Georgia Road

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  Georgia Road

The Georgia Road connected Athens, Knoxville, Nashville, and Huntsville.
The Georgia Road, also called the Federal Road, was a toll road opened in 1805 from Savannah, Georgia across Cherokee Indian lands to Knoxville, Tennessee. Branches also extended to Nashville, Tennessee and Huntsville, Alabama. After improvements in 1819 it was renamed the Federal Road.[1]

Historical Background

The 1805 Treaty of Tellico allowed the construction of roads through Cherokee Indian lands. The Middle Cherokee Trading Path was used for much of the route of the Georgia Road.[2] It entered Cherokee land at Vann's Ferry and headed toward present-day Ramhurst, where it forked, one trail went north to Knoxville and the other west to Chattanooga (Ross Landing) and Nashville. Another fork started at South Pittsburg, Tennessee and followed the northwest side of the Tennesse River toward Huntsville, Alabama. White squatters often settled near the road on Indian lands, and the Indians were soon forced to withdraw.[3]


To Knoxville

  • Athens, Clarke, Georgia
  • Vann's Ferry, Hall, Georgia
  • Ramhurst, Murray, Georgia
  • Conasauga, Polk, Tennessee
  • west of Etowah, McMinn, Tennessee
  • Old Tellico, Monroe, Tennessee
  • Niles Ferry, Monroe, Tennessee
  • follow the old Marysville road to Knoxville, Knox, Tennessee

To Nashville

  • Ramhurst, Murray, Georgia
  • Chattanooga (Ross Landing), Hamilton, Tennessee
  • Monteagle, Marion, Tennessee
  • Murfreesboro, Rutherford, Tennessee
  • Nashville, Davidson, Tennessee

To Huntsville

  • South Pittsburg, Marion, Tennessee
  • follow the northside of the Tennessee River to
  • Huntsville, Madison, Alabama

Settlers and Records

There is no known list of settlers who travelled the Georgia Road. However, some of the early residents of Tennessee may have used the Georgia Road to reach their destination, as well as several other routes like the Great Valley Road, Natchez Trace, Wilderness Road, Kentucky Road, or Avery's Trace.

For early Tennessee settlers see:

For early Alabama settlers see:

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Federal Road (Cherokee lands)

Internet Sites


  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Federal Road (Cherokee lands)," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia at (accessed 31 July 2010).
  2. "Old Federal Road" in About North Georgia at (accessed 31 July 2010).
  3. "Federal Road" in New Georgia Encyclopedia at (accessed 31 July 2010).