Difference between revisions of "Hungary, Jewish Vital Records Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{Record_Search_article
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[[Hungary Genealogy|Hungary]]
|location=Hungary
 
|CID=CID1787825
 
|title=Hungary, Jewish Vital Records|scheduled=}} <br>
 
 
 
== Title in the Language of the Records  ==
 
 
 
Magyarország, Zsidó Anyakönyvek
 
  
== Record Description  ==
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{{Hungary HR Infobox
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| CID = CID1787825
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| title = Hungary, Jewish Vital Records, 1800-1945
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| location = Hungary
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| LOC_01 =  
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| LOC_02 =
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| loc_map =
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| record_type = Jewish Vital Records
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| start_year = 1800
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| end_year = 1945
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| language = Hungarian
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| title_language = Magyarország, Zsidó Anyakönyvek
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| FS_URL_01 = [[Hungary Beginning Research]]
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| FS_URL_02 = [[Hungary Genealogy|Hungary]]
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| FS_URL_03 = [[Hungary Jewish Records|Hungary Jewish Records]]
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| FS_URL_04 =
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| FS_URL_05 =
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| FS_URL_06 =
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Hungary/ JewishGen Hungary Database]
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| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.jewishgen.org/Hungary/ JewishGen Hungarian Jewish Genealogy]
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| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.barbsnow.net/Hungary.htm Researching Your Hungarian Ancestors]
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| RW_URL_04 =
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| RW_URL_06 =
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| RW_URL_07 =
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| RW_URL_08 =
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| RW_URL_09 =
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| RW_URL_10 =
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| custodian =
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}}
  
This collection covers records for the years 1800 to 1945.  
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
 
+
This collection consists of vital records of Jewish individuals in Hungary for the years 1800 to 1945. The original records are held in county archives under the direction of the National Archives of Hungary [Országos Leveltár] in Budapest. Records that are not part of this collection may be accessible for research by correspondence, or researchers can get permission to research the records in person at the archives.
Jews in Hungary generally did not keep vital records unless required to do so by law. In 1781, the Emperor Joseph II issued the Toleration Patent, which recognized Judaism throughout the empire. Jews did not use fixed surnames until 1788 when another patent required them to adopt and use German surnames.  
 
  
 
Beginning in 1788, Jews were required to keep records of births, marriages, and deaths in German under Catholic supervision. Because these records were required for conscription and taxation purposes, Jews often evaded registration. The law was reemphasized several times during the early 1800s. Most Jewish communities did not actually start keeping records until the practice was again codified into law in 1840. In 1885, the Hungarian Royal Ministry of Cults required Jewish vital births, marriages, and deaths to be recorded in vital registers that included several congregations in a sub-district rather than in registers for each individual congregation. Exceptions were allowed when individual congregations paid to have their own registrar. With the beginning of civil registration in 1895, Jewish registers ceased to be official state documents.  
 
Beginning in 1788, Jews were required to keep records of births, marriages, and deaths in German under Catholic supervision. Because these records were required for conscription and taxation purposes, Jews often evaded registration. The law was reemphasized several times during the early 1800s. Most Jewish communities did not actually start keeping records until the practice was again codified into law in 1840. In 1885, the Hungarian Royal Ministry of Cults required Jewish vital births, marriages, and deaths to be recorded in vital registers that included several congregations in a sub-district rather than in registers for each individual congregation. Exceptions were allowed when individual congregations paid to have their own registrar. With the beginning of civil registration in 1895, Jewish registers ceased to be official state documents.  
  
Jews constituted between 4% and 5% of the total population. Few Jews were recorded until the 1840s, after which 80% to 95% of the Jewish population was covered.  
+
Some of the earliest Jewish records have not been preserved and, in many cases, have missing years. Often only the transcripts remain, and the originals are unaccounted for.
  
