Difference between revisions of "Massachusetts State Census, 1855 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1459985 |title=Massachusetts State Census, 1855|location=United States}}<br>
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Massachusetts, United States Genealogy|Massachusetts]] ''
  
== Record Description ==
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{{US State HR Infobox
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|CID=CID1459985
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|title=Massachusetts State Census, 1855
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|location=Massachusetts
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| LOC_01 = Massachusetts
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| LOC_02 =
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| LOC_02_type =
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| LOC_03 =   
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| loc_map =
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| state_loc_map = US Locator Massachusetts.png
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| State_flag = Massachusetts flag.png
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| record_type =State Census
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| start_year = 1855
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| end_year =
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| FS_URL_01 =
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| FS_URL_02 = 
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| FS_URL_03 =
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| FS_URL_04 =
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| FS_URL_05 =
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| FS_URL_06 =
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| FS_URL_07 = 
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| FS_URL_08 = 
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| FS_URL_09 = 
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| FS_URL_10 = 
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| RW_URL_01 =
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| RW_URL_02 = 
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| RW_URL_03 = 
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| RW_URL_04 = 
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| RW_URL_05 = 
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| custodian = 
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}}
  
This census was taken beginning June 1, 1855.
 
  
The census schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by street in order of visitation. The census schedules are well preserved at the Massachusetts State Archives and they have been microfilmed.
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== What is in the Collection? ==
  
In 1855, the legislature directed that a census be taken on June 1 of that year and every 10 years thereafter. The census schedules were delivered to the State Secretary and eventually sent to the State Archives for safe keeping. The census schedules are well preserved at the Massachusetts State Archives and they have been microfilmed.  
+
The collection consists of an index and images of population schedules listing inhabitants of the State of Massachusetts in 1855. Suffolk County is currently missing 155 images which will be added later. This project was indexed in partnership with the New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS).  
  
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1459985/waypoints Browse].  
+
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/1459985/waypoints Browse].  
  
The state census of Massachusetts was taken in order to enumerate the population for representation purposes.
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{{Collection_Browse_Link
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|CID=CID1459985
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|title=Massachusetts State Census, 1855
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|}}
  
Censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor.
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== Collection Contents ==
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 +
Image:Massachusetts 1855 Census.jpg|Massachusetts 1855 Census
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</gallery>
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
+
The census includes:  
 
+
{{Collection citation | text= "Massachusetts State Census, 1855." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Secretary of the Commonwealth. State Archives, Boston.}}
+
 
+
[[Massachusetts 1855 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
 
+
== Record Content  ==
+
 
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Genealogical information in the census:  
+
 
+
[[Image:Massachusetts 1855 Census.jpg|thumb|right]]
+
  
 
*Name  
 
*Name  
Line 38: Line 62:
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Some on-line indexes, such as indexes to FamilySearch Historical Records, will take you directly to an image. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know  
  
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
+
*Name of your ancestor  
 +
*Identifying information such as age and birthplace
  
For example:  
+
'''To search the collection by name:'''<br>Fill in the requested information on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
  
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
+
'''To browse by image:'''<br>To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "County" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Town, Ward" which takes you to the images
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
+
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
+
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
+
*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
+
*Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
+
  
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
+
Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.  
  
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.  
+
Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
  
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
+
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times
  
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 +
 +
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 +
 +
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 +
 +
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:
 +
 +
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
 +
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
 +
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
 +
 +
=== Tips to Keep in Mind  ===
 +
 +
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 +
*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
 +
*Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
 +
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
 +
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
Line 63: Line 103:
 
*The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
 
*The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
  
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: [[United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)]].  
+
{{Tip|Don't overlook {{FHL|Massachusetts, State Census Records|keywords|disp}} items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see the wiki article [[Massachusetts Archives and Libraries]]. }}
  
<br>
+
== General Information About These Records  ==
 +
 
 +
In 1855, the legislature directed that a census be taken on June 1 of that year and every 10 years thereafter. The census schedules were delivered to the State Secretary and eventually sent to the State Archives for safe keeping. The census schedules are well preserved at the Massachusetts State Archives and they have been microfilmed.
 +
 
 +
The state censuses of Massachusetts were taken in order to enumerate the population for representation purposes. Censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor.
 +
 
 +
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: [[United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)]].
  
