Difference between revisions of "Nantucket County, Massachusetts Genealogy"

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Massachusetts]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Nantucket County'''
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| link5=[[Nantucket County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Nantucket County]]
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This is a historical and genealogical guide to the county of Nantucket. You will find help with town histories, vital records, deeds and land records, city directories, cemetery records and cemeteries, churches, town records, newspapers, maps, and libraries.  
  
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== Nantucket County Massachusetts History  ==
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=== Brief History  ===
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The settlers on Nantucket are generally an insular group. Many surnames are uniquely identified to this island. As an island, its inhabitants moved about the coastline freely. The island is home to a large Quaker community. Its earliest history is tied to [[Dukes County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Martha's Vineyard]], so research there would be important if you run into problems<br>
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=== Historical Data  ===
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The basic data are from the historical county boundary series<ref>[http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/MA_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm#NANTUCKET Massachusetts Atlas of Historical County Boundaries]</ref> with additions from various sources.
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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! width="100" scope="col" | Dates
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! width="500" scope="col" | Events
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|-
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| in 1674
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| The region was included in a grant to the Duke of York.
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|-
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| 1 Nov. 1683
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| Made part of [[Dukes County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Dukes County]] when established by the Colony of [[New York Genealogy|New York]] that included the islands of Elizabeth, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket. [N.Y. Col. Laws, Ch. 4, Sect. 1, p. 122]
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|-
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| 7 Oct. 1691
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| Became part of the rechartered [[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony]] without being established as a county.
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|-
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| 22 June 1695
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| Nantucket County created from Nantucket Island. [Mass. Col. Acts, Vol. 1, Ch. 7 [1695/6], p. 216]
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|}
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==== Record Loss ====
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There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.
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<div style="width: 100%"><center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>
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=== Towns and Cities  ===
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[[Image:Ma-nantucket.png|right|400px|Ma-Nantucket.png]]The following list of present-day Nantucket County towns and cities links them to their individual pages. There you will find a list of other names used for the town or city and of villages and sections of the town or city.<br><br><br>
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<center>[[Nantucket, Massachusetts|Nantucket (1671)]]</center>
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<br>
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
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<br>
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=== County Histories  ===
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{{MANanCoMap}}Works written on the county include:<br>
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*Allen Coffin, "The Courts of Nantucket - the law and lawyers from an early period" in ''Proceedings of the Nantucket Historical Association'', 1907: 30-42.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1605966 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>Digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=PYhBAAAAYAAJ Google Books] and [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008699579 Hathi Trust].<br>
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*Marie M. Coffin, ''The History of Nantucket Island: a bibliography of source material with index and inventory'' (Nantucket, 1970), viii, 63 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/87009 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|75114|item|disp=FHL book 974.497 A3c}}.<br>