Beginning in 1788, Jews were required to keep records of births, marriages, and deaths. Jewish vital records establish individual identity and are excellent for family and relationship linkage. They identify names of parents, prove other relationships, and are very useful for linking generations.
+
== Collection Content ==
 
+
This collection contains birth, marriage, and death records. Birth records are the most common in the collection, making up about half of the total records, followed by death records, with marriage records making up the smallest portion of the collection.
Jewish vital records are extremely reliable and accurate family history sources, more so than census and other records. Ages, birth dates, and birthplaces found in marriage and death entries are only as accurate as the informant’s memory. This is the most reliable record for birth, marriage, and death dates.  
 
 
 
<br> Jewish vital records are held in county archives under the direction of the National Archives of Hungary [Országos Leveltár] in Budapest. Records that are not part of this collection may be accessible for research by correspondence, or researchers can get permission to research the records in person at the archives. Research by correspondence is often quite slow and costly.
 
 
 
Some of the earliest Jewish records have not been preserved and, in many cases, have missing years. Often only the transcripts remain, and the originals are unaccounted for. These records are kept under good storage conditions but are subject to catastrophes.
 
 
 
The records for births, marriages, and deaths mostly consist of bound volumes with entries on two facing pages. The images were scanned from microfilm copies of the originals.  
 
 
 
== Record Content &nbsp; ==
 
 
 
<gallery caption="Hungary, Jewish Vital Records Examples" perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
 
Image:Hungary Jewish Vital Records (09-0541) Image File 1 Birth.jpg|Birth Record Example 1
 
Image:Hungary Jewish Vital Records (09-0541) Image File 1 Marriage.jpg|Marriage Record Example 1
 
Image:Hungary Jewish Vital Records (09-0541) Image File 1 Death.jpg|Death Record Example 1
 
Image:Hungary Jewish Vital Records (09-0541) Image File 2 Birth.jpg|Birth Record Example 2
 
Image:Hungary Jewish Vital Records (09-0541) Image File 2 Marriage.jpg|Marriage Record Example 2
 
Image:Hungary Jewish Vital Records (09-0541) Image File 2 Death.jpg|Death Record Example 2
 
</gallery>
 
 
 
<br>&nbsp;
 
 
 
'''Key genealogical facts found in a birth record are the following:<br>'''
 
  
 +
== What Can This Collection Tell Me? ==
 +
The following lists indicate potential information given in each type of record. It must be remembered that every record may not provide all the listed information, as record-keeping practices often varied by time and location. 
 +
{| style="width:75%; vertical-align:top;" 
 +
|- 
 +
|style=" vertical-align:top; width:25%;"| 
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'''Birth Records''' may contain:<br>
 
*Child’s name  
 
*Child’s name  
 
*Date of birth  
 
*Date of birth  
Line 52: Line 61:
 
*Child’s place of birth  
 
*Child’s place of birth  
 
*Midwife’s name  
 
*Midwife’s name  
*For a boy, date of circumcision and who performed it
+
*For a boy, date of circumcision and the officiating rabbi
 
*For a girl, date of naming  
 
*For a girl, date of naming  
 
*Witnesses’ names  
 
*Witnesses’ names  
 
*Death date of infants who died in the year of birth
 
*Death date of infants who died in the year of birth
 
+
|style=" vertical-align:top; width:25%;"| 
'''Key genealogical facts found in a marriage record are the following:<br>'''
+
'''Marriage Records''' may contain:<br>  
 
 
 
*Groom’s name, occupation, and place of birth  
 
*Groom’s name, occupation, and place of birth  
 
*Names of the groom’s parents and their residence  
 
*Names of the groom’s parents and their residence  
Line 67: Line 75:
 
*Date and place of the marriage  
 
*Date and place of the marriage  
 
*Proclamations, witnesses’ names, and the officiating rabbi’s name
 
*Proclamations, witnesses’ names, and the officiating rabbi’s name
 
+
|style=" vertical-align:top; width:25%;"| 
'''Key genealogical facts found in a death record are the following:<br>'''
+
'''Death Records''' may contain:<br>  
 
