Muscogee County, Georgia Genealogy

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Guide to Muscogee County Georgia genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
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Online Records

Muscogee County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Muscogee County
Location in the state of [[Georgia]]
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Location of Georgia in the U.S.
Founded 11 December, 1826
County Seat Columbus
Address Muscogee County Courthouse
100 10th Street
PO Box 1340
Columbus, GA 31902
Phone: 706.653.4013 
Muscogee County Website
[[Category:Georgia Counties]]

County Courthouse

Muscogee County Courthouse
100 10th Street
PO Box 1340
Columbus, GA 31902
Phone: 706.653.4013 

Clerk Superior Court has divorce, court and land records from 1838[1] == History == Local histories are available for Muscogee County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.

Parent County

1826--Muscogee County was created 11 December 1826 from Creek Indian Lands. 
County seat:  Columbus [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

1838 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged. For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following: *Burned Counties Research

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




LDS Ward and Branch Records *Columbus



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

  • Martin, John H. Columbus, Geo., From Its Selection as a "Trading Town" in 1827, to Its Partial Destruction by Wilson's Raid, in 1865: History, Incident, Personality. Columbus, Ga.: T. Gilbert, 1874-1875. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
     :*Telfair, Nancy. A History of Columbus, Georgia: 1828-1928. Columbus, Ga.: Historical Pub. Co., c1929. Digital version at Ancestry ($).



Marriage Books A and B, 1838-1844 Georgia Pioneers ($) Marriage Books 1828-34, 1837-41, 1851-52, 1885-1886 Georgia Pioneers ($)




Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

  • Wills 1838-1862 (abstracts) Georgia Pioneers ($) *Wills 1862-1875 (digital images) Georgia Pioneers ($) *Wills 1875-1882 (digital images) Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Will Book A, 1838-1863 Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Will Book B, 1862-1875 Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Will Book C, 1875-1891 Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Will Book D, 1891-1903 Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Annual Returns, Inventories, Book A, 1839-1843 Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Annual Returns, Book B, 1843-1848 Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Annual Returns, Book A, 1839-1843 Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Annual Returns, Book D, 1852-1854 Georgia Pioneers ($) ==== Taxation ==== Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online..

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

  • 1826-1852 - Jefferey, Alice. Georgia Marriage Records, Houston, Muscogee, Talbot Counties. Digital version at Ancestry ($). *1838-1845 - Muscogee County Marriage Book B Index 1838-1845. Batch M713441 at FamilySearch - free.[3] *1845-1860 - Muscogee County Marriage Books C and D 1845-1860. Batch M713442 at FamilySearch - free.[3] *1860-1872 - Muscogee County Marriage Books E and F 1860-1872. Batch M713443 at FamilySearch - free.[3] *1872-1881 - Muscogee County Marriage Books G and H 1872-1881. Batch M713444 at FamilySearch - free.[3] *1881-1890 - Muscogee County Marriage Books I and J 1881-1890. Batch M713445 at FamilySearch - free.[3] *1890-1893 - Muscogee County Marriage Book K 1890-1893. Batch M713446 at FamilySearch - free.[3] *1893-1895 - Muscogee County Marriage Book L 1893-1895. Batch M713447 at FamilySearch - free.[3]

Societies and Libraries

Public Libraries

Columbus Public Library
Genealogy Department
3000 Macon Rd.
Columbus, GA 31906
Telephone: (706) 243-2681
They offer local histories, biographies, censuses, maps, newspapers, genealogy classes, and more.

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Muscogee County, Georgia. Page 159 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at