# Difference between revisions of "Help:Wiki markup"

 This help article will guide you as you edit in the Wiki. See Contributor Help for more help articles.

Wiki markup is the text you use to format a FamilySearch Wiki page.

### Links and URLs

The following characters are used to create links: [[ ]], [ ], ~~~~, ~~~, http, ISBN, RFC & {{ }}, as denoted by the following sections:

 To Do: Change the examples to be more relevant to FamilySearch Wiki
What it looks like What you type

The character tilde (~) is used when adding a comment to a Talk page. You should sign your comment by appending four tildes (~~~~) to the comment so as to add your user name plus date/time:

User:Patricia Zhang 13:40, Jan 14, 2007 (UTC)

Adding three tildes (~~~) will add just your user name:

User:Patricia Zhang

and adding five tildes (~~~~~) gives the date/time alone:

13:40, Jan 14, 2007 (UTC)
• The first two both provide a link to your user page.

The character '''tilde''' (~) is used when adding a comment to a Talk page. You should sign your comment by appending four tildes (~~~~) to the comment so as to add your user name plus date/time:
:~~~~
Adding three tildes (~~~) will add just your user name:
: ~~~
and adding five tildes (~~~~~) gives the date/time alone:
: ~~~~~

(Redirects)

• Redirect one article title to another by placing a directive like the one shown to the right on the first line of the article (such as at a page titled "USA").
• It is possible to redirect to a section. For example, a redirect to United States#History will redirect to the History section of the United States page, if it exists.

#REDIRECT [[United States]]

#REDIRECT [[United States#History]] will redirect to the [[United States]] page, to the History section, if it exists

What links here and Related changes pages can be linked as:

'''What links here''' and '''Related changes''' pages can be linked as:Special:WhatLinkshere/Help:Wiki markup andSpecial:RecentChangeslinked/ Help:Wiki markup

Dates

Use links for dates, so everyone can set their own display order. Use Special:Preferences to change your own date display setting.
July 20 1969 20 July 1969 and 1969-07-20

[[July 20]] [[1969]]
[[20 July]] [[1969]]
and [[1969]]-[[07-20]]

Linking to old revisions of pages, diffs, and specific history pages

External link function is used for these as [[page]] will not work.
Open an old revision or diff and copy the url, pasting it where you want it, e.g. previous edit

[http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?
title=Help:Wiki_markup&diff=330350877&oldid=330349143 previous edit]

(User edits)

A user's Contributions page can be linked as: Special:Contributions/UserName or Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0

A user's '''Contributions''' page can be linked as: [[Special:Contributions/UserName]] or [[Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0]]

(Categorize)

• To put an article in a category, place a link like the one to the right anywhere in the article. As with interlanguage links, it does not matter where you put these links while editing as they will always show up in the same place when you save the page, but placement at the end of the edit box is recommended.

[[Category:Character sets]]

(Book sources)

Link to a book using alternate text, such as its title.

• Link to books using their ISBN. This is preferred to linking to a specific online bookstore, because it gives the reader a choice of vendors. However, if one bookstore or online service provides additional free information, such as table of contents or excerpts from the text, then a link to that source will aid the user and is recommended. ISBN links do not need any extra markup, provided you use one of the indicated formats.
• To create a link to Book Sources using alternate text (e.g. the book's title), use the internal link style with the appropriate namespace.

ISBN 012345678X

ISBN 0-12-345678-X

[[Special:BookSources/0670037818|alternate text, such as its title]]

(RFC number)

Text mentioning an RFC number anywhere, e.g. RFC 4321.

Text mentioning an RFC number anywhere, e.g. RFC 4321.

(“As of” tag)

As of” tags like "As of April 2009" and "as of April 2009" categorize info that will need updating.

“[[WP:As of|As of]]” tags like "{{As of|2009|4|df=us}}" and "{{As of|2009|4|df=us|lc=on}}" categorize info that will need updating.

## Images

Only images that have been uploaded to Wikipedia can be used. To upload images, use the upload page. You can find the uploaded image on the image list.

What it looks like What you type
A picture:

A picture:
[[Image:wiki.png]]
With alternative text:

With alternative text:
[[Image:wiki.png|alt=Puzzle globe logo]]
• Alternative text, used when the image is unavailable or when the image is loaded in a text-only browser, or when spoken aloud, is strongly encouraged. See Alternative text for images for help on choosing it.
Floating to the right side of the page using the frame attribute and a caption:
Wiki.png

Floating to the right side of the page
using the ''frame'' attribute and a caption:
[[Image:wiki.png|frame|alt=Puzzle globe logo|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]
• The frame tag automatically floats the image right.
• The last parameter is the caption that appears below the image.
Floating to the right side of the page using the thumb attribute and a caption:
Wiki.png

Floating to the right side of the page
using the ''thumb'' attribute and a caption:
[[Image:wiki.png|thumb|alt=Puzzle globe logo|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]
• The thumb tag automatically floats the image right.
• An enlarge icon is placed in the lower right corner.
Floating to the right side of the page without a caption:
Floating to the right side of the page
''without'' a caption:
[[Image:wiki.png|right|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]
A picture resized to 30 pixels...

