Difference between revisions of "Massachusetts Genealogy Guide"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Fixed link)
(Fixed formatting in Archives)
(26 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
''[[United States]]'' [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] '''Massachusetts'''<br>  
 
''[[United States]]'' [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] '''Massachusetts'''<br>  
  
This is a genealogical and historical guide to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and its state-level records. You will find help with state vital records, histories, church archives, newspaper collections, genealogical libraries, understanding the court system, military records, and immigration and naturalization records.<br>  
+
This is a genealogical and historical guide to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and its state-level records. You will find help with state vital records, histories, church archives, newspaper collections, genealogical libraries, understanding the court system, military records, and immigration and naturalization records.<br><br> {{MACountiesMap}}__TOC__
  
 
== Massachusetts History  ==
 
== Massachusetts History  ==
Line 183: Line 183:
  
 
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts is divided into fourteen counties. It is there that most court and land records are found. The most of the other commonly used records will be at the town level. Use the guide below to link to the county you want:<br>  
 
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts is divided into fourteen counties. It is there that most court and land records are found. The most of the other commonly used records will be at the town level. Use the guide below to link to the county you want:<br>  
<center>[[Barnstable County, Massachusetts|Barnstable (1685)]] - [[Berkshire County, Massachusetts|Berkshire (1761)]] - [[Bristol County, Massachusetts|Bristol (1685)]]<br>[[Dukes County, Massachusetts|Dukes (1683/1695)]] - [[Essex County, Massachusetts|Essex (1643)]] - [[Franklin County, Massachusetts|Franklin (1811)]]<br>[[Hampden County, Massachusetts|Hampden (1812)]] - [[Hampshire County, Massachusetts|Hampshire (1662)]] - [[Middlesex County, Massachusetts|Middlesex (1643)]]<br>[[Nantucket County, Massachusetts|Nantucket (1695)]] - [[Norfolk County, Massachusetts|Norfolk (1793)]] - [[Plymouth County Massachusetts genealogy|Plymouth (1685)]]<br>[[Suffolk County, Massachusetts|Suffolk (1643)]] - [[Worcester County, Massachusetts|Worcester (1731)]] </center>
+
<center>[[Barnstable County, Massachusetts|Barnstable (1685)]] - [[Berkshire County, Massachusetts|Berkshire (1761)]] - [[Bristol County, Massachusetts|Bristol (1685)]]<br>[[Dukes County, Massachusetts|Dukes (1683/1695)]] - [[Essex County, Massachusetts|Essex (1643)]] - [[Franklin County, Massachusetts|Franklin (1811)]]<br>[[Hampden County, Massachusetts|Hampden (1812)]] - [[Hampshire County, Massachusetts|Hampshire (1662)]] - [[Middlesex County, Massachusetts|Middlesex (1643)]]<br>[[Nantucket County, Massachusetts|Nantucket (1695)]] - [[Norfolk County, Massachusetts|Norfolk (1793)]] - [[Plymouth County Massachusetts genealogy|Plymouth (1685)]]<br>[[Suffolk County, Massachusetts|Suffolk (1643)]] - [[Worcester County, Massachusetts|Worcester (1731)]] </center>  
 
+
<br> Massachusetts was created from two colonies in 1691. So records before that time would be part of:<br>  
 
+
<center>[[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony (1629)]] - [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony (1620)]] </center>  
Massachusetts was created from two colonies in 1691. So records before that time would be part of:<br>  
+
<br> Other extinct jurisdictions:<br>  
<center>[[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony (1629)]] - [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony (1620)]] </center>
 
 
 
 
 
Other extinct jurisdictions:<br>  
 
  
 
*[[Norfolk (old) County, Massachusetts|Old Norfolk]], 1643-1680, which was all that north of the Merrimack River and south of the Piscataqua River being then the settled part of what became the royal province of New Hampshire in 1680 (except for roughly two to three miles above the Merrimack River).<br>  
 
*[[Norfolk (old) County, Massachusetts|Old Norfolk]], 1643-1680, which was all that north of the Merrimack River and south of the Piscataqua River being then the settled part of what became the royal province of New Hampshire in 1680 (except for roughly two to three miles above the Merrimack River).<br>  
Line 196: Line 192:
 
*[[Maine|Maine]], records for this region called the District of Maine with counties of its own will all be found under Maine. Only high court and legislative records will be found under their Massachusetts headings.<br>
 
*[[Maine|Maine]], records for this region called the District of Maine with counties of its own will all be found under Maine. Only high court and legislative records will be found under their Massachusetts headings.<br>
  
Non-town names:<br>
+
Non-town names:<br>  
  
This is a list of archaic community, district, neighborhood section, and village names in Massachusetts that will not have a page on this wiki but are important to know their location.
+
This is a list of archaic community, district, neighborhood section, and village names in Massachusetts that will not have a page on this wiki but are important to know their location.  
  
 
*[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/cis/cisuno/unoidx.htm Secretary of the Commonwealth's Archaic Names List].<br>
 
*[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/cis/cisuno/unoidx.htm Secretary of the Commonwealth's Archaic Names List].<br>
  
{{anchor|bib00}}
+
{{anchor|bib00}}  
  
 
=== Histories and Genealogies  ===
 
=== Histories and Genealogies  ===
Line 208: Line 204:
 
This is a lengthy and detailed list of books and articles relating to general topics for Massachusetts. The focus was on books published before 1995, so newer books are welcome additions to this list. The bibliography is divided into several topical groups plus a general section.<br>  
 
This is a lengthy and detailed list of books and articles relating to general topics for Massachusetts. The focus was on books published before 1995, so newer books are welcome additions to this list. The bibliography is divided into several topical groups plus a general section.<br>  
  
{| width="35%" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;" class="wikitable"
+
{| width="35%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
 
|-
 
|-
 
! colspan="3" | Quick Links to Massachusetts Bibliography
 
! colspan="3" | Quick Links to Massachusetts Bibliography
Line 411: Line 407:
 
[http://www.fold3.com/ '''fold3.com ($)''']  
 
[http://www.fold3.com/ '''fold3.com ($)''']  
  
This site has the [http://www.fold3.com/title_92/massachusetts_vital_records_index_18411895/ statewide vital records index, 1841-1895] that is searchable, but also browsable in its original form: separate birth, marriage, and death with separate indexes for each five-year period.  
+
This site has the [http://www.fold3.com/title_92/massachusetts_vital_records_index_18411895/ statewide vital records index, 1841-1895] that is searchable, but also browsable in its original form: separate birth, marriage, and death with separate indexes for each five-year period.<br>
 +
 
 +
'''Ancestry''' has the following Massachusetts Vital Record Indexes:<br>
 +
 
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5062 Mass. Birth Index, 1840-1915] ($) [''the NEHGS index''].<br>
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2511 Mass. Marriage Index, 1840-1915] ($) [''the NEHGS index''].<br>
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2101 Mass. Death Index, 1841-1915] ($) [''the NEHGS index''].<br>
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3928 Mass. Birth Index, 1901-1960, 1967-1970] ($).<br>
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2966 Mass. Marriage Index, 1901-1955, 1966-1970] ($).<br>
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3659 Mass. Death Index, 1901-1980] ($).<br>
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#vr00|Top of VRs]]</center>  
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#vr00|Top of VRs]]</center>  
 
{{anchor|vr04}}  
 
{{anchor|vr04}}  
Line 423: Line 428:
 
Every five years, another block of five years is transferred to the State Archives and at the same time is made available through the New England Historic Genealogical Society and to the Family History Library. This office restricts access only by the fact that they are the only ones with the records. These records are open to the public. The original town copies are always open to the public.<br>  
 
Every five years, another block of five years is transferred to the State Archives and at the same time is made available through the New England Historic Genealogical Society and to the Family History Library. This office restricts access only by the fact that they are the only ones with the records. These records are open to the public. The original town copies are always open to the public.<br>  
  
Ancestry.com has the following index only:  
+
Ancestry has the following Massachusetts Vital Record Indexes:<br>
  
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7457 Death Index, 1970-2003] ($)<br>
+
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3928 Mass. Birth Index, 1901-1960, 1967-1970] ($).<br>
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2966 Mass. Marriage Index, 1901-1955, 1966-1970] ($).<br>
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3659 Mass. Death Index, 1901-1980] ($).<br>
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7457 Death Index, 1970-2003] ($).<br>
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#vr00|Top of VRs]]</center>  
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#vr00|Top of VRs]]</center>  
 
{{anchor|vr05}}  
 
{{anchor|vr05}}  
Line 570: Line 578:
 
=== Land Records  ===
 
=== Land Records  ===
  
The earliest settlers in this region were issued patents or charters directly or through various types of companies established for settlement and/or trade. See the [[#Historical_Data|Historical Data]] table to identify these early documents. Once the two major colonies were settled (i.e. [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony]] and [[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony]]), land was distributed by their colonial governments through grants. [[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony]] established a county system in 1643 and land was recorded in the county deeds from then on. [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony]] used a centralized system and recorded these deeds colony-wide from 1620 to 1685 until it finally established a county system in 1685. The land records for the area now called [[Maine|Maine]] were always kept separately first entirely as was later was called York County. For each of these areas, land was granted for many years after the initial settlement as the colony expanded into uncharted territory given to it under the various patents and charters. All subsequent sales were recorded by the county. Though the vast majority of land transactions were recorded, it was not a requirement that this be done. It was in the best interest of the owner to do so, and legal advantages were given to such recordings. To search for land records, see the guide for the [[#Counties|county]] of interest and use the resources found there<br>  
+
The earliest settlers in this region were issued patents or charters directly or through various types of companies established for settlement and/or trade. See the [[#Historical_Data|Historical Data]] table to identify these early documents. Once the two major colonies were settled (i.e. [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony]] and [[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony]]), land was distributed by their colonial governments through grants. [[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony]] established a county system in 1643 and land was recorded in the county deeds from then on. [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony]] used a centralized system and recorded these deeds colony-wide from 1620 to 1685 until it finally established a county system in 1685. The land records for the area now called [[Maine|Maine]] were always kept separately first entirely as was later was called York County. For each of these areas, land was granted for many years after the initial settlement as the colony expanded into uncharted territory given to it under the various patents and charters. All subsequent sales were recorded by the county. Though the vast majority of land transactions were recorded, it was not a requirement that this be done. It was in the best interest of the owner to do so, and legal advantages were given to such recordings. To search for land records, see the guide for the [[#Counties|county]] of interest and use the resources found there.<br><br>For counties with online records, the "recorded land" is what is microfilmed and constitutes the majority of the records. There are "registered land" deeds that go through land court. These are deeds are court approved as having clear title (i.e. no encumbrances). It you do not find anything in the first section, always search registered land for deeds since 1899.<br>  
  
 
{{anchor|court00}}  
 
{{anchor|court00}}  
Line 578: Line 586:
 
This is the history of the court system. It is broken up into historical periods and then a discussion of special courts, records, legal definitions, and bibliography. Realize that except for the upper courts, all records and actions were on the county level. To find detailed information regarding a particular county's courts, see that county page from the [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Counties|links provided above]].  
 
This is the history of the court system. It is broken up into historical periods and then a discussion of special courts, records, legal definitions, and bibliography. Realize that except for the upper courts, all records and actions were on the county level. To find detailed information regarding a particular county's courts, see that county page from the [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Counties|links provided above]].  
  
{| width="85%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
+
{| width="85%" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;" class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
 
! colspan="3" | Quick Links to court history
 
! colspan="3" | Quick Links to court history
Line 788: Line 796:
 
=== Census  ===
 
=== Census  ===
  
This section is focused on statewide, non-Federal census. Though many types of substitute records exist, only censuses will be addressed here.<br><br>The first census was taken in 1765. It enumerated statistically the number of houses, families, and people who were categorized under white males, white females (each with the number above and below age 16), Negro and Mulatto, Indians (each with the number of males and females), and French Neutrals (male and female, both above and below age 16). The town tallies were published at the end of Benton's book listed below.<br><br>The Provincial Congress needing to raise funds in 1775 determined it should be done by the population of the colonies. By an act on 16 Feb. 1776, the General Court of Massachusetts ordered a census to be taken to include the name of the heads of each family, number of white people, number of Negroes and Mulattoes, and the whole number within each family. These returned were to be submitted by each town.<br><br>The Congress again wanted an enumeration in 1781, but that resulted in creating estimates based on the current polls at the time. The Congress requested another census on 17 Feb. 1783 and Massachusetts responded in 1784 for an "accurate account of the quantity of land within this Commonwealth granted to, or surveyed for, any person, the number of buildings thereon, and of its inhabitants." Returns by town were to be made to the Secretary of the Commonwealth as of 1 Sept. 1784.<br><br>Massachusetts took two censuses in 1837 - one of inhabitants and the other of ratable polls. In 1840, the Commonwealth elected to take their own census along with the one the Federal government was doing. The state count was roughly 20,000 less than the Federal tally for 1840 and 1850. The Commonwealth started its own decennial census in 1855 and these continued through 1975. The only surviving schedules are for 1855 and 1865, and returns for 1915. The Legislature decided to change the basis of representation in the state from inhabitants to legal voters in 1857. At the same time, they repealed the duplicate state census they conducted along side the Federal census. The provision for legal voters was repealed in 1860 and that tally was done in conjunction with the decennial censuses of the state on the fifth year.<br><br>For 1855, the census recorded every person by name in the household, age, sex, color, occupation, place of birth, and whether a person was deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict. Enumerators is twenty-two (22) towns listed the exact place of birth. These towns are:<br>Abington, Andover, Brimfield, Brookline, Carlisle, Dennis, Enfield, Harwich, Holland, Ipswich, Marshfield, New Ashford, North Attleboro, Pembroke, Provinctown, Shutesbury, Wayland, Wellfleet, Westport, Wilmington, and Yarmouth.<br>'''These records are available online at FamilySearch as {{RecordSearch|1459985|Massachusetts, State Census, 1855}}'''.<br><br>For 1865, the census recorded every person by name in the household, age, sex, color, place of birth, marital status, occupation, whether a person was deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict, and whether a man was a ratable poll (i.e. over 16 with enough property to be taxed), and a legal voter or a naturalized voter. Enumerators is ninety-six (96) towns listed the exact place of birth. These towns are:<br>Ashburnham, Ashfield, Bedford, Berlin, Bolton, Boxborough, Brimfield, Brookline, Carlisle, Charlestown, Chatham, Cheshire, Chester, Cummington, Dartmouth, Dennis, Dorchester, Dunstable, Edgartown, Essex, Falmouth, Florida, Foxborough, Framingham, Freetown, Gill, Gosnold, Grafton, Greenwich, Groton, Hadley, Halifax, Hancock, Harwich, Hawley, Holland, Hopkinton, Ipswich, Lee, Leicester, Lenox, Lexington, Leyden, Littleton, Lunenburg, Lynn (Wds. 3-5), Lynnfield, Marlborough, Marshfield, Melrose, Middleton, Milton, Monroe, Monson, Monterey, Needham, New Ashford, New Bedford (Wd. 4), New Salem, North Bridgewater [''now Brockton''], North Reading, Northfield, Palmer, Pepperell, Quincy, Reading, Rehoboth, Rochester, Rockport, Russell, Scituate, Sharon, Sherborn, Shutesbury, Somerset, South Danvers [''now Peabody''], Stoughton, Sutton, Swampscott, Tisbury, Uxbridge, Ware, Wareham, Watertown, Wayland, Wellfleet, Wendell, Westborough, Westford, Westminister, Weymouth, Williamsburg, Wilmington, Winthrop, and Yarmouth.<br>'''These records are available online at FamilySearch as {{RecordSearch|1410399|Massachusetts, State Census, 1865}}'''.<br><br>This is a short bibliography on the subject of censuses in Massachusetts:<br>  
+
==== State Census  ====
 +
 
 +
{| width="40%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="2" | Quick Links to State Census
 +
|-
 +
| [[#sc01|Record Lost]]
 +
| [[#sc02|Bibliography]]
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
The first census was taken in 1765. It enumerated statistically the number of houses, families, and people who were categorized under white males, white females (each with the number above and below age 16), Negro and Mulatto, Indians (each with the number of males and females), and French Neutrals (male and female, both above and below age 16). The town tallies were published at the end of Benton's book listed below.<br><br>The Provincial Congress needing to raise funds in 1775 determined it should be done by the population of the colonies. By an act on 16 Feb. 1776, the General Court of Massachusetts ordered a census to be taken to include the name of the heads of each family, number of white people, number of Negroes and Mulattoes, and the whole number within each family. These returned were to be submitted by each town.<br><br>The Congress again wanted an enumeration in 1781, but that resulted in creating estimates based on the current polls at the time. The Congress requested another census on 17 Feb. 1783 and Massachusetts responded in 1784 for an "accurate account of the quantity of land within this Commonwealth granted to, or surveyed for, any person, the number of buildings thereon, and of its inhabitants." Returns by town were to be made to the Secretary of the Commonwealth as of 1 Sept. 1784.<br><br>Massachusetts took two censuses in 1837 - one of inhabitants and the other of ratable polls. In 1840, the Commonwealth elected to take their own census along with the one the Federal government was doing. The state count was roughly 20,000 less than the Federal tally for 1840 and 1850. The Commonwealth started its own decennial census in 1855 and these continued through 1975. The only surviving schedules are for 1855 and 1865, and returns for 1915. The Legislature decided to change the basis of representation in the state from inhabitants to legal voters in 1857. At the same time, they repealed the duplicate state census they conducted along side the Federal census. The provision for legal voters was repealed in 1860 and that tally was done in conjunction with the decennial censuses of the state on the fifth year.<br><br>For 1855, the census recorded every person by name in the household, age, sex, color, occupation, place of birth, and whether a person was deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict. Enumerators in twenty-two (22) towns listed the exact place of birth. These towns are:<br>Abington, Andover, Brimfield, Brookline, Carlisle, Dennis, Enfield, Harwich, Holland, Ipswich, Marshfield, New Ashford, North Attleboro, Pembroke, Provinctown, Shutesbury, Wayland, Wellfleet, Westport, Wilmington, and Yarmouth.<br>'''These records are available online at FamilySearch as {{RecordSearch|1459985|Massachusetts, State Census, 1855}}'''.<br><br>For 1865, the census recorded every person by name in the household, age, sex, color, place of birth, marital status, occupation, whether a person was deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict, and whether a man was a ratable poll (i.e. over 16 with enough property to be taxed), and a legal voter or a naturalized voter. Enumerators in ninety-six (96) towns listed the exact place of birth. These towns are:<br>Ashburnham, Ashfield, Bedford, Berlin, Bolton, Boxborough, Brimfield, Brookline, Carlisle, Charlestown, Chatham, Cheshire, Chester, Cummington, Dartmouth, Dennis, Dorchester, Dunstable, Edgartown, Essex, Falmouth, Florida, Foxborough, Framingham, Freetown, Gill, Gosnold, Grafton, Greenwich, Groton, Hadley, Halifax, Hancock, Harwich, Hawley, Holland, Hopkinton, Ipswich, Lee, Leicester, Lenox, Lexington, Leyden, Littleton, Lunenburg, Lynn (Wds. 3-5), Lynnfield, Marlborough, Marshfield, Melrose, Middleton, Milton, Monroe, Monson, Monterey, Needham, New Ashford, New Bedford (Wd. 4), New Salem, North Bridgewater [''now Brockton''], North Reading, Northfield, Palmer, Pepperell, Quincy, Reading, Rehoboth, Rochester, Rockport, Russell, Scituate, Sharon, Sherborn, Shutesbury, Somerset, South Danvers [''now Peabody''], Stoughton, Sutton, Swampscott, Tisbury, Uxbridge, Ware, Wareham, Watertown, Wayland, Wellfleet, Wendell, Westborough, Westford, Westminister, Weymouth, Williamsburg, Wilmington, Winthrop, and Yarmouth.<br>'''These records are available online at FamilySearch as {{RecordSearch|1410399|Massachusetts, State Census, 1865}}'''.<br><br>This is a short bibliography on the subject of censuses in Massachusetts:<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Census|Top of Census]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|sc01}}
 +
 
 +
'''Record Lost'''<br>
 +
 
 +
{| width="50%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#99cc99" align="center" colspan="90" | '''State Censuses of Massachusetts'''
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1945'''
 +
| width="65%" align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1935'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1925'''
 +
| align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1915'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1905'''
 +
| align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1895'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1885'''
 +
| align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1875'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1865''' May 1
 +
| align="left" | Exist
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1855''' June 1
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | Exist
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1850'''
 +
| align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1840'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1837''' May 1
 +
| align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Census|Top of Census]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|sc02}}
 +
 
 +
'''Bibliography'''<br>  
  
 
*Josiah Henry Benton, ''Early Census Making in Massachusetts, 1643-1765, with a reproduction of the lost census of 1765 (recently found) and documents relating thereto'' (Boston, 1905), 104 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/earlycensusmaki00bentgoog Internet Archive] or [http://books.google.com/books?id=fSlXZijctyMC Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2100989 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Josiah Henry Benton, ''Early Census Making in Massachusetts, 1643-1765, with a reproduction of the lost census of 1765 (recently found) and documents relating thereto'' (Boston, 1905), 104 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/earlycensusmaki00bentgoog Internet Archive] or [http://books.google.com/books?id=fSlXZijctyMC Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2100989 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
Line 797: Line 867:
 
*Ann Smith Lainhart, ''1855 and 1865 Massachusetts State Censuses For ...'' (Boston, 1986-1992), in 64 volumes for the seventy-three (73) towns of Acton, Bedford, Billerica, Boxboro, Boxford, Bradford, Bridgewater, Brighton, Burlington, Charlestown (2v.), Chelmsford, Concord, Dracut, Dunstable, Duxbury, East Bridgewater, Essex, Georgetown, Groton, Groveland, Halifax, Hamilton, Hanover, Hanson, Hingham, Holliston, Hopkinton, Hull, Ipswich, Lexington, Lincoln, Littleton, Lynnfield, Manchester, Marlborough, Marshfield, Mattapoisett, Medford, Melrose, Middleborough, Middleton, Nahant, Natick, Newbury, North Andover, North Bridgewater [''now Brockton''], Pembroke, Plympton, Rochester, Rockport, Saugus, South Reading [''now Wakefield''], Sherborn, Shirley, Stoneham, Stow, Sudbury, Swampscott, Tewksbury, Topsfield, Townsend, Tyngsborough, Wareham, Watertown, Wayland, Wenham, West Bridgewater, West Cambridge [''now Arlington''], West Newbury, Westford, Weston, Wilmington, and Winchester.<br>  
 
*Ann Smith Lainhart, ''1855 and 1865 Massachusetts State Censuses For ...'' (Boston, 1986-1992), in 64 volumes for the seventy-three (73) towns of Acton, Bedford, Billerica, Boxboro, Boxford, Bradford, Bridgewater, Brighton, Burlington, Charlestown (2v.), Chelmsford, Concord, Dracut, Dunstable, Duxbury, East Bridgewater, Essex, Georgetown, Groton, Groveland, Halifax, Hamilton, Hanover, Hanson, Hingham, Holliston, Hopkinton, Hull, Ipswich, Lexington, Lincoln, Littleton, Lynnfield, Manchester, Marlborough, Marshfield, Mattapoisett, Medford, Melrose, Middleborough, Middleton, Nahant, Natick, Newbury, North Andover, North Bridgewater [''now Brockton''], Pembroke, Plympton, Rochester, Rockport, Saugus, South Reading [''now Wakefield''], Sherborn, Shirley, Stoneham, Stow, Sudbury, Swampscott, Tewksbury, Topsfield, Townsend, Tyngsborough, Wareham, Watertown, Wayland, Wenham, West Bridgewater, West Cambridge [''now Arlington''], West Newbury, Westford, Weston, Wilmington, and Winchester.<br>  
 
*"Old Census of Massachusetts" [''1764-65''] published in the ''Columbian Centinel'', issue 17 Aug. 1822, p. 1, cols. 2-3.<br>
 
*"Old Census of Massachusetts" [''1764-65''] published in the ''Columbian Centinel'', issue 17 Aug. 1822, p. 1, cols. 2-3.<br>
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>  
+
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Census|Top of Census]]</center>  
=== Churches ===
+
==== Federal Census ====
  
Information regarding specific churches is best found on the town pages. This guide will list demoninational archives followed by a bibliography of histories of the various churches in Massachusetts.<br>
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
 
|-
 
|-
! width="125" scope="col" | Demonination
+
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="90" | '''Massachusetts: Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules'''<ref>Anne Bruner Eales, and Robert M Kvasnicka, ed., ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/44420788 Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States, 3d ed.]'' (Washington, D.C., 2000), 34, 44-45.&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;br&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993 Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore, 1987), 60-68.&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;br&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41640325 The Census Book: A Genealogists Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes]'' (Bountiful, Utah, 1999), 111. </ref>
! width="250" scope="col" | Archive
 
! width="500" scope="col" | Description
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Baptist
+
| width="90" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Exact Date'''
| <center>Andover Newton Theological School<br>210 Herrick Rd.<br>Newton Centre MA 02459<br>617-964-1100<br>[http://www.ants.edu/ website]</center>
+
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Population Schedules'''
| The [http://www.ants.edu/library/ Franklin Trask Library] hold several dozen local area church records of now defunct churches.
+
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Veterans/ Pensioners'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Slave Owners'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Mortality'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Agricultural'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Industrial/ Manufacturers'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Defective'''
 +
| width="9%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Indian'''<ref>Only for Indian schedules taken along with Federal population schedules. </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| Congregational
+
| align="left" | '''1940''' Apr. 1
| <center>The Congregational Library<br>14 Beacon St.<br>Boston MA 02108<br>617-523-0470<br>[http://www.congregationallibrary.org/home website]</center>
+
| align="center" | Exist
| This library has a wealth of books on Congregationalism and there are [http://www.congregationallibrary.org/resources/efg-index online guides] to finding aids for manuscript collections.
+
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 
|-
 
|-
| Episcopal
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1930''' Apr. 1
| <center>Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts<br>138 Tremont St.<br>Boston MA 02111<br>617-482-5800<br>[http://www.diomass.org/ website]</center>
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
| The [http://www.diomass.org/content/archives Archives] does not maintain a list of records they hold, but consult the guide to their holdings in the bibliography below.
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 
|-
 
|-
| Episcopal
+
| align="left" | '''1920''' Jan. 1
| <center>Episcopal Diocese of Western Massachusetts<br>37 Chestnut St.<br>Springfield MA 01103<br>413-737-4786<br>[http://www.diocesewma.org/ website]</center>
+
| align="center" | Exist
| This [http://www.diocesewma.org/about-us/archives Archives] has an [http://www.diocesewma.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/INVENTORIES-SUMMARY-pdf.pdf online guide] (pdf file) that shows the few church records they hold.
+
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -
 
|-
 
|-
| Jewish
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1910''' Apr. 15
| <center>American Jewish Historical Society<br>99-101 Newbury St.<br>Boston MA 02116<br>617-226-1245<br>[http://www.ajhs.org/ website]</center>
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
| This library is within the New England Historic Genealogical Society, but maintains their own reference desk and collections. Their [http://ajhs.org/collections/newfindingaids.cfm manuscript holdings] are online.
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 
|-
 
|-
| Lutheran
+
| align="left" | '''1900''' June 1
| <center>The Lutheran Theological Seminary of Philadelphia<br>7301 Germantown Ave.<br>Philadelphia PA 19119<br>215-248-6383<br>[http://ltsp.edu/ website]</center>
+
| align="center" | Exist
| The [http://ltsp.edu/lutheran-archives-philadelphia Lutheran Archives Center at Philadelphia] holds the records of defunct churches and other records given to them, but there is no inventory of them online.
+
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 
|-
 
|-
| Methodist
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1890''' June 2
| <center>Boston University<br>School of Theology Library<br>745 Commonwealth Ave., 2nd Flr.<br>Boston MA 02215<br>617-353-1323<br>[http://www.bu.edu/sthlibrary/archives/ website]</center>
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | '''Lost'''
| The library holds a large number of church records and their [http://www.bu.edu/sthlibrary/archives/collections/neccah/records-files-state/ma-records/ online guides]. Their holdings of [http://www.bu.edu/sthlibrary/archives/collections/neccah/records-files-state/boston-records/ Boston church records] is a separate list. Also check their [http://www.bu.edu/sthlibrary/archives/collections/neccah/records-files-state/ma-files/ historical files] for non-church record material.
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 
|-
 
|-
| Presbyterian
+
| align="left" | '''1880''' June 1
| <center>Presbyterian Historical Society<br>425 Lombard St.<br>Philadelphia PA 19147<br>215-627-1852<br>[http://www.history.pcusa.org/ website]</center>
+
| align="center" | Exist
| The library does not hold any Massachusetts church records, but they have [http://www.history.pcusa.org/dbtw-wpd/Textbase5/Halls%20webQuery.htm Hall's Index Database] that will list all the churches by town and give some historical data.
+
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | -
 
|-
 
|-
| Roman Catholic
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1870''' June 1
| <center>Archives of the Archdiocese of Boston<br>66 Brooks Dr.<br>Braintree MA 02184<br>617-746-5795<br>[http://www.bostoncatholic.org/Archives.aspx website]</center>
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
| This diocese serves Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, Plymouth, and Suffolk Counties. There are online guides to parish establishments, church and cemetery records held by the archives, and other resources from their main page.
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 
|-
 
|-
| Roman Catholic
+
| align="left" | '''1860''' June 1
| <center>Diocese of Fall River<br>362 Highland Ave.<br>PO Box 2577<br>Fall River MA 02722<br>508-675-1311<br>[http://www.fallriverdiocese.org/index.asp website]</center>
+
| align="center" | Exist
| This diocese serves Barnstable, Bristol, Dukes and Nantucket Counties. This Archives collects, organizes, and preserves records, documents and memorabilia of the Diocese for administrative and historical purposes, but is not open to the general public.
+
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 
|-
 
|-
| Roman Catholic
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1850''' June 1
| <center>Diocese of Springfield<br>65 Elliott St.<br>PO Box 1730<br>Springfield MA 01102<br>413-732-3175<br>[http://www.diospringfield.org/index.html website]</center>
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
| This diocese serves Berkshire, Franklin, Hampden and Hampshire Counties, but does not maintain an Archive.
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 
|-
 
|-
| Roman Catholic
+
| align="left" | '''1840''' June 1
| <center>Diocese of Worcester<br>49 Elm St.<br>Worcester MA 01609<br>508-791-7171<br>[http://www.worcesterdiocese.org/bishop/OfficeoftheBishop/tabid/367/Default.aspx website]</center>
+
| align="center" | Exist
| This diocese serves Worcester County, but does not maintain an Archive.
+
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 
|-
 
|-
| Society of Friends<br>(Quakers)
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1830''' June 1
| <center>Rhode Island Historical Society<br>121 Hope St.<br>Providence RI 02906<br>401-273-8107<br>[http://www.rihs.org/ website]</center>
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
| The membership library holds the records of the New England Yearly Meetings.
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 
|-
 
|-
| Unitarian/Universalist
+
| align="left" | '''1820 '''Aug. 7
| <center>Harvard Divinity School<br>45 Francis Ave.<br>Cambridge MA 02138<br>617-495-5788<br>[http://www.hds.harvard.edu/ website]</center>
+
| align="center" | Exist
| The [http://www.hds.harvard.edu/library/bms/ Andover-Harvard Theological Library] maintains a detailed list of their holdings online.
+
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1810''' Aug. 6
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | '''Lost'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1800''' Aug. 4
 +
| width="16%" align="center" | Most of Suffolk County missing
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1790 '''Aug. 2
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''General:'''  
+
{| width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts'''</font>
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
 +
| width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Type'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 +
|-
 +
| '''1890'''
 +
| width="20%" | Veterans
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Defective
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1870'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1860'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1850'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1840'''
 +
| Pensioners
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Census|Top of Census]]</center>
 +
==== Online Census  ====
  
