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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide|Massachusetts]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Hampden County'''
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This is a historical and genealogical guide to the county of Hampden. You will find help with town histories, vital records, deeds and land records, city directories, cemetery records and cemeteries, churches, town records, newspapers, maps, and libraries.  
 
This is a historical and genealogical guide to the county of Hampden. You will find help with town histories, vital records, deeds and land records, city directories, cemetery records and cemeteries, churches, town records, newspapers, maps, and libraries.  
  
== Hampden County Massachusetts History ==
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== Hampden County Massachusetts History ==
  
=== Brief History  ===
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==== Brief History  ====
  
 
This region was the first settled area in western Massachusetts Bay Colony centered around Springfield that was settled in 1636. It was first incorporated as the county of Hampshire. The first settlers arrived coming up the Connecticut River valley. The King Philip's War pulled settlers back from many frontier areas in 1675. Springfield has always been the center of trade and culture for this region. When Hampshire County was last divided, Springfield was made the county seat of the new county of Hampden. Realize that the old deeds for the region stayed in Springfield and the old probates moved in 1794 and stayed in Northampton. The county government was abolished on 1 July 1998, but its former jurisdiction is used for state offices as a district.<ref>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/cis/cisctlist/ctlistcounin.htm Abolished County Governments - Secretary of State], Acts of 1997, Ch. 48, Sect. 1.</ref><br>  
 
This region was the first settled area in western Massachusetts Bay Colony centered around Springfield that was settled in 1636. It was first incorporated as the county of Hampshire. The first settlers arrived coming up the Connecticut River valley. The King Philip's War pulled settlers back from many frontier areas in 1675. Springfield has always been the center of trade and culture for this region. When Hampshire County was last divided, Springfield was made the county seat of the new county of Hampden. Realize that the old deeds for the region stayed in Springfield and the old probates moved in 1794 and stayed in Northampton. The county government was abolished on 1 July 1998, but its former jurisdiction is used for state offices as a district.<ref>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/cis/cisctlist/ctlistcounin.htm Abolished County Governments - Secretary of State], Acts of 1997, Ch. 48, Sect. 1.</ref><br>  
  
=== Historical Data  ===
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==== Historical Data  ====
  
 
The basic data are from the historical county boundary series<ref>[http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/MA_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm#HAMPDEN Massachusetts Atlas of Historical County Boundaries]</ref> with additions from various sources.  
 
The basic data are from the historical county boundary series<ref>[http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/MA_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm#HAMPDEN Massachusetts Atlas of Historical County Boundaries]</ref> with additions from various sources.  
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|-
 
|-
 
| 1 Aug. 1812  
 
| 1 Aug. 1812  
| Hampden County set off from the northern half of [[Hampshire County, Massachusetts|Hampshire County]]. [Mass. Acts, 1812, Ch. 137, p. 291]
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| Hampden County set off from the northern half of [[Hampshire County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Hampshire County]]. [Mass. Acts, 1812, Ch. 137, p. 291]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 7 Feb. 1826  
 
| 7 Feb. 1826  
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| Border between Palmer and Ware, Hampshire Co., redefined - no change. [Mass. Acts, 1910, Ch. 471, Sec. 1, p. 422]
 
| Border between Palmer and Ware, Hampshire Co., redefined - no change. [Mass. Acts, 1910, Ch. 471, Sec. 1, p. 422]
 
|}
 
|}
<div style="width: 147%"><center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>  
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=== Towns and Cities  ===
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==== Record Loss ====
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There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.
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<div style="width: 100%"><center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>
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==== Towns and Cities  ====
  
 
[[Image:Ma-hampden.png|right|400px|Ma-hampden.png]]The following list of present-day Hampden County towns and cities links them to their individual pages. There you will find a list of other names used for the town or city and of villages and sections of the town or city.<br><br>  
 
[[Image:Ma-hampden.png|right|400px|Ma-hampden.png]]The following list of present-day Hampden County towns and cities links them to their individual pages. There you will find a list of other names used for the town or city and of villages and sections of the town or city.<br><br>  
 
<center>[[Agawam, Massachusetts|Agawam (1855)]] | [[Blandford, Massachusetts|Blandford (1741)]] | [[Brimfield, Massachusetts|Brimfield (1731)]]<br>[[Chester, Massachusetts|Chester (1765)]] | [[Chicopee, Massachusetts|Chicopee (1848)]] | [[East Longmeadow, Massachusetts|East Longmeadow (1894)]]<br>[[Granville, Massachusetts|Granville (1775)]] | [[Hampden, Massachusetts|Hampden (1878)]] | [[Holland, Massachusetts|Holland (1835)]]<br>[[Holyoke, Massachusetts|Holyoke (1850)]] | [[Longmeadow, Massachusetts|Longmeadow (1783)]] | [[Ludlow, Massachusetts|Ludlow (1775)]]<br>[[Monson, Massachusetts|Monson (1775)]] | [[Montgomery, Massachusetts|Montgomery (1780)]] | [[Palmer, Massachusetts|Palmer (1775)]]<br>[[Russell, Massachusetts|Russell (1792)]] | [[Southwick, Massachusetts|Southwick (1775)]] | [[Springfield, Massachusetts|Springfield (1636)]]<br>[[Tolland, Massachusetts|Tolland (1810)]] | [[Wales, Massachusetts|Wales (1775)]] | [[West Springfield, Massachusetts|West Springfield (1774)]]<br>[[Westfield, Massachusetts|Westfield (1669)]] | [[Wilbraham, Massachusetts|Wilbraham (1763)]]</center><br><br><br><center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>  
 
