Difference between revisions of "Limburg, The Netherlands Genealogy"

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[[The Netherlands|''The Netherlands'']] > '''Limburg '''
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{{Limburg-sidebar}}{{breadcrumb
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| align="center" style="background: rgb(238, 238, 238); font-family: verdana;" | '''News'''
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| style="padding-right:0px"|[[Image:The Netherlands Locator Map Limburg Province.png|thumb]]
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| align="left" style="background: rgb(249, 243, 253)" |
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Guide to '''Limburg Province ancestry, family history and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
<br>
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{{Click|Image:Netherlands ORP.png|The Netherlands Online Genealogy Records}}[[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups on Facebook]]<br>
 +
__TOC__
 +
==History==
 +
==Background Information==
 +
*You can find the Geographical and Historical information on Limburg here: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limburg_%28Netherlands%29 Limburg]
 +
*Information on the capital city can be found here: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maastricht Maastricht]
 +
*In the middle of the nineteenth century, Limburg was a poor region. People moved to urban areas or left the country to work in nearby Belgium or Germany or even to emigrate to the United States. Because of the American Homestead act of 1862, the peak of the Limburg emigration was in 1863. The people of Limburg were predominantly Catholic and settled mainly in Catholic regions of Minnesota.
 +
*Many people in Limburg used fixed family names long before the introduction of the civil registration which makes research easier.<br>
 +
 
 +
== Jurisdictions  ==
 +
 
 +
[[Image:2015-P11-Limburg-o.png|right|552px]]
 +
*[[Limburg Municipalities|Municipalities]]
 +
*
 +
 
 +
==Research Methods==
 +
 
 +
'''Most of your genealogical research for Limburg  will be in three main record types: civil registration, church records and population registers. This article will teach you methods for locating and searching these two record groups.'''
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==Civil Registration (Burgelijke Stand)==
 +
*'''Civil registration''' records are government records of births, marriages, and deaths.  Access to Netherlands Civil Registration records online is excellent. There is usually no longer any need to use microfilms from the Family History Library, or to visit archives. Nearly all records have survived, since two copies were made of each record and stored separately. <br>
 +
 
 +
*'''Dates:''' Civil registration began c.1795 while under French rule(Note it began in 1811 in most of the rest of the Netherlands). Law allows birth records up to 1915, marriage records up to 1940 and death records up to 1965 to be released to the public as of 2016. Archives can be up to 10 years behind putting them online.
 +
*'''Contents:'''
 +
**'''Births(''Geboorten''):''' Child’s name, birth date and place; parents’ names, ages, residence, and occupation: witnesses’ name, ages, occupations, residences; yearly indexes.
 +
**'''Marriages(''Huwelijken''):''' Bride and groom names, ages, residences, occupations, birth places; date and place of the marriage; parents' names, residences, occupations, whether living; the names of the witnesses, their ages, occupations, residence, and relationship to the bride or groom, if any; and officer who performed ceremony, former spouses, yearly indexes.
 +
**'''Marriage supplements(''Huwelijksbijlagen''):''' Copies of birth or baptism records of bride and groom; military conscription record of groom, containing name, birthdate, and parents, and sometimes a physical description; copies of death or burial records of deceased former spouses; copies of death or burial records of parents, if the marrying person is under 30 (and sometimes if they are over 30); (pre-1850), if both parents are dead,  death or burial records of grandparents.
 +
**'''Death registers(''Overlijdens''):''' Deceased's name, age, death date and place, occupation, birth place; name of spouse(s), parents’ names; names of the witnesses, their ages, occupations, residence, and relationship if any.
 +
*To learn more about The Netherlands Civil Registration, read [[Netherlands Civil Registration|'''Netherlands Civil Registration''']].
 +
 
 +
 
 +
=== Online Digital Records for Civil Registration ===
 +
Digital copies of civil registration can be searched online:<br>
 +
*[http://wiewaswie.nl WieWasWie], basic version free, index with some images.
 +
*[http://AlleLimburgers.nl AlleLimburgers]
 +
*{{RecordSearch|2026214|Netherlands, Limburg Province, Civil Registration, 1792-1963|access=browse}}, free, partial index with complete images 
 +
*[http://zoekakten.nl/prov.php?id=LB Zoekakten.nl] is a Dutch website that helps in locating Dutch images on FamilySearch.org. It breaks down films into smaller segments by year and record type for easier browsing. See [[Zoekakten|Zoekakten instructions]].
 +
 