 
 
*Deceased’s name, occupation, place of birth, gender, status, and age  
 
*Deceased’s name, occupation, place of birth, gender, status, and age  
 
*Cause of death  
 
*Cause of death  
Line 75: Line 82:
 
*Date and place of burial  
 
*Date and place of burial  
 
*Parents’ names and occupations
 
*Parents’ names and occupations
 +
|}
  
Please note that the information contained in the genealogical records vary. Not all of the genealogical facts listed above may appear in every record.  
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 +
Before beginning a search in these records, it is best to know the full name of the individual in question, as well as an approximate time range for the desired record. When entered into the search engine on the Collection Page, this information provides the quickest, most reliable path to finding the correct person. Of course, other information can be substituted as necessary.
  
== How to Use the Record  ==
+
=== Search by Name by Visiting the Collection Page ===
 +
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page to return a list of possible matches. Compare the individuals on the list with what is already known to find the correct family or person. This step may require examining multiple individuals before a match is located.
  
Use these Jewish vital records to identify ancestors (individuals, their parents, and their spouses) and make family connections.
+
=== For Help Reading These Records  ===
 +
These records are in Hungarian. For help reading the records, see the following resources:
 +
*[[Hungary Language and Languages]]
 +
*[[Hungary Genealogical Word List]]
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
{{Tip | More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1787825 Hungary, Jewish vital records index, 1800-1945]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.}}
  
*[http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Hungary/ JewishGen Hungary Database]
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
*[http://www.jewishgen.org/Hungary/ JewishGen Hungarian Jewish Genealogy]
+
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*Make sure to fully transcribe and cite the index entry for future reference; see below for assistance in citing this collection.
 +
*Look at the microfilm of the original record, if possible. The online index entry generally lists only the most basic identifying information for an individual; the original record may contain further information which was not included in the index. Save or print a copy of the image if possible.
 +
*Use the information which has been discovered to find more. For instance, use the age listed in the record to estimate a year of birth, if that is yet undetermined.
 +
*If in the appropriate period, use the information which has been discovered to find the individual in civil records. Particularly useful for research in nineteenth-century England are the [[England Census]] and the [[England Civil Registration]] records.
 +
*Continue to search the index to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives. Note that family members often appear on an individual's vital records, such as in the role of witnesses to a marriage.
 +
 +
=== I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*The index entry might be inaccurate. If possible, look at the microfilm of the actual record to verify the information listed in the index.
 +
*When looking for a person with a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which individual is correct. Use other information, such as place of birth, age, occupation, or names of parents, to determine which candidate is the correct person. If listed, a personal title may be a clue to property ownership or occupation, either of which might be noted in other records.
 +
*Check for variants of given names and surnames. An individual might appear under a different name in a record for a variety of reasons:  
 +
**An individual might have been listed under a middle name, nickname, or abbreviation of their given name.
 +
**Spelling was not standardized for much of the period of this collection, so names were often spelled as they were pronounced. Pay attention to how the name should have been pronounced and try spelling variations that could have that pronunciation.
 +
** It was not uncommon for a woman to revert to her maiden name after the death of her husband.
 +
*Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name or surname to return broader list of possible candidates which can then be examined for matches. Alternatively, try expanding the date range; this is especially useful in searching baptismal records, as it was not unusual for a child to be baptized weeks or even months after birth.  
 +
*Search the records of nearby parishes. While it was uncommon for an individual in this period to move more than about 20 miles from their place of birth, smaller relocations were not uncommon.
 +
 +
For additional help searching online collections see [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
== Citing this Collection ==
 +
Citing sources correctly makes it easier to refer to information which has already been discovered; proper citations are therefore key to keeping track of genealogical research. Following established citation formats also allows others to verify completed research by helping them find and examine records for themselves.
  