<center>[[Agawam, Massachusetts|Agawam (1855)]] | [[Blandford, Massachusetts|Blandford (1741)]] | [[Brimfield, Massachusetts|Brimfield (1731)]]<br>[[Chester, Massachusetts|Chester (1765)]] | [[Chicopee, Massachusetts|Chicopee (1848)]] | [[East Longmeadow, Massachusetts|East Longmeadow (1894)]]<br>[[Granville, Massachusetts|Granville (1775)]] | [[Hampden, Massachusetts|Hampden (1878)]] | [[Holland, Massachusetts|Holland (1835)]]<br>[[Holyoke, Massachusetts|Holyoke (1850)]] | [[Longmeadow, Massachusetts|Longmeadow (1783)]] | [[Ludlow, Massachusetts|Ludlow (1775)]]<br>[[Monson, Massachusetts|Monson (1775)]] | [[Montgomery, Massachusetts|Montgomery (1780)]] | [[Palmer, Massachusetts|Palmer (1775)]]<br>[[Russell, Massachusetts|Russell (1792)]] | [[Southwick, Massachusetts|Southwick (1775)]] | [[Springfield, Massachusetts|Springfield (1636)]]<br>[[Tolland, Massachusetts|Tolland (1810)]] | [[Wales, Massachusetts|Wales (1775)]] | [[West Springfield, Massachusetts|West Springfield (1774)]]<br>[[Westfield, Massachusetts|Westfield (1669)]] | [[Wilbraham, Massachusetts|Wilbraham (1763)]]</center><br><br><br><center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>  
=== County Histories  ===
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==== County Histories  ====
  
 
{{MAHampdTowns}}Works written on the county include:  
 
{{MAHampdTowns}}Works written on the county include:  
  
*''Biographical Review: this volume contains biographical sketches of the leading citizens of Hampden County, Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1895), 1138 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5341960 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|212487|item|disp=FHL book 974.426 D3b and film 496791}} and {{FHL|1168179|item|disp=FHL digital book}}.<br>Digital versions at [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009833940 Hathi Trust] and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=17425 Ancestry] ($).<br>  
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*''Biographical Review: this volume contains biographical sketches of the leading citizens of Hampden County, Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1895), 1138 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5341960 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|212487|item|disp=FHL book 974.426 D3b and film 496791}}.<br>Digital versions at [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009833940 Hathi Trust] and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=17425 Ancestry] ($).<br>  
 
*Joseph Carvalho III, ''Black Families in Hampden County, Massachusetts, 1650-1855'' (Boston, 1984), 211 pp.; (Boston, 2nd ed., 2011), xxiv, 400 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10072661 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] and [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/754653177 2nd ed.]; {{FHL|215438|item|disp=FHL book 974.426 F2c}} and {{FHL|1947980|item|disp=FHL book 974.426 F2c 2011}}.<br>  
 
*Joseph Carvalho III, ''Black Families in Hampden County, Massachusetts, 1650-1855'' (Boston, 1984), 211 pp.; (Boston, 2nd ed., 2011), xxiv, 400 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10072661 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] and [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/754653177 2nd ed.]; {{FHL|215438|item|disp=FHL book 974.426 F2c}} and {{FHL|1947980|item|disp=FHL book 974.426 F2c 2011}}.<br>  
 
*Alfred Minott Copeland, ed., ''Our County and its People: a History of Hampden County, Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1902), 3v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3075222 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] and [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/30677082 Index]; Not at FHL.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/ourcountyitspeop01cope v. 1], [http://archive.org/details/ourcountyitspeop02cope v. 2], and [http://archive.org/details/ourcountyitspeop03cope v. 3]), Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=re9bwnTprgwC v. 1] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=GigWAAAAYAAJ v. 3]), and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=16847 Ancestry] ($) (2v. only).<br>  
 
*Alfred Minott Copeland, ed., ''Our County and its People: a History of Hampden County, Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1902), 3v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3075222 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] and [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/30677082 Index]; Not at FHL.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/ourcountyitspeop01cope v. 1], [http://archive.org/details/ourcountyitspeop02cope v. 2], and [http://archive.org/details/ourcountyitspeop03cope v. 3]), Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=re9bwnTprgwC v. 1] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=GigWAAAAYAAJ v. 3]), and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=16847 Ancestry] ($) (2v. only).<br>  
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*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mahampde/ The Hampden County MAGenWeb Project], an member of [[MAGenWeb|The MAGenWeb Project]], an affiliate of [[USGenWeb|The USGenWeb Project]].<br>  
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mahampde/ The Hampden County MAGenWeb Project], an member of [[MAGenWeb|The MAGenWeb Project]], an affiliate of [[USGenWeb|The USGenWeb Project]].<br>  
 
*[http://usgwarchives.net/ma/mafiles.htm#Hampden The USGenWeb Archives Project] for Hampden County.<br>  
 
*[http://usgwarchives.net/ma/mafiles.htm#Hampden The USGenWeb Archives Project] for Hampden County.<br>  
*{{FHL|Massachusetts%2C+Hampden|subject|disp=FamilySearch.org}} Family History Library catalog for Hampden County.<br>
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*{{FHL|Massachusetts%2C+Hampden|subject|disp=FamilySearch.org}} FamilySearch Catalog for Hampden County.<br>
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>  
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>
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== Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy Resources  ==
 
== Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy Resources  ==
  
=== Vital Records  ===
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==== Vital Records  ====
  
 
In Massachusetts, the original vital records (of births, marriages, and deaths) have been created and maintained by the town or city in which the event occurred. In very early colonial times, copies of these records were submitted to the county, but that practice died out long before this county was established. There were marriage intentions commonly recorded in the bride's home town and additional recordings maybe found in the groom's home town and their current residence.<br>  
 
In Massachusetts, the original vital records (of births, marriages, and deaths) have been created and maintained by the town or city in which the event occurred. In very early colonial times, copies of these records were submitted to the county, but that practice died out long before this county was established. There were marriage intentions commonly recorded in the bride's home town and additional recordings maybe found in the groom's home town and their current residence.<br>  
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It is easiest to start with the state vital records for events since 1841, though realize the original record is with the town or city. More details can be found on the [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Vital_Records|Massachusetts Genealogy Guide]] page.<br>  
 
It is easiest to start with the state vital records for events since 1841, though realize the original record is with the town or city. More details can be found on the [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Vital_Records|Massachusetts Genealogy Guide]] page.<br>  
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>  
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=====Birth=====
=== Land Records  ===
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*'''1666 - 1970''' {{RecordSearch|2268583|Massachusetts, Delayed and Corrected Vital Records, 1753-1900}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index & images
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>
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=== Probate Records  ===
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>
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=== Other Court Records  ===
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==== Cemetery ====
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{| width="80%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''Tombstone Transcriptions Online'''
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| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''Tombstone Transcriptions in Print'''
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| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''List of Cemeteries in the county'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=21&GScnty=1180&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=n Findagrave.com]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | {{FHL|331471|subject-id|disp=Family History Library}}
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=21&CScnty=1179 Findagrave.com]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mahampde/cemetery.htm USGenWeb]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3Acemetery+Hampden+Massachusetts&qt=results_page WorldCat]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://billiongraves.com/search/results?year_range=5&action=search_cemetery&exact=true&country=United%20States&state=Massachusetts&county=Hampden&cemetery_name=a# Billion Graves]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://usgwarchives.net/ma/mafiles.htm#Hampden MAGenWeb Archives]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.usgwtombstones.org/massachusetts/hampden.html Tombstone Project]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.interment.net/us/ma/hampden.htm MAInterment]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://magravestones.org/cemeteries.php?selected_cid=7 MAGravestones]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |[https://billiongraves.com/pages/search/# Billion Graves]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" colspan="3" | See [[Massachusetts Cemeteries|Massachusetts Cemeteries]] for more information.
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|}
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==== Census ====
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*'''1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1410399|Massachusetts State Census, 1865}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
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=== Emigration and Immigration ===
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*'''1837 - 1965''' - {{RecordSearch|2303027|Maine & Massachusetts Case Files of Deceased and Deserted Seamen 1837-1965}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] - images
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==== Land Records  ====
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Land transfers, commonly called deeds, are recorded on the county level in Massachusetts. Not all deeds were recorded as is common practice today. The earliest transactions were charters or grants from the English Crown. Once local government was established, the colony would grant land to settlers directly or to towns to dole out. Some towns first start out as proprietorship and records were recorded there. Once towns were established, deeds were recorded on the county level.<br>
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 +
'''NOTE:''' Hampden County holds all the original deeds of Hampshire County from its beginning in 1662 to the creation of this county in 1812.<br>
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[http://www.registryofdeeds.co.hampden.ma.us/ '''Springfield Registry of Deeds''']<br>50 State Street<br>Springfield MA 01103<br>Phone 413-755-1722<br>Email [mailto:hcrodsd@sec.state.ma.us hcrodsd@sec.state.ma.us]<br>
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Westfield Satellite Office<br>59 Court Street<br>Westfield MA 01085<br>Phone 413-568-2290<br>Note: See registry page above for temporary location of this office (Sept. 2013).<br>
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<center>'''Original records'''</center>
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<br> Records are available at the Registry. Their records [http://www.registryofdeeds.co.hampden.ma.us '''ONLINE'''] are:<br>
 +
 
 +
*Recorded Land [i.e. deeds], 1956-present.<br>
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*Recorded Plans, no date.<br>
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*Registered Land [i.e. land court], no date.<br>
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*Registered Land Plans, no date.<br>
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<center>'''Original records on microfilm'''</center>
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<br>
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 +
*Deeds, v. 1-238 (1638-1867), indexes: 1636-1800, 1800-1849, 1850-1869, at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/438974 FHL film 844472 (1st of 164)] and [http://library.nehgs.org/record=b1053331~S0 New England Historic Genealogical Society].<br>
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*Deeds, v. 239-630 (1866-1902), indexes: 1870-1889, 1890-1899, 1900-1909; also Deeds, A-Z (1738-1762); also Springfield deeds, 1634-1664), at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/576044 FHL film 1480098 (1st of 182)] and [http://library.nehgs.org/record=b1053331~S0 New England Historic Genealogical Society].<br>
 +
<center>'''Original records published'''</center>
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<br>
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*Harry Andrew Wright, ''Indian Deeds of Hampden County: being copies of all land transfers from the Indians recorded in the county of Hampden, Massachusetts, and some deeds from other sources together with notes and translations of Indian place names'' (Springfield, Mass., 1905), 194 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1727546 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/135745 FHL book 974.426 R2w].<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/indiandeedsofham00wrig Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=Wq7j8EoY-m8C Google Books], and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=16845 Ancestry] ($).<br>
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
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==== Probate Records  ====
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<center>'''Online Records'''</center><br>
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*'''1635 – 1991''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=9069 Massachusetts Wills and Probate Records 1635-1991] at [http://home.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] — index and images, $<br>
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<br>  
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==== Other Court Records  ====
  
