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''[[Pacific]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]''''' [[Nauru_Genealogy|Nauru]]'' {{Nauru-sidebar}}Guide to '''Nauru ancestry, family history, and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
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==Country Information==
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Nauru is an island country in the Pacific Ocean. It was formerly known as ''Pleasant Island.'' Nauru was annexed by [[Germany Genealogy|Germany]] and became a colony in the late 19th century. It became a mandate territory administered by [[Australia Genealogy|Australia]], [[New Zealand Genealogy|New Zealand]], and the [[United Kingdom]] following World War I. The island was occupied by [[Japan Genealogy|Japan]] during World War II, and after the war entered into trusteeship again. Nauru achieved independence in 1968. The official languages are Nauruan and English.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Nauru," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,'' https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nauru, accessed 25 April 2016.</ref>
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==Getting Started ==
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<h3>Getting Started with Nauru Research</h3>
 
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Links to articles on getting started with Nauru research.
== Getting started with Nauru research  ==
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*[[Pacific Island Guide to Family History Research|Pacific Island Guide]]
 
 
[[Image:{{NaurLago}}]]
 
 
 
The&nbsp;'''Republic of Nauru''' is an island nation in the Micronesian South Pacific. Nauru, formerly known as ''Pleasant Island'', is the world's smallest island nation, covering just 21 km² (8.1 sq. mi), the smallest independent republic, and the only republican state in the world without an official capital. It is the least populous member of the United Nations.<br>Nauru was annexed by Germany and became a colony in the late 19th century. It became a mandate territory administered by Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom following World War I. The island was occupied by Japan during World War II, and after the war entered into trusteeship again. Nauru achieved independence in 1968.
 
 
 
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=== Historical Background  ===
 
 
 
[[Image:Inauru-.png|border|left|400px]]
 
 
 
This oval-shaped outcrop in the Central Pacific, west of Kiribati, is surrounded by a reef which is exposed at low tide. A century of phosphate mining has stripped 80 percent of the land area, and has left the central plateau infertile and unpopulated. The island has a fertile coastal strip. The population in the year 2000 was 11,000.&nbsp;
 
 
 
The clan has been the traditional building block of Nauruan life, and electoral boundaries follow the clan boundaries. Clan names are of the utmost importace in doing Nauran family history work. They give us clues as to who is our relative and where they lived.
 
 
 
'''1798''' Captain John Feam names it “Pleasant Island.”<br>'''1850''' Whalers, black birders, loggers, and buccaneers stop by the island. Firearms are introduced.<br>'''1870''' The 12 tribes of islanders have been at war and the population was decreased by one third. <br>'''1888''' The Germans invaded Nauru. They make it a German protectorate along with Marshall Islands until 1914.<br>'''1900''' A huge supply of phosphate is discovered and a London company begins shipping it to Australia.<br>'''1914''' Australian warships wrest the island from Germany and it becomes a British-mandated territory. Phosphate mining continues, with thousands of tons of phosphate exported. Chinese laborers are brought in.<br>'''1942''' The Japanese invade Nauru and deport 1200 native islanders to Truk Island for forced labor. 500 perish. The Japanese starve and force the islanders to harsh labor.<br>'''1946''' The Japanese surrender and the British take over again. 737 survivors return to find that only 1,000 native islanders are left.<br>'''1951''' The Local Government Council is established.<br>'''1968''' Nauru wins full independence and becomes a special member of the British Commonwealth.<br>'''1970''' Australia, New Zealand, and Britain hand over their joint control of phosphate operations to the Nauru Phosphate Corporation.<br>'''1989''' Nauru wins a suit and Australia pays for damages of the landscape. Environmental recovery work begins. <br>'''1996''' Due to financial need, Nauru begins to receive would-be refugees to Australia in exchange for payment.
 
 
 
'''2008 '''LDS Church membership on Nauru was 100.
 
 
 
== Jurisdictions  ==
 
 
 
(Your text or images here)
 
 
 
== Research Tools  ==
 
 
 
On the Internet, go to Familysearch.org. Choose the Library tab and then Family History Library Catalog. Click on Place. Type in Nauru, and a list of current holdings for Nauru will be displayed. <br>Microfilm number VAULT INT Film 1213009 contains some oral histories from the 1900s to 1945.
 
 
 
*Pacific Island Guide to Family History Research (Wiki article [[Pacific Island Guide to Family History Research|click here]])
 
*[http://www.micronesiagenweb.com/islands/nauru/index.html Micronesia Genealogy Project for Nauru]
 
 
 
*(helpful tools and resources, gazetteers)
 
*(language dictionary, handwriting guide or tutorial, etc.)
 
