Difference between revisions of "Iowa, County Marriage Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{Record Search article
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Iowa, United States Genealogy|Iowa]]''
|location=United States
 
|CID=CID1805551
 
|title=Iowa County Marriages, 1838-1934}} <br>
 
  
== Record Description ==
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{{US State HR Infobox
 +
|CID=CID1805551
 +
|title=Iowa, County Marriages, 1838-1934
 +
|location=Iowa
 +
| LOC_01 = Iowa
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_02_type =
 +
| LOC_03 =   
 +
| loc_map =
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| state_loc_map = US Locator Iowa.png
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| State_flag =Iowa flag.png
 +
| record_type =Marriage Records
 +
| start_year = 1838
 +
| end_year = 1934
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[Iowa, United States Genealogy|Iowa]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [[Iowa Vital Records|Iowa Vital Records]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[Iowa Archives and Libraries]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 =
 +
| FS_URL_05 =
 +
| FS_URL_06 =
 +
| FS_URL_07 = 
 +
| FS_URL_08 = 
 +
| FS_URL_09 = 
 +
| FS_URL_10 = 
 +
| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.iowagenealogy.net/ Iowa history and Genealogy]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://iagenweb.org/ Iowa GenWeb Project] 
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.iowagenealogy.org/ Iowa Genealogical Society]
 +
| RW_URL_04 = 
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| RW_URL_05 = 
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| custodian = 
 +
}}
  
This Collection will include records from 1838 to 1934.
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
  
Most of this collection consists of marriage licenses and certificates, including a few marriage declarations and marriage stubs.  
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This collection consists of marriage licenses and certificates, including a few marriage declarations and marriage stubs. The records cover the years 1838 to 1934.  
  
 
The records are arranged by county, then by volume and year range. The form type varies between register style and certificate style. County clerks usually used the same printed form during the same time periods. Marriage records were generally well preserved, although fires, floods, or other disasters may have destroyed some records.  
 
The records are arranged by county, then by volume and year range. The form type varies between register style and certificate style. County clerks usually used the same printed form during the same time periods. Marriage records were generally well preserved, although fires, floods, or other disasters may have destroyed some records.  
  
The earliest marriage bonds and licenses were usually handwritten on loose papers that were later bound into lettered volumes. Some marriage records had multiple entries on each page, while others had single records per page.
+
== Collection Content  ==
 
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=== Coverage Map ===
Marriages were recorded by the clerk of the district court for each county from the time the county was formed. Persons desiring to marry obtained a license that they presented to the minister or other person authorized to marry, such as a justice of the peace. Once the marriage was performed, the officiator sent a return to the clerk confirming that the marriage had occurred.&nbsp;
+
To see a coverage map of FamilySearch's holdings of Iowa marriages, click [http://user.xmission.com/~jsvare/FR/IA_FRM.html here]. <br>
 
 
The index was created to provide an easy access to specific marriages in the collection&nbsp;
 
 
 
Civil marriage records were created to legalize marital relationships and to protect the interests of the wife and other heirs to legal claims on property.  
 
 
 
The marriage date, place, residence of the bride and groom, and occupations are relatively reliable. Other information, such as age or birthplace, is dependent on the knowledge, memory, and accuracy of the informants, usually the bride and groom.  
 
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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=== Sample Image ===
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>  
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<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
 +
Image:Iowa County Marriage Records (10-0100) (10-0175) (11-0422) DGS 4309537 577.jpg|County Marriage Record
 +
</gallery>  
  
{{Collection citation | text= "Iowa, County Marriages, 1838-1934." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. }}
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==What Can this Collection Tell Me?==
  
<br>
+
Information found in these marriage records may vary depending on the type of document. The following information is usually included:  
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
 
 
[[Image:Iowa County Marriage Records (10-0100) (10-0175) (11-0422) DGS 4309537 577.jpg|thumb|right]] [[Image:Iowa County Marriage Records (10-0100) (10-0175) (11-0422) DGS 4309540 12.jpg|thumb|right]]
 
 
 
Genealogical facts found in these marriage records may vary depending on the type of document. The following information is usually included:  
 
  
 
*Name of the groom  
 
*Name of the groom  
Line 50: Line 67:
 
*Witnesses
 
*Witnesses
  
== How to Use the Record  ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of your ancestor.
 +
*The approximate date of marriage.
 +
*The place where the marriage occurred.
 +
*The name of the intended spouse.
  
*The name of the person at the time of marriage
+
'''Search by Name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1805551?collectionNameFilter=false Collection Page]:'''<br>Fill in the requested information on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
*The approximate marriage date
 
*The marriage place
 
*The name of the intended spouse
 
  
==== Search the Collection  ====
+
Keep in mind:
 +
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/FamilySearch_Search_Tips_and_Tricks FamilySearch Tips and Tricks]].
  
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
+
==What Do I Do Next?==
  
==== Using the Information ====
+
When you have located your ancestor’s marriage record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.  
  
When you have located your ancestor’s marriage record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
+
=== I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now? ===
 
 
For example:
 
  
 
*Use the marriage date and place as the basis for compiling a new family group or for verifying existing information.  
 
*Use the marriage date and place as the basis for compiling a new family group or for verifying existing information.  
Line 76: Line 97:
 
*Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records.  
 
*Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records.  
 
*Use the parents' birth places to find former residences and to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 
*Use the parents' birth places to find former residences and to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 
<br>
 
 
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
 
 
 
*The name of the officiator is a clue to their religion or area of residence in the county. However, ministers may have reported marriages performed in other counties.  
 