*Leonard Bacon, ''The Genesis of the New England Churches'' (New York, 1874), xiv, 485 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/genesisofnewengl00bac Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=kaYRAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1465600 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|598979|item|disp=FHL film 1549735}}.<br>
+
{| width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
*Frederic William Bailey, comp., ''Early Massachusetts Marriages Prior to 1800'' (New Haven, Conn., 1897-1914, in 7v.; rep. Baltimore, 1968+).<br>Digital version for Vol. 1 (Worcester Co.) only at [http://archive.org/details/earlymassachuse00unkngoog Internet Archive] or [http://books.google.com/books?id=VKUihfQuBiEC Google Books].<br>Berkshire Genealogist Indexing Committee, ''Master Index to Early Massachusetts Marriages'' (Pittsfield, Mass., 1996), 131 leaves, is a single, full-name index to the series of seven volumes.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/36136812 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
+
|-
*John Michael Bumsted, ''The Pilgrims' Progress: The Ecclesiastical History of the Old Colony, 1620-1775'' (Ph.D. Disseertation, Brown Univ., 1965), v, 478 pp., and published (New York, 1989), iii, 403 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/20056900 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
+
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts'''</font>
*John Eliot, "Ecclesiastical History of Massachusetts and the Old Colony of Plymouth" in ''Massachusetts Historical Society Collections'', 7 [1800]: 262-280.<br>Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=SwsQAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA262 Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1756821 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|28500|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 B4m ser. 1 v. 7}} (rep.).<br>
+
|-
*John Eliot, "Ecclesiastical History of Massachusetts" in ''Massachusetts Historical Society Collections'', 9 [1804]: 1-49; 10 [1809]: 1-37; 2nd Ser., 1 [1814]: 194-210.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1756821 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
+
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>  
*Henry Lawrence Southwick, ''The Policy of the Early Colonists of Massachusetts toward Quakers and others whom they regarded as intruders'' (Boston, 1885), viii, 21 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/policyofearlycol00sout Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=btZYAAAAMAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4661302 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
+
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
*Conrad Wright, "Arminianism in Massachusetts, 1723-1780," Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard Univ., 1943, iii, 418 pp.<br>Only at [http://hollis.harvard.edu/?itemid=%7Clibrary/m/aleph%7C001439719 Andover-Harvard Theology School Lbrary].<br>
+
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
*Carroll D. Wright, ''Report on the Custody and Condition of the Public Records of Parishes, Towns, and Counties'' (Boston, 1889), Courts, 379 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/reportoncustodyc00mass Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=IyYWAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5321644 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|43513|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 A3cr, fiche 6046869, or film 176644}}.<br>
+
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
 +
| width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Type'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 +
|-
 +
| '''1890'''
 +
| width="20%" | Veterans
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''  
 +
| width="20%" | Defective
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''  
 +
| width="20%" | Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1870'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1860'''  
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1850'''  
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1840'''  
 +
| Pensioners
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]  
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Census|Top of Census]]</center>  
 +
=== Churches  ===
  
'''Baptist:'''
+
Information regarding specific churches is best found on the town pages. This guide will list demoninational archives followed by a bibliography of histories of the various churches in Massachusetts.<br>
  
*Thomas E. Buckley, "Church and State in Massachusetts Bay: A Case Study of Baptist Dissenters, 1651" in ''Journal of Church and State'', 23 [1981]: 309-322.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1586802 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
*John Woolman Brush, ''Baptists in Massachusetts'' (Valley Forge, Pa., 1970), 78 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/73763 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|114813|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K2bj}}.<br>  
+
|-
*''Consolidated History of the Fifteen Churches of the Framingham Baptist Association'' (South Framingham, Mass., 1902), 131 pp.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2017777 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
! width="125" scope="col" | Demonination
*William Harrison Eaton, ''Historical Sketch of the Massachusetts Baptist Missionary Society and Convention, 1802-1902'' (Boston, 1903), x, 240 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historicalsketch00eato Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=b18sAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2738414 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>Note: "Pastors of Baptist churches in Massachusetts, 1802-1902," p. [http://archive.org/stream/historicalsketch00eato#page/136/mode/2up 137-213].<br>  
+
! width="250" scope="col" | Archive
*''History of the Baptist Churches Composing the Sturbridge Association, from their Origin to 1843'' (New York, 1844), 54 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historybaptistc00assogoog Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=4wDlLze-TjkC Google Books], and [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009732745 Hathi Trust].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2168453 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
! width="500" scope="col" | Description
*W. G. McLaughlin, ''New England Dissent, 1630-1833, The Baptists and Separation of Church and State'' (Cambridge, 1971), 2v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/128483 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
|-
*Carla Gardina Pestana, ''Quakers and Baptists in Colonial Massachusetts'' (New York, 1991), xii, 197 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/22984208 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|712353|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K2p}}.<br>  
+
| Baptist
*David Porter, "The Baptist Struggle for Religious Freedom in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1650-1670" in ''Foundation'', 14 [1971]: 24-32.<br>Not in WorldCat; Not at FHL.<br>
+
| <center>Andover Newton Theological School<br>210 Herrick Rd.<br>Newton Centre MA 02459<br>617-964-1100<br>[http://www.ants.edu/ website]</center>  
 
+
| The [http://www.ants.edu/library/ Franklin Trask Library] hold several dozen local area church records of now defunct churches.
'''Congregational:'''
+
|-
 
+
| Congregational
*Joseph S. Clark, ''A Historical Sketch of the Congregational Churches in Massachusetts from 1620 to 1858'' (Boston, 1858), xii, 344 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historicalsketc00clar Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=oWJ3umhv1c4C Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7595644 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
| <center>The Congregational Library<br>14 Beacon St.<br>Boston MA 02108<br>617-523-0470<br>[http://www.congregationallibrary.org/home website]</center>  
*"Complete List of the Congregational and Presbyterian Ministers in Massachusetts from the settlement of the colonies of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay to the present time" [Note: Only covers Suffolk and Berkshire counties] in ''American Quarterly Register'', 7 [1834-1835]: 28-38.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/145084550 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
| This library has a wealth of books on Congregationalism and there are [http://www.congregationallibrary.org/resources/efg-index online guides] to finding aids for manuscript collections.
*"The Congregational Churches of Massachusetts" in ''Spirit of the Pilgrims'', 1 [1828]: [http://archive.org/stream/spiritofpilgrims_01bost#page/56/mode/2up 57-74], [http://archive.org/stream/spiritofpilgrims_01bost#page/112/mode/2up 113-140].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1766347 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
+
|-
*B. B. Edwards, "Complete List of the Congregational Ministers in the Old County of Hampshire, Ms. (including the present counties of Hampshire, Franklin, Hampden) from the first settlement to the present times" in ''American Quarterly Register'', 10 [1837-1838]: [http://archive.org/stream/americanquarterlv10amer#page/260/mode/2up 260-276], [http://archive.org/stream/americanquarterlv10amer#page/378/mode/2up 379-407].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/145084550 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
| Episcopal
*Henry Tilton Lummus, "The Established Church of Massachusetts" in ''Lynn Historical Society Register'', no. 5 [1901]: 34-52.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1756334 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1262697|item|disp=FHL book 974.45/L2 H25L no. 1-5 or film 1320530 Item 3}}.<br>  
+
| <center>Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts<br>138 Tremont St.<br>Boston MA 02111<br>617-482-5800<br>[http://www.diomass.org/ website]</center>  
*Mary Frederica Rhinelander Morgan, ''Manuscript Collections of The Congregational Library at Boston: A Survey'' (Boston, 1982), xiv, 111 leaves.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11227857 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|571031|item|disp=FHL book 974.461 A3m or film 1421832 Item 3}}.<br>  
+
| The [http://www.diomass.org/content/archives Archives] does not maintain a list of records they hold, but consult the guide to their holdings in the bibliography below.
*Richard H. Taylor, ''The Churches of Christ of the Congregational Way in New England'' (Benton Harbor, Mich., 1989), vii, 308 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/20398303 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|464340|item|disp=FHL book 974 K27t}}.<br>  
+
|-
*Harold Field Worthley, ''An Inventory of the Records of the Particular (Congregational) Churches of Massachusetts Gathered 1620-1805'' (Cambridge, Mass., 1970), xiv, 716 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/113476 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1978165|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K23w}}.<br>
+
| Episcopal
 
+
| <center>Episcopal Diocese of Western Massachusetts<br>37 Chestnut St.<br>Springfield MA 01103<br>413-737-4786<br>[http://www.diocesewma.org/ website]</center>
'''Episcopal:'''
+
| This [http://www.diocesewma.org/about-us/archives Archives] has an [http://www.diocesewma.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/INVENTORIES-SUMMARY-pdf.pdf online guide] (pdf file) that shows the few church records they hold.
 
+
|-
*Donald Nelson Alexander, ''The Diocese of Western Massachusetts, 1901-1951'' (Springfield, Mass., [1951]), 85 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2880326 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
| Jewish
*Joseph Breed Berry, ''History of the Diocese of Massachusetts, 1810-1872'' (Boston, 1959), vi, 252 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/767631 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
| <center>American Jewish Historical Society<br>99-101 Newbury St.<br>Boston MA 02116<br>617-226-1245<br>[http://www.ajhs.org/ website]</center>  
*Mark J. Duffy, ''Guide to the Parochial Archives of the Episcopal Church In Boston'' (Boston, 1981), v, 212 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8341981 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|422523|item|disp=FHL book 974.461 K23d}}.<br>  
+
| This library is within the New England Historic Genealogical Society, but maintains their own reference desk and collections. Their [http://ajhs.org/collections/newfindingaids.cfm manuscript holdings] are online.
*Mark J. Duffy, ed., ''The Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts, 1784-1984'' (Boston, 1984), xvi, 737 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11686114 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|9314|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K2e}}.<br>  
+
|-
*Edward Midwinter, "The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel and the Church in the American Colonies, III: Massachusetts" in ''Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church'', 4 [1935]: 100-115.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1752125 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
| Lutheran
*Edgar Legare Pennington, "Anglican Beginnings in Massachusetts" in ''Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church'', 10 [1941]: 242-289.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1752125 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
| <center>The Lutheran Theological Seminary of Philadelphia<br>7301 Germantown Ave.<br>Philadelphia PA 19119<br>215-248-6383<br>[http://ltsp.edu/ website]</center>
*William Stevens Perry, ed., ''Papers Relating to the History of the [Episcopal] Church in Massachusetts, A.D. 1676-1785'' (Boston, 1873), 720 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/cu31924092469620 Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=NgRQAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4812729 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
| The [http://ltsp.edu/lutheran-archives-philadelphia Lutheran Archives Center at Philadelphia] holds the records of defunct churches and other records given to them, but there is no inventory of them online.
*Dudley Tyng, ''Massachusetts Episcopalians, 1607-1957'' (Boston, 1960?), x, 142 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2046082 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|180862|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K2t}}.<br>
+
|-
 
+
| Methodist
'''Jewish:'''
+
| <center>Boston University<br>School of Theology Library<br>745 Commonwealth Ave., 2nd Flr.<br>Boston MA 02215<br>617-353-1323<br>[http://www.bu.edu/sthlibrary/archives/ website]</center>  
 
+
| The library holds a large number of church records and their [http://www.bu.edu/sthlibrary/archives/collections/neccah/records-files-state/ma-records/ online guides]. Their holdings of [http://www.bu.edu/sthlibrary/archives/collections/neccah/records-files-state/boston-records/ Boston church records] is a separate list. Also check their [http://www.bu.edu/sthlibrary/archives/collections/neccah/records-files-state/ma-files/ historical files] for non-church record material.
*Samuel Broches, ''Jews in New England: Pt. I, Historical study of the Jews in Massachusetts (1650-1750)'' (New York, 1942), 68 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2487533 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
|-
*Albert Ehrenfried, ''A Chronicle of Boston Jewry from the Colonial Settlement to 1900'' (Boston, 1963), viii, 771 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7237970 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
| Presbyterian
*Lee Max Friedman, "Early Jewish Residents in Massachusetts" in ''Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society'', 23 [1915]: [http://archive.org/stream/no23americanjewi00ameruoft#page/78/mode/2up 79-90].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2018491 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1657089|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2jh no. 23}}.<br>  
+
| <center>Presbyterian Historical Society<br>425 Lombard St.<br>Philadelphia PA 19147<br>215-627-1852<br>[http://www.history.pcusa.org/ website]</center>  
*Jonathan Sarna and Ellen Smith, ''The Jews of Boston'' (Boston, 1995; rep. New Haven, Conn., 2005), 370 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/58555748 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
| The library does not hold any Massachusetts church records, but they have [http://www.history.pcusa.org/dbtw-wpd/Textbase5/Halls%20webQuery.htm Hall's Index Database] that will list all the churches by town and give some historical data.
*Solomon Schindler, ''Israelites in Boston: A Tale Describing the Development of Judaism in Boston'' (Boston, 1889), 1v. (unpaginated).<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/25267755 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
+
|-
 +
| Roman Catholic
 +
| <center>Archives of the Archdiocese of Boston<br>66 Brooks Dr.<br>Braintree MA 02184<br>617-746-5795<br>[http://www.bostoncatholic.org/Archives.aspx website]</center>  
 +
| This diocese serves Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, Plymouth, and Suffolk Counties. There are online guides to parish establishments, church and cemetery records held by the archives, and other resources from their main page.
 +
|-
 +
| Roman Catholic
 +
| <center>Diocese of Fall River<br>362 Highland Ave.<br>PO Box 2577<br>Fall River MA 02722<br>508-675-1311<br>[http://www.fallriverdiocese.org/index.asp website]</center>  
 +
| This diocese serves Barnstable, Bristol, Dukes and Nantucket Counties. This Archives collects, organizes, and preserves records, documents and memorabilia of the Diocese for administrative and historical purposes, but is not open to the general public.
 +
|-
 +
| Roman Catholic
 +
| <center>Diocese of Springfield<br>65 Elliott St.<br>PO Box 1730<br>Springfield MA 01102<br>413-732-3175<br>[http://www.diospringfield.org/index.html website]</center>  
 +
| This diocese serves Berkshire, Franklin, Hampden and Hampshire Counties, but does not maintain an Archive.
 +
|-
 +
| Roman Catholic
 +
| <center>Diocese of Worcester<br>49 Elm St.<br>Worcester MA 01609<br>508-791-7171<br>[http://www.worcesterdiocese.org/bishop/OfficeoftheBishop/tabid/367/Default.aspx website]</center>  
 +
| This diocese serves Worcester County, but does not maintain an Archive.
 +
|-
 +
| Society of Friends<br>(Quakers)  
 +
| <center>Rhode Island Historical Society<br>121 Hope St.<br>Providence RI 02906<br>401-273-8107<br>[http://www.rihs.org/ website]</center>  
 +
| The membership library holds the records of the New England Yearly Meetings.
 +
|-
 +
| Unitarian/Universalist
 +
| <center>Harvard Divinity School<br>45 Francis Ave.<br>Cambridge MA 02138<br>617-495-5788<br>[http://www.hds.harvard.edu/ website]</center>  
 +
| The [http://www.hds.harvard.edu/library/bms/ Andover-Harvard Theological Library] maintains a detailed list of their holdings online.
 +
|}
  
'''Methodist Episcopal:'''  
+
'''General:'''  
  
*''Souvenir History of the New England Southern Conference'', Vol. 1, New Bedford District (Nantucket, Mass., 1897), 3 v.<br>Digital versions of volume 1 at [http://archive.org/details/souvenirhistoryo00milliala Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=H_rqAAAAMAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4756716 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
+
*Leonard Bacon, ''The Genesis of the New England Churches'' (New York, 1874), xiv, 485 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/genesisofnewengl00bac Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=kaYRAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1465600 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|598979|item|disp=FHL film 1549735}}.<br>
 +
*Frederic William Bailey, comp., ''Early Massachusetts Marriages Prior to 1800'' (New Haven, Conn., 1897-1914, in 7v.; rep. Baltimore, 1968+).<br>Digital version for Vol. 1 (Worcester Co.) only at [http://archive.org/details/earlymassachuse00unkngoog Internet Archive] or [http://books.google.com/books?id=VKUihfQuBiEC Google Books].<br>Berkshire Genealogist Indexing Committee, ''Master Index to Early Massachusetts Marriages'' (Pittsfield, Mass., 1996), 131 leaves, is a single, full-name index to the series of seven volumes.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/36136812 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*John Michael Bumsted, ''The Pilgrims' Progress: The Ecclesiastical History of the Old Colony, 1620-1775'' (Ph.D. Disseertation, Brown Univ., 1965), v, 478 pp., and published (New York, 1989), iii, 403 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/20056900 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*John Eliot, "Ecclesiastical History of Massachusetts and the Old Colony of Plymouth" in ''Massachusetts Historical Society Collections'', 7 [1800]: 262-280.<br>Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=SwsQAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA262 Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1756821 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|28500|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 B4m ser. 1 v. 7}} (rep.).<br>
 +
*John Eliot, "Ecclesiastical History of Massachusetts" in ''Massachusetts Historical Society Collections'', 9 [1804]: 1-49; 10 [1809]: 1-37; 2nd Ser., 1 [1814]: 194-210.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1756821 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Henry Lawrence Southwick, ''The Policy of the Early Colonists of Massachusetts toward Quakers and others whom they regarded as intruders'' (Boston, 1885), viii, 21 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/policyofearlycol00sout Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=btZYAAAAMAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4661302 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Conrad Wright, "Arminianism in Massachusetts, 1723-1780," Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard Univ., 1943, iii, 418 pp.<br>Only at [http://hollis.harvard.edu/?itemid=%7Clibrary/m/aleph%7C001439719 Andover-Harvard Theology School Lbrary].<br>
 +
*Carroll D. Wright, ''Report on the Custody and Condition of the Public Records of Parishes, Towns, and Counties'' (Boston, 1889), Courts, 379 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/reportoncustodyc00mass Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=IyYWAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5321644 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|43513|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 A3cr, fiche 6046869, or film 176644}}.<br>
  
'''Presbyterian:'''  
+
'''Baptist:'''  
  
*"Complete List of the Congregational and Presbyterian Ministers in Massachusetts from the settlement of the colonies of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay to the present time" [Note: Only covers Suffolk and Berkshire counties] in ''American Quarterly Register'', 7 [1834-1835]: [http://archive.org/stream/americanquarterlv7amer#page/28/mode/2up 28-38].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7151577 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
+
*Thomas E. Buckley, "Church and State in Massachusetts Bay: A Case Study of Baptist Dissenters, 1651" in ''Journal of Church and State'', 23 [1981]: 309-322.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1586802 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
+
*John Woolman Brush, ''Baptists in Massachusetts'' (Valley Forge, Pa., 1970), 78 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/73763 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|114813|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K2bj}}.<br>
'''Quaker:'''
+
*''Consolidated History of the Fifteen Churches of the Framingham Baptist Association'' (South Framingham, Mass., 1902), 131 pp.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2017777 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
+
*William Harrison Eaton, ''Historical Sketch of the Massachusetts Baptist Missionary Society and Convention, 1802-1902'' (Boston, 1903), x, 240 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historicalsketch00eato Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=b18sAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2738414 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>Note: "Pastors of Baptist churches in Massachusetts, 1802-1902," p. [http://archive.org/stream/historicalsketch00eato#page/136/mode/2up 137-213].<br>
*Richard Price Hallowell, ''The Quaker Invasion of Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1883; rep. Bowie, Md., 1987), vi, 227 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/quakerinvasionof00hal Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=W8wTAAAAYAAJ Google Books], and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3200 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11645007 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1400369|item|disp=FHL digital link only}} or {{FHL|619393|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K2h}}.<br>  
+
*''History of the Baptist Churches Composing the Sturbridge Association, from their Origin to 1843'' (New York, 1844), 54 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historybaptistc00assogoog Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=4wDlLze-TjkC Google Books], and [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009732745 Hathi Trust].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2168453 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
*Robert J. Leach, ''Nantucket Quaker Genealogy, Volumes one and two bound together'' (S.l., 19??; rep. Hillsboro, Ore., 1990), 2 v.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/561385 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (rep.); {{FHL|561385|item|disp=FHL book 974.497 D2L}}.<br>  
+
*W. G. McLaughlin, ''New England Dissent, 1630-1833, The Baptists and Separation of Church and State'' (Cambridge, 1971), 2v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/128483 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Carla Gardina Pestana, ''Quakers and Baptists in Colonial Massachusetts'' (New York, 1991), xii, 197 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/22984208 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|712353|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K2p}}.<br>  
 
*Carla Gardina Pestana, ''Quakers and Baptists in Colonial Massachusetts'' (New York, 1991), xii, 197 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/22984208 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|712353|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K2p}}.<br>  
*George A. Selleck, ''Quakers in Boston'' (Cambridge, 1976), xii, 349 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3185998 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|383731|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K2sg}}.<br>
+
*David Porter, "The Baptist Struggle for Religious Freedom in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1650-1670" in ''Foundation'', 14 [1971]: 24-32.<br>Not in WorldCat; Not at FHL.<br>
  
'''Roman Catholic:'''  
+
'''Congregational:'''  
  
*''A Brief Historical Review of the Archdiocese of Boston, 1907-1923'' (Boston, 1925), viii, 263 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8293904 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
*Joseph S. Clark, ''A Historical Sketch of the Congregational Churches in Massachusetts from 1620 to 1858'' (Boston, 1858), xii, 344 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historicalsketc00clar Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=oWJ3umhv1c4C Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7595644 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
*J. M. Finotti, "Chronology of Catholicity in Massachusetts" in ''United States Catholic Historical Magazine'', 1 [1887]: [http://archive.org/stream/unitedstatescat01socigoog#page/n343/mode/2up 314-315].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1773558 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
*"Complete List of the Congregational and Presbyterian Ministers in Massachusetts from the settlement of the colonies of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay to the present time" [Note: Only covers Suffolk and Berkshire counties] in ''American Quarterly Register'', 7 [1834-1835]: 28-38.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/145084550 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
*William H. J. Kennedy, "Catholics in Massachusetts before 1750" in ''Catholic Historical Review'', 17 [1931-1932]: 10-28.<br>Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/25012829 Jstor] ($ to download).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/45416719 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
*"The Congregational Churches of Massachusetts" in ''Spirit of the Pilgrims'', 1 [1828]: [http://archive.org/stream/spiritofpilgrims_01bost#page/56/mode/2up 57-74], [http://archive.org/stream/spiritofpilgrims_01bost#page/112/mode/2up 113-140].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1766347 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
*Mary C. McAvoy, "Catholic Origins in Massachusetts" in ''Catholic World'', 132 [1930]: 174-182.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1553602 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
*B. B. Edwards, "Complete List of the Congregational Ministers in the Old County of Hampshire, Ms. (including the present counties of Hampshire, Franklin, Hampden) from the first settlement to the present times" in ''American Quarterly Register'', 10 [1837-1838]: [http://archive.org/stream/americanquarterlv10amer#page/260/mode/2up 260-276], [http://archive.org/stream/americanquarterlv10amer#page/378/mode/2up 379-407].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/145084550 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
*John J. McCoy, ''History of the Catholic Church in the Diocese of Springfield'' (Boston, 1900), 283 pp.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2593746 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1583215|item|disp=FHL digital link only}}.<br>  
+
*Henry Tilton Lummus, "The Established Church of Massachusetts" in ''Lynn Historical Society Register'', no. 5 [1901]: 34-52.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1756334 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1262697|item|disp=FHL book 974.45/L2 H25L no. 1-5 or film 1320530 Item 3}}.<br>  
*James Michael O'Toole, ''Guide to the Archives of the Archdiocese of Boston''' (New York, 1982), xxciii, 238 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7976962 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|10282|item|disp=FHL book 974.461 K23o}}.<br>  
+
*Mary Frederica Rhinelander Morgan, ''Manuscript Collections of The Congregational Library at Boston: A Survey'' (Boston, 1982), xiv, 111 leaves.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11227857 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|571031|item|disp=FHL book 974.461 A3m or film 1421832 Item 3}}.<br>  
*Michael J. Shea, ed. ''A Century of Catholicism in Western Massachusetts'' (Springfield, Mass., 1931), 350, cxxxii pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3458027 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|215328|item|disp=FHL film 1598330 Item 5}}.<br>  
+
*Richard H. Taylor, ''The Churches of Christ of the Congregational Way in New England'' (Benton Harbor, Mich., 1989), vii, 308 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/20398303 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|464340|item|disp=FHL book 974 K27t}}.<br>  
*James Sullivan, ''One Hundred Years of Progress; a graphic, historical, and pictorial account of the Catholic Church of New England: Archdiocese of Boston'' (Boston, 1895), 842 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/onehundredyearso00bost Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38300568 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
+
*Harold Field Worthley, ''An Inventory of the Records of the Particular (Congregational) Churches of Massachusetts Gathered 1620-1805'' (Cambridge, Mass., 1970), xiv, 716 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/113476 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1978165|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K23w}}.<br>
  
'''Unitarian:'''  
+
'''Episcopal:'''  
  
*George Madison Bodge, ''Historical Sketch of the Norfolk Conference of Unitarian and other Christian Churches ... with brief sketches of the churches now belonging to the conference and lists of their ministers ...'' ([Randolph, Mass.?], 1900), 48 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/historicalsketch00bodg Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4734612 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
*Donald Nelson Alexander, ''The Diocese of Western Massachusetts, 1901-1951'' (Springfield, Mass., [1951]), 85 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2880326 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
*George Edward Ellis, ''A Half-Century of the Unitarian Controversy, with particular reference to its origin, its course, and its prominent subjects among the Congregationalists of Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1857), xxiv, 511 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/ahalfcenturyuni01elligoog Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=8GyiZYdjXP8C Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11107588 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
*Joseph Breed Berry, ''History of the Diocese of Massachusetts, 1810-1872'' (Boston, 1959), vi, 252 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/767631 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
*Frederick Lewis Weir, "Early Records of the Seventeenth-century Churches in Massachusetts which became Unitarian" in ''The Proceedings of the Unitarian Historical Society'', 7, Pt. 2 [1941]: 11-22.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1624337 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
*Mark J. Duffy, ''Guide to the Parochial Archives of the Episcopal Church In Boston'' (Boston, 1981), v, 212 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8341981 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|422523|item|disp=FHL book 974.461 K23d}}.<br>
*Conrad Wright, "Unitarian Beginnings in Western Massachusetts" in ''The Proceedings of the Unitarian Historical Society'', 21: 2 [1989]: 27-40.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1624337 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
+
*Mark J. Duffy, ed., ''The Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts, 1784-1984'' (Boston, 1984), xvi, 737 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11686114 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|9314|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K2e}}.<br>
 +
*Edward Midwinter, "The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel and the Church in the American Colonies, III: Massachusetts" in ''Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church'', 4 [1935]: 100-115.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1752125 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 +
*Edgar Legare Pennington, "Anglican Beginnings in Massachusetts" in ''Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church'', 10 [1941]: 242-289.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1752125 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*William Stevens Perry, ed., ''Papers Relating to the History of the [Episcopal] Church in Massachusetts, A.D. 1676-1785'' (Boston, 1873), 720 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/cu31924092469620 Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=NgRQAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4812729 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 +
*Dudley Tyng, ''Massachusetts Episcopalians, 1607-1957'' (Boston, 1960?), x, 142 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2046082 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|180862|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K2t}}.<br>
 +
 
 +
'''Jewish:'''
 +
 
 +
*Samuel Broches, ''Jews in New England: Pt. I, Historical study of the Jews in Massachusetts (1650-1750)'' (New York, 1942), 68 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2487533 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Albert Ehrenfried, ''A Chronicle of Boston Jewry from the Colonial Settlement to 1900'' (Boston, 1963), viii, 771 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7237970 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Lee Max Friedman, "Early Jewish Residents in Massachusetts" in ''Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society'', 23 [1915]: [http://archive.org/stream/no23americanjewi00ameruoft#page/78/mode/2up 79-90].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2018491 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1657089|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2jh no. 23}}.<br>
 +
*Jonathan Sarna and Ellen Smith, ''The Jews of Boston'' (Boston, 1995; rep. New Haven, Conn., 2005), 370 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/58555748 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 +
*Solomon Schindler, ''Israelites in Boston: A Tale Describing the Development of Judaism in Boston'' (Boston, 1889), 1v. (unpaginated).<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/25267755 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
 
 +
'''Methodist Episcopal:'''
 +
 
 +
*''Souvenir History of the New England Southern Conference'', Vol. 1, New Bedford District (Nantucket, Mass., 1897), 3 v.<br>Digital versions of volume 1 at [http://archive.org/details/souvenirhistoryo00milliala Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=H_rqAAAAMAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4756716 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
  
'''Universalist:'''  
+
'''Presbyterian:'''  
  
*Historical Records Survey - Massachusetts, ''An Inventory of Universalist Archives in Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1942), iii, 489 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006802473 Hathi Trust].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7061136 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|487521|item|disp=FHL film 1597561 Item 3}}.<br>
+
*"Complete List of the Congregational and Presbyterian Ministers in Massachusetts from the settlement of the colonies of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay to the present time" [Note: Only covers Suffolk and Berkshire counties] in ''American Quarterly Register'', 7 [1834-1835]: [http://archive.org/stream/americanquarterlv7amer#page/28/mode/2up 28-38].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7151577 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
*David H. MacPherson, "The Massachusetts Universalist Convention" in ''Annual Journal of the Universalist Historical Society'', 6 [1966]: 5-24.<br>About the decline of Universalism, 1900-1950.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7949791 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
*Russell E. Miller, ''The Larger Hope, The First Century of the Universalist Church in America, 1770-1870'' (Boston, 1979), 2 v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16690792 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
 
=== Military  ===
 
  
With the first permanent settlement at Plymouth, militias were formed to protect the early settlers. The most famous is the Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts Bay established in 1637. This guide is an overview, war-by-war, of histories and published records for those who served. There were other skirmishes of a lesser degree not listed here. To learn about the myriad involvements, consult the wikipedia entry for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Wars United States Wars].
+
'''Quaker:'''
  
{| width="50%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
+
*Richard Price Hallowell, ''The Quaker Invasion of Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1883; rep. Bowie, Md., 1987), vi, 227 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/quakerinvasionof00hal Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=W8wTAAAAYAAJ Google Books], and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3200 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11645007 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1400369|item|disp=FHL digital link only}} or {{FHL|619393|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K2h}}.<br>  
|-
+
*Robert J. Leach, ''Nantucket Quaker Genealogy, Volumes one and two bound together'' (S.l., 19??; rep. Hillsboro, Ore., 1990), 2 v.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/561385 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (rep.); {{FHL|561385|item|disp=FHL book 974.497 D2L}}.<br>  
! colspan="3" | Quick Links to military history and records
+
*Carla Gardina Pestana, ''Quakers and Baptists in Colonial Massachusetts'' (New York, 1991), xii, 197 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/22984208 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|712353|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K2p}}.<br>  
|-
+
*George A. Selleck, ''Quakers in Boston'' (Cambridge, 1976), xii, 349 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3185998 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|383731|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 K2sg}}.<br>
| <center>[[#mil01|General Bibliography]]</center>
 
| <center>[[#mil02|Colonial Wars<br>(pre-1754)]]</center>
 
| <center>[[#mil03|French and Indian Wars<br>(1754-1763)]]</center>
 
|-
 
| <center>[[#mil04|Loyalist Resources]]</center>
 
| <center>[[#mil05|Revolutionary War<br>(1776-1783)]]</center>
 
| <center>[[#mil06|Shays' Rebellion<br>(1786-1787)]]</center>
 
|-
 
| <center>[[#mil07|War of 1812<br>(1812-1815)]]</center>
 
| <center>[[#mil08|American Civil War<br>(1861-1865)]]</center>
 
| <center>[[#mil09|Spanish-American War<br>(1898)]]</center>
 
|-
 
| <center>[[#mil10|World War I<br>(1914-1918)]]</center>
 
| <center>[[#mil11|World War II<br>(1941-1945)]]</center>
 
| <center>[[#mil12|Korean Conflict<br>(1950-1953)]]</center>
 
|-
 
|  
 
| <center>[[#mil13|Vietnam Conflict<br>(1961-1973)]]</center>
 
|
 
|}
 
  
{{anchor|mil01}}
+
'''Roman Catholic:'''  
<center>'''General Bibliography'''</center>
 
