Lake Erie (pron.: /ˈɪri/; French: Lac Érié) is the fourth largest lake (by surface area) of the five Great Lakes in North America, and the tenth largest globally. It is the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume of the Great Lakes and therefore also has the shortest average water residence time. It is bounded by Ontario to the north, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York to the south, and Michigan to the west. The lake is named after the Erie tribe of Native Americans who lived along its southern shore. The outflow from the lake provides hydroelectric power to Canada and the U.S. as it spins huge turbines at Niagara Falls.
^ United States Geological Survey Hydrological Unit Code: 04-12-02-00 ^ Large Lakes of the World. Factmonster.com. ^ a b "Lake Erie – Facts and Figures". Great Lakes Information Network. Retrieved 2012-12-10. ^ Erie, Lake ^ "From Honeymoon City to Hydro City". CBC Digital Archives. Aug. 25, 1957. Retrieved 2011-01-26.