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Massachusetts Genealogy Guide
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]]'' [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] '''Massachusetts'''<br>
  
''[[United States]]'' [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] '''Massachusetts'''<br>
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{{Merge}}
  
This is a genealogical and historical guide to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and its state-level records. You will find help with state vital records, histories, church archives, newspaper collections, genealogical libraries, understanding the court system, military records, and immigration and naturalization records.<br>  
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This is a genealogical and historical guide to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and its state-level records. You will find help with state vital records, histories, church archives, newspaper collections, genealogical libraries, understanding the court system, military records, and immigration and naturalization records.<br><br> {{MACountiesMap}}__TOC__
  
 
== Massachusetts History  ==
 
== Massachusetts History  ==
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=== Brief History  ===
 
=== Brief History  ===
  
This region of New England was home to many Algonquian-speaking Indians. They had been visited by British and other European countries' fishermen for more than a century before the first permanent European settlement. Not long before this first settlement began, the native population was decimated by a European-borne disease, likely smallpox, that left many of their villages empty. The Separatist Pilgrims were the first to arrive in 1620 to establish [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony]] at [[Plymouth Massachusetts genealogy|Plymouth]]. There were several early and later attempts for settlement up the coast into [[Maine|Maine]] (which would be part of Massachusetts until statehood in 1820). The second permanent settlement was by Puritans who arrived in 1629 to establish the [[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony]] at [[Salem, Massachusetts|Salem]].<br>  
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This region of New England was home to many Algonquian-speaking Indians. They had been visited by British and other European countries' fishermen for more than a century before the first permanent European settlement. Not long before this first settlement began, the native population was decimated by a European-borne disease, likely smallpox, that left many of their villages empty. The Separatist Pilgrims were the first to arrive in 1620 to establish [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony]] at [[Plymouth Massachusetts genealogy|Plymouth]]. There were several early and later attempts for settlement up the coast into [[Maine Genealogy|Maine]] (which would be part of Massachusetts until statehood in 1820). The second permanent settlement was by Puritans who arrived in 1629 to establish the [[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony]] at [[Salem, Massachusetts|Salem]].<br>  
  
These two colonies coexisted for many years, but geography and politics were on the side of the Massachusetts Bay. The Royal Province of [[New Hampshire|New Hampshire]] was created in 1680 that separated the District of Maine off from the center of population of the colony now firmly established at [[Boston Massachusetts genealogy|Boston]]. The British colonies developed more independent practices regarding trade, religion, and governance. King Charles II finally rescinded the charter for Massachusetts Bay in 1684. This action was implemented by King James II. The colony continued as it was until Sir Edmund Andros arrived to become the Royal Governor of the newly created [[Dominion of New England|Dominion of New England]] effectively in 1686. This united the colonies of Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth. Soon New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Haven, New York, and New Jersey would be added to the Dominion with the government seated at Boston. Andros quickly moved to take away most liberties colonists enjoyed and thus his rule was extremely unpopular. When King James II was overthrown in late 1688 by William and Mary, colonist at Boston overthrew Andros and his administration there in 1689. For lack of guidance by England, the colonies resumed their previous form of governments through 1691.<br>  
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These two colonies coexisted for many years, but geography and politics were on the side of the Massachusetts Bay. The Royal Province of [[New Hampshire Genealogy|New Hampshire]] was created in 1680 that separated the District of Maine off from the center of population of the colony now firmly established at [[Boston Massachusetts genealogy|Boston]]. The British colonies developed more independent practices regarding trade, religion, and governance. King Charles II finally rescinded the charter for Massachusetts Bay in 1684. This action was implemented by King James II. The colony continued as it was until Sir Edmund Andros arrived to become the Royal Governor of the newly created [[Dominion of New England|Dominion of New England]] effectively in 1686. This united the colonies of Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth. Soon New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Haven, New York, and New Jersey would be added to the Dominion with the government seated at Boston. Andros quickly moved to take away most liberties colonists enjoyed and thus his rule was extremely unpopular. When King James II was overthrown in late 1688 by William and Mary, colonist at Boston overthrew Andros and his administration there in 1689. For lack of guidance by England, the colonies resumed their previous form of governments through 1691.<br>  
  
 
The next major geo-political event was the merger of the Massachusetts Bay and the Plymouth Colony into the newly rechartered Royal Province of Massachusetts Bay in 1691 that began its new government under Sir William Phips in 1692. The territory included what is Maine and the Elizabeth, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket Islands (the islands removed from the control of New York). Major border disputes were settled as follows: New Hampshire (1740), Rhode Island (1746 - succeeded towns of Barrington, Bristol, Little Compton, Tiverton, Warren, and the newly created Cumberland to R.I.), Connecticut (1749 - succeeded towns of Enfield, Somers, Suffield, and Woodstock to Conn.), New York (1773 - twenty miles west of the Hudson; 1853 - Boston Corners section of Mount Washington to N.Y.), and Maine (1820 - succeeded as new state in Missouri Compromise).<br>  
 
The next major geo-political event was the merger of the Massachusetts Bay and the Plymouth Colony into the newly rechartered Royal Province of Massachusetts Bay in 1691 that began its new government under Sir William Phips in 1692. The territory included what is Maine and the Elizabeth, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket Islands (the islands removed from the control of New York). Major border disputes were settled as follows: New Hampshire (1740), Rhode Island (1746 - succeeded towns of Barrington, Bristol, Little Compton, Tiverton, Warren, and the newly created Cumberland to R.I.), Connecticut (1749 - succeeded towns of Enfield, Somers, Suffield, and Woodstock to Conn.), New York (1773 - twenty miles west of the Hudson; 1853 - Boston Corners section of Mount Washington to N.Y.), and Maine (1820 - succeeded as new state in Missouri Compromise).<br>  
<div style="width:147%">
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=== Historical Data  ===
 
=== Historical Data  ===
 
<center>'''Border changes''' </center>  
 
<center>'''Border changes''' </center>  
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=== Counties  ===
 
=== Counties  ===
  
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts is divided into fourteen counties. It is there that most court and land records are found. The most of the other commonly used records will be at the town level. Use the guide below to link to the county you want:<br>  
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The Commonwealth of Massachusetts is divided into fourteen counties. It is there that most court and land records are found. Most of the other commonly used records will be at the town level. Use the guide below to link to the county you want:<br>  
<center>[[Barnstable County, Massachusetts|Barnstable (1685)]] - [[Berkshire County, Massachusetts|Berkshire (1761)]] - [[Bristol County, Massachusetts|Bristol (1685)]]<br>[[Dukes County, Massachusetts|Dukes (1683/1695)]] - [[Essex County, Massachusetts|Essex (1643)]] - [[Franklin County, Massachusetts|Franklin (1811)]]<br>[[Hampden County, Massachusetts|Hampden (1812)]] - [[Hampshire County, Massachusetts|Hampshire (1662)]] - [[Middlesex County, Massachusetts|Middlesex (1643)]]<br>[[Nantucket County, Massachusetts|Nantucket (1695)]] - [[Norfolk County, Massachusetts|Norfolk (1793)]] - [[Plymouth County Massachusetts genealogy|Plymouth (1685)]]<br>[[Suffolk County, Massachusetts|Suffolk (1643)]] - [[Worcester County, Massachusetts|Worcester (1731)]] </center><br>  
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<center>[[Barnstable County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Barnstable (1685)]] - [[Berkshire County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Berkshire (1761)]] - [[Bristol County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Bristol (1685)]]<br>[[Dukes County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Dukes (1683/1695)]] - [[Essex County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Essex (1643)]] - [[Franklin County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Franklin (1811)]]<br>[[Hampden County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Hampden (1812)]] - [[Hampshire County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Hampshire (1662)]] - [[Middlesex County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Middlesex (1643)]]<br>[[Nantucket County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Nantucket (1695)]] - [[Norfolk County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Norfolk (1793)]] - [[Plymouth County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Plymouth (1685)]]<br>[[Suffolk County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Suffolk (1643)]] - [[Worcester County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Worcester (1731)]] </center>  
Massachusetts was created from two colonies in 1691. So records before that time would be part of:<br>  
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<br> Massachusetts was created from two colonies in 1691. So records before that time would be part of:<br>  
<center>[[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony (1629)]] - [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony (1620)]] </center><br>  
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<center>[[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony (1629)]] - [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony (1620)]] </center>  
Other extinct jurisdictions:<br>  
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<br> Other extinct jurisdictions:<br>  
  
*[[Norfolk (old) County, Massachusetts|Old Norfolk]], 1643-1680, which was all that north of the Merrimack River and south of the Piscataqua River being then the settled part of what became the royal province of New Hampshire in 1680 (except for roughly two to three miles above the Merrimack River).<br>  
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*[[Norfolk (old) County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Old Norfolk]], 1643-1680, which was all that north of the Merrimack River and south of the Piscataqua River being then the settled part of what became the royal province of New Hampshire in 1680 (except for roughly two to three miles above the Merrimack River).<br>  
 
*[[Dominion of New England|Dominion of New England]], 1686-1689, a brief consolidation of several British Colonies into one that was very unpopular and it collapsed.<br>  
 
*[[Dominion of New England|Dominion of New England]], 1686-1689, a brief consolidation of several British Colonies into one that was very unpopular and it collapsed.<br>  
*[[Maine|Maine]], records for this region called the District of Maine with counties of its own will all be found under Maine. Only high court and legislative records will be found under their Massachusetts headings.<br>
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*[[Maine Genealogy|Maine]], records for this region called the District of Maine with counties of its own will all be found under Maine. Only high court and legislative records will be found under their Massachusetts headings.<br>
  
{{anchor|bib00}}  
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Non-town names:<br>
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This is a list of archaic community, district, neighborhood section, and village names in Massachusetts that will not have a page on this wiki but are important to know their location.
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*[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/cis/cisuno/unoidx.htm Secretary of the Commonwealth's Archaic Names List].<br>
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{{anchor|bib00}}
  
 
=== Histories and Genealogies  ===
 
=== Histories and Genealogies  ===
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This is a lengthy and detailed list of books and articles relating to general topics for Massachusetts. The focus was on books published before 1995, so newer books are welcome additions to this list. The bibliography is divided into several topical groups plus a general section.<br>  
 
This is a lengthy and detailed list of books and articles relating to general topics for Massachusetts. The focus was on books published before 1995, so newer books are welcome additions to this list. The bibliography is divided into several topical groups plus a general section.<br>  
  
{| width="50%" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;" class="wikitable"
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{| width="35%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
 
|-
 
|-
 
! colspan="3" | Quick Links to Massachusetts Bibliography
 
! colspan="3" | Quick Links to Massachusetts Bibliography
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*George Lowell Austin, ''The History of Massachusetts, from the landing of the Pilgrims to the present time'' (Boston, 1884), xx, 598 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historyofmassach00au Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=XoEUAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3534448 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*George Lowell Austin, ''The History of Massachusetts, from the landing of the Pilgrims to the present time'' (Boston, 1884), xx, 598 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historyofmassach00au Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=XoEUAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3534448 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Foy Spencer Baldwin, "Early Evolution of the Public School in Massachusetts" in ''New England Magazine'', New Ser., 34 [1906]: 424-431.<br>No digital version available<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7568653 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Foy Spencer Baldwin, "Early Evolution of the Public School in Massachusetts" in ''New England Magazine'', New Ser., 34 [1906]: 424-431.<br>No digital version available<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7568653 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers, who came to Plymouth on the "Mayflower" in 1620, the "Fortune" in 1621, and the "Anne" and the "Little James" in 1623'' (New York, 1929; rep. many times), xi, 187 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48557 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1333972 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1962 ed.); [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3AEnglish%20%2Btitle%3AAncestry%20%2Btitle%3Aand%20%2Btitle%3AHomes%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3Athe%20%2Btitle%3APilgrim%20%2Btitle%3AFathers FHL book 974 W2be].<br>
 
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The Planters of the Commonwealth; a study of the emigrants and emigration in colonial times: to which are added lists of passengers to Boston and to the Bay Colony; the ships which brought them; their English homes, and the places of their settlement in Massachusetts, 1620-1640'' (Boston, 1930; rep. many times), xii, 231 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48127 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/953611 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1967 ed.); [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3APlanters%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3Athe%20%2Btitle%3ACommonwealth FHL book 974 W2bf].<br>
 
 
*James M. Banner Jr., ''To the Hartford Convention: the Federalists and the Origins of Party Politics in Massachusetts, 1789-1815'' (New York, 1970), xiii, 378 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/51521 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*James M. Banner Jr., ''To the Hartford Convention: the Federalists and the Origins of Party Politics in Massachusetts, 1789-1815'' (New York, 1970), xiii, 378 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/51521 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The Winthrop Fleet of 1630: an account of the vessels, the voyage, the passengers and their English homes, from original authorities'' (Boston, 1930; rep. many times), ix, 118 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48245 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/452183 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3AWinthrop%20%2Btitle%3AFleet%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3A1630 FHL book 974.4 W2b].<br>  
 
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The Winthrop Fleet of 1630: an account of the vessels, the voyage, the passengers and their English homes, from original authorities'' (Boston, 1930; rep. many times), ix, 118 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48245 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/452183 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3AWinthrop%20%2Btitle%3AFleet%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3A1630 FHL book 974.4 W2b].<br>  
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*Richard Le Baron Bowen, "The 1690 Tax Revolt of Plymouth Colony Towns" in the ''New England Historical and Genealogical Register'', 112 [1958]: 4-14.<br>Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=202 AmericanAncestors] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7030049 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|127567|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2ne v. 112}}.<br>  
 
*Richard Le Baron Bowen, "The 1690 Tax Revolt of Plymouth Colony Towns" in the ''New England Historical and Genealogical Register'', 112 [1958]: 4-14.<br>Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=202 AmericanAncestors] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7030049 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|127567|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2ne v. 112}}.<br>  
 
*George Ernest Bowman, ''The Mayflower Compact and its Signers, with facsimiles and a list of the Mayflower Passengers, 1620-1920'' (Boston, 1920), 19 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/mayflowercompact00bow Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1266851 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*George Ernest Bowman, ''The Mayflower Compact and its Signers, with facsimiles and a list of the Mayflower Passengers, 1620-1920'' (Boston, 1920), 19 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/mayflowercompact00bow Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1266851 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
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*George Ernest Bowman, "The Bowman Files," research into the Mayflower descendants for five or more generations.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/xxx WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|248225|item|disp=FHL fiche 6331448-6331471 (232 fiche)}}.<br>Derivative works from this collection:<br>
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**Susan E. Roser, ''Mayflower Marriages from the files of George Ernest Bowman at the Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants'' (Baltimore, 1990), xi, 415 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48109 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/21902512 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|574032|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 V2r}}.<br>
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**Susan E. Roser, ''Mayflower Births &amp; Deaths from the files of George Ernest Bowman at the Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants'' (Baltimore, 1992), 2v.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3718 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/25622435 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|529630|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 V2ra}}.<br>
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**Susan E. Roser, ''Mayflower Deeds &amp; Probates from the files of George Ernest Bowman at the Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants'' (Baltimore, 1994), xvii, 659 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3223 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/31219647 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|706795|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 R2r}}.<br>
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**Susan E. Roser, ''Mayflower Increasings'' (Baltimore, 1989, 2nd ed., 1995), xvi, 158 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48108 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/32969849 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|747047|item|disp=FHL book 974.482 D2r}}.<br>
 
*Alden Bradford, ''History of Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1822-1829), 3v.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/historymassachu04bradgoog v. 1], [http://archive.org/details/historymassachu00bradgoog v. 2], and [http://archive.org/details/historyofmassach03brad v. 3]), Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=ng2MBREtYT8C v. 2]), [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001261866 Hathi Trust].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11165825 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Alden Bradford, ''History of Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1822-1829), 3v.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/historymassachu04bradgoog v. 1], [http://archive.org/details/historymassachu00bradgoog v. 2], and [http://archive.org/details/historyofmassach03brad v. 3]), Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=ng2MBREtYT8C v. 2]), [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001261866 Hathi Trust].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11165825 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Alden Bradford, ''History of Massachusetts, for two hundred years: from the year 1620 to 1820'' (Boston, 1835), xii, 480 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/60723980 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/379111 FHL film 1463287].<br>  
 
*Alden Bradford, ''History of Massachusetts, for two hundred years: from the year 1620 to 1820'' (Boston, 1835), xii, 480 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/60723980 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/379111 FHL film 1463287].<br>  
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*David Bushnell, "The Treatment of the Indians in Plymouth Colony" in ''New England Quarterly'', 26 [1953]: 193-218 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/362450 Jstor] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1759778 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*David Bushnell, "The Treatment of the Indians in Plymouth Colony" in ''New England Quarterly'', 26 [1953]: 193-218 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/362450 Jstor] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1759778 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Harry Alonzo Cushing, ''History of the Transition from provincial to Commonwealth Government in Massachusetts'' (New York, 1896), vi, 281 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historyoftransit00cush Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=DntDAQAAIAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/60713130 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Harry Alonzo Cushing, ''History of the Transition from provincial to Commonwealth Government in Massachusetts'' (New York, 1896), vi, 281 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historyoftransit00cush Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=DntDAQAAIAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/60713130 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
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*Daughters of the American Revolution, Massachusetts, Genealogical Records Collection, {{FHL|591610|item|disp=FHL film 859313 (first of 39)}}, filmed complete in 1971, but series has continued. This important collection includes transcripts of many Bible, cemetery, church, obituary, and other records of individuals born about 1700–1900. This collection is being indexed nationally by the headquarters. To search the [http://services.dar.org/public/dar_research/search/?Tab_ID=6 DAR Genealogical Research System] for the GRC content, click on Massachusetts and conduct your search. For more information on this index, see the [http://services.dar.org/public/dar_research/search_grc/?action=overview overview] of the national index and/or the [http://services.dar.org/public/dar_research/search_grc/?action=booklist&st=MA list of volumes included].<br>
 
*John Demos, ''A Little Commonwealth: Family Life in Plymouth Colony'' (New York, 1970), xvi, 201 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/57858 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (several other editions); Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*John Demos, ''A Little Commonwealth: Family Life in Plymouth Colony'' (New York, 1970), xvi, 201 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/57858 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (several other editions); Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Charles Henry James Douglas, ''The Financial History of Massachusetts, from the organization of the Massachusetts Bay Company to the American Revolution'' (New York, 1892; 2nd ed., 1897), 148 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/n4financialhisto01doug Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=cDdEAAAAYAAJ Google Books] (both 1892 ed.).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/29083612 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Charles Henry James Douglas, ''The Financial History of Massachusetts, from the organization of the Massachusetts Bay Company to the American Revolution'' (New York, 1892; 2nd ed., 1897), 148 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/n4financialhisto01doug Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=cDdEAAAAYAAJ Google Books] (both 1892 ed.).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/29083612 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
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*Joel N. Eno, "The Expansion of New England as begun in Plymouth" [''i.e. Plymouth Colony''] in ''Americana'', 23 [1929]: 403-410.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480991 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1219500|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2a v. 23 or film 1697459 Item 5}}.<br>  
 
*Joel N. Eno, "The Expansion of New England as begun in Plymouth" [''i.e. Plymouth Colony''] in ''Americana'', 23 [1929]: 403-410.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480991 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1219500|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2a v. 23 or film 1697459 Item 5}}.<br>  
 
*Allan W. Forbes, "Apprenticeship in Massachusetts, its early importance and later neglect" in ''Worcester Historical Society Publications'', New Ser., 2 [1936-1943]: 5-25.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1812569 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Allan W. Forbes, "Apprenticeship in Massachusetts, its early importance and later neglect" in ''Worcester Historical Society Publications'', New Ser., 2 [1936-1943]: 5-25.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1812569 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
*Lucie M. Gardner, "Settlers about Boston Bay prior to 1630" in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 2 [1909]: 115-117, 176-183.<br>No digital version available.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1756836 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1260170|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 B2mm v. 1-2}}.<br>
 
 
*George E. Gay, comp., ''Origin and Organization of the Normal Schools in Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1900), 130 pp.<br>No digital version available.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/31548377 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*George E. Gay, comp., ''Origin and Organization of the Normal Schools in Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1900), 130 pp.<br>No digital version available.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/31548377 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 +
*William Prescott Greenlaw, ''The Greenlaw Index of the New England Historic Genealogical Society'' (Boston, 1979), 2v.<br>This is an index to many local histories and genealogies published between 1900 and about 1940.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5765667 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|159544|item|disp=FHL book 974 D22g}}.<br>
 
*David D. Hall, ed., ''The Antinomian Controversy, 1636-1638: a documentary history'' (Middletown, Conn., 1968; Durham, N.C., 2nd ed., 1990), xxi, 453 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/645332213 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*David D. Hall, ed., ''The Antinomian Controversy, 1636-1638: a documentary history'' (Middletown, Conn., 1968; Durham, N.C., 2nd ed., 1990), xxi, 453 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/645332213 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Frederick F. Harling, "The Indians of Eastern Massachusetts 1620-1645" in ''Historical Journal of Western Massachusetts'', 1 [1972]: 28-36.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2419230 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Frederick F. Harling, "The Indians of Eastern Massachusetts 1620-1645" in ''Historical Journal of Western Massachusetts'', 1 [1972]: 28-36.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2419230 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
Line 294: Line 304:
 
*Bettye Hobbs Pruitt, ed., ''The Massachusetts Tax Valuation List of 1771'' (Boston, 1978; rep. Camden, Me., 1998), 924 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4907655 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] / [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38736296 reprint]; {{FHL|322384|item|disp=FHL book Q974.4 R4m}} / {{FHL|817238|item|disp=reprint}}.<br>  
 
*Bettye Hobbs Pruitt, ed., ''The Massachusetts Tax Valuation List of 1771'' (Boston, 1978; rep. Camden, Me., 1998), 924 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4907655 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] / [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38736296 reprint]; {{FHL|322384|item|disp=FHL book Q974.4 R4m}} / {{FHL|817238|item|disp=reprint}}.<br>  
 
*George A. Rawlyk, ''Nova Scotia's Massachusetts: a study of Massachusetts-Nova Scotia relations 1630 to 1784'' (Montreal, 1973), xviii, 298 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/858368 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*George A. Rawlyk, ''Nova Scotia's Massachusetts: a study of Massachusetts-Nova Scotia relations 1630 to 1784'' (Montreal, 1973), xviii, 298 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/858368 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 +
*Fremont Rider, ed., ''American Genealogical-Biographical Index'' (Middletown, Conn., 1952-2000), 206v.+<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3599 Ancestry] ($)<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/27441669 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|193375|item|disp=FHL book 973 D22am}}.<br>Fremont Rider, ed., 'Key Title Index to the American Genealogical-Biographical Index''(Middletown, Conn., 199?), 36 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/42661754 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|655803|item|disp=FHL book 973 D22am index}} (different version).<br>''
 
*Maurice Robbins, "Indians of the Old Colony: their relation with and their contributions to the settlement of the area" in ''Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society'', 17 [1955-1956]: 59-74.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1756815 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Maurice Robbins, "Indians of the Old Colony: their relation with and their contributions to the settlement of the area" in ''Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society'', 17 [1955-1956]: 59-74.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1756815 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Frances James Rose-Troup, ''The Massachusetts Bay Company and its Predecessors'' (New York, 1930), xi, 176 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1954742 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|185719|item|disp=FHL film 1321018 Item 3}}.<br>  
 
*Frances James Rose-Troup, ''The Massachusetts Bay Company and its Predecessors'' (New York, 1930), xi, 176 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1954742 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|185719|item|disp=FHL film 1321018 Item 3}}.<br>  
Line 320: Line 331:
 
=== Vital Records  ===
 
=== Vital Records  ===
  
The original vital record resides in the town or city where the event occurred (in colonial times, a family group of birth can include events from other towns). The recording of these records was ordered by the government as early as 1639, though not all places followed the law. Both [[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony]] and [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony]] started to collect these records in a central location, but the practice died out by the mid-17th Century. The [[Massachusetts|Commonwealth of Massachusetts]] was the first state to create a permanent, statewide recording system starting in 1841. It is notable that the city of Boston lagged behind in reporting to the state and its records do not show up in the state system until a tougher regulation was implemented in 1850 (though the city did record these records locally). The only vital records closed to the public are the original births of amended records and those can be opened by a judge.<br>  
+
The original vital record resides in the town or city where the event occurred (in colonial times, a family group of birth can include events from other towns). The recording of these records was ordered by the government as early as 1639, though not all places followed the law. Both [[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony]] and [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony]] started to collect these records in a central location, but the practice died out by the mid-17th Century. The [[Massachusetts|Commonwealth of Massachusetts]] was the first state to create a permanent, statewide recording system starting in 1841. It is notable that the city of Boston lagged behind in reporting to the state and its records do not show up in the state system until a tougher regulation was implemented in 1848 (though the city did record these records locally). The only vital records closed to the public are the original births of amended records, out-of-wedlock births, and under-age marriages and those can be opened by a judge.<br>  
  
 
The original record still is found with the clerk of the town or city. All these records back to the earliest settlement of a town can always be viewed at the [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/eleclk/clkidx.htm town or city clerk’s office]. Most all town and city vital records have been microfilmed by the Family History Library and microfiched by the Holbrook Research Institute of Oxford, Mass. [now Archive Publishing of Provo, Utah]. This tends to be the most complete record of the event. Since 1841, there should be a second copy with the state and sometimes has abbreviated information from the original. This second copy is the most widely available source for researchers. It has been preserved by the same two vendors listed above and can be found on online in a variety of places and forms as listed below.<br>  
 
The original record still is found with the clerk of the town or city. All these records back to the earliest settlement of a town can always be viewed at the [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/eleclk/clkidx.htm town or city clerk’s office]. Most all town and city vital records have been microfilmed by the Family History Library and microfiched by the Holbrook Research Institute of Oxford, Mass. [now Archive Publishing of Provo, Utah]. This tends to be the most complete record of the event. Since 1841, there should be a second copy with the state and sometimes has abbreviated information from the original. This second copy is the most widely available source for researchers. It has been preserved by the same two vendors listed above and can be found on online in a variety of places and forms as listed below.<br>  
  
{| width="50%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
+
{| width="50%" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;" class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
 
! colspan="2" | Quick Links to Vital Records
 
! colspan="2" | Quick Links to Vital Records
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{{anchor|vr01}}  
 
{{anchor|vr01}}  
 
<center>'''Pre-1850''' </center>  
 
<center>'''Pre-1850''' </center>  
Before 1900, a few towns started publishing their own vital records in book form. The records were usually re-arranged into alphabetical order but separated by births, marriages, and deaths. Church and private records were added to get a more complete record and were clearly noted. The Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants published a few of these volumes along with the Systematic History Fund (a state fund); Essex Institute in Salem; Topsfield Historical Society, and others. The greatest number were published by the New England Historic Genealogical Society in Boston, in part from their Eddy Town-Record Fund. About two-thirds of the state (roughly 236 towns) has been published from the original town records and a few still are being released today. To learn more about this state publication project, see the article on [http://books.google.com/books?id=UssUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA52 The Publication of Vital Records of Massachusetts Towns] written in 1919. Check the [http://www.massmayflower.org/research/online/vital-records/vital-records-ma-towns-pre-1850.htm Mass. Town Pre-1850 Published Vital Records Guide] for a listing of the towns published up to 2011. There are links to some online versions below. A search in Google will reveal many town / region specific sites that have reproduced the volumes online or pdf versions available for downloading.<br>  
+
Before 1900, a few towns started publishing their own vital records in book form. The records were usually re-arranged into alphabetical order but separated by births, marriages, and deaths. Church and private records were added to get a more complete record and were clearly noted. The Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants published a few of these volumes along with the Systematic History Fund (a state fund); Essex Institute in Salem; Topsfield Historical Society, and others. The greatest number were published by the New England Historic Genealogical Society in Boston, in part from their Eddy Town-Record Fund. About two-thirds of the state (roughly 236 towns) has been published from the original town records and a few still are being released today. To learn more about this state publication project, see the article on [http://books.google.com/books?id=UssUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA52 The Publication of Vital Records of Massachusetts Towns] written in 1919. Check the [https://www.massmayflower.org/index.php/research-resources-education/new-england-resources/massachusetts/ma-town-pre-1850-vitals Mass. Town Pre-1850 Published Vital Records Guide] for a listing of the towns published up to 2011. There are links to some online versions below. A search in Google will reveal many town / region specific sites that have reproduced the volumes online or pdf versions available for downloading.<br>  
  
 
{{anchor|vr02}}  
 
{{anchor|vr02}}  
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7853 Massachusetts Marriages, 1633-1850]<br>[extracted from FHL films of original records, not complete, but extensive]  
 
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7853 Massachusetts Marriages, 1633-1850]<br>[extracted from FHL films of original records, not complete, but extensive]  
 
*Frederic W. Bailey, [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2091 Early Massachusetts Marriages Prior to 1800] [church records only]<br>
 
*Frederic W. Bailey, [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2091 Early Massachusetts Marriages Prior to 1800] [church records only]<br>
 +
 +
'''fold3.com ($)'''
 +
 +
*[http://www.fold3.com/title_89/massachusetts_printed_vital_records/ Massachusetts Printed Vital Records], search collection or browse by town and page
 +
*[http://www.fold3.com/title_90/massachusetts_vital_record_transcripts/ Massachusetts Vital Record Transcripts], manuscript versions of the printed books for 178 towns
 +
*[http://www.fold3.com/title_91/massachusetts_vital_records/ Massachusetts Vital Records], being a portion of the Holbrook Collection
 +
*[http://www.fold3.com/title_751/massachusetts_vital_records_boston/ Boston Vital Records, 1630-1895], from Holbrook Collection
  
 
'''Free online versions'''  
 
'''Free online versions'''  
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{{anchor|vr03}}  
 
{{anchor|vr03}}  
 
<center>'''1841 - 1920''' </center>  
 
<center>'''1841 - 1920''' </center>  
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts was the first state to create statewide vital records in the modern sense starting in 1841. It is notable that the city of Boston lagged behind reporting to the state and its records do not show up at the state until about 1850 (though the city maintained its own records before then). The original state records are held by:  
+
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts was the first state to create statewide vital records in the modern sense starting in 1841. It is notable that the city of Boston lagged behind reporting to the state and its records do not show up at the state until about 1848 (though the city maintained its own records before then). The original state records are held by:  
  
 
[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/ '''Massachusetts Archives''']<br>220 Morrissey Blvd.<br>Boston MA 02125<br>Phone 617-727-2816<br>Email [mailto:archives@sec.state.ma.us archives@sec.state.ma.us]<br>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/archrs/hrsidx.htm Hours and Directions]  
 
[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/ '''Massachusetts Archives''']<br>220 Morrissey Blvd.<br>Boston MA 02125<br>Phone 617-727-2816<br>Email [mailto:archives@sec.state.ma.us archives@sec.state.ma.us]<br>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/archrs/hrsidx.htm Hours and Directions]  
  
Visitors can make their own copies from the microfilmed copies or request certified copies per their [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcres/residx.htm#duplicate rules]. The archives only has the amended records up to v. 42 (1900). They have an [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/vitalrecordssearch/VitalRecordsSearch.aspx online index] to the records for 1841 to 1910 that is searchable for first name, last name, town, start year, end year, and type of record. Note that this is exact spelling searches only. Records can be ordered by email. No more than five requests per order and they are billed with your photocopies.<br>  
+
Visitors can make their own copies from the microfilmed copies or request certified copies per their [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcres/residx.htm#duplicate rules]. The archives only has the amended records up to v. 69 (1920). They have an [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/vitalrecordssearch/VitalRecordsSearch.aspx online index] to the records for 1841 to 1910 that is searchable for first name, last name, town, start year, end year, and type of record. Note that this is exact spelling searches only. Photocopies of records can be ordered by email and an invoice will be included with the photocopies. Certified copies ($3.00 each) must be request in person or by mail with prepayment. No more than five requests per order, please.<br>  
  
 
These records can be viewed online in two locations:  
 
These records can be viewed online in two locations:  
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This library and its many branches (where you can borrow the microfilm for a small fee) will have all the same records as listed above. You can access online for free:  
 
This library and its many branches (where you can borrow the microfilm for a small fee) will have all the same records as listed above. You can access online for free:  
  
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1536925 Births, 1841-1915]<br>[index and records from 1909 to 1915 ONLY]<br>  
+
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1536925 Births, 1841-1915]<br>
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1469062 Marriages, 1841-1915]<br>[index and records from 1905(?) to 1915 ONLY]<br>  
+
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1469062 Marriages, 1841-1915]<br>  
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1463156 Deaths, 1841-1915]<br>[index and records from 1910(?) to 1915 ONLY]<br>  
+
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1463156 Deaths, 1841-1915]<br>
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1928860 Massachusetts State Vital Records, 1841-1920]<br>[ACTUALLY, only 1916 to 1920, browsable by volume and page only]<br>
+
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1928860 Massachusetts State Vital Records, 1841-1920]<br>[ACTUALLY, only 1916 to 1920 plus amended and delayed records, 1841-1920]<br>
 +
 
 +
[http://www.fold3.com/ '''fold3.com ($)''']
 +
 
 +
This site has the [http://www.fold3.com/title_92/massachusetts_vital_records_index_18411895/ statewide vital records index, 1841-1895] that is searchable, but also browsable in its original form: separate birth, marriage, and death with separate indexes for each five-year period.<br>  
 +
 
 +
'''Ancestry''' has the following Massachusetts Vital Record Indexes:<br>
 +
 
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5062 Mass. Birth Index, 1840-1915] ($) [''the NEHGS index''].<br>
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2511 Mass. Marriage Index, 1840-1915] ($) [''the NEHGS index''].<br>  
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2101 Mass. Death Index, 1841-1915] ($) [''the NEHGS index''].<br>  
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3928 Mass. Birth Index, 1901-1960, 1967-1970] ($).<br>
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2966 Mass. Marriage Index, 1901-1955, 1966-1970] ($).<br>  
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3659 Mass. Death Index, 1901-1980] ($).<br>
 
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{{anchor|vr04}}  
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[http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/gov/departments/dph/programs/vital-records.html '''Registry of Vital Records and Statistics''']<br>150 Mount Vernon St., 1st Floor<br>Dorchester MA 02125<br>Phone 617-740-2600<br>Email [mailto:vital.recordsrequest@state.ma.us vital.recordsrequest@state.ma.us]<br>They have limited research hours  
 
[http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/gov/departments/dph/programs/vital-records.html '''Registry of Vital Records and Statistics''']<br>150 Mount Vernon St., 1st Floor<br>Dorchester MA 02125<br>Phone 617-740-2600<br>Email [mailto:vital.recordsrequest@state.ma.us vital.recordsrequest@state.ma.us]<br>They have limited research hours  
  
This office only makes certified copies of vital records. There are several ways to [http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/consumer/basic-needs/vitals/obtaining-certified-copies-of-vital-records.html purchases copies] both online and in person. This office also has the amended birth records after v. 42 (1900) and a statewide index to divorces from 1952 to the present (though the record itself will be with the probate court). There is a computerized index for the most recent records and five-year block indexes for births, marriages, and deaths onsite.  
+
This office only makes certified copies of vital records. There are several ways to [http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/consumer/basic-needs/vitals/obtaining-certified-copies-of-vital-records.html purchases copies] both online and in person. This office also has the amended birth records after v. 69 (1920) and a statewide index to divorces from 1952 to the present (though the record itself will be with the probate court). There is a computerized index for the most recent records and five-year block indexes for births, marriages, and deaths onsite.  
  