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*Craig Cornish, "The Cession and Annexation of Nantucket" in ''Green Bay'', 11 [1899]: 125-130.<br>Not in WorldCat; Not in FHL.<br>No digital version found.<br>
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*Burnham N. Dell, "Quakerism on Nantucket" in ''Historic Nantucket'', 2 [Jan. 1955]: 8-30.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1752107 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
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*Myron Samuel Dudley, ''Churches and Pastors of Nantucket, Mass., from the first settlement to the present time, 1659-1902'' (Boston, 1902), 21 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/22501036 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>Note: Also published as "Two Centuries of Churches and Pastors in Nantucket, Mass." in ''The New England Historical and Genealogical Register'', 56 [1902]: 17-26.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/churchespastorso00dudl Internet Archive], [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009558554 Hathi Trust], and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=19288 Ancestry] ($).<br>
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*Gerald S. Graham, "The Migrations of the Nantucket Whale Fishery: An episode in British Colonial Policy" in the ''New England Quarterly'', 8 [1935]: 179-202.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1759778 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/360870 Jstor] (free online).<br>
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*Lydia Swain Mitchell Hinchman, ''Early Settlers of Nantucket, their associates and descendants'' (1896; Philadelphia, 4th ed., 1934), 330 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3747122 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (2nd enl. ed., 1901); {{FHL|256325|item|disp=FHL book 974.497 D2hi and film 908764 Item 1}} (with digital link) (2nd enl. ed., 1901) [see other editions].<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/earlysettlersna00mrsgoog Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=XtQWAAAAYAAJ Google Books], [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=19279 Ancestry] ($), and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=25789 Ancestry] ($) (2nd enl. ed., 1901).<br>
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*Clarence King, "What Became of the First Book of Nantucket Town Records, hidden in 1677" in ''Historic Nantucket'', 11 [Oct. 1963]: 24-27.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1752107 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
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*Obed Macy, ''The History of Nantucket, being a compendious account of the first settlement of the island by the English, together with the rise and progress of the whale fishery ...'' (1835; Mansfield, Mass., 2nd ed., 1880), xiv, 313 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12204766 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|75343|item|disp=FHL digital book and fiche 6104368}}.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/historyofnantuck80macy Internet Archive] (1880 ed.) and [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008965774 Hathi Trust].<br>
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*William Francis Macy, "Migrations of Nantucketers to the South and West" in ''Proceedings of the Nantucket Historical Association'', 1933: 24-27.<br>[[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1605966 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
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*Alexander Starbuck, ''The History of Nantucket, county, island and town, including genealogies of first settlers'' (Boston, 1924; rep. many times), 871 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/36177 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] (1969 ed.); {{FHL|76960|item|disp=FHL book 974.497 H2s and fiche 6046898}} (with digital link).<br>Note: The genealogies section was reprinted separately as ''Nantucket Genealogies'' (Baltimore, 2001):<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/47647987 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1129661|item|disp=FHL book 974.497 D2s}}.<br>Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=20248 Ancestry] ($).<br>
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*George Rogers Taylor, "Currents of Migration on Nantucket, 1760-1780" in ''Historic Nantucket'', 22 [July 1974]: 14-20.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1752107 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
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*[http://www.magenweb.org/Nantucket/ The Nantucket County MA GenWeb Project], an member of [[MAGenWeb|The MAGenWeb Project]], an affiliate of [[USGenWeb|The USGenWeb Project]].<br>
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*The USGenWeb Archives Project has no section for Nantucket County.<br>
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*{{FHL|Massachusetts%2C+Nantucket|subject|disp=FamilySearch.org}} FamilySearch Catalog for Nantucket County.<br>
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
 
