Difference between revisions of "Georgia, Headright and Bounty Land Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Georgia, United States Genealogy|Georgia]]''
|CID=CID1914217
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 +
{{US State HR Infobox
 +
|CID=CID1914217  
 
|title=Georgia Headright and Bounty Land Records, 1783-1909
 
|title=Georgia Headright and Bounty Land Records, 1783-1909
|location=United States}}<br>
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|location=Georgia
 
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| LOC_01 = Georgia
== Record Description ==
+
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_02_type =
 +
| LOC_03 = 
 +
| loc_map = 
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| State_flag = Georgia flag.png
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| state_loc_map = US Locator Georgia.png
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| record_type =Headright and Bounty Land Records
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| start_year = 1783
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| end_year = 1909
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| FS_URL_01 = [[Georgia Genealogy (state)]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [[Georgia Archives and Libraries]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[Georgia Land and Property]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=354&query=%2Bplace%3A%22United%20States%2C%20Georgia%22%20%2Bkeywords%3Aland FamilySearch Library Catalog]
 +
| FS_URL_05 =
 +
| FS_URL_06 =
 +
| FS_URL_07 = 
 +
| FS_URL_08 = 
 +
| FS_URL_09 = 
 +
| FS_URL_10 = 
 +
| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.genealogy.com/24_land.html Revolutionary War Bounty Land Grants]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://publicrecords.onlinesearches.com/Georgia-Land-Records-and-Deeds.htm Georgia Land Records and Deeds Directory] 
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.georgiagenealogy.org/land.htm Georgia Land and Property Records]
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| RW_URL_04 =   
 +
| RW_URL_05 =
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| custodian =
 +
}}
  
This Collection will include records from 1783 to 1909.<br>
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
  
This collection consists of individual documents from Georgia’s original land grant system, the headright and bounty land system. The files, filmed at the Georgia State Archives, contain the following types of records relating to the acquisition of a piece of land:  
+
This collection consists of individual documents from Georgia’s original land grant system, the headright and bounty land system for the years 1783 to 1909. The files, filmed at the Georgia State Archives, contain the following types of records relating to the acquisition of a piece of land:  
  
 
*Headrights which provided the head of a family with a grant of land.  
 
*Headrights which provided the head of a family with a grant of land.  
Line 20: Line 47:
 
The files are generally organized by county and then by record type. The original grant files are arranged alphabetically by name of applicant. Each grant book has an index which usually appears at the beginning of the digital files.  
 
The files are generally organized by county and then by record type. The original grant files are arranged alphabetically by name of applicant. Each grant book has an index which usually appears at the beginning of the digital files.  
  
This collection is being published as images become available. Check the wiki or browse the collection to determine current coverage.  
+
This collection is being published as images become available.  
  
Georgia was a state-land state. The land was distributed by the provincial and later, state governors of the Colony and later the State of Georgia. After the Revolutionary War, a land act was passed which allowed a man to receive from 200 or more acres of land. Georgia also issued lands to its civilian population who had remained loyal, or at the very least neutral, to the Revolutionary cause after the British restored royal control. Settlers in good standing who owned land at the time of the establishment of the land offices received grants for their land.
+
===To Browse this Collection===
  
Applicants for grants would swear to oaths regarding the size of their families to determine the number of acres granted. A warrant of survey would generally be issued, and the county surveyor would lay out the land. Copies of the survey plats were kept by the county surveyor and Surveyor General.
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{{Collection_Browse_Link
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|CID=CID1914217
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|title=Georgia Headright and Bounty Land Records, 1783-1909
 +
|}}
  
Settlers were required to live on their land for a year and cultivate at least 3 percent of the land. After that time the applicant could apply for a grant.
+
==What Can these Records Tell Me?==
  
Most of the headright and bounty grants issued were for land located east of the Oconee River.
+
Information found in the collection is listed below:  
 
 
For more historical information about land records in Georgia see the following websites:
 
 
 
*[http://www.sos.georgia.gov/archives/what_do_we_have/land_lottery/default.htm Land Lottery]
 
*[http://www.genealogy.com/24_land.html Revolutionary War Bounty Land Grants]
 
 
 
For a list of records by date or locality currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1914217/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page.
 
 
 
This collection includes records for the years 1783 to 1909.&nbsp;
 
 
 
These records were created to document the processes of receiving land grants from the State of Georgia, including headright land grants and bounties.
 