*[[Hungary Jewish Records|Hungary Jewish Records]]
+
To be of use, citations must include information such as the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records, if available. The following examples demonstrate how to present this information for both this particular collection as well as individual records within the collection:
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/2/24/Jewish_Genealogy_Research_Outline.pdf Jewish Genealogy Research Outline]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
<br><br> '''Collection Citation''':<br>
 +
"Hungary, Jewish Vital Records Index, 1800-1945." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Magyar Orszagos Leveltar, Budapest (Hungary State Archives, Budapest, and county archives, Hungary).
  
{{Contributor_invite}}
+
<br> <br> '''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br>  
 
+
{{Record Citation Link
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
|CID=CID1787825
 
+
|title=Hungary, Jewish Vital Records, 1800-1945
When you copy information from the record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find th record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you do not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
}}
 
 
The suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article:[[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
 
 
 
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection:  ====
 
 
 
"Netherlands, Civil Registration, 1792-1952." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 25 March 2011.) entry for Roelof Dijkstra and Geertruid Knopers, married 13 March 1891; citing Civil Registrations, inventory number 123.04662; Rijksarcheifdienst, Netherlands.<br>  
 
 
 
== Sources of This Collection  ==
 
 
 
“Hungary, Jewish Vital Records, 1800-1945,” database, FamilySearch Record Search ([ https://familysearch.org/ Record Search]); from Magyar Orszagos Leveltar (Hungary). “Index of Jewish vital records from the Kingdom of Hungary". Magyar Orszagos Leveltar (Hungary), Budapest. FHL microfilm, 26 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.
 
 
 
==== How to Cite Your Sources  ====
 
 
 
[[Cite Your Sources (Source Footnotes)|Click here for]] instructions on citing specific records or images within this collection. A full bibliographic record is available in the Family History Library Catalog.<br>
 
  
&nbsp;
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
 +
{{Contributor_invite}}
 +
[[Category:Hungary FamilySearch Historical Records]]
  
[[Category:Hungary|Jewish]]
+
{{H-langs|en=Hungary, Jewish Vital Records Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Hungria, Índice de Registros Vitais Judaicos (Históricos do FamilySearch)}}

Latest revision as of 13:52, 21 June 2017

Hungary

Access the Records
Hungary, Jewish Vital Records, 1800-1945 .
CID1787825
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Hungary
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HU Locator Map Hungary.png
Record Description
Record Type: Jewish Vital Records
Collection years: 1800-1945
Languages: Hungarian
Title in the Language: Magyarország, Zsidó Anyakönyvek
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive


What is in the Collection?

This collection consists of vital records of Jewish individuals in Hungary for the years 1800 to 1945. The original records are held in county archives under the direction of the National Archives of Hungary [Országos Leveltár] in Budapest. Records that are not part of this collection may be accessible for research by correspondence, or researchers can get permission to research the records in person at the archives.

Beginning in 1788, Jews were required to keep records of births, marriages, and deaths in German under Catholic supervision. Because these records were required for conscription and taxation purposes, Jews often evaded registration. The law was reemphasized several times during the early 1800s. Most Jewish communities did not actually start keeping records until the practice was again codified into law in 1840. In 1885, the Hungarian Royal Ministry of Cults required Jewish vital births, marriages, and deaths to be recorded in vital registers that included several congregations in a sub-district rather than in registers for each individual congregation. Exceptions were allowed when individual congregations paid to have their own registrar. With the beginning of civil registration in 1895, Jewish registers ceased to be official state documents.

Some of the earliest Jewish records have not been preserved and, in many cases, have missing years. Often only the transcripts remain, and the originals are unaccounted for.

Collection Content

This collection contains birth, marriage, and death records. Birth records are the most common in the collection, making up about half of the total records, followed by death records, with marriage records making up the smallest portion of the collection.

What Can This Collection Tell Me?

The following lists indicate potential information given in each type of record. It must be remembered that every record may not provide all the listed information, as record-keeping practices often varied by time and location.

