Indians of Florida

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The word Florida originates with a Spanish word meaning "feast of flowers"

Tribes and Bands of Florida

The following list of tribes is compiled from:

  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American indians North of Mexico.  Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907.
  • Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution Bureau of Ethnology, Bulletin #145.

Acuera, Aguacaleyquen, Ais, Alabama, Amacono, Amacapiras, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Calusa, Caparaz, Chatot, Chiaha, Chilucan, Chine, Creeks, (Fresh Water Indians) Guacata, Guale, Hitchiti, Icafui, Jeaga, Koasati, Macapiras or Amacapiras, Mikasuki, Mococo or Mucoco, Muklasa, Muskogee, Ocale or Etocae, Ocita, Oconee, Onatheaqua, Osochi, Pawokti, Pensacola, Pohoi, Pooy or Posoy, Potano, Saturiwa, Sawokli, Seminole, Surruque, Tacatacuru, Tawasa, Tekesta or Tequesta, Tocoboga, Ucita, Utica or Timucua, Yamasee, Yuchi, Yufera, Yui, Yustaga

Miccosukee Seminole

Miccosukee Creek

Crow Creek


Reservations were established as westward expansion and settlements occurred. Tribes ceded land and were removed to restricted and reserved land. As identified in the National Atlas of the United States of America, the following reservation names in bold are current federally-recognized reservations:

  • Big Cypress Reservation: Federal, Tribe: Seminole
  • Brighton Reservation: Federal, Tribe Seminole
  • Creek Reservation
  • Dania Reservation
  • Florida Reservation (1839-1847)
  • Florida State Indian Reservation: State, Broward County, Tribes: Miccosukee and Seminole
  • Hollywood Reservation: Federal, Tribe: Seminole
  • Immokalee Reservation
  • Miccosukee Reservation: Federal, Tribe: Miccosukee
  • Seminole Reservation: Federal,under jurisdiction of Seminole Agency, Tribe: Wewokaof Oklahoma
  • Tampa Reservation


Isaacs, Katherine M., Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Source book, Volume 11, Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian reservations, Appendix E, Indian reservation, Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.

Agencies and Subagencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Agencies were created by the federal government to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to assist in maintaining the peace and to enforce policies


Hill, Edward E., The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. Clearwater publishing Co., Inc., 1974.

Family History Library

Florida Superintendency 1824-1853

See Also:

Florida - History

Florida - Military