Hampden County, Massachusetts Genealogy
This is a historical and genealogical guide to the county of Hampden. You will find help with town histories, vital records, deeds and land records, city directories, cemetery records and cemeteries, churches, town records, newspapers, maps, and libraries.
- 1 Hampden County Massachusetts History
- 2 Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy Resources
- 3 Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy Societies
- 4 Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy References
Hampden County Massachusetts History
This region was the first settled area in western Massachusetts Bay Colony centered around Springfield that was settled in 1636. It was first incorporated as the county of Hampshire. The first settlers arrived coming up the Connecticut River valley. The King Philip's War pulled settlers back from many frontier areas in 1675. Springfield has always been the center of trade and culture for this region. When Hampshire County was last divided, Springfield was made the county seat of the new county of Hampden. Realize that the old deeds for the region stayed in Springfield and the old probates moved in 1794 and stayed in Northampton. The county government was abolished on 1 July 1998, but its former jurisdiction is used for state offices as a district.
The basic data are from the historical county boundary series with additions from various sources.
|1 Aug. 1812||Hampden County set off from the northern half of Hampshire County. [Mass. Acts, 1812, Ch. 137, p. 291]|
|7 Feb. 1826||Narrow strips of land exchanged between this county and Tolland Co., Conn., when state boundary straightened.|
|7 Feb. 1831||Small gain when Palmer annexed a part of Western [now Warren], Worcester Co. [Mass. Acts, 1831, Ch. 37, p. 545]|
| 4 May 1853
15 May 1855
|Border between Tolland and Sandisfield, Berkshire Co., clarified - no change - and then redefined. [Mass. Acts, 1853, Ch. 421, Sec. 1, p. 639; 1855, Ch. 358, Sec. 1, p. 755]|
|9 June 1909||Large gain when Holyoke annexed a part of Northampton, Hampshire Co. [Mass. Acts, 1909, Ch. 480, Sec. 1, p. 498]|
|29 Mar. 1910||Border between Palmer and Ware, Hampshire Co., redefined - no change. [Mass. Acts, 1910, Ch. 471, Sec. 1, p. 422]|
Towns and Cities
Chester (1765) | Chicopee (1848) | East Longmeadow (1894)
Granville (1775) | Hampden (1878) | Holland (1835)
Holyoke (1850) | Longmeadow (1783) | Ludlow (1775)
Monson (1775) | Montgomery (1780) | Palmer (1775)
Russell (1792) | Southwick (1775) | Springfield (1636)
Tolland (1810) | Wales (1775) | West Springfield (1774)
Westfield (1669) | Wilbraham (1763)
Works written on the county include:
- Biographical Review: this volume contains biographical sketches of the leading citizens of Hampden County, Massachusetts (Boston, 1895), 1138 pp.
WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.426 D3b and film 496791 and FHL digital book.
Digital versions at Hathi Trust and Ancestry ($).
- Joseph Carvalho III, Black Families in Hampden County, Massachusetts, 1650-1855 (Boston, 1984), 211 pp.; (Boston, 2nd ed., 2011), xxiv, 400 pp.
WorldCat (Other Libraries) and 2nd ed.; FHL book 974.426 F2c and FHL book 974.426 F2c 2011.
- Alfred Minott Copeland, ed., Our County and its People: a History of Hampden County, Massachusetts (Boston, 1902), 3v.
WorldCat (Other Libraries) and Index; Not at FHL.
Digital versions at Internet Archive (v. 1, v. 2, and v. 3), Google Books (v. 1 and v. 3), and Ancestry ($) (2v. only).
- Clifton Johnson, Hampden County, 1636-1936 (New York, 1936), 3v.
WorldCat (Other Libraries) and Index; FHL book 974.426 H2j v. 1 and 2 only (1999 rep.) and FHL book 974.426 H2j index.
- Sketches of the Churches and Pastors in Hampden County, Mass. (Westfield, Mass., 1854), viii, 144 pp.
WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.426 K2s and fiche 6019506.
Digital versions at Internet Archive, Google Books, and Ancestry ($).
- Harry Andrew Wright, ed., Indian Deeds of Hampden County, being copies of all land transfers from the Indians recorded in the county of Hampden: Massachusetts, and some deeds from other sources, together with notes and translations of Indian place names (Springfield, Mass., 1905), 194 pp.
WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.426 R2w.
Digital versions at Internet Archive, Google Books, and Ancestry ($).
- The Hampden County MAGenWeb Project, an member of The MAGenWeb Project, an affiliate of The USGenWeb Project.
- The USGenWeb Archives Project for Hampden County.
