Nebraska, Broken Bow Homestead Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Nebraska, Broken Bow Homestead Records, 1890-1908 .
This collection includes homestead entry case files and land entry case files for the years 1890 to 1908. The files were arranged chronologically and assigned a final certificate number. The files are from the Bureau of Land Management and include documents required to qualify for a homestead, such as:
- Final certificates
- Applications with land descriptions
- Affidavits showing proof of citizenship
- Register and Receiver receipts, notices, and final proofs
- Testimonies of witnesses
The Homestead Act of 1862 was signed into law after the secession of many Southern states from the Union. The Homestead Act allowed for settlement of land in unpopulated areas. It established a land acquisition process that required filing an application, improving the land, and filing for the deed of title. Any citizen or intended citizen could file an application for 160 acres of land, as long as they had never fought against the U.S. Government. Homesteaders had 5 years to build on, farm, and improve the land. After five years, a homeowner could file for a land patent or deed at a local land office. The local land offices forwarded the documentation to the General Land Office in Washington D.C. with a final certificate of eligibility.
Claimants paid $1.25 an acre. Service in the Union Army was counted towards the residency requirement after the Civil War. Not all homesteaders were able to qualify for ownership of the land due to harsh soil and weather conditions. Once the railroads were in place, homesteading increased due to the ease of travel.
- "Nebraska, Broken Bow Homestead Records, 1890-1908" Index. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "Land Entry Case Files of the Broken Bow Land Office, Broken Bow, Nebraska: Homestead Final Certificates, 1890-1908." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : 2007.
Key genealogical facts found in this collection may include:
- Application and final certificate numbers
- Name of applicant
- Description and location of land
How to Use the Record
To begin your search it is helpful to know
- Name of the applicant
Search the Collection
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
- There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
- Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.
Using the Information
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:
- Use the name, location, and date to find the family in census records.
- Use the description and location of land to find the family in land records.
- Use the description and location of land to find the family in probate records.
If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for nearby land owners with similar or variant spellings of the surnames.
Related Wiki Articles
- Nebraska Land and Property
- Nebraska, Homestead Records from Nebraska City and Lincoln Land Offices (FamilySearch Historical Records)
Contributions to This Article
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Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.