 +
 
 +
== Church Records (DTB) ==
 +
*Church records are the main sources for births, marriages and deaths in the Netherlands between about 1550 and 1811.In Limburg between 1795-1811 both church records and civil registration records were kept. They recorded baptisms (or circumcisions), marriages and burials and sometimes confirmations, membership records and conversions.
 +
*In the late 1500s Churches began to mandate that registers of baptisms and marriages were kept. Burials were often not recorded at first. Records do not always exist for the period before 1700.
 +
*Records kept by Catholics are written in Latin. Most other records will be written in Dutch.
 +
*The main types of Church records are
 +
**'''Baptisms(''Dopen''):''' Child’s name,baptism date, sometimes birth date, parents’ names and residence: witnesses’ name.
 +
**'''Marriages(''Trouwen''):''' Bride and groom names, sometimes ages, residences and/or birthplace, date and place of the marriage; parents' names,; the names of the witnesses and relationship to the bride or groom, if any, former spouses.
 +
**'''Burials(''Begraven''):''' Deceased's name, death date and place, name of spouse(s),
  
|-
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*Church records continued to be kept after the introduction of civil registration, but after 1811 they were mostly superseded by Civil Registration.
| align="center" style="background: rgb(238, 238, 238); font-family: verdana;" | '''Topics'''
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*To learn more about church records, see [[Netherlands Church Records|'''Netherlands Church Records''']].
|-
 
| align="left" style="background: rgb(249, 243, 253)" |
 
*[[Limburg Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
 
*[[Limburg Biography|Biography]]
 
*[[Limburg Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
 
*[[Limburg Census|Census]]
 
*[[Limburg Church History|Church History]]
 
*[[Limburg Church Records|Church Records]]
 
*[[Limburg Civil Registration - Vital Records|Civil Registration - Vital Records]]
 
*[[Limburg Court Records|Court Records]]
 
*[[Limburg Emigration/Immigration|Emigration/Immigration]]
 
*[[Limburg Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]
 
*[[Limburg Genealogy|Genealogy]]
 
*[[Limburg Guardianship|Guardianship]]
 
*[[Limburg Heraldry|Heraldry]]
 
*[[Limburg Historical Geography|Historical Geography]]
 
*[[Limburg History|History]]
 
*[[Limburg Jewish Records|Jewish Records]]
 
*[[Limburg Land and Property|Land and Property]]
 
*[[Limburg Language and Languages|Language and Languages]]
 
*[[Limburg Maps|Maps]]
 
*[[Limburg Military History|Military History]]
 
*[[Limburg Military Records|Military Records]]
 
*[[Limburg Minorities|Minorities]]
 
*[[Limburg Names, Geographical|Names, Geographical]]
 
*[[Limburg Names, Personal|Names, Personal]]&nbsp;&nbsp;
 
*[[Limburg Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 
*[[Limburg Nobility|Nobility]]
 
*[[Limburg Notarial Records|Notarial Records]]  
 
*[[Limburg Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 
*[[Limburg Place Names|Place Names]]
 
*[[Limburg Population|Population]]
 
*[[Limburg Place Names|Place Names]]
 
*[[Limburg Population|Population]]
 
*[[Limburg Probate Records|Probate Records]]
 
*[[Limburg Public Records|Public Records]]
 
*[[Limburg Record Selection Table|Record Selection Table]]
 
*[[Limburg Societies|Societies]]
 
*[[Limburg Taxation|Taxation]]
 
  
|-
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===Online Digital Records for Church Records ===
| align="center" style="background: rgb(238, 238, 238); font-family: verdana;" | '''(Limburg)'''
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*[http://AlleLimburgers.nl AlleLimburgers]
|}
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*{{RecordSearch|2037001|Netherlands, Limburg Province, Church Records, 1542-1910|access=browse}}, free, browseable images.Best browsed via [http://zoekakten.nl/prov.php?id=LB Zoekakten]
</div> <div style="float: right; width: 70%;">
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*{{RecordSearch|1404156|Netherlands, Limburg Parish Register Transcripts, 1562-1822|access=browse}}, free, browseable images.
You can find the Geographical and Historical information on Limburg here: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limburg_%28Netherlands%29 Limburg]  
+
*[https://www.vpnd.nl Van Papier Naar Digitaal] has images, indexes and transcriptions.
  
