Difference between revisions of "Mexico National Census, 1930 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1307314 |title=Mexico Census, 1930|location=Mexican}}<br>
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''[[Mexico Genealogy| Mexico]]''
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{{FamilySearch Collection
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|CID=CID1307314  
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|title=Mexico, National Census, 1930
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|location=Mexico}}<br>  
 +
 
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[[Image:Mexico Orthographic Globe.svg.png|right|Mexico Orthographic Globe.svg.png]]
  
 
== Title in the Language of the Records  ==
 
== Title in the Language of the Records  ==
  
'''México, Censo Nacional de 1930.'''
+
México, Censo Nacional de 1930.  
  
== Record Description  ==
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
  
Mexico’s first national census was conducted in 1895, but this information pertains to records for the year 1930.  
+
Mexico’s first national census was conducted in 1895, but this information pertains to records for the year 1930. These records are written in [[Spanish Genealogical Word List|Spanish]].
  
 
Population schedules consist of large sheets with rows and columns. The sheets are arranged in bundles by municipality and then by place, such as city, village, or ranch. The original schedules are at the National Archives (Archivo General de la Nación) in Mexico City. The records have been preserved on microfilm by the Genealogical Society of Utah  
 
Population schedules consist of large sheets with rows and columns. The sheets are arranged in bundles by municipality and then by place, such as city, village, or ranch. The original schedules are at the National Archives (Archivo General de la Nación) in Mexico City. The records have been preserved on microfilm by the Genealogical Society of Utah  
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While earlier attempts were made to enumerate the Mexican population, the 1895 census was considered the first federal or national census. Beginning in 1900, censuses were conducted every 10 years. The 1930 census was conducted on May 15 and was the first census in which returns were processed centrally. Because of this, most of sheets still exist. This census is widely recognized as one of Mexico’s best planned and executed censuses, and it is also the only one accessible to the public. Due to under counting and some record loss, primarily for the Federal District, the 1930 census covers about 78 percent of the population, not 90% as previously reported. (This figure is based on 12.8 million persons in the Ancestry.com database extracted from this census compared with a total population in 1930 for all of Mexico in 1930 of 16,552,722 (see [http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/atlas_mexico/population_1930.jpg Mexico Population 1930]). Since the population of Mexico City was 1,029,000 in 1930, there were record losses in areas beyond the Federal District as well, accounting for another 2 million plus persons not covered in the database placed online by Ancestry.com in September 2011.  
 
While earlier attempts were made to enumerate the Mexican population, the 1895 census was considered the first federal or national census. Beginning in 1900, censuses were conducted every 10 years. The 1930 census was conducted on May 15 and was the first census in which returns were processed centrally. Because of this, most of sheets still exist. This census is widely recognized as one of Mexico’s best planned and executed censuses, and it is also the only one accessible to the public. Due to under counting and some record loss, primarily for the Federal District, the 1930 census covers about 78 percent of the population, not 90% as previously reported. (This figure is based on 12.8 million persons in the Ancestry.com database extracted from this census compared with a total population in 1930 for all of Mexico in 1930 of 16,552,722 (see [http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/atlas_mexico/population_1930.jpg Mexico Population 1930]). Since the population of Mexico City was 1,029,000 in 1930, there were record losses in areas beyond the Federal District as well, accounting for another 2 million plus persons not covered in the database placed online by Ancestry.com in September 2011.  
  
The Mexico 1930 Census is usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or even by a neighbor. <br>
+
The Mexico 1930 Census is usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or even by a neighbor.  
  
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1307314/waypoints Browse].
+
{{Collection Browse Link
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|CID=CID1307314
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|title=Mexico, National Census, 1930
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}}
  
=== Citation for This Collection ===
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== Collection Contents ==
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
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The '''1930 census''' includes the following information: <gallery>
 +
Image:Mexico 1930 Census.jpg|Census Record 
 +
</gallery>  
  
{{Collection citation
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*City or village and state where census was taken
| text=<!--bibdescbegin-->Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Mexico census 1930. Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Mexico City, Mexico.<!--bibdescend--> }}
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*Head of household (jefe de la familia)
 +
*Full name of each household member (nombre y apellido)
 +
*Gender (sexo)
 +
**Male (hombre)
 +
**Female (mujer)
 +
*Age (edad)
 +
**Years (años)
 +
**Months (meses)
 +
**Days (dias)
 +
*Marital status (estado civil)
 +
**Single (soltero)
 +
**Married civilly (casado por lo Civil)
 +
**Married by the church (casado por la Iglesia)
 +
**Common law union (union libre)
 +
**Widow (viudo)
 +
**Divorced (divorciado)
 +
*Occupation (profesion u ocupacion)
 +
*Birthplace of each person, if born in Mexico, the name of the state (lugar de nacimiento)
 +
*Nationality (nacionalidad)
 +
*Native language (idioma)
 +
*Religion (religion)
  
