Difference between revisions of "Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy"

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{{OHnewspapers|Monroe}} '''Online Newspapers'''<br> '''Online Newspaper Abstracts'''<br> '''Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form'''<br>  
{{OHnewspapers|Monroe}} '''Online Newspapers'''<br> '''Online Newspaper Abstracts'''<br> '''Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form'''<br>  
The [http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038115/ Spirit of Democracy] newspaper was published in Woodville, Monroe, Ohio. Issues from 1844-1887 are available online at the Library of Congress through the [http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/ Chronicling America] website.
==== Obituaries  ====
==== Obituaries  ====

Revision as of 00:35, 3 July 2014

Guide to Monroe County Ohio genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Ohio
Online Records

Monroe County, Ohio
Boundary map of Monroe County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Monroe County Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Monroe County Courthouse
101 N. Main St.
Woodsfield, Ohio 43793-1097
Monroe County Website
United StatesGotoarrow.png Ohio Gotoarrow.png Monroe County 

Historical Facts

Beginning dates for major county records


*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

Neighboring Counties

Belmont County  • Noble County  • Washington County  • Pleasants County, West Virginia  • Tyler County, West Virginia  • Wetzel County, West Virginia  • Marshall County, West Virginia

Washington CountyGreene CountyWashington CountyMorgan CountyMarshall CountyTyler CountyPleasants CountyWood CountyWirt CountyGilmer CountyRitchie CountyWetzel CountyMonroe CountyMonongalia CountyNoble CountyTaylor CountyLewis CountyDoddridge CountyMarion CountyHarrison CountyBarbour CountyGuernsey CountyBelmont CountyOHMonroe.JPG

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1940) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

For a list of record loss in Ohio counties see: Ohio Counties with Burned Courthouses


Bible Records


Business Records and Commerce


Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories


Family History Library




Names in Stone


Billion Graves

Billion Graves


Ohio Gravestones

Names in Stone

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Church Records

Finding More Church Records

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records

Monroe County was initially served by the Ohio District Court from the county's creation in 29 Jan 1813. On 10 Feb 1855, the court was divided into Northern and Southern districts, and Monroe became part of the Southern District. On 3 Mar 1911, the court was further divided and Monroe was subsequently part of the Southern Eastern District. District and Circuit Courts had the same jurisdictions. See Ohio District Court Jurisdictions for a chart of the Ohio counties and the district courts that served them.

Ohio District and Circuit Court Records from 1803-1961 are held at the National Archives Great Lakes Region in Chicago.

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups




Local histories are available for Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

Local Histories
  • Monroe County Historical Society, History of the Early Communities of Monroe County, Ohio, (Monroe County Historical Society, Ohio). FHL book 977.196 H2mch v. 1-8
  • Maienknecht, Theresa A., and Stanley B., Monroe County, Ohio: A History, (Mt. Vernon, Indiana: Windmill Publications, 1989). FHL book 977.196 H2ma
  • Howe, Henry, Monroe County, Ohio: Chapter 2 from Historical Collections of Ohio, (Woodsfield, Ohio: Monroe County Historical Society, 1983). FHL book 977.196 H2m
  • Wolf, Carolyn Zogg, Nine Communities of Monroe County, Ohio: A History, (Woodsfield, Ohio: Monroe County Historical Society, 1984). FHL book 977.196 H2n

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.
=====Finding More Land Records===== Additional land records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Land and Property Records in online catalogs like:



  • Civil War
- Civil War service men from Monroe County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Monroe County.
- 116th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies A, C, D, E, and F

Naturalization and Citizenship


Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Historical Society. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers. Online Newspapers
Online Newspaper Abstracts
Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form

The Spirit of Democracy newspaper was published in Woodville, Monroe, Ohio. Issues from 1844-1887 are available online at the Library of Congress through the Chronicling America website.




Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

See the wiki page Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

  • 1790–1967 - Ohio, Probate Records, 1790-1967 at FamilySearch Historical Records – free. This collection consists of probate records and estate files from county courthouses in Ohio. The content and time period varies by county, with more records being added as they become available. This Collection will include records from 1789 to 1996. Currently, (September 2012) the collection is only searchable by browsing the images. A list of Fires that have destroyed records in the courthouses of several counties are listed on the Record Description page.
Finding More Probate Records

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records


See also a List of Ohio Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies


Monroe County Courthouse
101 N Main Street
Woodsfield, OH 43793
Phone: 740.472.0761

Clerk Court has divorce and court records from early 1800’s
Probate Judge has marriage and probate records;
Count Recorder has land records[1]

Family History Centers

FamilySearch Centers are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources for family history research.

The main FamilySearch Center for Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy is the

For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory. Put your town name in the top search box.



  • 1800–1850 Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850 at FamilySearch Historical Records – free. Name index of tax records as recorded with the County Auditor of each county. Entries are recorded in voucher books, one person per page. The majority of the tax records in this collection are for the years 1816 through 1838. Currently (September 2012) this collection is 17% complete. Additional records will be added as they are completed.

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Although Ohio enacted a statute in 1856 -1857 requiring registration of births, deaths and marriages, many counties did not comply. A second law was written in 1867 but, again, was not always followed. By 1908, the law was more clearly defined and kept. Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954 while the Ohio Historical Society houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Original marriage records are held at the office of the Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court with divorce records located with the Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Clerk of Courts.

See also How to order Ohio Vital Records or order vital records electronically online.


Online Birth Indexes and Records
Original Birth Records on Microfilm


Online Marriage Indexes and Records
Original Marriage Records on Microfilm


Online Death Indexes and Records

Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953 Free name indexes and images at FamilySearch. Records include such information as birth date of deceased, city, county, and state of death, name of spouse if married, names of parents, maiden name of mother, name of informant, if deceased was single, married, windowed or divorced, occupation of deceased. Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Original Death Records on Microfilm


Web Sites


Populated Places


  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002]. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "HBG" defined multiple times with different content
  2. Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (Columbus, Ohio: the author, 1981). FamilySearch Books Online - Free online copy.