 
The court system can appear to be complex. The system was reorganized in 1686/1692, 1859, and 1978. Described below are the most commonly used records for history and genealogy, but realize that this list is incomplete. For more detailed information regarding court structure, see [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Court_System|Understanding the Massachusetts Court System]].<br><br>Older records are held by:<br>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colidx.htm#court '''Supreme Judicial Court Archives''']<br>(administration - records stored in several off-site facilities and the Mass. Archives)<br>16th Floor, Highrise Court House<br>3 Pemberton Square<br>Boston MA 02109<br>Phone 617-557-1082<br>Email [mailto:Elizabeth.Bouvier@sjc.state.ma.us Elizabeth.Bouvier@sjc.state.ma.us]  
 
The court system can appear to be complex. The system was reorganized in 1686/1692, 1859, and 1978. Described below are the most commonly used records for history and genealogy, but realize that this list is incomplete. For more detailed information regarding court structure, see [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Court_System|Understanding the Massachusetts Court System]].<br><br>Older records are held by:<br>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colidx.htm#court '''Supreme Judicial Court Archives''']<br>(administration - records stored in several off-site facilities and the Mass. Archives)<br>16th Floor, Highrise Court House<br>3 Pemberton Square<br>Boston MA 02109<br>Phone 617-557-1082<br>Email [mailto:Elizabeth.Bouvier@sjc.state.ma.us Elizabeth.Bouvier@sjc.state.ma.us]  
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>  
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>  
==== Quarterly Court of General Sessions of the Peace  ====
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===== Quarterly Court of General Sessions of the Peace  =====
  
 
This court was active from 1812 to 1827. The court heard criminal cases and had authority over county affairs that included levying taxes, reviewing town bylaws, highways, licensed liquor, regulated jails, supervised the administration of the poor laws, and appointed some county officials.<br>  
 
This court was active from 1812 to 1827. The court heard criminal cases and had authority over county affairs that included levying taxes, reviewing town bylaws, highways, licensed liquor, regulated jails, supervised the administration of the poor laws, and appointed some county officials.<br>  
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*
 
*
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>  
 
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==== Inferior Court of Common Pleas  ====
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===== Inferior Court of Common Pleas  =====
  
 
This court was active from 1812 to 1859. The court heard all civil cases over 40s unless a case involved freehold or was appealed from a justice of the peace.<br>  
 
This court was active from 1812 to 1859. The court heard all civil cases over 40s unless a case involved freehold or was appealed from a justice of the peace.<br>  
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*
 
*
 
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==== Superior Court  ====
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===== Superior Court  =====
  
 
The Quarterly Court of General Sessions was merged into the Inferior Court of Common Pleas in 1827, and that court was reorganized in 1859 to created the Superior Court as the new lower (i.e. trial) court. It covers both criminal and civil matters.<br>  
 
The Quarterly Court of General Sessions was merged into the Inferior Court of Common Pleas in 1827, and that court was reorganized in 1859 to created the Superior Court as the new lower (i.e. trial) court. It covers both criminal and civil matters.<br>  
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*
 
*
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>  
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>  
==== Supreme Judicial Court  ====
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===== Supreme Judicial Court  =====
  
 
The Supreme Judicial Court was established by the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 that combined the former Governor and Council with the Superior Court of Judicature creating the highest state court. This court hears appeals, writ of error, capital offenses, and crimes against the public good. That included divorces until that action was moved to the lower court in 1887.<br>  
 
The Supreme Judicial Court was established by the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 that combined the former Governor and Council with the Superior Court of Judicature creating the highest state court. This court hears appeals, writ of error, capital offenses, and crimes against the public good. That included divorces until that action was moved to the lower court in 1887.<br>  
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*
 
*
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>  
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>  
==== Naturalization Records  ====
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===== Naturalization Records  =====
  
 
Naturalization records were created on a variety of governmental levels from the Federal down to the city at the same time. The county records for all levels are outlines below. For more information, see the [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Naturalization_Records|Massachusetts state page]] for more on naturalization.<br>  
 
Naturalization records were created on a variety of governmental levels from the Federal down to the city at the same time. The county records for all levels are outlines below. For more information, see the [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Naturalization_Records|Massachusetts state page]] for more on naturalization.<br>  
<center>'''Federal Naturalization Records for Hampden'''</center> <center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center> === Maps === <center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>  
+
<center>'''Federal Naturalization Records for Hampden'''</center>  
== Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy Societies  ==
+
<br> No federal records as yet digitized at NARA.<br>
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>
+
<center>'''Hampden County Naturalization Records'''</center>
== Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy References ==
+
<br>
 +
 