Birth Records may contain:

  • Child’s name
  • Date of birth
  • Gender
  • Legitimacy
  • Father’s name, occupation, and place of birth
  • Mother’s name, maiden name, and place of birth
  • Parents’ residence
  • Child’s place of birth
  • Midwife’s name
  • For a boy, date of circumcision and the officiating rabbi
  • For a girl, date of naming
  • Witnesses’ names
  • Death date of infants who died in the year of birth

Marriage Records may contain:

  • Groom’s name, occupation, and place of birth
  • Names of the groom’s parents and their residence
  • Groom’s residence, age, and previous marital status
  • Bride’s name and place of birth
  • Names of the bride’s parents and their residence
  • Bride’s residence, age, and marital status
  • Date and place of the marriage
  • Proclamations, witnesses’ names, and the officiating rabbi’s name

Death Records may contain:

  • Deceased’s name, occupation, place of birth, gender, status, and age
  • Cause of death
  • Date and place of death
  • Date and place of burial
  • Parents’ names and occupations

How Do I Search the Collection?

Before beginning a search in these records, it is best to know the full name of the individual in question, as well as an approximate time range for the desired record. When entered into the search engine on the Collection Page, this information provides the quickest, most reliable path to finding the correct person. Of course, other information can be substituted as necessary.

Search by Name by Visiting the Collection Page

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page to return a list of possible matches. Compare the individuals on the list with what is already known to find the correct family or person. This step may require examining multiple individuals before a match is located.

For Help Reading These Records

These records are in Hungarian. For help reading the records, see the following resources:

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking for, What Now?

  • Make sure to fully transcribe and cite the index entry for future reference; see below for assistance in citing this collection.
  • Look at the microfilm of the original record, if possible. The online index entry generally lists only the most basic identifying information for an individual; the original record may contain further information which was not included in the index. Save or print a copy of the image if possible.
  • Use the information which has been discovered to find more. For instance, use the age listed in the record to estimate a year of birth, if that is yet undetermined.
  • If in the appropriate period, use the information which has been discovered to find the individual in civil records. Particularly useful for research in nineteenth-century England are the England Census and the England Civil Registration records.
  • Continue to search the index to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives. Note that family members often appear on an individual's vital records, such as in the role of witnesses to a marriage.

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • The index entry might be inaccurate. If possible, look at the microfilm of the actual record to verify the information listed in the index.
  • When looking for a person with a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which individual is correct. Use other information, such as place of birth, age, occupation, or names of parents, to determine which candidate is the correct person. If listed, a personal title may be a clue to property ownership or occupation, either of which might be noted in other records.
  • Check for variants of given names and surnames. An individual might appear under a different name in a record for a variety of reasons:
    • An individual might have been listed under a middle name, nickname, or abbreviation of their given name.
    • Spelling was not standardized for much of the period of this collection, so names were often spelled as they were pronounced. Pay attention to how the name should have been pronounced and try spelling variations that could have that pronunciation.
    • It was not uncommon for a woman to revert to her maiden name after the death of her husband.
  • Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name or surname to return broader list of possible candidates which can then be examined for matches. Alternatively, try expanding the date range; this is especially useful in searching baptismal records, as it was not unusual for a child to be baptized weeks or even months after birth.
  • Search the records of nearby parishes. While it was uncommon for an individual in this period to move more than about 20 miles from their place of birth, smaller relocations were not uncommon.

For additional help searching online collections see FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

Citing this Collection

Citing sources correctly makes it easier to refer to information which has already been discovered; proper citations are therefore key to keeping track of genealogical research. Following established citation formats also allows others to verify completed research by helping them find and examine records for themselves.

To be of use, citations must include information such as the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records, if available. The following examples demonstrate how to present this information for both this particular collection as well as individual records within the collection:



Collection Citation:
"Hungary, Jewish Vital Records Index, 1800-1945." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Magyar Orszagos Leveltar, Budapest (Hungary State Archives, Budapest, and county archives, Hungary).



Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Hungary, Jewish Vital Records, 1800-1945.


How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.