 
 
== Help Wanted  ==
 
 
 
<span style="font-family: arial;" class="Apple-style-span" /><span style="font-family: arial;" class="Apple-style-span">In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:</span>
 
 
 
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*Other...<div></div>
 
  
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<h3>Nauru Research Tools</h3>
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Links to articles and websites that assist in Nauru research.
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*[http://www.oceaniagenweb.org/index.php/nauru Micronesia Genealogy Project for Nauru]
 
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[[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups on Facebook]]
  
== Featured Content  ==
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==Nauru Clickable Map==
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Genealogy records are kept on the local level in Nauru.  Click on a place below to go to the corresponding Wiki article listing more information.
  
(Your text or images here)
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[[Image:Inauru-.png|border|left|600px|Inauru-.png]]
 
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[[Image:{{NaurLago}}]]
== Did you know?  ==
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The world’s smallest republic, this oval-shaped outcrop in the Central Pacific, west of Kiribati, is surrounded by a reef which is exposed at low tide. A century of phosphate mining has stripped 80 percent of the land area, and has left the central plateau infertile and unpopulated. The island has a fertile coastal strip. The population in the year 2000 was 11,000.
 
 
 
The clan has been the traditional building block of Nauruan life, and electoral boundaries follow the clan boundaries. Clan names are of the utmost importace in doing Nauran family history work. They give us clues as to who is our relative and where they lived.
 
 
 
<br>Historical background 1798 Captain John Feam names it “Pleasant Island.” 1850 Whalers, black birders, loggers, and buccaneers stop by the island. Firearms are introduced. 1870 The 12 tribes of islanders have been at war and the population was decreased by one third. 1888 The Germans invaded Nauru. They make it a German protectorate along with Marshall Islands until 1914. 1900 A huge supply of phosphate is discovered and a London company begins shipping it to Australia. 1914 Australian warships wrest the island from Germany and it becomes a British-mandated territory. Phosphate mining continues, with thousands of tons of phosphate exported. Chinese laborers are brought in. 1942 The Japanese invade Nauru and deport 1200 native islanders to Truk Island for forced labor. 500 perish. The Japanese starve and force the islanders to harsh labor. 1946 The Japanese surrender and the British take over again. 737 survivors return to find that only 1,000 native islanders are left. 1951 The Local Government Council is established. 1968 Nauru wins full independence and becomes a special member of the British Commonwealth. 1970 Australia, New Zealand, and Britain hand over their joint control of phosphate operations to the Nauru Phosphate Corporation. 1989 Nauru wins a suit and Australia pays for damages of the landscape. Environmental recovery work begins. 1996 Due to financial need, Nauru begins to receive would-be refugees to Australia in exchange for payment.  
 
 
 
Resources available On the Internet, go to Familysearch.org. Choose the Library tab and then Family History Library Catalog. Click on Place. Type in Nauru, and a list of current holdings for Nauru will be displayed. Microfilm number VAULT INT Film 1213009 contains some oral histories from the 1900s to 1945.
 
 
 
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==Jurisdictions==
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Genealogy records are kept on the local level in Nauru.  Click on a place below to go to the corresponding Wiki article listing more information.
*(Your Bullet)
 
  
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==FamilySearch Resources==
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Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.
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*[[Genealogy Help on Facebook|Facebook Communities]] - Facebook groups discussing genealogy research
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*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/home.html Learning Center] - Online genealogy courses
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*[https://familysearch.org/search/ Historical Records]
  
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*Current Events
 
  
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==References==
 
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*'''[[Pacific Island Guide to Family History Research|Pacific Island Guide]]'''
 
 
 
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Latest revision as of 20:44, 30 November 2016

Pacific Gotoarrow.png Nauru

Nauru Wiki Topics
Nauru flag.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Nauru Background
Local Research Resources

Guide to Nauru ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Country Information

Nauru is an island country in the Pacific Ocean. It was formerly known as Pleasant Island. Nauru was annexed by Germany and became a colony in the late 19th century. It became a mandate territory administered by Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom following World War I. The island was occupied by Japan during World War II, and after the war entered into trusteeship again. Nauru achieved independence in 1968. The official languages are Nauruan and English.[1]

Getting Started

Getting Started with Nauru Research

Links to articles on getting started with Nauru research.

Nauru Research Tools

Links to articles and websites that assist in Nauru research.

Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg

Nauru Clickable Map

Genealogy records are kept on the local level in Nauru. Click on a place below to go to the corresponding Wiki article listing more information.

Inauru-.png
Nauru lagoon.

Jurisdictions

Genealogy records are kept on the local level in Nauru. Click on a place below to go to the corresponding Wiki article listing more information.

FamilySearch Resources

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.


References

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Nauru," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nauru, accessed 25 April 2016.