Indians of Arkansas

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Arkansas tribes were removed to Oklahoma early in the 1830s.

Tribes and Bands of Arkansas

The following list of tribes is compiled from:

  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico.Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ethnology. Bulletin #30 1907. (Family History Library film 1320577 item1.) 
  • Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America.Smithsonian Institution Bureau of Ethnology, Bulletin #145.

Caddo, Cahinnio, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Illinois, Kaskinampo, Michigamea, Mosopelea, Ofo, Osage, Quapaw, Seneca, Seminole, Shawnee, Tunica, Tunica-Karoa, Yazoo

The Caddo Indians were farmers, ceded land and removed to Texas then removed to Indian Territory-Oklahoma





The Arkansas Superintendency was created in 1819, under the the Secretary of War until 1824 when the Bureau of Indian Affairs was established.  The superintendency was disolved and the Cherokee Choctaw, Quapaw and other tribes living in the area west of Arkansas were placed in the new Western Superintendency.

Jurisdiction over the tribes: Cherokee, Quapaw, Choctaw, Osage, Shawnee, Caddo and Delaware

There was a government Indian factory (trading post) established on the Arkansas river known as the Arkansas Post.

1825 An agency for the Choctaw living west of the Mississippi river remained under the Arkansas Superintendency until 1828.

1825-1826: Most Quapaw were removed tothe Caddo or Red River Agency on the Red River west of Arkansas.

1832 Supervision of the Cherokee Indians only

1834 Most of the Indians had been removed from Arkansas further west.



Family History Library

For a complete list of available records use the Family History Library Catalog Tribe, and Location

  • Chickamauga Cherokee Tribal Enrollment. (6 Family History Library films starting with 1597951
  • Southern Superintendency of Indian Affairs 1832-1970. (22 films Family History Library films beginning with 1602871.)
  • Arkansas Superintendency 1824-1834. The Family History Library has no records at this time

See also:

Arkansas-History for a calendar of events