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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Maryland, United States Genealogy|Maryland]] ''
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{{US NARA HR Infobox
 
|CID=CID1838829  
 
|CID=CID1838829  
 
|title=Maryland Naturalization Indexes, 1797-1951
 
|title=Maryland Naturalization Indexes, 1797-1951
|location=United States}}<br>
+
|location=Maryland
 +
| LOC_01 = Maryland
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type = Naturalization Indexes
 +
| record_group_nr =21
 +
| record_group_title =[https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/021.html Records of  District Courts of the United States]
 +
| start_year = 1797
 +
| end_year = 1951
 +
| micro_pub_nr =M1168
 +
| micro_pub_title = Indexes to Naturalization Petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for Maryland, 1797-1951 
 +
| micro_pub_rolls =25
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
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| micro_pub_title_04 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
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| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement =
 +
| NAID =
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[Maryland, United States Genealogy|Maryland]] 
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [[Maryland Naturalization and Citizenship|Maryland Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1854313?collectionNameFilter=false Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1931]
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [[Maryland Archives and Libraries]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 = [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=348&query=%2Bplace%3A%22United%20States%2C%20Maryland%22%20%2Bkeywords%3Anaturalization FamilySearch Library Catalog] 
 +
| FS_URL_06 =
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 =[http://guide.mdsa.net/viewer.cfm?page=naturalization Maryland State Archives]
 +
| RW_URL_02 =[http://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization/420-major-immigration-laws.pdf NARA Immigration and Naturalization Laws]
 +
| RW_URL_03 =[https://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization NARA Naturalization Records]
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| RW_URL_04 =
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| RW_URL_06 =
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| RW_URL_07 =
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| RW_URL_08 =
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| RW_URL_09 =
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| RW_URL_10 =
 +
}}
  
== Record Description  ==
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
  
The collection consists of six separate alphabetic indexes to naturalization petitions filed in the U.S. Circuit and District courts of Maryland from 1797 to 1951. Each index comprises a specific time period. 1797-1906, Oct 1906-Apr 1915, Apr 1915-Apr 1920, Apr 1920-Oct 1925, Nov 1925-Dec 1951, and the sixth is an index to aliens who joined the U.S. military between May 1918 and Apr 1923. The collection corresponds to NARA M1168. Index courtesy of [http://www.fold3.com/institution-index.php Fold3] (previously Footnote.com).  
+
The collection consists of six separate alphabetic indexes to naturalization petitions filed in the U.S. Circuit and District courts of Maryland from 1797 to 1951. Each index comprises a specific time period.
  
=== Additional Information About Naturalization Records  ===
+
*Rolls 1 -18, 1797-1906
 +
*Roll 18,    Oct 1906-Apr 1915, Apr 1915-Apr 1920, Apr 1920-Oct 1925
 +
*Rolls 18-24, Nov 1925-Dec 1951
 +
*Rolls 24-25, An index to aliens who joined the U.S. military between May 1918 and Apr 1923.
 +
 
 +
The collection corresponds to NARA M1168. Index courtesy of [http://www.fold3.com/institution-index.php Fold3] (previously Footnote.com).
  
 
The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to 1906 each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906, many entries were typewritten.  
 
The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to 1906 each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906, many entries were typewritten.  
 +
While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information. The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.
  
While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.
+
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen. No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).  
 
 
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.
 
 
 
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.  
 
 
 
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).  
 
 
 
 
Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.  
 
Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.  
  
 
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. New York’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.  
 
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. New York’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.  
  
The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.
 
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
 
 
{{Collection citation | text= "Maryland, Naturalization Indexes, 1797-1951" Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "Indexes to Naturalization Petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for Maryland, 1797-1951." <i>Fold3.com</i>. http://www.fold3.com : n.d.}}
 
 
[[Maryland, Naturalization Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
  
== Record Content  ==
+
== What Can these Records Tell Me? ==
  
The cards include the following:  
+
The '''cards''' include:  
  
 
*Petition number  
 
*Petition number  
Line 42: Line 79:
 
*Volume and page number of the petition
 
*Volume and page number of the petition
  
Some of the cards also show:  
+
Some of the '''cards''' also show:  
  
 
*Declaration number  
 
*Declaration number  
Line 50: Line 87:
 
*Date of issuance
 
*Date of issuance
  
Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:  
+
Declaration of Intent and '''Naturalization Petitions''' usually included the following:  
  
 
*Name of the immigrant  
 
*Name of the immigrant  
Line 59: Line 96:
 
*Signature of judge or court official
 
*Signature of judge or court official
  
In post-1906 records, you may also find:  
+
In '''post-1906 records''', you may also find:  
  
 
*Birth date  
 
*Birth date  
Line 74: Line 111:
 
*Residence of spouse
 
*Residence of spouse
  
== How to Use the Record  ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 +
You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search, it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of your ancestor
 +
*The approximate date and place of naturalization
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.  
  