*Ellery Bicknell Crane, "The Early Militia System of Massachusetts" in ''Proceedings of the Worcester Society of Antiquity'', 1888: 105-127.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12787147 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
*Charles Winslow Hall, ed., ''Regiments and Armories of Massachusetts; an historical narration of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, with portraits and biographies of officers past and present'' (Boston, 1899-1901), 2v.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/regimentsarmorie01hall v. 1] and [http://archive.org/details/regimentsarmorie02hall v. 2]) and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=31407 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1864936 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
*Jeffrey Rogers Hummel, "The American Militia and the Origin of Conscription: A Reassessment" in ''[http://mises.org/periodical.aspx?Id=3 Journal of Libertarian Studies]'', 15 [2001]: [http://mises.org/journals/jls/15_4/15_4_2.pdf 29-77].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/52935158 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
*James C. Neagles, ''U.S. Military Records, A Guide to Federal and State Sources, Colonial America to the Present'' (Salt Lake City, 1994), xiv, 441 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/29843585 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|704356|item|disp=FHL book 973 M23nu}}.<br>
 
*Jack Sheldon Radabaugh, "The Military System of Colonial Massachusetts, 1690-1740," Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. Southern California, 1965, ix, 598 leaves.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2870976 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
*George Alfred Raikes, ''The History of the Honourable Artillery Company'' (London, 1878), 2v. (For Mass., see 1: 324-365, 453-459; 2: 436-473).<br>Digital versions at [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001048093 Hathi Trust] and Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=dKNCAAAAYAAJ v. 1] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=j_OgAAAAMAAJ v.2]).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2315875 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
*Oliver Ayer Roberts, ''History of the Military Company of Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts, 1637-1888'' (Boston, 1895-1901), 4v.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/historyofmilitary01robe v. 1], [http://archive.org/details/historyofmilitar02robe v. 2], [http://archive.org/details/historyofmilitar03robe v. 3], and [http://archive.org/details/historyofmilitar04robe v.4]), Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=CWUUAAAAYAAJ v. 1], [http://books.google.com/books?id=VS24OKpV-9gC v. 2], [http://books.google.com/books?id=9jIMAQAAMAAJ v. 3], and [http://books.google.com/books?id=YJZ-OOL9P5cC v. 4]), and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3100 Ancestry] ($) (v. 4 only).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12257590 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1861054|item|disp=FHL digital link}}.<br>
 
*Christine K. Schaefer, ''The Great War: a guide to the service Records of all the World’s Fighting Men and Volunteers'' (Baltimore, 1998), xiv, 189 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38894632 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|719514|item|disp=FHL book 940.41 Sch13g}}.<br>
 
*Zachariah Gardner Whitman, ''The History of the Massachusetts Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company from its formation in 1637 ... to the present time'' (Boston, 1820; 2nd ed., 1842), iv, 463 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historyofancient00whit Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=hv6mN5Mtt38C Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/30136590 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 
{{anchor|mil02}}
 
<center>'''Colonial Wars (pre-1754)'''</center>
 
'''Records:''' [Note: Published records drawn from the originals in the [[#mac|Massachusetts Archives Collection]]]
 
  
*George M. Bodge, ''Soldiers in King Philip's War; being a critical account of that war, with a concise history of the Indian wars of New England from 1620-1677, official lists of the soldiers of Massachusetts colony serving in Philip's war, and sketches of the principal officers, copies of ancient documents and records relating to the war, also lists of the Narragansett grantees of the United colonies, Massachusetts, Plymouth and Connecticut'' (Leominster, Mass., 2nd ed., 1896; rep. Baltimore, 1967+), xiii, 502 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/soldiersinkingph00inbodg Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=ULATAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2096504 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|511503|item|disp=FHL book 974 M2b}}.<br>  
+
*''A Brief Historical Review of the Archdiocese of Boston, 1907-1923'' (Boston, 1925), viii, 263 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8293904 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
*Carole Doreski, ed., ''Massachusetts Officers and Soldiers in the Seventeenth-century Conflicts'' (Boston, 1982), xxvii, 260 pp.<br>Introduction online at [http://www.americanancestors.org/massachusetts-officers-and-soldiers-seventeenth-century/ AmericanAncestors.org].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8785749 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|84216|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M24d or film 1320664 Item 8}}.<br>  
+
*J. M. Finotti, "Chronology of Catholicity in Massachusetts" in ''United States Catholic Historical Magazine'', 1 [1887]: [http://archive.org/stream/unitedstatescat01socigoog#page/n343/mode/2up 314-315].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1773558 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
*Mary E. Donahue, ed., ''Massachusetts Officers and Soldiers, 1702-1722: Queen Anne's War to Dummer's War'' (Boston, 1980), xxviii, 197 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7069252 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|11969|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2d}}.<br>  
+
*William H. J. Kennedy, "Catholics in Massachusetts before 1750" in ''Catholic Historical Review'', 17 [1931-1932]: 10-28.<br>Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/25012829 Jstor] ($ to download).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/45416719 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
*Myron O. Stachiw, ed., ''Massachusetts Officers and Soldiers, 1723-1743: Dummer's War to the War of Jenkins' Ear'' (Boston, 1979), xxvii, 282 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5918294 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|11973|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2s}}.<br>
+
*Mary C. McAvoy, "Catholic Origins in Massachusetts" in ''Catholic World'', 132 [1930]: 174-182.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1553602 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 +
*John J. McCoy, ''History of the Catholic Church in the Diocese of Springfield'' (Boston, 1900), 283 pp.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2593746 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1583215|item|disp=FHL digital link only}}.<br>
 +
*James Michael O'Toole, ''Guide to the Archives of the Archdiocese of Boston''' (New York, 1982), xxciii, 238 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7976962 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|10282|item|disp=FHL book 974.461 K23o}}.<br>  
 +
*Michael J. Shea, ed. ''A Century of Catholicism in Western Massachusetts'' (Springfield, Mass., 1931), 350, cxxxii pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3458027 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|215328|item|disp=FHL film 1598330 Item 5}}.<br>  
 +
*James Sullivan, ''One Hundred Years of Progress; a graphic, historical, and pictorial account of the Catholic Church of New England: Archdiocese of Boston'' (Boston, 1895), 842 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/onehundredyearso00bost Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38300568 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
  
'''History:'''  
+
'''Unitarian:'''  
  
*Benjamin Church and Henry Martyn Dexter, ''The History of King Philip's War'' (Boston, 1865), 2v.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historyofkingphichur Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=hkIhAQAAMAAJ Google Books], and [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009701318 Hathi Trust].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11283870 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
*George Madison Bodge, ''Historical Sketch of the Norfolk Conference of Unitarian and other Christian Churches ... with brief sketches of the churches now belonging to the conference and lists of their ministers ...'' ([Randolph, Mass.?], 1900), 48 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/historicalsketch00bodg Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4734612 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
*Samuel G. Drake, ''A Particular History of the Five Years French and Indian War in New England and Parts Adjacent ... sometimes called Governor Shirley's War'' [1744-1749] (Albany, 1870), 312 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/particularhistor00drak Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=cHMOAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11008074 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|286522|item|disp=FHL book 974 M2d}} (198? rep.).<br>  
+
*George Edward Ellis, ''A Half-Century of the Unitarian Controversy, with particular reference to its origin, its course, and its prominent subjects among the Congregationalists of Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1857), xxiv, 511 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/ahalfcenturyuni01elligoog Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=8GyiZYdjXP8C Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11107588 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
*Michael J. Puglisi, ''Puritans Besieged: The Legacies of King Philip's War in the Massachusetts Bay Colony'' (Lanham, Md., 1991), xii, 244 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23462490 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
+
*Frederick Lewis Weir, "Early Records of the Seventeenth-century Churches in Massachusetts which became Unitarian" in ''The Proceedings of the Unitarian Historical Society'', 7, Pt. 2 [1941]: 11-22.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1624337 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
*William F. Ricketson, "To Be Young, Poor, and Alone: The Experiences of Widowhood in the Massachusetts Bay Colony" in ''New England Quarterly'', 64 [1991]: 113-127.<br>Based on a sampling of women, widowed in the King Philip's War, who petitioned the legislature.<br>Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/365900 Jstor] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1759778 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
+
*Conrad Wright, "Unitarian Beginnings in Western Massachusetts" in ''The Proceedings of the Unitarian Historical Society'', 21: 2 [1989]: 27-40.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1624337 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
*Eric B. Schultz and Michael J. Tougias, ''King Philip's War: The History and Legacy of America's Forgotten Conflict'' (Woodstock, Vt., 1999), xv, 416 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41299214 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 
{{anchor|mil03}}
 
<center>'''French and Indian Wars (1754-1763)'''<br>[Called Seven Years' War in Europe (war declared in 1756)]</center>
 
'''Records:''' [Note: Published records drawn from the originals in the [[#mac|Massachusetts Archives Collection]]]
 
  
*Nancy S. Voye, ed., ''Massachusetts Officers in the French and Indian Wars 1748-1763'' (Boston, 1975), xviii, unpaginated [ca. 475].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2048434 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|12013|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2v}}.<br>
+
'''Universalist:'''  
*Robert E. MacKay, ed., ''Massachusetts Soldiers in the French and Indian Wars 1744-1755'' (Boston, 1978), xii, 505 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4481914 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|11991|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2mc}}.<br>
 
*K. David Goss and David Zarowin, eds., ''Massachusetts Soldiers in the French and Indian Wars 1755-1756'' (Boston, 1985), xxiv, 357 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11550451 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|253729|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2mo}}.<br>
 
  
'''History:'''  
+
*Historical Records Survey - Massachusetts, ''An Inventory of Universalist Archives in Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1942), iii, 489 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006802473 Hathi Trust].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7061136 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|487521|item|disp=FHL film 1597561 Item 3}}.<br>
 +
*David H. MacPherson, "The Massachusetts Universalist Convention" in ''Annual Journal of the Universalist Historical Society'', 6 [1966]: 5-24.<br>About the decline of Universalism, 1900-1950.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7949791 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Russell E. Miller, ''The Larger Hope, The First Century of the Universalist Church in America, 1770-1870'' (Boston, 1979), 2 v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16690792 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
 +
=== Military  ===
  
*Benjamin Doolittle, ''A Short Narrative of Mischief Done by the French and Indian Enemy, on the western frontiers of the province of Massachusetts-Bay'' (Boston, 1750; rep. New York, 1909), 27 pp.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11268593 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
+
With the first permanent settlement at Plymouth, militias were formed to protect the early settlers. The most famous is the Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts Bay established in 1637. This guide is an overview, war-by-war, of histories and published records for those who served. There were other skirmishes of a lesser degree not listed here. To learn about the myriad involvements, consult the wikipedia entry for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Wars United States Wars].  
*William M. Fowler, ''Empires at War: the French and Indian War and the Struggle for North America, 1754-1763'' (New York, 2005), xxv, 332 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/56334323 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 
{{anchor|mil04}}
 
<center>'''Loyalists Resources'''</center>
 
Loyalists, in general, are those people living in the colonies who remained loyal to the Crown in the Revolutionary War period. Those who fled to Canada are referred to as United Empire Loyalists.<br>
 
  
'''Mass. History:'''
+
{| width="50%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
 
+
|-
*John T. Hassam, ''The Confiscated Estates of Boston Loyalists'' (Cambridge, Mass., 1895), 27 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/confiscatedestat00hass Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=DVoSAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>Reprint from the ''Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society'' for May 1895.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3591557 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
+
! colspan="3" | Quick Links to military history and records
*E. Alfred Jones, ''The Loyalists of Massachusetts, their memorials, petitions and claims'' (London, 1930; rep. Baltimore, 1969+), xxiv, 341 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48188 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1707463 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|108671|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 D3je}} (1969 ed. - have others).<br>
 
*David Edward Maas, "The Return of the Massachusetts Loyalists" (New York, 1989), 592 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1628468 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
*David E. Maas, ed., ''Divided Hearts: Massachusetts Loyalists 1765-1790, A Biographical Directory'' (Boston, 1980), xxxiv, 169 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7462854 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|65786|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 F2m}}.<br>
 
*James H. Stark, ''The Loyalists of Massachusetts and the other side of the American Revolution'' (Boston, 1907; rep. 1910), 509 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/loyalistsofmassa00staruoft Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=_lR2AAAAMAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1655711 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|451406|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 D3s}} or {{FHL|1888123|item|disp=FHL digital book}}.<br>
 
*William H. B. Thomas, ''Remarkable High Tories: supporters of King and Parliament in Revolutionary Massachusetts'' (Bowie, Md., 2001), 282 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/46911461 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
 
 
'''General History / Guides:'''
 
 
 
*W. Bruce Antliff, ''Loyalist Settlements, 1783-1789: new evidence of Canadian Loyalist claims'' ([Toronto], 1985), xv, 423 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14099927 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|390753|item|disp=FHL book 971 N29L}}.<br>
 
*Paul J. Bunnell, ''Research Guide to Loyalist Ancestors'' (Bowie, Med., 1990; rev. ed., 2000), ix, 129 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/22504985 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1257875|item|disp=FHL book 970 D23b}}.<br>
 
*Paul J. Bunnell, ''The New Loyalist Index'' (Bowie, Md., 1989-2005), 4v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/21147630 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|509465|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2bun}}.<br>
 
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''American Loyalist Claims'' (Washington, D.C., 1980), 1v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7259901 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|89435|item|disp=FHL book 973 R2cp}} (with digital link).<br>'''Actual records:''' American Loyalist Claims, 1730-1835, {{FHL|192412|item|disp=FHL film 944044 (1st of 181)}}, and American Loyalists Claims, AO 12, {{FHL|16752|item|disp=FHL film 1401498 (1st of 32)}}.<br>
 
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''American Migrations, 1765-1799: the lives, times, and families of colonial Americans who remained loyal to the British crown before, during, and after the Revolutionary War, as related in their own words and through their correspondence'' (Baltimore, 2000), xii, 931 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49027 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/46729308 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|955434|item|disp=FHL book 973 D3cam}} (with digital link).<br>
 
*Linda Corupe, ''The Loyalists of the Eastern Townships of Quebec'' ([Stanbridge East, Que.], 1984; rep. Belleville, Ont., 1992), 210, 58 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41601469 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|132167|item|disp=FHL book 971.4 H2Le}}.<br>
 
*E. Keith Fitzgerald, ''Loyalist Lists: Over 2000 Loyalist Names and Families from the Haldimand Papers'' (Toronto, 1984), x, 125 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12668413 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|228467|item|disp=FHL book 971 M2fe or fiche 6010886}}.<br>
 
*Alexander Fraser, ''United Empire Loyalists: enquiry into the losses and services in consequence of their loyalty, evidence in the Canadian claims'' ([Ottawa], 1905; rep. Baltimore, 1994), 2v.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1016 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/30919437 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|688825|item|disp=FHL book 971.3 A5o 1904}}.<br>
 
*Graham Russell Hodges, ed., ''The Black Loyalist Directory'' (New York, 1996), li, 318 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/32627377 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|756517|item|disp=FHL book 973 F24bL}}.<br>
 
*Gail Bonsall Pipes, ''Loyalists All: stories told about New Brunswick loyalists by their descendants'' (St. John, N.B., 1985), ix, 192 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16182490 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|454287|item|disp=FHL book 971.5 D2p}}.<br>
 
*William D. Reid, ''The Loyalists in Ontario: the sons and daughters of the American Loyalists of Upper Canada'' (Lambertville, N.J., 1973; rep. Baltimore, 1994), vii, 418 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49231 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2280126 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|143386|item|disp=FHL book 971.3 V2r}} (with digital link).<br>
 
*B. Wood-Holt, ''The King's Loyal Americans: The Canadian fact: marriage licenses for Sunbury County, 1788-1829, passenger lists and other lists, etc.'' (St. John, N.B., 1990), vi 455 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/25489509 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
*Esther Clark Wright, ''The Loyalists of New Brunswick'' (Wolfville, N.S., 1955), 364 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2561211 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|199321|item|disp=FHL book 971.5 F2w}} (with digital link).<br>
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 
{{anchor|mil05}}
 
<center>'''Revolutionary War'''</center>
 
{| width="85%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
 
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="4" | Quick Links to Revolutionary War topics
+
| <center>[[#mil01|General Bibliography]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#mil02|Colonial Wars<br>(pre-1754)]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#mil03|French and Indian Wars<br>(1754-1763)]]</center>
 
|-
 
|-
| [[#rev01|State Records]]  
+
| <center>[[#mil04|Loyalist Resources]]</center>
| [[#rev02|Published Records]]
+
| <center>[[#mil05|Revolutionary War<br>(1776-1783)]]</center>
| [[#rev03|Federal Records]]  
+
| <center>[[#mil06|Shays' Rebellion<br>(1786-1787)]]</center>
| [[#rev04|Published Records (Gen.)]]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| [[#rev05|Regimental History]]  
+
| <center>[[#mil07|War of 1812<br>(1812-1815)]]</center>
| [[#rev06|History]]  
+
| <center>[[#mil08|American Civil War<br>(1861-1865)]]</center>
| [[#rev07|General Guides]]  
+
| <center>[[#mil09|Spanish-American War<br>(1898)]]</center>
 +
|-
 +
| <center>[[#mil10|World War I<br>(1914-1918)]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#mil11|World War II<br>(1941-1945)]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#mil12|Korean Conflict<br>(1950-1953)]]</center>
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <center>[[#mil13|Vietnam Conflict<br>(1961-1973)]]</center>
 
|  
 
|  
 
|}
 
|}
  
This is the first war where there are a large number of governmental and private records created for us to better understand the war and the individuals who served in it.
+
{{anchor|mil01}}
 +
<center>'''General Bibliography'''</center>
 +
*Ellery Bicknell Crane, "The Early Militia System of Massachusetts" in ''Proceedings of the Worcester Society of Antiquity'', 1888: 105-127.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12787147 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Charles Winslow Hall, ed., ''Regiments and Armories of Massachusetts; an historical narration of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, with portraits and biographies of officers past and present'' (Boston, 1899-1901), 2v.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/regimentsarmorie01hall v. 1] and [http://archive.org/details/regimentsarmorie02hall v. 2]) and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=31407 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1864936 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Jeffrey Rogers Hummel, "The American Militia and the Origin of Conscription: A Reassessment" in ''[http://mises.org/periodical.aspx?Id=3 Journal of Libertarian Studies]'', 15 [2001]: [http://mises.org/journals/jls/15_4/15_4_2.pdf 29-77].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/52935158 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*James C. Neagles, ''U.S. Military Records, A Guide to Federal and State Sources, Colonial America to the Present'' (Salt Lake City, 1994), xiv, 441 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/29843585 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|704356|item|disp=FHL book 973 M23nu}}.<br>
 +
*Jack Sheldon Radabaugh, "The Military System of Colonial Massachusetts, 1690-1740," Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. Southern California, 1965, ix, 598 leaves.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2870976 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*George Alfred Raikes, ''The History of the Honourable Artillery Company'' (London, 1878), 2v. (For Mass., see 1: 324-365, 453-459; 2: 436-473).<br>Digital versions at [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001048093 Hathi Trust] and Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=dKNCAAAAYAAJ v. 1] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=j_OgAAAAMAAJ v.2]).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2315875 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Oliver Ayer Roberts, ''History of the Military Company of Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts, 1637-1888'' (Boston, 1895-1901), 4v.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/historyofmilitary01robe v. 1], [http://archive.org/details/historyofmilitar02robe v. 2], [http://archive.org/details/historyofmilitar03robe v. 3], and [http://archive.org/details/historyofmilitar04robe v.4]), Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=CWUUAAAAYAAJ v. 1], [http://books.google.com/books?id=VS24OKpV-9gC v. 2], [http://books.google.com/books?id=9jIMAQAAMAAJ v. 3], and [http://books.google.com/books?id=YJZ-OOL9P5cC v. 4]), and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3100 Ancestry] ($) (v. 4 only).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12257590 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1861054|item|disp=FHL digital link}}.<br>
 +
*Christine K. Schaefer, ''The Great War: a guide to the service Records of all the World’s Fighting Men and Volunteers'' (Baltimore, 1998), xiv, 189 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38894632 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|719514|item|disp=FHL book 940.41 Sch13g}}.<br>
 +
*Zachariah Gardner Whitman, ''The History of the Massachusetts Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company from its formation in 1637 ... to the present time'' (Boston, 1820; 2nd ed., 1842), iv, 463 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historyofancient00whit Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=hv6mN5Mtt38C Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/30136590 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|mil02}}
 +
<center>'''Colonial Wars (pre-1754)'''</center>
 +
'''Records:''' [Note: Published records drawn from the originals in the [[#mac|Massachusetts Archives Collection]]]
  
{{anchor|rev01}}  
+
*George M. Bodge, ''Soldiers in King Philip's War; being a critical account of that war, with a concise history of the Indian wars of New England from 1620-1677, official lists of the soldiers of Massachusetts colony serving in Philip's war, and sketches of the principal officers, copies of ancient documents and records relating to the war, also lists of the Narragansett grantees of the United colonies, Massachusetts, Plymouth and Connecticut'' (Leominster, Mass., 2nd ed., 1896; rep. Baltimore, 1967+), xiii, 502 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/soldiersinkingph00inbodg Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=ULATAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2096504 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|511503|item|disp=FHL book 974 M2b}}.<br>
 +
*Carole Doreski, ed., ''Massachusetts Officers and Soldiers in the Seventeenth-century Conflicts'' (Boston, 1982), xxvii, 260 pp.<br>Introduction online at [http://www.americanancestors.org/massachusetts-officers-and-soldiers-seventeenth-century/ AmericanAncestors.org].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8785749 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|84216|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M24d or film 1320664 Item 8}}.<br>
 +
*Mary E. Donahue, ed., ''Massachusetts Officers and Soldiers, 1702-1722: Queen Anne's War to Dummer's War'' (Boston, 1980), xxviii, 197 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7069252 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|11969|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2d}}.<br>
 +
*Myron O. Stachiw, ed., ''Massachusetts Officers and Soldiers, 1723-1743: Dummer's War to the War of Jenkins' Ear'' (Boston, 1979), xxvii, 282 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5918294 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|11973|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2s}}.<br>
  
'''State Records:'''  
+
'''History:'''  
  
*[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ARC/arccol/colidx.htm#military Massachusetts Revolutionary rolls] are located at the [[#Archives|Massachusetts Archives]]. This collection is the source for the published version listed below.
+
*Benjamin Church and Henry Martyn Dexter, ''The History of King Philip's War'' (Boston, 1865), 2v.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historyofkingphichur Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=hkIhAQAAMAAJ Google Books], and [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009701318 Hathi Trust].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11283870 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Samuel G. Drake, ''A Particular History of the Five Years French and Indian War in New England and Parts Adjacent ... sometimes called Governor Shirley's War'' [1744-1749] (Albany, 1870), 312 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/particularhistor00drak Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=cHMOAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11008074 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|286522|item|disp=FHL book 974 M2d}} (198? rep.).<br>
 +
*Michael J. Puglisi, ''Puritans Besieged: The Legacies of King Philip's War in the Massachusetts Bay Colony'' (Lanham, Md., 1991), xii, 244 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23462490 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*William F. Ricketson, "To Be Young, Poor, and Alone: The Experiences of Widowhood in the Massachusetts Bay Colony" in ''New England Quarterly'', 64 [1991]: 113-127.<br>Based on a sampling of women, widowed in the King Philip's War, who petitioned the legislature.<br>Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/365900 Jstor] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1759778 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Eric B. Schultz and Michael J. Tougias, ''King Philip's War: The History and Legacy of America's Forgotten Conflict'' (Woodstock, Vt., 1999), xv, 416 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41299214 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|mil03}}
 +
<center>'''French and Indian Wars (1754-1763)'''<br>[Called Seven Years' War in Europe (war declared in 1756)]</center>
 +
'''Records:''' [Note: Published records drawn from the originals in the [[#mac|Massachusetts Archives Collection]]]  
 +
 
 +
*Nancy S. Voye, ed., ''Massachusetts Officers in the French and Indian Wars 1748-1763'' (Boston, 1975), xviii, unpaginated [ca. 475].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2048434 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|12013|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2v}}.<br>
 +
*Robert E. MacKay, ed., ''Massachusetts Soldiers in the French and Indian Wars 1744-1755'' (Boston, 1978), xii, 505 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4481914 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|11991|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2mc}}.<br>
 +
*K. David Goss and David Zarowin, eds., ''Massachusetts Soldiers in the French and Indian Wars 1755-1756'' (Boston, 1985), xxiv, 357 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11550451 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|253729|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2mo}}.<br>
  
{{anchor|rev02}}  
+
'''History:'''
 +
 
 +
*Benjamin Doolittle, ''A Short Narrative of Mischief Done by the French and Indian Enemy, on the western frontiers of the province of Massachusetts-Bay'' (Boston, 1750; rep. New York, 1909), 27 pp.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11268593 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*William M. Fowler, ''Empires at War: the French and Indian War and the Struggle for North America, 1754-1763'' (New York, 2005), xxv, 332 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/56334323 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|mil04}}  
 +
<center>'''Loyalists Resources'''</center>
 +
Loyalists, in general, are those people living in the colonies who remained loyal to the Crown in the Revolutionary War period. Those who fled to Canada are referred to as United Empire Loyalists.<br>
  
'''Published Records:'''  
+
'''Mass. History:'''  
  
*''Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War. A compilation from the archives'' (Boston, 1896-1908), 17v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12601336 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|213956|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M23m v.# or film 238343 (1st of 17) or fiche 6046890}}.<br>Note: Entries are under the exact spelling in the record; therefore, always look for variant spellings. The most common spelling with have an entry listing all the other variants found in the records.<br>Digital database with all volumes found at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7726 Ancestry] ($). Select the digital link for individual volumes from the table below.<br>
+
*John T. Hassam, ''The Confiscated Estates of Boston Loyalists'' (Cambridge, Mass., 1895), 27 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/confiscatedestat00hass Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=DVoSAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>Reprint from the ''Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society'' for May 1895.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3591557 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*E. Alfred Jones, ''The Loyalists of Massachusetts, their memorials, petitions and claims'' (London, 1930; rep. Baltimore, 1969+), xxiv, 341 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48188 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1707463 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|108671|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 D3je}} (1969 ed. - have others).<br>
 +
*David Edward Maas, "The Return of the Massachusetts Loyalists" (New York, 1989), 592 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1628468 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*David E. Maas, ed., ''Divided Hearts: Massachusetts Loyalists 1765-1790, A Biographical Directory'' (Boston, 1980), xxxiv, 169 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7462854 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|65786|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 F2m}}.<br>
 +
*James H. Stark, ''The Loyalists of Massachusetts and the other side of the American Revolution'' (Boston, 1907; rep. 1910), 509 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/loyalistsofmassa00staruoft Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=_lR2AAAAMAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1655711 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|451406|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 D3s}} or {{FHL|1888123|item|disp=FHL digital book}}.<br>
 +
*William H. B. Thomas, ''Remarkable High Tories: supporters of King and Parliament in Revolutionary Massachusetts'' (Bowie, Md., 2001), 282 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/46911461 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
  
{| width="40%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
+
'''General History / Guides:'''
|-
+
 
! colspan="4" | Digital versions of Mass. Soldiers and Sailors
+
*W. Bruce Antliff, ''Loyalist Settlements, 1783-1789: new evidence of Canadian Loyalist claims'' ([Toronto], 1985), xv, 423 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14099927 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|390753|item|disp=FHL book 971 N29L}}.<br>
|-
+
*Paul J. Bunnell, ''Research Guide to Loyalist Ancestors'' (Bowie, Med., 1990; rev. ed., 2000), ix, 129 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/22504985 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1257875|item|disp=FHL book 970 D23b}}.<br>
| Vol. 01
+
*Paul J. Bunnell, ''The New Loyalist Index'' (Bowie, Md., 1989-2005), 4v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/21147630 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|509465|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2bun}}.<br>
| Aac - Ber
+
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''American Loyalist Claims'' (Washington, D.C., 1980), 1v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7259901 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|89435|item|disp=FHL book 973 R2cp}} (with digital link).<br>'''Actual records:''' American Loyalist Claims, 1730-1835, {{FHL|192412|item|disp=FHL film 944044 (1st of 181)}}, and American Loyalists Claims, AO 12, {{FHL|16752|item|disp=FHL film 1401498 (1st of 32)}}.<br>
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol01mass Internet Archive]  
+
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''American Migrations, 1765-1799: the lives, times, and families of colonial Americans who remained loyal to the British crown before, during, and after the Revolutionary War, as related in their own words and through their correspondence'' (Baltimore, 2000), xii, 931 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49027 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/46729308 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|955434|item|disp=FHL book 973 D3cam}} (with digital link).<br>
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=D-cQAQAAMAAJ Google Books]
+
*Linda Corupe, ''The Loyalists of the Eastern Townships of Quebec'' ([Stanbridge East, Que.], 1984; rep. Belleville, Ont., 1992), 210, 58 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41601469 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|132167|item|disp=FHL book 971.4 H2Le}}.<br>
|-
+
*E. Keith Fitzgerald, ''Loyalist Lists: Over 2000 Loyalist Names and Families from the Haldimand Papers'' (Toronto, 1984), x, 125 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12668413 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|228467|item|disp=FHL book 971 M2fe or fiche 6010886}}.<br>
| Vol. 02
+
*Alexander Fraser, ''United Empire Loyalists: enquiry into the losses and services in consequence of their loyalty, evidence in the Canadian claims'' ([Ottawa], 1905; rep. Baltimore, 1994), 2v.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1016 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/30919437 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|688825|item|disp=FHL book 971.3 A5o 1904}}.<br>
| Bes - Byx
+
*Graham Russell Hodges, ed., ''The Black Loyalist Directory'' (New York, 1996), li, 318 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/32627377 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|756517|item|disp=FHL book 973 F24bL}}.<br>
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol02mass Internet Archive]  
+
*Gail Bonsall Pipes, ''Loyalists All: stories told about New Brunswick loyalists by their descendants'' (St. John, N.B., 1985), ix, 192 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16182490 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|454287|item|disp=FHL book 971.5 D2p}}.<br>
|  
+
*William D. Reid, ''The Loyalists in Ontario: the sons and daughters of the American Loyalists of Upper Canada'' (Lambertville, N.J., 1973; rep. Baltimore, 1994), vii, 418 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49231 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2280126 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|143386|item|disp=FHL book 971.3 V2r}} (with digital link).<br>
 +
*B. Wood-Holt, ''The King's Loyal Americans: The Canadian fact: marriage licenses for Sunbury County, 1788-1829, passenger lists and other lists, etc.'' (St. John, N.B., 1990), vi 455 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/25489509 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Esther Clark Wright, ''The Loyalists of New Brunswick'' (Wolfville, N.S., 1955), 364 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2561211 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|199321|item|disp=FHL book 971.5 F2w}} (with digital link).<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|mil05}}
 +
<center>'''Revolutionary War'''</center>
 +
{| width="85%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
 
|-
 
|-
| Vol. 03
+
! colspan="4" | Quick Links to Revolutionary War topics
| Caa - Cor
 
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol03mass Internet Archive]
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Vol. 04
+
| [[#rev01|State Records]]
| Cos - Dry
+
| [[#rev02|Published Records]]
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol04mass Internet Archive]  
+
| [[#rev03|Federal Records]]  
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=ikwSAAAAYAAJ Google Books]
+
| [[#rev04|Published Records (Gen.)]]
 
|-
 
|-
| Vol. 05
+
| [[#rev05|Regimental History]]
| Dua - Foy
+
| [[#rev06|History]]  
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol05mass Internet Archive]  
+
| [[#rev07|General Guides]]  
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=ZOcQAQAAMAAJ Google Books]
 
|-
 
| Vol. 06
 
| Fra - Gyp
 
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol06mass Internet Archive]  
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|}
 +
 +
This is the first war where there are a large number of governmental and private records created for us to better understand the war and the individuals who served in it.
 +
 +
{{anchor|rev01}}
 +
 +
'''State Records:'''
 +
 +
*[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ARC/arccol/colidx.htm#military Massachusetts Revolutionary rolls] are located at the [[#Archives|Massachusetts Archives]]. This collection is the source for the published version listed below.
 +
 +
{{anchor|rev02}}
 +
 +
'''Published Records:'''
 +
 +
*''Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War. A compilation from the archives'' (Boston, 1896-1908), 17v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12601336 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|213956|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M23m v.# or film 238343 (1st of 17) or fiche 6046890}}.<br>Note: Entries are under the exact spelling in the record; therefore, always look for variant spellings. The most common spelling with have an entry listing all the other variants found in the records.<br>Digital database with all volumes found at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7726 Ancestry] ($). Select the digital link for individual volumes from the table below.<br>
 +
 +
{| width="40%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
 
|-
 
|-
| Vol. 07
+
! colspan="4" | Digital versions of Mass. Soldiers and Sailors
| Haa - Hix
 
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol07mass Internet Archive]
 
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=zucQAQAAMAAJ Google Books]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Vol. 08
+
| Vol. 01
| Hme - Jyp
+
| Aac - Ber
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol08mass Internet Archive]  
+
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol01mass Internet Archive]  
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=u-sQAQAAMAAJ Google Books]
+
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=D-cQAQAAMAAJ Google Books]
 
|-
 
|-
| Vol. 09  
+
| Vol. 02
 +
| Bes - Byx
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol02mass Internet Archive]
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 03
 +
| Caa - Cor
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol03mass Internet Archive]
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 04
 +
| Cos - Dry
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol04mass Internet Archive]
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=ikwSAAAAYAAJ Google Books]
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 05
 +
| Dua - Foy
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol05mass Internet Archive]
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=ZOcQAQAAMAAJ Google Books]
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 06
 +
| Fra - Gyp
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol06mass Internet Archive]
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 07
 +
| Haa - Hix
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol07mass Internet Archive]
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=zucQAQAAMAAJ Google Books]
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 08
 +
| Hme - Jyp
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol08mass Internet Archive]
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=u-sQAQAAMAAJ Google Books]
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 09  
 
| Kab - Lsu  
 
| Kab - Lsu  
 
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol09mass Internet Archive]  
 
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol09mass Internet Archive]  
Line 1,881: Line 2,310:
 
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)  
 
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)  
 
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/300/mode/2up Co. A-K]  
 
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/300/mode/2up Co. A-K]  
| Sept. 1862 - July 1862&lt;dr&gt;[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0005RI Details]  
+
| Sept. 1862 - July 1862<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0005RI Details]  
 
| ---
 
| ---
 
|-
 
|-
Line 2,160: Line 2,589:
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)  
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)  
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/n9/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]  
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/n9/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]  
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | July 1862 - July 1865[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0038RI Details]  
+
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | July 1862 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0038RI Details]  
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 
|-
 
|-
Line 2,323: Line 2,752:
 
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 90 days)  
 
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 90 days)  
 
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/180/mode/2up Single Cos.]  
 