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{{MADC}}
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== Nantucket County Massachusetts Genealogy Resources  ==
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=== Vital Records  ===
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In Massachusetts, the original vital records (of births, marriages, and deaths) have been created and maintained by the town or city in which the event occurred. In very early colonial times, copies of these records were submitted to the county, but that practice died out long before 1800. There were marriage intentions commonly recorded in the bride's home town and additional recordings maybe found in the groom's home town and their current residence.<br>
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Massachusetts was the first state to bring a unified state-level recording of these events (but not marriage intentions) in 1841 (Boston excluded until 1850). The associated records of divorce and adoption are handled by the courts. The state has maintained a state-wide index to divorces since 1952, but adoption records will require more researching to discover.<br>
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It is easiest to start with the state vital records for events since 1841, though realize the original record is with the town or city. More details can be found on the [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Vital_Records|Massachusetts Genealogy Guide]] page.<br>
  
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See also [http://www.genealogyinc.com/massachusetts/ma-vital-records/ How to order Massachusetts Vital Records] or [http://www.genealogyinc.com/ordervitalcertificate/ order electronically online].
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====Birth====
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*'''1666 - 1970''' {{RecordSearch|2268583|Massachusetts, Delayed and Corrected Vital Records, 1753-1900}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index & images
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
 
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[[Image:Ma-nantucket.png|right|400px|Ma-nantucket.png]] {{MANanCoMap}}  
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=== Cemetery ===
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{| width="80%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''Tombstone Transcriptions Online'''
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| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''Tombstone Transcriptions in Print'''
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| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''List of Cemeteries in the county'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=21&GScnty=1182&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=n Findagrave.com]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | {{FHL|685779|subject-id|disp=Family History Library}}
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=21&CScnty=1182 Findagrave.com]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.magenweb.org/Nantucket/resources.html USGenWeb]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3Acemetery+Nantucket+Massachusetts&qt=results_page WorldCat]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://billiongraves.com/search/results?year_range=5&action=search_cemetery&exact=true&country=United%20States&state=Massachusetts&county=Nantucket&cemetery_name=a# Billion Graves]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.usgwtombstones.org/massachusetts/nantucket.html Tombstone Project]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.interment.net/us/ma/nantucket.htm MAInterment]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/localList.php?local=22293&locTGroup=Cemeteries&direction=down&sec=0&qty=10&stateAbbv=&stateName= EPodunk]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |[https://billiongraves.com/pages/search/# Billion Graves]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" colspan="3" | See [[Massachusetts Cemeteries|Massachusetts Cemeteries]] for more information.
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|}
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=== Census ===
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*'''1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1410399|Massachusetts State Census, 1865}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
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=== Emigration and Immigration ===
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*'''1837 - 1965''' - {{RecordSearch|2303027|Maine & Massachusetts Case Files of Deceased and Deserted Seamen 1837-1965}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] - images
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=== Land Records  ===
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Land transfers, commonly called deeds, are recorded on the county level in Massachusetts. Not all deeds were recorded as is common practice today. The earliest transactions were charters or grants from the English Crown. Once local government was established, the colony would grant land to settlers directly or to towns to dole out. Some towns first start out as proprietorship and records were recorded there. Once towns were established, deeds were recorded on the county level.<br>
  
=== [http://www.nantucket-ma.gov/Pages/index County Courthouse] ===
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[http://www.nantucket-ma.gov/234/Registry-of-Deeds '''Nantucket County Registry of Deeds''']<br>16 Broad Street<br>Nantucket, MA 02554<br>Telephone: 508-228-7250<br>Email: [mailto:jen.ferreira@sec.state.ma.us jen.ferreira@sec.state.ma.us]<br>
  
[http://www.courtreference.com/Nantucket-County-Massachusetts-Courts.htm Nantucket County Courthouse]<br>18 Broad Street<br>Nantucket, MA 02554<br><br>Town Clerks have birth, marriage, death and burial records from 1600's<br>Probate Court has probate and divorce records.&nbsp; Register of Deeds has <br>court records.<ref name="HB">''The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America'', 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002)Nantucket County, Massachusetts, p.330.</ref>  
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<center>'''Original records'''</center>
  
<br><br>This also double as Nantucket Town Hall.
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Records are available at the Registry. Their records [http://www.masslandrecords.com/Nantucket/ ONLINE] are:
  
=== History  ===
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*Recorded Land [i.e. deeds], 1967-current.<br>
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*Recorded Plans, 1974-current.<br>
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*Registered Land [i.e. land court], 1958-current.<br>
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*Registered Land Plans, 1899-current.<br>
  
==== Parent County  ====
 
  
*Created 22 June 1695 from [[Dukes County, Massachusetts|Dukes]] County. <ref name="HBG">[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results ''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.''] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 181. [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].</ref>
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<center>'''Original records on microfilm'''</center>
  
==== Boundary Changes  ====
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*'''Deeds, 1659-1866; indexes to deeds, 1657-1875''' (36 films), at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/213270 FHL]; also browsable, digital records of expanded collection at FamilySearch: [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2106411 '''Massachusetts Land Records, 1620-1986''']<br>
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*'''Proprietors' records (1716-1843) of Nantucket, Massachusetts''', at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/537684 FHL]; also browsable, digital records of expanded collection at FamilySearch: [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2106411 '''Massachusetts Land Records, 1620-1986''']<br>
  