Information on the capital city can be found here: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maastricht Maastricht]
+
== Population Registers (Bevolkingregisters) ==
 +
See [[Netherlands Population|Netherlands Population]] for further information.<br>
  
<br>
+
From 1850 onwards the Government has recorded the address and basic details such as name, birthdate, birthplace, occupation and religion of all residents of the Netherlands.
  
== Featured Content  ==
+
*From 1850-1940 these are on paper and public.
 +
*From 1940-1994 these are on paper and can be viewed on request (see below)
 +
*From 1994-present these are in digital format and can be viewed on request (see below)
  
== Did you know?  ==
+
=== Accessing Population Registers ===
  
'''Some famous Limburgians'''
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* From 1850-1940
 +
**[http://www.wiewaswie.nl WieWasWie] has some indexes and images, incomplete.
 +
**[http://www.geneaknowhow.net/digi/bronnen.html Geneaknowhow]. Click on "Internet" under Overijssel in the left sidebar.
 +
**[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index?owc=95PF-PTT%3A338128901%3Fcc%3D2018408 FamilySearch collection Netherlands Census and Population Registers, 1574-1940]
  
[http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri%C3%ABtte_d'Oultremont_de_W%C3%A9gimont Henriëtte d'Oultremont de Wégimont] (1792-1864)- 2nd wife of King Willem I
 
  
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Cuypers Pierre Cuypers] (1827-1921) - Architect (designer of the Amsterdam [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rijksmuseum_Amsterdam Rijksmuseum Amsterdam] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amsterdam_Centraal_railway_station Central station]
+
*From 1940 onwards. The records are only public if the person has been deceased for about two years. You must contact the [http://cbg.nl/diensten/onderzoeksvragen/ Central Bureau for Genealogy], fill in an application form and pay the fee as explained on their website. Email it to '''''pkpl@cbg.nl''''' or post to
  
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Debye Peter Debye] (1884-1966) - Physicist, Nobelprize winner
+
:::CBG/Center for Family History <br>
 +
:::Section Personcart and Personlist <br>
 +
:::PO Box 11755<br> 
 +
:::2502 AT, The Hague <br>
 +
:::The Netherlands<br>
  
== Research Tools  ==
+
If the record is found, it will also contain details about the main person's parents, spouse and children. Some information may be blanked out in the case of people deceased relatively recently.
  
== Jurisdictions  ==
 
  
*[[Limburg Municipalities before 1998|Municipalities before 1998]]
+
==Reading the Records==
*[[Limburg Municipalities after 1984|Municipalities after 1984]]
+
'''
 +
*Records are most commonly written in Dutch or Latin. '''You do not have to be fluent these languages to read your documents!''' Genealogical records usually contain a limited vocabulary. Use this [[Netherlands Language and Languages|'''Dutch Genealogical Word List''']] to translate the important points in the document.
  
== Things you can do ==
+
*Also, the handwriting can be slightly different, so you will want to watch these lessons, as needed, depending on the pre-dominant language in the region your ancestors lived:  
 +
::[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-dutch-handwritten-records-lesson-1-the-dutch-alphabet/28 '''Reading Dutch Handwritten Records Lesson 1: The Dutch Alphabet'''].
 +
::[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-dutch-handwritten-records-lesson-2-dutch-words-and-dates/29 '''Reading Dutch Handwritten Records Lesson 2: Dutch Words and Dates'''].
 +
::[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-dutch-handwritten-records-lesson-3-reading-dutch-records/30'''Reading Dutch Handwritten Records Lesson 3: Reading Dutch Records'''].
 +
<br>
  
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:<br>  
+
== Tips for Finding Your Ancestor in the Records ==
 +
*Effective use of civil registration and church records includes the following strategies:
 +
#Identify your ancestor by finding his '''birth or christening record.'''
 +
#When you find an ancestor’s birth or baptismal record, search for the '''births of siblings'''.<br>
 +
#Search for the '''parents’ marriage record'''. Typically, the marriage took place one or two years before the oldest child was born.
 +
#Search for the '''parents' birth records.''' On the average, people married in their early 20s, so subtact 25 or so years from the marriage date for a starting year to search for the parents' birth records.
 +
#Search the '''death registers for all family members.'''
 +
#If you do not find earlier generations in the parish registers, search neighboring parishes.<br>  
  
