Maine Census

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Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • Click here for a list of the exact date of each federal census.

Federal population schedules and indexes

Online

Online Federal Population Schedule Indexes and Images for Maryland
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay
Record Search Family Search MD State Archives Census Bureau Heritage Quest Footnote Ancestry FHL ed. Ancestry Library ed. Ancestry Home ed.
1940 indexes - - - - - - - - -
images - - - - - - - - -
1930 indexes - - - - Link Link Link Link Link
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1920 indexes - - - - Link - Link Link Link
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1910 indexes - - - - Link - Link Link Link
images - - - - Link - Link Link Link
1900 indexes Link - - - Link - Link Link Link
images Link - - - Link - Link Link Link
1880 indexes Link Link Link[1] - Link - Link Link Link
images - - - - Link - Link Link Link
1870 indexes Link - Link[2] - Link - Link Link Link
images Link - - - Link - Link Link Link
1860 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link
images - - - - Link Link Link Link Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - - Link Link Link
images Link - - - Link - Link Link Link
1840 indexes - - - - - - Link Link Link
images - - - - Link - Link Link Link
partial 1830 indexes - - - - - - Link Link Link
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1820 indexes - - - - Link - Link Link Link
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1810 indexes - - - - Link  - Link Link Link
images - - - - Link - Link Link Link
partial 1800 indexes - - - - Link  - Link Link Link
images - - - - Link - Link Link Link
partial 1790 indexes - - - transcript link Link  - Link Link Link
images - - - - Link  - Link Link Link
  Record Search Family Search MD State Archives Census Bureau Heritage Quest Footnote Ancestry FHL ed.  Ancestry Library ed. Ancestry Home ed.
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 1870 M593 1840 M704 1810 M252
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1050 1860 M654 1830 M19 1800 M32
1920 T625 and Soundex M1566 1880 T9  and Soundex T753 1850 M432 1820 M33 1790 M637


Microform and book indexes

Click here for a list of microform and book indexes for federal population schedules of Maryland.


Federal non-population schedules and indexes

Online

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Maryland

Free Free at Some Libraries(usually with library card) Pay
Year Schedule Type USGenNet Access Genealogy Evendon Census.gov Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - - - - -  ?[3]   ?[3]  ?[3]
1870 Mortality - - - - - -  ?[3]  ?[3]  ?[3]
1860 Slave owner - - - - - Link[4] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - - - - -  ?[3]  ?[3]  ?[3]
1850 Slave owner - - - - - Link[4] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality - - - - - -  ?[3]  ?[3]  ?[3]
1840 Pensioner Link Link BookLink BookLink BookLink - - - -


Microfilm

Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maryland
1890 Veteran 1870 Mortality 1860 Slave owner 1850 Slave owner  1840 Pensioners
1880 Mortality 1870 Agricultural 1860 Mortality 1850 Mortality
1820 Manufacturers
1880 Agricultural 1870 Industrial 1860 Agricultural 1850 Agricultural
1880 Industrial 1870 Social Statistics 1860 Industrial 1850 Industrial
1880 Defective 1860 Social Statistics 1850 Social Statistics


National Archives Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Maryland
1890 Veteran 1860 Slave owner 1860 Industrial 1850 Agricultural 1820 Manufactuer
1880 Mortality 1860 Mortality 1850 Slave owner 1850 Industrial
1870 Mortality 1860 Agricultural 1850 Mortality 1840 Pensioner


Microform and book indexes

Click here for a list of microform and book indexes for federal non-population schedules of Maryland.


Missing federal censuses

Click here for a list of missing and available Maryland federal censuses.


State or other censuses

[Colonial territorial, state or other censuses]

Maryland made in 1778 a list of citizens who had taken an oath of fidelity which list is sometimes called a census.

Maryland took a census in 1776:

An online index to both is found in  MARYLAND INDEXES (Census Index) 1776-1778 [MSA S1419].

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

  • index searching tips
  • analyzing and using what you find
  • census accuracy
  • historical background
  • contents of various census years and types

External sites

Many censuses and indexes are on free sites, others are at paid sites. Some may have access through library membership, and other are personal paid sites. Some sites have partial censuses and others major fee sites have the whole series, with indexes and links to images. Online indexes are searchable in different ways, see tips if you are having difficulties locating your family.

  • FamilySearch Record Search is free site. There are a few census years available now with more being added. Search the index and view the images. The index is to every name listed on the census. As of June 2009. the years that are indexed and available for Maryland are 1850, 1860, 18701880, and 1900.
  • Maryland State Archives has indexes to the 1776 and 1778 colonial "censuses", also the federal 1870 and 1880. 
  • Ancestry is a large Internet company that has all the Maryland censuses indexed from 1790--1930 by every name. The index is linked to the image as well to an extracted household group with source information. Ancestry is available at many libraries, the Family History Library, and certain Family History centers.You can also purchase your own subscription.
  • Heritage Quest Online is a paid site that has indexes for the 1790–1820, 1860–1880, and 1900–1930. Images for all national censuses are available for browsing, printing, and downloading. Many libraries have subscriptions which allow access for their patrons outside of their library with a library card and password.
  • Census Finder has statewide links to online indexes, then countywide links, including indexes, transcriptions, scanned copies. The links on this site are often difficult to use.
  • Two other websites that have links to other sites are Census Online and Access Genealogy. Some of the addresses are not current.

Footnotes

  1. Only Anne Arundel County is indexed for 1880.
  2. Residents of what is now Garrett County were part of Allegany County in 1870 and indexed under Allegany County.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 Ancestry implies they have all mortality schedules indexed and images available online. No such indexes or images appear for Maryland.
  4. 4.0 4.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.