==== Record Loss  ====
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
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<br> <br>
  
== Places / Localities ==
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=== Probate Records ===
  
==== Populated Places  ====
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<center>'''Online Probate Records'''</center> <br>
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*'''1635 – 1991''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=9069 Massachusetts Wills and Probate Records 1635-1991] at [http://home.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] — index and images, $<br>
  
===== Town:  =====
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
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<br> <br>
  
[[Nantucket, Massachusetts|Nantucket]] - The Town of Nantucket is same as the whole county.
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=== Other Court Records  ===
  
===== Villages: =====
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The court system can appear to be complex. The system was reorganized in 1686/1692, 1859, and 1978. Described below are the most commonly used records for history and genealogy, but realize that this list is incomplete. For more detailed information regarding court structure, see [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Court_System|Understanding the Massachusetts Court System]].<br><br>Older records are held by:<br>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colidx.htm#court '''Supreme Judicial Court Archives''']<br>(administration - records stored in several off-site facilities and the Mass. Archives)<br>16th Floor, Highrise Court House<br>3 Pemberton Square<br>Boston MA 02109<br>Phone 617-557-1082<br>Email [mailto:Elizabeth.Bouvier@sjc.state.ma.us Elizabeth.Bouvier@sjc.state.ma.us]
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>
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==== County Court ====
  
Coskata | Madaket | Polpis | Shawkemo | Siasconset | Wauwinet
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This court was active from 1636 (called a quarterly court and then the county court when Suffolk was created in 1643) to 1692. The court heard all civil causes up to 10 shillings (raised to 40 shillings in 1647) and all criminal causes not concerning life, limb, or banishment. These were all jury trials. Some records can be found in the [Suffolk_County,_Massachusetts#Suffolk_Files|Suffolk Files].<br>
  
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
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The records microfilmed:<br>
  
[[Barnstable County, Massachusetts|Barnstable ]]| [[Dukes County, Massachusetts|Dukes ]]| [[Suffolk County, New York|Suffolk County]], New York
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*
  
== Resources  ==
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At the [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Archives|Massachusetts Archives]]:<br>
  
==== Cemeteries ====
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*
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>
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==== Quarterly Court of General Sessions of the Peace ====
  
==== Census  ====
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This court was active from 1692 to 1827. The court heard criminal cases and had authority over county affairs that included levying taxes, reviewing town bylaws, highways, licensed liquor, regulated jails, supervised the administration of the poor laws, and appointed some county officials.<br>
  
{{Census|Massachusetts}}
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The records microfilmed:<br>
  
===== State Census =====
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*
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>
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==== Inferior Court of Common Pleas ====
  
'''''1855 Massachusetts State Census—'''a'' free searchable index and images to the 1855 Massachusetts State Census can be viewed on the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1459985 FamilySearch Record Search]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1855, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.  
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This court was active from 1692 to 1859. The court heard all civil cases over 40s unless a case involved freehold or was appealed from a justice of the peace.<br>
  
'''''1865 Massachusetts State Census'''''—a free searchable index and images to the 1865 Massachusetts State Census can be viewed on the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1410399 FamilySearch Record Search] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1865, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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The records microfilmed:<br>
  
==== Church ====
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*
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>
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==== Superior Court ====
  
==== Court ====
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The Quarterly Court of General Sessions was merged into the Inferior Court of Common Pleas in 1827, and that court was reorganized in 1859 to created the Superior Court as the new lower (i.e. trial) court. It covers both criminal and civil matters.<br>
  
==== Gazetteers ====
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*
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>
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==== Supreme Judicial Court ====
  
==== Land  ====
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The Supreme Judicial Court was established by the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 that combined the former Governor and Council with the Superior Court of Judicature creating the highest state court. This court hears appeals, writ of error, capital offenses, and crimes against the public good. That included divorces until that action was moved to the lower court in 1887.<br>
  