{| width="98%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0"
+
*Marriages were usually performed and recorded '''where the bride lived.'''
|-
+
*Do not overlook the '''importance of death records.''' Death records are especially helpful because they may provide important information about a person’s birth, spouse, and parents. Civil death records often exist for individuals for whom there are no birth or marriage records.
|
 
| width="50%" |
 
*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]
 
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]
 
*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]
 
  
|
 
*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]
 
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]
 
*Other...
 
  
<br>
+
==Websites==
 +
*{{RecordSearch|2704829|Netherlands, Archival Indexes, Miscellaneous Records}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
 +
*[http://www.allelimburgers.nl/wgpublic/persoonu_search.php AlleLimburgers]
 +
*[http://www.rhcl.nl/ Limburg regional historical center].
 +
*[https://www.wiewaswie.nl/en/home/ WieWasWie].
 +
*[http://limburgemigrant.nl/English.htm Limburg Emigrant Page].
 +
*[http://www.wazamar.org/gen-links/aa-nl-prov-lmb.htm Wazamar Genealogie en Heraldiek in Die Nederland, Limburg]
  
|}
+
{{Geographic location
)</div>
+
|title = '''Neighbouring Provinces'''
[[Category:Netherlands]]
+
|Center    = Limburg
 +
|North    = [[Gelderland, The Netherlands Genealogy|Gelderland]]
 +
|Northeast =
 +
|East      =
 +
|Southeast =
 +
|South    =
 +
|Southwest =
 +
|West      = [[Noord-Brabant, The Netherlands Genealogy|Noord-Brabant]]
 +
|Northwest = [[Noord-Brabant, The Netherlands Genealogy|Noord-Brabant]]
 +
}
 +
[[Category:Limburg Province, Netherlands]]

Latest revision as of 18:57, 10 May 2017

Limburg Wiki Topics
NL-LimburgVlag.svg.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Limburg Background
Local Research Resources
The Netherlands
Limburg Province
The Netherlands Locator Map Limburg Province.png

Guide to Limburg Province ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

{{{link}}}Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg

History

Background Information

  • You can find the Geographical and Historical information on Limburg here: Limburg
  • Information on the capital city can be found here: Maastricht
  • In the middle of the nineteenth century, Limburg was a poor region. People moved to urban areas or left the country to work in nearby Belgium or Germany or even to emigrate to the United States. Because of the American Homestead act of 1862, the peak of the Limburg emigration was in 1863. The people of Limburg were predominantly Catholic and settled mainly in Catholic regions of Minnesota.
  • Many people in Limburg used fixed family names long before the introduction of the civil registration which makes research easier.

Jurisdictions

2015-P11-Limburg-o.png

Research Methods

Most of your genealogical research for Limburg will be in three main record types: civil registration, church records and population registers. This article will teach you methods for locating and searching these two record groups.


Civil Registration (Burgelijke Stand)

  • Civil registration records are government records of births, marriages, and deaths. Access to Netherlands Civil Registration records online is excellent. There is usually no longer any need to use microfilms from the Family History Library, or to visit archives. Nearly all records have survived, since two copies were made of each record and stored separately.
  • Dates: Civil registration began c.1795 while under French rule(Note it began in 1811 in most of the rest of the Netherlands). Law allows birth records up to 1915, marriage records up to 1940 and death records up to 1965 to be released to the public as of 2016. Archives can be up to 10 years behind putting them online.
  • Contents:
    • Births(Geboorten): Child’s name, birth date and place; parents’ names, ages, residence, and occupation: witnesses’ name, ages, occupations, residences; yearly indexes.
    • Marriages(Huwelijken): Bride and groom names, ages, residences, occupations, birth places; date and place of the marriage; parents' names, residences, occupations, whether living; the names of the witnesses, their ages, occupations, residence, and relationship to the bride or groom, if any; and officer who performed ceremony, former spouses, yearly indexes.
    • Marriage supplements(Huwelijksbijlagen): Copies of birth or baptism records of bride and groom; military conscription record of groom, containing name, birthdate, and parents, and sometimes a physical description; copies of death or burial records of deceased former spouses; copies of death or burial records of parents, if the marrying person is under 30 (and sometimes if they are over 30); (pre-1850), if both parents are dead, death or burial records of grandparents.
    • Death registers(Overlijdens): Deceased's name, age, death date and place, occupation, birth place; name of spouse(s), parents’ names; names of the witnesses, their ages, occupations, residence, and relationship if any.
  • To learn more about The Netherlands Civil Registration, read Netherlands Civil Registration.