You may need to look at many cards to find the one you are seeking. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
+
=== Search the Index ===
 +
Search by name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1838829 Collection Page].  
 +
#Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
 +
#Click '''Search''' to show possible matches
  
When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
  
*The full name of your ancestor
 
*The approximate immigration and naturalization dates
 
*The ancestor’s residence
 
  
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.  
+
For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
Use the locator information found in the index (such as name of court, page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.  
+
{{Tip | More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1838829 Maryland, naturalization indexes : 1797-1951]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.}}
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.  
+
==What Do I Do Next?==
 
+
=== I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now? ===
For example, you can&nbsp;use naturalization records to:
+
*Use the information to find other records such as emigrations, port records, and ship’s manifests.
 
+
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts. An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
 
*Confirm their date of arrival
 
 
*Learn foreign and “Americanized” names  
 
*Learn foreign and “Americanized” names  
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
+
*Learn the place of origin and find church and vital records such as birth, baptism, marriage, and death records.  Also search for military, land and probate records.
 +
*Use the information to find additional family members in censuses.
 +
*Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
 +
*[[Maryland Church Records| Church Records]] often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
  
You may also find these tips helpful:  
+
=== I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now? === 
 +
*Try viewing the original record. Indexes and transcriptions may not include all the data found in the original records. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relatives that can be verified by records.
 +
*If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search. 
 +
*Try variant spellings of your ancestor’s name.
 +
*Remember that sometimes individuals went by [http://usgenweb.org/research/nicknames.html nicknames] or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for [http://genealogy.about.com/od/first_names/fl/nickname-given-name-equivalents.htm these names] as well. 
 +
*Search the indexes and records of [[Maryland, United States Genealogy]].
 +
*Search in the [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=348&query=%2Bplace%3A%22United%20States%2C%20Maryland%22%20%2Bkeywords%3Anaturalization FamilySearch Library Catalog]
  
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
+
== Citing this Collection ==
*An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
 
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
 
*Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
 
*The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
 
*You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
 
  
If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:  
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  <br><br>
 +
'''Collection Citation'''<br>
 +
{{Collection citation | text= "Maryland, Naturalization Indexes, 1797-1951" Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017.From "Indexes to Naturalization Petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for Maryland, 1797-1951." Database. Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1168. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982.}}
  
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
+
*Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br>
*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
+
{{Record Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1838829
== Related Websites  ==
+
|title=Maryland Naturalization Indexes, 1797-1951
 
+
}}
[http://guide.mdsa.net/viewer.cfm?page=naturalization Maryland State Archives]
 
 
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
 
 
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Maryland Maryland]
 
*[[Maryland Naturalization and Citizenship|Maryland Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 
 
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
 
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
 
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
'''[[#top|Top of Page]]'''
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
[[Category:Maryland|Naturalization]]
+
{{Contributor invite}}
 +
[[Category:NARA_Naturalization_and_Citizenship_Records]]

Latest revision as of 16:14, 16 August 2017

United States Gotoarrow.png Maryland

Access the Records
Maryland Naturalization Indexes, 1797-1951 .
CID1838829
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
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{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Maryland, United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Naturalization Indexes
Record Group RG 21: Records of District Courts of the United States
Collection years 1797-1951
Microfilm Publication M1168. Indexes to Naturalization Petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for Maryland, 1797-1951. 25 rolls.
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

The collection consists of six separate alphabetic indexes to naturalization petitions filed in the U.S. Circuit and District courts of Maryland from 1797 to 1951. Each index comprises a specific time period.

  • Rolls 1 -18, 1797-1906
  • Roll 18, Oct 1906-Apr 1915, Apr 1915-Apr 1920, Apr 1920-Oct 1925
  • Rolls 18-24, Nov 1925-Dec 1951
  • Rolls 24-25, An index to aliens who joined the U.S. military between May 1918 and Apr 1923.

The collection corresponds to NARA M1168. Index courtesy of Fold3 (previously Footnote.com).

The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to 1906 each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906, many entries were typewritten. While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information. The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.

Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen. No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.

Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. New York’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.


What Can these Records Tell Me?

The cards include:

  • Petition number
  • Date of petition
  • Volume and page number of the petition

Some of the cards also show:

  • Declaration number
  • Date of declaration
  • Volume and page number of the declaration
  • Certification number
  • Date of issuance

Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:

  • Name of the immigrant
  • Country of birth
  • Arrival date
  • Date of Declaration of Intent or Naturalization
  • Names of witnesses
  • Signature of judge or court official

In post-1906 records, you may also find:

  • Birth date
  • Birthplace
  • Age
  • Race
  • Last foreign residence
  • Current residence
  • Arrival place
  • Marital status
  • Name of spouse
  • Maiden name of wife
  • Birth date of spouse
  • Residence of spouse

How Do I Search the Collection?

You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • The approximate date and place of naturalization

If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.

  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.


For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the information to find other records such as emigrations, port records, and ship’s manifests.
  • Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts. An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Learn the place of origin and find church and vital records such as birth, baptism, marriage, and death records. Also search for military, land and probate records.
  • Use the information to find additional family members in censuses.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record. Indexes and transcriptions may not include all the data found in the original records. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relatives that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Try variant spellings of your ancestor’s name.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search the indexes and records of Maryland, United States Genealogy.
  • Search in the FamilySearch Library Catalog

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation

"Maryland, Naturalization Indexes, 1797-1951" Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017.From "Indexes to Naturalization Petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for Maryland, 1797-1951." Database. Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1168. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982.


Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Maryland Naturalization Indexes, 1797-1951.


Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.