A picture resized to 30 pixels...
[[Image:wiki.png|30 px|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]
Linking directly to the description page of an image:
Linking directly to the description page
of an image:
[[:Image:wiki.png]]
• Clicking on an image displayed on a page (such as any of the ones above) also leads to the description page.
Linking directly to an image without displaying it:
Linking directly to an image
without displaying it:
[[Media:wiki.png|Image of the jigsaw globe logo]]
• To include links to images shown as links instead of drawn on the page, use a "media" link.
Using the span and div tag to separate images from text (note that this may allow images to cover text):
Example:
<div style="display:inline;
width:220px; float:right;">
Place images here </div>
Using wiki markup to make a table in which to place a vertical column of images (this helps edit links match headers, especially in Firefox browsers):
Example: {| align=right
|-
|
Place images here
|}


See the Wikipedia's image use policy as a guideline used on Wikipedia.

For further help on images, including some more versatile abilities, see the picture tutorial.

### Lists

Bullet or numbered lists can be created using Wiki text.

Headings are used to split articles into sections.

## Text formatting

You can format your text using wiki markup.

### Special characters

Symbols and other special characters can be inserted using Wiki text.

## No or limited formatting

—showing exactly what is being typed A few different kinds of formatting will tell the Wiki to display things as you typed them — what you see, is what you get!

What it looks like What you type
<nowiki> tag:

The nowiki tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''. It reformats text by removing newlines and multiple spaces. It still interprets special characters: →

<nowiki>
The nowiki tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It reformats text by removing newlines
and multiple spaces.
It still interprets special
characters: →
</nowiki>

<pre> tag:
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat text.
It still interprets special characters: →

<pre>
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat text.
It still interprets special characters:
→
</pre>

Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the beginning of each line
stops the text   from being reformatted.
It still interprets Wiki markup and
special characters: →

Leading spaces are another way
to preserve formatting.
Putting a space at the beginning of each line
stops the text   from being reformatted.
It still interprets [[Wiki]] ''markup'' and
special characters: →


## Invisible text (comments)

It's uncommon, but on occasion acceptable for notes to other editors ( see MOS ), to add a hidden comment within the text of an article. These comments are only visible when editing or viewing the source of a page. Most comments should go on the appropriate Talk page. The format is to surround the hidden text with and may cover several lines, e.g.:

<!-- An example of hidden comments
This won't be visible except in "edit" mode. -->



## Tables

There are two ways to build tables:

• in special Wiki-markup (see Table)
• Using HTML elements: <table>, <tr>, <td> or <th>.

For the latter, and a discussion on when tables are appropriate, see When to use tables.

## Templates and Transcluding Pages

Main article: Wikipedia:Transclusion

Templates are segments of Wiki markup that are meant to be copied automatically ("transcluded") into a page. You add them by putting the template's name in {{double braces}}. It is also possible to transclude other pages by using {{:colon and double braces}}.

There are three pairs of tags that can be used in Wikitext to control how transclusion affects parts of a template or article. They determine whether or not wikitext renders, either in its own article, which we will call "here", or in another article where it is transcluded, which we will call "there".

• <noinclude>: the content will not be rendered there. These tags have no effect here.
• <includeonly>: the content will render only there, and will not render here (like Invisible ink made visible by means of transclusion).
• <onlyinclude>: the content will render here and will render there, but it will only render there what is between these tags.

There can be several such section "elements". Also, they can be nested. All possible renderings are achievable. For example, to render there one or more sections of the page here use <onlyinclude> tags. To append text there, wrap the addition in <includeonly> tags above, within, or below the section. To omit portions of the section, nest <noinclude> tags within it.

If a page is transcluded without transclusion markup, it may cause an unintentional categorization. Any page transcluding it will contain the same category as the original page. Wrap the category markup with <noinclude> tags to prevent incorrect categorization.

Some templates take parameters, as well, which you separate with the pipe character.

What it looks like What you type
{{Transclusion demo}}

{{Help:Transclusion Demo}}


This template takes two parameters, and creates underlined text with a hover box for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

Hover your mouse over this text

Go to this page to see the H:title template itself: {{H:title}}

This template takes two parameters, and
creates underlined text with a hover box
for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

{{H:title|This is the hover text|
Hover your mouse over this text}}

Go to this page to see the H:title template
itself: {{tl|H:title}}


## Variables

Variables are supported. They are often used in creating templates. See a list at Help:Magic words.

## HTML

Many HTML tags can be used in in Wiki markup, see Help:Formatting for a list.

 Questions? Visit the Get Help to receive help with contributing to the Wiki.