Indians of Florida

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The word Florida originates with a Spanish word meaning "feast of flowers"

Tribes and Bands of Florida

Acuera, Aguacaleyquen, Ais, Alabama, Amacono, Amacapiras, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Calusa, Caparaz, Chatot, Chiaha, Chilucan, Chine, Creeks, (Fresh Water Indians) Guacata, Guale, Hitchiti, Icafui, Jeaga, Koasati, Macapiras or Amacapiras, Mikasuki, Mococo or Mucoco, Muklasa, Muskogee, Ocale or Etocae, Ocita, Oconee, Onatheaqua, Osochi, Pawokti, Pensacola, Pohoi, Pooy or Posoy, Potano, Saturiwa, Sawokli, Seminole, Surruque, Tacatacuru, Tawasa, Tekesta or Tequesta, Tocoboga, Ucita, Utica or Timucua, Yamasee, Yuchi, Yufera, Yui, Yustaga

Miccosukee Seminole

Miccosukee Creek

Crow Creek


Reservations were established as westward expansion and settlements occurred. Tribes ceded land and were removed to restricted and reserved land. As identified in the National Atlas of the United States of America, the following reservation names in bold are current federally-recognized reservations:

  • Big Cypress Reservation: Federal, Tribe: Seminole
  • Brighton Reservation: Federal, Tribe Seminole
  • Creek Reservation
  • Dania Reservation
  • Florida Reservation (1839-1847)
  • Florida State Indian Reservation: State, Broward County, Tribes: Miccosukee and Seminole
  • Hollywood Reservation: Federal, Tribe: Seminole
  • Immokalee Reservation
  • Miccosukee Reservation: Federal, Tribe: Miccosukee
  • Seminole Reservation: Federal,under jurisdiction of Seminole Agency, Tribe: Wewokaof Oklahoma
  • Tampa Reservation


Isaacs, Katherine M., Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Source book, Volume 11, Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian reservations, Appendix E, Indian reservation, Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.

Agencies and Subagencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Agencies were created by the federal government to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to assist in maintaining the peace and to enforce policies


Hill, Edward E., The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. Clearwater publishing Co., Inc., 1974.

Family History Library

Florida Superintendency 1824-1853

See Also:

Florida - History

Florida - Military for a list of forts



  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethonology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.