Every five years, another block of five years is transferred to the State Archives and at the same time is made available through the New England Historic Genealogical Society and to the Family History Library. This office restricts access only by the fact that they are the only ones with the records. These records are open to the public. The original town copies are always open to the public.<br>  
+
Every five years, another block of five years is transferred to the State Archives and at the same time is made available through the Family History Library. These records are open to the public, with some restrictions on certain birth and marriage records. The original town copies are always open to the public.<br>  
  
Ancestry.com has the following index only:  
+
Ancestry has the following Massachusetts Vital Record Indexes:<br>
  
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7457 Death Index, 1970-2003] ($)<br>
+
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3928 Mass. Birth Index, 1901-1960, 1967-1970] ($).<br>
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2966 Mass. Marriage Index, 1901-1955, 1966-1970] ($).<br>
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3659 Mass. Death Index, 1901-1980] ($).<br>
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7457 Death Index, 1970-2003] ($).<br>
 
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{{anchor|vr05}}  
 
{{anchor|vr05}}  
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*Robert Rene Kuczynski, "The Registration Laws in the Colonies of Massachusetts Bay and New Plymouth" in ''American Statistical Association Publications'', 7 [1900-1901]: 65-73.<br>Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/2276444 Jstor] (free).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480864 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Robert Rene Kuczynski, "The Registration Laws in the Colonies of Massachusetts Bay and New Plymouth" in ''American Statistical Association Publications'', 7 [1900-1901]: 65-73.<br>Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/2276444 Jstor] (free).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480864 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Chester F. Sanger, "The Divorce Legislation of Massachusetts" in ''Bay State Monthly'', 3 [1885]: 27-32.<br>Digital version at [http://www.bookmate.com/r#d=b3cju2Qz Bookmate], page 68 of this file, or as a text file at [http://www.gutenberg.org/files/17721/17721-8.txt Gutenberg], search text for title.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9960776 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 
*Chester F. Sanger, "The Divorce Legislation of Massachusetts" in ''Bay State Monthly'', 3 [1885]: 27-32.<br>Digital version at [http://www.bookmate.com/r#d=b3cju2Qz Bookmate], page 68 of this file, or as a text file at [http://www.gutenberg.org/files/17721/17721-8.txt Gutenberg], search text for title.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9960776 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
<center>Thanks to the [http://massmayflower.org Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants] for their contributions to this page </center> <center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#vr00|Top of VRs]]</center>  
+
<center>Thanks to the [http://massmayflower.org Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants] for their contributions to this page </center> <center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#vr00|Top of VRs]]</center>
 +
 
 
=== Land Records  ===
 
=== Land Records  ===
  
The earliest settlers in this region were issued patents or charters directly or through various types of companies established for settlement and/or trade. See the [[#Historical_Data|Historical Data]] table to identify these early documents. Once the two major colonies were settled (i.e. [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony]] and [[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony]]), land was distributed by their colonial governments through grants. [[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony]] established a county system in 1643 and land was recorded in the county deeds from then on. [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony]] used a centralized system and recorded these deeds colony-wide from 1620 to 1685 until it finally established a county system in 1685. The land records for the area now called [[Maine|Maine]] were always kept separately first entirely as was later was called York County. For each of these areas, land was granted for many years after the initial settlement as the colony expanded into uncharted territory given to it under the various patents and charters. All subsequent sales were recorded by the county. Though the vast majority of land transactions were recorded, it was not a requirement that this be done. It was in the best interest of the owner to do so, and legal advantages were given to such recordings. To search for land records, see the guide for the [[#Counties|county]] of interest and use the resources found there<br>  
+
The earliest settlers in this region were issued patents or charters directly or through various types of companies established for settlement and/or trade. See the [[#Historical_Data|Historical Data]] table to identify these early documents. Once the two major colonies were settled (i.e. [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony]] and [[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony]]), land was distributed by their colonial governments through grants. [[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony]] established a county system in 1643 and land was recorded in the county deeds from then on. [[Plymouth Colony|Plymouth Colony]] used a centralized system and recorded these deeds colony-wide from 1620 to 1685 until it finally established a county system in 1685. The land records for the area now called [[Maine Genealogy|Maine]] were always kept separately first entirely as was later was called York County. For each of these areas, land was granted for many years after the initial settlement as the colony expanded into uncharted territory given to it under the various patents and charters. All subsequent sales were recorded by the county. Though the vast majority of land transactions were recorded, it was not a requirement that this be done. It was in the best interest of the owner to do so, and legal advantages were given to such recordings. To search for land records, see the guide for the [[#Counties|county]] of interest and use the resources found there.<br><br>For counties with online records, the "recorded land" is what is microfilmed and constitutes the majority of the records. There are "registered land" deeds that go through land court. These are deeds are court approved as having clear title (i.e. no encumbrances). It you do not find anything in the first section, always search registered land for deeds since 1899.<br>  
  
 
{{anchor|court00}}  
 
{{anchor|court00}}  
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=== Census  ===
 
=== Census  ===
  
This section is focused on statewide, non-Federal census. Though many types of substitute records exist, only censuses will be addressed here.<br><br>The first census was taken in 1765. It enumerated statistically the number of houses, families, and people who were categorized under white males, white females (each with the number above and below age 16), Negro and Mulatto, Indians (each with the number of males and females), and French Neutrals (male and female, both above and below age 16). The town tallies were published at the end of Benton's book listed below.<br><br>The Provincial Congress needing to raise funds in 1775 determined it should be done by the population of the colonies. By an act on 16 Feb. 1776, the General Court of Massachusetts ordered a census to be taken to include the name of the heads of each family, number of white people, number of Negroes and Mulattoes, and the whole number within each family. These returned were to be submitted by each town.<br><br>The Congress again wanted an enumeration in 1781, but that resulted in creating estimates based on the current polls at the time. The Congress requested another census on 17 Feb. 1783 and Massachusetts responded in 1784 for an "accurate account of the quantity of land within this Commonwealth granted to, or surveyed for, any person, the number of buildings thereon, and of its inhabitants." Returns by town were to be made to the Secretary of the Commonwealth as of 1 Sept. 1784.<br><br>Massachusetts took two censuses in 1837 - one of inhabitants and the other of ratable polls. In 1840, the Commonwealth elected to take their own census along with the one the Federal government was doing. The state count was roughly 20,000 less than the Federal tally for 1840 and 1850. The Commonwealth started its own decennial census in 1855 and these continued through 1975. The only surviving schedules are for 1855 and 1865, and returns for 1915. The Legislature decided to change the basis of representation in the state from inhabitants to legal voters in 1857. At the same time, they repealed the duplicate state census they conducted along side the Federal census. The provision for legal voters was repealed in 1860 and that tally was done in conjunction with the decennial censuses of the state on the fifth year.<br><br>For 1855, the census recorded every person by name in the household, age, sex, color, occupation, place of birth, and whether a person was deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict. Enumerators is twenty-two (22) towns listed the exact place of birth. These towns are:<br>Abington, Andover, Brimfield, Brookline, Carlisle, Dennis, Enfield, Harwich, Holland, Ipswich, Marshfield, New Ashford, North Attleboro, Pembroke, Provinctown, Shutesbury, Wayland, Wellfleet, Westport, Wilmington, and Yarmouth.<br>'''These records are available online at FamilySearch as {{RecordSearch|1459985|Massachusetts, State Census, 1855}}'''.<br><br>For 1865, the census recorded every person by name in the household, age, sex, color, place of birth, marital status, occupation, whether a person was deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict, and whether a man was a ratable poll (i.e. over 16 with enough property to be taxed), and a legal voter or a naturalized voter. Enumerators is ninety-six (96) towns listed the exact place of birth. These towns are:<br>Ashburnham, Ashfield, Bedford, Berlin, Bolton, Boxborough, Brimfield, Brookline, Carlisle, Charlestown, Chatham, Cheshire, Chester, Cummington, Dartmouth, Dennis, Dorchester, Dunstable, Edgartown, Essex, Falmouth, Florida, Foxborough, Framingham, Freetown, Gill, Gosnold, Grafton, Greenwich, Groton, Hadley, Halifax, Hancock, Harwich, Hawley, Holland, Hopkinton, Ipswich, Lee, Leicester, Lenox, Lexington, Leyden, Littleton, Lunenburg, Lynn (Wds. 3-5), Lynnfield, Marlborough, Marshfield, Melrose, Middleton, Milton, Monroe, Monson, Monterey, Needham, New Ashford, New Bedford (Wd. 4), New Salem, North Bridgewater [''now Brockton''], North Reading, Northfield, Palmer, Pepperell, Quincy, Reading, Rehoboth, Rochester, Rockport, Russell, Scituate, Sharon, Sherborn, Shutesbury, Somerset, South Danvers [''now Peabody''], Stoughton, Sutton, Swampscott, Tisbury, Uxbridge, Ware, Wareham, Watertown, Wayland, Wellfleet, Wendell, Westborough, Westford, Westminister, Weymouth, Williamsburg, Wilmington, Winthrop, and Yarmouth.<br>'''These records are available online at FamilySearch as {{RecordSearch|1410399|Massachusetts, State Census, 1865}}'''.<br><br>This is a short bibliography on the subject of censuses in Massachusetts:<br>  
+
==== State Census  ====
 +
 
 +
{| width="40%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="2" | Quick Links to State Census
 +
|-
 +
| [[#sc01|Record Lost]]
 +
| [[#sc02|Bibliography]]
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
The first census was taken in 1765. It enumerated statistically the number of houses, families, and people who were categorized under white males, white females (each with the number above and below age 16), Negro and Mulatto, Indians (each with the number of males and females), and French Neutrals (male and female, both above and below age 16). The town tallies were published at the end of Benton's book listed below.<br><br>The Provincial Congress needing to raise funds in 1775 determined it should be done by the population of the colonies. By an act on 16 Feb. 1776, the General Court of Massachusetts ordered a census to be taken to include the name of the heads of each family, number of white people, number of Negroes and Mulattoes, and the whole number within each family. These returned were to be submitted by each town.<br><br>The Congress again wanted an enumeration in 1781, but that resulted in creating estimates based on the current polls at the time. The Congress requested another census on 17 Feb. 1783 and Massachusetts responded in 1784 for an "accurate account of the quantity of land within this Commonwealth granted to, or surveyed for, any person, the number of buildings thereon, and of its inhabitants." Returns by town were to be made to the Secretary of the Commonwealth as of 1 Sept. 1784.<br><br>Massachusetts took two censuses in 1837 - one of inhabitants and the other of ratable polls. In 1840, the Commonwealth elected to take their own census along with the one the Federal government was doing. The state count was roughly 20,000 less than the Federal tally for 1840 and 1850. The Commonwealth started its own decennial census in 1855 and these continued through 1975. The only surviving schedules are for 1855 and 1865, and returns for 1915. The Legislature decided to change the basis of representation in the state from inhabitants to legal voters in 1857. At the same time, they repealed the duplicate state census they conducted along side the Federal census. The provision for legal voters was repealed in 1860 and that tally was done in conjunction with the decennial censuses of the state on the fifth year.<br><br>For 1855, the census recorded every person by name in the household, age, sex, color, occupation, place of birth, and whether a person was deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict. Enumerators in twenty-two (22) towns listed the exact place of birth. These towns are:<br>Abington, Andover, Brimfield, Brookline, Carlisle, Dennis, Enfield, Harwich, Holland, Ipswich, Marshfield, New Ashford, North Attleboro, Pembroke, Provinctown, Shutesbury, Wayland, Wellfleet, Westport, Wilmington, and Yarmouth.<br>'''These records are available online at FamilySearch as {{RecordSearch|1459985|Massachusetts, State Census, 1855}}'''.<br><br>For 1865, the census recorded every person by name in the household, age, sex, color, place of birth, marital status, occupation, whether a person was deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict, and whether a man was a ratable poll (i.e. over 16 with enough property to be taxed), and a legal voter or a naturalized voter. Enumerators in ninety-six (96) towns listed the exact place of birth. These towns are:<br>Ashburnham, Ashfield, Bedford, Berlin, Bolton, Boxborough, Brimfield, Brookline, Carlisle, Charlestown, Chatham, Cheshire, Chester, Cummington, Dartmouth, Dennis, Dorchester, Dunstable, Edgartown, Essex, Falmouth, Florida, Foxborough, Framingham, Freetown, Gill, Gosnold, Grafton, Greenwich, Groton, Hadley, Halifax, Hancock, Harwich, Hawley, Holland, Hopkinton, Ipswich, Lee, Leicester, Lenox, Lexington, Leyden, Littleton, Lunenburg, Lynn (Wds. 3-5), Lynnfield, Marlborough, Marshfield, Melrose, Middleton, Milton, Monroe, Monson, Monterey, Needham, New Ashford, New Bedford (Wd. 4), New Salem, North Bridgewater [''now Brockton''], North Reading, Northfield, Palmer, Pepperell, Quincy, Reading, Rehoboth, Rochester, Rockport, Russell, Scituate, Sharon, Sherborn, Shutesbury, Somerset, South Danvers [''now Peabody''], Stoughton, Sutton, Swampscott, Tisbury, Uxbridge, Ware, Wareham, Watertown, Wayland, Wellfleet, Wendell, Westborough, Westford, Westminister, Weymouth, Williamsburg, Wilmington, Winthrop, and Yarmouth.<br>'''These records are available online at FamilySearch as {{RecordSearch|1410399|Massachusetts, State Census, 1865}}'''.<br><br>This is a short bibliography on the subject of censuses in Massachusetts:<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Census|Top of Census]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|sc01}}
 +
 
 +
'''Record Lost'''<br>
 +
 
 +
{| width="50%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#99cc99" align="center" colspan="90" | '''State Censuses of Massachusetts'''
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1945'''
 +
| width="65%" align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1935'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1925'''
 +
| align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1915'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1905'''
 +
| align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1895'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1885'''
 +
| align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1875'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1865''' May 1
 +
| align="left" | Exist
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1855''' June 1
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | Exist
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1850'''
 +
| align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1840'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1837''' May 1
 +
| align="left" | '''Lost'''
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Census|Top of Census]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|sc02}}
 +
 
 +
'''Bibliography'''<br>  
  
 
*Josiah Henry Benton, ''Early Census Making in Massachusetts, 1643-1765, with a reproduction of the lost census of 1765 (recently found) and documents relating thereto'' (Boston, 1905), 104 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/earlycensusmaki00bentgoog Internet Archive] or [http://books.google.com/books?id=fSlXZijctyMC Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2100989 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
 
*Josiah Henry Benton, ''Early Census Making in Massachusetts, 1643-1765, with a reproduction of the lost census of 1765 (recently found) and documents relating thereto'' (Boston, 1905), 104 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/earlycensusmaki00bentgoog Internet Archive] or [http://books.google.com/books?id=fSlXZijctyMC Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2100989 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>  
Line 773: Line 870:
 
*Ann Smith Lainhart, ''1855 and 1865 Massachusetts State Censuses For ...'' (Boston, 1986-1992), in 64 volumes for the seventy-three (73) towns of Acton, Bedford, Billerica, Boxboro, Boxford, Bradford, Bridgewater, Brighton, Burlington, Charlestown (2v.), Chelmsford, Concord, Dracut, Dunstable, Duxbury, East Bridgewater, Essex, Georgetown, Groton, Groveland, Halifax, Hamilton, Hanover, Hanson, Hingham, Holliston, Hopkinton, Hull, Ipswich, Lexington, Lincoln, Littleton, Lynnfield, Manchester, Marlborough, Marshfield, Mattapoisett, Medford, Melrose, Middleborough, Middleton, Nahant, Natick, Newbury, North Andover, North Bridgewater [''now Brockton''], Pembroke, Plympton, Rochester, Rockport, Saugus, South Reading [''now Wakefield''], Sherborn, Shirley, Stoneham, Stow, Sudbury, Swampscott, Tewksbury, Topsfield, Townsend, Tyngsborough, Wareham, Watertown, Wayland, Wenham, West Bridgewater, West Cambridge [''now Arlington''], West Newbury, Westford, Weston, Wilmington, and Winchester.<br>  
 
*Ann Smith Lainhart, ''1855 and 1865 Massachusetts State Censuses For ...'' (Boston, 1986-1992), in 64 volumes for the seventy-three (73) towns of Acton, Bedford, Billerica, Boxboro, Boxford, Bradford, Bridgewater, Brighton, Burlington, Charlestown (2v.), Chelmsford, Concord, Dracut, Dunstable, Duxbury, East Bridgewater, Essex, Georgetown, Groton, Groveland, Halifax, Hamilton, Hanover, Hanson, Hingham, Holliston, Hopkinton, Hull, Ipswich, Lexington, Lincoln, Littleton, Lynnfield, Manchester, Marlborough, Marshfield, Mattapoisett, Medford, Melrose, Middleborough, Middleton, Nahant, Natick, Newbury, North Andover, North Bridgewater [''now Brockton''], Pembroke, Plympton, Rochester, Rockport, Saugus, South Reading [''now Wakefield''], Sherborn, Shirley, Stoneham, Stow, Sudbury, Swampscott, Tewksbury, Topsfield, Townsend, Tyngsborough, Wareham, Watertown, Wayland, Wenham, West Bridgewater, West Cambridge [''now Arlington''], West Newbury, Westford, Weston, Wilmington, and Winchester.<br>  
 
*"Old Census of Massachusetts" [''1764-65''] published in the ''Columbian Centinel'', issue 17 Aug. 1822, p. 1, cols. 2-3.<br>
 
*"Old Census of Massachusetts" [''1764-65''] published in the ''Columbian Centinel'', issue 17 Aug. 1822, p. 1, cols. 2-3.<br>
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>  
+
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Census|Top of Census]]</center>
 +
==== Federal Census  ====
 +
 
 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="90" | '''Massachusetts: Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules'''<ref>Anne Bruner Eales, and Robert M Kvasnicka, ed., ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/44420788 Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States, 3d ed.]'' (Washington, D.C., 2000), 34, 44-45.&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;br&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993 Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore, 1987), 60-68.&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;br&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41640325 The Census Book: A Genealogists Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes]'' (Bountiful, Utah, 1999), 111. </ref>
 +
|-
 +
| width="90" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Exact Date'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Population Schedules'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Veterans/ Pensioners'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Slave Owners'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Mortality'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Agricultural'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Industrial/ Manufacturers'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Defective'''
 +
| width="9%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Indian'''<ref>Only for Indian schedules taken along with Federal population schedules. </ref>
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1940''' Apr. 1
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1930''' Apr. 1
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1920''' Jan. 1
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1910''' Apr. 15
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1900''' June 1
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1890''' June 2
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | '''Lost'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1880''' June 1
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1870''' June 1
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1860''' June 1
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1850''' June 1
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1840''' June 1
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1830''' June 1
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1820 '''Aug. 7
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | Exist
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1810''' Aug. 6
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | '''Lost'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1800''' Aug. 4
 +
| width="16%" align="center" | Most of Suffolk County missing
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1790 '''Aug. 2
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
{| width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts'''</font>
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
 +
| width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Type'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 +
|-
 +
| '''1890'''
 +
| width="20%" | Veterans
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Defective
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1870'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1860'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1850'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1840'''
 +
| Pensioners
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Census|Top of Census]]</center>
 +
==== Online Census  ====
 +
 
 +
{| width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts'''</font>
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
 +
| width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Type'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 +
|-
 +
| '''1890'''
 +
| width="20%" | Veterans
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Defective
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1870'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1860'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1850'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1840'''
 +
| Pensioners
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Census|Top of Census]]</center>  
 
=== Churches  ===
 
=== Churches  ===
  
Line 933: Line 1,389:
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>  
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>  
 