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/180/mode/2up Single Cos.]  
| Apr. 1864 - Aug. 1864<br>Details for: [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0001CIM 1st]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0002CIM1 2nd]; [[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0003CIM 3rd]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0004CIM 4th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0005CIM 5th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0006CIM 6th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0007CIM 7th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0008CIM 8th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0009CIM 9th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0010CIM 10th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0011CIM 11th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0012CIM 12th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0013CIM 13th]  
+
| Apr. 1864 - Aug. 1864<br>Details for: [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0001CIM 1st]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0002CIM1 2nd]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0003CIM 3rd]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0004CIM 4th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0005CIM 5th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0006CIM 6th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0007CIM 7th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0008CIM 8th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0009CIM 9th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0010CIM 10th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0011CIM 11th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0012CIM 12th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0013CIM 13th]  
 
| ---
 
| ---
 
|-
 
|-
Line 2,757: Line 3,186:
 
=== Immigration  ===
 
=== Immigration  ===
  
{| width="40%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
+
{| width="40%" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;" class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
 
! colspan="2" | Quick Links to Immigration Records
 
! colspan="2" | Quick Links to Immigration Records
Line 2,774: Line 3,203:
 
==== Passenger Lists  ====
 
==== Passenger Lists  ====
  
{| width="50%" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;" class="wikitable"
+
{| width="50%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
 
|-
 
|-
 
! colspan="3" | Quick Links to Passenger Lists
 
! colspan="3" | Quick Links to Passenger Lists
Line 2,900: Line 3,329:
 
==== Naturalization Records  ====
 
==== Naturalization Records  ====
  
{| width="50%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
+
{| width="50%" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;" class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
 
! colspan="4" | Quick Links to Naturalization Records
 
! colspan="4" | Quick Links to Naturalization Records
Line 2,930: Line 3,359:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''State:'''  
 
| '''State:'''  
| [[#nat15|Barnstable]]  
+
| [[Barnstable County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Barnstable]]  
| [[#nat16|Berkshire]]  
+
| [[Berkshire County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Berkshire]]  
| [[#nat17|Bristol]]
+
| [[Bristol County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Bristol]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[#nat18|Dukes]]  
+
| [[Dukes County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Dukes]]  
 
| [[Essex County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Essex]]  
 
| [[Essex County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Essex]]  
| [[#nat20|Franklin]]  
+
| [[Franklin County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Franklin]]  
| [[#nat21|Hampden]]
+
| [[Hampden County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Hampden]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[#nat22|Hampshire]]  
+
| [[Hampshire County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Hampshire]]  
| [[#nat23|Middlesex, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Middlesex]]  
+
| [[Middlesex County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Middlesex]]  
| [[#nat24|Nantucket]]  
+
| [[Nantucket County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Nantucket]]  
| [[#nat25|Norfolk]]
+
| [[Norfolk County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Norfolk]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Plymouth County Massachusetts genealogy#Naturalization_Records|Plymouth]]  
 
| [[Plymouth County Massachusetts genealogy#Naturalization_Records|Plymouth]]  
 
| [[Suffolk County, Massachusetts#mcr04|Suffolk]]  
 
| [[Suffolk County, Massachusetts#mcr04|Suffolk]]  
| [[#nat28|Worcester]]  
+
| [[Worcester County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Worcester]]  
 
| [[#nat29|Sec. of State]]
 
| [[#nat29|Sec. of State]]
 
|}
 
|}
<center>State county links being moved to county pages<br>as they are created</center>
+
 
 
{{anchor|nat00}}  
 
{{anchor|nat00}}  
 
<center>'''Introduction'''</center>  
 
<center>'''Introduction'''</center>  
Line 2,966: Line 3,395:
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham], RG 21  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham], RG 21  
 
|  
 
|  
| [http://research.archives.gov/description/595176 Petitions and Records of Naturalization of the U.S. District Court and Circuit Courts of the District of Massachusetts], 1906-1929, M1368.<br>Petitions and Records, {{FHL|573146|item|disp=FHL film 1578248 (1st of 55)}}<br>ONLINE at [http://www.fold3.com/title_112/naturalizations-ma/ fold3] ($).<br>-----<br>Index to Naturalization Petitions and Records of the U.S. District Court, 1906-1966, and the U.S. Circuit Court, 1906-1911, for the District of Massachusetts, M1545, {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (first of 117)}}.<br>ONLINE at [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1834334 Massachusetts Naturalization Index, 1906-1966], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1192 Ancestry] ($), and [http://www.fold3.com/title_98/naturalization-index-ma/ fold3] ($).<br>-----<br>NARA, RG 21, Primary declarations, 1798-1946, Naturalization records, 1790-1906, Petitions, #1195587-2353923, Certified declarations, v. 131-257, Index to declarations, 1912-1940, {{FHL|1257420|item|disp=FHL film 2416289 (1st of 498)}}<br>-----<br>NARA, RG 21, Naturalization records, 1845-1906 (#1-449-103), Declarations, 1845-1911, Depositions of witnesses (#1-290739), and Index to declarations, 1906-1911, {{FHL|1344633|item|disp=FHL film 2414774 (1st of 191)}}<br>-----<br>Petitions, v. 1 (ca. 1787-1906) ['''film only'''], v. 2-252 (1847-1902) ['''digital only'''], {{FHL|2098233|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7048053 (1st of 254)}} (part of index below)<br>-----<br>Repatriation of soldiers, 1918-1941, {{FHL|1376353|item|disp=FHL film 2416188 Item 1}}<br>-----<br>Repatriation of women who married non-American citizens, 1936-1945, {{FHL|1376354|item|disp=FHL film 2416188, 2416217}}<br>-----<br>Overseas military naturalization petitions, 1943-1945, {{FHL|1376357|item|disp=FHL film 2416218}}<br>-----<br>Index to declarations, 1943-1955, {{FHL|1201470|item|disp=FHL films 2371827-2371828}}
+
| [http://research.archives.gov/description/595176 Petitions and Records of Naturalization of the U.S. District Court and Circuit Courts of the District of Massachusetts], 1906-1929, M1368.<br>Petitions and Records, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/573146 FHL film 1578248 (1st of 55)]<br>ONLINE at [http://www.fold3.com/title_112/naturalizations-ma/ fold3] ($).<br>-----<br>Index to Naturalization Petitions and Records of the U.S. District Court, 1906-1966, and the U.S. Circuit Court, 1906-1911, for the District of Massachusetts, M1545, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (first of 117)].<br>ONLINE at [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1834334 Massachusetts Naturalization Index, 1906-1966], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1192 Ancestry] ($), and [http://www.fold3.com/title_98/naturalization-index-ma/ fold3] ($).<br>-----<br>NARA, RG 21, Primary declarations, 1798-1946, Naturalization records, 1790-1906, Petitions, #1195587-2353923, Certified declarations, v. 131-257, Index to declarations, 1912-1940, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1257420 FHL film 2416289 (1st of 498)]<br>-----<br>NARA, RG 21, Naturalization records, 1845-1906 (#1-449-103), Declarations, 1845-1911, Depositions of witnesses (#1-290739), and Index to declarations, 1906-1911, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1344633 FHL film 2414774 (1st of 191)]<br>-----<br>Petitions, v. 1 (ca. 1787-1906) ['''film only'''], v. 2-252 (1847-1902) ['''digital only'''], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2098233 FHL Digital Capture 7048053 (1st of 254)] (part of index below)<br>-----<br>Repatriation of soldiers, 1918-1941, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1376353 FHL film 2416188 Item 1]<br>-----<br>Repatriation of women who married non-American citizens, 1936-1945, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1376354 FHL film 2416188, 2416217]<br>-----<br>Overseas military naturalization petitions, 1943-1945, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1376357 FHL film 2416218]<br>-----<br>Index to declarations, 1943-1955, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1201470 FHL films 2371827-2371828]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| U.S. Circuit Court<br>of Massachusetts  
 
| U.S. Circuit Court<br>of Massachusetts  
Line 2,978: Line 3,407:
 
| U.S. District Court, Boston  
 
| U.S. District Court, Boston  
 
| An index  
 
| An index  
| {{FHL|393728|item|disp=FHL film 1420205 (1st of 17)}}
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/393728 FHL film 1420205 (1st of 17)]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service]  
Line 2,991: Line 3,420:
 
| 1827-1886  
 
| 1827-1886  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2173425|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7469485}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173425 FHL Digital Capture 7469485] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| {{anchor|nat02}}<br>'''Berkshire Co.'''
 
| {{anchor|nat02}}<br>'''Berkshire Co.'''
Line 2,999: Line 3,428:
 
| 1886-1906  
 
| 1886-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2173410|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7469512-7469514}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173410 FHL Digital Capture 7469512-7469514] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Fourth Dist. Ct. (Adams) - Petitions and Naturalizations  
 
| Fourth Dist. Ct. (Adams) - Petitions and Naturalizations  
 
| 1895-1906  
 
| 1895-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2173407|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7469515-7469519}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173407 FHL Digital Capture 7469515-7469519] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Lee Police Ct. - Naturalization records  
 
| Lee Police Ct. - Naturalization records  
 
| 1900-1906  
 
| 1900-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2173411|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7469519}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173411 FHL Digital Capture 7469519] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| North Adams Dist. Ct. - Naturalization records  
 
| North Adams Dist. Ct. - Naturalization records  
 
| 1891-1906  
 
| 1891-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2173414|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7469497-7469511}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173414 FHL Digital Capture 7469497-7469511] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Pittsfield Court of Common Pleas - Naturalization records  
 
| Pittsfield Court of Common Pleas - Naturalization records  
 
| 1787-1860  
 
| 1787-1860  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2173415|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7469486-7469496}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173415 FHL Digital Capture 7469486-7469496] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Pittsfield Dist. Ct. - Naturalization records  
 
| Pittsfield Dist. Ct. - Naturalization records  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2173416|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7485672-7485676}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173416 FHL Digital Capture 7485672-7485676] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Supreme Judicial Court (Pittsfield) - Naturalization records  
 
| Supreme Judicial Court (Pittsfield) - Naturalization records  
 
| 1787-1876  
 
| 1787-1876  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2173418|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7485685-7485695}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173418 FHL Digital Capture 7485685-7485695] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| {{anchor|nat03}}<br>'''Bristol Co.'''  
 
| {{anchor|nat03}}<br>'''Bristol Co.'''  
Line 3,045: Line 3,474:
 
| 1814-1885  
 
| 1814-1885  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2173422|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7510302 (1st of 4)}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173422 FHL Digital Capture 7510302 (1st of 4)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Ct. of Common Pleas  
 
| Ct. of Common Pleas  
 
| 1805-1867  
 
| 1805-1867  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2173419|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7510270 (1st of 6)}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173419 FHL Digital Capture 7510270 (1st of 6)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Superior Court  
 
| Superior Court  
 
| 1856-1885  
 
| 1856-1885  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2173421|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7510290 (1st of 6)}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173421 FHL Digital Capture 7510290 (1st of 6)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| District Court  
 
| District Court  
 
| 1885-1895  
 
| 1885-1895  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2173420|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7510282 (1st of 3)}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173420 FHL Digital Capture 7510282 (1st of 3)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| <br>'''Bristol Co.'''  
 
| <br>'''Bristol Co.'''  
Line 3,073: Line 3,502:
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2173409|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7485697 (1st of 31)}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173409 FHL Digital Capture 7485697 (1st of 31)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| <br>'''Bristol Co.'''  
 
| <br>'''Bristol Co.'''  
Line 3,083: Line 3,512:
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2173413|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7497800 (1st of 13)}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173413 FHL Digital Capture 7497800 (1st of 13)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| <br>'''Bristol Co.'''  
 
| <br>'''Bristol Co.'''  
Line 3,093: Line 3,522:
 
| 1904-1906  
 
| 1904-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2173408|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7485696}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173408 FHL Digital Capture 7485696] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| {{anchor|nat04}}<br>'''Dukes Co.'''  
 
| {{anchor|nat04}}<br>'''Dukes Co.'''  
Line 3,116: Line 3,545:
 
| 1809-1906  
 
| 1809-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109612|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7117754 (1st of 15)}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109612 FHL Digital Capture 7117754 (1st of 15)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| First Dist. Ct.<br>No. Middlesex (Ayer) - Records  
 
| First Dist. Ct.<br>No. Middlesex (Ayer) - Records  
 
| 1887-1906  
 
| 1887-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109613|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7117737, 7117739}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109613 FHL Digital Capture 7117737, 7117739] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| First Dist. Ct.<br>So. Middlesex (Framingham) - Records  
 
| First Dist. Ct.<br>So. Middlesex (Framingham) - Records  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109617|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7137302 (1st of 3)}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109617 FHL Digital Capture 7137302 (1st of 3)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| First Dist. Ct.<br>E. Middlesex (Malden) - Records  
 
| First Dist. Ct.<br>E. Middlesex (Malden) - Records  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109615|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7156001 (1st of 13)}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109615 FHL Digital Capture 7156001 (1st of 13)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| First Dist. Ct.<br>E. Middlesex (Waltham) - Records  
 
| First Dist. Ct.<br>E. Middlesex (Waltham) - Records  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109614|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7173060-7173066}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109614 FHL Digital Capture 7173060-7173066] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Fourth Dist. Ct.<br>E. Middlesex (Woburn) - Records  
 
| Fourth Dist. Ct.<br>E. Middlesex (Woburn) - Records  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109607|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7173043-7173047}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109607 FHL Digital Capture 7173043-7173047] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Lowell Dist Ct. - Records  
 
| Lowell Dist Ct. - Records  
 
| 1836-1906  
 
| 1836-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109616|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7137236 (1st of 55)}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109616 FHL Digital Capture 7137236 (1st of 55)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Marlborough Dist. Ct. - Records  
 
| Marlborough Dist. Ct. - Records  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109610|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7173056-7173059}} (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109610 FHL Digital Capture 7173056-7173059] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| {{anchor|nat10}}<br>'''Nantucket Co.'''
 
| {{anchor|nat10}}<br>'''Nantucket Co.'''
Line 3,166: Line 3,595:
 
| 1804-1903  
 
| 1804-1903  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109618|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7173072-7173083}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109618 FHL Digital Capture 7173072-7173083]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| {{anchor|nat11}}<br>'''Norfolk Co.'''
 
| {{anchor|nat11}}<br>'''Norfolk Co.'''
Line 3,174: Line 3,603:
 
| 1804-1906  
 
| 1804-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109619|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7187235 (1st of 8)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109619 FHL Digital Capture 7187235 (1st of 8)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Dist. Ct. (Quincy)  
 
| Dist. Ct. (Quincy)  
 
| 1886-1906  
 
| 1886-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109623|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7187245-7187252}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109623 FHL Digital Capture 7187245-7187252]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Dist. Ct. (Stoughton)  
 
| Dist. Ct. (Stoughton)  
 
| 1891-1906  
 
| 1891-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109621|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7187241-7187242}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109621 FHL Digital Capture 7187241-7187242]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Dist. Ct. (Walpole)  
 
| Dist. Ct. (Walpole)  
 
| 1900-1906  
 
| 1900-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109622|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7187243-7187244}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109622 FHL Digital Capture 7187243-7187244]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| {{anchor|nat12}}<br>'''Plymouth Co.'''
 
| {{anchor|nat12}}<br>'''Plymouth Co.'''
Line 3,200: Line 3,629:
 
| 1812-1858  
 
| 1812-1858  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2195357|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7187259-7187263}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2195357 FHL Digital Capture 7187259-7187263]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Supreme Judicial Court  
 
| Supreme Judicial Court  
 
| 1818-1877  
 
| 1818-1877  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2195368|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7187319}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2195368 FHL Digital Capture 7187319]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Superior Court  
 
| Superior Court  
 
| 1860-1885  
 
| 1860-1885  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109626|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7187293 (1st of 9)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109626 FHL Digital Capture 7187293 (1st of 9)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [First?] District Court (Brockton)  
 
| [First?] District Court (Brockton)  
 
| 1886-1906  
 
| 1886-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109627|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7187264 (1st of 16)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109627 FHL Digital Capture 7187264 (1st of 16)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Second District Court (Abington/Hingham)  
 
| Second District Court (Abington/Hingham)  
 
| 1887-1903  
 
| 1887-1903  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109624|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7187254-7187256}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109624 FHL Digital Capture 7187254-7187256]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Third District Court (Plymouth)  
 
| Third District Court (Plymouth)  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2195377|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7187321 (1st of 3)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2195377 FHL Digital Capture 7187321 (1st of 3)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Fourth District Court (Middleborough/Wareham)  
 
| Fourth District Court (Middleborough/Wareham)  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| {{FHL|2109625|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7187257-7187258}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109625 FHL Digital Capture 7187257-7187258]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| {{anchor|nat13}}<br>'''Suffolk Co.'''  
 
| {{anchor|nat13}}<br>'''Suffolk Co.'''  
Line 3,248: Line 3,677:
 
| 1790-1845  
 
| 1790-1845  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, {{FHL|2109628|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7208356 (1st of 15)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109628 FHL Digital Capture 7208356 (1st of 15)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| U.S. Circuit Court  
 
| U.S. Circuit Court  
 
| 1845-1878  
 
| 1845-1878  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, {{FHL|2135111|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7239020 (1st of 471}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2135111 FHL Digital Capture 7239020 (1st of 471)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Superior Court (Civil)  
 
| Superior Court (Civil)  
 
| 1856-1884  
 
| 1856-1884  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, {{FHL|2136927|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7208272 (1st of 29)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2136927 FHL Digital Capture 7208272 (1st of 29)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Superior Court (Criminal)  
 
| Superior Court (Criminal)  
 
| 1860-1906  
 
| 1860-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, {{FHL|2115466|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7208301 (1st of 33)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2115466 FHL Digital Capture 7208301 (1st of 33)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Boston Municipal Court  
 
| Boston Municipal Court  
 
| 1806-1859<br>1885-1905  
 
| 1806-1859<br>1885-1905  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, 1806-1859, {{FHL|2136977|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7221557 (1st of 36)}}; Petitions, 1885-1905, {{FHL|2142891|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7221555}}<br>All part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, 1806-1859, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2136977 FHL Digital Capture 7221557 (1st of 36)]; Petitions, 1885-1905, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2142891 FHL Digital Capture 7221555]<br>All part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Charlestown District Municipal Court  
 
| Charlestown District Municipal Court  
 
| 1902-1906  
 
| 1902-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, {{FHL|2115467|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7221654 (1st of 3)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2115467 FHL Digital Capture 7221654 (1st of 3)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Chelsea Police Court  
 
| Chelsea Police Court  
 
| 1886-1906  
 
| 1886-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, {{FHL|2115468|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7221660 (1st of 8)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2115468 FHL Digital Capture 7221660 (1st of 8)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Dorchester District Municipal Court  
 
| Dorchester District Municipal Court  
 
| 1902-1906  
 
| 1902-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, {{FHL|2115469|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7239072}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2115469 FHL Digital Capture 7239072]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Roxbury District Municipal Court  
 
| Roxbury District Municipal Court  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, {{FHL|2115465|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7239038 (1st of 4)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2115465 FHL Digital Capture 7239038 (1st of 4)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| West Roxbury District Municipal Court  
 
| West Roxbury District Municipal Court  
 
| 1892-1906  
 
| 1892-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, {{FHL|2142911|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7239057}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2142911 FHL Digital Capture 7239057]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| {{anchor|nat14}}<br>'''Worcester Co.'''
 
| {{anchor|nat14}}<br>'''Worcester Co.'''
Line 3,310: Line 3,739:
 
| 1837-1906  
 
| 1837-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, v. 1-37, {{FHL|2126512|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7254629 (1st of 50)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, v. 1-37, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126512 FHL Digital Capture 7254629 (1st of 50)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Court of Common Pleas  
 
| Court of Common Pleas  
 
| 1798-1859  
 
| 1798-1859  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, {{FHL|2126513|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7254571 (1st of 5)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126513 FHL Digital Capture 7254571 (1st of 5)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Western Worcester District Court (Brookfield)  
 
| Western Worcester District Court (Brookfield)  
 
| 1902-1906  
 
| 1902-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, {{FHL|2115473|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7239085}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2115473 FHL Digital Capture 7239085]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| First Eastern Worcester District Court (Westborough)  
 
| First Eastern Worcester District Court (Westborough)  
 
| 1892-1906  
 
| 1892-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, {{FHL|2126524|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7254581}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126524 FHL Digital Capture 7254581]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Second Eastern Worcester District Court (Clinton)  
 
| Second Eastern Worcester District Court (Clinton)  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, {{FHL|2115470|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7239092 (1st of 9)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2115470 FHL Digital Capture 7239092 (1st of 9)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| First Northern Worcester District Court (Gardner)  
 
| First Northern Worcester District Court (Gardner)  
 
| 1883-1906  
 
| 1883-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions (#2-1244), {{FHL|2126525|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7254585 (1st of 6)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions (#2-1244), [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126525 FHL Digital Capture 7254585 (1st of 6)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| First Southern Worcester District Court (Southbridge)  
 
| First Southern Worcester District Court (Southbridge)  
 
| 1898-1905  
 
| 1898-1905  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions (#1-576){{FHL|2126526|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7254595}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions (#1-576), [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126526 FHL Digital Capture 7254595]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Third Southern Worcester District Court (Milford)  
 
| Third Southern Worcester District Court (Milford)  
 
| 1900-1903  
 
| 1900-1903  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions (#1-445), {{FHL|2126529|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7254634-7254635}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions (#1-445), [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126529 FHL Digital Capture 7254634-7254635]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Central Worcester District Court  
 
| Central Worcester District Court  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| 1885-1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, v. 1-29, {{FHL|2142588|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7270457 (1st of 29)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, v. 1-29, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2142588 FHL Digital Capture 7270457 (1st of 29)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Fitchburg Police Court  
 
| Fitchburg Police Court  
 
| 1885-1904  
 
| 1885-1904  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions (#1-2272){{FHL|2126528|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7239079 (1st of 7)}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions (#1-2272), [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126528 FHL Digital Capture 7239079 (1st of 7)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Winchendon District Court  
 
| Winchendon District Court  
 
| 1906  
 
| 1906  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions (#9-46), {{FHL|2126511|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7254559}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions (#9-46), [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126511 FHL Digital Capture 7254559]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Worcester Police Court  
 
| Worcester Police Court  
 
| 1851-1854  
 
| 1851-1854  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
 
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]  
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
+
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
| Petitions, {{FHL|2142634|item|disp=FHL Digital Capture 7283185-7283187}}; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
+
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2142634 FHL Digital Capture 7283185-7283187]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|}
 
|}
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]] || [[#Naturalization_Records|Top of Naturalization]]</center>  
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]] || [[#Naturalization_Records|Top of Naturalization]]</center>  
Line 3,396: Line 3,825:
 
| [[#Archives|Mass. Archives]]  
 
| [[#Archives|Mass. Archives]]  
 
| Consolidated index of all courts  
 
| Consolidated index of all courts  
| {{FHL|700596|item|disp=FHL film 1940387 (1st of 7)}}
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/700596 FHL film 1940387 (1st of 7)]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| District Court  
 
| District Court  
Line 3,402: Line 3,831:
 
| [[#Archives|Mass. Archives]]  
 
| [[#Archives|Mass. Archives]]  
 
| Records chronological, each volume indexed  
 
| Records chronological, each volume indexed  
| {{FHL|700375|item|disp=FHL film 1901984 (1st of 9)}}
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/700375 FHL film 1901984 (1st of 9)]
|-
+
|}
| {{anchor|nat15}}<br>'''Barnstable Co.'''
+
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]] || [[#Naturalization_Records|Top of Naturalization]]</center>
|-
+
{{anchor|nat30}}<br>
| Superior Court
+
<center>'''Bibliography'''</center>
| Declarations, 1907-1935
+
*Frank G. Franklin, ''The Legislative History of Naturalization in the United States from the Revolutionary War to 1861'' (PhD Thesis, 1900; Chicago, 1906; rep. New York, 1969+), ix, 308 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/legislativehisto00fran Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=4JiHAAAAMAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/60732161 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
| Barnstable courthouse, Hyannis
+
*''Guide to the Records in the National Archives - New England Region'' (Washington, D.C., 1989), v, 25 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/21542621 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|964411|item|disp=FHL book 973 J53t}} (similar work).<br>  
| Index in each volume
+
*Walter V. Hickey, "A gold mine of naturalization records in New England" in the ''Bulletin of the Cape Cape Genealogical Society'', 31: 101-106<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9301536 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1845783|item|disp=FHL digital link}} (downloads entire issue).<br>
| {{FHL|584788|item|disp=FHL film 1846562-1846563}}.
+
*Sidney Kansas, ''Immigration, Exclusion, Deportation and Citizenship of the United States'' (New York, 3rd ed., 1948), x, 460 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4412795 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|610957|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2ka}}.<br>
|-
+
*James H. Kettner, ''The Development of American Citizenship, 1608-1870'' (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1978), xi, 391 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3627234 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|7209|item|disp=FHL book 973 P4k}}.<br>
| Superior Court
+
*James C. Neagles and Lila Lee Neagles, ''Locating Your Immigrant Ancestor: A Guide to Naturalization Records'' (Logan, Utah, rev. ed., 1986), xi, 153 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6423879 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|383607|item|disp=FHL book 973 P47n}}; {{FHL|122500|item|disp=FHL 1995 book}} (with digital link).<br>
| Naturalizations, 1907-1933
+
*John J. Newman, ''American Naturalization Processes and Procedures, 1790-1985'' (Indianapolis, Ind., 1985), 43 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12388755 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|314550|item|disp=FHL book 973 P4n}}.<br>
| Barnstable courthouse, Hyannis
+
*Christina K. Schaefer, ''Guide to Naturalization Records of the United States'' (Baltimore, 1997), xii, 394 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/36674082 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|788457|item|disp=FHL book 973 P4s}}.<br>  
| Index in each volume
+
*Marian L. Smith, ''An Immigrant Nation: United States Regulation of Immigration, 1798-1991'' (Washington, D.C., 1991), v, 41 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/25505090 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
| {{FHL|584510|item|disp=FHL film 1846237-1846238, 1846338}}.
+
*U.S. Department of Justice, ''Directory of Courts Having Jurisdiction in Naturalization Proceedings'' (Washington, D.C., 1908; rep. many times through 1979), 252 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/directorycourts00natugoog Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=eKoGAAAAMAAJ Google Books], and [http://pds.lib.harvard.edu/pds/view/6466350 Harvard University].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12593620 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|477392|item|disp=FHL film 1730286}} (1963 ed.).<br>
|-
+
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]] || [[#Naturalization_Records|Top of Naturalization]]</center>
| {{anchor|nat16}}<br>'''Berkshire Co.'''
+
{{anchor|imm03}}
|-
+
 
