Difference between revisions of "Flathead Indian Reservation (Montana)"

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:'''Principal tribes''' -- Salish (also called [[Flathead Indians|Flathead]]), [[Pend d'Oreille Indians|Pend d'Oreille]], and [[Kutenai Indians|Kootenai]]&nbsp; (also called the [[Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation, Montana|Confederated Salish and Kootenai]]).<ref>Montana Official State Travel Information Site, [http://indiannations.visitmt.com/flathead.shtm Flathead Reservation]</ref>  
 
:'''Principal tribes''' -- Salish (also called [[Flathead Indians|Flathead]]), [[Pend d'Oreille Indians|Pend d'Oreille]], and [[Kutenai Indians|Kootenai]]&nbsp; (also called the [[Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation, Montana|Confederated Salish and Kootenai]]).<ref>Montana Official State Travel Information Site, [http://indiannations.visitmt.com/flathead.shtm Flathead Reservation]</ref>  
 
:'''Population''' -- 2,743 (2000 census)<ref>Census 2000 Tribal Entity Counts for American Indian Reservations and Off-Reservation Trust Lands. U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. [http://www.census.gov/geo/www/tallies/tallyair.html Available online]. {Note: This census figure only accounts for tribal members living on the reservation or trust lands. Other enrolled tribal members may live off-reservation.)</ref>.  
 
:'''Population''' -- 2,743 (2000 census)<ref>Census 2000 Tribal Entity Counts for American Indian Reservations and Off-Reservation Trust Lands. U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. [http://www.census.gov/geo/www/tallies/tallyair.html Available online]. {Note: This census figure only accounts for tribal members living on the reservation or trust lands. Other enrolled tribal members may live off-reservation.)</ref>.  
:Approx. 4500 living on or near the Reservation in 2009.<ref>Montana Official State Travel Information Site, [http://indiannations.visitmt.com/flathead.shtm Flathead Reservation]</ref>&nbsp; 1969: Tribal [[American_Indian_Enrollment_Records|enrollment]] 5,296.
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:Approx. 4500 living on or near the Reservation in 2009.<ref>Montana Official State Travel Information Site, [http://indiannations.visitmt.com/flathead.shtm Flathead Reservation]</ref>&nbsp; 1969: Tribal [[American Indian Enrollment Records|enrollment]] 5,296.
  
 
== History  ==
 
== History  ==
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In 1905, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs assigned Special Agent Thomas Downs to investigate the enrollment of the Indians of the Flathead Reservation. The National Archives has microfilmed the resulting documents as their Microcopy M1350, consisting of 3 rolls of microfilm. These records are available at the National Archives and their Regional Archives, and at other research institutions, including the {{FHL|573254|title-id|disp=Family History Library}} in Salt Lake City. The records include census rolls for 1903, 1905, and 1908, as well as applications for '''enrollment''' and Agent Downs' field notes. It includes members of all tribes then living on the Flathead Reservation, including the Flathead, [[Kootenai Indians, Idaho|Kootenai,]] [[Pend d'Oreille Indians|Pend d'Oreille]], [[Kalispel Indians|Kalispel]], and Spokane tribes.  
 
In 1905, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs assigned Special Agent Thomas Downs to investigate the enrollment of the Indians of the Flathead Reservation. The National Archives has microfilmed the resulting documents as their Microcopy M1350, consisting of 3 rolls of microfilm. These records are available at the National Archives and their Regional Archives, and at other research institutions, including the {{FHL|573254|title-id|disp=Family History Library}} in Salt Lake City. The records include census rolls for 1903, 1905, and 1908, as well as applications for '''enrollment''' and Agent Downs' field notes. It includes members of all tribes then living on the Flathead Reservation, including the Flathead, [[Kootenai Indians, Idaho|Kootenai,]] [[Pend d'Oreille Indians|Pend d'Oreille]], [[Kalispel Indians|Kalispel]], and Spokane tribes.  
  
Land records:&nbsp; Tribally-owned land: 558,216.44&nbsp; [[American_Indian_Allotment_Records|Allotted]] land: 56,869.08. <br>
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Land records: Tribally-owned land: 558,216.44 [[American Indian Allotment Records|Allotted]] land: 56,869.08. <ref> Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y.  McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 </ref>
  
 
== Important Websites  ==
 
== Important Websites  ==

Revision as of 19:27, 13 November 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png Montana Gotoarrow.png Indians of Montana Gotoarrow.png Flathead Indian Reservation (Montana) 

The Flathead Indian Reservation is a federally-recognized reservation, located north of Interstate 90 between Missoula and Kalispell,[1] mostly within the boundaries of Lake County. Small portions of the reservation are also located in Sanders, Missoula, and Flathead Counties.