=== Military  ===
 
=== Military  ===
 +
 +
With the first permanent settlement at Plymouth, militias were formed to protect the early settlers. The most famous is the Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts Bay established in 1637. This guide is an overview, war-by-war, of histories and published records for those who served. There were other skirmishes of a lesser degree not listed here. To learn about the myriad involvements, consult the wikipedia entry for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Wars United States Wars].
 +
 +
{| width="50%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" | Quick Links to military history and records
 +
|-
 +
| <center>[[#mil01|General Bibliography]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#mil02|Colonial Wars<br>(pre-1754)]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#mil03|French and Indian Wars<br>(1754-1763)]]</center>
 +
|-
 +
| <center>[[#mil04|Loyalist Resources]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#mil05|Revolutionary War<br>(1776-1783)]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#mil06|Shays' Rebellion<br>(1786-1787)]]</center>
 +
|-
 +
| <center>[[#mil07|War of 1812<br>(1812-1815)]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#mil08|American Civil War<br>(1861-1865)]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#mil09|Spanish-American War<br>(1898)]]</center>
 +
|-
 +
| <center>[[#mil10|World War I<br>(1914-1918)]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#mil11|World War II<br>(1941-1945)]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#mil12|Korean Conflict<br>(1950-1953)]]</center>
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <center>[[#mil13|Vietnam Conflict<br>(1961-1973)]]</center>
 +
|
 +
|}
 +
 +
{{anchor|mil01}}
 +
<center>'''General Bibliography'''</center>
 +
*Ellery Bicknell Crane, "The Early Militia System of Massachusetts" in ''Proceedings of the Worcester Society of Antiquity'', 1888: 105-127.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12787147 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Charles Winslow Hall, ed., ''Regiments and Armories of Massachusetts; an historical narration of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, with portraits and biographies of officers past and present'' (Boston, 1899-1901), 2v.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/regimentsarmorie01hall v. 1] and [http://archive.org/details/regimentsarmorie02hall v. 2]) and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=31407 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1864936 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Jeffrey Rogers Hummel, "The American Militia and the Origin of Conscription: A Reassessment" in ''[http://mises.org/periodical.aspx?Id=3 Journal of Libertarian Studies]'', 15 [2001]: [http://mises.org/journals/jls/15_4/15_4_2.pdf 29-77].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/52935158 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*James C. Neagles, ''U.S. Military Records, A Guide to Federal and State Sources, Colonial America to the Present'' (Salt Lake City, 1994), xiv, 441 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/29843585 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|704356|item|disp=FHL book 973 M23nu}}.<br>
 +
*Jack Sheldon Radabaugh, "The Military System of Colonial Massachusetts, 1690-1740," Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. Southern California, 1965, ix, 598 leaves.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2870976 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*George Alfred Raikes, ''The History of the Honourable Artillery Company'' (London, 1878), 2v. (For Mass., see 1: 324-365, 453-459; 2: 436-473).<br>Digital versions at [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001048093 Hathi Trust] and Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=dKNCAAAAYAAJ v. 1] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=j_OgAAAAMAAJ v.2]).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2315875 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Oliver Ayer Roberts, ''History of the Military Company of Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts, 1637-1888'' (Boston, 1895-1901), 4v.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/historyofmilitary01robe v. 1], [http://archive.org/details/historyofmilitar02robe v. 2], [http://archive.org/details/historyofmilitar03robe v. 3], and [http://archive.org/details/historyofmilitar04robe v.4]), Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=CWUUAAAAYAAJ v. 1], [http://books.google.com/books?id=VS24OKpV-9gC v. 2], [http://books.google.com/books?id=9jIMAQAAMAAJ v. 3], and [http://books.google.com/books?id=YJZ-OOL9P5cC v. 4]), and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3100 Ancestry] ($) (v. 4 only).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12257590 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1861054|item|disp=FHL digital link}}.<br>
 +
*Christine K. Schaefer, ''The Great War: a guide to the service Records of all the World’s Fighting Men and Volunteers'' (Baltimore, 1998), xiv, 189 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38894632 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|719514|item|disp=FHL book 940.41 Sch13g}}.<br>
 +
*Zachariah Gardner Whitman, ''The History of the Massachusetts Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company from its formation in 1637 ... to the present time'' (Boston, 1820; 2nd ed., 1842), iv, 463 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historyofancient00whit Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=hv6mN5Mtt38C Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/30136590 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|mil02}}
 +
<center>'''Colonial Wars (pre-1754)'''</center>
 +
'''Records:''' [Note: Published records drawn from the originals in the [[#mac|Massachusetts Archives Collection]]]
 +
 +
*George M. Bodge, ''Soldiers in King Philip's War; being a critical account of that war, with a concise history of the Indian wars of New England from 1620-1677, official lists of the soldiers of Massachusetts colony serving in Philip's war, and sketches of the principal officers, copies of ancient documents and records relating to the war, also lists of the Narragansett grantees of the United colonies, Massachusetts, Plymouth and Connecticut'' (Leominster, Mass., 2nd ed., 1896; rep. Baltimore, 1967+), xiii, 502 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/soldiersinkingph00inbodg Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=ULATAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2096504 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|511503|item|disp=FHL book 974 M2b}}.<br>
 +
*Carole Doreski, ed., ''Massachusetts Officers and Soldiers in the Seventeenth-century Conflicts'' (Boston, 1982), xxvii, 260 pp.<br>Introduction online at [http://www.americanancestors.org/massachusetts-officers-and-soldiers-seventeenth-century/ AmericanAncestors.org].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8785749 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|84216|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M24d or film 1320664 Item 8}}.<br>
 +
*Mary E. Donahue, ed., ''Massachusetts Officers and Soldiers, 1702-1722: Queen Anne's War to Dummer's War'' (Boston, 1980), xxviii, 197 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7069252 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|11969|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2d}}.<br>
 +
*Myron O. Stachiw, ed., ''Massachusetts Officers and Soldiers, 1723-1743: Dummer's War to the War of Jenkins' Ear'' (Boston, 1979), xxvii, 282 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5918294 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|11973|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2s}}.<br>
 +
 +
'''History:'''
 +
 +
*Benjamin Church and Henry Martyn Dexter, ''The History of King Philip's War'' (Boston, 1865), 2v.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historyofkingphichur Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=hkIhAQAAMAAJ Google Books], and [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009701318 Hathi Trust].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11283870 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Samuel G. Drake, ''A Particular History of the Five Years French and Indian War in New England and Parts Adjacent ... sometimes called Governor Shirley's War'' [1744-1749] (Albany, 1870), 312 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/particularhistor00drak Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=cHMOAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11008074 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|286522|item|disp=FHL book 974 M2d}} (198? rep.).<br>
 +
*Michael J. Puglisi, ''Puritans Besieged: The Legacies of King Philip's War in the Massachusetts Bay Colony'' (Lanham, Md., 1991), xii, 244 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23462490 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*William F. Ricketson, "To Be Young, Poor, and Alone: The Experiences of Widowhood in the Massachusetts Bay Colony" in ''New England Quarterly'', 64 [1991]: 113-127.<br>Based on a sampling of women, widowed in the King Philip's War, who petitioned the legislature.<br>Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/365900 Jstor] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1759778 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Eric B. Schultz and Michael J. Tougias, ''King Philip's War: The History and Legacy of America's Forgotten Conflict'' (Woodstock, Vt., 1999), xv, 416 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41299214 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|mil03}}
 +
<center>'''French and Indian Wars (1754-1763)'''<br>[Called Seven Years' War in Europe (war declared in 1756)]</center>
 +
'''Records:''' [Note: Published records drawn from the originals in the [[#mac|Massachusetts Archives Collection]]]
 +
 +
*Nancy S. Voye, ed., ''Massachusetts Officers in the French and Indian Wars 1748-1763'' (Boston, 1975), xviii, unpaginated [ca. 475].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2048434 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|12013|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2v}}.<br>
 +
*Robert E. MacKay, ed., ''Massachusetts Soldiers in the French and Indian Wars 1744-1755'' (Boston, 1978), xii, 505 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4481914 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|11991|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2mc}}.<br>
 +
*K. David Goss and David Zarowin, eds., ''Massachusetts Soldiers in the French and Indian Wars 1755-1756'' (Boston, 1985), xxiv, 357 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11550451 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|253729|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2mo}}.<br>
 +
 +
'''History:'''
 +
 +
*Benjamin Doolittle, ''A Short Narrative of Mischief Done by the French and Indian Enemy, on the western frontiers of the province of Massachusetts-Bay'' (Boston, 1750; rep. New York, 1909), 27 pp.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11268593 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*William M. Fowler, ''Empires at War: the French and Indian War and the Struggle for North America, 1754-1763'' (New York, 2005), xxv, 332 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/56334323 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|mil04}}
 +
<center>'''Loyalists Resources'''</center>
 +
Loyalists, in general, are those people living in the colonies who remained loyal to the Crown in the Revolutionary War period. Those who fled to Canada are referred to as United Empire Loyalists.<br>
 +
 +
'''Mass. History:'''
 +
 +
*John T. Hassam, ''The Confiscated Estates of Boston Loyalists'' (Cambridge, Mass., 1895), 27 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/confiscatedestat00hass Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=DVoSAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>Reprint from the ''Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society'' for May 1895.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3591557 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*E. Alfred Jones, ''The Loyalists of Massachusetts, their memorials, petitions and claims'' (London, 1930; rep. Baltimore, 1969+), xxiv, 341 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48188 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1707463 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|108671|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 D3je}} (1969 ed. - have others).<br>
 +
*David Edward Maas, "The Return of the Massachusetts Loyalists" (New York, 1989), 592 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1628468 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*David E. Maas, ed., ''Divided Hearts: Massachusetts Loyalists 1765-1790, A Biographical Directory'' (Boston, 1980), xxxiv, 169 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7462854 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|65786|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 F2m}}.<br>
 +
*James H. Stark, ''The Loyalists of Massachusetts and the other side of the American Revolution'' (Boston, 1907; rep. 1910), 509 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/loyalistsofmassa00staruoft Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=_lR2AAAAMAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1655711 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|451406|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 D3s}} or {{FHL|1888123|item|disp=FHL digital book}}.<br>
 +
*William H. B. Thomas, ''Remarkable High Tories: supporters of King and Parliament in Revolutionary Massachusetts'' (Bowie, Md., 2001), 282 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/46911461 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
 +
'''General History / Guides:'''
 +
 +
*W. Bruce Antliff, ''Loyalist Settlements, 1783-1789: new evidence of Canadian Loyalist claims'' ([Toronto], 1985), xv, 423 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14099927 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|390753|item|disp=FHL book 971 N29L}}.<br>
 +
*Paul J. Bunnell, ''Research Guide to Loyalist Ancestors'' (Bowie, Med., 1990; rev. ed., 2000), ix, 129 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/22504985 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1257875|item|disp=FHL book 970 D23b}}.<br>
 +
*Paul J. Bunnell, ''The New Loyalist Index'' (Bowie, Md., 1989-2005), 4v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/21147630 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|509465|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2bun}}.<br>
 +
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''American Loyalist Claims'' (Washington, D.C., 1980), 1v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7259901 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|89435|item|disp=FHL book 973 R2cp}} (with digital link).<br>'''Actual records:''' American Loyalist Claims, 1730-1835, {{FHL|192412|item|disp=FHL film 944044 (1st of 181)}}, and American Loyalists Claims, AO 12, {{FHL|16752|item|disp=FHL film 1401498 (1st of 32)}}.<br>
 +
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''American Migrations, 1765-1799: the lives, times, and families of colonial Americans who remained loyal to the British crown before, during, and after the Revolutionary War, as related in their own words and through their correspondence'' (Baltimore, 2000), xii, 931 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49027 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/46729308 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|955434|item|disp=FHL book 973 D3cam}} (with digital link).<br>
 +
*Linda Corupe, ''The Loyalists of the Eastern Townships of Quebec'' ([Stanbridge East, Que.], 1984; rep. Belleville, Ont., 1992), 210, 58 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41601469 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|132167|item|disp=FHL book 971.4 H2Le}}.<br>
 +
*E. Keith Fitzgerald, ''Loyalist Lists: Over 2000 Loyalist Names and Families from the Haldimand Papers'' (Toronto, 1984), x, 125 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12668413 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|228467|item|disp=FHL book 971 M2fe or fiche 6010886}}.<br>
 +
*Alexander Fraser, ''United Empire Loyalists: enquiry into the losses and services in consequence of their loyalty, evidence in the Canadian claims'' ([Ottawa], 1905; rep. Baltimore, 1994), 2v.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1016 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/30919437 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|688825|item|disp=FHL book 971.3 A5o 1904}}.<br>
 +
*Graham Russell Hodges, ed., ''The Black Loyalist Directory'' (New York, 1996), li, 318 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/32627377 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|756517|item|disp=FHL book 973 F24bL}}.<br>
 +
*Gail Bonsall Pipes, ''Loyalists All: stories told about New Brunswick loyalists by their descendants'' (St. John, N.B., 1985), ix, 192 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16182490 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|454287|item|disp=FHL book 971.5 D2p}}.<br>
 +
*William D. Reid, ''The Loyalists in Ontario: the sons and daughters of the American Loyalists of Upper Canada'' (Lambertville, N.J., 1973; rep. Baltimore, 1994), vii, 418 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49231 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2280126 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|143386|item|disp=FHL book 971.3 V2r}} (with digital link).<br>
 +
*B. Wood-Holt, ''The King's Loyal Americans: The Canadian fact: marriage licenses for Sunbury County, 1788-1829, passenger lists and other lists, etc.'' (St. John, N.B., 1990), vi 455 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/25489509 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Esther Clark Wright, ''The Loyalists of New Brunswick'' (Wolfville, N.S., 1955), 364 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2561211 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|199321|item|disp=FHL book 971.5 F2w}} (with digital link).<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|mil05}}
 +
<center>'''Revolutionary War'''</center>
 +
{| width="85%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="4" | Quick Links to Revolutionary War topics
 +
|-
 +
| [[#rev01|State Records]]
 +
| [[#rev02|Published Records]]
 +
| [[#rev03|Federal Records]]
 +
| [[#rev04|Published Records (Gen.)]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[#rev05|Regimental History]]
 +
| [[#rev06|History]]
 +
| [[#rev07|General Guides]]
 +
|
 +
|}
 +
 +
This is the first war where there are a large number of governmental and private records created for us to better understand the war and the individuals who served in it.
 +
 +
{{anchor|rev01}}
 +
 +
'''State Records:'''
 +
 +
*[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ARC/arccol/colidx.htm#military Massachusetts Revolutionary rolls] are located at the [[#Archives|Massachusetts Archives]]. This collection is the source for the published version listed below.
 +
 +
{{anchor|rev02}}
 +
 +
'''Published Records:'''
 +
 +
*''Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War. A compilation from the archives'' (Boston, 1896-1908), 17v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12601336 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|213956|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M23m v.# or film 238343 (1st of 17) or fiche 6046890}}.<br>Note: Entries are under the exact spelling in the record; therefore, always look for variant spellings. The most common spelling with have an entry listing all the other variants found in the records.<br>Digital database with all volumes found at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7726 Ancestry] ($). Select the digital link for individual volumes from the table below.<br>
 +
 +
{| width="40%" border="1" class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="4" | Digital versions of Mass. Soldiers and Sailors
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 01
 +
| Aac - Ber
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol01mass Internet Archive]
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=D-cQAQAAMAAJ Google Books]
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 02
 +
| Bes - Byx
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol02mass Internet Archive]
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 03
 +
| Caa - Cor
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol03mass Internet Archive]
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 04
 +
| Cos - Dry
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol04mass Internet Archive]
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=ikwSAAAAYAAJ Google Books]
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 05
 +
| Dua - Foy
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol05mass Internet Archive]
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=ZOcQAQAAMAAJ Google Books]
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 06
 +
| Fra - Gyp
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol06mass Internet Archive]
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 07
 +
| Haa - Hix
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol07mass Internet Archive]
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=zucQAQAAMAAJ Google Books]
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 08
 +
| Hme - Jyp
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol08mass Internet Archive]
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=u-sQAQAAMAAJ Google Books]
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 09
 +
| Kab - Lsu
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol09mass Internet Archive]
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=o-wQAQAAMAAJ Google Books]
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 10
 +
| Lua - Mop
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol10mass Internet Archive]
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=Kk0SAAAAYAAJ Google Books]
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 11
 +
| Mor - Paz
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol11mass Internet Archive]
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=c_UQAQAAMAAJ Google Books]
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 12
 +
| Pea - Raz
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol12mass Internet Archive]
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=WfYQAQAAMAAJ Google Books]
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 13
 +
| Rea - Sey
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol13mass Internet Archive]
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 14
 +
| Sha - Sth
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol14mass Internet Archive]
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=Ak0SAAAAYAAJ Google Books]
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 15
 +
| Sti - Toz
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol15mass Internet Archive]
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 16
 +
| Tra - Whe
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol16mass Internet Archive]
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| Vol. 17
 +
| Whi - Zyr
 +
| [http://archive.org/details/massachusettssol17mass Internet Archive]
 +
|
 +
|}
 +
 +
*Charles E. Hambrick-Stowe and Donna D. Smerlas, eds., ''Massachusetts Militia Companies and Officers in the Lexington Alarm'' (Boston, 1976), xlii, 72 pp.<br>[Note: Published records drawn from the originals in the [[#mac|Massachusetts Archives Collection]]]<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2968507 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|91597|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2h}}.<br>
 +
*Rufus Lincoln, James Minor Lincoln, ed., ''The Papers of Captain Rufus Lincoln, of Wareham, Mass.'' [''i.e. Mass. 7th Infantry Regt.''] (Cambridge, Mass., 1904; rep. New York, 1971), 272 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/paperscaptainru00lincgoog Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=EF7ZEE7OeBwC Google Books]<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/135564 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|101237|item|disp=FHL film 924669 Item 2 or fiche 6078176}} (with digital link).<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil05|Top of Revolutionary War]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|rev03}}
 +
 +
'''Federal Records:'''
 +
 +
The Revolutionary War rolls, 1775-1783, are held at the [http://www.archives.gov/dc-metro/washington/ National Archives in Washington, D.C.] The records were microfilmed as NARA's [http://research.archives.gov/description/602384 M246] series and as {{FHL|274550|item|disp=FHL film 830280 (1st of 138)}} (Massachusetts 830304-830321). These records are arranged by jacket number (see list below).<br>This collection is '''ONLINE''' at [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2068326 FamilySearch.org] is a browsable form (as of Aug. 2013) by jacket numbers. It is also available at [http://www.fold3.com/title_469/revolutionary_war_rolls/ fold3.com] ($) where it is indexed.<br>
 +
 +
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
! width="50" scope="col" | Roll
 +
! width="238" scope="col" | Regiment
 +
! width="100" scope="col" | Years
 +
! width="50" scope="col" | Jacket #
 +
! width="50" scope="col" | Roll
 +
! width="238" scope="col" | Regiment
 +
! width="100" scope="col" | Years
 +
! width="50" scope="col" | Jacket #
 +
|-
 +
| 35
 +
| 1st Regt.
 +
| 1777-1781
 +
| 1-2
 +
| 41
 +
| Cowell's Co. of Militia
 +
| 1776
 +
| 55
 +
|-
 +
| 35
 +
| 2nd Regt.
 +
| 1777-1781
 +
| 3
 +
| 41
 +
| Crandon's Co.
 +
| 1779
 +
| 56
 +
|-
 +
| 36
 +
| 3rd Regt.
 +
| 1777-1782
 +
| 4
 +
| 41
 +
| Cushing's Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1777
 +
| 57
 +
|-
 +
| 36
 +
| 3rd Regt.
 +
| 1783
 +
| 5
 +
| 41
 +
| Denny's Regt. of Militia
 +
| no date
 +
| 58
 +
|-
 +
| 36
 +
| 4th Regt.
 +
| 1781-1783
 +
| 6
 +
| 41
 +
| Durfee's Co.
 +
| 1778
 +
| 59
 +
|-
 +
| 36
 +
| 5th Regt.
 +
| 1778-1781
 +
| 7
 +
| 41
 +
| Fellow's Regt.
 +
| 1775
 +
| 60
 +
|-
 +
| 36
 +
| 5th Regt.
 +
| 1777-1782
 +
| 8
 +
| 41
 +
| French's Regt.
 +
| 1777
 +
| 61
 +
|-
 +
| 37
 +
| 6th Regt.
 +
| 1777-1780
 +
| 9
 +
| 41
 +
| Frye's Regt.
 +
| 1775
 +
| 62
 +
|-
 +
| 37
 +
| 7th Regt.
 +
| 1777-1781
 +
| 10
 +
| 41
 +
| Gerrish's Regt.
 +
| 1778
 +
| 63
 +
|-
 +
| 37
 +
| 8th Regt.
 +
| 1778-1780
 +
| 11
 +
| 41
 +
| Goodrich's Command
 +
| 1780
 +
| 64
 +
|-
 +
| 37
 +
| 9th Regt.
 +
| 1778-1781
 +
| 12
 +
| 41
 +
| Holman's Regt. of Foot
 +
| 1776
 +
| 65
 +
|-
 +
| 38
 +
| 10th Regt.
 +
| 1778-1780
 +
| 13-14
 +
| 41
 +
| Jacob's Regt.
 +
| 1778-1779
 +
| 66
 +
|-
 +
| 38
 +
| 12th Regt.
 +
| 1777-1779
 +
| 15-17
 +
| 41
 +
| Hyde's Detachment of Militia
 +
| 1777
 +
| 67
 +
|-
 +
| 38
 +
| 13th Regt.
 +
| 1777
 +
| 18
 +
| 41
 +
| Keyes' Regt.
 +
| 1777
 +
| 68
 +
|-
 +
| 38
 +
| 15th Regt.
 +
| 1777-1780
 +
| 19
 +
| 41
 +
| Leach's Co. of Matrosses
 +
| 1776-1777
 +
| 69
 +
|-
 +
| 39
 +
| 15th Regt.
 +
| 1777-1779
 +
| 20
 +
| 41
 +
| Leach's Co.
 +
| no date
 +
| 70
 +
|-
 +
| 39
 +
| 16th Regt.
 +
| 1777-1780
 +
| 21-26
 +
| 41
 +
| Leonard's Regt. of Militia
 +
| no date
 +
| 71
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| n/a
 +
| n/a
 +
| 27-34
 +
| 41
 +
| Molten's Co. of Guards
 +
| 1779
 +
| 72
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| 1st Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1776
 +
| 35
 +
| 41
 +
| Murray's Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1780
 +
| 73
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| 1st Regt. of Militia, Lincoln Co.
 +
| 1776
 +
| 36
 +
| 41
 +
| Perce's Battalion of Militia
 +
| 1779
 +
| 74
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| 1st Regt. of Guards
 +
| 1778
 +
| 37
 +
| 41
 +
| Perry's Co. of Minute Men
 +
| 1775
 +
| 75
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| 3rd Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1779
 +
| 38
 +
| 41
 +
| Poors Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1778
 +
| 76
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| 4th Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1777
 +
| 39
 +
| 41
 +
| Pope's Regt.
 +
| 1777
 +
| 77
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| 4th Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1778-1780
 +
| 40
 +
| 41
 +
| Porter's Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1776
 +
| 78
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| 18th Regt.
 +
| 1775
 +
| 41
 +
| 41
 +
| Rand's Regt. of Levies
 +
| 1776
 +
| 79
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| 25th Regt. of Foot
 +
| 1775
 +
| 42
 +
| 41
 +
| Richardson's Co. of Militia
 +
| 1776-1777
 +
| 80
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| 32nd Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1775
 +
| 43
 +
| 41
 +
| Robinson's Co. of Militia
 +
| 1777
 +
| 81
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| Bailey's Regt. of Militia
 +
| no dates
 +
| 44
 +
| 41
 +
| Robinson's Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1777
 +
| 82
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| Brewer's Regt.
 +
| 1776
 +
| 45
 +
| 41
 +
| Simmond's Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1777
 +
| 83
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| Brooks' Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1778
 +
| 46
 +
| 41
 +
| Smith's Regt. of Foot
 +
| 1776
 +
| 84
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| Bullards' Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1776
 +
| 47
 +
| 41
 +
| Saprhawk's Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1778
 +
| 85
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| Burt's Co. of Militia
 +
| 1776-1777
 +
| 48
 +
| 41
 +
| Stearn's Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1778
 +
| 86
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| Cady's Detachment (or Regt.)
 +
| 1776
 +
| 49
 +
| 41
 +
| Turner's Regt.
 +
| 1781
 +
| 87
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| Carpenter's Co. of Militia
 +
| 1779
 +
| 50
 +
| 41
 +
| Williams' Regt.
 +
| 1777
 +
| 88
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| Carpenter's Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1776-1778
 +
| 51
 +
| 41
 +
| Williams' Regt. of Milita
 +
| 1777
 +
| 89
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| Cary's Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1780
 +
| 52
 +
| 41
 +
| Wood's Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1778-1779
 +
| 90
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| Cary's Regt.
 +
| 1776
 +
| 53
 +
| 42
 +
| [Various organizations]
 +
| no dates
 +
| 91
 +
|-
 +
| 40
 +
| Cogwell's Regt. of Militia
 +
| 1778
 +
| 54
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|}
 +
 +
Other selected Federal military records include:
 +
 +
*Compiled Service Records of Soldiers who Served in the American Army During the Revolutionary War, [http://research.archives.gov/description/570910 NARA M881 series], and Index, [http://research.archives.gov/description/572371 NARA M860], {{FHL|484382|item|disp=FHL film 882842 (1st of 1175)}}.<br>ONLINE at [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1849623 FamilySearch.org] and [http://www.fold3.com/title_470/revolutionary_war_service_records/ fold3.com] ($).<br>Also scanned from the Index arranged by unit and then alphabetical on Internet Archive, see [http://www.donslist.net/PGHLookups/IARevWarServRecs.html#Group93MA Don Krieger's Rev. War Service Guide].<br>
 +
*Compiled Service Records of American Naval Personnel Who Served in the Revolutionary War, 1894 - ca. 1912, [http://research.archives.gov/description/572134 NARA M880], {{FHL|88855|item|disp=FHL film 1004872 (1st of 6)}}.<br>ONLINE at [http://www.fold3.com/title_789/revolutionary_war_service_records_navy/ fold3.com] ($).<br>
 +
*Lists of Records of Military Organizations Used to Create Volunteer Compiled Military Service Records [i.e. Ainsworth Lists], [http://research.archives.gov/description/589591 NARA T817 series], Rolls 2-3 for Revolutionary War Massachusetts Lists, 1-71, {{FHL|539623|item|disp=FHL films 1715878-1715879}} (for same).<br>
 +
*Index to Selected Final Pension Payment Vouchers, 1818-1864, Records, [http://research.archives.gov/description/605894 NARA HMS A1 722] (not microfilmed except for Delaware and Georgia), and Index [http://research.archives.gov/description/2733385 NARA HMS A1 722A] (not microfilmed).<br>Index slips for the selected (pulled) from the pension agents' accounts by the NARA staff that was the final payment to an individual and cover more than 65,000 veterans. This collection can include death dates, dependent children, or maiden name of the widow.<br>ONLINE at [http://www.fold3.com/title_654/final_payment_vouchers_index_for_military/ fold3.com] ($).<br>
 +
*Numbered Record Books, [http://research.archives.gov/description/300355 NARA M853 series], {{FHL|388927|item|disp=FHL film 1025091 (1st of 41)}}.<br>Original war department records include orderly books, oaths of allegiance, lists of men and officers in state regiments, quartermaster accounts, correspondence, supply records and many more military records relating to the Revolutionary War and later compiled to comprise this collection.<br>ONLINE at [http://www.fold3.com/title_784/numbered_record_books/ fold3.com] ($).<br>
 +
*Case Files of Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Applications Based on Revolutionary War Service, ca. 1800 - ca. 1912, [http://research.archives.gov/description/300022 NARA M804 series], {{FHL|306844|item|disp=FHL film 970001 (1st of 2670)}}.<br>ONLINE at [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1417475 FamilySearch.org] and [http://www.fold3.com/title_467/revolutionary_war_pensions/ fold3.com] ($).<br>
 +
*Revolutionary War Prize Cases, 1780 - 1787, [http://research.archives.gov/description/1518851 NARA M162 series], {{FHL|573138|item|disp=FHL film 1534331 (1st of 27)}}.<br>ONLINE at [http://www.fold3.com/title_468/revolutionary_war_prize_cases_captured/ fold3.com] ($).<br>
 +
*Cards Concerning Revolutionary War Service and Imprisonment, [http://research.archives.gov/description/1756473 NARA HMS I-18 523].<br>ONLINE at [http://www.fold3.com/title_747/revolutionary_war_service_and_imprisonment/ fold3.com] ($).<br>
 +
*Revolutionary War Pension Payment Ledgers, 1818-1872, [NOT found on NARA website under T718 series], {{FHL|42194|item|disp=FHL film 1319381 (1st of 23)}}.<br>ONLINE at [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2069831 FamilySearch.org], only browsable by volumes A through V.<br>
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil05|Top of Revolutionary War]]</center>
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{{anchor|rev04}}
 +
 +
'''Published Records (General):'''
 +
 +
*A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services; with their names, ages, and places of residence, as returned by the marshals of the several judicial districts, under the act for taking the sixth census (Washington, D.C., 1841; rep. Baltimore, 1954+), 195 pp. (unindexed).<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/censusofpensione00usce Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ Google Books], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Ancestry] ($) or [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48067 Ancestry] ($) (with index), and [http://www.donslist.net/PGHLookups/Census1840M.htm Don Krieger's site].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2648500 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1967 ed.); {{FHL|282860|item|disp=FHL book 973 X2pc}} (with separate index) or {{FHL|1837673|item|disp=FHL digitized book}} (1954 ed.) - many other editions.<br>
 +
*Murtie June Clark, ''The Pension Roll of 1835'' and originally ''Report from the Secretary of War in Obedience to Resolutions of the Senate of the 5th and 30th of June, 1834, and the 3rd of March, 1835, in Relation to the Pension Establishment of the United States'' (Washington, D.C., 1835; rep. Baltimore, 1968+), 3v. rep. in 4v.<br>Digital version at Ancestry ($) ([http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48121 v. 1], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48122 v. 2], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48123 v. 3], and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48124 v. 4] and Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=l49HAQAAIAAJ v. 1], [http://books.google.com/books?id=LYQFAAAAQAAJ v. 2], and [http://books.google.com/books?id=mIQFAAAAQAAJ v. 3]).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/267 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1968 ed.); {{FHL|503566|item|disp=FHL book 973 M24ua v. #}} (1992 ed.).<br>
 +
*Trevor K. Plante, ''Military Service Records at the National Archives'' as Reference Information Paper 109 (Washington, D.C., 2007), vii, 119 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://www.archives.gov/publications/ref-info-papers/rip109.pdf NARA] (pdf file).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/71150121 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1477600|item|disp=FHL book 973 J53p v. 109}}.<br>
 +
*Virgil D. White, ''Genealogical Abstracts of the Revolutionary War Pension Files'' (Waynesboro, Tenn., 1990-1992), 4v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23035911 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|476517|disp=FHL book 973 M28g}}.<br>
 +
*Virgil D. White, ''Index to Revolutionary War Service Records'' (Waynesboro, Tenn., 1995), 4v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/32816867 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|745712|item|disp=FHL book 973 M22wv}}.<br>
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil05|Top of Revolutionary War]]</center>
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{{anchor|rev05}}
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'''Regimental History:'''
 +
 +
Frank A. Gardner wrote a series of articles on the history of the various regiments raised from Massachusetts that fought in the Revolution. They were published in [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009008617 ''The Massachusetts Magazine: a quarterly magazine devoted to Massachusetts history, genealogy, and biography''], v. 1 - 11 (1908-1918).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1756836 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|48268|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 B2mm}}.<br>Below is a list of the individual articles with digital links for each.<br>
 +
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Col. John Glover’s Marblehead Regiment” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 1 [1908]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag1908sale#page/23/mode/2up 14-20], [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag1908sale#page/175/mode/2up 85-102].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Col. William Prescott’s Regiment. Colonel William Prescott’s Minute-Men’s Regiment 1775. Tenth Regiment Army of the United Colonies 1775. Seventh Regiment Continental Army 1776” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 1 [1908]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag1908sale#page/307/mode/2up 149-167], [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag1908sale#page/497/mode/2up 235-259].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel Ephraim Doolittle’s Regiment. Colonel Ephraim Doolittle’s Minute-Men’s Regiment 1775. Twenty-Fourth Regiment, Army of the United Colonies 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 2 [1909]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag00sale#page/n29/mode/2up 11-29].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel Timothy Daneilson’s Regiment. Colonel Timothy Danielson’s Minute-Men’s Regiment 1775. 18th Regiment Army of the United Colonies 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 2 [1909]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag00sale#page/n151/mode/2up 69-83].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel John Fellows’ Regiment. Colonel John Fellows’ Minute Men’s Regiment 1775. 8th Regiment Army of the United Colonies 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 2 [1909]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag00sale#page/n297/mode/2up 141-161].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel Ebenezer Bridge’s Regiment" in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 2 [1909]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag00sale#page/n425/mode/2up 203-227].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel Timothy Walker’s Regiment. Colonel Timothy Walker’s Minute Men’s Regiment 1775. Twenty-Second Regiment, Army of the United Colonies 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 3 [1910]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv3sale#page/n75/mode/2up 25-39].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel Theophilus Cotton’s Regiment. Colonel Theophilus Cotton’s Minute Men’s Regiment 1775. 16th Regiment Army of the United Colonies 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 3 [1910]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv3sale#page/n229/mode/2up 99-116].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel James Frye’s Regiment. Colonel James Frye’s Minute Men’s Regiment 1775. First Regiment Army of the United Colonies 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 3 [1910]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv3sale#page/n411/mode/2up 187-198], [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv3sale#page/n533/mode/2up 246-256].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel Ruggles Woodbridge’s Regiment. Colonel B. Woodbridge’s Minute Men’s Regiment 1775. Colonel B. Woodbridge’s Regiment, Army of the United Colonies” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 4 [1911]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv4sale#page/n65/mode/2up 29-42], [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv4sale#page/n171/mode/2up 82-95].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel Thomas Gardner’s Regiment. Colonel Thomas Gardner’s Regiment, Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775. Late Colonel Thomas Gardner’s 37th Regiment, Army of the U.C. 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 4 [1911]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv4sale#page/n319/mode/2up 153-173].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel Samuel Gerrish’s Regiment. Colonel Samuel Gerrish’s (2nd Essex County) Regiment, April 19, 1775. 25th Regiment, Provincial Army, April-July, 1775; 38th Regiment, Army of the United Colonies, July-August 19, 1775. Lieut. Colonel Loammi Baldwin’s 38th Regiment, A. U.C. August 19-December 31, 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 4 [1911]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv4sale#page/n457/mode/2up 221-243].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel William Heath’s and Colonel John Greaton’s Regiments. Colonel William Heath’s Regiment April 19, 1775. Colonel John Greaton’s Regiment April 19, 1775. Colonel William Heath’s 21st Regiment, 21st Regiment, Provincial Army, April-July, 1775. Colonel John Greaton’s 36th Regiment, Army of the United Colonies, July-December, 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 5 [1912]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv5sale#page/n41/mode/2up 15-28], [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv5sale#page/n123/mode/2up 55-72].<br>
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*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel Ebenzer Learned’s Regiment. Colonel Ebnenezer Learned’s Minute Men’s Regiment April 19, 1775. Colonel Ebenezer Learned’s 14th Regiment, Provincial Army April-July, 1775. Colonel Ebenezer Learned’s 4th Regiment, Army of the United Colonies, July-December, 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 5 [1912]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv5sale#page/n159/mode/2up 73-101].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel Paul Dudley Sargent’s Regiment. Colonel Paul Dudley Sargent’s Lexington Alarm Regiment April 19, 1775. Colonel Paul Dudley Sargent’s 28th Regiment, Army United Colonies July-December, 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 6 [1913]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv6sale#page/n171/mode/2up 82-94], [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv6sale#page/n257/mode/2up 125-136].<br>
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*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel John Mansfield’s Regiment. Colonel John Mansfield’s 7th Regiment, Provincial Army, May to July, 1775. Colonel John Mansfield’s 19th Regiment, Army United Colonies, July to September 15, 1775. Lieutenant Colonel Israel Hutchinson’s 19th Regiment, Army United Colonies, September 15th to December, 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 6 [1913]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv6sale#page/n301/mode/2up 147-158]; 7 [1914]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv7sale#page/n71/mode/2up 32-45].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel Asa Whitcomb’s Regiment. Colonel Asa Whitcomb’s Regiment, April 19, 1775. Colonel Asa Whitecomb’s 5th Regiment, Provincial Army, April-July, 1775. Colonel Asa Whitcomb’s 23rd Regiment, Army United Colonies, July-December, 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 7 [1914]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv7sale#page/n201/mode/2up 99-123].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “General John Thomas’ and Colonel John Bailey’s Regiments. Colonel John Bailey’s or General John Thomas’s Regiment April 19, 1775. General John Thomas’ 2nd Regiment, Provincial Army, April-July, 1775. Colonel John Bailey’s 35th Regiment, Army of the United Colonies, July-December, 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 7 [1914]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv7sale#page/n323/mode/2up 158-182].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel John Paterson’s Regiment. Colonel John Paterson’s Minute Men’s and Militia Regiment, April 19, 175. Colonel John Paterson’s 12th Regiment, Provincial Army, May-June 1775. Colonel John Paterson’s 26th Regiment, Army of the United Colonies, July-December, 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 8 [1915]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag1915sale#page/n63/mode/2up 27-42], [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag1915sale#page/n161/mode/2up 75-83].<br>
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*Frank A. Gardner, “General Artemas Ward’s and Colonel Jonathan Ward’s Regiments. General Artemas Ward’s Regiment, Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775. General Artemas Ward’s 1st Regiment, Provincial Army, May-June, 1775. Colonel Jonathan Ward’s 32nd Regiment, Army of the United Colonies, July-December, 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 8 [1915]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag1915sale#page/n265/mode/2up 123-152], [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag1915sale#page/n393/mode/2up 185-200].<br>
