Madison County, Texas Genealogy

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County Courthouse


Parent County

1853--Madison County was created 2 February 1853 from Grimes, Leon, and Walker Counties. County seat: Madisonville [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

1865, 1873--Courthouses and county records were destroyed by fire in June 1865 and January 1873.

1967--Madison County Courthouse, built 1896, was destroyed by fire on May 14, 1967. Some county records may have been destroyed. [2]

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties






Local Histories


Texas Counties Map. Click on the county to go to the Texas Genweb site





Vital Records

  • Texas Death Index 1964 to 1998 [no images] Name index to Texas Statewide Death Certificates or four million people who have died since 1964.
  • Texas Death Records 1890 – 1976 [with images]
    Name index and images of statewide death certificates, 1890-1976. The name index has been created by FamilySearch and is tied to images of the Texas death certificates. Few certificates are available prior to 1903.

Societies and Libraries

Web Sites

  • TEXAS GenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the county


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. - Madisonville, TX Courthouse Fire, May 1967