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Massachusetts 1855 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org] Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
+
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Massachusetts, State Census, 1855 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org] Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/massachusetts.htm Census Finder]
+
*[http://www.censusfinder.com/massachusetts.htm Census Finder]  
*[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcgen/genidx.htm#census Massachusetts Archive]
+
*[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcgen/genidx.htm#census Massachusetts Archive]  
*[http://www.newhorizonsgenealogicalservices.com/ma-census.htm New Horizons Genealogy]
+
*[http://www.newhorizonsgenealogicalservices.com/ma-census.htm New Horizons Genealogy]  
 
*[http://www.recordsbase.com/?act=census&fc=86&fck=massachusetts&utm_source=adw&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=census&creativeid=g10181376224&utm_term=massachusetts%20census&group=adw-massachusetts-census&network=g&site=&ran=1817387801380216582&target=&aceid=&asl=%5bname%5d&pos=1o1&mob=&match=b&location=massachusetts&gclid=CKHY_Kv3_LUCFZE-Mgodr3wAHA Records Base]
 
*[http://www.recordsbase.com/?act=census&fc=86&fck=massachusetts&utm_source=adw&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=census&creativeid=g10181376224&utm_term=massachusetts%20census&group=adw-massachusetts-census&network=g&site=&ran=1817387801380216582&target=&aceid=&asl=%5bname%5d&pos=1o1&mob=&match=b&location=massachusetts&gclid=CKHY_Kv3_LUCFZE-Mgodr3wAHA Records Base]
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
*[[Massachusetts]]  
+
*[[Massachusetts, United States Genealogy|Massachusetts]]
 +
*[[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide]]  
 
*[[Massachusetts Census|Massachusetts Census]]
 
*[[Massachusetts Census|Massachusetts Census]]
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
== How You Can Contribute ==
  
{{Contributor invite}}<br>  
+
{{Contributor invite}}<br>
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
== Citing this Collection ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
 
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection ===
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Massachusetts State Census, 1855." Database with images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Secretary of the Commonwealth. State Archives, Boston.}} <br><br>
  
"Massachusetts, State Census, 1855," index and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MQW5-NCJ&nbsp;: accessed 22 May 2012), Ellen L Phillips in household of Ebenezer Phillips, Williamsburg, Hampshire, Massachusetts; citing Massachusetts State Census Records, FHL microfilm 000,953,947; Secretary of the Commonwealth, Massachusetts State Archives, Boston Massachusetts, United states.
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'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1459985
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|title=Massachusetts State Census, 1855
 +
}}
  
[[Category:Massachusetts|Census]]
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'''Image Citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1459985
 +
|title=Massachusetts State Census, 1855
 +
}}

Latest revision as of 20:45, 10 August 2016

United States Gotoarrow.png Massachusetts

Access the Records
Massachusetts State Census, 1855 .
CID1459985
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Massachusetts, United States
Massachusetts flag.png
Flag of Massachusetts
US Locator Massachusetts.png
Location of Massachusetts
Record Description
Record Type State Census
Collection years 1855
Archive


What is in the Collection?

The collection consists of an index and images of population schedules listing inhabitants of the State of Massachusetts in 1855. Suffolk County is currently missing 155 images which will be added later. This project was indexed in partnership with the New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS).

For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Massachusetts State Census, 1855.

Collection Contents

The census includes:

  • Name
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Occupation
  • Birthplace

How to Use the Records

To begin your search it is helpful to know

  • Name of your ancestor
  • Identifying information such as age and birthplace

To search the collection by name:
Fill in the requested information on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

To browse by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "County"
⇒Select the appropriate "Town, Ward" which takes you to the images

Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.

Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times

  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
  • Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
  • Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
  • The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.

General Information About These Records

In 1855, the legislature directed that a census be taken on June 1 of that year and every 10 years thereafter. The census schedules were delivered to the State Secretary and eventually sent to the State Archives for safe keeping. The census schedules are well preserved at the Massachusetts State Archives and they have been microfilmed.

The state censuses of Massachusetts were taken in order to enumerate the population for representation purposes. Censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor.

For a summary of this information see the wiki article: United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records).

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.


Collection Citation:

"Massachusetts State Census, 1855." Database with images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Secretary of the Commonwealth. State Archives, Boston.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Massachusetts State Census, 1855.

Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Massachusetts State Census, 1855.