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*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel Moses Little’s Regiment. Colonel Moses Little’s 24th Regiment, Provincial Army, April-July, 1775. Colonel Moses Little’s 17th Regiment Army of the United Colonies, July-December, 1775" in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 9 [1916]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv9sale#page/n43/mode/2up 18-44].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel Joseph Read’s Regiment. Colonel Joseph Read’s 6th Regiment, Provincial Army, April-July, 1775. Colonel Joseph Read’s 20th Regiment, Army of the United Colonies, July-October 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 9 [1916]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv9sale#page/n179/mode/2up 87-106].<br>
 +
*Frank A. Gardner, “Colonel Jonathan Brewer’s Regiment. Colonel Jonathan Brewer’s 19th Regiment, Provincial Army, April-July, 1775. Colonel Jonathan Brewer’s 6th Regiment, Army United Colonies, July-December, 1775” in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 9 [1916]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv9sale#page/n279/mode/2up 137-153], [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmagv9sale#page/n383/mode/2up 189-204].<br>
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil05|Top of Revolutionary War]]</center>
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{{anchor|rev06}}
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 +
'''History:'''
 +
 +
*Gardner Weld Allen, ''Massachusetts Privateers of the Revolution'' (Boston, 1927), vi, 356 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1832996 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|325128|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 B4m v. 77}}.<br>
 +
*"Confiscated Estates" in ''New England Historical and Genealogical Register'', 12 [1858]: [http://archive.org/stream/newenglandhisto26unkngoog#page/n82/mode/2up 71-73].<br>Confiscated Loyalist estates after the Revolution.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7030049 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|127567|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2ne v. 12}}.<br>
 +
*Bell Merril Draper, ''Honor Roll of Massachusetts Patriots Heretofore Unknown: Being a List of Men and Women Who Loaned Money to the Federal Government During the Years 1777-1779'' (Boston, 1899), 34 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/honorrollmassac00drapgoog Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=tfH_xDzFOpQC Google Books], and [http://www.genealogycenter.info/military/revolution/search_honorrollma.php Genealogy Center.info].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4395042 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|602835|item|disp=FHL film 1486549}}.<br>
 +
*Dirk Hoeder, ''People and Mobs: Crowd action in Massachusetts during the American Revolution, 1765-1780'' (Berlin, 1971), vii, 700 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1259944 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*John W. Lynn, ''Massachusetts Lineages of Revolutionary War Regiments'' (Grand Junction, Colo., 1986), 47 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16644927 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|510252|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2Lj}}.<br>
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil05|Top of Revolutionary War]]</center>
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{{anchor|rev07}}
 +
 +
'''General Guides:'''
 +
 +
*Lloyd DeWitt Bockstuck, ''Revolutionary War Bounty Land Grants Awarded by State Governments'' (Baltimore, 1996, rep. 2005), xxvii, 608 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49315 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/34599316 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|334133|item|disp=FHL book 973 R2bo}}.<br>
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*Murtie June Clark, ''Index to U.S. Invalid Pension Records 1801-1815'' (Baltimore, 1991), xxvii, 132 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23469057 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|578023|item|disp=FHL book 973 M22c}}.<br>
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*Murtie June Clark, ''The Pension Lists of 1792-1795 with other Revolutionary War Pension Records'' (Baltimore, 1991), xi, 200 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48120 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/24521131 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|463831|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2cmj}}.<br>
 +
*''DAR Patriot Index'' (Washington, D.C., Centennial ed., 1990), 3v.<br>Digital version part of [http://services.dar.org/public/dar_research/search/?Tab_ID=1 DAR Genealogical Research System] database.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1361754 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1986 ed.); {{FHL|644357|item|disp=FHL book 973 C42da 1990}} (with restricted digital link).<br>
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*Trevor N. Dupuy and Gay M. Hammerman, eds., ''People &amp; Events of the American Revolution'' (New York, 1974), xi, 473 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/947917 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Walter S. Franklin, ''Resolutions, Laws, and Ordinances, relating to the Pay, Half Pay, Commutation of Half Pay, Bounty Lands, and other Promises made by Congress to the Officers and Soliders of the Revolution'' (Washington, D.C., 1838; rep. Baltimore, 1998), 506, 13 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/resolutionslaws00frangoog Internet Archive] or [http://books.google.com/books?id=X9JKAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/820327108 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1838 ed.) or [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39209891 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1998 ed.); {{FHL|288666|item|disp=FHL film 599643 Item 3}} (1838 ed.) or {{FHL|691577|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2uh 1998}}.<br>
 +
*Patricia Law Hatcher, ''Abstract of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots'' (Dallas, Tex., 1987-1988; rep. Westminster, Md., 2001), 4v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/17392616 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|541538|item|disp=FHL book 973 V38h v. #}}.<br>
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*Marion and Jack Kaminkow, ''Mariners of the American Revolution'' (Baltimore, 1967), xxv, 248 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49233 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/366324 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|287749|item|disp=FHL book 973 M25k}} (with digital link).<br>
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*Clarence Stewart Peterson, ''Known Military Dead During The American Revolutionary War 1775-1783'' (Baltimore, 1959; rep. 1967+), [x], 186 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/952642 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|284870|item|disp=FHL book 973 M23pb}} (has other editions).<br>
 +
*Christine Rose, ''Military Pension Laws 1776-1858 from the Journals of the Continental Congress and the United States Statutes-at-Large'' (San Jose, Cal., 2001), xii, 32 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48937388 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1057575|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2rm}}.<br>
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*Constance B. Schultz, "Revolutionary War Pension Applications: A Neglectd Source for Social and Family History" in ''Prologue'', 15 [1983]: 103-114.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6391367 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|283550|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2p}}.<br>
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*Craig R. Scott, ''The "Lost" Pensions: Settled Accounts of the Act of 6 April 1838'' (Lovettsville, Va., 1996), [xi], 374 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/34633606 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|767486|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2sL}}.<br>
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*Craig R. Scott, ''Revolutionary War Genealogy Research'' ([Baltimore], 2011), [4] pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/746833636 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1948013|item|disp=FHL book 973 M27scr}}.<br>
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil05|Top of Revolutionary War]]</center>
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<center>'''Shays' Rebellion'''</center>
 +
The [http://shaysrebellion.stcc.edu/index.html Shays' Rebellion], named after one of the leaders, Daniel Shays, was an armed uprising in western Massachusetts in 1786 and 1787. Court records and newspapers chronicle this event, but there were no military records.<br>
 +
 +
'''History:'''
 +
 +
*Rock Brynner, "'Fire Beneath Our Feet': Shay's Rebellion and its Constitutional Impact," Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia Univ., 1993, vii, 320 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/29673691 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
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*Bernard Donovan, "The Massachusetts Insurrection of 1786," Ph.D. Dissertation, Boston College, 1938.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37397577 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Robert A. Feer, ''Shays's Rebellion'' (New York, 1988), vi, 597 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/270712480 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*George Richards Minot, ''The History of the Insurrections in Massachusetts, in the year MDCCLXXVI, and the Rebellion Consequent thereon'' (Boston, 1788; 2nd ed., 1810; rep. New York, 1970+), iv, 192 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historyofinsurre00min Internet Archive] (1810 ed.) and [http://books.google.com/books?id=dY4-AAAAYAAJ Google Books] (1819 ed.).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/85888081 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Leonard L. Richards, ''Shays's Rebellion: the American Revolution's final battle'' (Philadelphia, 2002), x, 204 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48707026 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1123571|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2rL}}.<br>
 +
*Jonathan Smith, "The Depression of 1785 and Daniel Shays' Rebellion" in ''William and Mary Quarterly'', 3rd Ser., 5 [1948]: 77-94.<br>Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1920948 Jstor] (free online).<br>[http://www.jstor.org/stable/1920948 Jstor (free)].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1607858 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|435110|item|disp=FHL book 973 H25w ser. 3 v. #}}.<br>
 +
*David Peter Szatmary, ''Shays' Rebellion: The Making of an Agrarian Insurrection'' (Amherst, Mass., 1980), xiv, 184 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5564258 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
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<center>'''War of 1812'''</center>
 +
During the War of 1812, Massachusetts supplied 43,321 infantry men, 446 cavalry men, 2,714 artillery men, and 200 men in miscellaneous troops for a total of 46,681 men.<ref>Wesley Potter Kremer, ''100 Great Battles of the Rebellion; ... Also, All the Battles of the Revolution, War of 1812-5, Mexican War, Indian Battles, American-Spanish War, and Naval Battles'' (Hoboken, N.J., 1906), p. 326 (see [http://archive.org/stream/100greatbattleso00krem#page/326/mode/2up Internet Archive]).</ref>
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'''Records:'''
 +
 +
*Muster Rolls and Payrolls of the Massachusetts Militia, 1812-1815, 9v. at the [[#Archives|Massachusetts Archive]].<br>{{FHL|730271|item|disp=FHL film 2109974 (1st of 7)}}.<br>
 +
*Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the War of 1812, 1899-1927, [http://research.archives.gov/description/654501 NARA ARC Identifier 654501].<br>"Receipts for Pay" rolls that are filed with the series "Muster Rolls of Volunteer Organizations During the War of 1812, 1812-1815" (ARC Identifier 654644) were not carded, and it is sometimes necessary to consult that series to obtain the complete service of an individual. Arranged by alphabetically by state, thereunder numerically by regiment, thereunder by name of commanding officer (chronologically thereunder for various periods of service), and thereunder alphabetically by name of soldier. Records for U.S. Volunteer Organizations, Indian Regiments, Prisoners of War, Spies, and Quartermaster Department are arranged similarly at the end of the state file.<br>-----<br>Indexes to the Carded Records of Soldiers Who Served in Volunteer Organizations During the War of 1812, [http://research.archives.gov/description/654501 NARA ARC Identifier 654644, M602 series], {{FHL|284697|item|disp=FHL film 882519 (1st of 234)}}.<br>ONLINE:<br>[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1916219 FamilySearch.org] (browsable alpha index); [http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#276%7ChlYOPAgp_T09lkorg fold3.com] (browsable by name to Miller); [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4281 Ancestry] ($) (indexed); Scanned on Internet Archive, but use [http://www.donslist.net/PGHLookups/IAWar1812IndexServRecs.html Don Krieger's Guide] for better access.<br>
 +
*War of 1812 Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files, [http://research.archives.gov/description/564415 NARA Archives Identifier 564415] (never microfilmed), and Indexed, [http://research.archives.gov/description/563315 NARA M313 series], {{FHL|46482|item|disp=FHL film 840431 (1st of 102)}}; ALSO see book index below.<br>ONLINE:<br>Pension Files, [http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#247%7Ch5iT6dgqRT09lkorg fold3.com] (free) [browse up to "Dexter" as of Aug. 2013].<br>Pension index, [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1133 Ancestry] ($) (indexed); [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1834325 FamilySearch.org] (browsable, but sections are scan batches).<br>
 +
*Lists of Records of Military Organizations Used to Create Volunteer Compiled Military Service Records [i.e. Ainsworth Lists], [http://research.archives.gov/description/589591 NARA T817 series], Rolls 18-20 for War of 1812 Massachusetts Lists, 1-126, {{FHL|539623|item|disp=FHL films 1490260, 1715892-1715893}} (for same).<br>
 +
*Muster Rolls of Volunteer Organizations During the War of 1812 [i.e. Sea Fencibles and six companies of Rangers], [http://research.archives.gov/description/654644 NARA Archives Identifier 654644] (not microfilmed or digitized).<br>
 +
*Numerical Index, arranged by state and then by number, [http://research.archives.gov/description/654505 NARA ARC Identifier 654505] (not microfilmed).<br>ONLINE:<br>[http://www.fold3.com/title_851/pension_numerical_index/ fold3.com] ($) (10% finished in Aug. 2013).<br>
 +
*Military Bounty Land Warrants under the Act of 1812, 1815-1858, [http://research.archives.gov/description/4923870 NARA M848 series], {{FHL|290307|item|disp=FHL film 983163 (1st of 15)}}.<br>ONLINE:<br>[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1165 Ancestry] ($) [inc. Rev. War] and Digital scan of manuscript index, see [http://www.donslist.net/PGHLookups/WarrantsWar1812M.htm Don Krieger's site].<br>
 +
*War of 1812 Prize Case Files, 1812-1815, District of Massachusetts, [http://research.archives.gov/description/608051 NARA Archives Identifier 608051] (not microfilmed or digitized).<br>
 +
 +
'''Published Records:'''
 +
 +
*John Baker, comp., ''Records of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia called out by the Governor of Massachusetts to suppress a threatened invasion during the War of 1812-1814'' (Boston, 1913), xv, 448 pp., (Pawtucket, R.I., 2000), 1 CD.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/recordsofmassach00mass Internet Archive], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48195 Ancestry] ($), and [http://www.donslist.net/PGHLookups/MAVolWar1812M.htm Don Krieger's site].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1871118 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|79727|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M23ma or film 1033995 Item 5}} (with digital link).<br>
 +
*Jack Bilow, ''A War of 1812 Death Register "Whispers in the Dark"' (Plattsburgh, N.Y., 2011), 520 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/752564562 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>''
 +
*Mrs. Henry James Carr [Deborah E. W. Carr], ''Index to certified copy of list of American prisoners of war, 1812-1815: as recorded in General entry book, Ottawa, Canada. List of American prisoners of war, who died at Princetown, Dartmoor, England, 1812-1815'' (S.l., [1924]), 25 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://www.genealogycenter.info/military/warof1812/search_americanpows.php GenealogyCenter.info] or download from [http://www.freeebookse.com/Henry-James-Carr-PDF9-1754423/ freebookse.com].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4672996 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|249691|item|disp=FHL film 962585 Item 5}} (with digital link).<br>
 +
*Clarence Stewart Peterson, ''Known Military Dead During the War of 1812'' (Baltimore, 1955; rep. Baltimore, 2002), 74 leaves.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1476506 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|284863|item|disp=FHL book 973 M23p or fiche 6051255}}.<br>
 +
*Virgil D. White, ''Index to War of 1812 Pension Files'' (Waynesboro, Tenn., 1989), 3v.<br>Transcribed from the National Archives M313 series.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/18822091 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|392040|item|disp=FHL book 973 M22i}}.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil07|Top of War of 1812]]</center>
 +
'''History:'''
 +
 +
*George Coggeshall, ''History of the American privateers, and letters-of-marque, during our war with England in the years 1812, '13, and '14'' (New York, 1856, 3rd ed., 1861), lv, 482 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/cihm_07360 Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11330893 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Paris M. Davis, ''An authentic history of the late war between the United States and Great Britain'' (New York, 1836), 360 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/authentichistory00indavi Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=PqlBAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2487835 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*William S. Dudley, ''The Naval War of 1812: A Documentary History'' (Washington, D.C., 1985-2002), 3v.<br>Digital version at [http://ibiblio.org/anrs/1812.html American Naval Records Society].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12834733 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*James H. Ellis, ''A Ruinous and Unhappy War: New England and the War of 1812'' (New York, 2009), ebook (315 pp.).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/457041300 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Donald R. Hickey, ''The War of 1812, a Forgotten Conflict'' (Urbana, Ill., 1989; rep. 2012). 457 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/18815130 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|539795|item|disp=FHL book 973 H2hi}}.<br>
 +
*Jon Latimer, ''1812: War with America'' (Cambridge, Mass., 2007), xiv, 637 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/85018071 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Benson J. Lossing, ''The pictorial field-book of the War of 1812: or, Illustrations, by Pen and Pencil, of the history, biography, scenery, relics, and traditions of the last war for American independence'' (New York, 1869), xvi, 1084 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/fieldbookswar181200lossrich Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=okh7K53m_BIC Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/951294 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1716926|item|disp=FHL digital book}}.<br>
 +
*Robert Malcomson, ''Historical Dictionary of the War of 1812'' (Lanham, Md., 2006), 701 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/61361521 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1369438|item|disp=FHL book 973 H26m}}.<br>
 +
*Theodore Roosevelt, ''The Naval War of 1812; or, The history of the United States Navy during the last war with Great Britain, to which is appended an account of the Battle of New Orleans'' (New York, 1882; rep. many times), xvii, 498 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/cu31924092890783 Internet Archive] (1910 ed.) and [http://books.google.com/books?id=qUNJAAAAIAAJ Google Books] or [http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/9104 Gutenberg.org] (ebook).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1823320 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|622318|item|disp=FHL book 973 M3r}} or {{FHL|1991935|item|disp=FHL digital book}} (1902 ed., 2v.).<br>
 +
*John Lewis Thomson, ''Historical sketches of the late war, between the United States and Great Britain'' (Philadelphia, 2nd ed., 1816), xii, 367 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historicalsketch00thoms Internet Archive] (1818 ed.) and [http://books.google.com/books?id=GpRPAAAAYAAJ Google Books] (1817 ed.)<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/15569751 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Walter Kendall Watkins, ''The defense of Boston in the War of 1812-15: with an appendix containing a bibliography of the War and a list of the officers of the Massachusetts Militia engaged in the defense'' ([Boston?], 1899; rep. North Clarendon, Vt., 1990), 42 pp.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4214310 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|745352|item|disp=FHL book 974.461 M2w}} (1990 ed.).<br>
 +
 +
'''Guides:'''
 +
 +
*''1812 Ancestor Index: National Society, United States Daughters of 1812'' (Washington, D.C., 1970-2003), 3v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/153360 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|260142|item|disp=FHL book 973 C4sd}} (with digital link) and {{FHL|621506|item|disp=FHL book 973 C4sd 1970-1992}} (v. 2 - 1970).<br>
 +
*Dennis F. Blizzard, ''The Roster of the General Society of the War of 1812'' (Mendelhall, Pa., 1989), xi, 241 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/20933292 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|412243|item|disp=FHL book 973 C4bL}} (with digital link).<br>
 +
*Stuart L. Butler, "Genealogical Records of the War of 1812" in ''Prologue'', 23 [1991]: [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1991/winter/war-of-1812.html 420-425].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6391367 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|283550|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2p}}.<br>
 +
*John C. Fredriksen, ''Resource Guide for the War of 1812'' (S.l., 1979), vii, 156 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5870380 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|155935|item|disp=FHL book 973 M23f}}.<br>
 +
*George K. Schweitzer, ''War of 1812 Genealogy'' (Knoxville, Tenn., 1983, 1995 ed.), 69 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9729637 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1046076|item|disp=FHL book 973 H27s 1995}} (with digital link).<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil07|Top of War of 1812]]</center>
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{{anchor|mil08}}
 +
<center>'''Civil War'''</center>
 +
{| width="75%" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;" class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" | Quick Links to Civil War
 +
|-
 +
| <center>[[#cw01|Records]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#cw02|Guides]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#cw03|History]]</center>
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <center>[[#cw04|Regimental Lists]]</center>
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| <center>[[#cw05|1st-11th Infantry]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#cw06|12th-24th Infantry]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#cw07|25th-37th Infantry]]</center>
 +
|-
 +
| <center>[[#cw08|38th-57th Infantry]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#cw09|58th Inf.+, Misc.,<br>Lt. Art., H. Art.]]</center>
 +
| <center>[[#cw10|H. Art. (4th+), Cav.,<br>Mass. Men (states), USA]]</center>
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <center>[[#cw11|USA (M-Z), Colored<br>Troops, USN, Marine Corps]]</center>
 +
|
 +
|}
 +
 +
Much work has gone into this section to create a first-class guide to Civil War resources relating to Massachusetts. Areas to improve are to add the regimental histories in the tables below under history and to cull out all relevant material from the National Archives holdings as has been done with the previous wars.
 +
 +
{{anchor|cw01}}
 +
 +
'''Federal Records:'''
 +
 +
The following are national records where information regarding Massachusetts soldiers and sailors may be found. This list was not compared to or include records found at the National Archives. It is only the list of ONLINE records from FamilySearch.org, Ancestry.com, and fold3.com.<br>
 +
 +
*Civil War Soldiers Index, [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1910717 FamilySearch.org] and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1138 Ancestry] ($).<br>This is an index to the [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] maintained by the National Park Service.<br>
 +
*Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865, [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1555 Ancestry] ($), compiled from [http://search.ancestry.com/oldsearch/rectype/military/cwrd/db.aspx? published sources]<br>
 +
*Consolidated Enrollment Lists, 1863-1865, [http://research.archives.gov/description/4213514 NARA ARC 4213514], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1666 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*Compiled Records showing service of Military Units in Volunteer Union Organizations, being NARA M594 series, 225 reels, Mass. on reels 75-82, scanned on [http://www.archive.org/stream/compiledrecordss0075unit#page/n1117/mode/2up Internet Archive].<br>
 +
*Civil War Prisoner of War Records, 1861-1865, database derived from NARA M598, M918, M1303, and M2072 series, [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1124 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1864-1866, [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1932430 FamilySearch.org], being NARA M1017 series.<br>
 +
*Civil War Service Records of Union Colored Troops, 1863-1865, [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1932431 FamilySearch.org], the NARA series was NOT identified.<br>
 +
*General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934, [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1919699 FamilySearch.org] [59% completed in Aug. 2013] and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4654 Ancestry] ($), being NARA T288 series.<br>
 +
*Civil War and later Pension Index, 1861-1917, [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1471019 FamilySearch.org] and [http://www.fold3.com/title_57/civil_war_and_later_veterans_pension_index/ fold3.com] ($), being NARA T289 series.<br>
 +
*Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files, [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1922519 United States FamilySearch.org] [4% indexing completed in Aug. 2013] and [http://www.fold3.com/title_24/civil_war_widows_pensions/ fold3.com] ($) [5% complete], the NARA series was NOT identified.<br>
 +
*Remarried Widows Index to Pension Applications, 1887-1942, [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1979426 FamilySearch.org] and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2402 Ancestry] ($), being NARA M1784 and M1785 series.<br>
 +
*Naval Enlistment Weekly Returns, 1855-1891, [http://www.fold3.com/title_777/naval_enlistment_weekly_returns_18551891/ fold3.com], being NARA M1953 series.<br>
 +
*Navy Pension Index, 1861-1910, derived from NARA M1274, M1279, M1408, and M1469 (see next four entries), [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1357 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*Navy Survivors' Certificates, [http://www.fold3.com/title_120/navy_survivors_certificates/ fold3.com] ($), being NARA M1469 series.<br>
 +
*Navy Survivors' Originals (Disapproved), [http://www.fold3.com/title_780/navy_survivors_originals_disapproved/ fold3.com]($), being NARA M1408 series.<br>
 +
*Navy Widows' Certificates, 1861-1910, [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1852605 FamilySearch.org] or [http://www.fold3.com/title_121/navy_widows_certificates/ fold3.com] ($), being NARA M1279 series.<br>
 +
*Navy Widows' Originals (Disapproved), 1861-1910, [http://www.fold3.com/title_783/navy_widows_originals_disapproved/ fold3.com] ($), being NARA M1274 series.<br>
 +
*Registers of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914, [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1880762 FamilySearch.org], being NARA M233 series [12% completed in Aug. 2013].<br>
 +
*Records of Headstones of Deceased Union Veterans, 1879-1903, [[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1913388 FamilySearch.org] and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1195 Ancestry] ($), being NARA M1845 series.<br>
 +
*Civil War Service Index - Union - Massachusetts (index cards), [http://www.fold3.com/title_794/massachusetts_index_cards/ fold3.com] ($), being NARA M544 series.<br>
 +
*Mass. 54th Infantry Regt. Records, [http://www.fold3.com/title_802/civil_war_ma_54th_infantry_regiment_records/ fold3.com] ($), being part of NARA M1659 series.<br>
 +
 +
'''State Records:'''
 +
 +
*Original state records are split between the [[#Archives|Massachusetts Archives]] and the [http://states.ng.mil/sites/MA/resources/museum/default.aspx National Guard Museum &amp; Archives] in Concord (see their [http://states.ng.mil/sites/MA/DevLibrary2/resources/museum/collections.htm#CivilWarUnion18611865 holdings online]).<br>
 +
*''Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the Civil War'' (Norwood or Brookline, Mass., 1931-1935), 8v.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/n3/mode/2up V. 1], [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol21931mass#page/n3/mode/2up v. 2], [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol31931mass#page/n3/mode/2up v. 3], [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/n3/mode/2up v. 4], [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/n3/mode/2up v. 5], [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol61931mass#page/n3/mode/2up v. 6], [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol71931mass#page/n3/mode/2up v. 7], and [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol81931mass#page/n3/mode/2up v. 8]) and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=29987 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/181349128 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|126762|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2ma v. #}} (with digital link) or {{FHL|783147|item|disp=FHL fiche 6083040}}.<br>''Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the Civil War - Index to Army Records'' (Boston, 1937), 634 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettssol1937mass#page/n3/mode/2up Internet Archive] and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=29986 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2208085 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|536436|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2ma index or film 238370}}.<br>
 +
*''A list of the soldiers, sailors, and marines of the war of the rebellion in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts on May 1, 1905, by cities and towns, arranged alphabetically'' (Boston, 1907), 201 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13085259 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*''A list of the soldiers, sailors, and marines of the Civil War surviving and resident in Massachusetts on April 1, 1915'' (Boston, 1916), 342 pp.<br>digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/listofsoldierssa00mass Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=iGgVAQAAMAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11384095 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1328764|item|disp=FHL film 1416911 Item 4}}.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil08|Top of Civil War]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|cw02}}
 +
 +
'''Guides:'''
 +
 +
*National Park Service's [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments.htm Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database] is searchable by name, regiment, cemetery, battle, prisoner, medal of honor, or monument.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil08|Top of Civil War]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|cw03}}
 +
 +
'''History:'''
 +
 +
*''Massachusetts Regiments in the Civil War, 1861-1865, their town, city or county origins and engagements in which they took part'' ([Boston], 1961), unpaginated.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/814821602 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Charles Emil Dornbusch, ''Military Bibliography of the Civil War'' (New York, 1971-2003), 4v.<br>Volume One has a list of regimental publications.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/159340 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|466396|item|disp=FHL book 973 M23d v. # or film 1036612 Items 1-3}}.<br>
 +
*James Lorenzo Bowen, ''Massachusetts in the War, 1861-1865'' (Springfield, Mass., 1889), xv, 1029 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/massachusettsinw00bowe Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=K0tLhkfW1wwC Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1986476 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|390556|item|disp=FHL film 1482275}} or {{FHL|783294|item|disp=FHL fiche 6083019}}.<br>
 +
*Phineas Camp Headley, ''Massachusetts in the Rebellion, a record of the historical position of the Commonwealth, and the services of the leading statesmen, the military, the colleges, and the people, in the Civil War of 1861-1865'' (Boston, 1866), xii 688 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/massachusettsinrx00head Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=2XMFAAAAQAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8406829 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Thomas Wentworth Higginson, ''Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the War of 1861-65'' (Boston, 1895-1896), 2v.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/massachusettsina01higg v. 1], [http://archive.org/details/massachusettsina21higg v. 2, pt. 1], and [http://archive.org/details/massachusettsina22higg v. 2, pt. 2]), Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=c6xQAAAAIAAJ v. 1] only), and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=27259 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/17469030 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|246168|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2ht or film 238371-238372 or fiche 6051395-6051396}} (with digital links).<br>
 +
*David Allen Lambert, "Vital Records of New England Civil War Veterans Abstracted from the organization Pension File Index" online at AmericanAncestors.org ($) ([http://www.americanancestors.org/vital-records-of-new-england-civil-war-veterans/ Part 1] and [http://www.americanancestors.org/vital-records-of-new-england-civil-war-veterans-part-2/ Part 2]).<br>
 +
*William Schouler, ''A History of Massachusetts in the Civil War'' (Boston, 1868-1871), 2v.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/ahistorymassach01schogoog v. 1] and [http://archive.org/details/ahistorymassach00schogoog v. 2]) and Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=Ocd3AAAAMAAJ v. 1] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=NgoTAAAAYAAJ v. 2]).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/777940749 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (2009 ed.); {{FHL|431757|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2scw v. # or fiche 6047929-6047930}}.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil08|Top of Civil War]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|cw04}}
 +
 +
'''Regimental Lists:'''
 +
 +
{| width="50%" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;" class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="8" | Abbreviations fo Mass. Civil War Unit Table
 +
|-
 +
| width="10%" | Art.
 +
| width="15%" | Artillery
 +
| width="10%" | Ass.
 +
| width="15%" | Assigned to
 +
| width="10%" | Batt.
 +
| width="15%" | Battalion
 +
| width="10%" | Cav.
 +
| width="15%" | Cavalry
 +
|-
 +
| width="10%" | Co.
 +
| width="15%" | Company
 +
| width="10%" | Col.
 +
| width="15%" | Colored
 +
| width="10%" | Disc.
 +
| width="15%" | Discharged
 +
| width="10%" | H. Art.
 +
| width="15%" | Heavy Artillery
 +
|-
 +
| width="10%" | Ind.
 +
| width="15%" | Independent
 +
| width="10%" | Inf.
 +
| width="15%" | Infantry
 +
| width="10%" | L. Art.
 +
| width="15%" | Light Artillery
 +
| width="10%" | Mil.
 +
| width="15%" | Militia
 +
|-
 +
| width="10%" | Mass.
 +
| width="15%" | Massachusetts
 +
| width="10%" | Must-I
 +
| width="15%" | Mustered In
 +
| width="10%" | Must-O
 +
| width="15%" | Mustered Out
 +
| width="10%" | Org.
 +
| width="15%" | Organized
 +
|-
 +
| width="10%" | Regt.
 +
| width="15%" | Regiment
 +
| width="10%" | Rif.
 +
| width="15%" | Riflemen
 +
| width="10%" | Ss.
 +
| width="15%" | Sharpshooter
 +
| width="10%" | Un.
 +
| width="15%" | Unassigned
 +
|-
 +
| width="10%" | Vol.
 +
| width="15%" | Volunteer
 +
| width="10%" |
 +
| width="15%" |
 +
| width="10%" |
 +
| width="15%" |
 +
| width="10%" |
 +
| width="15%" |
 +
|}
 +
 +
{{anchor|cw05}}<br>
 +
<center>'''Massachusetts Civil War Units<br>1st through 11th Infantry'''</center>
 +
{| width="95%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="3" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="5" | The information in the lists of Massachusetts Military Units comes from the [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier.
 +
|-
 +
| width="10%" align="center" | '''Unit Name'''
 +
| width="20%" align="center" | '''Type'''
 +
| width="15%" align="center" | '''Roster'''
 +
| width="20%" align="center" | '''Service'''
 +
| width="35%" align="center" | '''History'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 1st Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/n13/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | May 1861 - May 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0001RI Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 2nd Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/68/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| May 1861 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0002RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 3rd Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 3 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/148/mode/2up Co. A-L]
 +
| Apr. 1861 - July 1861<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0003RIM Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 3rd Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/166/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Sept. 1862 - June 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0003RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 4th Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 3 months)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/204/mode/2up Co. A-I]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Apr. 1861 - July 1861<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0004RIM2 Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 4th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/228/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Sept. 1862 - June 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0004RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 5th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 3 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/268/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Apr. 1861 - Aug. 1861<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0005RIM2 Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 5th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/300/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Sept. 1862 - July 1862<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0005RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 5th Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Militia<br>(Inf. - 100 days)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/336/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | July 1864 - Nov. 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0005RIM1 Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 6th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Militia<br>(Inf. - 3 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/370/mode/2up Co. A-L]
 +
| Apr. 1861 - Aug. 1861<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0006RIM2 Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 6th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(Mil. - 9 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/398/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Sept. 1862 - June 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0006RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 6th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 100 days)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/432/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| July 1864 - Oct. 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0006RIM1 Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 7th Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/468/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | June 1861 - June 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0007RI Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 8th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 3 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/516/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Apr. 1861 - Aug. 1861<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0008RIM2 Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 8th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/544/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Sept. 1862 - Aug. 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0008RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 8th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 100 days)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/582/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| July 1864 - Nov. 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0008RIM1 Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 9th Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/616/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | June 1861 - June 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0009RI Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 10th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/682/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| June 1861 - July 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0010RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 11th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol11931mass#page/734/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| June 1861 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0011RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil08|Top of Civil War]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|cw06}}<br>
 +
<center>'''Massachusetts Civil War Units<br>12th through 24th Infantry'''</center>
 +
{| width="95%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="3" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="5" | The information in the lists of Massachusetts Military Units comes from the [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier.
 +
|-
 +
| width="10%" align="center" | '''Unit Name'''
 +
| width="20%" align="center" | '''Type'''
 +
| width="15%" align="center" | '''Roster'''
 +
| width="20%" align="center" | '''Service'''
 +
| width="35%" align="center" | '''History'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 12th Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol21931mass#page/2/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Apr. 1861 - July 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0012RI Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 13th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol21931mass#page/68/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| May 1861 - Aug. 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0013RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 14th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.
 +
| n/a
 +
| n/a
 +
| Became 1st Regt. Mass. Vol. H. Art.
 +
|-
 +
| 15th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol21931mass#page/130/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| June 1861 - July 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0015RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 1st Co.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Ss.<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol21931mass#page/204/mode/2up Single unit]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Aug. 1861 - June 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0001CS Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Attached to 15th, 19th, &amp; 20th Regt. Mass. Vol. Inf. as "Andrew Sharpshooters."
 +
|-
 +
| 16th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol21931mass#page/214/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Apr. 1861 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0016RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 17th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol21931mass#page/270/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| May 1861 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0017RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 18th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol21931mass#page/348/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Aug. 1861 - Sept. 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0018RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 19th Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol21931mass#page/n417/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Aug. 1861 - July 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0019RI Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 20th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol21931mass#page/n501/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Aug. 1861 - July 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0020RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 21st Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol21931mass#page/n603/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| July 1861 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0021RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 22nd Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol21931mass#page/n657/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Aug. 1861 - Oct. 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0022RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 2nd Co.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Ss.<br> (3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol21931mass#page/n719/mode/2up Single unit]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Sept. 1861 - Oct. 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0002CS Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Attached to 22nd Regt. Mass. Vol. Inf.