Online Digital Records for Civil Registration

Digital copies of civil registration can be searched online:


Church Records (DTB)

  • Church records are the main sources for births, marriages and deaths in the Netherlands between about 1550 and 1811.In Limburg between 1795-1811 both church records and civil registration records were kept. They recorded baptisms (or circumcisions), marriages and burials and sometimes confirmations, membership records and conversions.
  • In the late 1500s Churches began to mandate that registers of baptisms and marriages were kept. Burials were often not recorded at first. Records do not always exist for the period before 1700.
  • Records kept by Catholics are written in Latin. Most other records will be written in Dutch.
  • The main types of Church records are
    • Baptisms(Dopen): Child’s name,baptism date, sometimes birth date, parents’ names and residence: witnesses’ name.
    • Marriages(Trouwen): Bride and groom names, sometimes ages, residences and/or birthplace, date and place of the marriage; parents' names,; the names of the witnesses and relationship to the bride or groom, if any, former spouses.
    • Burials(Begraven): Deceased's name, death date and place, name of spouse(s),
  • Church records continued to be kept after the introduction of civil registration, but after 1811 they were mostly superseded by Civil Registration.
  • To learn more about church records, see Netherlands Church Records.

Online Digital Records for Church Records

Population Registers (Bevolkingregisters)

See Netherlands Population for further information.

From 1850 onwards the Government has recorded the address and basic details such as name, birthdate, birthplace, occupation and religion of all residents of the Netherlands.

  • From 1850-1940 these are on paper and public.
  • From 1940-1994 these are on paper and can be viewed on request (see below)
  • From 1994-present these are in digital format and can be viewed on request (see below)

Accessing Population Registers


  • From 1940 onwards. The records are only public if the person has been deceased for about two years. You must contact the Central Bureau for Genealogy, fill in an application form and pay the fee as explained on their website. Email it to pkpl@cbg.nl or post to
CBG/Center for Family History
Section Personcart and Personlist
PO Box 11755
2502 AT, The Hague
The Netherlands

If the record is found, it will also contain details about the main person's parents, spouse and children. Some information may be blanked out in the case of people deceased relatively recently.


Reading the Records

  • Records are most commonly written in Dutch or Latin. You do not have to be fluent these languages to read your documents! Genealogical records usually contain a limited vocabulary. Use this Dutch Genealogical Word List to translate the important points in the document.
  • Also, the handwriting can be slightly different, so you will want to watch these lessons, as needed, depending on the pre-dominant language in the region your ancestors lived:
Reading Dutch Handwritten Records Lesson 1: The Dutch Alphabet.
Reading Dutch Handwritten Records Lesson 2: Dutch Words and Dates.
Reading Dutch Handwritten Records Lesson 3: Reading Dutch Records.


Tips for Finding Your Ancestor in the Records

  • Effective use of civil registration and church records includes the following strategies:
  1. Identify your ancestor by finding his birth or christening record.
  2. When you find an ancestor’s birth or baptismal record, search for the births of siblings.
  3. Search for the parents’ marriage record. Typically, the marriage took place one or two years before the oldest child was born.
  4. Search for the parents' birth records. On the average, people married in their early 20s, so subtact 25 or so years from the marriage date for a starting year to search for the parents' birth records.
  5. Search the death registers for all family members.
  6. If you do not find earlier generations in the parish registers, search neighboring parishes.
  • Marriages were usually performed and recorded where the bride lived.
  • Do not overlook the importance of death records. Death records are especially helpful because they may provide important information about a person’s birth, spouse, and parents. Civil death records often exist for individuals for whom there are no birth or marriage records.


Websites