- FamilySearch.org Family History Library catalog for Hampden County.
Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy Resources
In Massachusetts, the original vital records (of births, marriages, and deaths) have been created and maintained by the town or city in which the event occurred. In very early colonial times, copies of these records were submitted to the county, but that practice died out long before this county was established. There were marriage intentions commonly recorded in the bride's home town and additional recordings maybe found in the groom's home town and their current residence.
Massachusetts was the first state to bring a unified state-level recording of these events (but not marriage intentions) in 1841 (Boston excluded until 1850). The associated records of divorce and adoption are handled by the courts. The state has maintained a state-wide index to divorces since 1952, but adoption records will require more researching to discover.
It is easiest to start with the state vital records for events since 1841, though realize the original record is with the town or city. More details can be found on the Massachusetts Genealogy Guide page.
Other Court Records
The court system can appear to be complex. The system was reorganized in 1686/1692, 1859, and 1978. Described below are the most commonly used records for history and genealogy, but realize that this list is incomplete. For more detailed information regarding court structure, see Understanding the Massachusetts Court System.
Older records are held by:
Supreme Judicial Court Archives
(administration - records stored in several off-site facilities and the Mass. Archives)
16th Floor, Highrise Court House
3 Pemberton Square
Boston MA 02109
Quarterly Court of General Sessions of the Peace
This court was active from 1812 to 1827. The court heard criminal cases and had authority over county affairs that included levying taxes, reviewing town bylaws, highways, licensed liquor, regulated jails, supervised the administration of the poor laws, and appointed some county officials.
The records microfilmed:
Inferior Court of Common Pleas
This court was active from 1812 to 1859. The court heard all civil cases over 40s unless a case involved freehold or was appealed from a justice of the peace.
The records microfilmed:
The Quarterly Court of General Sessions was merged into the Inferior Court of Common Pleas in 1827, and that court was reorganized in 1859 to created the Superior Court as the new lower (i.e. trial) court. It covers both criminal and civil matters.
Supreme Judicial Court
The Supreme Judicial Court was established by the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 that combined the former Governor and Council with the Superior Court of Judicature creating the highest state court. This court hears appeals, writ of error, capital offenses, and crimes against the public good. That included divorces until that action was moved to the lower court in 1887.
Naturalization records were created on a variety of governmental levels from the Federal down to the city at the same time. The county records for all levels are outlines below. For more information, see the Massachusetts state page for more on naturalization.
No federal records as yet digitized at NARA.
| Supreme Judicial Ct.
Ct. of Common Pleas
|1812-1859||Judicial Archives||Indexed|| Records, 1816-1859, at Mass. Arch. RR|
Final adm. and primary declaration, 1840-1852, FHL films 1480083-1480087
Primary declaration, 1853-1877, FHL films 1479810-1479812
Primary and final papers, 1853-1874, FHL films 1479802-1479809
Index, 1812-1861, at Mass. Arch. RR
Index, 1812-1853, FHL film 1479801 Item 2
|Superior Court||1860-1991||Judicial Archives||Indexed|| Records, 1860-1945, at Mass. Arch. RR|
Pending papers, 1851-1890, and dismissed papers, 1886-1887, FHL film 1479809 Items 2-3
Primary and final papers, 1853-1906, FHL films 1450861-1450864
Naturalization and final adm., 1875-1880, FHL film 1451438 (1st of 5)
Cert. of intention, 1875-1893, FHL films 1479809-1479810
Records, 1879-1906, FHL film 1480087 (1st of 9); Declarations, 1906-1931, FHL film 1450792 (1st of 28); Petitions of military personnel, 1918, FHL film 1450864 Item 2; Records, 1927-1945, FHL film 1450864 (1st of 98); Index, 1906-1989, at Mass. Arch. RR and FHL film 2132736 (1st of 23); Index, 1812-1906, FHL film 1464362-1464363; Index, 1906-1986, FHL film 1464331-1464361
|1896-1906||District courthouse, Palmer, in 1990||Indexed||Docket, records, and index, 1896-1906, FHL film 1673943|
|1886-1906||District courthouse, Springfield, in 1990||Indexed||Declaration and naturalization, 1852-1855, FHL film 1686074 Items 1-2; Naturalization papers and index, 1885-1906, FHL film 1686074 (1st of 18); Index, 1886-1906, FHL film 1686074 Item 7|
Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy Societies
Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy References
- Abolished County Governments - Secretary of State, Acts of 1997, Ch. 48, Sect. 1.
- Massachusetts Atlas of Historical County Boundaries
Connecticut: Hartford | Litchfield | Tolland