 +
|-
 +
| 23rd Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol21931mass#page/n727/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Apr. 1861 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0023RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 24th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol21931mass#page/n783/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Sept. 1861 - Jan. 1866<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0024RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil08|Top of Civil War]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|cw07}}<br>
 +
<center>'''Massachusetts Civil War Units<br>25th through 37th Infantry'''</center>
 +
{| width="95%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="3" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="5" | The information in the lists of Massachusetts Military Units comes from the [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier.
 +
|-
 +
| width="10%" align="center" | '''Unit Name'''
 +
| width="20%" align="center" | '''Type'''
 +
| width="15%" align="center" | '''Roster'''
 +
| width="20%" align="center" | '''Service'''
 +
| width="35%" align="center" | '''History'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 25th Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol31931mass#page/n9/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Sept. 1861 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0025RI Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 26th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol31931mass#page/60/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Sept. 1861 - Sept. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0026RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 27th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol31931mass#page/120/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Sept. 1861 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0027RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 28th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol31931mass#page/188/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Sept. 1861 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0028RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 29th Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol31931mass#page/274/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | May 1861 - Aug. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0029RI Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 30th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol31931mass#page/332/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Sept. 1861 - July 1866<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0030RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 31st Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol31931mass#page/394/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Nov. 1861 - Sept. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0031RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 32nd Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol31931mass#page/448/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Nov. 1861 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0032RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 33rd Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol31931mass#page/536/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | June 1862 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0033RI Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 34th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol31931mass#page/588/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| July 1862 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0034RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 35th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol31931mass#page/644/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| July 1862 - June 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0035RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 36th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol31931mass#page/708/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Aug. 1862 - June 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0036RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 37th Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol31931mass#page/768/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Aug. 1862 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0037RI Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil08|Top of Civil War]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|cw08}}<br>
 +
<center>'''Massachusetts Civil War Units<br>38th through 57th Infantry'''</center>
 +
{| width="95%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="3" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="5" | The information in the lists of Massachusetts Military Units comes from the [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier.
 +
|-
 +
| width="10%" align="center" | '''Unit Name'''
 +
| width="20%" align="center" | '''Type'''
 +
| width="15%" align="center" | '''Roster'''
 +
| width="20%" align="center" | '''Service'''
 +
| width="35%" align="center" | '''History'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 38th Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/n9/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | July 1862 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0038RI Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 39th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/46/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Sept. 1862 - June 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0039RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 40th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/106/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Aug. 1862 - June 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0040RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 41st Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.
 +
| n/a
 +
| n/a
 +
| Became 3rd Regt. Mass. Vol. Cav.
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 42nd Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/150/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Aug. 1862 - July 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0042RI Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 43rd Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/230/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Aug. 1862 - July 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0043RIM Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 44th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/270/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Aug. 1862 - June 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0044RIM Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 45th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/308/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Aug. 1862 - July 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0045RIM Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 46th Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/348/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Aug. 1862 - July 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0046RIM Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 47th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/388/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Sept. 1862 - Sept. 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0047RIM Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 48th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/430/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Sept. 1862 - Sept. 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0048RIM Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 49th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/470/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Aug. 1862 - Sept. 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0049RIM Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 50th Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/508/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Aug. 1862 - Aug. 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0050RIM Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 51st Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/546/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Sept. 1862 - July 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0051RIM Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 52nd Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/584/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Aug. 1862 - Aug. 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0052RIM Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 53rd Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 9 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/620/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Aug. 1862 - Aug. 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0053RIM Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 54th Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Inf. (Col.)<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/656/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Feb. 1863 - Feb 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0054RI00C Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 55th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf. (Col.)<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/716/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| May 1863 - Sept. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0055RI00C Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 56th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/762/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Dec. 1862 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0056RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 57th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol41931mass#page/816/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Dec. 1863 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0057RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil08|Top of Civil War]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|cw09}}<br>
 +
<center>'''Massachusetts Civil War Units<br>58th Infantry, Light Artillery, and through 3rd Heavy Artillery'''</center>
 +
{| width="95%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="3" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="5" | The information in the lists of Massachusetts Military Units comes from the [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier.
 +
|-
 +
| width="10%" align="center" | '''Unit Name'''
 +
| width="20%" align="center" | '''Type'''
 +
| width="15%" align="center" | '''Roster'''
 +
| width="20%" align="center" | '''Service'''
 +
| width="35%" align="center" | '''History'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 58th Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/n9/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Jan. 1864 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0058RI Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 59th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/48/mode/2up Co. A-K, Un.]
 +
| Dec. 1863 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0059RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 60th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 100 days)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/92/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Aug. 1864 - Nov. 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0060RIM Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 61st Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(1 year)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/126/mode/2up Co. A-K]
 +
| Aug. 1864 - Aug. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0061RI Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 62nd Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Inf.<br>(1 year)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/164/mode/2up Co. A-D, Un.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mar. 1865 - May 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0062RI Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Regt. never fully organized; officers never mustered in
 +
|-
 +
| 1st-13th Unattached Co.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 90 days)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/180/mode/2up Single Cos.]
 +
| Apr. 1864 - Aug. 1864<br>Details for: [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0001CIM 1st]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0002CIM1 2nd]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0003CIM 3rd]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0004CIM 4th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0005CIM 5th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0006CIM 6th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0007CIM 7th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0008CIM 8th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0009CIM 9th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0010CIM 10th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0011CIM 11th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0012CIM 12th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0013CIM 13th]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 2nd, 15th-23rd Unattached Co.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 100 days)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/228/mode/2up Single Cos.]
 +
| July 1864 - Nov. 1864<br>Details for: [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0002CIM2 2nd]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0015CIM 15th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0016CIM 16th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0017CIM2 17th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0018CIM 18th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0019CIM 19th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0020CIM 20th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0021CIM 21th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0022CIM 22nd]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0023CIM 23rd]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 2nd,<br>17th-21st,<br>24th-27th Unattached Co.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(Inf. - 100 days re-enlisted)<br>(Inf. - 1 year)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/264/mode/2up Single Cos.]
 +
| Nov. 1864 - July 1865<br>Details for: [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0002CIM2 2nd]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0017CIM1 17th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0018CIM 18th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0019CI 19th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0020CIM 20th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0021CIM 21th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0024CI 24th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0025CI 25th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0026CI 26th]; [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0027CI 27th]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 3rd Batt. of Rifles
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(3 months)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/302/mode/2up Co. A-D]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Apr. 1861 - July 1861<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0003B0M Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 4th Batt. of Inf.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/316/mode/2up Single Cadet Units, Co. A-B]
 +
| May 1862 - Oct. 1862<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0004BIM Details]
 +
| Includes Boston and Salem Cadets Militia
 +
|-
 +
| Co. B, 7th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Militia<br>(Inf. - 6 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/332/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| June 1862 - Dec. 1862
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 1st Battery L. Art.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Mil.<br>(3 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/336/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| Apr. 1861 - Aug. 1861<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMACOOKCAL Details]
 +
| Called Cook's Battery
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 1st [Ind.] Battery
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/342/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Aug. 1861 - Oct. 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0001YAL Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 2nd [Ind.] Battery
 +
| Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/354/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| Apr. 1861 - Aug. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0002YAL Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 3rd [Ind.] Battery
 +
| Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/370/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| Sept. 1861 - Sept. 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0003YAL Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 4th [Ind.] Battery
 +
| Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/382/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| Sept. 1861 - Nov. 1864<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0004YAL Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 5th [Ind.] Battery
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/396/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Sept. 1961 - June 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0005YAL Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 6th [Ind.] Battery
 +
| Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/412/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| Fall 1861 - Aug. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0006YAL Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 7th [Ind.] Battery
 +
| Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(3 years - Re-enlisted)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/428/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| Apr. 1861 - Nov. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0007YAL Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 8th [Ind.] Battery
 +
| Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(6 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/444/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| May 1862 - Nov. 1862<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0008YAL Details]
 +
| Called Cook's Battery
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 9th [Ind.] Battery
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/452/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | July 1862 - June 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0009YAL Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 10th [Ind.] Battery
 +
| Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/466/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| Aug. 1862 - June 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0010YAL Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 11th [Ind.] Battery
 +
| Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(9 months)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/478/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| Aug. 1862 - July 1863<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0011YAL2 Details]
 +
| Called Jones' Battery
 +
|-
 +
| 11th [Ind.] Battery
 +
| Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/486/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| Dec. 1863 - June 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0011YAL1 Details]
 +
| Enlarged from 11th Ind. Battery (9 months)
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 12th [Ind.] Battery
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/494/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Sept. 1862 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0012YAL Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 13th [Ind.] Battery
 +
| Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/506/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| Oct. 1862 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0013YAL Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 14th [Ind.] Battery
 +
| Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/522/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| Jan. 1864 - June 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0014YAL Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 15th [Ind.] Battery
 +
| Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/532/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| Winter 1862 - Aug. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0015YAL Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 16th [Ind.] Battery
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. L. Art.<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/546/mode/2up Single Co.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mar. 1864 - July 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0016YAL Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 1st Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. H. Art.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/554/mode/2up Co. A-M, Un.]
 +
| June 1861 - Aug. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0001RAH Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 2nd Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. H. Art.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/656/mode/2up Co. A-M, Un.]
 +
| May 1863 - Sept. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0002RAH Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 3rd Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. H. Art.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol51931mass#page/770/mode/2up Co. A-M, Un.]
 +
| May 1863 - June 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0003RAH Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil08|Top of Civil War]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|cw10}}<br>
 +
<center>'''Massachusetts Civil War Units<br>4th+ Heavy Artillery, Calvary, Mass. Men in other States, and U.S. Army'''</center>
 +
{| width="95%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="3" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="5" | The information in the lists of Massachusetts Military Units comes from the [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier.
 +
|-
 +
| width="10%" align="center" | '''Unit Name'''
 +
| width="20%" align="center" | '''Type'''
 +
| width="15%" align="center" | '''Roster'''
 +
| width="20%" align="center" | '''Service'''
 +
| width="35%" align="center" | '''History'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 4th Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. H. Art.<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol61931mass#page/n7/mode/2up Co. A-M]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Aug. 1864 - June 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0004RAH Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | ---
 +
|-
 +
| 29th &amp; 30th Unattached Cos.
 +
| Mass. Vol. H. Art.<br>(1 year)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol61931mass#page/66/mode/2up Two Cos.]
 +
| Sept. 1864 - June 1865<br>Details: [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0029CAH 29th] and [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0030CAH 30th]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 1st Batt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. H. Art.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol61931mass#page/80/mode/2up Co. A-F, Un.]
 +
| Feb. 1862 - Oct. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0001BAH Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 1st Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Cav.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol61931mass#page/128/mode/2up Co. A-M, Un.]
 +
| Sept. 1861 - June 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0001RC Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 2nd Regt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Cav.<br>(3 years)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol61931mass#page/228/mode/2up Co. A-M, Un.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Dec. 1862 - Aug. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0002RC Details]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Cos. A, E, F, L, and M raised in California
 +
|-
 +
| 3rd Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Cav.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol61931mass#page/328/mode/2up Co. A-M, Read's Co., Un.]
 +
| Sept. 1861 - Oct. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0003RC Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 4th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Cav.<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol61931mass#page/420/mode/2up Co. A-M, Un.]
 +
| Feb. 1864 - Nov. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0004RC Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| 5th Regt.
 +
| Mass. Vol. Cav. (Col.)<br>(3 years)
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol61931mass#page/492/mode/2up Co. A-M, Un.]
 +
| Fall 1863 - Nov. 1865<br>[http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm?regiment_id=UMA0005RC00C Details]
 +
| ---
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | 1st Batt.
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Vol. Cav.<br>(1 year)
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol61931mass#page/544/mode/2up Co. A-E, Un.]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Winter 1864 - June 1865
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Attached to 26th Regt., N.Y. Cav., Frontier Cav.
 +
|-
 +
| n/a
 +
| n/a
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol61931mass#page/566/mode/2up by State served]
 +
| n/a
 +
| List of Mass. Men who served in 29 other states
 +
|-
 +
| n/a
 +
| Mass. Officers
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol61931mass#page/754/mode/2up alphabetical]
 +
| n/a
 +
| In the U.S. Army and U.S. Vol.
 +
|-
 +
| n/a
 +
| Mass. Soldiers
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol61931mass#page/778/mode/2up alphabetical, A-L]
 +
| n/a
 +
| In the U.S. Army and U.S. Vol.
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil08|Top of Civil War]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|cw11}}
 +
<center>'''Massachusetts Civil War Units<br>Mass. Men in U.S. Army, Veteran Reserve Corps, Colored Troops, U.S. Navy, and U.S. Marine Corps'''</center>
 +
{| width="95%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="3" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="5" | The information in the lists of Massachusetts Military Units comes from the [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier.
 +
|-
 +
| width="10%" align="center" | '''Unit Name'''
 +
| width="20%" align="center" | '''Type'''
 +
| width="15%" align="center" | '''Roster'''
 +
| width="20%" align="center" | '''Service'''
 +
| width="35%" align="center" | '''History'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | n/a
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Soldiers
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol71931mass#page/n11/mode/2up alphabetical, M-Z]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | n/a
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | In the U.S. Army and U.S. Vol.
 +
|-
 +
| n/a
 +
| Mass. Soldiers
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol71931mass#page/48/mode/2up alphabetical by Unit]
 +
| n/a
 +
| Misc. Units in U.S. Army and U.S. Vol.
 +
|-
 +
| n/a
 +
| Mass. Enlistments
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol71931mass#page/122/mode/2up alphabetical]
 +
| n/a
 +
| In Veteran Reserve Corps, originally the Invalid Corps
 +
|-
 +
| n/a
 +
| Mass. Officers
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol71931mass#page/288/mode/2up alphabetical]
 +
| n/a
 +
| In U.S. Colored Troops
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | n/a
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Soldiers
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol71931mass#page/316/mode/2up alphabetical]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | n/a
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | In U.S. Colored Troops
 +
|-
 +
| n/a
 +
| Mass. Officers
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol71931mass#page/418/mode/2up alphabetical]
 +
| n/a
 +
| In U.S. Navy
 +
|-
 +
| n/a
 +
| Enlisted Men
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol71931mass#page/534/mode/2up alphabetical, A-E]
 +
| n/a
 +
| In U.S. Navy
 +
|-
 +
| n/a
 +
| Enlisted Men
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol81931mass#page/n9/mode/2up alphabetical, F-Z]
 +
| n/a
 +
| In U.S. Navy
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | n/a
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Mass. Officers
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol81931mass#page/888/mode/2up alphabetical]
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | n/a
 +
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | In U.S. Marine Corps
 +
|-
 +
| n/a
 +
| Mass. Enlisted Men
 +
| [http://www.archive.org/stream/massachusettssol81931mass#page/888/mode/2up alphabetical]
 +
| n/a
 +
| In U.S. Marine Corps
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]] | [[#mil08|Top of Civil War]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|mil09}}
 +
<center>'''Spanish-American War'''</center>
 +
'''Federal Records:'''
 +
 +
The following are national records where information regarding Massachusetts soldiers and sailors may be found. This list was not compared to or include records found at the National Archives. It is only the list of ONLINE records from FamilySearch.org, Ancestry.com, and fold3.com.
 +
 +
*General Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers who Served During the War with Spain, [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1919583 FamilySearch.org], the NARA series was NOT identified, browsable only in alphabetical order; [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2400 Ancestry] ($) (searchable), NARA M871 series.<br>
 +
*General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934, [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1919699 FamilySearch.org] [59% completed in Aug. 2013] and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4654 Ancestry] ($), being NARA T288 series.<br>
 +
*Civil War and later Pension Index, 1861-1917, [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1471019 FamilySearch.org] and [http://www.fold3.com/title_57/civil_war_and_later_veterans_pension_index/ fold3.com] ($), being NARA T289 series.<br>
 +
 +
'''State Records:'''
 +
 +
*Original state records held by the [http://states.ng.mil/sites/MA/resources/museum/default.aspx National Guard Museum &amp; Archives] in Concord (see their [http://states.ng.mil/sites/MA/DevLibrary2/resources/museum/collections.htm#SpanishAmericanWar1898 holdings online]) and a small collection at the [[#Archives|Massachusetts Archives]] (see their [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colidx.htm#military holdings online]).<br>
 +
*Massachusetts Military records, 1817-1915, {{FHL|486195|item|disp=FHL film}} (see catalog entry for correct reel), the Spanish-American War arranged alphabetically by town name by branch of service.<br>
 +
*Military records, 1862-1865, 1898-1899, {{FHL|735057|item|disp=FHL film 2110413}}.<br>
 +
 +
'''History:'''
 +
 +
*Frank E. Edwards, ''The '98 campaign of the 6th Massachusetts, U.S.V.'' (Boston, 1899), xix 360 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/98campaignof6thm01edwa Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=_PsLAAAAIAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1383218 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*James A. Frye, ''The First Regiment Massachusetts Heavy Artillery: United States Volunteers, in the Spanish-American War of 1898'' (Boston, 1899), xvi, 258 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/firstregimentmas00frye Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=3_kLAAAAIAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/476117 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|81552|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2fj or film 1415264}}.<br>
 +
*Herbert O. Hicks and Fred A. Simmons, ''Company M and Adams in the War with Spain'' ([Adams, Mass.], 1899), 110 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/18594734 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|264136|item|disp=FHL book 974.41/A2 M2h}}.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/companymadamsinw00hick Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=1P4eAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>Berkshire Genealogist Indexing Committee, ''Index to Company M and Adams in the war with Spain'' (Pittsfield, Mass., 1995), 3 leaves.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39641300 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1368543|item|disp=FHL book 974.41/A2 M2h index}}.<br>
 +
*John J. McCoy, "The Irish Element in the Second Massachusetts Volunteers in the Recent War (with Spain)" in ''American Irish Historical Society Journal'', 2 [1899]: 85-88.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/journalamerican00obrgoog#page/n98/mode/2up Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480088 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1656828|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2i v. 1-2}}.<br>
 +
*Harry E. Webber, ''Twelve Months with the Eighth Massachusetts Infantry in the Service of the United States'' (Salem, Mass., 1908), 391 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/twelvemonthswith01webb Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=cG8tAAAAYAAJ Google Books], and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5070 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2613837 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|102701|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2whe or film 1425573 Item 5}} (with digital link).<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|mil10}}
 +
<center>'''World War I'''</center>
 +
'''Federal Records:'''
 +
 +
The following are national records where information regarding Massachusetts soldiers and sailors may be found. This list was not compared to or include records found at the National Archives. It is only the list of ONLINE records from FamilySearch.org, Ancestry.com, and fold3.com.<br>
 +
 +
*World War I Selective Service System draft registration cards, 1917-1918 - Massachusetts, {{FHL|746980|item|disp=FHL film 1684875 (1st of 162)}}.<br>Part of World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918, ONLINE at [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1968530 FamilySearch.org] or [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=6482 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*Selective service records, and, exemptions as aliens for 1917-1918 - Massachusetts, {{FHL|585815|item|disp=FHL film 1846563 Items 3-4}}.<br>
 +
*Index to Naturalizations of World War I Soldiers, 1918 , [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1858291 FamilySearch.org] or [http://www.fold3.com/title_107/naturalization_index_wwi_soldiers/ fold3.com] ($), being NARA M1952 series.<br>
 +
 +
'''State Records:'''
 +
 +
*Original state records held by the [http://states.ng.mil/sites/MA/resources/museum/default.aspx National Guard Museum &amp; Archives] in Concord (see their [http://states.ng.mil/sites/MA/DevLibrary2/resources/museum/collections.htm#WorldWarI19171918 holdings online]) or {{FHL|459748|item|disp=FHL film}} and {{FHL|476101|item|disp=FHL film}} (see catalog entry for correct film).<br>
 +
*Casualties from Massachusetts in World War I, 1918, Enlistments, Enrollments, Medical Examinations, Detachments, {{FHL|486195|item|disp=FHL film 1544205 (1st of 15)}}.<br>
 +
 +
'''History:'''
 +
 +
*William Mitchell Haulsee, ''Soldiers of the Great War'' [Registers of Dead] (Washington, D.C., 1920), 3v. (Mass. in v. 2).<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/soldiersgreatwa00doylgoog Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=vcwMAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1165817 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|285556|item|disp=FHL book 973 M23s or fiche 6051244}} (with digital link for v. 2 - Massachusetts).<br>
 +
*David Allen Lambert, "World War I Resources at NEHGS - A Bibliography" online at [http://www.americanancestors.org/world-war-I-resources-at-NEHGS/ AmericanAncestors.org] ($).<br>
 +
*Francis Andrew March, ''History of the World War: an authentic narrative of the World’s greatest war, including the treaty of peace and the League of Nation’s covenant'' (Philadelphia, 1919), 736 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historyofworldwa00marc Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=TXMpAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1179857 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Ashley Kay Nuckols, Deaths, American Expeditionary Force, W.W.I, 1917, 1918. Massachusetts ([Tazewell, Va.?, 1995]), 1v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/45166897 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1016344|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2nda v. 6}}.<br>
 +
*Eben Putnam, ''Report of the Commission on Massachusetts' Part in the World War'' (Boston, 1929-1931), 2v.<br>Digital version at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/reportofcommissi001comm v. 1] and[http://archive.org/details/reportofcommissi002comm v. 2]).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1842742 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|663337|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 M2pe v. # or film 1698087 Item 12}}.<br>
 +
*United States Bureau of Naval Personnel, ''Officers and enlisted personnel of the United States Naval Services who died during the World War'' (Washington, D.C., 1920; rep. Fairfield, Ca., 1989), 812 pp.<br>No digital version found.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1187918 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] or [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/25485604 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (reprint); Not at FHL.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|mil11}}
 +
<center>'''World War II'''</center>
 +
'''Federal Records:'''
 +
 +
The following are national records where information regarding Massachusetts soldiers and sailors may be found. This list was not compared to or include records found at the National Archives. It is only the list of ONLINE records from FamilySearch.org, Ancestry.com, and fold3.com.<br>
 +
 +
*World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946, at [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2028680 FamilySearch.org], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8939 Ancestry] ($), and [http://www.fold3.com/title_831/wwii_army_enlistment_records/ fold3.com] (free).<br>
 +
*World War II Navy Muster Rolls, 1938-1949, at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1143 Ancestry] ($) and [http://www.fold3.com/title_829/wwii_navy_muster_rolls/ fold3.com] ($) [50% complete in Aug. 2013].<br>
 +
*Selective Service System registration cards [World War II]&nbsp;: fourth registration, 1942, {{FHL|1191484|item|disp=FHL film 2371930 (1st of 166)}}.<br>Note: This "Old Man's" draft was for those born between 28 Apr. 1877 and 16 Feb. 1897, being NARA M2090 series.<br>ONLINE at [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1861144 FamilySearch.org] and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1002 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*World War II Cadet Nursing Corps Card Files, 1942-1948, at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2251 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*World War II Prisoners of War, 1941-1946, at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8919 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*Rosters of World War II Dead, 1939-1945, at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1102 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*World War II Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Casualties, 1941-1945, at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1122 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*World War II and Korean Conflict Veterans Interred Overseas, at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4283 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*Veterans Affairs Beneficiary Identification Records Locator Subsystem (BIRLS) Death File, at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2441 Ancestry] ($) and [http://www.fold3.com/title_848/veterans_affairs_birls_death_file/ fold3.com] (free).<br>
 +
 +
'''State Records:'''
 +
 +
Original state records held by the [http://www.mass.gov/veterans/cemeteries-and-honors/military-records/war-records-in-ma.html Military War Records Office] in Milford. General access to these records is restricted.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|mil12}}
 +
<center>'''Korean Conflict'''</center>
 +
'''Federal Records:'''
 +
 +
Many of the personnel files for this conflict were lost in a fire at the National Personnel Records Center fire in St. Louis. For more general information about researching this war, see this wiki's [https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/United_States_Korean_War_1950_to_1953 Korean War] page.<br>
 +
 +
The following are national records where information regarding Massachusetts soldiers and sailors may be found. This list was not compared to or include records found at the National Archives. It is only the list of ONLINE records from FamilySearch.org, Ancestry.com, and fold3.com.<br>
 +
 +
*Korean War Battle Deaths, 1950-1957, at [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2127893 FamilySearch.org] and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1033 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*Korean War Dead and Army Wounded, 1950-1953, at [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2127897 FamilySearch.org] and [http://www.fold3.com/title_838/korean_war_casualties/ fold3.com] ($).<br>
 +
*Korean War Prisoners of War, 1950-1954, at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8850 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*Korean War Repatriated Prisoners of War, 1950-1954, at [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2127902 FamilySearch.org].<br>
 +
*World War II and Korean Conflict Veterans Interred Overseas, at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4283 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
 +
'''State Records:'''
 +
 +
*Original state records held by the [http://www.mass.gov/veterans/cemeteries-and-honors/military-records/war-records-in-ma.html Military War Records Office] in Milford. General access to these records is restricted.<br>
 +
 +
'''History:'''
 +
 +
*Bevin R. Alexander, ''Korea: The First War We Lost'' (New York, 1986; rep. 2004), xv, 558 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/20994629 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Richard M. Bassett, ''And the Wind Blew Cold: The Story of an American POW in North Korea'' (Kent, Ohio, 2002), xiii, 117 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/748371333 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Albert D. Biderman, ''March to Calumny: The Story of American POW's in Korea'' (New York, 1963; rep. 1979), 326 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4956442 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*T. R. Fehrenbach, ''This Kind of War'' (New York, 1963; rep. many times), xi, 483 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/30074190 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*James I. Matray, ed., ''Historical Dictionary of the Korean War'' (New York, 1991), xxxiii, 626 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/22766347 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|532148|item|disp=FHL book 973 M26h}}.<br>
 +
*Jarry G. Summers, ''Korean War Almanac'' (New York, 1990), xv, 330 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19722569 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|369813|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2su}}.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|mil13}}
 +
<center>'''Vietnam Conflict'''</center>
 +
For general information on research this war, see this wiki's [https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/United_States_Vietnam_War_1964_to_1972 Vietnam War page].<br>
 +
 +
'''Federal Records:'''
 +
 +
The following are national records where information regarding Massachusetts soldiers and sailors may be found. This list was not compared to or include records found at the National Archives. It is only the list of ONLINE records from FamilySearch.org, Ancestry.com, and fold3.com.<br>
 +
 +
*Military Fatal Casualties of the Vietnam War for Massachusetts, download [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/vietnam-war/casualty-lists/ma-alpha.pdf pdf file here].<br>
 +
*Military Personnel who Died During the Vietnam War, 1956-2003, at [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2127916 FamilySearch.org].<br>
 +
*Records on Military Personnel Who Died, Were Missing in Action or Prisoners of War as a Result of the Vietnam War, documenting the period 8 June 1956 - 21 Jan. 1998, [http://aad.archives.gov/aad/series-description.jsp?s=512&cat=WR28&bc=,sl search online database] and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3095 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*Vietnam War, Casualties Returned Alive, 1962-1979, at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8846 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Washington, D.C., images at [http://www.fold3.com/title_485/vietnam_veterans_memorial/ fold3.com] (free).<br>
 +
 +
'''State Records:'''
 +
 +
Original state records held by the [http://states.ng.mil/sites/MA/resources/museum/default.aspx National Guard Museum &amp; Archives] in Concord (see their [http://states.ng.mil/sites/MA/DevLibrary2/resources/museum/collections.htm#VietnamWar19641975 holdings online])
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Military|Top of Military]]</center>
  