==== Local Histories ====
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*
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>
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==== Naturalization Records ====
  
==== Maps  ====
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Naturalization records were created on a variety of governmental levels from the Federal down to the city at the same time. The county records for all levels are outlines below. For more information, see the [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Naturalization_Records|Massachusetts state page]] for more on naturalization.<br>
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<center>'''Federal Naturalization Records for Nantucket County'''</center>
  
==== Military  ====
 
  
==== Newspapers  ====
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{| width="100%" border="1" class="wikitable"
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|-
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! width="125" scope="col" | Record
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! width="100" scope="col" | Dates
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! width="125" scope="col" | Location
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! width="175" scope="col" | Index
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! width="350" scope="col" | Microfilm/Online
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|-
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| Court of Common Pleas<br> Supreme Judicial Ct.
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| 1804-1903
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| [http://www.archives.gov/boston/ National Archives - Waltham]
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| Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, [http://www.archives.gov/boston/holdings/rg-050-099.html#85 NARA M1299], [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/19737 FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117)]
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| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2109618 FHL Digital Capture 7173072-7173083]; Part of the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1840474 United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906]
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|}
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<center>'''Nantucket County Naturalization Records'''</center>
  
==== Probate  ====
 
  
==== Taxation  ====
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{| width="100%" border="1" class="wikitable"
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|-
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! width="125" scope="col" | Record
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! width="100" scope="col" | Dates
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! width="125" scope="col" | Location
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! width="175" scope="col" | Index
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! width="350" scope="col" | Microfilm/Online
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|-
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| Superior Court
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| 1803-1974
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| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
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| Card index
 +
| Records, 1908-1945, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]; Declarations, 1908-1945, Petitions, 1910-1945, and Citizenship granted, 1930-1945, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/818997 FHL films 2132425-2132426]
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|}
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>
  
==== Vital Records ====
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=== Maps ===
 +
For animated maps illustrating Massachusetts county boundary changes, [http://www.mapofus.org/massachusetts/ "Rotating Formation Massachusetts County Boundary Maps"] (1643-1947) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
  
== Societies and Libraries  ==
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
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<br> <br>
  
==== Family History Centers<br>  ====
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=== Military Records ===
 +
====Revolutionary War====
 +
*'''1775 - 1783''' - {{RecordSearch|2548057|Massachusetts, Revolutionary War, Index Cards to Muster Rolls, 1775-1783}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — images
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*'''1805 - 1845''' - {{RecordSearch|1881492|Massachusetts Revolutionary War Bounty Land Applications, 1805-1845}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
  
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
  
== Web Sites ==
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== Nantucket County Massachusetts Libraries and Genealogy Societies ==
 +
[http://www.nha.org/library/genealogy.html Nantucket Historical Association] Research Library and Archives<br><br>
 +
For information on additional archives and repositories, see
 +
:*List of [http://www.genealogyinc.com/massachusetts/ma-society-archive/ Massachusetts Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical &amp; Genealogical Societies]<br>
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:*'''[[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Massachusetts Repositories|Massachusetts Archives]]''' for information on additional archives and repositories<br>
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
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=== Family History Centers ===
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{{FamilySearch Centers Intro}}
  
*[http://www.feliixplace.com/mass/nantucket.html The Nantucket County MA GenWeb Project], an member of [[MAGenWeb|The MAGenWeb Project]], an affiliate of [[USGenWeb|The USGenWeb Project]].
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== Nantucket County Massachusetts Websites ==
*The USGenWeb Archives Project for Nantucket County  
 
*{{FHL|Massachusetts%2C+Nantucket|subject|disp=FamilySearch.org}} Family History Library catalog for Nantucket County
 