 +
{| width="100%" border="1" class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! width="125" scope="col" | Record
 +
! width="100" scope="col" | Dates
 +
! width="125" scope="col" | Location
 +
! width="175" scope="col" | Index
 +
! width="350" scope="col" | Microfilm/Online
 +
|-
 +
| Supreme Judicial Ct.<br>Ct. of Common Pleas
 +
| 1812-1859
 +
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 +
| Indexed
 +
| Records, 1816-1859, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]<br>Final adm. and primary declaration, 1840-1852, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/591751 FHL films 1480083-1480087]<br>Primary declaration, 1853-1877, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/486298 FHL films 1479810-1479812]<br>Primary and final papers, 1853-1874, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/486032 FHL films 1479802-1479809]<br>Index, 1812-1861, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]<br>Index, 1812-1853, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/485876 FHL film 1479801 Item 2]
 +
|-
 +
| Superior Court
 +
| 1860-1991
 +
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 +
| Indexed
 +
| Records, 1860-1945, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]<br>Pending papers, 1851-1890, and dismissed papers, 1886-1887, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/486287 FHL film 1479809 Items 2-3]<br>Primary and final papers, 1853-1906, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/572270 FHL films 1450861-1450864]<br>Naturalization and final adm., 1875-1880, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/485798 FHL film 1451438 (1st of 5)]<br>Cert. of intention, 1875-1893, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/486290 FHL films 1479809-1479810]<br>Records, 1879-1906, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/591782 FHL film 1480087 (1st of 9)]; Declarations, 1906-1931, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/572069 FHL film 1450792 (1st of 28)]; Petitions of military personnel, 1918, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/572634 FHL film 1450864 Item 2]; Records, 1927-1945, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/571163 FHL film 1450864 (1st of 98)]; Index, 1906-1989, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]] and [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/820777 FHL film 2132736 (1st of 23)]; Index, 1812-1906, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/591530 FHL film 1464362-1464363]; Index, 1906-1986, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/591530 FHL film 1464331-1464361]<br>
 +
|-
 +
| Palmer<br>District Court
 +
| 1896-1906
 +
| District courthouse, Palmer, in 1990
 +
| Indexed
 +
| Docket, records, and index, 1896-1906, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/572999 FHL film 1673943]
 +
|-
 +
| Springfield<br>District Court
 +
| 1886-1906
 +
| District courthouse, Springfield, in 1990
 +
| Indexed
 +
| Declaration and naturalization, 1852-1855, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/565430 FHL film 1686074 Items 1-2]; Naturalization papers and index, 1885-1906, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/565870 FHL film 1686074 (1st of 18)]; Index, 1886-1906, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/565957 FHL film 1686074 Item 7]
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|}
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>  
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<br>
 +
 
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==== Maps ====
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
 +
==== Migration  ====
 +
 
 +
[[Image:{{CatskillRdmap}}]]Migration routes for early European settlers to and from {{PAGENAME}} included:<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry];  {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref><br><br>  
 +
 
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River '''Connecticut River'''] a navigable river stretching from the border of [[Quebec Genealogy|Quebec]], [[New Hampshire Genealogy|New Hampshire]], and [[Vermont Genealogy|Vermont]] flowing south to through Connecticut into Long Island Sound and the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_Ocean Atlantic Ocean] at [[Old Saybrook, Connecticut]]
 +
*Alford and Egremont (MA) Turnpike<ref>Frederic J. Wood, ''The Turnpikes of New England and the Evolution of the Same Through England, Virginia, and Maryland'' (Boston: Marshall Jones, 1919), map between 56 and 57, and 168. [https://archive.org/stream/turnpikesofnewen00woodrich#page/168/mode/1up Internet Archive version online].</ref> 1812
 +
*Ancram (NY) Turnpike<ref>Isaac Huntting, ''History of the Little Nine Partners of North East Precinct and Pine Plains, New York, Dutchess County'' (Amenia, NY: Chas. Walsh, 1897), 99-101. [{{Huntt}} Google Book edition].</ref> 1805, also sometimes called the '''''Catskill Road''''', from [[Salisbury, Connecticut]] to [[Catskill, New York]]
 +
*[[Catskill Road]] 1750s from [[Springfield, Massachusetts]] to [[Catskill, New York]]<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_turnpikes_in_New_York List of turnpikes in New York] in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' (accessed 6 November 2014).</ref> <ref name="AncramTpk">[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~tqpeiffer/Documents/Ancestral%20Migration%20Archives/Migration%20Webpage%20Folder/Northeast%20U.S.%20Migration%20Routes.htm#_NAME_%28A%29 Ancram Turnpike] in ''Routes in the Northeastern United States: Historic Trails, Roads and Migration Routes'' (accessed 6 November 2014). The '''Ancram Turnpike''' went from Springield, MA to Catskill, NY; and was called the '''''Catskill Road'''''.</ref> <ref name="Morgan">Almira E Morgan, ''The Catskill Turnpike: A Wilderness Path'' (Ithaca, N.Y.: DeWitt Historical Society of Thompkins County, 1971), 5. [http://tcpl.org/local-history/documents/nys-cny/Catskill_Turnpike.pdf Online digital copy].</ref> <ref name="CatskillTpk">[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~tqpeiffer/Documents/Ancestral%20Migration%20Archives/Migration%20Webpage%20Folder/Northeast%20U.S.%20Migration%20Routes.htm#_NAME_%28C%29 Catskill Turnpike] in ''Routes in the Northeastern United States: Historic Trails, Roads and Migration Routes'' (accessed 6 November 2014). The '''Catskill Turnpike''' went west from Catskill, NY to Bath, NY; the east part was called the '''''Susquehanna Turnpike'''''.</ref> <ref>Huntting, 97-99.</ref>
 +
*'''''[[Catskill Turnpike]]&nbsp;''''' (aka '''Susquehannah Turnpike&nbsp;''') from Catskill, NY to Unadilla, NY; route travelled by Europeans by 1792; toll booths opened by 1804.<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_turnpikes_in_New_York List of turnpikes in New York] in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' (accessed 1 November 2014).</ref> <ref name="Morgan" /> <ref>Anastassia Zinke, [http://www.catskillmtn.org/guide-magazine/articles/2001-11-the-susquehanna-turnpike-and-america-s-frontier-history.html The Susquehanna Turnpike and America's Frontier History] in ''Catskill Mountain Foundation'' (accessed 1 November 2014).</ref> <ref>Joan Odess, [http://www.dcha-ny.org/turnpike.pdf The Susquehanna Turnpike] (pdf accessed 1 November 2014).</ref>
 +
*Columbia (NY) Turnpike 1799
 +
*Great Barrington and Aford (MA) Turnpike<ref>Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 186-88.</ref> 1812
 +
*[[Greenwood Road]]<ref>Wood, map between 330 and 331, and 348-49.</ref> 1799 from [[Hartford, Connecticut]] to [[Albany, New York]]
 +
*Hampden and Berkshire (MA) Turnpike<ref>Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 203-205.</ref> 1826
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*Hillsdale and Chatham Turnpike 1805 from [[Alford, Massachusetts]] to [[Albany, New York]]
 +
*Housatonic River (MA) Turnpike<ref>Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 166-67.</ref> 1809
 +
*[[King's Highway]], also known as the upper fork of the Boston Post Road, from [[Boston, Massachusetts]] to [[Charleston, South Carolina]] 1650s
 +
*Massachusetts 10th Turnpike<ref>Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 76-78.</ref> 1800
 +
*Massachusetts 12th Turnpike<ref>Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 79-80.</ref> 1812
 +
*[[Old Connecticut Path]]<ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Connecticut_Path Old Connecticut Path] in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' (accessed 28 October 2014).</ref> <ref>Wood, 25.</ref> <ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Post_Road Boston Post Road] in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' (accessed 28 October 2014).</ref> 1630 from [[Boston, Massachusetts]] to [[Hartford, Connecticut]]
 +
*Rensselaer and Columbia (NY) Turnpike 1799
 +
*Salisbury and Canaan (CT) Turnpike<ref>Wood, map between 330 and 331, and 363-64.</ref> 1801-1829
 +
*[[Ulster and Delaware Turnpike]] 1802 from [[Salisbury, Connecticut]] to [[Bainbridge, New York]]<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
 +
 