 
=== Immigration  ===
 
=== Immigration  ===
  
 +
{| width="40%" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;" class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="2" | Quick Links to Immigration Records
 +
|-
 +
| [[#imm01|Passenger Lists]]
 +
| [[#imm02|Naturalization Records]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[#imm03|Other Records]]
 +
| [[#imm04|Bibliography]]
 +
|}
 +
 +
There are many types of records to help researchers with a better understanding of their immigrant's arrival to the United States. Presented here are the two main groups: passenger lists and naturalization records. Other records would include passports, border crossings, and special collections. Each section has a specific bibliography and a general list is found from the links above.
 +
 +
{{anchor|imm01}}
 +
 +
==== Passenger Lists  ====
 +
 +
{| width="50%" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;" class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" | Quick Links to Passenger Lists
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| [[#imm01|Introduction]]
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <center>Records:</center>
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[#pass01|Boston]]
 +
| [[#pass02|Chicopee]]
 +
| [[#pass03|Fall River]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[#pass04|Gloucester]]
 +
| [[#pass05|New Bedford]]
 +
| [[#pass06|Provincetown]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[#pass07|Salem/Beverly]]
 +
| [[#pass08|Woods Hole]]
 +
| [[#pass09|Misc. Ports]]
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| [[#pass10|Online Records]]
 +
|
 +
|}
 +
<center>'''Introduction'''</center>
 +
Immigration records, i.e. passenger lists, started in the modern sense by the Commonwealth in 1848, though customs manifest records survive back to 1820 for Boston. Federal law required manifests in 1883 and took over the creation of these records in 1891. The earlier original records are at the Massachusetts Archives and the post-1890 record with the National Archives and Records Administration. The contact information for both [[#Archives|archives]] is found below.<br>
 +
 +
These passenger lists get more detailed as time goes on. The earliest records include the name of the vessel, the Master of the vessel, embarkation port, arrival port, arrival date, names of passengers (their age, sex, occupation, country of origin). More details such as a contact/nearest relative at home, who they are coming to see in the U.S., and other such information.<br>
 +
 +
It was often cheaper to go to Canada first and then continue on to the United States. Between 1 Aug. 1891 and 30 Apr. 1904, records of immigrants traveling from or via Halifax, St. John, and Yarmouth to Boston were filed at Boston. Between 1 May 1904 and 30 June 1929, these records were examined in Canada and not examined in Boston, so their records were filed with the Canadian Border Arrival Records (St. Albans records, NARA publications M1461, M1463, M1464).
 +
 +
NOTE: NARA is used below to mean the National Archives and Records Administration.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]] || [[#imm01|Top of Passenger Lists]]</center> <center>'''Records'''<br>[Note: NARA link will give location of records]</center>
 +
{{anchor|pass01}} '''Boston'''
 +
 +
[ONLINE records]<br>
 +
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1860873 Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891].<br>Note: There are gaps in the records from 1855-1856, and between 31 Mar. 1874 to April 1883. The Massachusetts Archives records below do not have the second gap of nine years.<br>
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1923995 Boston Passenger Lists, 1891-1943].<br>
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2173946 Boston Passenger Lists Index, 1899-1940] [browsable only].<br>
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2173944 Boston Crew Lists, 1917-1943].<br>
 +
 +
[MICROFILM records]<br>
 +
 +
*Records Relating to Passengers [Boston District], 1820-1891, [http://research.archives.gov/description/4672217 NARA RG 36 NC-154 Inv. 511A] (copies or abstracts only).<br>Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston, 1820–1891: with index 1848–1891, {{FHL|70879|item|disp=FHL film 205656 (first of 397 films)}}.<br>Note: There are gaps in the records from 1855-1856, and between 31 Mar. 1874 to April 1883. The Massachusetts Archives records below do not have the second gap of nine years.<br>
 +
*Registers of passengers arriving in Massachusetts ports, 1848-1891, at the [[#Archives|Massachusetts Archives]], {{FHL|1359597|item|disp=FHL film 2412195 (first of 42)}}.<br>
 +
*Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston, 1891-1943, [http://research.archives.gov/description/4319742 NARA T843].<br>
 +
*Book Indexes to Boston Passenger Lists, 1899-1940, [http://research.archives.gov/description/4283812 NARA T790] (chronological).<br>
 +
*Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston, Jan. 1944-Nov. 1954, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2668739 NARA HMS P116].<br>
 +
*Passenger Lists of Vessels Departing from Boston, 06/1948-11/1954, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2674842 NARA HMS P172].<br>
 +
*Index to Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston, 1 Jan. 1902-31 Dec. 1920, [http://research.archives.gov/description/4294442 NARA HMS A1-48].<br>Records, 1902-1906, microfilmed on T617 series and indexed on T521 series.<br>Records, 1906-1920, unpublished microfilm and index.<br>
 +
*Index to Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston, 1921-1949, [http://research.archives.gov/description/4477836 NARA A3453].<br>
 +
*Passenger and Crew Manifests of Airplanes Arriving at Boston, Feb. 1945-Nov. 1954, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2669077 NARA HMS P119].<br>
 +
*Passenger Lists of Vessels Departing from Boston and Arriving at Yarmouth, N.S., June 1948-Sept. 1953, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2674882 NARA HMS P173].<br>
 +
*Passenger and Crew Manifests of Airplanes Departing from Boston, Jan. 1948-Nov. 1954, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2674909 NARA HMS P169].<br>
 +
*Passenger Lists of Vessels Departing from Yarmouth, N.S., and Arriving at Boston, June 1949-Sept. 1954, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2668810 NARA MHS P114].<br>
 +
*Passenger and Crew Manifests of Vessels and Airplanes Arriving at Boston, Dec. 1954-June 1983, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2669073 NARA HMS P117] (records over 50 years accessible).<br>
 +
*Passenger and Crew Lists of Vessels and Airplanes Departing from Boston, Dec. 1954-Nov. 1974, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2674817 NARA HMS P171] (records over 50 years accessible).<br>
 +
*Passenger and Crew Manifests of Airplanes Arriving at Boston, Dec. 1957-Nov. 1969, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2674785 NARA HMS P120].<br>
 +
*Passenger and Crew Manifests of Airplanes Departing from Boston, Dec. 1957-Nov. 1969, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2674794 NARA HMS P170].<br>
 +
 +
{{anchor|pass02}}
 +
 +
'''Chicopee'''
 +
 +
*Passenger and Crew Manifests of Airplanes Arriving at Westover Air Force Base, Chicopee, 28 Jan. 1946-28 June 1955, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2990047 NARA HMS P454].<br>
 +
*Passenger and Crew Manifests of Airplanes Departing from Westover Air Force Base in Chicopee, 1 May 1948-31 May 1955, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2990054 NARA HMS P455].<br>
 +
 +
{{anchor|pass03}}
 +
 +
'''Fall River'''
 +
 +
*[Fall River District] Passenger Lists, June 1834-Nov. 1855, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2934412 NARA no number].<br>Note: There are no records for the period October 1836 to June 1838, October 1838 to July 1840, and November 1847 to September 1855.<br>
 +
*[Fall River District] List of Passengers Arriving from Foreign Countries and Returns of the Agent of the Marine Hospital, Apr. 1862-Dec. 1865, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2934330 NARA no number].<br>
 +
*Passenger and Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at Providence, Davisville, Melville, Newport, Quonset Point, and Tiverton, R.I.; Fall River, Mass.; and New London, Conn., Aug. 1918-Nov. 1954, [http://research.archives.gov/description/4051444 NARA A3468].<br>
 +
*Passenger and Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at Fall River, Mar. 1955-Mar. 1957, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2839401 NARA HMS P456].<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]] || [[#imm01|Top of Passenger Lists]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|pass04}}
 +
 +
'''Gloucester'''
 +
 +
*[Gloucester District] Passenger Lists, 1905-1905, [http://research.archives.gov/description/4481607 NARA RG 36 NC-154 Inv. 402].<br>
 +
*Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Gloucester, Oct. 1906-Mar. 1942, [http://research.archives.gov/description/4319760 NARA M1321].<br>Guide at {{FHL|1377181|item|disp=FHL book 973 J53m no. 1321}} or {{FHL|719583|item|disp=FHL film 2155646}}.<br>
 +
*Passenger Lists of Vessels Departing from Gloucester, Dec. 1960-Jan. 1966, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2694764 NARA HMS P215] (records over 50 years accessible).<br>
 +
 +
{{anchor|pass05}}
 +
 +
'''New Bedford'''
 +
 +
*[New Bedford District] Records Relating to Passengers, 1820-1940, [http://research.archives.gov/description/4728348 NARA RG 36 NC-154 Inv. 588-591].<br>Includes Inward Passenger Lists, 1821-1899 (588); Outward Passenger Lists, 1867-1870, 1872-1899 (589); Abstracts of Passenger Lists, 1820-1852, 1861-1865, 1877-1894 (590); Abstracts of Passenger Departures, 1877-1893 (590A); Index to Inward Passenger Lists, 1875-1894 (591).<br>
 +
*Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New Bedford, 1 July 1902-July 1942, [http://research.archives.gov/description/4397773 NARA T944].<br>
 +
*Index to Passengers Arriving at New Bedford, 1 July 1902-18 Nov. 1954, [http://research.archives.gov/description/4489229 NARA T522].<br>
 +
*Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at New Bedford, May 1917-Dec. 1943, [http://research.archives.gov/description/4492823 NARA T942].<br>
 +
*Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New Bedford, 14 Dec. 1945-18 Nov. 1954, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2990078 NARA HMS P463].<br>
 +
*Passenger Lists of Vessels Departing from New Bedford, 27 Feb. 1959-11 Aug. 1966, [http://research.archives.gov/description/3432820 NARA HMS P620] (records over 50 years accessible).<br>
 +
*Passenger and Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at New Bedford, 5 Apr. 1945-7 July 1978, [http://research.archives.gov/description/2990065 NARA HMS P464] (records over 50 years accessible).<br>
 +
 +
{{anchor|pass06}}
 +
 +
'''Provincetown'''
 +
 +
*Passenger Lists for Provincetown, 1887-1895, and Abstracts of Passenger Lists, 1820-1826, [http://research.archives.gov/description/4478173 NARA RG 36 NC-154 Inv. 554-555].<br>
 +
 +
{{anchor|pass07}}
 +
 +
'''Salem and Beverly District'''
 +
 +
*Reports of Alien Passengers Used in the Settlement of French Spoliation Claims, 1798-1800, [http://research.archives.gov/description/3997625 NARA NC-154 442].<br>
 +
*Passenger Lists, 1815-1883, [http://research.archives.gov/description/5554422 NARA no number].<br>
 +
 +
{{anchor|pass08}}
 +
 +
'''Woods Hole'''
 +
 +
*Passenger and Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at Woods Hole, 9 Mar. 1955-19 Sept. 1968, [http://research.archives.gov/description/3033374 NARA HMS P529] (records over 50 years accessible).<br>
 +
 +
{{anchor|pass09}}
 +
 +
'''Miscellaneous Ports'''
 +
 +
*Copies of Lists of Passengers Arriving at Miscellaneous Ports on the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts and at Ports on the Great Lakes, 1820-1873, [http://www.archives.gov/research/immigration/port/atlantic-gulf-great-lakes.html#m575 NARA M575].<br>A Supplemental Index to Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Atlantic and Gulf Coast Ports (excluding New York) 1820–1874, [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m334.pdf NARA M334], {{FHL|67478|item|disp=FHL films 418161–4181348}}.<br>These records include the ports of Barnstable (1820-1826), Dighton (1820-1836), Edgartown (1820-1870), Fall River (1837-1865), Gloucester (1820-1870), Marblehead (1820-1849), Nantucket (1830-1862), New Bedford (1826-1852), Newburyport (1821-1839), and Plymouth (1821-1844).<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]] || [[#imm01|Top of Passenger Lists]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|pass10}}
 +
<center>'''Online records'''</center>
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1860873 Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1891] at FamilySearch.org.<br> This is the National Archives M277 series. There are gaps in the records from 1855-1856, and between 31 Mar. 1874 to April 1883. The latter gap can be found in the records at the [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcsrch/PassengerManifestSearchContents.html Massachusetts Archives].<br>
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1923995 Boston Passenger Lists, 1891-1943], at FamilySearch.org.<br>This is the National Archives T843 series. It is currently [July 2013] only browsable by volumes (records are in chronological order).<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]] || [[#imm01|Top of Passenger Lists]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|imm02}}
 +
 +
==== Naturalization Records  ====
 +
 +
{| width="50%" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;" class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="4" | Quick Links to Naturalization Records
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| [[#nat00|Introduction]]
 +
| [[#nat30|Bibliography]]
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| '''Federal:'''
 +
| [[#nat01|Barnstable]]
 +
| [[#nat02|Berkshire]]
 +
| [[#nat03|Bristol]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[#nat04|Dukes]]
 +
| [[#nat05|Essex]]
 +
| [[#nat06|Franklin]]
 +
| [[#nat07|Hampden]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[#nat08|Hampshire]]
 +
| [[#nat09|Middlesex]]
 +
| [[#nat10|Nantucket]]
 +
| [[#nat11|Norfolk]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[#nat12|Plymouth]]
 +
| [[#nat13|Suffolk]]
 +
| [[#nat14|Worcester]]
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| '''State:'''
 +
| [[Barnstable County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Barnstable]]
 +
| [[Berkshire County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Berkshire]]
 +
| [[Bristol County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Bristol]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Dukes County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Dukes]]
 +
| [[Essex County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Essex]]
 +
| [[Franklin County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Franklin]]
 +
| [[Hampden County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Hampden]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Hampshire County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Hampshire]]
 +
| [[Middlesex County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Middlesex]]
 +
| [[Nantucket County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Nantucket]]
 +
| [[Norfolk County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Norfolk]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Plymouth County, Massachusetts Genealogy#Naturalization_Records|Plymouth]]
 +
| [[Suffolk County, Massachusetts#mcr04|Suffolk]]
 +
| [[Worcester County, Massachusetts#Naturalization_Records|Worcester]]
 +
| [[#nat29|Sec. of State]]
 +
|}
 +
 +
{{anchor|nat00}}
 +
<center>'''Introduction'''</center>
 +
The first uniform laws to govern the naturalization process were enacted in 1790. The purpose was to give rights to the foreign-born man (and woman after 1922) as if he was a native-born man. Depending on the period, this would include owning land and voting. Any court in the land could naturalize a man, but all that was consolidated under a federal system in 1906. The declaration of intent, with some exceptions, was the first step in the process (sometimes called first papers). This often was files within the first couple years of residency. The second and third steps were to petition for citizenship and to receive a certificate of citizenship from the court petitioned. This could be filed as soon as one to three years after the declaration, though it may not be in the same court or state as the declaration. These were sometimes called the final or second papers). This guide is to the records covering the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and is broken down into those records held by the federal government and those held by the state. Index cards usually include the name of the immigrant, age, birth date, place and date of certificate of admission, petition number, and occasionally the spouse's name. Read the [[United States Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization and Citizenship]] section for the United States to learn more about the whole process.<br>
 +
<center>'''Federal Naturalization Records for Massachusetts'''</center>
 +
{| width="100%" border="1" class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! width="125" scope="col" | Record
 +
! width="100" scope="col" | Dates
 +
! width="125" scope="col" | Location
 +
! width="175" scope="col" | Index
 +
! width="350" scope="col" | Microfilm/Online
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-001-049.html#21 U.S. District Court<br>of Massachusetts]
 +
| 1789-1991
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham], RG 21
 +
|
 +
| [http://research.archives.gov/description/595176 Petitions and Records of Naturalization of the U.S. District Court and Circuit Courts of the District of Massachusetts], 1906-1929, M1368.<br>Petitions and Records, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/573146 FHL film 1578248 (1st of 55)]<br>ONLINE at [http://www.fold3.com/title_112/naturalizations-ma/ fold3] ($).<br>-----<br>Index to Naturalization Petitions and Records of the U.S. District Court, 1906-1966, and the U.S. Circuit Court, 1906-1911, for the District of Massachusetts, M1545, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (first of 117)].<br>ONLINE at [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1834334 Massachusetts Naturalization Index, 1906-1966], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1192 Ancestry] ($), and [http://www.fold3.com/title_98/naturalization-index-ma/ fold3] ($).<br>-----<br>NARA, RG 21, Primary declarations, 1798-1946, Naturalization records, 1790-1906, Petitions, #1195587-2353923, Certified declarations, v. 131-257, Index to declarations, 1912-1940, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1257420 FHL film 2416289 (1st of 498)]<br>-----<br>NARA, RG 21, Naturalization records, 1845-1906 (#1-449-103), Declarations, 1845-1911, Depositions of witnesses (#1-290739), and Index to declarations, 1906-1911, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1344633 FHL film 2414774 (1st of 191)]<br>-----<br>Petitions, v. 1 (ca. 1787-1906) ['''film only'''], v. 2-252 (1847-1902) ['''digital only'''], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2098233 FHL Digital Capture 7048053 (1st of 254)] (part of index below)<br>-----<br>Repatriation of soldiers, 1918-1941, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1376353 FHL film 2416188 Item 1]<br>-----<br>Repatriation of women who married non-American citizens, 1936-1945, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1376354 FHL film 2416188, 2416217]<br>-----<br>Overseas military naturalization petitions, 1943-1945, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1376357 FHL film 2416218]<br>-----<br>Index to declarations, 1943-1955, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1201470 FHL films 2371827-2371828]
 +
|-
 +
| U.S. Circuit Court<br>of Massachusetts
 +
| 1790-1911
 +
| See above.
 +
| See above.
 +
| See above.
 +
|-
 +
| Consolidated court index
 +
| 1790-1906<br>1907-1926
 +
| U.S. District Court, Boston
 +
| An index
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/393728 FHL film 1420205 (1st of 17)]
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service]
 +
| 1787-1955
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham], RG 85
 +
| Soundex index card file at NARA - Waltham
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2064580 Petitions for Naturalization, 1787-1931] (browsable by county, then court, as of July 2013 - no Dukes, Essex, Franklin, Hampden, or Hampshire county records).<br>Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1299.pdf M1299].<br>ONLINE at [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906].
 +
|-
 +
| {{anchor|nat01}}<br>'''Barnstable Co.'''
 +
|-
 +
| Supreme Judicial Ct.
 +
| 1827-1886
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173425 FHL Digital Capture 7469485] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| {{anchor|nat02}}<br>'''Berkshire Co.'''
 +
|-
 +
| Southern Dist. Ct. (Gt. Barrington) - Naturalization records
 +
| 1886-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173410 FHL Digital Capture 7469512-7469514] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Fourth Dist. Ct. (Adams) - Petitions and Naturalizations
 +
| 1895-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173407 FHL Digital Capture 7469515-7469519] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Lee Police Ct. - Naturalization records
 +
| 1900-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173411 FHL Digital Capture 7469519] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| North Adams Dist. Ct. - Naturalization records
 +
| 1891-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173414 FHL Digital Capture 7469497-7469511] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Pittsfield Court of Common Pleas - Naturalization records
 +
| 1787-1860
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173415 FHL Digital Capture 7469486-7469496] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Pittsfield Dist. Ct. - Naturalization records
 +
| 1885-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173416 FHL Digital Capture 7485672-7485676] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Supreme Judicial Court (Pittsfield) - Naturalization records
 +
| 1787-1876
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173418 FHL Digital Capture 7485685-7485695] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| {{anchor|nat03}}<br>'''Bristol Co.'''
 +
| <br>1st Dist.
 +
| <br>Taunton
 +
|-
 +
| Supreme Judicial Ct.
 +
| 1814-1885
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173422 FHL Digital Capture 7510302 (1st of 4)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Ct. of Common Pleas
 +
| 1805-1867
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173419 FHL Digital Capture 7510270 (1st of 6)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Superior Court
 +
| 1856-1885
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173421 FHL Digital Capture 7510290 (1st of 6)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| District Court
 +
| 1885-1895
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173420 FHL Digital Capture 7510282 (1st of 3)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| <br>'''Bristol Co.'''
 +
| <br>2nd Dist.
 +
| <br>Fall River
 +
|-
 +
| District Court
 +
| 1885-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173409 FHL Digital Capture 7485697 (1st of 31)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| <br>'''Bristol Co.'''
 +
| <br>3rd Dist.
 +
| <br>New Bedford
 +
|-
 +
| District Court
 +
| 1885-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173413 FHL Digital Capture 7497800 (1st of 13)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| <br>'''Bristol Co.'''
 +
| <br>4th Dist.
 +
| <br>Attleboro
 +
|-
 +
| District Court
 +
| 1904-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2173408 FHL Digital Capture 7485696] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| {{anchor|nat04}}<br>'''Dukes Co.'''
 +
| No federal records as yet digitized at NARA
 +
|-
 +
| {{anchor|nat05}}<br>'''Essex Co.'''
 +
| No federal records as yet digitized at NARA
 +
|-
 +
| {{anchor|nat06}}<br>'''Franklin Co.'''
 +
| No federal records as yet digitized at NARA
 +
|-
 +
| {{anchor|nat07}}<br>'''Hampden Co.'''
 +
| No federal records as yet digitized at NARA
 +
|-
 +
| {{anchor|nat08}}<br>'''Hampshire Co.'''
 +
| No federal records as yet digitized at NARA
 +
|-
 +
| {{anchor|nat09}}<br>'''Middlesex Co.'''
 +
|-
 +
| Ct. of Common Pleas<br>Supreme Judicial Ct.
 +
| 1809-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109612 FHL Digital Capture 7117754 (1st of 15)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| First Dist. Ct.<br>No. Middlesex (Ayer) - Records
 +
| 1887-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109613 FHL Digital Capture 7117737, 7117739] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| First Dist. Ct.<br>So. Middlesex (Framingham) - Records
 +
| 1885-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109617 FHL Digital Capture 7137302 (1st of 3)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| First Dist. Ct.<br>E. Middlesex (Malden) - Records
 +
| 1885-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109615 FHL Digital Capture 7156001 (1st of 13)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| First Dist. Ct.<br>E. Middlesex (Waltham) - Records
 +
| 1885-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109614 FHL Digital Capture 7173060-7173066] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Fourth Dist. Ct.<br>E. Middlesex (Woburn) - Records
 +
| 1885-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109607 FHL Digital Capture 7173043-7173047] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Lowell Dist Ct. - Records
 +
| 1836-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109616 FHL Digital Capture 7137236 (1st of 55)] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Marlborough Dist. Ct. - Records
 +
| 1885-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109610 FHL Digital Capture 7173056-7173059] (part of above); Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| {{anchor|nat10}}<br>'''Nantucket Co.'''
 +
|-
 +
| Court of Common Pleas<br> Supreme Judicial Ct.
 +
| 1804-1903
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109618 FHL Digital Capture 7173072-7173083]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| {{anchor|nat11}}<br>'''Norfolk Co.'''
 +
|-
 +
| Superior Court<br>Court of Common Pleas<br>Supreme Judicial Court<br>Dist. Ct. (Dedham)
 +
| 1804-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109619 FHL Digital Capture 7187235 (1st of 8)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Dist. Ct. (Quincy)
 +
| 1886-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109623 FHL Digital Capture 7187245-7187252]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Dist. Ct. (Stoughton)
 +
| 1891-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109621 FHL Digital Capture 7187241-7187242]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Dist. Ct. (Walpole)
 +
| 1900-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109622 FHL Digital Capture 7187243-7187244]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| {{anchor|nat12}}<br>'''Plymouth Co.'''
 +
|-
 +
| Court of Common Pleas
 +
| 1812-1858
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2195357 FHL Digital Capture 7187259-7187263]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Supreme Judicial Court
 +
| 1818-1877
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2195368 FHL Digital Capture 7187319]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Superior Court
 +
| 1860-1885
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109626 FHL Digital Capture 7187293 (1st of 9)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| [First?] District Court (Brockton)
 +
| 1886-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109627 FHL Digital Capture 7187264 (1st of 16)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Second District Court (Abington/Hingham)
 +
| 1887-1903
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109624 FHL Digital Capture 7187254-7187256]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Third District Court (Plymouth)
 +
| 1885-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2195377 FHL Digital Capture 7187321 (1st of 3)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Fourth District Court (Middleborough/Wareham)
 +
| 1885-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109625 FHL Digital Capture 7187257-7187258]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| {{anchor|nat13}}<br>'''Suffolk Co.'''
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| NOTE: The only court hearing naturalizations in Suffolk County from Sept. 1906 to 1991 was the U.S. Federal District Court
 +
|-
 +
| Supreme Judicial Court
 +
| 1790-1845
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109628 FHL Digital Capture 7208356 (1st of 15)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| U.S. Circuit Court
 +
| 1845-1878
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2135111 FHL Digital Capture 7239020 (1st of 471)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Superior Court (Civil)
 +
| 1856-1884
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2136927 FHL Digital Capture 7208272 (1st of 29)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Superior Court (Criminal)
 +
| 1860-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2115466 FHL Digital Capture 7208301 (1st of 33)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Boston Municipal Court
 +
| 1806-1859<br>1885-1905
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, 1806-1859, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2136977 FHL Digital Capture 7221557 (1st of 36)]; Petitions, 1885-1905, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2142891 FHL Digital Capture 7221555]<br>All part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Charlestown District Municipal Court
 +
| 1902-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2115467 FHL Digital Capture 7221654 (1st of 3)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Chelsea Police Court
 +
| 1886-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2115468 FHL Digital Capture 7221660 (1st of 8)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Dorchester District Municipal Court
 +
| 1902-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2115469 FHL Digital Capture 7239072]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Roxbury District Municipal Court
 +
| 1885-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2115465 FHL Digital Capture 7239038 (1st of 4)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| West Roxbury District Municipal Court
 +
| 1892-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2142911 FHL Digital Capture 7239057]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| {{anchor|nat14}}<br>'''Worcester Co.'''
 +
|-
 +
| Superior Court
 +
| 1837-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, v. 1-37, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126512 FHL Digital Capture 7254629 (1st of 50)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Court of Common Pleas
 +
| 1798-1859
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126513 FHL Digital Capture 7254571 (1st of 5)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Western Worcester District Court (Brookfield)
 +
| 1902-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2115473 FHL Digital Capture 7239085]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| First Eastern Worcester District Court (Westborough)
 +
| 1892-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126524 FHL Digital Capture 7254581]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Second Eastern Worcester District Court (Clinton)
 +
| 1885-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2115470 FHL Digital Capture 7239092 (1st of 9)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| First Northern Worcester District Court (Gardner)
 +
| 1883-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions (#2-1244), [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126525 FHL Digital Capture 7254585 (1st of 6)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| First Southern Worcester District Court (Southbridge)
 +
| 1898-1905
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions (#1-576), [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126526 FHL Digital Capture 7254595]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Third Southern Worcester District Court (Milford)
 +
| 1900-1903
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions (#1-445), [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126529 FHL Digital Capture 7254634-7254635]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Central Worcester District Court
 +
| 1885-1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, v. 1-29, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2142588 FHL Digital Capture 7270457 (1st of 29)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Fitchburg Police Court
 +
| 1885-1904
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions (#1-2272), [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126528 FHL Digital Capture 7239079 (1st of 7)]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Winchendon District Court
 +
| 1906
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions (#9-46), [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2126511 FHL Digital Capture 7254559]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|-
 +
| Worcester Police Court
 +
| 1851-1854
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
 +
| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
 +
| Petitions, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2142634 FHL Digital Capture 7283185-7283187]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]] || [[#Naturalization_Records|Top of Naturalization]]</center>
 +
<br> The information regarding the state naturalization records comes from a flyer created in 2008 and an inventory conducted by the author in 2012 for microfilms. The "Judicial Archives" in the state table is the [[#Archives|Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Archives]] located in Boston. Note that some material may be stored off-site, so call in advance to schedule an appointment. The location of "Mass. Arch. RR" is the [[#Archives|Massachusetts Archives Reading Room]] located in the same building.<br>
 +
<center>'''Massachusetts Naturalization Records'''</center>
 +
{| width="100%" border="1" class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! width="125" scope="col" | Record
 +
! width="100" scope="col" | Dates
 +
! width="125" scope="col" | Location
 +
! width="175" scope="col" | Index
 +
! width="350" scope="col" | Microfilm/Online
 +
|-
 +
| {{anchor|nat29}}<br>'''Secretary of State'''
 +
|-
 +
| Superior Court
 +
| 1920-1923, 1924-1925
 +
| [[#Archives|Mass. Archives]]
 +
| Consolidated index of all courts
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/700596 FHL film 1940387 (1st of 7)]
 +
|-
 +
| District Court
 +
| 1885-1931
 +
| [[#Archives|Mass. Archives]]
 +
| Records chronological, each volume indexed
 +
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/700375 FHL film 1901984 (1st of 9)]
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]] || [[#Naturalization_Records|Top of Naturalization]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|nat30}}<br>
 +
<center>'''Bibliography'''</center>
 +
*Frank G. Franklin, ''The Legislative History of Naturalization in the United States from the Revolutionary War to 1861'' (PhD Thesis, 1900; Chicago, 1906; rep. New York, 1969+), ix, 308 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/legislativehisto00fran Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=4JiHAAAAMAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/60732161 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*''Guide to the Records in the National Archives - New England Region'' (Washington, D.C., 1989), v, 25 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/21542621 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|964411|item|disp=FHL book 973 J53t}} (similar work).<br>
 +
*Walter V. Hickey, "A gold mine of naturalization records in New England" in the ''Bulletin of the Cape Cape Genealogical Society'', 31: 101-106<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9301536 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1845783|item|disp=FHL digital link}} (downloads entire issue).<br>
 +
*Sidney Kansas, ''Immigration, Exclusion, Deportation and Citizenship of the United States'' (New York, 3rd ed., 1948), x, 460 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4412795 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|610957|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2ka}}.<br>
 +
*James H. Kettner, ''The Development of American Citizenship, 1608-1870'' (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1978), xi, 391 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3627234 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|7209|item|disp=FHL book 973 P4k}}.<br>
 +
*James C. Neagles and Lila Lee Neagles, ''Locating Your Immigrant Ancestor: A Guide to Naturalization Records'' (Logan, Utah, rev. ed., 1986), xi, 153 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6423879 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|383607|item|disp=FHL book 973 P47n}}; {{FHL|122500|item|disp=FHL 1995 book}} (with digital link).<br>
 +
*John J. Newman, ''American Naturalization Processes and Procedures, 1790-1985'' (Indianapolis, Ind., 1985), 43 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12388755 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|314550|item|disp=FHL book 973 P4n}}.<br>
 +
*Christina K. Schaefer, ''Guide to Naturalization Records of the United States'' (Baltimore, 1997), xii, 394 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/36674082 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|788457|item|disp=FHL book 973 P4s}}.<br>
 +
*Marian L. Smith, ''An Immigrant Nation: United States Regulation of Immigration, 1798-1991'' (Washington, D.C., 1991), v, 41 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/25505090 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*U.S. Department of Justice, ''Directory of Courts Having Jurisdiction in Naturalization Proceedings'' (Washington, D.C., 1908; rep. many times through 1979), 252 pp.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/directorycourts00natugoog Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=eKoGAAAAMAAJ Google Books], and [http://pds.lib.harvard.edu/pds/view/6466350 Harvard University].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12593620 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|477392|item|disp=FHL film 1730286}} (1963 ed.).<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]] || [[#Naturalization_Records|Top of Naturalization]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|imm03}}
 +
 +
==== Other Records  ====
 +
 +
*Canadian Border Crossings, 1908-1935 [''from the U.S.''], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1344 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*St. Albans Border Crossings, 1895-1954 [''from Canada''], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1075 Ancestry] ($).<br>If the ship's name and date of sail are known, use [http://www.donslist.net/PGHLookups/IAStAlbansVTPsngr.html Don Krieger's Passenger List Guide] for these records which link to the scanned NARA microfilm on Internet Archive.<br>
 +
*Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society card file I-96, 1882-1929, from the American Jewish Historical Society, {{FHL|1050948|item|disp=FHL film 2318189-2318392, 2318509-2318512}}.<br>
 +
*U.S. Passport Applications, 1795-1925, [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1174 Ancestry] ($) or [http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#253%7Ch8J_-ezPe fold3] ($).<br>
 +
*U.S. Consular Posts, Emergency Passport Applications, 1915-1925, [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1505 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]]</center>
 +
{{anchor|imm04}}
 +
 +
==== Bibliography  ====
 +
 +
*Robert Charles Anderson, ''The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1623–1633'' (Boston, 1995), 3v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/33083117 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|22717|item|disp=FHL books 974 W2a}}.<br>
 +
*Robert Charles Anderson, ''The Great Migration: Immigrants to New England, 1634–1635'' (Boston, 1999-2011), 7v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/49260702 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|957042|item|disp=FHL book 974 W2aa}}.<br>
 +
*Robert Charles Anderson, ''The Pilgrim Migration: Immigrants to Plymouth Colony, 1620-1629'' (Boston, 2004), lxviii, 638 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/57507677 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1197928|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 D3a}}.<br>
 +
*Robert Charles Anderson, ''The Winthrop Fleet: Massachusetts Bay Company Immigrants to New England, 1629-1630'' (Boston, 2012), ixxviii, 832 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/802345529 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers, who came to Plymouth on the "Mayflower" in 1620, the "Fortune" in 1621, and the "Anne" and the "Little James" in 1623'' (New York, 1929; rep. many times), xi, 187 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48557 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1333972 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1962 ed.); [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3AEnglish%20%2Btitle%3AAncestry%20%2Btitle%3Aand%20%2Btitle%3AHomes%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3Athe%20%2Btitle%3APilgrim%20%2Btitle%3AFathers FHL book 974 W2be].<br>
 +
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The Planters of the Commonwealth; a study of the emigrants and emigration in colonial times: to which are added lists of passengers to Boston and to the Bay Colony; the ships which brought them; their English homes, and the places of their settlement in Massachusetts, 1620-1640'' (Boston, 1930; rep. many times), xii, 231 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48127 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/953611 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1967 ed.); [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3APlanters%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3Athe%20%2Btitle%3ACommonwealth FHL book 974 W2bf].<br>
 +
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The Winthrop Fleet'' (Boston, 1930; rep. Baltimore, 1961+), ix, 118 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48245 Ancestry] ($) (1999 ed.).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/452183 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1968 ed. only); [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3AWinthrop%20%2Btitle%3AFleet FHL book 974.4 W2b] (many editions).<br>
 +
*Charles Edward Banks, ''The Topographical Dictionary of 2,885 English Emigrants to New England'' (Philadelphia, 1937; rep. Baltimore, 1957+).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/679755406 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1969 ed.); [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3ATopographical%20%2Btitle%3ADictionary%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3A2885%20%2Btitle%3AEnglish%20%2Btitle%3AEmigrants%20%2Btitle%3Ato%20%2Btitle%3ANew%20%2Btitle%3AEngland FHL book 974 W2ba] (many editions).<br>
 +
*Ethel Stanwood Bolton, ''Immigrants to New England, 1700–1775'' (Salem, Mass., 1931; rep. Baltimore, 1966+), 235 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48095 Ancestry] ($) (1997 ed.).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1015465 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1966 ed.); {{FHL|328742|item|disp=FHL book 974 W2b}} and {{FHL|328741|item|disp=FHL film 874195 item 3}}.<br>
 +
*Carl Boyer 3rd, ed., ''Ship Passenger Lists: National and New England (1600-1825)'' (Newhall, Cal., 1977), 270 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3353223 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|216721|item|disp=FHL book 973 W3s or fiche 6049470}} (with digital link).<br>
 +
*Joseph William Carlevale, ''Leading Americans of Italian Descent in Massachusetts'' (Plymouth, Mass., 1946), 861 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=21593 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3763115 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants in Bondage, 1614–1775'' (Baltimore, 1988; supp. 1992), xv, 920, 86 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/18176302 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26564121 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (supp.); {{FHL|654640|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2c}}.<br>
 +
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607–1660'' (Baltimore, 1987), xviii, 600 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/22434255 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|570051|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2coL}}.<br>
 +
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1661–1669'' (Baltimore, 1990), vii, 894 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/22392352 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|410429|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2coL}}.<br>
 +
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1700–1750'' (Baltimore, 1992), ix, 743 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/25512381 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|513401|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2coL}}.<br>
 +
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1751–1776'' (Baltimore, 1992), viii, 349 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/28095632 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|638712|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2coL}}.<br>
 +
*Peter Wilson Coldham, ''The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607–1776, and Emigrants in Bondage 1614–1775'' ([Novato, Ca.], 1996), 1 CD.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/35961940 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|773852|item|CD-ROM no. 9 pt. 350}}.<br>
 +
*William Isaac Cole, ''Immigrant Races in Massachusetts: The Greeks'' (Boston?, 1919?), [6] pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/immigrantracesin00cole Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3282270 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Meridith B. Colket Jr., ''Founders of Early American Families: Emigrants from Europe 1607–1657'' (Cleveland, Ohio, 1975; second rev. ed., 2002), xlv, 443 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1733517 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1975 ed.); {{FHL|285129|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2cm.}} (1985 ed.).<br>
 +
*George Francis Donovan, ''The Pre-Revolutionary Irish in Massachusetts, 1620-1775'' (Menasha, Wisc., 1932), 158 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8141263 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|381941|item|disp=FHL film 1466004 Item 8}} or {{FHL|1057843|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 F2dg}} (200? ed.).<br>
 +
*Federal Writers' Project, Massachusetts, ''The Armenians in Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1937; rep. New York, 1973), 148 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/armeniansinmassa00uswo Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5314944 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1937 ed.); Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*P. William Filby, ''Passenger and Immigration Lists Index'' (Detroit, Mich., 1981-2005), 29v..<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7385897 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (see other eds.); ({{FHL|291926|item|disp=FHL book 973 W32p}}.<br>
 +
*Lucie M. Gardner, "Settlers about Boston Bay prior to 1630" in ''The Massachusetts Magazine'', 2 [1909]: [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag00sale#page/n243/mode/2up 115-117], [http://archive.org/stream/massachusettsmag00sale#page/n243/mode/2up 176-183].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1756836 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1260170|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 B2mm v. 1-2}}.<br>
 +
*Edward A. Hall, "The Irish Pioneers of the Connecticut Valley" in ''The Journal of the American Irish Historical Society'', 4 [1904]: 43-54.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/journalamerican39socigoog#page/n48/mode/2up Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480088 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1656825|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2i v. 4}} (with digital link).<br>
 +
*Marilyn B. Halter, "Cape Verdean-American Immigration and Patterns of Settlement, 1860-1940," Ph.D. Dissertation, Boston Univ., 1986, xiii, 270 leaves.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39874726 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
 +
*Edward W. Hanson, "The Non-English New Englanders" in ''The New England Historical and Genealogical Register'', 139 [1985]: 3-20.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7030049 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|127567|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2ne v. 139}}.<br>
 +
*Ruth-Ann M. Harris and Donald M. Jacobs, eds., ''The Search for Missing Friends'' (Boston, 1989–2002), 8v.<br>Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=263 American Ancestors] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/20489613 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|403971|item|disp=FHL book 974.461 H29s}}.<br>
 +
*Martin E. Hollick, ''New Englanders in the 1600s: A guide to genealogical research published between 1980 and 2010'' (Boston, 2006; expanded ed., 2012), xxvii, 282 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/786187499 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1359885|item|disp=FHL book 974 D22h}} (2006 ed.).<br>
 +
*John Camden Hotten, ''The Original Lists of Persons of Quality: Emigrants, etc., Who Went from Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600-1700'' (London, 1874; rep. New York, 1931+), xxxvi, 580 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2065 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1615006 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1962 ed.); [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AThe%20%2Btitle%3AOriginal%20%2Btitle%3ALists%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3APersons%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3AQuality FHL book 973 W2hot] (many editions).<br>
 +
*''The Irish in New England: Immigration of the Irish to New England; Sources of Irish-American Genealogy; The Kennedys of Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1985), iv, 44 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12573693 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|364313|item|disp=FHL book 974 F2k}}.<br>
 +
*Charles Boardman Jewson, ''Transcript of Three Registers of Passengers from Great Yarmouth to Holland and New England, 1637-1639'' ([Norfolk], Eng., 1954; rep. Baltimore, 1964), 98 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/133136 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|283850|item|disp=FHL book 974 W3j}}.<br>
 +
*John C. Linehan, "Irish Pioneers in Boston and Vicinity" in ''The Journal of the American Irish Historical Society'', 6 [1906]: 75-84.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/journalamerican43socigoog#page/n85/mode/2up Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480088 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1656830|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2i v. 5-6}}.<br>
 +
*John J. McCoy, "The Irish Element in the Second Massachusetts Volunteers in the Recent War (with Spain)" in ''The Journal of the American Irish Historical Society'', 2 [1899]: 85-88.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/journalamerican00obrgoog#page/n98/mode/2up Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480088 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1656828|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2i v. 1-2}}.<br>
 +
*Patty Barthell Myers, ''Female Index to Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England by James Savage'' (Baltimore, 2008), 344 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/191091717 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1462457|item|disp=FHL book 974 D2s index}}.<br>
 +
*New England Historic Genealogical Society, ''English Origins of New England Families from the New England Historical and Genealogical Register'' - First Series (Baltimore, 1984), 3v. Second Series (Baltimore, 1985), 3v.<br>FIRST series: Digital version at Ancestry ($) ([http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48555 v. 1], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48085 v. 2], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48086 v. 3])<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10618143 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|323303|item|disp=FHL book 974 D2e}}.<br>SECOND series: Digital version at Ancestry ($) ([http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48556 v. 1], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48087 v. 2], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48088 v. 3])<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11690506 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|164748|item|disp=FHL book 974 D2en}}.<br>
 +
*Michael Joseph O'Brien, "Some Traces of Irish Settlers in the Colony of Massachusetts Bay" in ''The Journal of the American Irish Historical Society'', 18 [1919]: 145-162.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/stream/journalamerican94socigoog#page/n154/mode/2up Internet Archive].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480088 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|988453|item|disp=FHL CD-ROM no. 327}} (no hard copy).<br>
 +
*Eben Putnam, "Two Early Passenger Lists, 1635-1637" in ''The New England Historical and Genealogical Register'', 75 [1921]: [http://books.google.com/books?id=88sUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA217 217-226] or on [http://www.americanancestors.org/PageDetail.aspx?recordId=236683069 American Ancestors] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7030049 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|127567|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2ne}}.<br>
 +
*Melinde Lutz Sanborn, ''Third Supplement to Torrey's New England Marriages Prior to 1700'' (Baltimore, 2003), xviii, 379 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49372 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/54931461 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1137216|item|disp=FHL book 974 V2t supp. 3}}.<br>
 +
*James Savage, ''A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England'' (Boston, 1860-1862; rep. Baltimore, 1965+), 4v.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/genealogicaldic01savarich v. 1], [http://archive.org/details/genealogicaldic02savarich v. 2], [http://archive.org/details/genealogicaldic03savarich v. 3], [http://archive.org/details/genealogicaldic04savarich v. 4]), Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=HWEblLuls8kC v. 1], [http://books.google.com/books?id=PDkPAAAAYAAJ v. 2], [http://books.google.com/books?id=5yeOnSfbehcC v. 3], [http://books.google.com/books?id=lZqoaqjEpWsC v. 4]), and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3124 Ancestry] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/679086 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1st ed.); [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Btitle%3AA%20%2Btitle%3AGenealogical%20%2Btitle%3ADictionary%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3Athe%20%2Btitle%3AFirst%20%2Btitle%3ASettlers%20%2Btitle%3Aof%20%2Btitle%3ANew%20%2Btitle%3AEngland FHL book 974 D2s] (many editions and formats).<br>
 +
*Kenneth Scott, ''British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812'' (Baltimore, 1979), vii, 420 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49091].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5711802 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|78653|item|disp=FHL book 973 W4s}}.<br>
 +
*George Sherwood, ''American Colonists in English Records: A Guide to direct references in authentic records, Passenger Lists not in "Hotten," &amp;c., &amp;c., &amp;c.'' (London, 1932-1933; rep. Baltimore, 1961+), 2v., 215 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48495 Ancestry] ($) (1969 ed.).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6556098 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1961 ed.); {{FHL|629139|item|disp=FHL book 973 W2k}} (1982 ed.).<br>
 +
*Michael Tepper, ''Passengers to America: A Consolidation of Ship Passenger Lists from the "New England Historical and Genealogical Register" ''(Baltimore, 1977+), xii, 554 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48605 Ancestry] ($) (1980 ed.)<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3205345 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|287914|item|disp=FHL book 973 W3t}}.<br>
 +
*Mrs. Nathaniel Thayer, "The Immigrants (1830-1929)" in Albert Bushnell Hart, ''Commonwealth History of Massachusetts'' (New York, 1927-1930), 4: 142–171.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1543273 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|656150|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 H2ha}}.<br>
 +
*Clarence Almon Torrey, ''New England Marriages Prior to 1700'' (Baltimore, 1985+), xvi, 1009 pp.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3824 Ancestry] ($) (2004 ed.)<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11838492 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|146171|item|disp=FHL book 974 V2t}}.<br>Based on original manuscript at the New England Historic Genealogical Society (no catalog record for original), microfilm of manuscript at NEHGS, 12v. on 7 reels, [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/57267744 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] and {{FHL|290345|item|disp=FHL film 929494-929500}}.<br>Transcript on CD (Boston, 2001), 1 Disc, Not on WorldCat; {{FHL|1022869|item|disp=FHL CD-ROM no. 1261}}, or [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=0344&Da=289 American Ancestors] ($) (database).<br>New edition with bibliographic references and index (Boston, 2011), 3v., [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/712802027 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1918903|item|disp=FHL book 974 V2tc}}.<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] || [[#Immigration|Top of Immigration]]</center>
 
=== Newspapers  ===
 
=== Newspapers  ===
  
 
Newspapers were first published in Massachusetts in 1690. The Commonwealth has a rich history documented within these pages. Most all libraries have copies of their local newspapers and research / university libraries include more. There are two libraries whose collection rivals all others:  
 
Newspapers were first published in Massachusetts in 1690. The Commonwealth has a rich history documented within these pages. Most all libraries have copies of their local newspapers and research / university libraries include more. There are two libraries whose collection rivals all others:  
  
*American Antiquarian Society, Worcester (see details below under [[#Libraries_and_Societies|Libraries]]), collects all things in print before 1876. They hold the largest single collection of [http://www.americanantiquarian.org/newspapers.htm original newspapers] in the country.  
+
*American Antiquarian Society, Worcester (see details below under [[#Libraries_and_Societies|Libraries]]), collects all things in print before 1876. They hold the largest single collection of [http://www.americanantiquarian.org/newspapers.htm original newspapers] in the country.<br>
*Boston Public Library, Boston (see details below under [[#Libraries_and_Societies|Libraries]]), is the repository for Massachusetts part of the national effort to microfilm all known existing copies of newspapers called the [http://www.bpl.org/research/newspapers/ Massachusetts Newspaper Program]. For their holdings, see the [http://www.bpl.org/research/microtext/news.htm online guide] for newspapers.
+
*Boston Public Library, Boston (see details below under [[#Libraries_and_Societies|Libraries]]), is the repository for Massachusetts part of the national effort to microfilm all known existing copies of newspapers called the [http://www.bpl.org/research/newspapers/ Massachusetts Newspaper Program]. For their holdings, see the [http://www.bpl.org/research/microtext/news.htm online guide] for newspapers.<br>
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>  
 
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>  
 
== Massachusetts Repositories  ==
 
== Massachusetts Repositories  ==
Line 955: Line 3,937:
 
| Boston  
 
| Boston  
 
| <center>Massachusetts Archives<br>220 Morrissey Blvd.<br>Boston MA 02125<br>617-727-2816<br>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colidx.htm website]</center>  
 
| <center>Massachusetts Archives<br>220 Morrissey Blvd.<br>Boston MA 02125<br>617-727-2816<br>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colidx.htm website]</center>  
| The Archives holds the official records created by all parts of state government from 1629 to the present. The earliest material is found in the [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colmac.htm Massachusetts Archives Collection]. Common resources for genealogists and historians detailed in their [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcgen/genidx.htm online guide] are state vital records (starting in 1841), passenger lists, census, military records, the [[Suffolk County, Massachusetts#Suffolk_Files|Suffolk Files]], naturalizations, divorces, probate, name changes, adoptions, [[Suffolk County, Massachusetts#Land_Records_and_Atlases|Suffolk Deeds]], and many other records.
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| The Archives holds the official records created by all parts of state government from 1629 to the present. The earliest material is found in the [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colmac.htm Massachusetts Archives Collection]. Common resources for genealogists and historians detailed in their [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcgen/genidx.htm online guide] are state vital records (starting in 1841), passenger lists, census, military records, the [[Suffolk County, Massachusetts#Suffolk_Files|Suffolk Files]], naturalizations, divorces, probate, name changes, adoptions, [[Suffolk County, Massachusetts#Land_Records_and_Atlases|Suffolk Deeds]], and many other records.<br>{{anchor|mac}}-----<br>The Massachusetts Archives Collection contains 328 volumes about early Massachusetts history (1629-1799). It is also called the Felt Collection. Rev. Joseph Felt organized most of the collection in the 1830s; the last third was added in the late nineteenth century. Most of the collection is available on microfilm.<br>
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*Volumes 1-239 on [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1055547 FHL film 2294195 (1st of 184)].<br>
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*Volumes 240-328 on [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1050952 FHL film 2318834 (1st of 74)].<br>
 +
 
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Several finding aids are available to help locate records of interest.<br>
 +
 
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*Search the Archive's [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcsrch/RevolutionarySearchContects.html online index]. Only 18 of the 328 volumes are indexed.<br>
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*View an online list of [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colvol1.htm volumes 1-99].<br>
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*View an online list of [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colvol2.htm volumes 100-199].<br>
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*View an online list of [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colvol3.htm volumes 200-238].<br>
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*View the card index on [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/285054 FHL film 543878 (1st of 57)].<br>
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*Tables of content and name indexes are available for many of the volumes.<br>
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|-
 
|-
 
| Boston  
 
| Boston  
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| This archive was established in 1995 and documents the Massachusetts National Guard organized in 1636 and the archives of the Office of the Adjutant General that includes Massachusetts military records from 1775 to 1940. Researchers should call at least one day in advance for a free appointment.
 
| This archive was established in 1995 and documents the Massachusetts National Guard organized in 1636 and the archives of the Office of the Adjutant General that includes Massachusetts military records from 1775 to 1940. Researchers should call at least one day in advance for a free appointment.
 
|}
 
|}
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>  
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
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=== Libraries and Societies  ===
 
=== Libraries and Societies  ===
  
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| This is the largest collection of U.S. printed material to 1876 in the United States. It has extensive newspaper and manuscripts holdings and a strong genealogical collection. A [http://www.americanantiquarian.org/collectionsguide.htm detailed guide] to the collection by subject is available online. Their [http://catalog.mwa.org/ catalog] is online, but see the caveat.
 
| This is the largest collection of U.S. printed material to 1876 in the United States. It has extensive newspaper and manuscripts holdings and a strong genealogical collection. A [http://www.americanantiquarian.org/collectionsguide.htm detailed guide] to the collection by subject is available online. Their [http://catalog.mwa.org/ catalog] is online, but see the caveat.
 
|}
 
|}
<center>Thanks to the [http://massmayflower.org Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants] for their contributions to this page.<br><br>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
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<center>Thanks to the [http://massmayflower.org Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants] for their contributions to this page.
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== Massachusetts References  ==
 
== Massachusetts References  ==
  
 
{{reflist}}  
 
{{reflist}}  
<center>'''Adjacent states: [[Connecticut|Connecticut]] | [[Maine|Maine]] | [[New Hampshire|New Hampshire]] | [[New York|New York]] | [[Rhode Island|Rhode Island]] | [[Vermont|Vermont]]'''</center> {{Massachusetts|Massachusetts}} </div><!--This was designed by Scott Andrew Bartley in conjunction with the Mass. Wiki Team on 16 April 2013-->  
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<center>'''Adjacent states: [[Connecticut Genealogy|Connecticut]] | [[Maine Genealogy|Maine]] | [[New Hampshire Genealogy|New Hampshire]] | [[New York Genealogy|New York]] | [[Rhode Island Genealogy|Rhode Island]] | [[Vermont Genealogy|Vermont]]'''</center> {{Massachusetts|Massachusetts}} <!--This was designed by Scott Andrew Bartley in conjunction with the Mass. Wiki Team on 16 April 2013--> |} </div>  
[[Category:Massachusetts]]
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[[Category:Massachusetts, United States]][[Category:Research Guides]]

Latest revision as of 01:26, 13 April 2017

United States Gotoarrow.png Massachusetts


This is a genealogical and historical guide to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and its state-level records. You will find help with state vital records, histories, church archives, newspaper collections, genealogical libraries, understanding the court system, military records, and immigration and naturalization records.