| Superior Court
+
==== Other Records  ====
| 1823-1991
+
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
+
*Canadian Border Crossings, 1908-1935 [''from the U.S.''], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1344 Ancestry] ($).<br>  
| Card index at Judicial Archives that includes declaration of intention
+
*St. Albans Border Crossings, 1895-1954 [''from Canada''], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1075 Ancestry] ($).<br>If the ship's name and date of sail are known, use [http://www.donslist.net/PGHLookups/IAStAlbansVTPsngr.html Don Krieger's Passenger List Guide] for these records which link to the scanned NARA microfilm on Internet Archive.<br>
| 1932-1945 at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]<br>Index cards, 1815-1985, {{FHL|600841|item|disp=FHL films 1435842-1435843, 1450553-1450559}}; Index cards, 1815-1906, {{FHL|487811|item|disp=FHL films 1435828-1435830}}.
+
*Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society card file I-96, 1882-1929, from the American Jewish Historical Society, {{FHL|1050948|item|disp=FHL film 2318189-2318392, 2318509-2318512}}.<br>
|-
+
*U.S. Passport Applications, 1795-1925, [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1174 Ancestry] ($) or [http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#253%7Ch8J_-ezPe fold3] ($).<br>  
| Superior Court<br>Court of Common Pleas
+
*U.S. Consular Posts, Emergency Passport Applications, 1915-1925, [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1505 Ancestry] ($).<br>
| 1848-1885
+
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]]</center>
| Berkshire Co. courthouse, Pittsfield, in 1986
+
{{anchor|imm04}}  
| Index in each of 6 volumes
+
 
| Naturalization declarations and petitions, {{FHL|488018|item|disp=FHL films 1435835-1435838}}.
+
==== Bibliography  ====
|-
+
 
| Superior Court
+
*Robert Charles Anderson, ''The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1623–1633'' (Boston, 1995), 3v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/33083117 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|22717|item|disp=FHL books 974 W2a}}.<br>  
| Records, 1906-1945<br>Index, 1829-1936
+
*Robert Charles Anderson, ''The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634–1635'' (Boston, 1999-2011), 7v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/49260702 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|957042|item|disp=FHL book 974 W2aa}}.<br>  
| Berkshire Co. courthouse, Pittsfield, in 1986, and part (index?) at [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
+
*Robert Charles Anderson, ''The Pilgrim Migration: Immigrants to Plymouth Colony, 1620-1629'' (Boston, 2004), lxviii, 638 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/57507677 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1197928|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 D3a}}.<br>  
| Index in each of 32 volumes
+
*Robert Charles Anderson, ''The Winthrop Fleet: Massachusetts Bay Company Immigrants to New England, 1629-1630'' (Boston, 2012), ixxviii, 832 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/802345529 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
| {{FHL|487828|item|disp=FHL films 1435830-1435835, 2195995-2195996}}, index on 1435835 item 2.
+
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers, who came to Plymouth on the "Mayflower" in 1620, the "Fortune" in 1621, and the "Anne" and the "Little James" in 1623'' (New York, 1929; rep. many times), xi, 187 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48557 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1333972 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1962 ed.); [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3AEnglish%20%2Btitle%3AAncestry%20%2Btitle%3Aand%20%2Btitle%3AHomes%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3Athe%20%2Btitle%3APilgrim%20%2Btitle%3AFathers FHL book 974 W2be].<br>  
|-
+
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The Planters of the Commonwealth; a study of the emigrants and emigration in colonial times: to which are added lists of passengers to Boston and to the Bay Colony; the ships which brought them; their English homes, and the places of their settlement in Massachusetts, 1620-1640'' (Boston, 1930; rep. many times), xii, 231 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48127 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/953611 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1967 ed.); [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3APlanters%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3Athe%20%2Btitle%3ACommonwealth FHL book 974 W2bf].<br>
| Superior Court
+
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The Winthrop Fleet'' (Boston, 1930; rep. Baltimore, 1961+), ix, 118 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48245 Ancestry] ($) (1999 ed.).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/452183 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1968 ed. only); [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3AWinthrop%20%2Btitle%3AFleet FHL book 974.4 W2b] (many editions).<br>
| Petitions and records, 1891-1934, 1937-1945
+
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The Topographical Dictionary of 2,885 English Emigrants to New England'' (Philadelphia, 1937; rep. Baltimore, 1957+).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/679755406 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1969 ed.); [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3ATopographical%20%2Btitle%3ADictionary%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3A2885%20%2Btitle%3AEnglish%20%2Btitle%3AEmigrants%20%2Btitle%3Ato%20%2Btitle%3ANew%20%2Btitle%3AEngland FHL book 974 W2ba] (many editions).<br>
| Berkshire Co. courthouse, Pittsfield, in 1986
+
*Ethel Stanwood Bolton, ''Immigrants to New England, 1700–1775'' (Salem, Mass., 1931; rep. Baltimore, 1966+), 235 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48095 Ancestry] ($) (1997 ed.).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1015465 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1966 ed.); {{FHL|328742|item|disp=FHL book 974 W2b}} and {{FHL|328741|item|disp=FHL film 874195 item 3}}.<br>  
| Index in each volume and index volume, 1826-1938
+
*Carl Boyer 3rd, ed., ''Ship Passenger Lists: National and New England (1600-1825)'' (Newhall, Cal., 1977), 270 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3353223 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|216721|item|disp=FHL book 973 W3s or fiche 6049470}} (with digital link).<br>
| {{FHL|595353|item|disp=FHL films 1435838 (first of 33}}, index on 2196102 item 2.
+
*Joseph William Carlevale, ''Leading Americans of Italian Descent in Massachusetts'' (Plymouth, Mass., 1946), 861 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=21593 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3763115 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
|-
+
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants in Bondage, 1614–1775'' (Baltimore, 1988; supp. 1992), xv, 920, 86 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/18176302 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26564121 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (supp.); {{FHL|654640|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2c}}.<br>
| Superior Court
+
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607–1660'' (Baltimore, 1987), xviii, 600 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/22434255 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|570051|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2coL}}.<br>
| Records, ca. 1866-1941
+
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1661–1669'' (Baltimore, 1990), vii, 894 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/22392352 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|410429|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2coL}}.<br>
| Berkshire Co. courthouse, Pittsfield, in 1986
+
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1700–1750'' (Baltimore, 1992), ix, 743 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/25512381 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|513401|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2coL}}.<br>
| NO index
+
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1751–1776'' (Baltimore, 1992), viii, 349 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/28095632 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|638712|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2coL}}.<br>
| {{FHL|595203|item|disp=FHL films 1450664-1450672}}.
+
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607–1776, and Emigrants in Bondage 1614–1775'' ([Novato, Ca.], 1996), 1 CD.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/35961940 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|773852|item|CD-ROM no. 9 pt. 350}}.<br>
|-
+
*William Isaac Cole, ''Immigrant Races in Massachusetts: The Greeks'' (Boston?, 1919?), [6] pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/immigrantracesin00cole Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3282270 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
| All courts
+
*Meridith B. Colket Jr., ''Founders of Early American Families: Emigrants from Europe 1607–1657'' (Cleveland, Ohio, 1975; second rev. ed., 2002), xlv, 443 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1733517 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1975 ed.); {{FHL|285129|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2cm.}} (1985 ed.).<br>
| Docket book, 1856-1887
+
*George Francis Donovan, ''The Pre-Revolutionary Irish in Massachusetts, 1620-1775'' (Menasha, Wisc., 1932), 158 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8141263 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|381941|item|disp=FHL film 1466004 Item 8}} or {{FHL|1057843|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 F2dg}} (200? ed.).<br>
| Berkshire Co. courthouse, Pittsfield, in 1986
+
*Federal Writers' Project, Massachusetts, ''The Armenians in Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1937; rep. New York, 1973), 148 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/armeniansinmassa00uswo Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5314944 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1937 ed.); Not at FHL.<br>
| n/a
+
*P. William Filby, ''Passenger and Immigration Lists Index'' (Detroit, Mich., 1981-2005), 29v..<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7385897 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (see other eds.); ({{FHL|291926|item|disp=FHL book 973 W32p}}.<br>
| {{FHL|572643|item|disp=FHL films 1450586-1450587}}.
+
*Lucie M. Gardner, "Settlers about Boston Bay prior to 1630" in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 2 [1909]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag00sale#page/n243/mode/2up 115-117], [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag00sale#page/n243/mode/2up 176-183].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1756836 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1260170|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 B2mm v. 1-2}}.<br>
|-
+
*Edward A. Hall, "The Irish Pioneers of the Connecticut Valley" in ''The Journal of the American Irish Historical Society'', 4 [1904]: 43-54.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/journalamerican39socigoog#page/n48/mode/2up Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480088 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1656825|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2i v. 4}} (with digital link).<br>
| Pittsfield Dist. Ct.
+
*Marilyn B. Halter, "Cape Verdean-American Immigration and Patterns of Settlement, 1860-1940," Ph.D. Dissertation, Boston Univ., 1986, xiii, 270 leaves.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39874726 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
| 1885-1906
+
*Edward W. Hanson, "The Non-English New Englanders" in ''The New England Historical and Genealogical Register'', 139 [1985]: 3-20.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7030049 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|127567|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2ne v. 139}}.<br>
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
+
*Ruth-Ann M. Harris and Donald M. Jacobs, eds., ''The Search for Missing Friends'' (Boston, 1989–2002), 8v.<br>Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=263 American Ancestors] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/20489613 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|403971|item|disp=FHL book 974.461 H29s}}.<br>
| WPA card index at Judicial Archives
+
*Martin E. Hollick, ''New Englanders in the 1600s: A guide to genealogical research published between 1980 and 2010'' (Boston, 2006; expanded ed., 2012), xxvii, 282 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/786187499 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1359885|item|disp=FHL book 974 D22h}} (2006 ed.).<br>
| [http://www.pittsfieldlibrary.org/ Berkshire Athenaeum]; {{FHL|474040|item|disp=FHL films 1769722-1769727}}, index on 1769722.
+
*John Camden Hotten, ''The Original Lists of Persons of Quality: Emigrants, etc., Who Went from Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600-1700'' (London, 1874; rep. New York, 1931+), xxxvi, 580 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2065 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1615006 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1962 ed.); [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3AOriginal%20%2Btitle%3ALists%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3APersons%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3AQuality FHL book 973 W2hot] (many editions).<br>
|-
+
*''The Irish in New England: Immigration of the Irish to New England; Sources of Irish-American Genealogy; The Kennedys of Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1985), iv, 44 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12573693 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|364313|item|disp=FHL book 974 F2k}}.<br>
| Pittsfield Ct. of Common Pleas
+
*Charles Boardman Jewson, ''Transcript of Three Registers of Passengers from Great Yarmouth to Holland and New England, 1637-1639'' ([Norfolk], Eng., 1954; rep. Baltimore, 1964), 98 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/133136 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|283850|item|disp=FHL book 974 W3j}}.<br>
| 1843-1856
+
*John C. Linehan, "Irish Pioneers in Boston and Vicinity" in ''The Journal of the American Irish Historical Society'', 6 [1906]: 75-84.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/journalamerican43socigoog#page/n85/mode/2up Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480088 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1656830|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2i v. 5-6}}.<br>
| Berkshire Co. courthouse, Pittsfield, in 1986
+
*John J. McCoy, "The Irish Element in the Second Massachusetts Volunteers in the Recent War (with Spain)" in ''The Journal of the American Irish Historical Society'', 2 [1899]: 85-88.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/journalamerican00obrgoog#page/n98/mode/2up Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480088 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1656828|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2i v. 1-2}}.<br>
| NO index
+
*Patty Barthell Myers, ''Female Index to Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England by James Savage'' (Baltimore, 2008), 344 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/191091717 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1462457|item|disp=FHL book 974 D2s index}}.<br>
| {{FHL|595176|item|disp=FHL films 1450634-1450636, 1450663-1450664}}.
+
*New England Historic Genealogical Society, ''English Origins of New England Families from the New England Historical and Genealogical Register'' - First Series (Baltimore, 1984), 3v. Second Series (Baltimore, 1985), 3v.<br>FIRST series: Digital version at Ancestry ($) ([http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48555 v. 1], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48085 v. 2], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48086 v. 3])<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10618143 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|323303|item|disp=FHL book 974 D2e}}.<br>SECOND series: Digital version at Ancestry ($) ([http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48556 v. 1], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48087 v. 2], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48088 v. 3])<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11690506 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|164748|item|disp=FHL book 974 D2en}}.<br>
|-
+
*Michael Joseph O'Brien, "Some Traces of Irish Settlers in the Colony of Massachusetts Bay" in ''The Journal of the American Irish Historical Society'', 18 [1919]: 145-162.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/journalamerican94socigoog#page/n154/mode/2up Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480088 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|988453|item|disp=FHL CD-ROM no. 327}} (no hard copy).<br>
| {{anchor|nat17}}<br>'''Bristol Co.'''
+
*Eben Putnam, "Two Early Passenger Lists, 1635-1637" in ''The New England Historical and Genealogical Register'', 75 [1921]: [http://books.google.com/books?id=88sUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA217 217-226] or on [http://www.americanancestors.org/PageDetail.aspx?recordId=236683069 American Ancestors] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7030049 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|127567|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2ne}}.<br>
|-
+
*Melinde Lutz Sanborn, ''Third Supplement to Torrey's New England Marriages Prior to 1700'' (Baltimore, 2003), xviii, 379 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49372 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/54931461 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1137216|item|disp=FHL book 974 V2t supp. 3}}.<br>
| Supreme Judicial Ct.  
+
*James Savage, ''A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England'' (Boston, 1860-1862; rep. Baltimore, 1965+), 4v.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/genealogicaldic01savarich v. 1], [http://archive.org/details/genealogicaldic02savarich v. 2], [http://archive.org/details/genealogicaldic03savarich v. 3], [http://archive.org/details/genealogicaldic04savarich v. 4]), Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=HWEblLuls8kC v. 1], [http://books.google.com/books?id=PDkPAAAAYAAJ v. 2], [http://books.google.com/books?id=5yeOnSfbehcC v. 3], [http://books.google.com/books?id=lZqoaqjEpWsC v. 4]), and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3124 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/679086 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1st ed.); [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AA%20%2Btitle%3AGenealogical%20%2Btitle%3ADictionary%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3Athe%20%2Btitle%3AFirst%20%2Btitle%3ASettlers%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3ANew%20%2Btitle%3AEngland FHL book 974 D2s] (many editions and formats).<br>
| 1805-1856
+
*Kenneth Scott, ''British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812'' (Baltimore, 1979), vii, 420 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49091].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5711802 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|78653|item|disp=FHL book 973 W4s}}.<br>
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]  
+
*George Sherwood, ''American Colonists in English Records: A Guide to direct references in authentic records, Passenger Lists not in "Hotten," &amp;c., &amp;c., &amp;c.'' (London, 1932-1933; rep. Baltimore, 1961+), 2v., 215 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48495 Ancestry] ($) (1969 ed.).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6556098 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1961 ed.); {{FHL|629139|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2k}} (1982 ed.).<br>
| Indexed
+
*Michael Tepper, ''Passengers to America: A Consolidation of Ship Passenger Lists from the "New England Historical and Genealogical Register" ''(Baltimore, 1977+), xii, 554 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48605 Ancestry] ($) (1980 ed.)<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3205345 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|287914|item|disp=FHL book 973 W3t}}.<br>
| {{FHL|632176|item|disp=FHL film 1863593 (1st of 15}}; Index, {{FHL|632807|item|disp=FHL film 1869523 Item 1}}
+
*Mrs. Nathaniel Thayer, "The Immigrants (1830-1929)" in Albert Bushnell Hart, ''Commonwealth History of Massachusetts'' (New York, 1927-1930), 4: 142–171.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1543273 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|656150|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 H2ha}}.<br>
|-
+
*Clarence Almon Torrey, ''New England Marriages Prior to 1700'' (Baltimore, 1985+), xvi, 1009 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3824 Ancestry] ($) (2004 ed.)<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11838492 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|146171|item|disp=FHL book 974 V2t}}.<br>Based on original manuscript at the New England Historic Genealogical Society (no catalog record for original), microfilm of manuscript at NEHGS, 12v. on 7 reels, [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/57267744 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] and {{FHL|290345|item|disp=FHL film 929494-929500}}.<br>Transcript on CD (Boston, 2001), 1 Disc, Not on WorldCat; {{FHL|1022869|item|disp=FHL CD-ROM no. 1261}}, or [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=0344&Da=289 American Ancestors] ($) (database).<br>New edition with bibliographic references and index (Boston, 2011), 3v., [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/712802027 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1918903|item|disp=FHL book 974 V2tc}}.<br>
| Supreme Judicial Ct.  
+
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]]</center>
| ca. 1852-1885
+
=== Newspapers  ===
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
+
 
| Indexed
+
Newspapers were first published in Massachusetts in 1690. The Commonwealth has a rich history documented within these pages. Most all libraries have copies of their local newspapers and research / university libraries include more. There are two libraries whose collection rivals all others:
| Records, {{FHL|647837|item|disp=FHL film 1872216 (1st of 6)}}; Index, {{FHL|632855|item|disp=FHL film 1869523 Item 2}}
+
 
|-
+
*American Antiquarian Society, Worcester (see details below under [[#Libraries_and_Societies|Libraries]]), collects all things in print before 1876. They hold the largest single collection of [http://www.americanantiquarian.org/newspapers.htm original newspapers] in the country.<br>
| Superior Court
+
*Boston Public Library, Boston (see details below under [[#Libraries_and_Societies|Libraries]]), is the repository for Massachusetts part of the national effort to microfilm all known existing copies of newspapers called the [http://www.bpl.org/research/newspapers/ Massachusetts Newspaper Program]. For their holdings, see the [http://www.bpl.org/research/microtext/news.htm online guide] for newspapers.<br>
| 1856-1945
+
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]  
+
== Massachusetts Repositories  ==
| NO index
+
 
| {{FHL|615794|item|disp=FHL film 1854469 (1st of 128)}}
+
=== Archives  ===
|-
+
 
| Superior Court
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
| 1905-1991
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Card index at Judicial Archives and on microfilm
 
| 1905-1945 at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]; 1906-1930, {{FHL|631690|item|disp=FHL film 1862899 (1st of 18)}}<br>Index, 1907-1992, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]], {{FHL|631690|item|disp=FHL film 1869524 (1st of 25)}}
 
|-
 
| Superior Court
 
| 1927
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]  
 
| NO index
 
| {{FHL|655127|item|disp=FHL film 1872367 Item 2}}
 
|-
 
| Court of Common Pleas
 
| 1805-1885
 
| n/a
 
| Card index on microfilm
 
| Index, 1833-1885, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]; Index, 1805-1906, {{FHL|489138|item|disp=FHL film 1523081 Item 2}}
 
|-
 
| 1st Dist. Ct.<br>Taunton
 
| 1884-1895
 
| County courthouse, Taunton, in 1988
 
| Docket book
 
| {{FHL|489175|item|disp=FHL film 1530406 Items 2-4}}
 
|-
 
| 1st Dist. Ct.<br>Taunton
 
| Primary declarations, 1885-1906
 
| County courthouse, Taunton, in 1988
 
| NO index
 
| {{FHL|489193|item|disp=FHL film 1523082 Item 2}}
 
|-
 
| 1st Dist. Ct.<br>Taunton
 
| Petition packets, 1885-1906
 
| County courthouse, Taunton, in 1988
 
| Indexed
 
| {{FHL|489208|item|disp=FHL film 1523081 (1st of 9)}}
 
|-
 
| 1st Dist. Ct.<br>Taunton
 
| Card file, 1885-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Card index at Judicial Archives
 
| {{FHL|489160|item|disp=FHL films 1523101, 1523081}}
 
|-
 
| 1st Dist. Ct.<br>Taunton
 
| Declarations, 1896-1906
 
| County courthouse, Taunton, in 1988
 
| NO index
 
| {{FHL|489303|item|disp=FHL film 1530406 Item 1}}
 
|-
 
| 1st Dist. Ct.<br>Taunton
 
| Final apps., 1896-1906
 
| County courthouse, Taunton, in 1988
 
| NO index
 
| {{FHL|489122|item|disp=FHL film 1523039}}
 
|-
 
| 1st Dist. Ct.<br>Taunton
 
| Declarations, 1901-1906
 
| County courthouse, Taunton, in 1992
 
| Card index, 1885-1906
 
| Records and index, {{FHL|601001|item|disp=FHL film 1853521 (1st of 5)}}
 
|-
 
| 2nd Dist. Ct.<br>Fall River
 
| 1885-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Card index at Judicial Archives and on microfilm
 
| [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]; Not at FHL
 
|-
 
| 3rd Dist. Ct.<br>New Bedford
 
| 1885-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| NO index
 
| NO microfilm
 
|-
 
| 4th Dist. Ct.<br>Attleboro
 
| 1904-1906
 
| District Court, Attleboro, in 1988
 
| Docket books
 
| {{FHL|573107|item|disp=FHL film 1523041}}
 
|-
 
| 4th Dist. Ct.<br>Attleboro
 
| 1904-1906
 
| District Court, Attleboro, in 1992
 
| Card index
 
| {{FHL|601443|item|disp=FHL film 1853965}}
 
|-
 
| All Dist. Cts.  
 
| 1906-1909
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]  
 
| NO index
 
| {{FHL|655032|item|disp=FHL films 1872366-1872367}}
 
|-
 
| {{Anchor|nat18}}<br>'''Dukes Co.'''
 
| No records in the archives or on film
 
|-
 
| {{anchor|nat20}}<br>'''Franklin Co.'''
 
|-
 
| Superior Court
 
| 1812-1976
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Index at courthouse
 
| Records, 1907-1945, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]<br>Petitions, 1907-1945, {{FHL|968402|item|disp=FHL film 2195582 (1st of 11)}}<br>Declarations, 1906-1945, {{FHL|973565|item|disp=FHL films 2195580-2195581}}<br>Index, 1811-1991, {{FHL|470061|item|disp=FHL film 1769521-1769526, 1769527}}
 
|-
 
| Greenfield<br>District Court
 
| n/a
 
| District courthouse
 
| Indexed
 
| Records, 1891-1906, and Index, 1891-1906, {{FHL|491191|item|disp=FHL films 1765478-1765479}}
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Orange<br>District Court
+
! width="125" scope="col" | Location
| n/a
+
! width="250" scope="col" | Archive
| District courthouse
+
! width="500" scope="col" | Description
| n/a
 
| Final declarations, 1899-1906, {{FHL|473918|item|disp=FHL film 1769564}}
 
 
|-
 
|-
| {{anchor|nat21}}<br>'''Hampden Co.'''
+
| Boston
|-
+
| <center>Massachusetts Archives<br>220 Morrissey Blvd.<br>Boston MA 02125<br>617-727-2816<br>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colidx.htm website]</center>  
| Supreme Judicial Ct.<br>Ct. of Common Pleas
+
| The Archives holds the official records created by all parts of state government from 1629 to the present. The earliest material is found in the [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colmac.htm Massachusetts Archives Collection]. Common resources for genealogists and historians detailed in their [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcgen/genidx.htm online guide] are state vital records (starting in 1841), passenger lists, census, military records, the [[Suffolk County, Massachusetts#Suffolk_Files|Suffolk Files]], naturalizations, divorces, probate, name changes, adoptions, [[Suffolk County, Massachusetts#Land_Records_and_Atlases|Suffolk Deeds]], and many other records.<br>{{anchor|mac}}-----<br>The Massachusetts Archives Collection contains 328 volumes about early Massachusetts history (1629-1799). It is also called the Felt Collection. Rev. Joseph Felt organized most of the collection in the 1830s; the last third was added in the late nineteenth century. Most of the collection is available on microfilm.<br>  
| 1812-1859
+
*Volumes 1-239 on [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1055547 FHL film 2294195 (1st of 184)].<br>
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
+
*Volumes 240-328 on [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1050952 FHL film 2318834 (1st of 74)].<br>
| Indexed
+
 
| Records, 1816-1859, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]<br>Final adm. and primary declaration, 1840-1852, {{FHL|591751|item|disp=FHL films 1480083-1480087}}<br>Primary declaration, 1853-1877, {{FHL|486298|item|disp=FHL films 1479810-1479812}}<br>Primary and final papers, 1853-1874, {{FHL|486032|item|disp=FHL films 1479802-1479809}}<br>Index, 1812-1861, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]<br>Index, 1812-1853, {{FHL|485876|item|disp=FHL film 1479801 Item 2}}
+
Several finding aids are available to help locate records of interest.<br>
|-
+
 
| Superior Court
+
*Search the Archive's [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcsrch/RevolutionarySearchContects.html online index]. Only 18 of the 328 volumes are indexed.<br>
| 1860-1991
+
*View an online list of [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colvol1.htm volumes 1-99].<br>
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]  
+
*View an online list of [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colvol2.htm volumes 100-199].<br>
| Indexed
+
*View an online list of [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colvol3.htm volumes 200-238].<br>
| Records, 1860-1945, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]<br>Pending papers, 1851-1890, and dismissed papers, 1886-1887, {{FHL|486287|item|disp=FHL film 1479809 Items 2-3}}<br>Primary and final papers, 1853-1906, {{FHL|572270|item|disp=FHL films 1450861-1450864}}<br>Naturalization and final adm., 1875-1880, {{FHL|485798|item|disp=FHL film 1451438 (1st of 5)}}<br>Cert. of intention, 1875-1893, {{FHL|486290|item|disp=FHL films 1479809-1479810}}<br>Records, 1879-1906, {{FHL|591782|item|disp=FHL film 1480087 (1st of 9)}}; Declarations, 1906-1931, {{FHL|572069|item|disp=FHL film 1450792 (1st of 28)}}; Petitions of military personnel, 1918, {{FHL|572634|item|disp=FHL film 1450864 Item 2}}; Records, 1927-1945, {{FHL|571163|item|disp=FHL film 1450864 (1st of 98)}}; Index, 1906-1989, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]] and {{FHL|820777|item|disp=FHL film 2132736 (1st of 23)}}; Index, 1812-1906, {{FHL|591530|item|disp=FHL film 1464362-1464363}}; Index, 1906-1986, {{FHL|591530|item|disp=FHL film 1464331-1464361}}<br>
+
*View the card index on [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/285054 FHL film 543878 (1st of 57)].<br>  
|-
+
*Tables of content and name indexes are available for many of the volumes.<br>
| Palmer<br>District Court
+
 
| 1896-1906
 
| District courthouse, Palmer, in 1990
 
| Indexed
 
| Docket, records, and index, 1896-1906, {{FHL|572999|item|disp=FHL film 1673943}}
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Springfield<br>District Court
+
| Boston
| 1886-1906
+
| <center>Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Archives<br>3 Pemberton Sq.<br>Boston MA 02108<br>617-557-1082<br>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colidx.htm#court website]</center>
| District courthouse, Springfield, in 1990
+
| The Judicial Archives offices are in downtown Boston, but their holdings are in shared space at the State Archives at 220 Morrissey Blvd., Boston, and several off-site storage facilities. The Archives contains the pre-1860 records of the predecessor courts of the Superior Court (Court of General Sessions of the Peace and Inferior Court of Common Pleas) for 9 counties. Other records in the Judicial Archives include Supreme Judicial Court and Superior Court of Judicature; predominantly pre-1900 probate records of Essex, Middlesex, Suffolk, Plymouth, and Worcester counties; a limited number of County Court records; records of some Justices of the Peace, naturalization records and records of a small number of special courts. Probate, naturalization and divorce records are especially useful for those doing genealogical research.
| Indexed
 
| Declaration and naturalization, 1852-1855, {{FHL|565430|item|disp=FHL film 1686074 Items 1-2}}; Naturalization papers and index, 1885-1906, {{FHL|565870|item|disp=FHL film 1686074 (1st of 18)}}; Index, 1886-1906, {{FHL|565957|item|disp=FHL film 1686074 Item 7}}
 
 
|-
 
|-
| {{anchor|nat22}}<br>'''Hampshire Co.'''
+
| Waltham
 +
| <center>National Archives and Records Administration<br>380 Trapelo Rd.<br>Waltham MA 02452<br>866-406-2379<br>[http://www.archives.gov/boston/ website]</center>
 +
| This branch of the National Archives serves Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The paper records of this branch are extensive and listed in detail on their [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/index.html online guide to holdings]. The major group researchers use is the [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-001-049.html#21 records of the district and circuit courts]. These courts had jurisdiction over naturalization, bankruptcy, civil (law, equity, and admiralty), and criminal cases. The [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 records of the immigration and naturalization service] (INS) hold the "dexigraph" copies of naturalization declarations, petitions, and other documents dated 1787-1906, from Federal, State, and local courts in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. An accompanying card index covers all six New England States, 1787-1906 (Connecticut courts, 1787-1940). Related material on passenger lists and Canadian border crossings are held here.
 
|-
 
|-
| Superior Court
+
| Worcester
| 1849-1988
+
| <center>Massachusetts National Guard Museum and Archives<br>44 Salisbury St.<br>Worcester MA 06109<br>508-797-0334<br>[http://states.ng.mil/sites/MA/DevLibrary2/resources/museum/museum.htm website]</center>  
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
+
| This archive was established in 1995 and documents the Massachusetts National Guard organized in 1636 and the archives of the Office of the Adjutant General that includes Massachusetts military records from 1775 to 1940. Researchers should call at least one day in advance for a free appointment.
| Card index at Archives
 
| Records, 1849-1934, and Index, 1836-1986, {{FHL|522181|item|disp=FHL film 1508669 (1st of 17)}}; Index, 1859-[1996], {{FHL|781623|item|disp=FHL film 2057085 (1st of 5}}
 
|-
 
| Northampton<br>District Court
 
| 1885-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Card index at Archives
 
| Dockets and index, 1885-1906, {{FHL|522178|item|disp=FHL film 1578002 Items 2-5}}
 
|-
 
| Ware<br>District Court
 
| 1903-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Card index at Archives  
 
| Final docket, 1903-1906, {{FHL|572690|item|disp=FHL film 1673945}}
 
|-
 
| {{anchor|nat23}}<br>'''Middlesex Co.'''
 
|-
 
| Superior Court
 
| 1842-1991
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Card index
 
| Records, 1906-1944, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]; Records, 1841-1884, {{FHL|145215|item|disp=FHL film 963672-963676}}; Declarations, 1906-1945, {{FHL|956632|item|disp=FHL film 2156992 (1st of 10)}}; Petitions, 1911-1945, {{FHL|959722|item|disp=FHL film 2188907 (1st of 30)}}; Card index, 1800-1885, {{FHL|487757|item|disp=FHL film 1420474 Item 2}}; Index, 1906-1984, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]] and {{FHL|955303|item|disp=FHL film 2155887 (1st of 14)}}
 
|-
 
| Lowell<br>District Court
 
| 1885-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Docketed
 
| NO microfilm
 
|-
 
| Malden<br>District Court
 
| 1885-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Docketed
 
| NO microfilm
 
|-
 
| Newton<br>District Court
 
| 1885-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Card index
 
| NO microfilm
 
|-
 
| Somerville<br>District Court
 
| 1886-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Docketed, 1894-1906
 
| NO microfilm
 
|-
 
| Woburn<br>District Court
 
| 1894-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Docketed, 1892-1906
 
| NO microfilm
 
|-
 
| {{anchor|nat24}}<br>'''Nantucket Co.'''
 
|-
 
| Superior Court
 
| 1803-1974
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Card index
 
| Records, 1908-1945, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]; Declarations, 1908-1945, Petitions, 1910-1945, and Citizenship granted, 1930-1945, {{FHL|818997|item|disp=FHL films 2132425-2132426}}
 
|-
 
| {{anchor|nat25}}<br>'''Norfolk Co.'''
 