 +
==== Military Records ====
 +
=====Revolutionary War=====
 +
*'''1775 - 1783''' - {{RecordSearch|2548057|Massachusetts, Revolutionary War, Index Cards to Muster Rolls, 1775-1783}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — images
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*'''1805 - 1845''' - {{RecordSearch|1881492|Massachusetts Revolutionary War Bounty Land Applications, 1805-1845}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
 
 +
== Hampden County Massachusetts Libraries and Genealogy Societies  ==
 +
<br>
 +
For information on additional archives and repositories, see
 +
:*List of [http://www.genealogyinc.com/massachusetts/ma-society-archive/ Massachusetts Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical &amp; Genealogical Societies]<br>
 +
:*'''[[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Massachusetts Repositories|Massachusetts Archives]]''' for information on additional archives and repositories<br><br>
 +
 
 +
=== Family History Centers ===
 +
{{FamilySearch Centers Intro}}
 +
 
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
 +
 
 +
== References ==
  
 
{{reflist}}  
 
{{reflist}}  
<center>'''Adjacent Counties:''' '''''Massachusetts:''''' [[Berkshire County, Massachusetts|Berkshire ]]| [[Hampshire County, Massachusetts|Hampshire ]]| [[Worcester County, Massachusetts|Worcester ]]<br>'''''Connecticut:''''' [[Hartford County, Connecticut|Hartford ]]| [[Litchfield County, Connecticut|Litchfield ]]| [[Tolland County, Connecticut|Tolland]]</center> <!--This was designed by Scott Andrew Bartley in conjunction with the Mass. Wiki Team on 5 September 2013--> </div>  
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<center>'''Adjacent Counties:''' '''''Massachusetts:''''' [[Berkshire County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Berkshire ]]| [[Hampshire County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Hampshire ]]| [[Worcester County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Worcester ]]<br>'''''Connecticut:''''' [[Hartford County, Connecticut Genealogy|Hartford ]]| [[Litchfield County, Connecticut Genealogy|Litchfield ]]| [[Tolland County, Connecticut Genealogy|Tolland]]</center> <!--This was designed by Scott Andrew Bartley in conjunction with the Mass. Wiki Team on 5 September 2013--> </div>  
[[Category:Hampden_County,_Massachusetts]]
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[[Category:Hampden_County,_Massachusetts]] [[Category:Massachusetts_Counties]]

Latest revision as of 03:13, 29 March 2017

United States
Massachusetts
Hampden County

This is a historical and genealogical guide to the county of Hampden. You will find help with town histories, vital records, deeds and land records, city directories, cemetery records and cemeteries, churches, town records, newspapers, maps, and libraries.