Massachusetts History

Brief History

This region of New England was home to many Algonquian-speaking Indians. They had been visited by British and other European countries' fishermen for more than a century before the first permanent European settlement. Not long before this first settlement began, the native population was decimated by a European-borne disease, likely smallpox, that left many of their villages empty. The Separatist Pilgrims were the first to arrive in 1620 to establish Plymouth Colony at Plymouth. There were several early and later attempts for settlement up the coast into Maine (which would be part of Massachusetts until statehood in 1820). The second permanent settlement was by Puritans who arrived in 1629 to establish the Massachusetts Bay Colony at Salem.

These two colonies coexisted for many years, but geography and politics were on the side of the Massachusetts Bay. The Royal Province of New Hampshire was created in 1680 that separated the District of Maine off from the center of population of the colony now firmly established at Boston. The British colonies developed more independent practices regarding trade, religion, and governance. King Charles II finally rescinded the charter for Massachusetts Bay in 1684. This action was implemented by King James II. The colony continued as it was until Sir Edmund Andros arrived to become the Royal Governor of the newly created Dominion of New England effectively in 1686. This united the colonies of Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth. Soon New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Haven, New York, and New Jersey would be added to the Dominion with the government seated at Boston. Andros quickly moved to take away most liberties colonists enjoyed and thus his rule was extremely unpopular. When King James II was overthrown in late 1688 by William and Mary, colonist at Boston overthrew Andros and his administration there in 1689. For lack of guidance by England, the colonies resumed their previous form of governments through 1691.

The next major geo-political event was the merger of the Massachusetts Bay and the Plymouth Colony into the newly rechartered Royal Province of Massachusetts Bay in 1691 that began its new government under Sir William Phips in 1692. The territory included what is Maine and the Elizabeth, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket Islands (the islands removed from the control of New York). Major border disputes were settled as follows: New Hampshire (1740), Rhode Island (1746 - succeeded towns of Barrington, Bristol, Little Compton, Tiverton, Warren, and the newly created Cumberland to R.I.), Connecticut (1749 - succeeded towns of Enfield, Somers, Suffield, and Woodstock to Conn.), New York (1773 - twenty miles west of the Hudson; 1853 - Boston Corners section of Mount Washington to N.Y.), and Maine (1820 - succeeded as new state in Missouri Compromise).

Historical Data

Border changes
Dates Events
10 Apr. 1606 The Plymouth Company granted between 38°N (near Md.-Va. border) and 45°N (near Me.-N.B. border) which overlapped with the Virginia Company of London below 41°N (near Conn.-N.Y. border). After a failed attempt to colonize at the Popham Colony near present-day Phippsburg, Me., in 1607 (the settlers all left one year later), the patent fell into disuse. The London Company was re-chartered in 1609 for exclusive use up to 41°N.
3 Mar. 1619/20 Petition for a Charter of New England by the Northern Company of Adventurers settling between 40°N and 45°.
3 Nov. 1620 The Plymouth Council for New England granted a royal patent for land between 34°N and 45°N. Plymouth Colony settled at Plymouth in that year, though not initiated by the Council.
1 June 1621 The Pilgrims acquired a new land patent for the settlement they created at Plymouth.
10 Aug. 1622 The Council granted a patent for the Province of Maine to Ferdinando Gorges and John Mason that covered between the Merrimack and Kennebec rivers. The men agreed to split this patent and Mason received the portion south of the Piscataqua River on 17 Nov. 1629 in a grant. This grant was reconfirmed on 3 Feb. 1634/5. Gorges obtained a royal charter for his portion in 1639.
in 1624 The Council established a fishing village at present-day Gloucester financed and governed by the Dorchester Company. The Company withdrew their support at the end of 1625. A few settlers remained and eventually moved further south.
in 1628 The Council created the "New England Company for a Plantation in Massachusetts Bay" (commonly called the Massachusetts Bay Colony) was established at Salem first with the remaining settlers from the Dorchester Company and 100 new settlers. This grant was for the land between the Charles and Merrimack rivers with a buffer of three miles above and below these borders. In 1629, 300 more settlers were sent to Salem. Concerned about the conflict in land claims, this group sought a royal charter for the colony which it received on 18 Mar. 1628/9. The shareholders decided to move the board to the colony (a first in the North American colonies), and the majority of the shareholders bought out those who did not want to emigrate. They elected John Winthrop to be the Governor of the new colony.
13 Jan. 1629/30 The Charter of New Plymouth defined the colony as east of Narragansett Bay and south from the mouth of the Pawtucket River [now Blackstone River] to the mouth of the Cohasset River.
26 June 1630 The Council for New England patented the Province of Lygonia, being southwest of the Sagadahoc River [now Kennebec River] 40 miles long and 40 miles wide.
7 June 1635 The Plymouth Council for New England surrendered its charter to the King. Basically, all land outside of Massachusetts Bay was under the authority of the Crown.
3 Apr. 1639 King Charles I granted the Province of Maine to Ferinando Gorges as a proprietary colony that included the land between the Kennebec and Piscataqua Rivers inland 120 miles plus the islands of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. Thomas Gorges, a distant relative of Ferdinando Gorges, established a government there in 1640, creating counties, and conducting the colony until its annexation by Massachusetts Bay in 1652.
14 June 1641 New Hampshire voluntarily accepted the jurisdiction of Massachusetts Bay since the dissolution of the Council for New England and the death of John Mason.
in Oct. 1641 Thomas Mayhew, father and son, of Watertown purchased the title to Nantucket Island, Martha's Vineyard, and the Elizabeth Islands from Lord Stirling and Ferdinando Gorges. These islands were not part of the Massachusetts Bay.
in 1642 The southern boundary west for Massachusetts Bay was set per the charter of 1629/30 as 3 miles south of the Charles River thus defining the border between it and the colonies of Connecticut and Rhode Island.
27 Aug. 1645 For its participation in the Pequot War (1636-1637), Massachusetts Bay claimed the land between the Thames and Pawcautck Rivers plus Block Island. It tried to secure a patent for this area but was deemed invalid.
in Mar. 1646/7 Lygonia gained the overlapping territory with Maine and reduced Maine to a few settlements.
26 May 1652 Massachusetts Bay interpreted their 1628/9 charter's northern line as 43° 40' 12" North claiming from the Casco Bay in Maine west through central New Hampshire and Vermont to the New York border.
20 Nov. 1652 Using the interpretation above, Massachusetts Bay established Yorkshire County covering the land between the Piscataqua and Kennebec Rivers thus eliminating the Province of Lygonia. This county went into abeyance in Nov. 1664, reinstated as York County on 27 May 1668, eliminated by the creation of the District of Maine on 17 Mar. 1679/80, and reinstated again under the new Massachusetts Bay royal charter of 7 Oct. 1691.
18 Sept. 1658 The Commissioners of the United Colonies of New England settle the border dispute over the Pequot Country settling the border between Connecticut and Massachusetts Bay as the Mystic River, thus leaving Massachusetts Bay with a claim to land between the Mystic and Pawcatuck Rivers. Massachusetts Bay gave up its claim to this land and also Block Island on 19 Oct. 1664.
23 Apr. 1662 King Charles II grant a charter to Connecticut that gave its eastern border as the Narragansett Bay, eliminating the claim by Massachusetts Bay and overlapping with Rhode Island's patent.
7 May 1662 Massachusetts Bay created Hampshire County out of unregulated area being roughly the center of present-day Worcester County west to the New York border, being all territory within 30 miles of the settlements of Springfield, Northampton, and Hadley.
8 July 1663 King Charles II granted Rhode Island a new charter that moved present-day Cumberland, R.I., out of Massachusetts Bay and some eastern lands out of New Plymouth, but these lines seemed not enforced. New Plymouth protested the infringement of its patent. A royal commission set this boundary as the Blackstone River and the east side of Narragansett Bay pending a royal decision on 27 Feb. 1664/5. The same commission made the Narragansett Country a separate entity ending Connecticut's claim, but having Rhode Island govern the area on 8 Apr. 1665.
12 Mar. 1663/4 King Charles II granted the Duke of York all land between the Delaware and Connecticut Rivers; the islands of Long Island, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket; and the land between the Kennebec and St. Croix Rivers inland to the St. Lawrence River. In the fall of 1664, royal commissioners arbitrated the conflict with this grant and suggested the border between New York and Massachusetts Bay as 20 miles east of the Hudson River. Though never codified, this was the generally accepted border.
23 June 1665 Royal commissioners placed Ferdinando Gorges' land under royal authority.
5 Sept. 1665 New York created Cornwall County covering all the land between the Kennebec and St. Croix Rivers.
19 May 1669 The town of Westfield was laid out extending into "the jog" south of the colony line.
7 Oct. 1673 Massachusetts claimed an area east of the Kennebec River that included the Pemaquid settlement later named this Devonshire County on 27 May 1675, but this county ceased when the war with the Abnaki Indians in that area broke out in Sept. 1675.
3 June 1674 Massachusetts Bay created the town of Suffield that now lies wholly within Connecticut.
15 Mar. 1677/8 Massachusetts Bay purchased the grant made to Ferdinando Gorges from him.
18 Sept. 1679 New Hampshire made a royal colony separate from Massachusetts Bay. Old Norfolk County was dissolved and the towns of Amesbury, Haverhill, and Salisbury added to Essex County of Massachusetts Bay.
16 May 1683 Massachusetts Bay created the town of Enfield that now lies wholly within Connecticut.
1 Nov. 1683 New York created Dukes County that included Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands until a new royal charter gave these islands to Massachusetts Bay on 7 Oct. 1691. The latter created the new Dukes County for Martha's Vineyard and the Elizabeth Islands and Nantucket County for Nantucket on 22 June 1695. On this day, New York also recreated Cornwall County in Maine.
18 June 1684 The High Court of Chancery of England cancelled the Charter of 1629 for Massachusetts Bay. This places Massachusetts Bay and Maine under royal authority, though in practice nothing changed until the governor arrived on 17 May 1686.
17 May 1686
18 Apr. 1689
The Dominion of New England was established as the first royal govern arrived bringing together Massachusetts Bay, Maine, and the Narragansett Country. New Plymouth and the Pemaquid Country was added on 20 Dec. 1686. New York (thus eliminating Cornwall County) and New Jersey were added on 1 Apr. 1687. King James II was overthrown on 18 Apr. 1689 by King William III and Queen Mary II in England and Bostonians imprisoned the royal government and others to end this consolidation in North America. Previously forms of government resumed.
15 Mar. 1689/90 Massachusetts Bay created the town of Woodstock that now lies wholly within Connecticut.
7 Oct. 1691 The new Charter of Massachusetts Bay issued that included land between 40°N and 48°N. - explicitly stating this being all of the former Colony of Massachusetts Bay, territory called New Plymouth, territory called the Province of Maine, and the territory between the Sagadahoc River and Nova Scotia, and specifically excluded the charter to John Mason now in the hands of Samuel Allen of London, merchant (i.e. New Hampshire) and the colonies of Rhode Island, Connecticut, and the Narragansett Country. Also included were the Isles of Cappawock (i.e. The Elizabeth Islands) and Nantucket (which seemingly included Martha's Vineyard).
1 Mar. 1691/2 A royal governor was sent to New Hampshire effectively separating it from Massachusetts Bay, but did not further define its borders beyond the 1679 charter.
22 June 1695 Massachusetts Bay established Dukes County for Martha's Vineyard and the Elizabeth Islands and Nantucket County for Nantucket Island.
20 Sept. 1697 The Treaty of Ryswick ending the King William's War between England and France transferred Acadia to France and separating it from Massachusetts Bay. The formal transfer followed after the Treaty of Utrecht on 15 Apr. 1713 and ended the nominal jurisdiction over Acadia [Nova Scotia].
13 July 1713 Connecticut and Massachusetts Bay accepted a 1702 survey that confirmed the line between them (the current line minus the jogs) and gave Massachusetts Bay jurisdiction over the border towns of Enfield, Suffield, and Woodstock.
26 June 1716 The jurisdiction of York County extended east beyond the Kennebec River to the St. Croix River, though never defining the northern limit.
5 Aug. 1740 King George II settled the border dispute between Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire for the latter being up the Piscataqua and Salmon Falls Rivers due north 120 miles or to the end of the colony and 3 miles north of the Merricmack River to Pautucket Falls [now in Lowell, Mass.], then straight west and these are the borders in effect today.
28 May 1746 King George II decided (and implemented on 17 Feb. 1746/7) the border between Massachusetts Bay and Rhode Island so that Massachusetts Bay lost the Attleborough Gore [present-day Cumberland, R.I.] and a 3-mile strip of land on the east side of Narragansett Bay starting at the head of the bay.
In May 1749 Connecticut annexed the Massachusetts Bay towns of Enfield, Somers [created from Enfield], Suffield, and Woodstock. Note that the line was now straight except for the "Southwick jog" that exists to this day.
7 Oct. 1763 When the new royal province of Quebec was created with its southern border being the watershed between the St. Lawrence River and the Atlantic Ocean, the northern border of Cumberland, Lincoln, and York counties was established.
18 May 1773 Massachusetts Bay and New York agreed that their boundary was a straight line roughly parallel to being 20 miles east of the Hudson River - in accordance with the informal agreement of 1664.
In 1774 Connecticut took over a small part of land of Southwick that extended below the 1713 provincial boundary.
3 Sept. 1783 The Treaty of Paris defined the northern boundary as the watershed between the St. Croix River and the Atlantic Ocean.
24 Nov. 1817 By the Treaty of Ghent, islands in the Passamadquoddy Bay being Moose, Dudley [now Treat], and Frederick [now Dudley] were assigned to the United States and made part of Washington Co., Me.
15 Mar. 1820 Maine was set off as an independent state as part of the Missouri Compromise.
3 Nov. 1826 There was a slight straightening of the border between northeastern Connecticut and Massachusetts.
11 Jan. 1855 Boston Corners, the southwestern corner of Berkshire County, annexed to New York.
1 Mar. 1862 Implementation of the U.S. Supreme Court settlement of the boundary between Bristol County and that of neighboring Rhode Island.
Top of Page

Counties

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts is divided into fourteen counties. It is there that most court and land records are found. Most of the other commonly used records will be at the town level. Use the guide below to link to the county you want:

Barnstable (1685) - Berkshire (1761) - Bristol (1685)
Dukes (1683/1695) - Essex (1643) - Franklin (1811)
Hampden (1812) - Hampshire (1662) - Middlesex (1643)
Nantucket (1695) - Norfolk (1793) - Plymouth (1685)
Suffolk (1643) - Worcester (1731)


Massachusetts was created from two colonies in 1691. So records before that time would be part of:

Massachusetts Bay Colony (1629) - Plymouth Colony (1620)


Other extinct jurisdictions:

  • Old Norfolk, 1643-1680, which was all that north of the Merrimack River and south of the Piscataqua River being then the settled part of what became the royal province of New Hampshire in 1680 (except for roughly two to three miles above the Merrimack River).
  • Dominion of New England, 1686-1689, a brief consolidation of several British Colonies into one that was very unpopular and it collapsed.
  • Maine, records for this region called the District of Maine with counties of its own will all be found under Maine. Only high court and legislative records will be found under their Massachusetts headings.

Non-town names:

This is a list of archaic community, district, neighborhood section, and village names in Massachusetts that will not have a page on this wiki but are important to know their location.

Histories and Genealogies

This is a lengthy and detailed list of books and articles relating to general topics for Massachusetts. The focus was on books published before 1995, so newer books are welcome additions to this list. The bibliography is divided into several topical groups plus a general section.

Quick Links to Massachusetts Bibliography
Records Guides General


Records
Top of Page || Top of Histories and Genealogies


Guides
Top of Page || Top of Histories and Genealogies


General
Top of Page || Top of Histories and Genealogies


Massachusetts Genealogy Records

Vital Records

The original vital record resides in the town or city where the event occurred (in colonial times, a family group of birth can include events from other towns). The recording of these records was ordered by the government as early as 1639, though not all places followed the law. Both Massachusetts Bay Colony and Plymouth Colony started to collect these records in a central location, but the practice died out by the mid-17th Century. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts was the first state to create a permanent, statewide recording system starting in 1841. It is notable that the city of Boston lagged behind in reporting to the state and its records do not show up in the state system until a tougher regulation was implemented in 1848 (though the city did record these records locally). The only vital records closed to the public are the original births of amended records, out-of-wedlock births, and under-age marriages and those can be opened by a judge.

The original record still is found with the clerk of the town or city. All these records back to the earliest settlement of a town can always be viewed at the town or city clerk’s office. Most all town and city vital records have been microfilmed by the Family History Library and microfiched by the Holbrook Research Institute of Oxford, Mass. [now Archive Publishing of Provo, Utah]. This tends to be the most complete record of the event. Since 1841, there should be a second copy with the state and sometimes has abbreviated information from the original. This second copy is the most widely available source for researchers. It has been preserved by the same two vendors listed above and can be found on online in a variety of places and forms as listed below.

Quick Links to Vital Records
Pre-1850 Pre-1850 (online)
1841-1920 1921-present
Divorce Records Adoption Records
Bibliography
Top of Page || Top of VRs

Pre-1850

Before 1900, a few towns started publishing their own vital records in book form. The records were usually re-arranged into alphabetical order but separated by births, marriages, and deaths. Church and private records were added to get a more complete record and were clearly noted. The Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants published a few of these volumes along with the Systematic History Fund (a state fund); Essex Institute in Salem; Topsfield Historical Society, and others. The greatest number were published by the New England Historic Genealogical Society in Boston, in part from their Eddy Town-Record Fund. About two-thirds of the state (roughly 236 towns) has been published from the original town records and a few still are being released today. To learn more about this state publication project, see the article on The Publication of Vital Records of Massachusetts Towns written in 1919. Check the Mass. Town Pre-1850 Published Vital Records Guide for a listing of the towns published up to 2011. There are links to some online versions below. A search in Google will reveal many town / region specific sites that have reproduced the volumes online or pdf versions available for downloading.

Pre-1850 Online

AmericanAncestors.org ($)

Ancestry.com ($)

fold3.com ($)

Free online versions

  • The Early Vital Records of Massachusetts website transcribes each page and links it to an image of original of the original page. As of May 2013, Plymouth County was only partially done and Suffolk County had not been started. The rest of the towns across the state were there. Click on the Town tab to get a list of towns by county.
  • Frederic William Bailey, comp., Early Massachusetts Marriages Prior to 1800 (New Haven, Conn., 1897-1914, in 7v.; rep. Baltimore, 1968+).
    Digital version for Vol. 1 (Worcester Co.) only at Internet Archive or Google Books.
    Berkshire Genealogist Indexing Committee, Master Index to Early Massachusetts Marriages (Pittsfield, Mass., 1996), 131 leaves, is a single, full-name index to the series of seven volumes.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
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1841 - 1920

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts was the first state to create statewide vital records in the modern sense starting in 1841. It is notable that the city of Boston lagged behind reporting to the state and its records do not show up at the state until about 1848 (though the city maintained its own records before then). The original state records are held by:

Massachusetts Archives
220 Morrissey Blvd.
Boston MA 02125
Phone 617-727-2816
Email archives@sec.state.ma.us
Hours and Directions

Visitors can make their own copies from the microfilmed copies or request certified copies per their rules. The archives only has the amended records up to v. 69 (1920). They have an online index to the records for 1841 to 1910 that is searchable for first name, last name, town, start year, end year, and type of record. Note that this is exact spelling searches only. Photocopies of records can be ordered by email and an invoice will be included with the photocopies. Certified copies ($3.00 each) must be request in person or by mail with prepayment. No more than five requests per order, please.

These records can be viewed online in two locations:

New England Historic Genealogical Society
99 - 101 Newbury Street
Boston MA 02116
Phone 888-296-3447

The NEHGS has two online databases at their American Ancestors website for 1841 to 1910 and 1911 to 1915. You must be a member of the Society to access these indexes and the actual records which are linked from this index. The records are searchable in the same manner as the Mass. Archives above, though the last name can be searched by Soundex. If you go to the library, there are book indexes in five-year blocks for births, 1900-1950, marriages, 1900-1955, 1966-1970, and deaths, 1900-1980. They also have the amended birth records indexes for to 1929 (1 v.) [going back to 1841], to 1944 (2 v.), to 1962 (3 v.), to 1965 (1 v.), and to 1968 (1 v.). These indexes beyond 1920 are not generally available elsewhere.

Family History Library
35 North West Temple Street
Salt Lake City UT 84150
Phone 866-406-1830

This library and its many branches (where you can borrow the microfilm for a small fee) will have all the same records as listed above. You can access online for free:

fold3.com ($)

This site has the statewide vital records index, 1841-1895 that is searchable, but also browsable in its original form: separate birth, marriage, and death with separate indexes for each five-year period.

Ancestry has the following Massachusetts Vital Record Indexes:

Top of Page || Top of VRs

1921 - present

The original state records are held by:

Registry of Vital Records and Statistics
150 Mount Vernon St., 1st Floor
Dorchester MA 02125
Phone 617-740-2600
Email vital.recordsrequest@state.ma.us
They have limited research hours

This office only makes certified copies of vital records. There are several ways to purchases copies both online and in person. This office also has the amended birth records after v. 69 (1920) and a statewide index to divorces from 1952 to the present (though the record itself will be with the probate court). There is a computerized index for the most recent records and five-year block indexes for births, marriages, and deaths onsite.

Every five years, another block of five years is transferred to the State Archives and at the same time is made available through the Family History Library. These records are open to the public, with some restrictions on certain birth and marriage records. The original town copies are always open to the public.

Ancestry has the following Massachusetts Vital Record Indexes:

Top of Page || Top of VRs

Divorce Records

Divorce records have been handled by the probate court system since 1922 and commonly filed where the couple last lived together. These are public records (with minor exceptions). There is a statewide index that starts in 1952 at the Registry listed above. Before that, the county Superior Court had jurisdiction. From 1786 to 1887, all cases were administered through the Supreme Judicial Court. All these records are held at the Judicial Archives in the Mass. Archives facility. The earliest divorce records are scattered through a variety of courts who held joint jurisdiction.

The Supreme Judicial Court created a fact sheet for the public in 2004 and the summary of it is below:

Dates Description
1639-1692 Divorce petitions were filed in a variety of courts, including the county courts, the General Court, and the Court of Assistants. Records of the General Court and the Court of Assistants have been published. The Original records are available in the Suffolk Files Collection, the Massachusetts Archives Collection, and in the county courts.
1692-1775 Divorces were heard by the Governor and Council (from 1755 to 1757, six petitions were heard by the General Court). The original records are found in the Massachusetts Archives Collection, Suffolk Files Collection, and the county courts.
1775-1785 The Council had jurisdiction then. Search for them in the Massachusetts Archives Collection and the Council records.
1785-1796 The Massachusetts Acts and Resolves granted jurisdiction over divorce to the Supreme Judicial Court (SJC). These original records are in the Suffolk Files Collection. Check the microfilm "county index" in the Archives reading room. They will refer to various SJC Record Books. See the chart below for these record books.
1796-1887 The divorce will be in the Supreme Judicial Court in the county in which the couple was residing. Most of the Record Books are indexed (see location chart below). These records will have a summary of the grounds for divorce, date and place of marriage, where the couple lived until the divorce, and sometimes the names and ages of the children. The file papers are generally in the year and term that the divorce was finalized (i.e. six months after it was granted) and arranged by docket (case) number. Post 1860 file papers are in off-site storage. See the Judicial Archivist for information to see these records.
1887 Jurisdiction over divorces was moved to the Superior Court. These records are indexed chronologically in separate divorce docket books. The Judicial Archives (in the same building with the Mass. Archives) has divorce indexes and/or docket books on microfilm in the Archives reading room for all counties except for Barnstable, Dukes, and Nantucket counties. Those are in their respective Superior Court.
1922 The Probate and Family Court began hearing divorce concurrently with the Superior, though most came to this court. Each probate court kept alphabetical indexes to these records. There is a statewide index since 1952 at the Registry of Vital Records and Statistics (listed above).

For the location of the records, use the chart below that was created by the Supreme Judicial Court Archives in 2004:

Location of Massachusetts Divorce Records
County Supreme Judicial Court SJC Microfilm Superior Court SC Microfilm
Barnstable All records in courthouse n/a n/a n/a
Berkshire SJC Record Books in the Judicial Archives and microfilm available at the Berkshire Athenaeum in Pittsfield n/a SC records and index card file in Judicial Archives 1888-1927 in Archives Reading Room
Bristol SJC Record Books in the Judicial Archives 1862-1889 in Archives Reading Room SC Divorce dockets in the Judicial Archives. The file papers in the Superior Court, Taunton Divorce Dockets in Archives Reading Room
Dukes n/a n/a n/a n/a
Essex SJC Record Books in courthouse, Salem, and file papers in off-site storage. A consolidated index, 1785-1904, on microfilm in Archives Reading Room 1797-1820 in Archives Reading Room 1887-1927 SC Divorce indexes in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage.
Probate Court Divorce Index, 1922-1944, in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage
See consolidated index in Archives Reading Room
Franklin SJC Record Books in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage 1872-1887 in Archives Reading Room SC Divorce Record Books in Judicial Archives. The index is at the courthouse in Greenfield. The file papers are in off-site storage In Archives Reading Room
Hampden SJC Record Books in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage SJC Divorce Index in Archives Reading Room SC Divorce Dockets and file papers in off-site storage Divorce Index in Archives Reading Room
Hampshire SJC Record Books and file papers in Judicial Archives n/a SC Divorce Record Books in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage n/a
Middlesex SJC Record Books in Judicial Archives 1807-1887 in Archives Reading Room SC Divorce Dockets in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage 1887-1938 in Archives Reading Room
Nantucket All records in courthouse n/a n/a n/a
Norfolk SJC Record Books in Judicial Archives n/a SC Divorce Dockets in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage n/a
Plymouth SJC Record Books in Judicial Archives 1813-1889 in Archives Reading Room SC Dockets and index in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage Dockets and index in Archives Reading Room
Suffolk SJC Record Books and file papers in Judicial Archives 1760-1786 in Archives Reading Room and 1786-1804 in Suffolk Files Collection SC Divorce Record Books and index in Superior Court Civil Clerk's office and file papers in off-site storage 1887-1916 in Archives Reading Room
Worcester SJC Record Books in Judicial Archives 1797-1887 in Archives Reading Room SC Divorce Dockets (1887-1890 vol. missing) and index in Judicial Archives and file papers in off-site storage 1887-1936 Docket Books and index in Archives Reading Room
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Adoption Records

Like most all states, Massachusetts seals the records of adoption that include the original birth certificate with the biological parents. These records stay sealed unless opened by court order. Who can see this sealed information is limited by law. There is no way a person can know they are adopted without being told by someone. There are several registries online set up to assist adoptees and biological parents help find each other. To order your pre-adoption birth certificate, download the instructions and form.

To learn more about the history of adoption in Massachusetts, see Joseph Ben-Or, "The Law of Adoption in the United States: Its Massachusetts Origins and the Statute of 1851" in The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 130 [1976]: 259-269, and online at American Ancestors ($).

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Bibliography
  • John Ballard Blake, "The Early History of Vital Statistics in Massachusetts" in Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 29 [1955]: 46-68.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Charles Cowley, "Judicial Falsifications of History" in the New England Magazine and Bay State Montly, May 1886.
    Digital version at New England Magazine.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • David Cressy, "The Seasonality of Marriage in Old and New England" in Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 16 [1985]: 1-21.
    Digital version at Jstor ($).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Historical Records Survey - Massachusetts, Guide to the Public Vital Records in Massachusetts (Boston, 1942), 342 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 A3hr (Los Angeles and Logan only).
  • Robert Rene Kuczynski, "The Registration Laws in the Colonies of Massachusetts Bay and New Plymouth" in American Statistical Association Publications, 7 [1900-1901]: 65-73.
    Digital version at Jstor (free).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Chester F. Sanger, "The Divorce Legislation of Massachusetts" in Bay State Monthly, 3 [1885]: 27-32.
    Digital version at Bookmate, page 68 of this file, or as a text file at Gutenberg, search text for title.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
Thanks to the Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants for their contributions to this page
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Land Records

The earliest settlers in this region were issued patents or charters directly or through various types of companies established for settlement and/or trade. See the Historical Data table to identify these early documents. Once the two major colonies were settled (i.e. Plymouth Colony and Massachusetts Bay Colony), land was distributed by their colonial governments through grants. Massachusetts Bay Colony established a county system in 1643 and land was recorded in the county deeds from then on. Plymouth Colony used a centralized system and recorded these deeds colony-wide from 1620 to 1685 until it finally established a county system in 1685. The land records for the area now called Maine were always kept separately first entirely as was later was called York County. For each of these areas, land was granted for many years after the initial settlement as the colony expanded into uncharted territory given to it under the various patents and charters. All subsequent sales were recorded by the county. Though the vast majority of land transactions were recorded, it was not a requirement that this be done. It was in the best interest of the owner to do so, and legal advantages were given to such recordings. To search for land records, see the guide for the county of interest and use the resources found there.

For counties with online records, the "recorded land" is what is microfilmed and constitutes the majority of the records. There are "registered land" deeds that go through land court. These are deeds are court approved as having clear title (i.e. no encumbrances). It you do not find anything in the first section, always search registered land for deeds since 1899.

Court System

Understanding the Massachusetts Court System

This is the history of the court system. It is broken up into historical periods and then a discussion of special courts, records, legal definitions, and bibliography. Realize that except for the upper courts, all records and actions were on the county level. To find detailed information regarding a particular county's courts, see that county page from the links provided above.

Quick Links to court history
Plymouth Colony Massachusetts Bay Dominion of New England
Provincial Period Commonwealth Period Lower/Trial Courts
Special Courts
Admiralty Court Coroners Court Boston Municipal
Probate Court Land Court Juvenile Court
Housing Court
Records Legal Age Bibliography

Colonial Period (1620-1686) – Plymouth Colony

The Peirce Patent was a charter from the Virginia Company issued to the Merchant Adventurers in 1620 for the settlement of the Pilgrims in the northerly part of the Virginia territory. This patent was never in use because the Pilgrims settled outside this territory. Thus, the adult male passengers created the document they called a “combination” and now called the “Mayflower Compact” to give a governance structure to the Plymouth settlement. The Second Peirce Patent was issued in 1621 from the Council for New England for the area they settled. The Bradford Patent of 1629 (of “purchasers”) gave the settlers legal status as residents, but did not create a basis for laws as royal charters would did for other colonies.

Though having no legal authority to do so, but in the best interest of the settlers, the “combination” was an agreement of the adult males of the settlement to establish a “civil body politic” and make just laws, acts, etc. for the general good of the colony. From this single act, the group elected a governor and several assistants to govern them (though we do not have knowledge of how that was decided). On 17 December 1623 (but recorded in 1627), the first order of the Court was that all criminal acts, matters of trespass, and debts between men would be tried by a jury of twelve honest men. Historians have determined that they cobbled together Common Law and filled it in with Mosaic Law. The laws were first codified in 1636 and revised in 1658, 1672, and 1685.

