Indians of Pennsylvania

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United States > Pennsylvania

Tribes and Bands of Pennsylvania

Cayuga, Conestoga, Conoy, Delaware, Erie, Honneasont, Iroquois, Lenni-Lenape, Mingo, Mohicans, Mohawk, Monongahela, Munsee, Nanticoke, Onondaga, Oneida, Ottawas, Piscataway, Saluda, Saponi, Seneca, Shawnee, Susquehanna, Susquehannock, Tuscarora, Tutelo, Unalachtigo, Unami, Wenrohronon, Wyandotte

Iroquois League: Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca, Cayuga, Mohawk (Five Nations) and Tuscaroras (Six Nations)

Reference

Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ethonology, Bulletin #30 1907.
Swanton, John R. The Indian tribes of North America (http://www.accessgenealogy.com) Smithsonian Instituion, Bureau of Amerian Ethnology Bulletin #145.
  • A good history is Michael N. McConnell, A Country Between: The Upper Ohio Valley and Its Peoples, 1724-1774 (Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1992; Family History Library book 970.1 M134.)
  • See also Paul A. W. Wallace, Indians in Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, PA: Historical and Museum Commission, 1970; not at Family History Library).

Indian Schools

The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.

In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)

Family History Library

Records of American Indians are listed in the Family History Library Catalog Place Search under PENNSYLVANIA - NATIVE RACES and in the Subject Search under the name of the tribe or language group. The major Pennsylvania Indian tribes were the Delaware, Susquehannock, Shawnee, and Iroquois.

  • John G. Pratt Papers  13 films Family History Library 1st film 812758