McDuffie County, Georgia Genealogy

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Guide to McDuffie County Georgia genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Georgia
Online Records

McDuffie County, Georgia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Location of Georgia in the U.S.
Founded October 18, 1870
County Seat Thomson
Address McDuffie County Courthouse
337 Main Street
PO Box 158
Thomson, GA 30824-0028
Phone: 706.595.2134
McDuffie County Website

County Courthouse

Probate Court has birth, marriage, death and probate records from 1872;
Clerk Superior Court has divorce from 1872, court and land records
from 1870[1]


Parent County

1870--McDuffie County was created 18 October 1870 from Columbia and Warren Counties.
County seat:  Thomson [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




  • Quaker Records (Baptisms, Births, Marriages, Deaths) from Wrightsboro Meeting House, Thomson, Georgia Georgia Pioneers



Local Histories





Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online..

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

  • 1870-1876 - McDuffie County Marriage Books 1 and 2 Index 1870-1876. Batch M713291 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1877-1895 - McDuffie County Marriage Books 3 and 4 Index 1877-1895. Batch M713292 at FamilySearch - free.[3]

Societies and Libraries 

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), McDuffie County, Georgia. Page 158 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at