By 1636, the Governor and seven Assistants were elected annually by the freemen of the colony for the term of one year according to the former custom and that constables and other inferior officers also were chosen. The Governor, Board of Assistants (being seven freemen of the colony), and the freemen of the colony met quarterly as the General Court (1623-1692). They functioned as the legislature and court. They heard capital cases of treason, rebellion, willful murder, conversing with the devil by way of witchcraft, burning of ships or houses, sodomy, rapes, and buggery. The Magistrate Court (1623?-1692) heard cases of fornication, swearing, lying, stealing, embezzling, drunkenness, gaming, lascivious carriage, burning fences, defacing boundary markers, using tobacco, setting fires in the woods, forgery, stealing public records, denying the Scriptures as the rule of life, being absent from church, and keeping the Sabbath. The Court of Assistants (1623-1692) was the meeting of the Governor and at least two Assistants and handled all cases under £40 penalty.

County Courts (1685-1692) were established when the counties were created following the model of Massachusetts Bay Colony.

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Colonial Period (1629-1686) – Massachusetts Bay

The Charter of 1629 issued by the King established the General Court (1629-1692) that met quarterly to make, ordain, and establish all manner of wholesome and reasonable orders, laws, statutes, and ordinances, directions, and instructions not contrary to the laws of England and to settle the forms and ceremonies of government and magistracy fit and necessary so that the people may be religiously, peaceably, and civilly governed. All the freemen met and acted as the General Court. The court chose annually the governor, deputy government, and eighteen assistants who acted as the Court of Assistants (1630-1692) when the General Court was not in session and with its full authority to correct, punish, pardon, govern, and rule. Members of the Assistants were given the powers of Justices of the Peace and called Magistrates. These magistrates could hear civil suits under than 20 shilling (increased to 40 shillings in 1647) and handle misdemeanors such of profanity or drunkenness in their own towns.

The Inferior Quarter Courts were established in 1639 as a circuit county court composed of the county magistrates where the court was sitting with a jury in Ipswich, Salem, Cambridge (Newtown), and Boston. This court took over all the cases of the Court of Assistants except those with damages over £10, divorce, and cases of life, member, and banishment. These courts were renamed County Court (1636-1692).

This three-tiered system was in place throughout the colonial period. It focused on the magistrates who controlled the legal affairs. When they sat alone in their town, they handled all the minor cases for the town. The more serious cases rose to the level where all the magistrates of the county sat together with a jury to decide the cases. The most serious issues were handled the eighteen magistrates assembled together (called the “Assistants”) with the Governor and Deputy Governor, or with the freemen of the colony, to pass judgment on the major cases of the day.

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Dominion of New England (1686-1689)

The charter of Massachusetts Bay was revoked in 1684 by King Charles II who tried to reign in this theocratically ruled colony while also streamlining the administration of several other nearby colonies. Initially, the Dominion comprised Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth Colony, Province of New Hampshire, Province of Maine, and the Narragansett Country of present-day Washington Co., R.I. Formal change did not occur until 1686 with the arrival of Joseph Dudley in Boston and the assent of King James II. Dudley added the colonies of Connecticut and Rhode Island before Edmund Andros arrived at the end of the year. Andros attempted to design Dominion laws to more closely mirror those in England. By 1688, Andros added the provinces of New York, East Jersey, and West Jersey to the Dominion though governance of these areas was weak because the distance from the seat at Boston was too great even with a satellite office in New York City. King James II was overthrown in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. This news traveled back to Boston where the local mob jailed Andros in April of 1689 which officially ended the Dominion.

During this period, the General Court was abolished and the Court of Assistants replaced by a Governor and Council (1686-1689) appointed by the Crown. A Superior Court of Judicature (1686-1689) was established as the highest authority. The County Court was split between the Court of Common Pleas for civil cases and the Court of General Sessions for criminal cases. Magistrates were replaced by Justices of the Peace with the same powers. All this ended in April of 1689 and the former colonies and provinces returned to their former structure until new royal charters were issued in 1692.

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Provincial Period (1692-1780)

In 1692, the General Court was restored as the legislative body with jurisdiction over all of Massachusetts Bay Colony (that comprised present-day Massachusetts and Maine). The province maintained the three-tiered court system. It immediately established the Governor and Council (1692-1780) that had authority over divorce and probate appeals. The Superior Court of Judicature (1692-1780) was the highest appellate (i.e. appeals court) and the trial court for capital criminal cases, civil cases over £10, and some equity matters. It was a circuit court moving between counties with a grand jury and at times two trial juries.

The county Court of General Sessions (1692-1827) heard all criminal cases before a bench of justices of the peace. They also had authority over county affairs (levying taxes, highways, licenses for liquor, jails, and administration of poor laws). Its partner, the Inferior Court of Common Pleas (1692-1859), heard the civil cases of the county. These courts met quarterly and handled no cases under £40 unless it was on appeal from the lower court. The lowest court was the Justice of the Peace (1687-present) and these justices were appointed by the governor. The justices heard criminal cases (drunkenness, rioting, and violations of Sabbath) and civil cases under £40. This court sat in the justice’s house where he kept the minutes and collected the fines. Defendants appeared by summons via the county sheriff or town constable.

Note that though there were interruptions on the courts sitting in Boston in 1775 and 1776, the court’s jurisdiction and process remained unchanged.

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Commonwealth Period (1780-present)
MA Supreme Judicial Court and Appeals Court.jpg
The Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 created a separation of powers and allowed that the other branches may require an opinion from the Supreme Judicial Court on questions of law. This was one of the few instances where advisory jurisdiction was given in the country and is found nowhere at the federal level. The highest courts from other states needing to rule on a Massachusetts state law that had not been previous rendered could send the question to the court for their ruling. Judges for the Supreme Judicial Court were allowed to hold their office as long as they “behaved themselves” and all current appointments prior to the Constitution were continued thus keeping the legal authority of this court from its establishment as the Superior Court of Judicature in 1692, but renaming it as the Supreme Judicial Court (1780-present). Its jurisdiction was codified in 1782 as taking cases by appeal, writ of error, capital offenses, and “every Crime whatsoever that is against the public good” [St.1782, c.9].

Divorce was moved from under the Governor and Council to the Supreme Judicial Court in 1785 [St.1785, c.69]. The court continued as a circuit court, sitting in various counties by mandate of the legislature. To this point, all records were recorded and maintained by the clerk in Boston (Suffolk County). Starting in 1797, the records were recorded in the county the court sat by the clerk of that county’s Court of Common Pleas (being made a clerk of the Supreme Judicial Court for that county when the court was in session there). The exception to that rule was that Suffolk County recorded the sessions held in Nantucket County; Barnstable County recorded the sessions held in Dukes County; and Lincoln County recorded the sessions for Lincoln, Hancock, and Washington counties. [St.1796, c.95]

There were two sessions of the court. One heard capital offenses, appeals from probate, and all issues in law that were tried by three or more judges (the number of judges varied over the years between four and seven) and the other heard all other actions (i.e. cases not being appealed by a lower court) and was tried by a single judge that was subject to review by the whole court. This was also the year that the Reports of Supreme Judicial Court started publishing annually [St.1804, c.105]. This practice of taking actions not on appeal was called nisi prius (Latin for “unless first”), meaning it became the court of original jurisdiction. A second trial on the facts on appeal to this court was abolished in 1817. The legislature clarified the jurisdiction between the Supreme Judicial Court and the then statewide Court of Common Pleas in 1840 [St.1840, c.87] that remained in effect until the reorganization of the court system in 1859.

The changes in 1859 did not affect this court as the streamlining generally reshaped the lower courts. Over time, the Supreme Judicial Court’s focus was narrowed (see Menand’s book, pages 39 to 41, cited in the references). Divorce was removed to a lower court in 1887 [St.1887, c.332]. An Appeals Court (1972-present) was added with the Supreme Judicial Court to help with the backlog of cases and covers all the state, but normally sits in Boston [St.1972, c.740]. The Supreme Judicial Court is the superintendent over all inferior courts and maintains full authority over all court records.
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Lower Courts (i.e. Trial Courts)
MA Superior Court.jpg
The middle tier courts continued to function as before the Constitution. Specific jurisdictions shifted back and forth between the two middle-tier courts. Boston and Suffolk County developed a separate court system in this tier. In 1799, the Municipal Court of the Town of Boston (1799-1859) had been given authority over all criminal cases in Boston [St.1799, c.81] and renamed the Municipal Court of the City of Boston in 1822 [St.1822, c.13]. The Boston Court of Common Pleas (1813-1820) was created to handle all civil case that would have gone to the Suffolk County Court of Common Pleas in 1813 [St.1813, c.173]. After Maine separated from the Commonwealth in 1820, the Circuit Court of Common Pleas and the Boston Court of Common Pleas was replaced by a Court of Common Pleas for the Commonwealth (1820-1859) that heard both civil and criminal cases [St.1820, c.79]. The Court of General Sessions was phased out and by 1827 ceased to exist in all counties. A Superior Court for Suffolk County (1855-1859) was established in 1855 to handle all civil cases in that county [St.1855, c.449].

This entire system was reorganized in 1859 and born out of this was the new Superior Court (1859-present) that combined the powers of all the previous courts into one. The court sat four, instead of two, times to accommodate both the criminal and civil case load. There were tweaks to this system along the way. The major changes were bringing general equity jurisdiction to the court in 1883 [St.1883, c.223], having Middlesex and Suffolk counties keep a separate docket for this in 1892 [St.1892, c.439 – though changed with uniform civil procedures in 1974], and the court having exclusive original jurisdiction over capital crimes in 1891 [St.1891, c.379]. See Menand’s book, pages 53 to 57, for further details on jurisdiction changes and description of the Appellate Division (1943-present) and the court reorganization in 1978.

The lowest court as discussed above was the Justice of the Peace. The powers established in 1687 were continually eroded away and now they only have the authority to perform marriages, acknowledgements (i.e. notary), administer certain oaths, take depositions, and call meetings of various proprietor groups and corporations. These were technically court records though the justice sat in their own dwelling, the records often passed off as personal papers that are commonly found in historical societies and university libraries. The Boston Police Court (1821-1866) was established as the first police court in the Commonwealth with the authority of the Court of Commons Pleas for the Commonwealth in Suffolk County [St.1821, c.79 and St.1822, c.109]. More such police courts were created starting in 1831 with separate parameters for each of them. In every instance, the police court exclusively assumed most of the powers from the Justice of the Peace. Criminal cases were removed from the justices in 1856 [St.1856, c.138] and civil cases in 1877 [St.1877, c.211].

The court reorganization of 1859 standardized the work and function of the police courts. The District Court concept started in Berkshire County with the District Court of Central Berkshire that had jurisdiction over Pittsfield and seven adjacent towns with the powers of a police court centralized over a larger area [St. 1869, c. 416]. The rest of Berkshire County was divided into two more districts in the following year and this style of the lowest court spread across the Commonwealth. By 1921, the remaining thirteen police courts were renamed and the establishment of the District Court (1921-present) was solidified and uniform across the entire Commonwealth [G.L.1921, c.218]. These courts had jurisdiction over crimes punishable by jail sentences up to five years and some felony crimes up to ten years, and some juvenile matters where Juvenile Courts did not exist. They shared responsibility over probate matters involving children. The court sat for small claims and civil actions where the plaintiff did not wish to have a jury trial. An Appellate Division (1922-present) was added for civil actions.
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Special Courts

The Massachusetts court system has maintained a three-tiered system for most of history. As the case load of special area grew, the Commonwealth created special courts for these cases while preserving the basic structure.

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Admiralty Court

These maritime cases were first heard by the Court of Assistants in Massachusetts Bay Colony. Under the second charter in 1692, this court was pulled out as a separate civil law court with judges appointed by the King and not part of the provincial court system. During the Revolution and after, this court was established in Plymouth, Ipswich, and North Yarmouth. These courts ceased with the adoption of the federal constitution in 1786 and these matters transferred to the new U.S. District Court. The records of these courts are part of the Suffolk Files Collection.

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Coroners Court

Appointed coroners along with a jury made inquests on deaths and reported their findings to the County Court. After the second charter in 1692, the findings were reported to the Court of Assize and the Court of General Sessions.

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Boston Municipal Court (1866-present)

Though basically a district court, it is administered separately [St.1866, c.279]. It is the heir of the Boston Police Court (1821-1866) which met daily for criminal cases and bi-weekly for civil cases. The jurisdiction extends over all of Suffolk County for certain cases (see Menand’s book, pages 71 to 73, cited in the references). An Appellate Division was created in 1912 [St.1912, c.649]. With the court reorganization of 1978, it became the Boston Municipal Court Department of the Trial Court [St.1978, c.478].

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Probate Court (1783-present)
MA Probate and Family Court.jpg
This type of court case has always been present and the records reach back unbroken to the settlement of the two colonies, but it was first the County Court and then the Governor and Council who handled probate cases. The Constitution of 1780 mentioned probate judges, but the legislature codified the scope as the probate of wills, administration of estates, and appointment of guardians for minor and “distracted persons” [St.1783, c.46]. It is a court of equity, not common law, and provides remedies. Because of legislation, the probate courts have added jurisdiction over adoption (1851), divorce (1887/1922), change of name (1854), and domestic relations. Marriage was never based in common law in Massachusetts and was performed by magistrates. As such, it has always been a civil contract. The Royal Charter allowed for marriages to be performed by justices of the peace or by a settled minister in 1692 [P.L.1692-3, c.25], but it remained a contract. All issues relating to marriage are handled by the probate court, such as women’s petitions for separate estates, annulment, and affirmation of marriages. The names of this court have evolved from Probate Court (1783-1858) and that had an Insolvency Court (1856-1858). These two combined to be called the Probate and Insolvency (1858-1978). The court reorganization in 1978 renamed it to Probate and Family Court (1978-present).

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Land Court (1898-present)

The Court of Registration (1898-1900) was legislated to register title of land to deal with real and personal property (generally of deceased persons) while simplifying land transfers [St.1898, c.562]. The name was changed to the Court of Land Registration (1900-1904) and then the present Land Court in 1904. The court normal sits in Boston, but can sit in other locations and covers the entire Commonwealth. The court oversees foreclosures, redemption from tax titles, recovery of freehold estates, petitions to try, and determines the validity of encumbrances and discharges of mortgage. It has authority over interest in real estate and petitions to determine boundaries of flats, county, city, town, or districts, can enforce restrictions, and validate municipal zoning ordinances and bylaws. Appeals from zoning board decisions are handled here.

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Juvenile Court

Children were identified as a special class tracing back to 1641 in Massachusetts Bay Colony. The probate wing of a court first handled children and then these family matters fell under the Probate Court. The first specialized court was the Boston Juvenile Court (1906). Young offenders were to be treated as children in need of aid, not as a criminal. A delinquent child was defined as between seven and seventeen years who violated a town ordinate or committed an offense not punishable by death or life imprisonment. Courts have been since been opened in Springfield (1969), Worcester (1969), and New Bedford (1972). These courts were reorganized in 1978 as the Juvenile Court Department.

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Housing Court

Matters relating to State Sanitary Code, building regulation and inspection, fire precaution, rubbish disposal, landlord and tenant disputes, and any other law concerning health, safety, or welfare of any occupant of any place of human habitation are handled by District Courts. A Boston Housing Court (1971), Hampden County Court (1973), and Worcester Housing Court (1983) [to which Bellingham was added in 1985] were created for these areas. They are now all divisions of the Housing Court Department of the Trial Court.

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Records

The records from the above courts are reviewed on the Massachusetts, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, and appropriate county pages. All records are under the authority and control of the Supreme Judicial Court.

The court records have three general types of records: docket books, record books, and file papers. Docket books for civil actions outline the actions heard by the court in chronological order. Cases are routinely continued to another term of the court. In criminal cases, these books are called minute books. Record books are summaries made at the end of a case about the plaintiff, defendant, the action, damages sought, and the history of the case. The file papers are the original documents submitted to the court. There are rarely more than a few documents in the case before the nineteenth century. All documents provide an insight into the case, but genealogists tend to look for the summaries, depositions from witnesses (to learn more about the witness more than the parties to the case), and warnings out.

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Legal Definition of Age

This series of definitions of the age someone can legally do something comes from Giles Jacob, A New Law-Dictionary (Savoy, 1750):
Man:

12: take an oath of Allegiance to the King.
14: “age of discretion” so that he can consent to marriage and chose a guardian.
16: able to bear arms.[1]
21: may alien his lands, goods, and chattels.
24: can be ordained a priest.
30: can be a bishop.

Woman:

09: is dowable, i.e. able to have / receive a dower.
12: may consent to marriage.
14: “age of discretion” and may chose a guardian.
21: may alien her lands, goods, and chattels.

Person:

14: may dispose of goods and personal estate by will, though not of land until 21. They are generally not punishable for crimes, but must pay damages for trespass. They may be witnesses in any court action or function, and in some ages give evidence by age 9.
21: full age to contract and manage for themselves, and can be executor of a will before this time. They can be a member of Parliament.


A person becomes of age at the end of the day preceding the day of their birth. A minor person may purchase something, but arriving at 21 can disagree to it. Age Prier is an action being brought against a person under age for lands which he has by descent. He may petition the court to stay the action until he is of full age (21) to which a court general agrees, but this does not hold for if the minor is the purchaser of the land.

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Bibliography


Guides | Records | References

Guides:

  • Edmund Hatch Bennett, Russell Gray, and Henry W. Swift, Massachusetts Digest of the reported decisions of the Supreme Judicial Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts ... September, 1804 - December, 1879 (Boston, 1906), 8v.
    No digital version online.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Daniel R. Coquillette, "Law in Colonial Massachusetts, 1630-1800" as Colonial Society of Massachusetts Publications, vol. 62 (Boston, 1984), lxviii, 608 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 P3L.
  • John D. Cushing, comp., A Bibliography of the Laws and Resolves of the Massachusetts Bay, 1642-1780 (Wilmington, Del., 1984), xxiv, 372 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Catherine S. Menand, A Research Guide to the Massachusetts Courts and Their Records (Boston, 1987), 135 pp., 1 microfiche.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 P2m.
  • Michael S. Hindus, et al., The Records of the Massachusetts Superior Court and Its Predecessors: An Inventory and Guide (Boston, 1977), 93 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • William Jeffrey, Early New England Court Records: A Bibliography of Published Materials (Cambridge, Mass., 1954), 27 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL film 234519.
  • Mary Ann Neary, et al., Handbook of Legal Research in Massachusetts (Boston, rev. ed., 2002), 1v. (loose-leaf).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Diane Rapaport, New England Court Records: A Research Guide for Genealogists and Historians (Burlington, Mass., 2006), xv, 470 pp..
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974 P27r.
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Records and inventories:

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References:

  • David Grayson Allen, In English Ways: The Movement of societies and the transferal of English local law and custom to Massachusetts Bay in the Seventeenth Century (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1981), xxi, 312 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 H6a.
  • Thomas E. Atkinson, "The Development of the Massachusetts Probate System" in Michigan Law Review, 42 [1943-1944]: 425-452.
    Digital versions at [www.jstor.org/stable/1283518 Jstor] ($) or HeinOnline ($).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Viola F. Barnes, The Dominion of New England, a study in British Colonial Policy (New Haven, Conn., 1923), viii, 303 pp..
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • Melville Madison Bigelow, "Primogeniture in Massachusetts" in Massachusetts Historical Society Publications, 45 [1911-1912]: 34-35.
    Digital version at Jstor (free).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 C4p v. 45.
  • Barbara Aronstein Black, "The Judicial Power and the General Court in Early Massachusetts (1634-1686)," Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale Univ., 1975, vii, 373 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Frank E. Bradbury, "Laws and Courts of the Massachusetts Bay Colony" in Bostonian Society Publications, 10 [1913]: 129-159.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.461 H25b v. 10.
  • Ellen Elizabeth Brennan, "The Massachusetts Council of the Magistrates" in New England Quarterly, 4 [1931]: 54-93.
    Digital version at Jstor ($).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Virginia G. Cartoof, "Massachusetts' Parental Consent Law: Origins, Implementation and Impact," Ph.D. Dissertation, Brandeis Univ., 1985, 228 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Zechariah Chafee Jr., “Colonial Courts and the Common Law” in David F. Flaherty, ed., Essays in the History of Early American Law (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1969), x, 534 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • Daniel R. Coquillette, ed., Law in Colonial Massachusetts 1630-1800 (Boston, 1984), being v. 62 of the Publications of The Colonial Society of Massachusetts, lxviii, 608 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 P3L.
  • Cornelius Dalton, John Clark Wirkkala, and Anne Thomas, Leading the Way: A History of the Massachusetts General Court, 1629-1980 (Boston, 1985), 489 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • William T. Davis, History of the Judiciary of Massachusetts, including the Plymouth and Massachusetts Colonies, the province of the Massachusetts Bay, and the Commonwealth (Boston, 1900), xxiv, 446 pp.
    Digital versions at Internet Archive and Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 P2d.
  • James Deetz and Patricia Scott Deetz, The Times of Their Lives: Life, Love, and Death in Plymouth Colony (New York, 2000), xvi, 366 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • Alan J. Dimond, The Superior Court of Massachusetts: Its Origin and Development (Boston, 1960), xii, 187 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • James Smith Garland, Massachusetts Town Law; a digest of statutes and decisions concerning towns and town officers ... (Boston, 1908), iv, 226 pp.
    Digital version of 1906 edition at Internet Archive.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Julius Goebel Jr., “King’s Law and Local Custom in Seventeenth Century New England” in David F. Flaherty, ed., Essays in the History of Early American Law (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1969), x, 534 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
    Julius Goebel, "King's Law and Local Custom in Seventeenth-Century New England" [for Plymouth Colony] in the Columbia Law Review, 31 [1931]: 416-448.
    Digital version at Jstor ($).
    .WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • George Lee Haskins, "The Beginning of the Recording System in Massachusetts" [i.e. deeds, morgages, etc.] in Boston University Law Review, 21 [1941]: 281-304.
    Digital version at HeinOnline ($).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • George L. Haskins, Law and Authority in Early Massachusetts: A Study in Tradition and Design (New York, 1960), xvi, 298 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • George L. Haskins, “Reception of the Common Law in Seventeenth Century Massachusetts: A Case Study” in George Althan Billias, ed., Law and Authority in Colonial America (Barre, Mass., 1965), xxi, 208 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • George L. Haskins, “The Legal Heritage of Plymouth Colony” in David F. Flaherty, ed., Essays in the History of Early American Law (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1969), x, 534 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • George L. Haskins, “The Beginnings of Partible Inheritance in the American Colonies” in David F. Flaherty, ed., Essays in the History of Early American Law (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1969), x, 534 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • Hendrik Hartog, “The Public Law of a County Court; Judicial Government in Eighteenth Century Massachusetts” in American Journal of Legal History, 20 [1976]: 282-329.
    Digital version online at Jstor ($).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 973 B2ajL v. 20.
  • Charles Joseph Hilkey, Legal Development in Colonial Massachusetts, 1630-1686 (New York, 1910), 148 pp.
    Digital version at Internet Archive.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Mark de Wolfe Howe and Louis F. Eaton, "The Supreme Judicial Power in the Colony of Massachusetts" in New England Quarterly, 20 [1947]: 291-316.
    Digital version at Jstor ($).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • George D. Langdon Jr., Pilgrim Colony: A History of New Plymouth, 1620-1691 (New Haven, Conn., 1966), xi, 257 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • Albert Mason, "A Short History of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts" in Massachusetts Law Quarterly, 2 [1916-1917]: 82-100.
    Digital version at Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • William E. Nelson, Americanization of the Common Law: The Impact of Legal Change in Massachusetts Society, 1760-1830 (Cambridge, Mass., 1975), ix, 269 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • John Noble, “A Few Notes on Admiralty Jurisdiction in the Colony and in the Province of the Massachusetts Bay” in the Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts, 8 [1905]: 3-38 and Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts: Transactions, 1902-1904, 8 [1906]: 150-186.
    Digital versions at Internet Archive and Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL film 844521.
  • Russell K. Osgood, ed., The History of the Law in Massachusetts: The Supreme Judicial Court 1692-1992 (Boston, 1992), 790 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • D. C. Parnes, Plymouth and the Common Law, 1620-1775 (Kingston, 1971), 59 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • George E. Pearson, "The Great and General Court of Massachusetts, 1628-1691: A Study of its Early History with Special Reference to its Organization," Ph.D. Dissertation, Tufts Univ., 1910, viii, 116 pp.
    No digital version.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • George E. Pearson, "Origin of the Massachusetts General Court" in New England Magazine, 54 [1915-1916]: 33-38.
    No digital version.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Plymouth Colony Archives Project at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, “Legal Structure” at www.histarch.uiuc.edu/plymouth/ccflaw.html.
  • Edwin Powers, Crime and Punishment in Early Massachusetts, 1620-1692: A Documentary History (Boston, 1966), xiii, 647 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); not at FHL.
  • James P. Ronda, "Red and White at the bench: Indians and the Law in Plymouth Colony" in Essex Institute Historical Collections, 110 [1974]: 200-215.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974 B2e v. 110.
  • Ronald Kingman Snell, "The County Magistracy in Eighteenth-Century Massachusetts: 1692-1750," Ph.D. Dissertation, Princeton Univ., 1971, ix, 384 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Joseph H. Smith, Colonial Justice in Western Massachusetts (1639-1702) (Cambridge, Mass., 1961), ix, 426 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 P2c.
  • Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History & People 1620-1691 (Salt Lake City, 1986), xi, 481 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 H2s.
  • Emory Washburn, Sketches of the Judicial History of Massachusetts from 1630 to the Revolution in 1775 (Boston, 1840), 407 pp.
    Digital versions at Internet Archive and Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • William Henry Whitmore, A Bibliographical Sketch of the Laws of the Massachusetts Colony from 1630 to 1686 (Boston, 1890), xliii, 150 pp.
    Digital version at Internet Archive and Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.

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Cemeteries

Cemeteries are operated privately or by the town or city government. Massachusetts is fortunate to have a statewide guide for all known cemeteries within the state:

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Census

State Census

Quick Links to State Census
Record Lost Bibliography

The first census was taken in 1765. It enumerated statistically the number of houses, families, and people who were categorized under white males, white females (each with the number above and below age 16), Negro and Mulatto, Indians (each with the number of males and females), and French Neutrals (male and female, both above and below age 16). The town tallies were published at the end of Benton's book listed below.

The Provincial Congress needing to raise funds in 1775 determined it should be done by the population of the colonies. By an act on 16 Feb. 1776, the General Court of Massachusetts ordered a census to be taken to include the name of the heads of each family, number of white people, number of Negroes and Mulattoes, and the whole number within each family. These returned were to be submitted by each town.

The Congress again wanted an enumeration in 1781, but that resulted in creating estimates based on the current polls at the time. The Congress requested another census on 17 Feb. 1783 and Massachusetts responded in 1784 for an "accurate account of the quantity of land within this Commonwealth granted to, or surveyed for, any person, the number of buildings thereon, and of its inhabitants." Returns by town were to be made to the Secretary of the Commonwealth as of 1 Sept. 1784.

Massachusetts took two censuses in 1837 - one of inhabitants and the other of ratable polls. In 1840, the Commonwealth elected to take their own census along with the one the Federal government was doing. The state count was roughly 20,000 less than the Federal tally for 1840 and 1850. The Commonwealth started its own decennial census in 1855 and these continued through 1975. The only surviving schedules are for 1855 and 1865, and returns for 1915. The Legislature decided to change the basis of representation in the state from inhabitants to legal voters in 1857. At the same time, they repealed the duplicate state census they conducted along side the Federal census. The provision for legal voters was repealed in 1860 and that tally was done in conjunction with the decennial censuses of the state on the fifth year.

For 1855, the census recorded every person by name in the household, age, sex, color, occupation, place of birth, and whether a person was deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict. Enumerators in twenty-two (22) towns listed the exact place of birth. These towns are:
Abington, Andover, Brimfield, Brookline, Carlisle, Dennis, Enfield, Harwich, Holland, Ipswich, Marshfield, New Ashford, North Attleboro, Pembroke, Provinctown, Shutesbury, Wayland, Wellfleet, Westport, Wilmington, and Yarmouth.
These records are available online at FamilySearch as Massachusetts, State Census, 1855.

For 1865, the census recorded every person by name in the household, age, sex, color, place of birth, marital status, occupation, whether a person was deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict, and whether a man was a ratable poll (i.e. over 16 with enough property to be taxed), and a legal voter or a naturalized voter. Enumerators in ninety-six (96) towns listed the exact place of birth. These towns are:
Ashburnham, Ashfield, Bedford, Berlin, Bolton, Boxborough, Brimfield, Brookline, Carlisle, Charlestown, Chatham, Cheshire, Chester, Cummington, Dartmouth, Dennis, Dorchester, Dunstable, Edgartown, Essex, Falmouth, Florida, Foxborough, Framingham, Freetown, Gill, Gosnold, Grafton, Greenwich, Groton, Hadley, Halifax, Hancock, Harwich, Hawley, Holland, Hopkinton, Ipswich, Lee, Leicester, Lenox, Lexington, Leyden, Littleton, Lunenburg, Lynn (Wds. 3-5), Lynnfield, Marlborough, Marshfield, Melrose, Middleton, Milton, Monroe, Monson, Monterey, Needham, New Ashford, New Bedford (Wd. 4), New Salem, North Bridgewater [now Brockton], North Reading, Northfield, Palmer, Pepperell, Quincy, Reading, Rehoboth, Rochester, Rockport, Russell, Scituate, Sharon, Sherborn, Shutesbury, Somerset, South Danvers [now Peabody], Stoughton, Sutton, Swampscott, Tisbury, Uxbridge, Ware, Wareham, Watertown, Wayland, Wellfleet, Wendell, Westborough, Westford, Westminister, Weymouth, Williamsburg, Wilmington, Winthrop, and Yarmouth.
These records are available online at FamilySearch as Massachusetts, State Census, 1865.

This is a short bibliography on the subject of censuses in Massachusetts:

Top of Page | Top of Census

Record Lost

State Censuses of Massachusetts
1945 Lost
1935 Lost
1925 Lost
1915 Lost
1905 Lost
1895 Lost
1885 Lost
1875 Lost
1865 May 1 Exist
1855 June 1 Exist
1850 Lost
1840 Lost
1837 May 1 Lost
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Bibliography

  • Josiah Henry Benton, Early Census Making in Massachusetts, 1643-1765, with a reproduction of the lost census of 1765 (recently found) and documents relating thereto (Boston, 1905), 104 pp.
    Digital versions at Internet Archive or Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • William H. Dumont, "A Short Census of Massachusetts - 1779" in the National Genealogical Society Quarterly, 49: 14-20, 96-100, 137-141; 50: 26-28, 207-214; 51: 44-48.
    This is included because of the title, but it should be noted that this is not a census.
  • Charles Ferris Gettemy, An Historical Survey of Census Taking in Massachusetts (Boston, 1919), 57 pp.
    Digital version at Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Samuel Abbott Green, "The First Census of Massachusetts" [i.e. 1765] in Publications of the American Statistical Association, New Ser., 2 [1890-1891]: 182-185.
    Digital version at Jstor (free).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); Not at FHL.
  • Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore, 1992), 116 pp.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 973 X2Lai.
  • Ann Smith Lainhart, 1855 and 1865 Massachusetts State Censuses For ... (Boston, 1986-1992), in 64 volumes for the seventy-three (73) towns of Acton, Bedford, Billerica, Boxboro, Boxford, Bradford, Bridgewater, Brighton, Burlington, Charlestown (2v.), Chelmsford, Concord, Dracut, Dunstable, Duxbury, East Bridgewater, Essex, Georgetown, Groton, Groveland, Halifax, Hamilton, Hanover, Hanson, Hingham, Holliston, Hopkinton, Hull, Ipswich, Lexington, Lincoln, Littleton, Lynnfield, Manchester, Marlborough, Marshfield, Mattapoisett, Medford, Melrose, Middleborough, Middleton, Nahant, Natick, Newbury, North Andover, North Bridgewater [now Brockton], Pembroke, Plympton, Rochester, Rockport, Saugus, South Reading [now Wakefield], Sherborn, Shirley, Stoneham, Stow, Sudbury, Swampscott, Tewksbury, Topsfield, Townsend, Tyngsborough, Wareham, Watertown, Wayland, Wenham, West Bridgewater, West Cambridge [now Arlington], West Newbury, Westford, Weston, Wilmington, and Winchester.
  • "Old Census of Massachusetts" [1764-65] published in the Columbian Centinel, issue 17 Aug. 1822, p. 1, cols. 2-3.
Top of Page | Top of Census

Federal Census

Massachusetts: Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules[2]
Exact Date Population Schedules Veterans/ Pensioners Slave Owners Mortality Agricultural Industrial/ Manufacturers Defective Indian[3]
1940 Apr. 1 Exist - - - - - - -
1930 Apr. 1 Exist - - - - - - -
1920 Jan. 1 Exist - - - - - - -
1910 Apr. 15 Exist - - - - - - Exist
1900 June 1 Exist - - - - - - Exist
1890 June 2 Lost Exist - - - - - -
1880 June 1 Exist - - Exist Exist Exist Exist -
1870 June 1 Exist - - Exist Exist Exist - -
1860 June 1 Exist - - Exist Exist Exist - -
1850 June 1 Exist - - Exist Exist Exist - -
1840 June 1 Exist Exist - - - - - -
1830 June 1 Exist - - - - - - -
1820 Aug. 7 Exist - - - - Exist - -
1810 Aug. 6 Exist - - - - Lost - -
1800 Aug. 4 Most of Suffolk County missing - - - - - - -
1790 Aug. 2 Exist - - - - - - -
Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Defective - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link
Top of Page | Top of Census

Online Census

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Massachusetts

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Defective - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link