Established -- 16 July 1855
Agency (BIA) -- Flathead Indian Agency at Pablo, Montana[2]
Principal tribes -- Salish (also called Flathead), Pend d'Oreille, and Kootenai  (also called the Confederated Salish and Kootenai).[3]
Population -- 2,743 (2000 census)[4].
Approx. 4500 living on or near the Reservation in 2009.[5]  1969: Tribal enrollment 5,296.

History

The Flathead Reservation Historical Society has compiled a time line of historical events, which lists important happenings from pre-contact to the year 2000.

The reservation was originally named the Jocko Reservation, as it was located on the Jocko River. It was created by a Treaty of July 16, 1855 (XII, 975). Some of reservation land has been allotted to individual Indians under acts of Apr. 23, 1904 (XXIII, 302), Feb. 8, 1887 (XXIV, 388), and Feb. 28,1891(XXVI, 791)[6].

Records

Many of the records of individual Indians living on the Flathead Reservation were kept by the Flathead Agency of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, located in Pablo, Montana. Others are kept by the Tribal Office.

In 1905, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs assigned Special Agent Thomas Downs to investigate the enrollment of the Indians of the Flathead Reservation. The National Archives has microfilmed the resulting documents as their Microcopy M1350, consisting of 3 rolls of microfilm. These records are available at the National Archives and their Regional Archives, and at other research institutions, including the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. The records include census rolls for 1903, 1905, and 1908, as well as applications for enrollment and Agent Downs' field notes. It includes members of all tribes then living on the Flathead Reservation, including the Flathead, Kootenai, Pend d'Oreille, Kalispel, and Spokane tribes.

Land records: Tribally-owned land: 558,216.44 Allotted land: 56,869.08. [7]

Important Websites

Flathead Reservation Historical Society

References

  1. Montana Official State Travel Information Site, Flathead Reservation
  2. Montana Official State Travel Information Site, Flathead Reservation
  3. Montana Official State Travel Information Site, Flathead Reservation
  4. Census 2000 Tribal Entity Counts for American Indian Reservations and Off-Reservation Trust Lands. U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Available online. {Note: This census figure only accounts for tribal members living on the reservation or trust lands. Other enrolled tribal members may live off-reservation.)
  5. Montana Official State Travel Information Site, Flathead Reservation
  6. "Montana Indian Reservations," Handbook of Indians North of Mexico, by Frederick Webb Hodge Available online.
  7. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2

Bibliography

  • Confederation of American Indians. Indian Reservations: A State and Federal Handbook. Jefferson, North Caroline: McFarland & Co., c1986. WorldCat 14098308; FHL book 970.1 In2.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30, 1906. This publication lists the 22 states which had reservations in 1908. Available online.
  • Kappler, Charles J. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1902. 7 volumes. WorldCat 74490963; FHL book 970.1 K142iAvailable online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Prucha, Francis Paul. Atlas of American Indian Affairs. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1991 WorldCat 257331735; FHL book 970.1 P95aa
  • Prucha, Francis Paul, ed. Documents of United States Indian Policy. 3rd Edition. Lincoln, Nebraska: Univeresity of Nebraska Press, 2000. WorldCat 50416280; FHL book 970.1 P95d.
  • Prucha, Francis Paul. Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, 1789-1895. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, c1964. WorldCat 522839; FHL book 973 M2pf.
  • Schmeckebier, Laurance F. The Office of Indian Affairs: Its History, Activities, and Organization. Service Monographs of the United States Government; no. 48. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1927. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1972.  WorldCat 257893; FHL book 973 B4b v. 48.
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published
  • Tiller, Veronica E. Velarde. American Indian Reservations and Trust Areas. [Washington, DC]: Economic Development Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1996. WorldCat 35209517; FHL book 970.1 T463a.
  • United States Department of Commerce, Frederick B. Dent, Secretary. Federal and State Reservations and Trust Areas. 1974. FHL book 970.1 Un3fe/1974.
  • United States Department of the Interior. Executive Orders Relating to Indian Reservations. Washington: [United States] Government Printing Office, 1912 (v. 1), 1922 (v. 2). Vol. 1 – May 14, 1855 to July 1, 1912. Vol. 2 – July 1, 1912 to July 1, 1922. FHL film 1440543 Items 8-9.
  • United States Federal and State Indian Reservations, Map. Available online.
  • Waldman, Carl. Atlas of the North American Indian. New York: Facts on File, 2009. 3rd ed. WorldCat 244771132; FHL book 970.1 W146a 2009.
  • Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006.