Difference between revisions of "Hesse Darmstadt (Landgrave)"

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Hesse-Darmstadt was a [[Germany Nobility|German noble family]].&nbsp; When the [[Hanau-Lichtenberg|Hanau-Lichtenberg]] line was extinguished in 1736 its lands were inherited by Hesse-Darmstadt. <br>  
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Hesse-Darmstadt was a [[Germany Nobility|German noble family]].&nbsp; <br>  
  
Darmstadt was the residence (capital)&nbsp;of the ruling landgraves (1567–1806) and of the Grand Dukes of Hesse (1806-1918).<br>  
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Darmstadt was the residence (capital) of the ruling landgraves (1567–1806) and of the Grand Dukes of Hesse (1806-1918).<br>
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When the [[Hanau-Lichtenberg|Hanau-Lichtenberg]] line was extinguished in 1736 a portion of its lands were inherited by Louis IX, a grandson of the last Count - Johann Reinhard III.&nbsp; Louis IX ruled his inheritance under the regency of his father until he became of age in 1740.&nbsp; He then ruled his lands in his own right with a residence in the capital of that area, Buchsweiler (Bouxwiller, France).&nbsp; A royal residence was maintained there until 1765 when his wife moved her residence to Darmstadt.&nbsp; Louis&nbsp; IX maintained a residence at Pirmasens. Three years later on the death of his father, Louis IX became the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt.&nbsp; (Note:&nbsp; This is a simplification of the jurisdiction of these lands and the residences of this royal family)<br>  
  
 
A history in English may be found at the Wikipedia article [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landgraviate_of_Hesse-Darmstadt Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt].<br>  
 
A history in English may be found at the Wikipedia article [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landgraviate_of_Hesse-Darmstadt Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt].<br>  
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| <br>  
 
| <br>  
| <center>'''List of the Landgraves ''(Landgraf)'' of Hesse-Darmstadt'''<br>1736-1806</center>  
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| <center>'''List of the Landgraves ''(Landgraf)'' of Hesse-Darmstadt'''<br>1678-1806</center>
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| <center>Reigned</center><br>
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|-
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| <br>
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| [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernest_Louis,_Landgrave_of_Hesse-Darmstadt Ernest Louis] <br>(German spelling with link to German wiki [https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_Ludwig_%28Hessen-Darmstadt,_Landgraf%29 Ernst Ludwig])
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| 1678-1739<br>  
 
| <br>
 
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
| 1.<br>  
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| <br>  
| [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_VIII,_Landgrave_of_Hesse-Darmstadt Louis VIII]<br>  
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| [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_VIII,_Landgrave_of_Hesse-Darmstadt Louis VIII]<br> (German spelling with link to German wiki [https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_VIII._%28Hessen-Darmstadt%29 Ludwig VIII])
| 1736-1768<br>
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| 1739-1768<br>
 
|-
 
|-
| 2.<br>  
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| <br>  
| [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_IX,_Landgrave_of_Hesse-Darmstadt Louis IX]<br>  
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| [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_IX,_Landgrave_of_Hesse-Darmstadt Louis IX]<br> (German spelling with link to German wiki [https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_IX._%28Hessen-Darmstadt%29 Ludwig IX])
 
| 1768-1790<br>
 
| 1768-1790<br>
 
|-
 
|-
| 3.<br>  
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| .<br>  
 
|  
 
|  
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_I_of_Hesse-Darmstadt Louis X]  
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_I_of_Hesse-Darmstadt Louis X] <br> (German spelling with link to German wiki [https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_I._%28Hessen-Darmstadt%29 Ludwig X])<br> ''In 1806 this Landgrave was elevated to Grand Duke and took the name of Grand Duke Louis I''
 
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In 1806 this Landgrave was elevated to Grand Duke and took the name of Grand Duke Louis I  
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| 1790-1806<br>
 
| 1790-1806<br>
 
|}
 
|}
  
<br>  
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<br> [http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/Hessen-Darmstadt/Staats-_und_Adresskalender_1785 Hessen-Darmstadt/Staats- und Adresskalender 1785]<br>  
 
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[http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/Hessen-Darmstadt/Staats-_und_Adresskalender_1785 Hessen-Darmstadt/Staats- und Adresskalender 1785]<br>  
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Walther, A.F. ''Briefwechsel der „Grossen Landgräfin“ Caroline von Hessen''. 2 volumes. Wien: Wilhelm Braumüller, 1877. Digital images. ''Google Books''. [https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=vjkBAAAAQAAJ https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=vjkBAAAAQAAJ] : 2014.<br>
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Walther, A.F. ''Briefwechsel der „Grossen Landgräfin“ Caroline von Hessen''. 2 volumes. Wien: Wilhelm Braumüller, 1877. Digital images. ''Google Books''. [https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=vjkBAAAAQAAJ https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=vjkBAAAAQAAJ]&nbsp;: 2014. (This is the wife of Louis IX)<br>  
  
 
[[Category:Germany]]
 
[[Category:Germany]]

Revision as of 06:40, 24 April 2014

Hesse-Darmstadt was a German noble family

Darmstadt was the residence (capital) of the ruling landgraves (1567–1806) and of the Grand Dukes of Hesse (1806-1918).

When the Hanau-Lichtenberg line was extinguished in 1736 a portion of its lands were inherited by Louis IX, a grandson of the last Count - Johann Reinhard III.  Louis IX ruled his inheritance under the regency of his father until he became of age in 1740.  He then ruled his lands in his own right with a residence in the capital of that area, Buchsweiler (Bouxwiller, France).  A royal residence was maintained there until 1765 when his wife moved her residence to Darmstadt.  Louis  IX maintained a residence at Pirmasens. Three years later on the death of his father, Louis IX became the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt.  (Note:  This is a simplification of the jurisdiction of these lands and the residences of this royal family)

A history in English may be found at the Wikipedia article Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt.



List of the Landgraves (Landgraf) of Hesse-Darmstadt
1678-1806
Reigned


Ernest Louis
(German spelling with link to German wiki Ernst Ludwig)
1678-1739


Louis VIII
(German spelling with link to German wiki Ludwig VIII)
1739-1768

Louis IX
(German spelling with link to German wiki Ludwig IX)
1768-1790
.

Louis X
(German spelling with link to German wiki Ludwig X)
In 1806 this Landgrave was elevated to Grand Duke and took the name of Grand Duke Louis I

1790-1806


Hessen-Darmstadt/Staats- und Adresskalender 1785

Walther, A.F. Briefwechsel der „Grossen Landgräfin“ Caroline von Hessen. 2 volumes. Wien: Wilhelm Braumüller, 1877. Digital images. Google Books. https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=vjkBAAAAQAAJ : 2014. (This is the wife of Louis IX)