Hampden County Massachusetts History

Brief History

This region was the first settled area in western Massachusetts Bay Colony centered around Springfield that was settled in 1636. It was first incorporated as the county of Hampshire. The first settlers arrived coming up the Connecticut River valley. The King Philip's War pulled settlers back from many frontier areas in 1675. Springfield has always been the center of trade and culture for this region. When Hampshire County was last divided, Springfield was made the county seat of the new county of Hampden. Realize that the old deeds for the region stayed in Springfield and the old probates moved in 1794 and stayed in Northampton. The county government was abolished on 1 July 1998, but its former jurisdiction is used for state offices as a district.[1]

Historical Data

The basic data are from the historical county boundary series[2] with additions from various sources.

Dates Events
1 Aug. 1812 Hampden County set off from the northern half of Hampshire County. [Mass. Acts, 1812, Ch. 137, p. 291]
7 Feb. 1826 Narrow strips of land exchanged between this county and Tolland Co., Conn., when state boundary straightened.
7 Feb. 1831 Small gain when Palmer annexed a part of Western [now Warren], Worcester Co. [Mass. Acts, 1831, Ch. 37, p. 545]
4 May 1853
15 May 1855
Border between Tolland and Sandisfield, Berkshire Co., clarified - no change - and then redefined. [Mass. Acts, 1853, Ch. 421, Sec. 1, p. 639; 1855, Ch. 358, Sec. 1, p. 755]
9 June 1909 Large gain when Holyoke annexed a part of Northampton, Hampshire Co. [Mass. Acts, 1909, Ch. 480, Sec. 1, p. 498]
29 Mar. 1910 Border between Palmer and Ware, Hampshire Co., redefined - no change. [Mass. Acts, 1910, Ch. 471, Sec. 1, p. 422]

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

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Towns and Cities

Ma-hampden.png
The following list of present-day Hampden County towns and cities links them to their individual pages. There you will find a list of other names used for the town or city and of villages and sections of the town or city.

Agawam (1855) | Blandford (1741) | Brimfield (1731)
Chester (1765) | Chicopee (1848) | East Longmeadow (1894)
Granville (1775) | Hampden (1878) | Holland (1835)
Holyoke (1850) | Longmeadow (1783) | Ludlow (1775)
Monson (1775) | Montgomery (1780) | Palmer (1775)
Russell (1792) | Southwick (1775) | Springfield (1636)
Tolland (1810) | Wales (1775) | West Springfield (1774)
Westfield (1669) | Wilbraham (1763)



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County Histories

Works written on the county include:

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Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy Resources

Vital Records

In Massachusetts, the original vital records (of births, marriages, and deaths) have been created and maintained by the town or city in which the event occurred. In very early colonial times, copies of these records were submitted to the county, but that practice died out long before this county was established. There were marriage intentions commonly recorded in the bride's home town and additional recordings maybe found in the groom's home town and their current residence.

Massachusetts was the first state to bring a unified state-level recording of these events (but not marriage intentions) in 1841 (Boston excluded until 1850). The associated records of divorce and adoption are handled by the courts. The state has maintained a state-wide index to divorces since 1952, but adoption records will require more researching to discover.

It is easiest to start with the state vital records for events since 1841, though realize the original record is with the town or city. More details can be found on the Massachusetts Genealogy Guide page.

Birth
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Cemetery

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
USGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
MAGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
MAInterment
MAGravestones
Billion Graves
See Massachusetts Cemeteries for more information.

Census

Emigration and Immigration

Land Records

Land transfers, commonly called deeds, are recorded on the county level in Massachusetts. Not all deeds were recorded as is common practice today. The earliest transactions were charters or grants from the English Crown. Once local government was established, the colony would grant land to settlers directly or to towns to dole out. Some towns first start out as proprietorship and records were recorded there. Once towns were established, deeds were recorded on the county level.

NOTE: Hampden County holds all the original deeds of Hampshire County from its beginning in 1662 to the creation of this county in 1812.

Springfield Registry of Deeds
50 State Street
Springfield MA 01103
Phone 413-755-1722
Email hcrodsd@sec.state.ma.us

Westfield Satellite Office
59 Court Street
Westfield MA 01085
Phone 413-568-2290
Note: See registry page above for temporary location of this office (Sept. 2013).


Original records


Records are available at the Registry. Their records ONLINE are:

  • Recorded Land [i.e. deeds], 1956-present.
  • Recorded Plans, no date.
  • Registered Land [i.e. land court], no date.
  • Registered Land Plans, no date.
Original records on microfilm


Original records published


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Probate Records

Online Records

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Other Court Records

The court system can appear to be complex. The system was reorganized in 1686/1692, 1859, and 1978. Described below are the most commonly used records for history and genealogy, but realize that this list is incomplete. For more detailed information regarding court structure, see Understanding the Massachusetts Court System.

Older records are held by:
Supreme Judicial Court Archives
(administration - records stored in several off-site facilities and the Mass. Archives)
16th Floor, Highrise Court House
3 Pemberton Square
Boston MA 02109
Phone 617-557-1082
Email Elizabeth.Bouvier@sjc.state.ma.us

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Quarterly Court of General Sessions of the Peace

This court was active from 1812 to 1827. The court heard criminal cases and had authority over county affairs that included levying taxes, reviewing town bylaws, highways, licensed liquor, regulated jails, supervised the administration of the poor laws, and appointed some county officials.

The records microfilmed:

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Inferior Court of Common Pleas

This court was active from 1812 to 1859. The court heard all civil cases over 40s unless a case involved freehold or was appealed from a justice of the peace.