|-
 
| Superior Court
 
| 1806-1958
 
| Superior Court, Dedham and Quincy
 
| Card indexes
 
| DEDHAM: Declarations, 1906-1931; Petitions, 1906-1931; Index to records, 1806-1906 [note: rec. not at FHL]; Index to declarations, 1907-1958; Index to petitions, 1907-1958; Index to declarations and petitions, 1920-1958; QUINCY: Declarations, 1920-1937; Petitions, 1920-1931; Citizenship granted, 1929-1939, {{FHL|479889|item|disp=FHL film 1522670 (1st of 68)}}
 
|-
 
| Dedham<br>District Court
 
| 1885-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Card index
 
| NO microfilm
 
|-
 
| Quincy<br>District Court
 
| 1885-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Card index
 
| NO microfilm
 
|-
 
| Stoughton<br>District Court
 
| 1891-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
 
| Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
| Wrentham<br>District Court
 
| 1900-1904
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
 
| Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
| {{anchor|nat28}}<br>'''Worcester Co.'''
 
|-
 
| Superior Court
 
| 1809-1991
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Card index
 
| Records, 1906-1945, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]<br>Petitions, 1906-1945, v. 1-165 (#1-43193), and Petition index, 1885-1939, 1939-1949, {{FHL|738770|item|disp=FHL film 2111407 (1st of 123)}}<br>Declarations, 1909-1945, v. 1-101 (#1-57057), {{FHL|819045|item|disp=FHL film 2132429 (1st of 32)}}<br>Returns of naturalization, 1916-1929, {{FHL|700468|item|disp=FHL film 1902579}}<br>Naturalization records index, 1943-1978, and Declarations index, 1943-1978, {{FHL|737641|item|disp=FHL film 2110956 (1st of 10)}}
 
|-
 
| Clinton District Court
 
| 1891-1896
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Card index
 
| NO microfilm
 
|-
 
| Dudley/Webster District Court
 
| 1885-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Card index
 
| NO microfilm
 
|-
 
| Fitchburg District Court
 
| 1885-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Card index
 
| NO microfilm
 
|-
 
| Grafton/Westborough District Court
 
| 1885-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
 
| Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
|-
 
| Worcester District Court
 
| 1850-1855<br>1885-1906
 
| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], {{FHL|19737|item|disp=FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)}}
 
| Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 New England Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 
 
|}
 
|}
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]] || [[#Naturalization_Records|Top of Naturalization]]</center>
+
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
{{anchor|nat30}}<br>
 
<center>'''Bibliography'''</center>
 
*Frank G. Franklin, ''The Legislative History of Naturalization in the United States from the Revolutionary War to 1861'' (PhD Thesis, 1900; Chicago, 1906; rep. New York, 1969+), ix, 308 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/legislativehisto00fran Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=4JiHAAAAMAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/60732161 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
*''Guide to the Records in the National Archives - New England Region'' (Washington, D.C., 1989), v, 25 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/21542621 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|964411|item|disp=FHL book 973 J53t}} (similar work).<br>
 
*Walter V. Hickey, "A gold mine of naturalization records in New England" in the ''Bulletin of the Cape Cape Genealogical Society'', 31: 101-106<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9301536 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1845783|item|disp=FHL digital link}} (downloads entire issue).<br>
 
*Sidney Kansas, ''Immigration, Exclusion, Deportation and Citizenship of the United States'' (New York, 3rd ed., 1948), x, 460 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4412795 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|610957|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2ka}}.<br>
 
*James H. Kettner, ''The Development of American Citizenship, 1608-1870'' (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1978), xi, 391 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3627234 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|7209|item|disp=FHL book 973 P4k}}.<br>
 
*James C. Neagles and Lila Lee Neagles, ''Locating Your Immigrant Ancestor: A Guide to Naturalization Records'' (Logan, Utah, rev. ed., 1986), xi, 153 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6423879 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|383607|item|disp=FHL book 973 P47n}}; {{FHL|122500|item|disp=FHL 1995 book}} (with digital link).<br>
 
*John J. Newman, ''American Naturalization Processes and Procedures, 1790-1985'' (Indianapolis, Ind., 1985), 43 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12388755 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|314550|item|disp=FHL book 973 P4n}}.<br>
 
*Christina K. Schaefer, ''Guide to Naturalization Records of the United States'' (Baltimore, 1997), xii, 394 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/36674082 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|788457|item|disp=FHL book 973 P4s}}.<br>
 
*Marian L. Smith, ''An Immigrant Nation: United States Regulation of Immigration, 1798-1991'' (Washington, D.C., 1991), v, 41 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/25505090 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
*U.S. Department of Justice, ''Directory of Courts Having Jurisdiction in Naturalization Proceedings'' (Washington, D.C., 1908; rep. many times through 1979), 252 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/directorycourts00natugoog Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=eKoGAAAAMAAJ Google Books], and [http://pds.lib.harvard.edu/pds/view/6466350 Harvard University].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12593620 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|477392|item|disp=FHL film 1730286}} (1963 ed.).<br>
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]] || [[#Naturalization_Records|Top of Naturalization]]</center>
 
{{anchor|imm03}}
 
 
 
==== Other Records  ====
 
 
 
*Canadian Border Crossings, 1908-1935 [''from the U.S.''], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1344 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 
*St. Albans Border Crossings, 1895-1954 [''from Canada''], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1075 Ancestry] ($).<br>If the ship's name and date of sail are known, use [http://www.donslist.net/PGHLookups/IAStAlbansVTPsngr.html Don Krieger's Passenger List Guide] for these records which link to the scanned NARA microfilm on Internet Archive.<br>
 
*Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society card file I-96, 1882-1929, from the American Jewish Historical Society, {{FHL|1050948|item|disp=FHL film 2318189-2318392, 2318509-2318512}}.<br>
 
*U.S. Passport Applications, 1795-1925, [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1174 Ancestry] ($) or [http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#253%7Ch8J_-ezPe fold3] ($).<br>
 
*U.S. Consular Posts, Emergency Passport Applications, 1915-1925, [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1505 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]]</center>
 
{{anchor|imm04}}
 
 
 
==== Bibliography  ====
 
 
 
*Robert Charles Anderson, ''The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1623–1633'' (Boston, 1995), 3v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/33083117 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|22717|item|disp=FHL books 974 W2a}}.<br>
 
*Robert Charles Anderson, ''The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634–1635'' (Boston, 1999-2011), 7v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/49260702 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|957042|item|disp=FHL book 974 W2aa}}.<br>
 
*Robert Charles Anderson, ''The Pilgrim Migration: Immigrants to Plymouth Colony, 1620-1629'' (Boston, 2004), lxviii, 638 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/57507677 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1197928|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 D3a}}.<br>
 
*Robert Charles Anderson, ''The Winthrop Fleet: Massachusetts Bay Company Immigrants to New England, 1629-1630'' (Boston, 2012), ixxviii, 832 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/802345529 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers, who came to Plymouth on the "Mayflower" in 1620, the "Fortune" in 1621, and the "Anne" and the "Little James" in 1623'' (New York, 1929; rep. many times), xi, 187 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48557 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1333972 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1962 ed.); [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3AEnglish%20%2Btitle%3AAncestry%20%2Btitle%3Aand%20%2Btitle%3AHomes%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3Athe%20%2Btitle%3APilgrim%20%2Btitle%3AFathers FHL book 974 W2be].<br>
 
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The Planters of the Commonwealth; a study of the emigrants and emigration in colonial times: to which are added lists of passengers to Boston and to the Bay Colony; the ships which brought them; their English homes, and the places of their settlement in Massachusetts, 1620-1640'' (Boston, 1930; rep. many times), xii, 231 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48127 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/953611 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1967 ed.); [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3APlanters%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3Athe%20%2Btitle%3ACommonwealth FHL book 974 W2bf].<br>
 
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The Winthrop Fleet'' (Boston, 1930; rep. Baltimore, 1961+), ix, 118 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48245 Ancestry] ($) (1999 ed.).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/452183 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1968 ed. only); [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3AWinthrop%20%2Btitle%3AFleet FHL book 974.4 W2b] (many editions).<br>
 
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The Topographical Dictionary of 2,885 English Emigrants to New England'' (Philadelphia, 1937; rep. Baltimore, 1957+).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/679755406 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1969 ed.); [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3ATopographical%20%2Btitle%3ADictionary%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3A2885%20%2Btitle%3AEnglish%20%2Btitle%3AEmigrants%20%2Btitle%3Ato%20%2Btitle%3ANew%20%2Btitle%3AEngland FHL book 974 W2ba] (many editions).<br>
 
*Ethel Stanwood Bolton, ''Immigrants to New England, 1700–1775'' (Salem, Mass., 1931; rep. Baltimore, 1966+), 235 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48095 Ancestry] ($) (1997 ed.).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1015465 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1966 ed.); {{FHL|328742|item|disp=FHL book 974 W2b}} and {{FHL|328741|item|disp=FHL film 874195 item 3}}.<br>
 
*Carl Boyer 3rd, ed., ''Ship Passenger Lists: National and New England (1600-1825)'' (Newhall, Cal., 1977), 270 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3353223 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|216721|item|disp=FHL book 973 W3s or fiche 6049470}} (with digital link).<br>
 
*Joseph William Carlevale, ''Leading Americans of Italian Descent in Massachusetts'' (Plymouth, Mass., 1946), 861 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=21593 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3763115 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants in Bondage, 1614–1775'' (Baltimore, 1988; supp. 1992), xv, 920, 86 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/18176302 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26564121 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (supp.); {{FHL|654640|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2c}}.<br>
 
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607–1660'' (Baltimore, 1987), xviii, 600 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/22434255 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|570051|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2coL}}.<br>
 
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1661–1669'' (Baltimore, 1990), vii, 894 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/22392352 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|410429|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2coL}}.<br>
 
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1700–1750'' (Baltimore, 1992), ix, 743 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/25512381 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|513401|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2coL}}.<br>
 
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1751–1776'' (Baltimore, 1992), viii, 349 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/28095632 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|638712|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2coL}}.<br>
 
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607–1776, and Emigrants in Bondage 1614–1775'' ([Novato, Ca.], 1996), 1 CD.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/35961940 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|773852|item|CD-ROM no. 9 pt. 350}}.<br>
 
*William Isaac Cole, ''Immigrant Races in Massachusetts: The Greeks'' (Boston?, 1919?), [6] pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/immigrantracesin00cole Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3282270 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
*Meridith B. Colket Jr., ''Founders of Early American Families: Emigrants from Europe 1607–1657'' (Cleveland, Ohio, 1975; second rev. ed., 2002), xlv, 443 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1733517 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1975 ed.); {{FHL|285129|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2cm.}} (1985 ed.).<br>
 
*George Francis Donovan, ''The Pre-Revolutionary Irish in Massachusetts, 1620-1775'' (Menasha, Wisc., 1932), 158 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8141263 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|381941|item|disp=FHL film 1466004 Item 8}} or {{FHL|1057843|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 F2dg}} (200? ed.).<br>
 
*Federal Writers' Project, Massachusetts, ''The Armenians in Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1937; rep. New York, 1973), 148 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/armeniansinmassa00uswo Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5314944 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1937 ed.); Not at FHL.<br>
 
*P. William Filby, ''Passenger and Immigration Lists Index'' (Detroit, Mich., 1981-2005), 29v..<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7385897 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (see other eds.); ({{FHL|291926|item|disp=FHL book 973 W32p}}.<br>
 
*Lucie M. Gardner, "Settlers about Boston Bay prior to 1630" in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 2 [1909]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag00sale#page/n243/mode/2up 115-117], [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag00sale#page/n243/mode/2up 176-183].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1756836 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1260170|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 B2mm v. 1-2}}.<br>
 
*Edward A. Hall, "The Irish Pioneers of the Connecticut Valley" in ''The Journal of the American Irish Historical Society'', 4 [1904]: 43-54.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/journalamerican39socigoog#page/n48/mode/2up Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480088 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1656825|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2i v. 4}} (with digital link).<br>
 
*Marilyn B. Halter, "Cape Verdean-American Immigration and Patterns of Settlement, 1860-1940," Ph.D. Dissertation, Boston Univ., 1986, xiii, 270 leaves.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39874726 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
*Edward W. Hanson, "The Non-English New Englanders" in ''The New England Historical and Genealogical Register'', 139 [1985]: 3-20.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7030049 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|127567|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2ne v. 139}}.<br>
 
*Ruth-Ann M. Harris and Donald M. Jacobs, eds., ''The Search for Missing Friends'' (Boston, 1989–2002), 8v.<br>Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=263 American Ancestors] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/20489613 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|403971|item|disp=FHL book 974.461 H29s}}.<br>
 
*Martin E. Hollick, ''New Englanders in the 1600s: A guide to genealogical research published between 1980 and 2010'' (Boston, 2006; expanded ed., 2012), xxvii, 282 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/786187499 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1359885|item|disp=FHL book 974 D22h}} (2006 ed.).<br>
 
*John Camden Hotten, ''The Original Lists of Persons of Quality: Emigrants, etc., Who Went from Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600-1700'' (London, 1874; rep. New York, 1931+), xxxvi, 580 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2065 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1615006 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1962 ed.); [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3AOriginal%20%2Btitle%3ALists%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3APersons%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3AQuality FHL book 973 W2hot] (many editions).<br>
 
*''The Irish in New England: Immigration of the Irish to New England; Sources of Irish-American Genealogy; The Kennedys of Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1985), iv, 44 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12573693 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|364313|item|disp=FHL book 974 F2k}}.<br>
 
*Charles Boardman Jewson, ''Transcript of Three Registers of Passengers from Great Yarmouth to Holland and New England, 1637-1639'' ([Norfolk], Eng., 1954; rep. Baltimore, 1964), 98 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/133136 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|283850|item|disp=FHL book 974 W3j}}.<br>
 
*John C. Linehan, "Irish Pioneers in Boston and Vicinity" in ''The Journal of the American Irish Historical Society'', 6 [1906]: 75-84.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/journalamerican43socigoog#page/n85/mode/2up Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480088 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1656830|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2i v. 5-6}}.<br>
 
*John J. McCoy, "The Irish Element in the Second Massachusetts Volunteers in the Recent War (with Spain)" in ''The Journal of the American Irish Historical Society'', 2 [1899]: 85-88.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/journalamerican00obrgoog#page/n98/mode/2up Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480088 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1656828|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2i v. 1-2}}.<br>
 
*Patty Barthell Myers, ''Female Index to Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England by James Savage'' (Baltimore, 2008), 344 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/191091717 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1462457|item|disp=FHL book 974 D2s index}}.<br>
 
*New England Historic Genealogical Society, ''English Origins of New England Families from the New England Historical and Genealogical Register'' - First Series (Baltimore, 1984), 3v. Second Series (Baltimore, 1985), 3v.<br>FIRST series: Digital version at Ancestry ($) ([http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48555 v. 1], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48085 v. 2], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48086 v. 3])<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10618143 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|323303|item|disp=FHL book 974 D2e}}.<br>SECOND series: Digital version at Ancestry ($) ([http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48556 v. 1], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48087 v. 2], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48088 v. 3])<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11690506 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|164748|item|disp=FHL book 974 D2en}}.<br>
 
*Michael Joseph O'Brien, "Some Traces of Irish Settlers in the Colony of Massachusetts Bay" in ''The Journal of the American Irish Historical Society'', 18 [1919]: 145-162.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/journalamerican94socigoog#page/n154/mode/2up Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480088 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|988453|item|disp=FHL CD-ROM no. 327}} (no hard copy).<br>
 
*Eben Putnam, "Two Early Passenger Lists, 1635-1637" in ''The New England Historical and Genealogical Register'', 75 [1921]: [http://books.google.com/books?id=88sUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA217 217-226] or on [http://www.americanancestors.org/PageDetail.aspx?recordId=236683069 American Ancestors] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7030049 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|127567|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2ne}}.<br>
 
*Melinde Lutz Sanborn, ''Third Supplement to Torrey's New England Marriages Prior to 1700'' (Baltimore, 2003), xviii, 379 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49372 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/54931461 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1137216|item|disp=FHL book 974 V2t supp. 3}}.<br>
 
*James Savage, ''A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England'' (Boston, 1860-1862; rep. Baltimore, 1965+), 4v.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/genealogicaldic01savarich v. 1], [http://archive.org/details/genealogicaldic02savarich v. 2], [http://archive.org/details/genealogicaldic03savarich v. 3], [http://archive.org/details/genealogicaldic04savarich v. 4]), Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=HWEblLuls8kC v. 1], [http://books.google.com/books?id=PDkPAAAAYAAJ v. 2], [http://books.google.com/books?id=5yeOnSfbehcC v. 3], [http://books.google.com/books?id=lZqoaqjEpWsC v. 4]), and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3124 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/679086 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1st ed.); [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AA%20%2Btitle%3AGenealogical%20%2Btitle%3ADictionary%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3Athe%20%2Btitle%3AFirst%20%2Btitle%3ASettlers%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3ANew%20%2Btitle%3AEngland FHL book 974 D2s] (many editions and formats).<br>
 
*Kenneth Scott, ''British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812'' (Baltimore, 1979), vii, 420 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49091].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5711802 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|78653|item|disp=FHL book 973 W4s}}.<br>
 
*George Sherwood, ''American Colonists in English Records: A Guide to direct references in authentic records, Passenger Lists not in "Hotten," &amp;c., &amp;c., &amp;c.'' (London, 1932-1933; rep. Baltimore, 1961+), 2v., 215 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48495 Ancestry] ($) (1969 ed.).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6556098 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1961 ed.); {{FHL|629139|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2k}} (1982 ed.).<br>
 
*Michael Tepper, ''Passengers to America: A Consolidation of Ship Passenger Lists from the "New England Historical and Genealogical Register" ''(Baltimore, 1977+), xii, 554 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48605 Ancestry] ($) (1980 ed.)<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3205345 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|287914|item|disp=FHL book 973 W3t}}.<br>
 
*Mrs. Nathaniel Thayer, "The Immigrants (1830-1929)" in Albert Bushnell Hart, ''Commonwealth History of Massachusetts'' (New York, 1927-1930), 4: 142–171.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1543273 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|656150|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 H2ha}}.<br>
 
*Clarence Almon Torrey, ''New England Marriages Prior to 1700'' (Baltimore, 1985+), xvi, 1009 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3824 Ancestry] ($) (2004 ed.)<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11838492 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|146171|item|disp=FHL book 974 V2t}}.<br>Based on original manuscript at the New England Historic Genealogical Society (no catalog record for original), microfilm of manuscript at NEHGS, 12v. on 7 reels, [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/57267744 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] and {{FHL|290345|item|disp=FHL film 929494-929500}}.<br>Transcript on CD (Boston, 2001), 1 Disc, Not on WorldCat; {{FHL|1022869|item|disp=FHL CD-ROM no. 1261}}, or [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=0344&Da=289 American Ancestors] ($) (database).<br>New edition with bibliographic references and index (Boston, 2011), 3v., [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/712802027 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1918903|item|disp=FHL book 974 V2tc}}.<br>
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]]</center>
 
=== Newspapers  ===
 
 
 
Newspapers were first published in Massachusetts in 1690. The Commonwealth has a rich history documented within these pages. Most all libraries have copies of their local newspapers and research / university libraries include more. There are two libraries whose collection rivals all others:
 
 
 
*American Antiquarian Society, Worcester (see details below under [[#Libraries_and_Societies|Libraries]]), collects all things in print before 1876. They hold the largest single collection of [http://www.americanantiquarian.org/newspapers.htm original newspapers] in the country.<br>
 
*Boston Public Library, Boston (see details below under [[#Libraries_and_Societies|Libraries]]), is the repository for Massachusetts part of the national effort to microfilm all known existing copies of newspapers called the [http://www.bpl.org/research/newspapers/ Massachusetts Newspaper Program]. For their holdings, see the [http://www.bpl.org/research/microtext/news.htm online guide] for newspapers.<br>
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
 
== Massachusetts Repositories  ==
 
 
 
=== Archives  ===
 
 
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
! width="125" scope="col" | Location
 
! width="250" scope="col" | Archive
 
! width="500" scope="col" | Description
 
|-
 
| Boston
 
| <center>Massachusetts Archives<br>220 Morrissey Blvd.<br>Boston MA 02125<br>617-727-2816<br>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colidx.htm website]</center>
 
| The Archives holds the official records created by all parts of state government from 1629 to the present. The earliest material is found in the [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colmac.htm Massachusetts Archives Collection]. Common resources for genealogists and historians detailed in their [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcgen/genidx.htm online guide] are state vital records (starting in 1841), passenger lists, census, military records, the [[Suffolk County, Massachusetts#Suffolk_Files|Suffolk Files]], naturalizations, divorces, probate, name changes, adoptions, [[Suffolk County, Massachusetts#Land_Records_and_Atlases|Suffolk Deeds]], and many other records.<br>{{anchor|mac}}-----<br>The Massachusetts Archives Collection contains 328 volumes about early Massachusetts history (1629-1799). It is also called the Felt Collection. Rev. Joseph Felt organized most of the collection in the 1830s; the last third was added in the late nineteenth century. Most of the collection is available on microfilm.<br>
 
*Volumes 1-239 on {{FHL|1055547|item|disp=FHL film 2294195 (1st of 184)}}.<br>
 
*Volumes 240-328 on {{FHL|1050952|item|disp=FHL film 2318834 (1st of 74)}}.<br>
 
  
Several finding aids are available to help locate records of interest.<br>
 
 
*Search the Archive's [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcsrch/RevolutionarySearchContects.html online index]. Only 18 of the 328 volumes are indexed.<br>
 
*View an online list of [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colvol1.htm volumes 1-99].<br>
 
*View an online list of [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colvol2.htm volumes 100-199].<br>
 
*View an online list of [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colvol3.htm volumes 200-238].<br>
 
*View the card index on {{FHL|285054|item|disp=FHL film 543878 (1st of 57)}}.<br>
 
*Tables of content and name indexes are available for many of the volumes.<br>
 
 
|-
 
| Boston
 
| <center>Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Archives<br>3 Pemberton Sq.<br>Boston MA 02108<br>617-557-1082<br>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colidx.htm#court website]</center>
 
| The Judicial Archives offices are in downtown Boston, but their holdings are in shared space at the State Archives at 220 Morrissey Blvd., Boston, and several off-site storage facilities. The Archives contains the pre-1860 records of the predecessor courts of the Superior Court (Court of General Sessions of the Peace and Inferior Court of Common Pleas) for 9 counties. Other records in the Judicial Archives include Supreme Judicial Court and Superior Court of Judicature; predominantly pre-1900 probate records of Essex, Middlesex, Suffolk, Plymouth, and Worcester counties; a limited number of County Court records; records of some Justices of the Peace, naturalization records and records of a small number of special courts. Probate, naturalization and divorce records are especially useful for those doing genealogical research.
 
|-
 
| Waltham
 
| <center>National Archives and Records Administration<br>380 Trapelo Rd.<br>Waltham MA 02452<br>866-406-2379<br>[http://www.archives.gov/boston/ website]</center>
 
| This branch of the National Archives serves Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The paper records of this branch are extensive and listed in detail on their [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/index.html online guide to holdings]. The major group researchers use is the [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-001-049.html#21 records of the district and circuit courts]. These courts had jurisdiction over naturalization, bankruptcy, civil (law, equity, and admiralty), and criminal cases. The [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 records of the immigration and naturalization service] (INS) hold the "dexigraph" copies of naturalization declarations, petitions, and other documents dated 1787-1906, from Federal, State, and local courts in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. An accompanying card index covers all six New England States, 1787-1906 (Connecticut courts, 1787-1940). Related material on passenger lists and Canadian border crossings are held here.
 
|-
 
| Worcester
 
| <center>Massachusetts National Guard Museum and Archives<br>44 Salisbury St.<br>Worcester MA 06109<br>508-797-0334<br>[http://states.ng.mil/sites/MA/DevLibrary2/resources/museum/museum.htm website]</center>
 
| This archive was established in 1995 and documents the Massachusetts National Guard organized in 1636 and the archives of the Office of the Adjutant General that includes Massachusetts military records from 1775 to 1940. Researchers should call at least one day in advance for a free appointment.
 
|}
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
 
 
=== Libraries and Societies  ===
 
=== Libraries and Societies  ===
  

Revision as of 19:12, 17 September 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png Massachusetts

This is a genealogical and historical guide to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and its state-level records. You will find help with state vital records, histories, church archives, newspaper collections, genealogical libraries, understanding the court system, military records, and immigration and naturalization records.

Massachusetts History

Brief History

This region of New England was home to many Algonquian-speaking Indians. They had been visited by British and other European countries' fishermen for more than a century before the first permanent European settlement. Not long before this first settlement began, the native population was decimated by a European-borne disease, likely smallpox, that left many of their villages empty. The Separatist Pilgrims were the first to arrive in 1620 to establish Plymouth Colony at Plymouth. There were several early and later attempts for settlement up the coast into Maine (which would be part of Massachusetts until statehood in 1820). The second permanent settlement was by Puritans who arrived in 1629 to establish the Massachusetts Bay Colony at Salem.

These two colonies coexisted for many years, but geography and politics were on the side of the Massachusetts Bay. The Royal Province of New Hampshire was created in 1680 that separated the District of Maine off from the center of population of the colony now firmly established at Boston. The British colonies developed more independent practices regarding trade, religion, and governance. King Charles II finally rescinded the charter for Massachusetts Bay in 1684. This action was implemented by King James II. The colony continued as it was until Sir Edmund Andros arrived to become the Royal Governor of the newly created Dominion of New England effectively in 1686. This united the colonies of Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth. Soon New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Haven, New York, and New Jersey would be added to the Dominion with the government seated at Boston. Andros quickly moved to take away most liberties colonists enjoyed and thus his rule was extremely unpopular. When King James II was overthrown in late 1688 by William and Mary, colonist at Boston overthrew Andros and his administration there in 1689. For lack of guidance by England, the colonies resumed their previous form of governments through 1691.

The next major geo-political event was the merger of the Massachusetts Bay and the Plymouth Colony into the newly rechartered Royal Province of Massachusetts Bay in 1691 that began its new government under Sir William Phips in 1692. The territory included what is Maine and the Elizabeth, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket Islands (the islands removed from the control of New York). Major border disputes were settled as follows: New Hampshire (1740), Rhode Island (1746 - succeeded towns of Barrington, Bristol, Little Compton, Tiverton, Warren, and the newly created Cumberland to R.I.), Connecticut (1749 - succeeded towns of Enfield, Somers, Suffield, and Woodstock to Conn.), New York (1773 - twenty miles west of the Hudson; 1853 - Boston Corners section of Mount Washington to N.Y.), and Maine (1820 - succeeded as new state in Missouri Compromise).

