Difference between revisions of "Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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[[Ireland Genealogy|Ireland]]
|location=Ireland
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|CID=CID1804886
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{{Ireland HR Infobox 
|title=Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855}}  
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| CID = CID1804886
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| title =Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855  
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| location =Ireland
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| LOC_01 =
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| LOC_02 =
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| loc_map =
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| record_type =Tithe Applotment Books
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| start_year =1814
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| end_year =1855
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| FS_URL_01 =[[Ireland Taxation#Tithe_Applotment_Books|Ireland Taxation - Tithe Applotment Books]]
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| FS_URL_02 =[[Ireland Maps#Online_Maps|Ireland Maps]] 
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| FS_URL_03 =[[Ireland History]]
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| FS_URL_04 =[[Ireland Genealogy]]
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| FS_URL_05 =
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| FS_URL_06 =
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 =[http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/home.jsp The National Archives of Ireland - Free access to images of Tithe Applotment Books]
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| RW_URL_02 =[http://www.clarelibrary.ie/eolas/coclare/genealogy/tithe_applot/name_index/surname_index.htm Clare County Tithe Applotment Books]
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| RW_URL_03 =[http://www.irishtimes.com/ancestor/browse/records/land/tiap.htm Irish Ancestors - Tithe Applotment Books]
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| RW_URL_04 =[http://files.lib.byu.edu/family-history-library/research-outlines/Europe/Ireland.pdf Ireland Research]
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| RW_URL_06 =
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| RW_URL_07 =
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| RW_URL_08 =
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| RW_URL_09 =
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| RW_URL_10 =
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| custodian =[http://www.nationalarchives.ie/ Public Record Office, Dublin] 
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}}
  
== Record Description  ==
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== What is in the Collection? ==
  
Records cover the years 1814 through 1855.  
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Records cover the years 1814 through 1855. The Tithe Applotment books were compiled to determine the amount of tithes (tax) which must be paid to the Church of Ireland by those who occupied agricultural lands.  
  
 
In 1823, the Composition Act was passed in Ireland, requiring that the tithes that were owed to the Established Church (the Church of Ireland) to be paid in money. These tithes were a tax on agricultural land and had previously been payable in kind. As a result, it was necessary to have a valuation or assessment of each civil parish in the entire country to determine how much would be payable by each landholder. The act provided for the appointment of commissioners to make the valuations in each parish.  
 
In 1823, the Composition Act was passed in Ireland, requiring that the tithes that were owed to the Established Church (the Church of Ireland) to be paid in money. These tithes were a tax on agricultural land and had previously been payable in kind. As a result, it was necessary to have a valuation or assessment of each civil parish in the entire country to determine how much would be payable by each landholder. The act provided for the appointment of commissioners to make the valuations in each parish.  
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Books listing tithe-payers and quantities of land were compiled for most parishes and generally ranged between the years 1823 to 1838. The books were first deposited with the Irish Land Commission, and then in the 1940s they were transferred to the Public Record Office of Ireland and the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland. The books list about 40 percent of families heads.  
 
Books listing tithe-payers and quantities of land were compiled for most parishes and generally ranged between the years 1823 to 1838. The books were first deposited with the Irish Land Commission, and then in the 1940s they were transferred to the Public Record Office of Ireland and the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland. The books list about 40 percent of families heads.  
 
The Tithe Applotment books were compiled to determine the amount of tithes (tax) which must be paid to the Church of Ireland by those who occupied agricultural lands.
 
  
 
The information in the books is quite reliable.  
 
The information in the books is quite reliable.  
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The books are either handwritten on pre-printed pages or handwritten using the same format as the pre-printed pages.  
 
The books are either handwritten on pre-printed pages or handwritten using the same format as the pre-printed pages.  
  
For a list of records by localities, and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//familysearch.org/records/collection/1804886/waypoints Browse].
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== Collection Contents ==
 +
'''Tithe applotment books''' generally contain the following information:  
  
== Record Content  ==
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*Townland name
 +
*Landholders’ names
 +
*Amount of land held
 +
*Amount to be paid in tithes
 +
*Landlord’s name
 +
*Assessment of the economic productivity of the land
  
 +
=== Sample Images ===
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
 
Image:Olde irish counties.jpg|Olde Irish Counties
 
Image:Olde irish counties.jpg|Olde Irish Counties
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</gallery>  
 
</gallery>  
  
Tithe applotment books generally contain the following information:
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== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 
 
*Townland name
 
*Landholders’ names
 
*Amount of land held
 
*Amount to be paid in tithes
 
*Landlord’s name
 
*Assessment of the economic productivity of the land
 
 
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
  
 
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:  
 
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:  
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*Last residence
 
*Last residence
  
==== Search the Collection  ====
+
'''To search this collection by name:'''<br> Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
 +
 
 +
'''To browse by image:'''<br> To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the "County" category<br> ⇒Select the "Parish" category<br> ⇒Select the “Date" category which takes you to the images<br>
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
+
Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.  
 +
 
 +
For tips about searching on-line collections see the wiki article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
 +
 
 +
== Tips to Keep in Mind  ==
  
 
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
 
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
 
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.  
 