  
== References  ==
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*[http://www.genealogyinc.com/massachusetts/nantucket-county/ Nantucket County, MA History, Records, Facts and Genealogy]
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*[https://plus.google.com/u/0/communities/117617701926552848823 Massachusetts Genealogy Network Community on Google+]
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*[https://www.facebook.com/groups/222148731152599/ Massachusetts Genealogy Network Group on Facebook]
  
<references /> {{Massachusetts|Massachusetts}} {{Massachusetts-stub}}
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== Nantucket County Massachusetts Genealogy References  ==
  
[[Category:Nantucket_County,_Massachusetts]]
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{{reflist}}
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<center>'''Adjacent counties:'''<br>'''''Massachusetts:''''' [[Barnstable County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Barnstable ]]| [[Dukes County, Massachusetts Genealogy|Dukes ]]<br>'''''New York:''''' [[Suffolk County, New York Genealogy|Suffolk County]]</center><br> </div> <!--This was designed by Scott Andrew Bartley in conjunction with the Mass. Wiki Team on 6 September 2013-->
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[[Category:Nantucket County, Massachusetts]][[Category:Massachusetts Counties]]]

Latest revision as of 20:41, 15 May 2017

United States
Massachusetts
Nantucket County

This is a historical and genealogical guide to the county of Nantucket. You will find help with town histories, vital records, deeds and land records, city directories, cemetery records and cemeteries, churches, town records, newspapers, maps, and libraries.

Nantucket County Massachusetts History

Brief History

The settlers on Nantucket are generally an insular group. Many surnames are uniquely identified to this island. As an island, its inhabitants moved about the coastline freely. The island is home to a large Quaker community. Its earliest history is tied to Martha's Vineyard, so research there would be important if you run into problems

Historical Data

The basic data are from the historical county boundary series[1] with additions from various sources.

Dates Events
in 1674 The region was included in a grant to the Duke of York.
1 Nov. 1683 Made part of Dukes County when established by the Colony of New York that included the islands of Elizabeth, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket. [N.Y. Col. Laws, Ch. 4, Sect. 1, p. 122]
7 Oct. 1691 Became part of the rechartered Massachusetts Bay Colony without being established as a county.
22 June 1695 Nantucket County created from Nantucket Island. [Mass. Col. Acts, Vol. 1, Ch. 7 [1695/6], p. 216]

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

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Towns and Cities

Ma-Nantucket.png
The following list of present-day Nantucket County towns and cities links them to their individual pages. There you will find a list of other names used for the town or city and of villages and sections of the town or city.


Nantucket (1671)


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County Histories

Works written on the county include:

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Nantucket County Massachusetts Genealogy Resources

Vital Records

In Massachusetts, the original vital records (of births, marriages, and deaths) have been created and maintained by the town or city in which the event occurred. In very early colonial times, copies of these records were submitted to the county, but that practice died out long before 1800. There were marriage intentions commonly recorded in the bride's home town and additional recordings maybe found in the groom's home town and their current residence.

Massachusetts was the first state to bring a unified state-level recording of these events (but not marriage intentions) in 1841 (Boston excluded until 1850). The associated records of divorce and adoption are handled by the courts. The state has maintained a state-wide index to divorces since 1952, but adoption records will require more researching to discover.

It is easiest to start with the state vital records for events since 1841, though realize the original record is with the town or city. More details can be found on the Massachusetts Genealogy Guide page.

See also How to order Massachusetts Vital Records or order electronically online.

Birth

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Cemetery

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
USGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
Tombstone Project
MAInterment
EPodunk
Billion Graves
See Massachusetts Cemeteries for more information.

Census

Emigration and Immigration

Land Records

Land transfers, commonly called deeds, are recorded on the county level in Massachusetts. Not all deeds were recorded as is common practice today. The earliest transactions were charters or grants from the English Crown. Once local government was established, the colony would grant land to settlers directly or to towns to dole out. Some towns first start out as proprietorship and records were recorded there. Once towns were established, deeds were recorded on the county level.