 
 
These records should contain reliable information regarding the location and disposition of land, as well as military service information.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
 
 
 
{{Collection citation | text= "Georgia, Headright and Bounty Land Records, 1783-1909." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing State Archives, Morrow.}}
 
 
 
[[Georgia Headright and Bounty Land Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
 
 
[[Image:Georgia Headright and Bounty Land Records DGS 4720679 21.jpg|thumb|right|Georgia Headright and Bounty Land Records DGS 4720679 21.jpg]]
 
 
 
Key genealogical facts found in the collection are listed below:  
 
  
 
*Name of grantee  
 
*Name of grantee  
Line 63: Line 64:
 
*Legal description of land  
 
*Legal description of land  
 
*Location of the land  
 
*Location of the land  
*Number of acres  
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*Number of acres
*Date of the grant
 
  
== How to Use the Record ==
+
==Collection Content ==
 +
=== Sample Image ===
 +
<gallery>
 +
Image:Georgia Headright and Bounty Land Records DGS 4720679 21.jpg|Georgia Land Record
 +
</gallery>
  
To search the collection, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page. Next select the Record Type, Date Range and Volume which takes you to the images.
 
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
+
== How Do I Search the Collection?  ==
 +
You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search, it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of the individual
 +
*The location or date of the event
  
To search the records do the following:  
+
=== View the Images ===
 +
First, check if there are indexes at the beginning or end.  If your ancestor is in the index write down the page numbers listed for your ancestor so that you can then quickly turn to those pages.
 +
View images in this collection by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/1914217/waypoints Browse Page].
 +
# Select '''Record Type, Date Range and Volume'''
  
*If you know the county that your ancestor lived in and the approximate time period check the index found at the beginning of most volumes. Indexes enable you to access land records quickly by searching for the names of owners.
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
*Check for the family name (surname) and then the given name. Make a list of the volumes and page numbers for each record you wish to check.
+
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
*Search the noted volume and page number.
 
*You may also browse through the images within each file.
 
*Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
 
*When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Make a photocopy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed.  
 
*These pieces of information may give you new biographical details about your family. Add this new information to your records of each family.
 
  
Additional search strategies;
 
  
*Search for the land transactions of a couple and their children. The parents may have sold or given property to a son or daughter. Such transactions confirm relationships that might not be found in other records.  
+
For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
*Search for records of people in the county who shared a surname. These may have been the couple’s parents, uncles, or other relatives. Your ancestor may have been an heir who sold inherited land that had belonged to parents or grandparents.
+
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1914217 Georgia, headright and bounty land records, 1783-1909]. Click on camera icon to see images.}}
*To find later generations, search the land records a few years before and after a person’s death. Your ancestor may have sold or given land to his or her heirs before death, or the heirs may have sold the land after the individual died. For daughters, the names of their husbands are often provided. For sons, the given names of their wives may be included. Heirs may have sold their interest in the land to another heir even though the record may not indicate this. Continue this process for identifying each succeeding generation.
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 
  
The information in these records may lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 +
=== I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*Use the information to find other records such as birth, christening, census, land and death records.
 +
*Use the information to find additional family members.
 +
*Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
 +
*[[Georgia Church Records| Church Records]] often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
  
*Use the land location and names of the parents to search for church and census records.  
+
=== I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now? === 
*If your ancestor received a bounty land grant, search for military records.
+
*Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc.  Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*Collect entries for every person who has the same surname.  This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
 +
*If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search
 +
*Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images. 
 +
*Remember that sometimes individuals went by [http://usgenweb.org/research/nicknames.shtml nicknames] or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for [http://genealogy.about.com/od/first_names/fl/nickname-given-name-equivalents.htm these names] as well. 
 +
*Search the indexes and records of [[Georgia, United States Genealogy]].
 +
*Search in the [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=354&query=%2Bplace%3A%22United%20States%2C%20Georgia%22%20%2Bkeywords%3Aland FamilySearch Library Catalog]
  
Tips for searching the records:
 
  
*Some entries in earlier years may have been missed.
+
== General Information About These Records ==
*Indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations.
 
*Some of the documents are difficult to read.
 
*Some counties were subdivided or the boundaries may have changed. Consider searching neighboring counties as well since that courthouse may have been more convenient for the person.
 
*One record alone does not usually give complete information about a couple and their children. A careful study of all records for the person or the family will yield a richer return of information.
 
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
Georgia was a state-land state. The land was distributed by the provincial and later, state governors of the Colony and later the State of Georgia. After the Revolutionary War, a land act was passed which allowed a man to receive from 200 or more acres of land. Georgia also issued lands to its civilian population who had remained loyal, or at the very least neutral, to the Revolutionary cause after the British restored royal control. Settlers in good standing who owned land at the time of the establishment of the land offices received grants for their land.
  