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.  
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
+
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.  
 
+
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips]. <br> To search the collection image by image <br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page: <br> ⇒Select "County"<br> ⇒Select "Parish and Date" which will take you to the images.  
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*Titles may be clues to property ownership, occupations, rank, or status within the community.  
 
+
*Be aware that, as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.  
+
*Check for variant spellings of the names.
  
==== General Information About These Records  ====
+
== General Information About These Records  ==
  
 
Because most pre-1901 census records of Ireland have been destroyed, the Tithe Applotment Books are an important substitute. Although the books do not have a complete list of householders and residents, they are the only countrywide survey for the time period. In addition, they generally name individuals of lower economic status who carried the heaviest burden of tithes and about whom there are few other records.  
 
Because most pre-1901 census records of Ireland have been destroyed, the Tithe Applotment Books are an important substitute. Although the books do not have a complete list of householders and residents, they are the only countrywide survey for the time period. In addition, they generally name individuals of lower economic status who carried the heaviest burden of tithes and about whom there are few other records.  
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{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
 
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
== Related Websites  ==
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== How You Can Contribute ==
  
*[http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/home.jsp The National Archives of Ireland - Tithe Applotment Books] - Free full access to index and online images of the records
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{{Contributor_invite}}
*[http://homepage.eircom.net/%257Eseanjmurphy/nai/puboffs.htm Public Offices of Ireland]
 
*[http://www.irishtimes.com/ancestor/browse/records/land/tiap.htm Irish Ancestors - Tithe Applotment Books]
 
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
== Citing this Collection ==
  
[[Ireland Taxation#Tithe_Applotment_Books|Ireland Taxation - Tithe Applotment Books]]
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Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
'''Collection Citation:'''<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Ireland Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855." Database with Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Public Record Office, Dublin.}}
  
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the “Show Citation” box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1804886/waypoints Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855]
+
<br> '''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1804886
 +
|title=Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855
 +
}}
  
When you copy information from the record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find th record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you do not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
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'''Image Citation:'''<br> {{Image Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1804886
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
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|title=Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855
 
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}}  
=== Citation for this collection  ===
 
 
 
The citation below refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
 
 
 
{{Collection citation | text= "Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Land Commission. National Archives, Dublin, Ireland.}}  
 
 
 
[[Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection ===
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<br>

Latest revision as of 16:03, 26 September 2016

Ireland

Access the Records
Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855 .
CID1804886
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Ireland
Flag of Ireland.png
Flag of Ireland
IE Locator Map Ireland.png
Record Description
Record Type Tithe Applotment Books
Collection years 1814-1855
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Public Record Office, Dublin


What is in the Collection?

Records cover the years 1814 through 1855. The Tithe Applotment books were compiled to determine the amount of tithes (tax) which must be paid to the Church of Ireland by those who occupied agricultural lands.

In 1823, the Composition Act was passed in Ireland, requiring that the tithes that were owed to the Established Church (the Church of Ireland) to be paid in money. These tithes were a tax on agricultural land and had previously been payable in kind. As a result, it was necessary to have a valuation or assessment of each civil parish in the entire country to determine how much would be payable by each landholder. The act provided for the appointment of commissioners to make the valuations in each parish.

The tax was based on the average price of wheat and oats over the seven years up to 1823 and was levied at a different rate depending on the quality of the land. As a result, the tax was not assessed equally on all land; some lands had no tax assessed at all. The tax caused a great resentment by those who were not members of the Church of Ireland, since the money was used to support the church. A series of acts were passed from 1823 onwards in an effort to make the method of calculating the tax fairer. The tax was generally abolished in 1869.

Books listing tithe-payers and quantities of land were compiled for most parishes and generally ranged between the years 1823 to 1838. The books were first deposited with the Irish Land Commission, and then in the 1940s they were transferred to the Public Record Office of Ireland and the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland. The books list about 40 percent of families heads.

The information in the books is quite reliable.

The books are either handwritten on pre-printed pages or handwritten using the same format as the pre-printed pages.

Collection Contents

Tithe applotment books generally contain the following information:

  • Townland name
  • Landholders’ names
  • Amount of land held
  • Amount to be paid in tithes
  • Landlord’s name
  • Assessment of the economic productivity of the land

Sample Images

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Name of Ancestor
  • Last residence

To search this collection by name:
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

To browse by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the "County" category
⇒Select the "Parish" category
⇒Select the “Date" category which takes you to the images

Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the wiki article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  • Titles may be clues to property ownership, occupations, rank, or status within the community.
  • Be aware that, as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
  • Check for variant spellings of the names.

General Information About These Records

Because most pre-1901 census records of Ireland have been destroyed, the Tithe Applotment Books are an important substitute. Although the books do not have a complete list of householders and residents, they are the only countrywide survey for the time period. In addition, they generally name individuals of lower economic status who carried the heaviest burden of tithes and about whom there are few other records.

The information in these records verifies the place and length of residency. Once you have established residence information, you can determine which church records to search.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"Ireland Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Public Record Office, Dublin.


Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855.

Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855.