Mississippi Military Records
United States Military Records provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.
Many military records are found at the National Archives, the Family History Library, and other federal and state archives. For Mississippi, the following sources are also very helpful.
Fort Adams 1798-1810, Fort Dearborn 1802-09
Post of Grenada -- Textual records of this post, 1867-1870, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
Fort McHenry 1798
Post of Ship Island -- Textual records of this post, 1865-1870, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
Fort Warren -- Textual records of this fort, 1823-1883, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
Several sets of records of soldiers who served under French, Spanish, and English governments are available on microfilm at the Family History Library. They are in various languages and cover the years 1612 to 1794.
Revolutionary War (1776-1783)
The 1835 Pension Roll, which includes Revolutionary War pensioners and heirs of War of 1812 casualties who ventured out into Mississippi, is available online at Ancestry.com ($).
War of 1812 (1812-1815)
The service records of soldiers who served in Mississippi units are on film, by regiment, at the Family History Library (Family History Library film 882819-40). The pension records are available at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. An index to the pensions is at the Family History Library and the National Archives. The original service records are at the National Archives.
Mexican War (1846-1848)
The service records, listed alphabetically by unit, are on film at the Family History Library (Family History Library film 1205446-54). The original service and pension records are available at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.
Civil War (1861-1865)
Mississippi provided soldiers to both the Union and Confederate armies. Indexes to the service records for both armies are available at the Family History Library.
Union service records are at the National Archives and on film at the Family History Library (Family History Library film 1292659-62). Union pension records are only at the National Archives. The Family History Library has the index to the Union pension records.
A special census was taken in 1890 of Union veterans of the Civil War. The returns are on film at the Family History Library (Family History Library film 338185). An index to the Mississippi returns has been published and is available at the Family History Library.
Confederate pension and service records are at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History. The Family History library also has filmed copies of Misissippi Confederate service records. (427 rolls beginning with Family History Library film 821838). Service records are arranged alphbetically. Mississippi pension records for Confederate veterans are arranged alphabetically by soldier's surname. (94 rolls beginning with Family History Library film 902556).
Civil War Pension Index Cards - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch Record Search. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.
Regimental sketches and rosters of Confederate troops are in John C. Rietti, Military Annals of Mississippi. 1895. Reprint, Spartanburg, South Carolina: Reprint Company Publishers, 1976. (Family History Library book 976.2 M2r , film 1036087 item 8.)
Southern Claims Commission. If a Union sympathizer in Mississippi claimed a loss during the Civil War due to Union military confiscation, he could apply to the Southern Claims Commission for reimbursement. Only a few applied, but their neighbors were called as witnesses and asked dozens of questions. Hundreds of the residents in a county may be mentioned in answers to Commission questions, and their wartime activities described. To learn how to find records mentioning these neighbors in Mississippi counties during the Civil War see the Southern Claims Commission.
Regimental Lists. See a list of regiments and links to their histories.
American History and Genealogy Project, Civil War, African American Sailors in the Union Navy from Mississippi. By rootsweb.ancestry.com $
World War I (1917-1918)
An index to World War I army veterans, 1917 to 1918, is available at the Family History Library (Family History Library film 904445-46). The original index is at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History.
World War I draft registration cards for men age 18 to 45 may list address, birth date, birthplace, race, nationality, citizenship, and next of kin. Not all registrants served in the war. For registration cards for Mississippi, see:
United States. Selective Service System. Mississippi, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On Family History Library films beginning with 1682699—.)
To find an individual's draft card, it helps to know his name and residence at the time of registration. The cards are arranged alphabetically by county, within the county by draft board, and then alphabetically by surname within each draft board.
Most counties had only one board; large cities had several. A map showing the boundaries of individual draft boards is available for most large cities. Finding an ancestor's street address in a city directory will help you in using the draft board map. There is an alphabetical list of cities that are on the map. For a copy of this map see:
United States. Selective Service System. List of World War One Draft Board Maps. Washington, DC: National Archives. (Family History Library film 1498803.)
References Mississippi Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
- NOTE: All of the information from the original research outline has been imported into this Wiki site and is being updated as time permits.