Historical Data

Border changes
Dates Events
10 Apr. 1606 The Plymouth Company granted between 38°N (near Md.-Va. border) and 45°N (near Me.-N.B. border) which overlapped with the Virginia Company of London below 41°N (near Conn.-N.Y. border). After a failed attempt to colonize at the Popham Colony near present-day Phippsburg, Me., in 1607 (the settlers all left one year later), the patent fell into disuse. The London Company was re-chartered in 1609 for exclusive use up to 41°N.
3 Mar. 1619/20 Petition for a Charter of New England by the Northern Company of Adventurers settling between 40°N and 45°.
3 Nov. 1620 The Plymouth Council for New England granted a royal patent for land between 34°N and 45°N. Plymouth Colony settled at Plymouth in that year, though not initiated by the Council.
1 June 1621 The Pilgrims acquired a new land patent for the settlement they created at Plymouth.
10 Aug. 1622 The Council granted a patent for the Province of Maine to Ferdinando Gorges and John Mason that covered between the Merrimack and Kennebec rivers. The men agreed to split this patent and Mason received the portion south of the Piscataqua River on 17 Nov. 1629 in a grant. This grant was reconfirmed on 3 Feb. 1634/5. Gorges obtained a royal charter for his portion in 1639.
in 1624 The Council established a fishing village at present-day Gloucester financed and governed by the Dorchester Company. The Company withdrew their support at the end of 1625. A few settlers remained and eventually moved further south.
in 1628 The Council created the "New England Company for a Plantation in Massachusetts Bay" (commonly called the Massachusetts Bay Colony) was established at Salem first with the remaining settlers from the Dorchester Company and 100 new settlers. This grant was for the land between the Charles and Merrimack rivers with a buffer of three miles above and below these borders. In 1629, 300 more settlers were sent to Salem. Concerned about the conflict in land claims, this group sought a royal charter for the colony which it received on 18 Mar. 1628/9. The shareholders decided to move the board to the colony (a first in the North American colonies), and the majority of the shareholders bought out those who did not want to emigrate. They elected John Winthrop to be the Governor of the new colony.
13 Jan. 1629/30 The Charter of New Plymouth defined the colony as east of Narragansett Bay and south from the mouth of the Pawtucket River [now Blackstone River] to the mouth of the Cohasset River.
26 June 1630 The Council for New England patented the Province of Lygonia, being southwest of the Sagadahoc River [now Kennebec River] 40 miles long and 40 miles wide.
7 June 1635 The Plymouth Council for New England surrendered its charter to the King. Basically, all land outside of Massachusetts Bay was under the authority of the Crown.
3 Apr. 1639 King Charles I granted the Province of Maine to Ferinando Gorges as a proprietary colony that included the land between the Kennebec and Piscataqua Rivers inland 120 miles plus the islands of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. Thomas Gorges, a distant relative of Ferdinando Gorges, established a government there in 1640, creating counties, and conducting the colony until its annexation by Massachusetts Bay in 1652.
14 June 1641 New Hampshire voluntarily accepted the jurisdiction of Massachusetts Bay since the dissolution of the Council for New England and the death of John Mason.
in Oct. 1641 Thomas Mayhew, father and son, of Watertown purchased the title to Nantucket Island, Martha's Vineyard, and the Elizabeth Islands from Lord Stirling and Ferdinando Gorges. These islands were not part of the Massachusetts Bay.
in 1642 The southern boundary west for Massachusetts Bay was set per the charter of 1629/30 as 3 miles south of the Charles River thus defining the border between it and the colonies of Connecticut and Rhode Island.
27 Aug. 1645 For its participation in the Pequot War (1636-1637), Massachusetts Bay claimed the land between the Thames and Pawcautck Rivers plus Block Island. It tried to secure a patent for this area but was deemed invalid.
in Mar. 1646/7 Lygonia gained the overlapping territory with Maine and reduced Maine to a few settlements.
26 May 1652 Massachusetts Bay interpreted their 1628/9 charter's northern line as 43° 40' 12" North claiming from the Casco Bay in Maine west through central New Hampshire and Vermont to the New York border.
20 Nov. 1652 Using the interpretation above, Massachusetts Bay established Yorkshire County covering the land between the Piscataqua and Kennebec Rivers thus eliminating the Province of Lygonia. This county went into abeyance in Nov. 1664, reinstated as York County on 27 May 1668, eliminated by the creation of the District of Maine on 17 Mar. 1679/80, and reinstated again under the new Massachusetts Bay royal charter of 7 Oct. 1691.
18 Sept. 1658 The Commissioners of the United Colonies of New England settle the border dispute over the Pequot Country settling the border between Connecticut and Massachusetts Bay as the Mystic River, thus leaving Massachusetts Bay with a claim to land between the Mystic and Pawcatuck Rivers. Massachusetts Bay gave up its claim to this land and also Block Island on 19 Oct. 1664.
23 Apr. 1662 King Charles II grant a charter to Connecticut that gave its eastern border as the Narragansett Bay, eliminating the claim by Massachusetts Bay and overlapping with Rhode Island's patent.
7 May 1662 Massachusetts Bay created Hampshire County out of unregulated area being roughly the center of present-day Worcester County west to the New York border, being all territory within 30 miles of the settlements of Springfield, Northampton, and Hadley.
8 July 1663 King Charles II granted Rhode Island a new charter that moved present-day Cumberland, R.I., out of Massachusetts Bay and some eastern lands out of New Plymouth, but these lines seemed not enforced. New Plymouth protested the infringement of its patent. A royal commission set this boundary as the Blackstone River and the east side of Narragansett Bay pending a royal decision on 27 Feb. 1664/5. The same commission made the Narragansett Country a separate entity ending Connecticut's claim, but having Rhode Island govern the area on 8 Apr. 1665.
12 Mar. 1663/4 King Charles II granted the Duke of York all land between the Delaware and Connecticut Rivers; the islands of Long Island, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket; and the land between the Kennebec and St. Croix Rivers inland to the St. Lawrence River. In the fall of 1664, royal commissioners arbitrated the conflict with this grant and suggested the border between New York and Massachusetts Bay as 20 miles east of the Hudson River. Though never codified, this was the generally accepted border.
23 June 1665 Royal commissioners placed Ferdinando Gorges' land under royal authority.
5 Sept. 1665 New York created Cornwall County covering all the land between the Kennebec and St. Croix Rivers.
19 May 1669 The town of Westfield was laid out extending into "the jog" south of the colony line.
7 Oct. 1673 Massachusetts claimed an area east of the Kennebec River that included the Pemaquid settlement later named this Devonshire County on 27 May 1675, but this county ceased when the war with the Abnaki Indians in that area broke out in Sept. 1675.
3 June 1674 Massachusetts Bay created the town of Suffield that now lies wholly within Connecticut.
15 Mar. 1677/8 Massachusetts Bay purchased the grant made to Ferdinando Gorges from him.
18 Sept. 1679 New Hampshire made a royal colony separate from Massachusetts Bay. Old Norfolk County was dissolved and the towns of Amesbury, Haverhill, and Salisbury added to Essex County of Massachusetts Bay.
16 May 1683 Massachusetts Bay created the town of Enfield that now lies wholly within Connecticut.
1 Nov. 1683 New York created Dukes County that included Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands until a new royal charter gave these islands to Massachusetts Bay on 7 Oct. 1691. The latter created the new Dukes County for Martha's Vineyard and the Elizabeth Islands and Nantucket County for Nantucket on 22 June 1695. On this day, New York also recreated Cornwall County in Maine.
18 June 1684 The High Court of Chancery of England cancelled the Charter of 1629 for Massachusetts Bay. This places Massachusetts Bay and Maine under royal authority, though in practice nothing changed until the governor arrived on 17 May 1686.
17 May 1686
18 Apr. 1689
The Dominion of New England was established as the first royal govern arrived bringing together Massachusetts Bay, Maine, and the Narragansett Country. New Plymouth and the Pemaquid Country was added on 20 Dec. 1686. New York (thus eliminating Cornwall County) and New Jersey were added on 1 Apr. 1687. King James II was overthrown on 18 Apr. 1689 by King William III and Queen Mary II in England and Bostonians imprisoned the royal government and others to end this consolidation in North America. Previously forms of government resumed.
15 Mar. 1689/90 Massachusetts Bay created the town of Woodstock that now lies wholly within Connecticut.
7 Oct. 1691 The new Charter of Massachusetts Bay issued that included land between 40°N and 48°N. - explicitly stating this being all of the former Colony of Massachusetts Bay, territory called New Plymouth, territory called the Province of Maine, and the territory between the Sagadahoc River and Nova Scotia, and specifically excluded the charter to John Mason now in the hands of Samuel Allen of London, merchant (i.e. New Hampshire) and the colonies of Rhode Island, Connecticut, and the Narragansett Country. Also included were the Isles of Cappawock (i.e. The Elizabeth Islands) and Nantucket (which seemingly included Martha's Vineyard).
1 Mar. 1691/2 A royal governor was sent to New Hampshire effectively separating it from Massachusetts Bay, but did not further define its borders beyond the 1679 charter.
22 June 1695 Massachusetts Bay established Dukes County for Martha's Vineyard and the Elizabeth Islands and Nantucket County for Nantucket Island.
20 Sept. 1697 The Treaty of Ryswick ending the King William's War between England and France transferred Acadia to France and separating it from Massachusetts Bay. The formal transfer followed after the Treaty of Utrecht on 15 Apr. 1713 and ended the nominal jurisdiction over Acadia [Nova Scotia].
13 July 1713 Connecticut and Massachusetts Bay accepted a 1702 survey that confirmed the line between them (the current line minus the jogs) and gave Massachusetts Bay jurisdiction over the border towns of Enfield, Suffield, and Woodstock.
26 June 1716 The jurisdiction of York County extended east beyond the Kennebec River to the St. Croix River, though never defining the northern limit.
5 Aug. 1740 King George II settled the border dispute between Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire for the latter being up the Piscataqua and Salmon Falls Rivers due north 120 miles or to the end of the colony and 3 miles north of the Merricmack River to Pautucket Falls [now in Lowell, Mass.], then straight west and these are the borders in effect today.
28 May 1746 King George II decided (and implemented on 17 Feb. 1746/7) the border between Massachusetts Bay and Rhode Island so that Massachusetts Bay lost the Attleborough Gore [present-day Cumberland, R.I.] and a 3-mile strip of land on the east side of Narragansett Bay starting at the head of the bay.
In May 1749 Connecticut annexed the Massachusetts Bay towns of Enfield, Somers [created from Enfield], Suffield, and Woodstock. Note that the line was now straight except for the "Southwick jog" that exists to this day.
7 Oct. 1763 When the new royal province of Quebec was created with its southern border being the watershed between the St. Lawrence River and the Atlantic Ocean, the northern border of Cumberland, Lincoln, and York counties was established.
18 May 1773 Massachusetts Bay and New York agreed that their boundary was a straight line roughly parallel to being 20 miles east of the Hudson River - in accordance with the informal agreement of 1664.
In 1774 Connecticut took over a small part of land of Southwick that extended below the 1713 provincial boundary.
3 Sept. 1783 The Treaty of Paris defined the northern boundary as the watershed between the St. Croix River and the Atlantic Ocean.
24 Nov. 1817 By the Treaty of Ghent, islands in the Passamadquoddy Bay being Moose, Dudley [now Treat], and Frederick [now Dudley] were assigned to the United States and made part of Washington Co., Me.
15 Mar. 1820 Maine was set off as an independent state as part of the Missouri Compromise.
3 Nov. 1826 There was a slight straightening of the border between northeastern Connecticut and Massachusetts.
11 Jan. 1855 Boston Corners, the southwestern corner of Berkshire County, annexed to New York.
1 Mar. 1862 Implementation of the U.S. Supreme Court settlement of the boundary between Bristol County and that of neighboring Rhode Island.
Top of Page

Counties

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts is divided into fourteen counties. It is there that most court and land records are found. The most of the other commonly used records will be at the town level. Use the guide below to link to the county you want:

Barnstable (1685) - Berkshire (1761) - Bristol (1685)
Dukes (1683/1695) - Essex (1643) - Franklin (1811)
Hampden (1812) - Hampshire (1662) - Middlesex (1643)
Nantucket (1695) - Norfolk (1793) - Plymouth (1685)
Suffolk (1643) - Worcester (1731)


Massachusetts was created from two colonies in 1691. So records before that time would be part of:

Massachusetts Bay Colony (1629) - Plymouth Colony (1620)


Other extinct jurisdictions:

  • Old Norfolk, 1643-1680, which was all that north of the Merrimack River and south of the Piscataqua River being then the settled part of what became the royal province of New Hampshire in 1680 (except for roughly two to three miles above the Merrimack River).
  • Dominion of New England, 1686-1689, a brief consolidation of several British Colonies into one that was very unpopular and it collapsed.
  • Maine, records for this region called the District of Maine with counties of its own will all be found under Maine. Only high court and legislative records will be found under their Massachusetts headings.

Non-town names:

This is a list of archaic community, district, neighborhood section, and village names in Massachusetts that will not have a page on this wiki but are important to know their location.

Histories and Genealogies

This is a lengthy and detailed list of books and articles relating to general topics for Massachusetts. The focus was on books published before 1995, so newer books are welcome additions to this list. The bibliography is divided into several topical groups plus a general section.

Quick Links to Massachusetts Bibliography
Records Guides General


Records
Top of Page || Top of Histories and Genealogies


Guides
Top of Page || Top of Histories and Genealogies


General
Top of Page || Top of Histories and Genealogies


Massachusetts Genealogy Records

Vital Records

The original vital record resides in the town or city where the event occurred (in colonial times, a family group of birth can include events from other towns). The recording of these records was ordered by the government as early as 1639, though not all places followed the law. Both Massachusetts Bay Colony and Plymouth Colony started to collect these records in a central location, but the practice died out by the mid-17th Century. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts was the first state to create a permanent, statewide recording system starting in 1841. It is notable that the city of Boston lagged behind in reporting to the state and its records do not show up in the state system until a tougher regulation was implemented in 1850 (though the city did record these records locally). The only vital records closed to the public are the original births of amended records and those can be opened by a judge.

The original record still is found with the clerk of the town or city. All these records back to the earliest settlement of a town can always be viewed at the town or city clerk’s office. Most all town and city vital records have been microfilmed by the Family History Library and microfiched by the Holbrook Research Institute of Oxford, Mass. [now Archive Publishing of Provo, Utah]. This tends to be the most complete record of the event. Since 1841, there should be a second copy with the state and sometimes has abbreviated information from the original. This second copy is the most widely available source for researchers. It has been preserved by the same two vendors listed above and can be found on online in a variety of places and forms as listed below.

Quick Links to Vital Records
Pre-1850 Pre-1850 (online)
1841-1920 1921-present
Divorce Records Adoption Records
Bibliography
Top of Page || Top of VRs

Pre-1850

Before 1900, a few towns started publishing their own vital records in book form. The records were usually re-arranged into alphabetical order but separated by births, marriages, and deaths. Church and private records were added to get a more complete record and were clearly noted. The Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants published a few of these volumes along with the Systematic History Fund (a state fund); Essex Institute in Salem; Topsfield Historical Society, and others. The greatest number were published by the New England Historic Genealogical Society in Boston, in part from their Eddy Town-Record Fund. About two-thirds of the state (roughly 236 towns) has been published from the original town records and a few still are being released today. To learn more about this state publication project, see the article on The Publication of Vital Records of Massachusetts Towns written in 1919. Check the Mass. Town Pre-1850 Published Vital Records Guide for a listing of the towns published up to 2011. There are links to some online versions below. A search in Google will reveal many town / region specific sites that have reproduced the volumes online or pdf versions available for downloading.

Pre-1850 Online

AmericanAncestors.org ($)

Ancestry.com ($)

fold3.com ($)

Free online versions

  • The Early Vital Records of Massachusetts website transcribes each page and links it to an image of original of the original page. As of May 2013, Plymouth County was only partially done and Suffolk County had not been started. The rest of the towns across the state were there. Click on the Town tab to get a list of towns by county.
  • Frederic William Bailey, comp., Early Massachusetts Marriages Prior to 1800 (New Haven, Conn., 1897-1914, in 7v.; rep. Baltimore, 1968+).
    Digital version for Vol. 1 (Worcester Co.) only at Internet Archive or Google Books.
    Berkshire Genealogist Indexing Committee, Master Index to Early Massachusetts Marriages (Pittsfield, Mass., 1996), 131 leaves, is a single, full-name index to the series of seven volumes.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
Top of Page || Top of VRs

1841 - 1920

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts was the first state to create statewide vital records in the modern sense starting in 1841. It is notable that the city of Boston lagged behind reporting to the state and its records do not show up at the state until about 1850 (though the city maintained its own records before then). The original state records are held by:

Massachusetts Archives
220 Morrissey Blvd.
Boston MA 02125
Phone 617-727-2816
Email archives@sec.state.ma.us
Hours and Directions

Visitors can make their own copies from the microfilmed copies or request certified copies per their rules. The archives only has the amended records up to v. 42 (1900). They have an online index to the records for 1841 to 1910 that is searchable for first name, last name, town, start year, end year, and type of record. Note that this is exact spelling searches only. Records can be ordered by email. No more than five requests per order and they are billed with your photocopies.

These records can be viewed online in two locations:

New England Historic Genealogical Society
99 - 101 Newbury Street
Boston MA 02116
Phone 888-296-3447

The NEHGS has two online databases at their American Ancestors website for 1841 to 1910 and 1911 to 1915. You must be a member of the Society to access these indexes and the actual records which are linked from this index. The records are searchable in the same manner as the Mass. Archives above, though the last name can be searched by Soundex. If you go to the library, there are book indexes in five-year blocks for births, 1900-1950, marriages, 1900-1955, 1966-1970, and deaths, 1900-1980. They also have the amended birth records indexes for to 1929 (1 v.) [going back to 1841], to 1944 (2 v.), to 1962 (3 v.), to 1965 (1 v.), and to 1968 (1 v.). These indexes beyond 1920 are not generally available elsewhere.

Family History Library
35 North West Temple Street
Salt Lake City UT 84150
Phone 866-406-1830

This library and its many branches (where you can borrow the microfilm for a small fee) will have all the same records as listed above. You can access online for free:

fold3.com ($)

This site has the statewide vital records index, 1841-1895 that is searchable, but also browsable in its original form: separate birth, marriage, and death with separate indexes for each five-year period.

Ancestry has the following Massachusetts Vital Record Indexes:

Top of Page || Top of VRs

1921 - present

The original state records are held by:

Registry of Vital Records and Statistics
150 Mount Vernon St., 1st Floor
Dorchester MA 02125
Phone 617-740-2600
Email vital.recordsrequest@state.ma.us
They have limited research hours

This office only makes certified copies of vital records. There are several ways to purchases copies both online and in person. This office also has the amended birth records after v. 42 (1900) and a statewide index to divorces from 1952 to the present (though the record itself will be with the probate court). There is a computerized index for the most recent records and five-year block indexes for births, marriages, and deaths onsite.

Every five years, another block of five years is transferred to the State Archives and at the same time is made available through the New England Historic Genealogical Society and to the Family History Library. This office restricts access only by the fact that they are the only ones with the records. These records are open to the public. The original town copies are always open to the public.

Ancestry has the following Massachusetts Vital Record Indexes:

Top of Page || Top of VRs

Divorce Records

Divorce records have been handled by the probate court system since 1922 and commonly filed where the couple last lived together. These are public records (with minor exceptions). There is a statewide index that starts in 1952 at the Registry listed above. Before that, the county Superior Court had jurisdiction. From 1786 to 1887, all cases were administered through the Supreme Judicial Court. All these records are held at the Judicial Archives in the Mass. Archives facility. The earliest divorce records are scattered through a variety of courts who held joint jurisdiction.

The Supreme Judicial Court created a fact sheet for the public in 2004 and the summary of it is below:

Dates Description
1639-1692 Divorce petitions were filed in a variety of courts, including the county courts, the General Court, and the Court of Assistants. Records of the General Court and the Court of Assistants have been published. The Original records are available in the Suffolk Files Collection, the Massachusetts Archives Collection, and in the county courts.
1692-1775 Divorces were heard by the Governor and Council (from 1755 to 1757, six petitions were heard by the General Court). The original records are found in the Massachusetts Archives Collection, Suffolk Files Collection, and the county courts.
1775-1785 The Council had jurisdiction then. Search for them in the Massachusetts Archives Collection and the Council records.
1785-1796 The Massachusetts Acts and Resolves granted jurisdiction over divorce to the Supreme Judicial Court (SJC). These original records are in the Suffolk Files Collection. Check the microfilm "county index" in the Archives reading room. They will refer to various SJC Record Books. See the chart below for these record books.
1796-1887 The divorce will be in the Supreme Judicial Court in the county in which the couple was residing. Most of the Record Books are indexed (see location chart below). These records will have a summary of the grounds for divorce, date and place of marriage, where the couple lived until the divorce, and sometimes the names and ages of the children. The file papers are generally in the year and term that the divorce was finalized (i.e. six months after it was granted) and arranged by docket (case) number. Post 1860 file papers are in off-site storage. See the Judicial Archivist for information to see these records.
1887 Jurisdiction over divorces was moved to the Superior Court. These records are indexed chronologically in separate divorce docket books. The Judicial Archives (in the same building with the Mass. Archives) has divorce indexes and/or docket books on microfilm in the Archives reading room for all counties except for Barnstable, Dukes, and Nantucket counties. Those are in their respective Superior Court.
1922 The Probate and Family Court began hearing divorce concurrently with the Superior, though most came to this court. Each probate court kept alphabetical indexes to these records. There is a statewide index since 1952 at the Registry of Vital Records and Statistics (listed above).

For the location of the records, use the chart below that was created by the Supreme Judicial Court Archives in 2004:

Location of Massachusetts Divorce Records
County Supreme Judicial Court SJC Microfilm Superior Court SC Microfilm
Barnstable All records in courthouse n/a n/a n/a
Berkshire SJC Record Books in the Judicial Archives and microfilm available at the Berkshire Athenaeum in Pittsfield n/a SC records and index card file in Judicial Archives 1888-1927 in Archives Reading Room
Bristol SJC Record Books in the Judicial Archives 1862-1889 in Archives Reading Room SC Divorce dockets in the Judicial Archives. The file papers in the Superior Court, Taunton Divorce Dockets in Archives Reading Room
Dukes n/a n/a n/a n/a
Essex SJC Record Books in courthouse, Salem, and file papers in off-site storage. A consolidated index, 1785-1904, on microfilm in Archives Reading Room 1797-1820 in Archives Reading Room 1887-1927 SC Divorce indexes in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage.
Probate Court Divorce Index, 1922-1944, in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage
See consolidated index in Archives Reading Room
Franklin SJC Record Books in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage 1872-1887 in Archives Reading Room SC Divorce Record Books in Judicial Archives. The index is at the courthouse in Greenfield. The file papers are in off-site storage In Archives Reading Room
Hampden SJC Record Books in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage SJC Divorce Index in Archives Reading Room SC Divorce Dockets and file papers in off-site storage Divorce Index in Archives Reading Room
Hampshire SJC Record Books and file papers in Judicial Archives n/a SC Divorce Record Books in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage n/a
Middlesex SJC Record Books in Judicial Archives 1807-1887 in Archives Reading Room SC Divorce Dockets in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage 1887-1938 in Archives Reading Room
Nantucket All records in courthouse n/a n/a n/a
Norfolk SJC Record Books in Judicial Archives n/a SC Divorce Dockets in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage n/a
Plymouth SJC Record Books in Judicial Archives 1813-1889 in Archives Reading Room SC Dockets and index in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage Dockets and index in Archives Reading Room
Suffolk SJC Record Books and file papers in Judicial Archives 1760-1786 in Archives Reading Room and 1786-1804 in Suffolk Files Collection SC Divorce Record Books and index in Superior Court Civil Clerk's office and file papers in off-site storage 1887-1916 in Archives Reading Room
Worcester SJC Record Books in Judicial Archives 1797-1887 in Archives Reading Room SC Divorce Dockets (1887-1890 vol. missing) and index in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage 1887-1936 Docket Books and index in Archives Reading Room
Top of Page || Top of VRs

Adoption Records

Like most all states, Massachusetts seals the records of adoption that include the original birth certificate with the biological parents. These records stay sealed unless opened by court order. Who can see this sealed information is limited by law. There is no way a person can know they are adopted without being told by someone. There are several registries online set up to assist adoptees and biological parents help find each other. To order your pre-adoption birth certificate, download the instructions and form.

To learn more about the history of adoption in Massachusetts, see Joseph Ben-Or, "The Law of Adoption in the United States: Its Massachusetts Origins and the Statute of 1851" in The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 130 [1976]: 259-269, and online at American Ancestors ($).

Top of Page || Top of VRs

Bibliography
  • John Ballard Blake, "The Early History of Vital Statistics in Massachusetts" in Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 29 [1955]: 46-68.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Charles Cowley, "Judicial Falsifications of History" in the New England Magazine and Bay State Montly, May 1886.
    Digital version at New England Magazine.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • David Cressy, "The Seasonality of Marriage in Old and New England" in Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 16 [1985]: 1-21.
    Digital version at Jstor ($).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Historical Records Survey - Massachusetts, Guide to the Public Vital Records in Massachusetts (Boston, 1942), 342 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 A3hr (Los Angeles and Logan only).
  • Robert Rene Kuczynski, "The Registration Laws in the Colonies of Massachusetts Bay and New Plymouth" in American Statistical Association Publications, 7 [1900-1901]: 65-73.
    Digital version at Jstor (free).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Chester F. Sanger, "The Divorce Legislation of Massachusetts" in Bay State Monthly, 3 [1885]: 27-32.
    Digital version at Bookmate, page 68 of this file, or as a text file at Gutenberg, search text for title.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
Thanks to the Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants for their contributions to this page
Top of Page || Top of VRs

Land Records

The earliest settlers in this region were issued patents or charters directly or through various types of companies established for settlement and/or trade. See the Historical Data table to identify these early documents. Once the two major colonies were settled (i.e. Plymouth Colony and Massachusetts Bay Colony), land was distributed by their colonial governments through grants. Massachusetts Bay Colony established a county system in 1643 and land was recorded in the county deeds from then on. Plymouth Colony used a centralized system and recorded these deeds colony-wide from 1620 to 1685 until it finally established a county system in 1685. The land records for the area now called Maine were always kept separately first entirely as was later was called York County. For each of these areas, land was granted for many years after the initial settlement as the colony expanded into uncharted territory given to it under the various patents and charters. All subsequent sales were recorded by the county. Though the vast majority of land transactions were recorded, it was not a requirement that this be done. It was in the best interest of the owner to do so, and legal advantages were given to such recordings. To search for land records, see the guide for the county of interest and use the resources found there.

For counties with online records, the "recorded land" is what is microfilmed and constitutes the majority of the records. There are "registered land" deeds that go through land court. These are deeds are court approved as having clear title (i.e. no encumbrances). It you do not find anything in the first section, always search registered land for deeds since 1899.

Court System

Understanding the Massachusetts Court System

This is the history of the court system. It is broken up into historical periods and then a discussion of special courts, records, legal definitions, and bibliography. Realize that except for the upper courts, all records and actions were on the county level. To find detailed information regarding a particular county's courts, see that county page from the links provided above.

Quick Links to court history
Plymouth Colony Massachusetts Bay Dominion of New England
Provincial Period Commonwealth Period Lower/Trial Courts
Special Courts
Admiralty Court Coroners Court Boston Municipal
Probate Court Land Court Juvenile Court
Housing Court
Records Legal Age Bibliography

Colonial Period (1620-1686) – Plymouth Colony

The Peirce Patent was a charter from the Virginia Company issued to the Merchant Adventurers in 1620 for the settlement of the Pilgrims in the northerly part of the Virginia territory. This patent was never in use because the Pilgrims settled outside this territory. Thus, the adult male passengers created the document they called a “combination” and now called the “Mayflower Compact” to give a governance structure to the Plymouth settlement. The Second Peirce Patent was issued in 1621 from the Council for New England for the area they settled. The Bradford Patent of 1629 (of “purchasers”) gave the settlers legal status as residents, but did not create a basis for laws as royal charters would did for other colonies.

Though having no legal authority to do so, but in the best interest of the settlers, the “combination” was an agreement of the adult males of the settlement to establish a “civil body politic” and make just laws, acts, etc. for the general good of the colony. From this single act, the group elected a governor and several assistants to govern them (though we do not have knowledge of how that was decided). On 17 December 1623 (but recorded in 1627), the first order of the Court was that all criminal acts, matters of trespass, and debts between men would be tried by a jury of twelve honest men. Historians have determined that they cobbled together Common Law and filled it in with Mosaic Law. The laws were first codified in 1636 and revised in 1658, 1672, and 1685.

By 1636, the Governor and seven Assistants were elected annually by the freemen of the colony for the term of one year according to the former custom and that constables and other inferior officers also were chosen. The Governor, Board of Assistants (being seven freemen of the colony), and the freemen of the colony met quarterly as the General Court (1623-1692). They functioned as the legislature and court. They heard capital cases of treason, rebellion, willful murder, conversing with the devil by way of witchcraft, burning of ships or houses, sodomy, rapes, and buggery. The Magistrate Court (1623?-1692) heard cases of fornication, swearing, lying, stealing, embezzling, drunkenness, gaming, lascivious carriage, burning fences, defacing boundary markers, using tobacco, setting fires in the woods, forgery, stealing public records, denying the Scriptures as the rule of life, being absent from church, and keeping the Sabbath. The Court of Assistants (1623-1692) was the meeting of the Governor and at least two Assistants and handled all cases under £40 penalty.

County Courts (1685-1692) were established when the counties were created following the model of Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Top of Page || Top of Courts

Colonial Period (1629-1686) – Massachusetts Bay

The Charter of 1629 issued by the King established the General Court (1629-1692) that met quarterly to make, ordain, and establish all manner of wholesome and reasonable orders, laws, statutes, and ordinances, directions, and instructions not contrary to the laws of England and to settle the forms and ceremonies of government and magistracy fit and necessary so that the people may be religiously, peaceably, and civilly governed. All the freemen met and acted as the General Court. The court chose annually the governor, deputy government, and eighteen assistants who acted as the Court of Assistants (1630-1692) when the General Court was not in session and with its full authority to correct, punish, pardon, govern, and rule. Members of the Assistants were given the powers of Justices of the Peace and called Magistrates. These magistrates could hear civil suits under than 20 shilling (increased to 40 shillings in 1647) and handle misdemeanors such of profanity or drunkenness in their own towns.

The Inferior Quarter Courts were established in 1639 as a circuit county court composed of the county magistrates where the court was sitting with a jury in Ipswich, Salem, Cambridge (Newtown), and Boston. This court took over all the cases of the Court of Assistants except those with damages over £10, divorce, and cases of life, member, and banishment. These courts were renamed County Court (1636-1692).

This three-tiered system was in place throughout the colonial period. It focused on the magistrates who controlled the legal affairs. When they sat alone in their town, they handled all the minor cases for the town. The more serious cases rose to the level where all the magistrates of the county sat together with a jury to decide the cases. The most serious issues were handled the eighteen magistrates assembled together (called the “Assistants”) with the Governor and Deputy Governor, or with the freemen of the colony, to pass judgment on the major cases of the day.

Top of Page || Top of Courts

Dominion of New England (1686-1689)

The charter of Massachusetts Bay was revoked in 1684 by King Charles II who tried to reign in this theocratically ruled colony while also streamlining the administration of several other nearby colonies. Initially, the Dominion comprised Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth Colony, Province of New Hampshire, Province of Maine, and the Narragansett Country of present-day Washington Co., R.I. Formal change did not occur until 1686 with the arrival of Joseph Dudley in Boston and the assent of King James II. Dudley added the colonies of Connecticut and Rhode Island before Edmund Andros arrived at the end of the year. Andros attempted to design Dominion laws to more closely mirror those in England. By 1688, Andros added the provinces of New York, East Jersey, and West Jersey to the Dominion though governance of these areas was weak because the distance from the seat at Boston was too great even with a satellite office in New York City. King James II was overthrown in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. This news traveled back to Boston where the local mob jailed Andros in April of 1689 which officially ended the Dominion.

During this period, the General Court was abolished and the Court of Assistants replaced by a Governor and Council (1686-1689) appointed by the Crown. A Superior Court of Judicature (1686-1689) was established as the highest authority. The County Court was split between the Court of Common Pleas for civil cases and the Court of General Sessions for criminal cases. Magistrates were replaced by Justices of the Peace with the same powers. All this ended in April of 1689 and the former colonies and provinces returned to their former structure until new royal charters were issued in 1692.

Top of Page || Top of Courts

Provincial Period (1692-1780)

In 1692, the General Court was restored as the legislative body with jurisdiction over all of Massachusetts Bay Colony (that comprised present-day Massachusetts and Maine). The province maintained the three-tiered court system. It immediately established the Governor and Council (1692-1780) that had authority over divorce and probate appeals. The Superior Court of Judicature (1692-1780) was the highest appellate (i.e. appeals court) and the trial court for capital criminal cases, civil cases over £10, and some equity matters. It was a circuit court moving between counties with a grand jury and at times two trial juries.

The county Court of General Sessions (1692-1827) heard all criminal cases before a bench of justices of the peace. They also had authority over county affairs (levying taxes, highways, licenses for liquor, jails, and administration of poor laws). Its partner, the Inferior Court of Common Pleas (1692-1859), heard the civil cases of the county. These courts met quarterly and handled no cases under £40 unless it was on appeal from the lower court. The lowest court was the Justice of the Peace (1687-present) and these justices were appointed by the governor. The justices heard criminal cases (drunkenness, rioting, and violations of Sabbath) and civil cases under £40. This court sat in the justice’s house where he kept the minutes and collected the fines. Defendants appeared by summons via the county sheriff or town constable.

Note that though there were interruptions on the courts sitting in Boston in 1775 and 1776, the court’s jurisdiction and process remained unchanged.

Top of Page || Top of Courts

Commonwealth Period (1780-present)
MA Supreme Judicial Court and Appeals Court.jpg
The Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 created a separation of powers and allowed that the other branches may require an opinion from the Supreme Judicial Court on questions of law. This was one of the few instances where advisory jurisdiction was given in the country and is found nowhere at the federal level. The highest courts from other states needing to rule on a Massachusetts state law that had not been previous rendered could send the question to the court for their ruling. Judges for the Supreme Judicial Court were allowed to hold their office as long as they “behaved themselves” and all current appointments prior to the Constitution were continued thus keeping the legal authority of this court from its establishment as the Superior Court of Judicature in 1692, but renaming it as the Supreme Judicial Court (1780-present). Its jurisdiction was codified in 1782 as taking cases by appeal, writ of error, capital offenses, and “every Crime whatsoever that is against the public good” [St.1782, c.9].

Divorce was moved from under the Governor and Council to the Supreme Judicial Court in 1785 [St.1785, c.69]. The court continued as a circuit court, sitting in various counties by mandate of the legislature. To this point, all records were recorded and maintained by the clerk in Boston (Suffolk County). Starting in 1797, the records were recorded in the county the court sat by the clerk of that county’s Court of Common Pleas (being made a clerk of the Supreme Judicial Court for that county when the court was in session there). The exception to that rule was that Suffolk County recorded the sessions held in Nantucket County; Barnstable County recorded the sessions held in Dukes County; and Lincoln County recorded the sessions for Lincoln, Hancock, and Washington counties. [St.1796, c.95]

There were two sessions of the court. One heard capital offenses, appeals from probate, and all issues in law that were tried by three or more judges (the number of judges varied over the years between four and seven) and the other heard all other actions (i.e. cases not being appealed by a lower court) and was tried by a single judge that was subject to review by the whole court. This was also the year that the Reports of Supreme Judicial Court started publishing annually [St.1804, c.105]. This practice of taking actions not on appeal was called nisi prius (Latin for “unless first”), meaning it became the court of original jurisdiction. A second trial on the facts on appeal to this court was abolished in 1817. The legislature clarified the jurisdiction between the Supreme Judicial Court and the then statewide Court of Common Pleas in 1840 [St.1840, c.87] that remained in effect until the reorganization of the court system in 1859.

The changes in 1859 did not affect this court as the streamlining generally reshaped the lower courts. Over time, the Supreme Judicial Court’s focus was narrowed (see Menand’s book, pages 39 to 41, cited in the references). Divorce was removed to a lower court in 1887 [St.1887, c.332]. An Appeals Court (1972-present) was added with the Supreme Judicial Court to help with the backlog of cases and covers all the state, but normally sits in Boston [St.1972, c.740]. The Supreme Judicial Court is the superintendent over all inferior courts and maintains full authority over all court records.
Top of Page || Top of Courts

Lower Courts (i.e. Trial Courts)
MA Superior Court.jpg
The middle tier courts continued to function as before the Constitution. Specific jurisdictions shifted back and forth between the two middle-tier courts. Boston and Suffolk County developed a separate court system in this tier. In 1799, the Municipal Court of the Town of Boston (1799-1859) had been given authority over all criminal cases in Boston [St.1799, c.81] and renamed the Municipal Court of the City of Boston in 1822 [St.1822, c.13]. The Boston Court of Common Pleas (1813-1820) was created to handle all civil case that would have gone to the Suffolk County Court of Common Pleas in 1813 [St.1813, c.173]. After Maine separated from the Commonwealth in 1820, the Circuit Court of Common Pleas and the Boston Court of Common Pleas was replaced by a Court of Common Pleas for the Commonwealth (1820-1859) that heard both civil and criminal cases [St.1820, c.79]. The Court of General Sessions was phased out and by 1827 ceased to exist in all counties. A Superior Court for Suffolk County (1855-1859) was established in 1855 to handle all civil cases in that county [St.1855, c.449].

