Difference between revisions of "Idaho Census"

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Idaho|Idaho]]  >  [[Idaho_Census|Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Idaho|Idaho]]  >  [[Idaho Census|Census]]''  
  
=== Existing and lost censuses ===
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="100%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
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*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
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*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
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*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
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<br>
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Idaho Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
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|}
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=== Online Idaho indexes and images  ===
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{{Census Online Idaho}}
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=== Federal population schedules ===
  
For a list of available and missing Idaho censuses, [[Idaho Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
'''United States Censuses 1870-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes and images to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880 (index only)], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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*
  
The Family History Library has microfilm copies of the U.S. federal censuses for the state of Idaho for 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''The 1890 federal census '''was destroyed. However, the State of Idaho is attempting to reconstruct the 1890 census by indexing a variety of records, 1885-1894, for the counties in existence for those years. This is a work in progress and is being done by staff, interns, and volunteers of the Idaho State Historical Society Public Archives and Research Library in Boise. As counties are indexed, they are added to the [http://www.idahohistory.net/Statewide_1890_Index.pdf statewide index], which is available online.
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Idaho, [[Idaho Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]  
  
== Historical Background ==
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=== Federal non-population schedules ===
  
Idaho became a United States territory in 1863 and its first territorial census was taken in 1870. It was admited into the Union in 1890 as the 43rd state.&nbsp;Censuses 1870 to&nbsp;2000 are extant. The 1940 -&nbsp;2000&nbsp;federal censuses are&nbsp;not yet released to the public.
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
== Indexes  ==
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" width="95%"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Idaho'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Free'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries '''(usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" width="40%" | '''Type'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Idaho State Hist. Society'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| Agricultural, Industrial, Mortality, and Other
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| align="center" | [http://www.idahohistory.net/1880_Federal_Census_Non_Population_Schedules.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Agricultural, Industrial, Mortality, and Other
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| align="center" | [http://www.idahohistory.net/1870_Federal_Census_Non_Population_Schedules.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|}
  
'''United States Census Indexes 1870-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search.
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
Statewide indexes are available for the 1870 and 1880 censuses in book and microfiche format. A Soundex (phonetic) index is available on microfilm for part of the 1880 census. The censuses and indexes are at the Family History Library.
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*
  
== Special Censuses ==
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book ====
  
==== Mortality Schedules  ====
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Idaho, [[Idaho Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
'''1870-1880--'''Mortality schedules exist for the 1870 and 1880 censuses. The Family History Library has the schedules and indexes.
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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses ===
  
:[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" width="100%"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#99cc99" align="center" colspan="90" | '''State or Territory Censuses of Idaho'''<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 57.</ref><ref>Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 24-29.</ref>
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1856'''
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| align="left" | Malad County (part of the 1856 Utah Territory census)
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|}
  
&nbsp;The [http://www.idahohistory.net/nonpop_schedule.html 1870 and 1880 non-population schedules] for Idaho are also online on the Idaho Historical Society's web site, in an alphabetical listing.
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The area that is now [[Idaho|Idaho]] was for some years included in the federal censuses under the name of other territories:
  
== State Censuses  ==
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*'''1850''' Oregon Territory (no known white residents in what is now Idaho)
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*'''1860''' Washington Territory (for Idaho residents, if any, see the Spokane County, Washington census)
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*'''1870 and later''' in Idaho Territory or State
  
Idaho did not take any state censuses. <br>
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Also, in '''1860''' and '''1870''' a few households on thin slices of far southern Idaho were included in the federal censuses of Cache County, and possibly Box Elder County, Utah.  
  
== Territorial Censuses  ==
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Also, the '''1856 territorial census''' of Utah included residents in "Malad County" and the northern part of Cache County who lived on the south edge of Idaho.
  
The area that is presently [[Idaho|Idaho]] was included in the federal censuses of the Oregon Territory (1850), Washington Territory (1860), and Idaho Territory (1870 and 1880). For the 1860 census of Idaho County, see Spokane County, Washington. Parts of southern Idaho were also included in the federal 1860 and 1870 censuses of Cache County, Utah. Also, the 1856 Utah territorial census included residents in "Malad County" and Cache County who actually may have lived on the extreme south edge of Idaho.  
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Idaho itself did not take any state or territorial censuses of its residents.  
  
== Web Sites ==
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=== Existing and lost censuses ===
  
[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=allCollections;r=0 FamilySearch Record Search] has free census indexes and images for 1870, and 1900; but indexes only for 1880, and 1920.  
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For a list of available and missing Idaho censuses, [[Idaho Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
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=== Why use a census?  ===
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
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A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/ID/ http://www.census-online.com/links/ID/]
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=== More about censuses  ===
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/id/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/id/census.html]
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[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:  
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp;[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/idaho.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/idaho.htm]  
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:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
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:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
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:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
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:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
== References  ==
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{{reflist}}
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/search/RG/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Idaho.ASP Idaho Research Outline]. ''Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2006.
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{{Place|Idaho}} {{stub}}
  
 
[[Category:Idaho|Census]]
 
[[Category:Idaho|Census]]

Revision as of 05:05, 14 February 2010

United States  >  U.S. Census  >  Idaho  >  Census

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Idaho indexes and images

1900-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Idaho 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1856-1880

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Idaho 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870[8] indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1860</ref> indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images Link Link - UT Link WA Link UT Link WA Link UT Link WA Link UT Link WA Link UT Link WA Link - Link
partial 1856 UT[9] Territorial indexes - - - - - UT
Link
UT
Link
UT
Link
- -
images - - - - - - - - - -
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Idaho, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Idaho

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Idaho State Hist. Society Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1880 Agricultural, Industrial, Mortality, and Other BookLink - - - -
1880 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1870 Agricultural, Industrial, Mortality, and Other BookLink - - - -
1870 Mortality - - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Idaho, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

State or Territory Censuses of Idaho[10][11]
1856 Malad County (part of the 1856 Utah Territory census)

The area that is now Idaho was for some years included in the federal censuses under the name of other territories:

  • 1850 Oregon Territory (no known white residents in what is now Idaho)
  • 1860 Washington Territory (for Idaho residents, if any, see the Spokane County, Washington census)
  • 1870 and later in Idaho Territory or State

Also, in 1860 and 1870 a few households on thin slices of far southern Idaho were included in the federal censuses of Cache County, and possibly Box Elder County, Utah.

Also, the 1856 territorial census of Utah included residents in "Malad County" and the northern part of Cache County who lived on the south edge of Idaho.

Idaho itself did not take any state or territorial censuses of its residents.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Idaho censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987)[FHL Book 973 X2th], 93 explains that in 1860 residents of what is now northern Idaho, if any, should have been enumerated as part of Spokane County, Washington. Also, a few people living in what is now far southeast Idaho were probably enumerated as part of Cache County (and possibly Box Elder County) in the Utah Territory federal censuses of 1860 and 1870.
  9. The 1856 territorial census of Utah included the former "Malad County" whose boundaries are now partly in Idaho, and the former "Green River County" now part of Wyoming. Caution: this census was padded. Most listings are correct, but some were repeated, and in a few cases deceased people were listed. See Bryan Lee Dilts, 1856 Utah Census Index: An Every-Name Index (Salt Lake City, UT : Index Pub., 1983)[FHL Book 979.2 X22d 1856; Fiche 6331392], xvi-xvii. No circulation to Family History Centers.
  10. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 57.
  11. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 24-29.