*[http://www.sos.georgia.gov/archives/what_do_we_have/land_lottery/default.htm Land Lottery]
+
Applicants for grants would swear to oaths regarding the size of their families to determine the number of acres granted. A warrant of survey would generally be issued, and the county surveyor would lay out the land. Copies of the survey plats were kept by the county surveyor and Surveyor General. Settlers were required to live on their land for a year and cultivate at least 3 percent of the land. After that time the applicant could apply for a grant.  
*[http://www.genealogy.com/24_land.html Revolutionary War Bounty Land Grants]
 
*[http://find.sos.state.ga.us/archon/?p=collections/classifications&id=4 Georgia Archives, Surveyor General Records]
 
*[http://publicrecords.onlinesearches.com/Georgia-Land-Records-and-Deeds.htm Georgia Land Records and Deeds Directory]
 
*[http://www.georgiagenealogy.org/land.htm Georgia Land and Property Records]
 
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
These records were created to document the processes of receiving land grants from the State of Georgia, including headright land grants and bounties. They generally contain reliable information regarding the location and disposition of land, as well as military service information. Most of the headright and bounty grants issued were for land located east of the Oconee River.
  
*[[Georgia (state)]]
+
== Citing this Collection  ==
*[[Georgia Land and Property]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
{{Contributor invite}}  
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Georgia, Headright and Bounty Land Records, 1783-1909." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. State Archives, Morrow.}} <br>
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
'''Image Citation'''<br> {{Image Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1914217
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
|title=Georgia Headright and Bounty Land Records, 1783-1909
 
+
}}<br>
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
 
  
"Georgia Headright and Bounty Land Records, 1783-1909," images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org: accessed 25 May 2011), Register of grants, 1790-1791, v. UUU &gt; image 467 of 690, John Dysart, land granted 12 April 1791; citing Georgia Court of Justice, Georgia headright and bounty documents, Georgia State Archives, Morrow, Georgia.
+
'''[[Georgia,_Headright_and_Bounty_Land_Records_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)#top|Top of Page]]'''
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
[[Category:Georgia|Land and Property]]
+
{{Contributor invite}}

Latest revision as of 15:34, 16 May 2017

United States Gotoarrow.png Georgia

Access the Records
Georgia Headright and Bounty Land Records, 1783-1909 .
CID1914217
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Georgia, United States
Georgia flag.png
Flag of Georgia
US Locator Georgia.png
Location of Georgia
Record Description
Record Type Headright and Bounty Land Records
Collection years 1783-1909
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites


What is in the Collection?

This collection consists of individual documents from Georgia’s original land grant system, the headright and bounty land system for the years 1783 to 1909. The files, filmed at the Georgia State Archives, contain the following types of records relating to the acquisition of a piece of land:

  • Headrights which provided the head of a family with a grant of land.
  • Bounty land grants which were awarded by the government as a reward to citizens for the risks and hardships they endured in the service of their country, usually in a military related capacity.
  • Warrant files which may include land plats, although not all transactions included surveys.
  • Vouchers listing the applicant’s status during the Revolutionary War
  • Certificates of eligibility for a land grant
  • Powers of attorney
  • Petitions

The files are generally organized by county and then by record type. The original grant files are arranged alphabetically by name of applicant. Each grant book has an index which usually appears at the beginning of the digital files.

This collection is being published as images become available.

To Browse this Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Georgia Headright and Bounty Land Records, 1783-1909.

What Can these Records Tell Me?

Information found in the collection is listed below:

  • Name of grantee
  • Date of land grant
  • Legal description of land
  • Location of the land
  • Number of acres

Collection Content

Sample Image


How Do I Search the Collection?

You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the individual
  • The location or date of the event

View the Images

First, check if there are indexes at the beginning or end. If your ancestor is in the index write down the page numbers listed for your ancestor so that you can then quickly turn to those pages. View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page.

  1. Select Record Type, Date Range and Volume

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.


For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the information to find other records such as birth, christening, census, land and death records.
  • Use the information to find additional family members.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search the indexes and records of Georgia, United States Genealogy.
  • Search in the FamilySearch Library Catalog


General Information About These Records

Georgia was a state-land state. The land was distributed by the provincial and later, state governors of the Colony and later the State of Georgia. After the Revolutionary War, a land act was passed which allowed a man to receive from 200 or more acres of land. Georgia also issued lands to its civilian population who had remained loyal, or at the very least neutral, to the Revolutionary cause after the British restored royal control. Settlers in good standing who owned land at the time of the establishment of the land offices received grants for their land.

Applicants for grants would swear to oaths regarding the size of their families to determine the number of acres granted. A warrant of survey would generally be issued, and the county surveyor would lay out the land. Copies of the survey plats were kept by the county surveyor and Surveyor General. Settlers were required to live on their land for a year and cultivate at least 3 percent of the land. After that time the applicant could apply for a grant.

These records were created to document the processes of receiving land grants from the State of Georgia, including headright land grants and bounties. They generally contain reliable information regarding the location and disposition of land, as well as military service information. Most of the headright and bounty grants issued were for land located east of the Oconee River.

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"Georgia, Headright and Bounty Land Records, 1783-1909." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. State Archives, Morrow.

Image Citation

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Georgia Headright and Bounty Land Records, 1783-1909.


Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.