*The name of the officiator is a clue to their religion or area of residence in the county. However, ministers may have reported marriages performed in other counties.  
 
*Compile the marriage entries for every person who has the same surname as the bride or groom; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
 
*Compile the marriage entries for every person who has the same surname as the bride or groom; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
Line 89: Line 105:
 
*There is also some variation in the information given from one marriage record to another record.
 
*There is also some variation in the information given from one marriage record to another record.
  
<br>
+
=== I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now? ===
 
 
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor? ====
 
  
 
*Check for variant spellings of the surnames.  
 
*Check for variant spellings of the surnames.  
Line 98: Line 112:
 
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
 
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
  
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
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{{Tip|Don't overlook {{FHL|Iowa, Vital Records|keywords|disp}} items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog.}}
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Iowa County Marriage Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
+
== General Information About These Records ==
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
The earliest marriage bonds and licenses were usually handwritten on loose papers that were later bound into lettered volumes. Some marriage records had multiple entries on each page, while others had single records per page.
  
*[http://www.iowagenealogy.net/ Iowa history and Genealogy]
+
Marriages were recorded by the clerk of the district court for each county from the time the county was formed. Persons desiring to marry obtained a license that they presented to the minister or other person authorized to marry, such as a justice of the peace. Once the marriage was performed, the officiator sent a return to the clerk confirming that the marriage had occurred.  
*[http://iagenweb.org/ Iowa GenWeb Project]
 
*[http://www.iowagenealogy.org/ Iowa Genealogical Society]
 
  
<br>
+
Civil marriage records were created to legalize marital relationships and to protect the interests of the wife and other heirs to legal claims on property. The index was created to provide an easy access to specific marriages in the collection. The marriage date, place, residence of the bride and groom, and occupations are relatively reliable. Other information, such as age or birthplace, is dependent on the knowledge, memory, and accuracy of the informants, usually the bride and groom.
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
== Citing this Collection ==
  
*[[Iowa]]
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
*[[Iowa Vital Records|Iowa Vital Records]]
 
  
<br>  
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Iowa, County Marriages, 1838-1934." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing County courthouses, Iowa.}}<br><br>  
  
== Contributions to this Article  ==
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1805551
{{Contributor invite}}<br>  
+
|title=Iowa, County Marriages, 1838-1934
 
+
}}
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
 
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
 
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
[[Category:Iowa|Vital Records]]
+
{{Contributor invite}}

Latest revision as of 17:47, 15 February 2017

United States Gotoarrow.png Iowa

Access the Records
Iowa, County Marriages, 1838-1934 .
CID1805551
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
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{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Iowa, United States
Iowa flag.png
Flag of Iowa
US Locator Iowa.png
Location of Iowa
Record Description
Record Type Marriage Records
Collection years 1838-1934
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites


What is in the Collection?

This collection consists of marriage licenses and certificates, including a few marriage declarations and marriage stubs. The records cover the years 1838 to 1934.

The records are arranged by county, then by volume and year range. The form type varies between register style and certificate style. County clerks usually used the same printed form during the same time periods. Marriage records were generally well preserved, although fires, floods, or other disasters may have destroyed some records.

Collection Content

Coverage Map

To see a coverage map of FamilySearch's holdings of Iowa marriages, click here.

Sample Image

What Can this Collection Tell Me?

Information found in these marriage records may vary depending on the type of document. The following information is usually included:

  • Name of the groom
  • Name of the bride, often including the maiden name
  • Name of the officiator
  • Names of the parents or guardians of the bride and groom
  • Date of the marriage
  • Place of marriage
  • Birthplaces of the bride and groom
  • Residences of the bride and groom
  • Ages
  • Marital status or number of marriage
  • Occupation
  • Race
  • Witnesses

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor.
  • The approximate date of marriage.
  • The place where the marriage occurred.
  • The name of the intended spouse.

Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in the requested information on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [FamilySearch Tips and Tricks].

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s marriage record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the marriage date and place as the basis for compiling a new family group or for verifying existing information.
  • Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth of each partner to find a couple's birth records and parents' names.
  • Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth to find the family in census records.
  • Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records.
  • Use the parents' birth places to find former residences and to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • The name of the officiator is a clue to their religion or area of residence in the county. However, ministers may have reported marriages performed in other counties.
  • Compile the marriage entries for every person who has the same surname as the bride or groom; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
  • Continue to search the marriage records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives of the bride and groom who may have married in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  • The information in marriage records is usually reliable, but depends upon the reliability of the informant.
  • Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after the late 1800s.
  • There is also some variation in the information given from one marriage record to another record.

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?

  • Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
  • Search for the marriage record of the marriage partner if known.
  • Check for an index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.

General Information About These Records

The earliest marriage bonds and licenses were usually handwritten on loose papers that were later bound into lettered volumes. Some marriage records had multiple entries on each page, while others had single records per page.

Marriages were recorded by the clerk of the district court for each county from the time the county was formed. Persons desiring to marry obtained a license that they presented to the minister or other person authorized to marry, such as a justice of the peace. Once the marriage was performed, the officiator sent a return to the clerk confirming that the marriage had occurred.

Civil marriage records were created to legalize marital relationships and to protect the interests of the wife and other heirs to legal claims on property. The index was created to provide an easy access to specific marriages in the collection. The marriage date, place, residence of the bride and groom, and occupations are relatively reliable. Other information, such as age or birthplace, is dependent on the knowledge, memory, and accuracy of the informants, usually the bride and groom.

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"Iowa, County Marriages, 1838-1934." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing County courthouses, Iowa.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Iowa, County Marriages, 1838-1934.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.