[[Mexico 1930 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
== Record Content  ==
+
'''To search the collection by index''':<br>Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
  
'''The 1930 census includes the following genealogically signficant information:'''  
+
'''To browse the collection by image''':<br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the "State" category<br> ⇒Select the "Municipality" category<br> ⇒Select the "City" category which takes you to the images<br>
  
[[Image:Mexico 1930 Census.jpg|thumb|right|Mexico 1930 Census.jpg]]
+
Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
  
*City or village and state where census was taken
+
'''When searching''':<br> As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
*Head of household
+
*Full name of each household member
+
*Gender
+
*Age
+
*Marital status
+
*Occupation
+
*Birthplace of each person
+
*Nationality
+
*Native language
+
*Religion
+
  
== How to Use the Records  ==
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
  
'''To search by name:'''<br>Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
The Mexico 1930 Census is the best source to quickly identify a family group and residence. With the information found, take your ancestor’s age, place of residence, and birth state (if available) to search for him/her in other records. The census identifies other people living in the household and may identify people for whom other records simply do not exist. You need to know the name of your ancestor for those places that are indexed. If the ancestor has a common name, you must know the place of residence to determine which index entry is the correct one. If you do not find your ancestor in the index, use the place of residence and search that place page by page. An important clue found in the Mexico 1930 Census is found in the answer to the question of whether the person was married civilly or by the church. The answer to this question will lead either to find a marriage record in the Civil Registration or the Marriage records of the Catholic Church.  
  
'''To browse the collection you will need to follow this series of links:'''<br>⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br>⇒Select the "state" category<br>⇒Select the "municipality" category<br>⇒Select the "city" category which takes you to the images<br>
+
=== Tips to Keep in Mind  ===
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
+
*Accept the ages with caution.  
 +
*Given names may not always be the same as the names recorded in vital records.
 +
*Information may be incorrect.
 +
*Names may be spelled as they sound.
 +
*Place names may be misspelled or spelled phonetically.
 +
*If the family is not at the suspected address, search the surrounding area.
  
The Mexico 1930 Census is the best source to quickly identify a family group and residence. With the information found, take your ancestor’s age, place of residence, and birth state (if available) to search for him/her in other records. The census identifies other people living in the household and may identify people for whom other records simply do not exist. You need to know the name of your ancestor for those places that are indexed. If the ancestor has a common name, you must know the place of residence to determine which index entry is the correct one. If you do not find your ancestor in the index, use the place of residence and search that place page by page. An important clue found in the Mexico 1930 Census is found in the answer to the question of whether the person was married civilly or by the church. The answer to this question will lead either to find a marriage record in the Civil Registration or the Marriage records of the Catholic Church.  
+
== For Help Reading These Records ==
 +
 
 +
These records are in Spanish. For help reading the records, see the following resources:
 +
 
 +
*[[Mexico Language and Languages]]
 +
*[[Spanish Genealogical Word List]]
 +
*[https://script.byu.edu/Pages/Spanish/en/welcome.aspx BYU Spanish Script Tutorial]
 +
*FamilySearch Learning Center videos:
 +
**[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-spanish-handwritten-records-lesson-1-the-spanish-alphabet/217 Reading Spanish Handwritten Records, Lesson 1]
 +
**[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-spanish-handwritten-records-lesson-2-words-and-dates/218 Reading Spanish Handwritten Records, Lesson 2]
 +
**[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-spanish-handwritten-records-lesson-3-reading-spanish-records/220 Reading Spanish Handwritten Records, Lesson 3]
 +
 
 +
{{FHL Search Tip
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|foreignone=
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|level1=Mexico
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}}
  
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Mexico 1930 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
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{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]
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| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Mexico-National-Census-1930-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
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 +
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Mexico-National-Census-1930-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
== Related Websites ==
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== Related Websites ==
  
*[http://www.mennonitehistory.org/projects/censuses/mexico/rosenfeld.html 1930 Census of Mexico - Rosenfeld]
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*[[Mexico Maps#Online_Maps|Online historic maps of Mexico]]
 +
*[[Mexico History#Online_Histories|Online histories of Mexico]]
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
*[[Mexico]]  
+
*[[Mexico Genealogy|Mexico]]  
 
*[[Mexico Census]]
 
*[[Mexico Census]]
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
== How You Can Contribute ==
  
{{Contributor_invite}}  
+
{{Contributor_invite}}
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
== Citing this Collection ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image. <br><br>
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Mexico, National Census, 1930." Database with Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografia e Informática. Archivo General de la Nación, Distrito Federal (National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Information. National Archives, Distrito Federal).}}
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
 