Nantucket County Registry of Deeds
16 Broad Street
Nantucket, MA 02554
Telephone: 508-228-7250
Email: jen.ferreira@sec.state.ma.us

Original records

Records are available at the Registry. Their records ONLINE are:

  • Recorded Land [i.e. deeds], 1967-current.
  • Recorded Plans, 1974-current.
  • Registered Land [i.e. land court], 1958-current.
  • Registered Land Plans, 1899-current.


Original records on microfilm
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Probate Records

Online Probate Records

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Other Court Records

The court system can appear to be complex. The system was reorganized in 1686/1692, 1859, and 1978. Described below are the most commonly used records for history and genealogy, but realize that this list is incomplete. For more detailed information regarding court structure, see Understanding the Massachusetts Court System.

Older records are held by:
Supreme Judicial Court Archives
(administration - records stored in several off-site facilities and the Mass. Archives)
16th Floor, Highrise Court House
3 Pemberton Square
Boston MA 02109
Phone 617-557-1082
Email Elizabeth.Bouvier@sjc.state.ma.us

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County Court

This court was active from 1636 (called a quarterly court and then the county court when Suffolk was created in 1643) to 1692. The court heard all civil causes up to 10 shillings (raised to 40 shillings in 1647) and all criminal causes not concerning life, limb, or banishment. These were all jury trials. Some records can be found in the [Suffolk_County,_Massachusetts#Suffolk_Files|Suffolk Files].

The records microfilmed:

At the Massachusetts Archives:

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Quarterly Court of General Sessions of the Peace

This court was active from 1692 to 1827. The court heard criminal cases and had authority over county affairs that included levying taxes, reviewing town bylaws, highways, licensed liquor, regulated jails, supervised the administration of the poor laws, and appointed some county officials.

The records microfilmed:

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Inferior Court of Common Pleas

This court was active from 1692 to 1859. The court heard all civil cases over 40s unless a case involved freehold or was appealed from a justice of the peace.

The records microfilmed:

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Superior Court

The Quarterly Court of General Sessions was merged into the Inferior Court of Common Pleas in 1827, and that court was reorganized in 1859 to created the Superior Court as the new lower (i.e. trial) court. It covers both criminal and civil matters.

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Supreme Judicial Court

The Supreme Judicial Court was established by the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 that combined the former Governor and Council with the Superior Court of Judicature creating the highest state court. This court hears appeals, writ of error, capital offenses, and crimes against the public good. That included divorces until that action was moved to the lower court in 1887.

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Naturalization Records

Naturalization records were created on a variety of governmental levels from the Federal down to the city at the same time. The county records for all levels are outlines below. For more information, see the Massachusetts state page for more on naturalization.

Federal Naturalization Records for Nantucket County


Record Dates Location Index Microfilm/Online
Court of Common Pleas
Supreme Judicial Ct.
1804-1903 National Archives - Waltham Part of Card Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791-1906, NARA M1299, FHL film 1429671 (1st of 117) FHL Digital Capture 7173072-7173083; Part of the United States, New England Petitions for Naturalization Index, 1791-1906
Nantucket County Naturalization Records


Record Dates Location Index Microfilm/Online
Superior Court 1803-1974 Judicial Archives Card index Records, 1908-1945, at Mass. Arch. RR; Declarations, 1908-1945, Petitions, 1910-1945, and Citizenship granted, 1930-1945, FHL films 2132425-2132426
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Maps

For animated maps illustrating Massachusetts county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Massachusetts County Boundary Maps" (1643-1947) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

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Military Records

Revolutionary War

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Nantucket County Massachusetts Libraries and Genealogy Societies

Nantucket Historical Association Research Library and Archives

For information on additional archives and repositories, see

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Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Nantucket County Massachusetts Websites

Nantucket County Massachusetts Genealogy References

Adjacent counties:
Massachusetts: Barnstable | Dukes
New York: Suffolk County

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