OLD

United States  >  U.S. Census  >  Maine   >  Maine_Census

Available and Lost Census Schedules

MAINE:  Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules[1]
  Population Schedules Vets Slave Mortal Agricu Indust Defect
1790 Aug 2 Exist for all counties.            
1800 Aug 4 Exist for all counties, except part of York County (missing Hiram and Sandford).            
1810 Aug 6 Exist for all counties, except half of Oxford County is missing.            
1820 Aug 7 Exist for all counties, except part of Washington (missing Houlton Plantation and North Limerick).         Exist  
1830 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.            
1840 Jun 1 Exist for all counties. Exist          
1850 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.            
1860 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.              
1870 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.            
1880 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.            
1890 Jun 2 Lost  Exist          
1900 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.            
1910 Apr 15 Exist for all counties.            
1920 Jan 1 Exist for all counties.            
1930 Apr 1 Exist for all counties.            
1940 Public release coming in 2012            


Availability

1790-1930 Federal Census Records--All federal census records 1790 to 1930 are available for Maine with the following exceptions:

                        1800--Some of York County is missing.

                        1810--Half of Oxford County is missing.

                        1820--Some of Washington County is missing.

Many federal census records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The United States Census article provides detailed information about these records.

1800-1840 Census Records in the Family History Library Catalog--The Maine census records from 1800 to 1840, are not listed by year in the Family History Library Catalog. They are listed  under the heading Maine - Census. 

1850 United States Census—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

1860 United States Census—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.

 1870 United States Census---A free internet index and images can be viewed on FamilySearch Record Pilot site. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.

1880 United States Census– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site. This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.

1900 Federal Census - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the  FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.

Historical Background

Maine became a state in 1820. In the time period of the 1790, 1800 and 1810 census Maine was known as Maine District, a part of Massachusetts. For searching purposes, the 1790-1810 census records are listed under the state of Maine.

Indexes

1790-1930 Online Index--All federal census records for Maine are indexed online at www.ancestry.com.

The following indexes are available at the Family History library: 1790-1850 Indexes--The Family History Library has statewide indexes for the 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, and 1850 censuses in book and microfiche format.

1850-1870 Indexes--The library also has a partial index of some counties and some towns for the 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses.

  • Maine Census Indexes, 1850-1870. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1953. (Family History Library films 009734-8) Sorted alphabetically by town, then census year. Lists head of household and page number in census.

1880, 1900, 1920 Indexes--Soundex (phonetic) indexes are available for part of the 1880 census and all of the 1900 and 1920 censuses.

Town Indexes--Town indexes can sometimes help you find names overlooked in statewide indexes. A few town indexes are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under MAINE, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - CENSUS.

Special Censuses

Mortality Schedules

1850-1880--The 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses have mortality schedules, which are lists of the people who died in the year before the census was taken. The Family History Library, Maine State Archives, and the National Archives have copies of the mortality schedules. The Family History Library film numbers are listed below: 

                        1850 (Family History Library film 009739)

                        1860 (Family History Library film 009740)

                        1870 (Family History Library film 009741)

                        1880 (Family History Library film 1841575)

1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months prior to the 1850 census.  Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.


Mortality Schedules 1850-1880


Veterans’ Censuses

1840 Federal Census--A listing was made of Revolutionary War veterans that included the age of the veteran, the place where he was living, and the name of the head of the household . An index is:

  • A General Index to A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Service, 1840. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1965. (Family History Library book 973 X2pc 1965 index; fiche 6046771; film 899835) The census of pensioners is published in:
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. (Family History Library book 973 X2pc 1840; film 2321)

1890 Federal Census--The 1890 census has a veterans schedule, which lists the veterans or their widows who were living when the census was taken. Ancestry subscribers can access these records online.

For a copy of the veterans schedule, see:

  • Jackson, Ronald Vern. Maine 1890 Veterans Census Index. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1990. (Family History Library book 974.1 X22j 1890)
  • United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. Washington, D.C.: The National Archives, 1948. (Family History Library films for Maine 338165-6)

State Censuses

1837 State Census--A state census was taken in 1837, but only the schedules for Portland, Bangor, Eliot, and unincorporated areas still exist. The census names the head of each household and lists the ages of other persons in the household. It excludes unnaturalized foreigners who were not living in Maine before 1833 and untaxed indians. This census is not at the Family History Library. The schedules for Portland, Bangor, and unincorporated areas are at the Maine State Archives.  The Maine Historical Society has the Eliot section. This census is also known as the Maine Special 1837 Census and it is online.

1904 State Census--Only for Kennebunkport, York County:

1905 State Census--Only for Scarboro, Cumberland County:

Web Sites

Ancestry:  http://www.ancestry.com

Heritage Quest Online:  http://www.heritagequestonline.com

Census Online:  http://www.census-online.com/links/ME/

Genealogy Today:  http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/me/census.html

Access Genealogy:  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/maine.htm

National Archives:  http://www.archives.gov/

Maine State Archives and Libraries:  http://statearchives.us/maine.htm

Maine Historical Society:  http://www.mainehistory.org/

Mortality Schedules:  http://mortalityschedules.com/

References

Maine Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
  1. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 60-67, and William Dollarhide, The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes (Bountiful, Utah: HeritageQuest, 1999), 104, and A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: with Their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshals of the Several Judicial Districts, under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census (Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives, 1841), 49-61. Digitized by Google Book in 2008.