  
"Mexico Census, 1930," index and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M27G-9YG&nbsp;: accessed 22 May 2012), Guadalupe Garcia, age 12a, in household of Jesus Garcia, San Joaquín, Ixtlahuaca, México, Mexico; citing Mexico Census Records, FHL microfilm 1,464,086; Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática, Cuidad de México, México.
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1307314
 +
|title=Mexico, National Census, 1930
 +
}}
  
[[Category:Mexico|Census]]
+
'''Image Citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1307314
 +
|title=Mexico, National Census, 1930
 +
}}

Latest revision as of 21:53, 18 July 2016

Mexico

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Mexico, National Census, 1930 .
CID1307314
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Mexico Orthographic Globe.svg.png

Title in the Language of the Records

México, Censo Nacional de 1930.

What is in the Collection?

Mexico’s first national census was conducted in 1895, but this information pertains to records for the year 1930. These records are written in Spanish.

Population schedules consist of large sheets with rows and columns. The sheets are arranged in bundles by municipality and then by place, such as city, village, or ranch. The original schedules are at the National Archives (Archivo General de la Nación) in Mexico City. The records have been preserved on microfilm by the Genealogical Society of Utah

While earlier attempts were made to enumerate the Mexican population, the 1895 census was considered the first federal or national census. Beginning in 1900, censuses were conducted every 10 years. The 1930 census was conducted on May 15 and was the first census in which returns were processed centrally. Because of this, most of sheets still exist. This census is widely recognized as one of Mexico’s best planned and executed censuses, and it is also the only one accessible to the public. Due to under counting and some record loss, primarily for the Federal District, the 1930 census covers about 78 percent of the population, not 90% as previously reported. (This figure is based on 12.8 million persons in the Ancestry.com database extracted from this census compared with a total population in 1930 for all of Mexico in 1930 of 16,552,722 (see Mexico Population 1930). Since the population of Mexico City was 1,029,000 in 1930, there were record losses in areas beyond the Federal District as well, accounting for another 2 million plus persons not covered in the database placed online by Ancestry.com in September 2011.

The Mexico 1930 Census is usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or even by a neighbor.

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Mexico, National Census, 1930.

Collection Contents

The 1930 census includes the following information:
  • City or village and state where census was taken
  • Head of household (jefe de la familia)
  • Full name of each household member (nombre y apellido)
  • Gender (sexo)
    • Male (hombre)
    • Female (mujer)
  • Age (edad)
    • Years (años)
    • Months (meses)
    • Days (dias)
  • Marital status (estado civil)
    • Single (soltero)
    • Married civilly (casado por lo Civil)
    • Married by the church (casado por la Iglesia)
    • Common law union (union libre)
    • Widow (viudo)
    • Divorced (divorciado)
  • Occupation (profesion u ocupacion)
  • Birthplace of each person, if born in Mexico, the name of the state (lugar de nacimiento)
  • Nationality (nacionalidad)
  • Native language (idioma)
  • Religion (religion)

How Do I Search the Collection?

To search the collection by index:
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

To browse the collection by image:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "State" category
⇒Select the "Municipality" category
⇒Select the "City" category which takes you to the images

Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

When searching:
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

What Do I Do Next?

The Mexico 1930 Census is the best source to quickly identify a family group and residence. With the information found, take your ancestor’s age, place of residence, and birth state (if available) to search for him/her in other records. The census identifies other people living in the household and may identify people for whom other records simply do not exist. You need to know the name of your ancestor for those places that are indexed. If the ancestor has a common name, you must know the place of residence to determine which index entry is the correct one. If you do not find your ancestor in the index, use the place of residence and search that place page by page. An important clue found in the Mexico 1930 Census is found in the answer to the question of whether the person was married civilly or by the church. The answer to this question will lead either to find a marriage record in the Civil Registration or the Marriage records of the Catholic Church.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Accept the ages with caution.
  • Given names may not always be the same as the names recorded in vital records.
  • Information may be incorrect.
  • Names may be spelled as they sound.
  • Place names may be misspelled or spelled phonetically.
  • If the family is not at the suspected address, search the surrounding area.

For Help Reading These Records

These records are in Spanish. For help reading the records, see the following resources:

Dark thin font green pin Version 4.png
Don't overlook FHL Place Mexico items or FHL Keyword Mexico items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see Mexico Archives and Libraries.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"Mexico, National Census, 1930." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografia e Informática. Archivo General de la Nación, Distrito Federal (National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Information. National Archives, Distrito Federal).


Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Mexico, National Census, 1930.

Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Mexico, National Census, 1930.