This entire system was reorganized in 1859 and born out of this was the new Superior Court (1859-present) that combined the powers of all the previous courts into one. The court sat four, instead of two, times to accommodate both the criminal and civil case load. There were tweaks to this system along the way. The major changes were bringing general equity jurisdiction to the court in 1883 [St.1883, c.223], having Middlesex and Suffolk counties keep a separate docket for this in 1892 [St.1892, c.439 – though changed with uniform civil procedures in 1974], and the court having exclusive original jurisdiction over capital crimes in 1891 [St.1891, c.379]. See Menand’s book, pages 53 to 57, for further details on jurisdiction changes and description of the Appellate Division (1943-present) and the court reorganization in 1978.

The lowest court as discussed above was the Justice of the Peace. The powers established in 1687 were continually eroded away and now they only have the authority to perform marriages, acknowledgements (i.e. notary), administer certain oaths, take depositions, and call meetings of various proprietor groups and corporations. These were technically court records though the justice sat in their own dwelling, the records often passed off as personal papers that are commonly found in historical societies and university libraries. The Boston Police Court (1821-1866) was established as the first police court in the Commonwealth with the authority of the Court of Commons Pleas for the Commonwealth in Suffolk County [St.1821, c.79 and St.1822, c.109]. More such police courts were created starting in 1831 with separate parameters for each of them. In every instance, the police court exclusively assumed most of the powers from the Justice of the Peace. Criminal cases were removed from the justices in 1856 [St.1856, c.138] and civil cases in 1877 [St.1877, c.211].

The court reorganization of 1859 standardized the work and function of the police courts. The District Court concept started in Berkshire County with the District Court of Central Berkshire that had jurisdiction over Pittsfield and seven adjacent towns with the powers of a police court centralized over a larger area [St. 1869, c. 416]. The rest of Berkshire County was divided into two more districts in the following year and this style of the lowest court spread across the Commonwealth. By 1921, the remaining thirteen police courts were renamed and the establishment of the District Court (1921-present) was solidified and uniform across the entire Commonwealth [G.L.1921, c.218]. These courts had jurisdiction over crimes punishable by jail sentences up to five years and some felony crimes up to ten years, and some juvenile matters where Juvenile Courts did not exist. They shared responsibility over probate matters involving children. The court sat for small claims and civil actions where the plaintiff did not wish to have a jury trial. An Appellate Division (1922-present) was added for civil actions.
Top of Page || Top of Courts

Special Courts

The Massachusetts court system has maintained a three-tiered system for most of history. As the case load of special area grew, the Commonwealth created special courts for these cases while preserving the basic structure.

Top of Page || Top of Courts

Admiralty Court

These maritime cases were first heard by the Court of Assistants in Massachusetts Bay Colony. Under the second charter in 1692, this court was pulled out as a separate civil law court with judges appointed by the King and not part of the provincial court system. During the Revolution and after, this court was established in Plymouth, Ipswich, and North Yarmouth. These courts ceased with the adoption of the federal constitution in 1786 and these matters transferred to the new U.S. District Court. The records of these courts are part of the Suffolk Files Collection.

Top of Page || Top of Courts

Coroners Court

Appointed coroners along with a jury made inquests on deaths and reported their findings to the County Court. After the second charter in 1692, the findings were reported to the Court of Assize and the Court of General Sessions.

Top of Page || Top of Courts

Boston Municipal Court (1866-present)

Though basically a district court, it is administered separately [St.1866, c.279]. It is the heir of the Boston Police Court (1821-1866) which met daily for criminal cases and bi-weekly for civil cases. The jurisdiction extends over all of Suffolk County for certain cases (see Menand’s book, pages 71 to 73, cited in the references). An Appellate Division was created in 1912 [St.1912, c.649]. With the court reorganization of 1978, it became the Boston Municipal Court Department of the Trial Court [St.1978, c.478].

Top of Page || Top of Courts

Probate Court (1783-present)
MA Probate and Family Court.jpg
This type of court case has always been present and the records reach back unbroken to the settlement of the two colonies, but it was first the County Court and then the Governor and Council who handled probate cases. The Constitution of 1780 mentioned probate judges, but the legislature codified the scope as the probate of wills, administration of estates, and appointment of guardians for minor and “distracted persons” [St.1783, c.46]. It is a court of equity, not common law, and provides remedies. Because of legislation, the probate courts have added jurisdiction over adoption (1851), divorce (1887/1922), change of name (1854), and domestic relations. Marriage was never based in common law in Massachusetts and was performed by magistrates. As such, it has always been a civil contract. The Royal Charter allowed for marriages to be performed by justices of the peace or by a settled minister in 1692 [P.L.1692-3, c.25], but it remained a contract. All issues relating to marriage are handled by the probate court, such as women’s petitions for separate estates, annulment, and affirmation of marriages. The names of this court have evolved from Probate Court (1783-1858) and that had an Insolvency Court (1856-1858). These two combined to be called the Probate and Insolvency (1858-1978). The court reorganization in 1978 renamed it to Probate and Family Court (1978-present).

Top of Page || Top of Courts

Land Court (1898-present)

The Court of Registration (1898-1900) was legislated to register title of land to deal with real and personal property (generally of deceased persons) while simplifying land transfers [St.1898, c.562]. The name was changed to the Court of Land Registration (1900-1904) and then the present Land Court in 1904. The court normal sits in Boston, but can sit in other locations and covers the entire Commonwealth. The court oversees foreclosures, redemption from tax titles, recovery of freehold estates, petitions to try, and determines the validity of encumbrances and discharges of mortgage. It has authority over interest in real estate and petitions to determine boundaries of flats, county, city, town, or districts, can enforce restrictions, and validate municipal zoning ordinances and bylaws. Appeals from zoning board decisions are handled here.

Top of Page || Top of Courts

Juvenile Court

Children were identified as a special class tracing back to 1641 in Massachusetts Bay Colony. The probate wing of a court first handled children and then these family matters fell under the Probate Court. The first specialized court was the Boston Juvenile Court (1906). Young offenders were to be treated as children in need of aid, not as a criminal. A delinquent child was defined as between seven and seventeen years who violated a town ordinate or committed an offense not punishable by death or life imprisonment. Courts have been since been opened in Springfield (1969), Worcester (1969), and New Bedford (1972). These courts were reorganized in 1978 as the Juvenile Court Department.

Top of Page || Top of Courts

Housing Court

Matters relating to State Sanitary Code, building regulation and inspection, fire precaution, rubbish disposal, landlord and tenant disputes, and any other law concerning health, safety, or welfare of any occupant of any place of human habitation are handled by District Courts. A Boston Housing Court (1971), Hampden County Court (1973), and Worcester Housing Court (1983) [to which Bellingham was added in 1985] were created for these areas. They are now all divisions of the Housing Court Department of the Trial Court.

Top of Page || Top of Courts

Records

The records from the above courts are reviewed on the Massachusetts, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, and appropriate county pages. All records are under the authority and control of the Supreme Judicial Court.

The court records have three general types of records: docket books, record books, and file papers. Docket books for civil actions outline the actions heard by the court in chronological order. Cases are routinely continued to another term of the court. In criminal cases, these books are called minute books. Record books are summaries made at the end of a case about the plaintiff, defendant, the action, damages sought, and the history of the case. The file papers are the original documents submitted to the court. There are rarely more than a few documents in the case before the nineteenth century. All documents provide an insight into the case, but genealogists tend to look for the summaries, depositions from witnesses (to learn more about the witness more than the parties to the case), and warnings out.

Top of Page || Top of Courts

Legal Definition of Age

This series of definitions of the age someone can legally do something comes from Giles Jacob, A New Law-Dictionary (Savoy, 1750):
Man:

12: take an oath of Allegiance to the King.
14: “age of discretion” so that he can consent to marriage and chose a guardian.
16: able to bear arms.[1]
21: may alien his lands, goods, and chattels.
24: can be ordained a priest.
30: can be a bishop.

Woman:

09: is dowable, i.e. able to have / receive a dower.
12: may consent to marriage.
14: “age of discretion” and may chose a guardian.
21: may alien her lands, goods, and chattels.

Person:

14: may dispose of goods and personal estate by will, though not of land until 21. They are generally not punishable for crimes, but must pay damages for trespass. They may be witnesses in any court action or function, and in some ages give evidence by age 9.
21: full age to contract and manage for themselves, and can be executor of a will before this time. They can be a member of Parliament.


A person becomes of age at the end of the day preceding the day of their birth. A minor person may purchase something, but arriving at 21 can disagree to it. Age Prier is an action being brought against a person under age for lands which he has by descent. He may petition the court to stay the action until he is of full age (21) to which a court general agrees, but this does not hold for if the minor is the purchaser of the land.

Top of Page || Top of Courts

Bibliography


Guides | Records | References

Guides:

  • Edmund Hatch Bennett, Russell Gray, and Henry W. Swift, Massachusetts Digest of the reported decisions of the Supreme Judicial Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts ... September, 1804 - December, 1879 (Boston, 1906), 8v.
    No digital version online.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Daniel R. Coquillette, "Law in Colonial Massachusetts, 1630-1800" as Colonial Society of Massachusetts Publications, vol. 62 (Boston, 1984), lxviii, 608 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 P3L.
  • John D. Cushing, comp., A Bibliography of the Laws and Resolves of the Massachusetts Bay, 1642-1780 (Wilmington, Del., 1984), xxiv, 372 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Catherine S. Menand, A Research Guide to the Massachusetts Courts and Their Records (Boston, 1987), 135 pp., 1 microfiche.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 P2m.
  • Michael S. Hindus, et al., The Records of the Massachusetts Superior Court and Its Predecessors: An Inventory and Guide (Boston, 1977), 93 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • William Jeffrey, Early New England Court Records: A Bibliography of Published Materials (Cambridge, Mass., 1954), 27 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL film 234519.
  • Mary Ann Neary, et al., Handbook of Legal Research in Massachusetts (Boston, rev. ed., 2002), 1v. (loose-leaf).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Diane Rapaport, New England Court Records: A Research Guide for Genealogists and Historians (Burlington, Mass., 2006), xv, 470 pp..
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974 P27r.
Top of Page || Top of Courts || Top of Bibliography

Records and inventories:

Top of Page || Top of Courts || Top of Bibliography

References:

  • David Grayson Allen, In English Ways: The Movement of societies and the transferal of English local law and custom to Massachusetts Bay in the Seventeenth Century (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1981), xxi, 312 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 H6a.
  • Thomas E. Atkinson, "The Development of the Massachusetts Probate System" in Michigan Law Review, 42 [1943-1944]: 425-452.
    Digital versions at [www.jstor.org/stable/1283518 Jstor] ($) or HeinOnline ($).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Viola F. Barnes, The Dominion of New England, a study in British Colonial Policy (New Haven, Conn., 1923), viii, 303 pp..
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • Melville Madison Bigelow, "Primogeniture in Massachusetts" in Massachusetts Historical Society Publications, 45 [1911-1912]: 34-35.
    Digital version at Jstor (free).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 C4p v. 45.
  • Barbara Aronstein Black, "The Judicial Power and the General Court in Early Massachusetts (1634-1686)," Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale Univ., 1975, vii, 373 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Frank E. Bradbury, "Laws and Courts of the Massachusetts Bay Colony" in Bostonian Society Publications, 10 [1913]: 129-159.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.461 H25b v. 10.
  • Ellen Elizabeth Brennan, "The Massachusetts Council of the Magistrates" in New England Quarterly, 4 [1931]: 54-93.
    Digital version at Jstor ($).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Virginia G. Cartoof, "Massachusetts' Parental Consent Law: Origins, Implementation and Impact," Ph.D. Dissertation, Brandeis Univ., 1985, 228 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Zechariah Chafee Jr., “Colonial Courts and the Common Law” in David F. Flaherty, ed., Essays in the History of Early American Law (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1969), x, 534 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • Daniel R. Coquillette, ed., Law in Colonial Massachusetts 1630-1800 (Boston, 1984), being v. 62 of the Publications of The Colonial Society of Massachusetts, lxviii, 608 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 P3L.
  • Cornelius Dalton, John Clark Wirkkala, and Anne Thomas, Leading the Way: A History of the Massachusetts General Court, 1629-1980 (Boston, 1985), 489 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • William T. Davis, History of the Judiciary of Massachusetts, including the Plymouth and Massachusetts Colonies, the province of the Massachusetts Bay, and the Commonwealth (Boston, 1900), xxiv, 446 pp.
    Digital versions at Internet Archive and Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 P2d.
  • James Deetz and Patricia Scott Deetz, The Times of Their Lives: Life, Love, and Death in Plymouth Colony (New York, 2000), xvi, 366 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • Alan J. Dimond, The Superior Court of Massachusetts: Its Origin and Development (Boston, 1960), xii, 187 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • James Smith Garland, Massachusetts Town Law; a digest of statutes and decisions concerning towns and town officers ... (Boston, 1908), iv, 226 pp.
    Digital version of 1906 edition at Internet Archive.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Julius Goebel Jr., “King’s Law and Local Custom in Seventeenth Century New England” in David F. Flaherty, ed., Essays in the History of Early American Law (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1969), x, 534 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
    Julius Goebel, "King's Law and Local Custom in Seventeenth-Century New England" [for Plymouth Colony] in the Columbia Law Review, 31 [1931]: 416-448.
    Digital version at Jstor ($).
    .WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • George Lee Haskins, "The Beginning of the Recording System in Massachusetts" [i.e. deeds, morgages, etc.] in Boston University Law Review, 21 [1941]: 281-304.
    Digital version at HeinOnline ($).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • George L. Haskins, Law and Authority in Early Massachusetts: A Study in Tradition and Design (New York, 1960), xvi, 298 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • George L. Haskins, “Reception of the Common Law in Seventeenth Century Massachusetts: A Case Study” in George Althan Billias, ed., Law and Authority in Colonial America (Barre, Mass., 1965), xxi, 208 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • George L. Haskins, “The Legal Heritage of Plymouth Colony” in David F. Flaherty, ed., Essays in the History of Early American Law (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1969), x, 534 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • George L. Haskins, “The Beginnings of Partible Inheritance in the American Colonies” in David F. Flaherty, ed., Essays in the History of Early American Law (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1969), x, 534 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • Hendrik Hartog, “The Public Law of a County Court; Judicial Government in Eighteenth Century Massachusetts” in American Journal of Legal History, 20 [1976]: 282-329.
    Digital version online at Jstor ($).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 973 B2ajL v. 20.
  • Charles Joseph Hilkey, Legal Development in Colonial Massachusetts, 1630-1686 (New York, 1910), 148 pp.
    Digital version at Internet Archive.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Mark de Wolfe Howe and Louis F. Eaton, "The Supreme Judicial Power in the Colony of Massachusetts" in New England Quarterly, 20 [1947]: 291-316.
    Digital version at Jstor ($).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • George D. Langdon Jr., Pilgrim Colony: A History of New Plymouth, 1620-1691 (New Haven, Conn., 1966), xi, 257 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • Albert Mason, "A Short History of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts" in Massachusetts Law Quarterly, 2 [1916-1917]: 82-100.
    Digital version at Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • William E. Nelson, Americanization of the Common Law: The Impact of Legal Change in Massachusetts Society, 1760-1830 (Cambridge, Mass., 1975), ix, 269 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • John Noble, “A Few Notes on Admiralty Jurisdiction in the Colony and in the Province of the Massachusetts Bay” in the Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts, 8 [1905]: 3-38 and Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts: Transactions, 1902-1904, 8 [1906]: 150-186.
    Digital versions at Internet Archive and Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL film 844521.
  • Russell K. Osgood, ed., The History of the Law in Massachusetts: The Supreme Judicial Court 1692-1992 (Boston, 1992), 790 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • D. C. Parnes, Plymouth and the Common Law, 1620-1775 (Kingston, 1971), 59 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • George E. Pearson, "The Great and General Court of Massachusetts, 1628-1691: A Study of its Early History with Special Reference to its Organization," Ph.D. Dissertation, Tufts Univ., 1910, viii, 116 pp.
    No digital version.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • George E. Pearson, "Origin of the Massachusetts General Court" in New England Magazine, 54 [1915-1916]: 33-38.
    No digital version.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Plymouth Colony Archives Project at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, “Legal Structure” at www.histarch.uiuc.edu/plymouth/ccflaw.html.
  • Edwin Powers, Crime and Punishment in Early Massachusetts, 1620-1692: A Documentary History (Boston, 1966), xiii, 647 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • James P. Ronda, "Red and White at the bench: Indians and the Law in Plymouth Colony" in Essex Institute Historical Collections, 110 [1974]: 200-215.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974 B2e v. 110.
  • Ronald Kingman Snell, "The County Magistracy in Eighteenth-Century Massachusetts: 1692-1750," Ph.D. Dissertation, Princeton Univ., 1971, ix, 384 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Joseph H. Smith, Colonial Justice in Western Massachusetts (1639-1702) (Cambridge, Mass., 1961), ix, 426 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 P2c.
  • Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History & People 1620-1691 (Salt Lake City, 1986), xi, 481 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 H2s.
  • Emory Washburn, Sketches of the Judicial History of Massachusetts from 1630 to the Revolution in 1775 (Boston, 1840), 407 pp.
    Digital versions at Internet Archive and Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • William Henry Whitmore, A Bibliographical Sketch of the Laws of the Massachusetts Colony from 1630 to 1686 (Boston, 1890), xliii, 150 pp.
    Digital version at Internet Archive and Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.

Top of Page || Top of Courts || Top of Bibliography

Cemeteries

Cemeteries are operated privately or by the town or city government. Massachusetts is fortunate to have a statewide guide for all known cemeteries within the state:

Top of Page

Census

State Census

Quick Links to State Census
Record Lost Bibliography

The first census was taken in 1765. It enumerated statistically the number of houses, families, and people who were categorized under white males, white females (each with the number above and below age 16), Negro and Mulatto, Indians (each with the number of males and females), and French Neutrals (male and female, both above and below age 16). The town tallies were published at the end of Benton's book listed below.

The Provincial Congress needing to raise funds in 1775 determined it should be done by the population of the colonies. By an act on 16 Feb. 1776, the General Court of Massachusetts ordered a census to be taken to include the name of the heads of each family, number of white people, number of Negroes and Mulattoes, and the whole number within each family. These returned were to be submitted by each town.

The Congress again wanted an enumeration in 1781, but that resulted in creating estimates based on the current polls at the time. The Congress requested another census on 17 Feb. 1783 and Massachusetts responded in 1784 for an "accurate account of the quantity of land within this Commonwealth granted to, or surveyed for, any person, the number of buildings thereon, and of its inhabitants." Returns by town were to be made to the Secretary of the Commonwealth as of 1 Sept. 1784.

Massachusetts took two censuses in 1837 - one of inhabitants and the other of ratable polls. In 1840, the Commonwealth elected to take their own census along with the one the Federal government was doing. The state count was roughly 20,000 less than the Federal tally for 1840 and 1850. The Commonwealth started its own decennial census in 1855 and these continued through 1975. The only surviving schedules are for 1855 and 1865, and returns for 1915. The Legislature decided to change the basis of representation in the state from inhabitants to legal voters in 1857. At the same time, they repealed the duplicate state census they conducted along side the Federal census. The provision for legal voters was repealed in 1860 and that tally was done in conjunction with the decennial censuses of the state on the fifth year.

For 1855, the census recorded every person by name in the household, age, sex, color, occupation, place of birth, and whether a person was deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict. Enumerators in twenty-two (22) towns listed the exact place of birth. These towns are:
Abington, Andover, Brimfield, Brookline, Carlisle, Dennis, Enfield, Harwich, Holland, Ipswich, Marshfield, New Ashford, North Attleboro, Pembroke, Provinctown, Shutesbury, Wayland, Wellfleet, Westport, Wilmington, and Yarmouth.
These records are available online at FamilySearch as Massachusetts, State Census, 1855.

For 1865, the census recorded every person by name in the household, age, sex, color, place of birth, marital status, occupation, whether a person was deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict, and whether a man was a ratable poll (i.e. over 16 with enough property to be taxed), and a legal voter or a naturalized voter. Enumerators in ninety-six (96) towns listed the exact place of birth. These towns are:
Ashburnham, Ashfield, Bedford, Berlin, Bolton, Boxborough, Brimfield, Brookline, Carlisle, Charlestown, Chatham, Cheshire, Chester, Cummington, Dartmouth, Dennis, Dorchester, Dunstable, Edgartown, Essex, Falmouth, Florida, Foxborough, Framingham, Freetown, Gill, Gosnold, Grafton, Greenwich, Groton, Hadley, Halifax, Hancock, Harwich, Hawley, Holland, Hopkinton, Ipswich, Lee, Leicester, Lenox, Lexington, Leyden, Littleton, Lunenburg, Lynn (Wds. 3-5), Lynnfield, Marlborough, Marshfield, Melrose, Middleton, Milton, Monroe, Monson, Monterey, Needham, New Ashford, New Bedford (Wd. 4), New Salem, North Bridgewater [now Brockton], North Reading, Northfield, Palmer, Pepperell, Quincy, Reading, Rehoboth, Rochester, Rockport, Russell, Scituate, Sharon, Sherborn, Shutesbury, Somerset, South Danvers [now Peabody], Stoughton, Sutton, Swampscott, Tisbury, Uxbridge, Ware, Wareham, Watertown, Wayland, Wellfleet, Wendell, Westborough, Westford, Westminister, Weymouth, Williamsburg, Wilmington, Winthrop, and Yarmouth.
These records are available online at FamilySearch as Massachusetts, State Census, 1865.

This is a short bibliography on the subject of censuses in Massachusetts:

Top of Page | Top of Census

Record Lost

State Censuses of Massachusetts
1945 Lost
1935 Lost
1925 Lost
1915 Lost
1905 Lost
1895 Lost
1885 Lost
1875 Lost
1865 May 1 Exist
1855 June 1 Exist
1850 Lost
1840 Lost
1837 May 1 Lost
Top of Page | Top of Census

Bibliography

  • Josiah Henry Benton, Early Census Making in Massachusetts, 1643-1765, with a reproduction of the lost census of 1765 (recently found) and documents relating thereto (Boston, 1905), 104 pp.
    Digital versions at Internet Archive or Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • William H. Dumont, "A Short Census of Massachusetts - 1779" in the National Genealogical Society Quarterly, 49: 14-20, 96-100, 137-141; 50: 26-28, 207-214; 51: 44-48.
    This is included because of the title, but it should be noted that this is not a census.
  • Charles Ferris Gettemy, An Historical Survey of Census Taking in Massachusetts (Boston, 1919), 57 pp.
    Digital version at Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Samuel Abbott Green, "The First Census of Massachusetts" [i.e. 1765] in Publications of the American Statistical Association, New Ser., 2 [1890-1891]: 182-185.
    Digital version at Jstor (free).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore, 1992), 116 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 973 X2Lai.
  • Ann Smith Lainhart, 1855 and 1865 Massachusetts State Censuses For ... (Boston, 1986-1992), in 64 volumes for the seventy-three (73) towns of Acton, Bedford, Billerica, Boxboro, Boxford, Bradford, Bridgewater, Brighton, Burlington, Charlestown (2v.), Chelmsford, Concord, Dracut, Dunstable, Duxbury, East Bridgewater, Essex, Georgetown, Groton, Groveland, Halifax, Hamilton, Hanover, Hanson, Hingham, Holliston, Hopkinton, Hull, Ipswich, Lexington, Lincoln, Littleton, Lynnfield, Manchester, Marlborough, Marshfield, Mattapoisett, Medford, Melrose, Middleborough, Middleton, Nahant, Natick, Newbury, North Andover, North Bridgewater [now Brockton], Pembroke, Plympton, Rochester, Rockport, Saugus, South Reading [now Wakefield], Sherborn, Shirley, Stoneham, Stow, Sudbury, Swampscott, Tewksbury, Topsfield, Townsend, Tyngsborough, Wareham, Watertown, Wayland, Wenham, West Bridgewater, West Cambridge [now Arlington], West Newbury, Westford, Weston, Wilmington, and Winchester.
  • "Old Census of Massachusetts" [1764-65] published in the Columbian Centinel, issue 17 Aug. 1822, p. 1, cols. 2-3.
Top of Page | Top of Census

Federal Census

Massachusetts: Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules[2]
Exact Date Population Schedules Veterans/ Pensioners Slave Owners Mortality Agricultural Industrial/ Manufacturers Defective Indian[3]
1940 Apr. 1 Exist - - - - - - -
1930 Apr. 1 Exist - - - - - - -
1920 Jan. 1 Exist - - - - - - -
1910 Apr. 15 Exist - - - - - - Exist
1900 June 1 Exist - - - - - - Exist
1890 June 2 Lost Exist - - - - - -
1880 June 1 Exist - - Exist Exist Exist Exist -
1870 June 1 Exist - - Exist Exist Exist - -
1860 June 1 Exist - - Exist Exist Exist - -
1850 June 1 Exist - - Exist Exist Exist - -
1840 June 1 Exist Exist - - - - - -
1830 June 1 Exist - - - - - - -
1820 Aug. 7 Exist - - - - Exist - -
1810 Aug. 6 Exist - - - - Lost - -
1800 Aug. 4 Most of Suffolk County missing - - - - - - -
1790 Aug. 2 Exist - - - - - - -
Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Defective - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link
Top of Page | Top of Census

Online Census

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Defective - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link
Top of Page | Top of Census

Churches

Information regarding specific churches is best found on the town pages. This guide will list demoninational archives followed by a bibliography of histories of the various churches in Massachusetts.

Demonination Archive Description
Baptist
Andover Newton Theological School
210 Herrick Rd.
Newton Centre MA 02459
617-964-1100
website
The Franklin Trask Library hold several dozen local area church records of now defunct churches.
Congregational
The Congregational Library
14 Beacon St.
Boston MA 02108
617-523-0470
website
This library has a wealth of books on Congregationalism and there are online guides to finding aids for manuscript collections.
Episcopal
Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts
138 Tremont St.
Boston MA 02111
617-482-5800
website
The Archives does not maintain a list of records they hold, but consult the guide to their holdings in the bibliography below.
Episcopal
Episcopal Diocese of Western Massachusetts
37 Chestnut St.
Springfield MA 01103
413-737-4786
website
This Archives has an online guide (pdf file) that shows the few church records they hold.
Jewish
American Jewish Historical Society
99-101 Newbury St.
Boston MA 02116
617-226-1245
website
This library is within the New England Historic Genealogical Society, but maintains their own reference desk and collections. Their manuscript holdings are online.
Lutheran
The Lutheran Theological Seminary of Philadelphia
7301 Germantown Ave.
Philadelphia PA 19119
215-248-6383
website
The Lutheran Archives Center at Philadelphia holds the records of defunct churches and other records given to them, but there is no inventory of them online.
Methodist
Boston University
School of Theology Library
745 Commonwealth Ave., 2nd Flr.
Boston MA 02215
617-353-1323
website
The library holds a large number of church records and their online guides. Their holdings of Boston church records is a separate list. Also check their historical files for non-church record material.
Presbyterian
Presbyterian Historical Society
425 Lombard St.
Philadelphia PA 19147
215-627-1852
website
The library does not hold any Massachusetts church records, but they have Hall's Index Database that will list all the churches by town and give some historical data.
Roman Catholic
Archives of the Archdiocese of Boston
66 Brooks Dr.
Braintree MA 02184
617-746-5795
website
This diocese serves Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, Plymouth, and Suffolk Counties. There are online guides to parish establishments, church and cemetery records held by the archives, and other resources from their main page.
Roman Catholic
Diocese of Fall River
362 Highland Ave.
PO Box 2577
Fall River MA 02722
508-675-1311
website
This diocese serves Barnstable, Bristol, Dukes and Nantucket Counties. This Archives collects, organizes, and preserves records, documents and memorabilia of the Diocese for administrative and historical purposes, but is not open to the general public.
Roman Catholic
Diocese of Springfield
65 Elliott St.
PO Box 1730
Springfield MA 01102
413-732-3175
website
This diocese serves Berkshire, Franklin, Hampden and Hampshire Counties, but does not maintain an Archive.
Roman Catholic
Diocese of Worcester
49 Elm St.
Worcester MA 01609
508-791-7171
website
This diocese serves Worcester County, but does not maintain an Archive.
Society of Friends
(Quakers)
Rhode Island Historical Society
121 Hope St.
Providence RI 02906
401-273-8107
website
The membership library holds the records of the New England Yearly Meetings.
Unitarian/Universalist
Harvard Divinity School
45 Francis Ave.
Cambridge MA 02138
617-495-5788
website
The Andover-Harvard Theological Library maintains a detailed list of their holdings online.

General:

Baptist:

  • Thomas E. Buckley, "Church and State in Massachusetts Bay: A Case Study of Baptist Dissenters, 1651" in Journal of Church and State, 23 [1981]: 309-322.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • John Woolman Brush, Baptists in Massachusetts (Valley Forge, Pa., 1970), 78 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 K2bj.
  • Consolidated History of the Fifteen Churches of the Framingham Baptist Association (South Framingham, Mass., 1902), 131 pp.
    No digital version found.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • William Harrison Eaton, Historical Sketch of the Massachusetts Baptist Missionary Society and Convention, 1802-1902 (Boston, 1903), x, 240 pp.
    Digital versions at Internet Archive and Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
    Note: "Pastors of Baptist churches in Massachusetts, 1802-1902," p. 137-213.
  • History of the Baptist Churches Composing the Sturbridge Association, from their Origin to 1843 (New York, 1844), 54 pp.
    Digital versions at Internet Archive, Google Books, and Hathi Trust.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • W. G. McLaughlin, New England Dissent, 1630-1833, The Baptists and Separation of Church and State (Cambridge, 1971), 2v.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Carla Gardina Pestana, Quakers and Baptists in Colonial Massachusetts (New York, 1991), xii, 197 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 K2p.
  • David Porter, "The Baptist Struggle for Religious Freedom in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1650-1670" in Foundation, 14 [1971]: 24-32.
    Not in WorldCat; Not at FHL.

Congregational:

Episcopal:

  • Donald Nelson Alexander, The Diocese of Western Massachusetts, 1901-1951 (Springfield, Mass., [1951]), 85 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Joseph Breed Berry, History of the Diocese of Massachusetts, 1810-1872 (Boston, 1959), vi, 252 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Mark J. Duffy, Guide to the Parochial Archives of the Episcopal Church In Boston (Boston, 1981), v, 212 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.461 K23d.
  • Mark J. Duffy, ed., The Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts, 1784-1984 (Boston, 1984), xvi, 737 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 K2e.
  • Edward Midwinter, "The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel and the Church in the American Colonies, III: Massachusetts" in Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church, 4 [1935]: 100-115.
    No digital version found.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Edgar Legare Pennington, "Anglican Beginnings in Massachusetts" in Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church, 10 [1941]: 242-289.
    No digital version found.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.