The records microfilmed:

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Superior Court

The Quarterly Court of General Sessions was merged into the Inferior Court of Common Pleas in 1827, and that court was reorganized in 1859 to created the Superior Court as the new lower (i.e. trial) court. It covers both criminal and civil matters.

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Supreme Judicial Court

The Supreme Judicial Court was established by the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 that combined the former Governor and Council with the Superior Court of Judicature creating the highest state court. This court hears appeals, writ of error, capital offenses, and crimes against the public good. That included divorces until that action was moved to the lower court in 1887.

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Naturalization Records

Naturalization records were created on a variety of governmental levels from the Federal down to the city at the same time. The county records for all levels are outlines below. For more information, see the Massachusetts state page for more on naturalization.

Federal Naturalization Records for Hampden


No federal records as yet digitized at NARA.

Hampden County Naturalization Records


Record Dates Location Index Microfilm/Online
Supreme Judicial Ct.
Ct. of Common Pleas
1812-1859 Judicial Archives Indexed Records, 1816-1859, at Mass. Arch. RR
Final adm. and primary declaration, 1840-1852, FHL films 1480083-1480087
Primary declaration, 1853-1877, FHL films 1479810-1479812
Primary and final papers, 1853-1874, FHL films 1479802-1479809
Index, 1812-1861, at Mass. Arch. RR
Index, 1812-1853, FHL film 1479801 Item 2
Superior Court 1860-1991 Judicial Archives Indexed Records, 1860-1945, at Mass. Arch. RR
Pending papers, 1851-1890, and dismissed papers, 1886-1887, FHL film 1479809 Items 2-3
Primary and final papers, 1853-1906, FHL films 1450861-1450864
Naturalization and final adm., 1875-1880, FHL film 1451438 (1st of 5)
Cert. of intention, 1875-1893, FHL films 1479809-1479810
Records, 1879-1906, FHL film 1480087 (1st of 9); Declarations, 1906-1931, FHL film 1450792 (1st of 28); Petitions of military personnel, 1918, FHL film 1450864 Item 2; Records, 1927-1945, FHL film 1450864 (1st of 98); Index, 1906-1989, at Mass. Arch. RR and FHL film 2132736 (1st of 23); Index, 1812-1906, FHL film 1464362-1464363; Index, 1906-1986, FHL film 1464331-1464361
Palmer
District Court
1896-1906 District courthouse, Palmer, in 1990 Indexed Docket, records, and index, 1896-1906, FHL film 1673943
Springfield
District Court
1886-1906 District courthouse, Springfield, in 1990 Indexed Declaration and naturalization, 1852-1855, FHL film 1686074 Items 1-2; Naturalization papers and index, 1885-1906, FHL film 1686074 (1st of 18); Index, 1886-1906, FHL film 1686074 Item 7
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Maps

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Migration

Map of the Catskill Road (aka Ancram Turnpike) in yellow from Springfield, Massachusetts to Ancram, Catskill, and Unadilla in New York.
Migration routes for early European settlers to and from Hampden County, Massachusetts Genealogy included:[3]

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Military Records

Revolutionary War

Hampden County Massachusetts Libraries and Genealogy Societies


For information on additional archives and repositories, see

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

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References

  1. Abolished County Governments - Secretary of State, Acts of 1997, Ch. 48, Sect. 1.
  2. Massachusetts Atlas of Historical County Boundaries
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. WorldCat entry; FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Frederic J. Wood, The Turnpikes of New England and the Evolution of the Same Through England, Virginia, and Maryland (Boston: Marshall Jones, 1919), map between 56 and 57, and 168. Internet Archive version online.
  5. Isaac Huntting, History of the Little Nine Partners of North East Precinct and Pine Plains, New York, Dutchess County (Amenia, NY: Chas. Walsh, 1897), 99-101. Google Book edition.
  6. List of turnpikes in New York in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 6 November 2014).
  7. Ancram Turnpike in Routes in the Northeastern United States: Historic Trails, Roads and Migration Routes (accessed 6 November 2014). The Ancram Turnpike went from Springield, MA to Catskill, NY; and was called the Catskill Road.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Almira E Morgan, The Catskill Turnpike: A Wilderness Path (Ithaca, N.Y.: DeWitt Historical Society of Thompkins County, 1971), 5. Online digital copy.
  9. Catskill Turnpike in Routes in the Northeastern United States: Historic Trails, Roads and Migration Routes (accessed 6 November 2014). The Catskill Turnpike went west from Catskill, NY to Bath, NY; the east part was called the Susquehanna Turnpike.
  10. Huntting, 97-99.
  11. List of turnpikes in New York in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 1 November 2014).
  12. Anastassia Zinke, The Susquehanna Turnpike and America's Frontier History in Catskill Mountain Foundation (accessed 1 November 2014).
  13. Joan Odess, The Susquehanna Turnpike (pdf accessed 1 November 2014).
  14. Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 186-88.
  15. Wood, map between 330 and 331, and 348-49.
  16. Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 203-205.
  17. Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 166-67.
  18. Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 76-78.
  19. Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 79-80.
  20. Old Connecticut Path in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 28 October 2014).
  21. Wood, 25.
  22. Boston Post Road in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 28 October 2014).
  23. Wood, map between 330 and 331, and 363-64.
Adjacent Counties: Massachusetts: Berkshire | Hampshire | Worcester
Connecticut: Hartford | Litchfield | Tolland