Hoopa Valley Indian Agency (California)
Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency
After 1869, the Wailaki, Saia, and Mattole
The Hoopa Valley Agency was established in 1864 and was responsible for the Hupa Indians on the Hoopa Valley Reservation along the Trinity River in northern California, and the Klamath Indians nearby. After 1869, they also had responsibility for the Indians who moved there from the Smith River Reservation. It was enlarged in the early 1890s and from the early 1900s has had control over all nonreservation Indians in Humboldt and Del Norte Counties. It was made an area field office in 1956 and placed under the Sacramento Area Office.
Agents and appointment dates
Robert L. Stockton October 14, 1864, William H. Pratt July 19, 1867, Lt. J. L. Spalding June 11, 1869, Capt. S. G. Whipple April 21, 1870, David H. Lowry September 30, 1871, Everett K. Dodge September 30, 1872, James S. Broaddus May 15, 1877, Lt. Gordon Winslow (acting) October 22, 1878, Capt. E. B. Savage (acting) August 1, 1880
Many of the records BIA field offices of California and Nevada, including those of the Hoopa Valley Agency, have been transferred to the Pacific Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in San Francisco. Among the records at the Regional Archives which may be of particular interest to genealogists and family historians are:
- Employment records, 1880-1910
- Health and sanitary records, 1886-1954
- Wills, 1891-1908
- Court records, 1895-1935
- Birth and death records, 1902-1946
- School records, 1907-1943
- School census rolls, 1911-1942
- Land and land allotment records
- and others
Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1885-1897, 1899-1907 and 1915 thru 1939. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 182-187. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm numbers 576871-576876). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.
- The following groups of Indians were included in the Indian census rolls for the years indicated:
- 1915-1917 -- Indians from Hoopa Valley, Klamath River (connecting strip in Hoopa Valley), and Lower Klamath River
- 1918-1935 -- Indians from Hoopa Valley, Klamath River (connecting strip in Hoopa Valley), Lower Klamath River, Bear River Rancheria, Blue Lake Rancheria, Crescent River Rancheria, Eel River Rancheria, and Smith River Rancheria
- 1936-1939 -- Indians from Hoopa Valley, Bear River Rancheria, Blue Lake Rancheria, Crescent River Rancheria, Eel River Rancheria, and Smith River Rancheria
The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation. The census includes the non-Indian employees of the Hoopa Valley Agency, as well as many pages of Indian Population Schedules for the native population of the Reservation. They are recorded as District 207, Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation, in Humboldt County, California.
Census Records, 1904-1942. FHL films: 976970-976974
Land claims and Survery, 1899-1919. FHL film: 976978
Record of Employees, 1880-1911. FHL film: 976979 item 2
Wills, 1891-1908. FHL film: 976979 item 1
School Records, 1896-1942. FHL film: 984103, 976975-976977, 984102
Vital Records, 1902-1947. FHL films: 984101, 976968-976969
Sanitary Records, 1886-1904. FHL film: 928522 item 7
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 23.
- Guide to Archival Holdings, Pacific Regional Archives of National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in San Francisco, Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Available online.
- Guide to Federal Records, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75. Available online.
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M595, p. 51.
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online