Difference between revisions of "New Hampshire Census"

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[New Hampshire|New Hampshire]]  >  [[New_Hampshire_Census|Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[New Hampshire|New Hampshire]]  >  [[New Hampshire Census|Census]]''  
  
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="100%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
For a list of available and missing New Hampshire censuses, [[New Hampshire Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
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<br>  
  
== Availability  ==
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[New Hampshire Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
<br>'''1800 Census Omissions--'''The 1800 census is missing for the towns of Alton, Barnstead, Brookfield, Effingham, Gilmantown, Middleton, New Durham, Ossipee, Tuftonborough, Wakefield, and Wolfeborough in Strafford County. Fortunately, the 1798 Direct Tax for many of these towns exists and serves as a census substitute. The 1800 census is also missing the towns of Atkinson, Greenland, Hampton, Hampton Falls, Londonderry, Northampton, Pehlam, Plaistow, Salem, Seabrook, Stratham, and Windham in Rockingham County.
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|}
  
'''1820 Census Omissions--'''The 1820 census is missing for Grafton County and the Rockingham County towns of Gosport, Greenland, New Castle, Newington, Portmouth, and Rye, Most of the census for Strafford County is missing except for the towns of Centre Harbor, Gilford, Moultonborough, New Hampton, and Sanbornton.
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=== Online New Hampshire indexes and images  ===
  
'''1850 Census Problem--'''Before the boundary dispute was settled in 1842, many residents of northern Coos County considered themselves within Canadian jurisdiction, so the Coos County census may be incomplete before 1850.<br>
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{{Census Online New Hampshire}}
  
'''''1850 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
<br>'''1860 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.''
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
'''&nbsp;1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
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*
  
'''1880 United States Census'''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of New Hampshire, [[New Hampshire Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
== Historical Background ==
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=== Federal non-population schedules ===
  
'''1788--'''New Hampshire became a state, as&nbsp;the 9th state added to the Union in 1788.
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
== Indexes  ==
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" width="77%"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for New Hampshire'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" width="10%" | '''Type'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1890'''
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| width="20%" | Veterans
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1420441 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1840'''
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| Pensioners
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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|}
  
'''Ancestry--'''All New Hampshire census records are indexed at [http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com]
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
== Special Censuses  ==
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*
  
==== Colonial Censuses ====
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book ====
  
Enumerations of colonial residents were made in New Hampshire for various years prior to the federal census. Lists of early residents from 1732 to 1742 that can be used as substitutes for census records are found in the tax records of the towns.  
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of New Hampshire, [[New Hampshire Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
'''1776 Census--'''This Colonial census is a list of men age 21 and over who declared their position regarding the Revolutionary War. It has been published in the following book:
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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
  
*Jay Mack Holbrook, ''New Hampshire 1776 Census'' (Oxford, Mass.: Holbrook Research Institute, 1976; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=200788&disp=New+Hampshire+1776+census%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Family History Library book 974.2 X2h 1776]). This book lists the name, town and county of residence, whether they were for or against the Revolutionary War, and the page number from Volume 30 of the New Hampshire State Papers.
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*'''1776 ''' State census of men over age 21 who declared their Revolutionary War position.<ref>Jay Mack Holbrook, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2619932 New Hampshire 1776 Census]'' (Oxford, Mass.: Holbrook Research Institute, 1976)[[{{Holbroo}}]]. This book lists the name, town and county of residence, whether they were for or against the Revolutionary War, and the page number from the ''New Hampshire provincial and state papers'', vol. 30 [FHL Book 974.2 N2nhp v. 30; Film 983567].</ref>
  
<br>
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=== Existing and lost censuses ===
 
 
== State Censuses ==
 
 
 
New Hampshire does not have a state census.
 
 
 
== Territorial Censuses  ==
 
  
New Hampshire was never a territory, so it does not have a territorial census.  
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For a list of available and missing New Hampshire censuses, [[New Hampshire Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
== Web Sites ==
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=== Why use a census? ===
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
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A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
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=== More about censuses  ===
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/NH/ http://www.census-online.com/links/NH/]
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[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:  
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/nh/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/nh/census.html]  
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:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
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:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
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:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
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:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp;[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/newhampshire.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/newhampshire.htm]
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
== References  ==
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{{reflist}}
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=New_Hampshire.ASP New Hampshire Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
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{{Place|New Hampshire}} {{stub}}
  
 
[[Category:New_Hampshire|Census]]
 
[[Category:New_Hampshire|Census]]

Revision as of 18:10, 17 February 2010

United States  >  U.S. Census  >  New Hampshire  >  Census

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online New Hampshire indexes and images

1880-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of New Hampshire 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1840-1870

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of New Hampshire 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1790-1830

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of New Hampshire 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1810 indexes Link - - Link  - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1800 indexes Link - - Link  - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1790 indexes Link - - Link  - Link  Link  Link  Link


-
images Link Link Tran-
script
Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of New Hampshire, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for New Hampshire

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners - BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of New Hampshire, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

  • 1776 State census of men over age 21 who declared their Revolutionary War position.[8]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing New Hampshire censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. Jay Mack Holbrook, New Hampshire 1776 Census (Oxford, Mass.: Holbrook Research Institute, 1976)[FHL Book 974.2 X2h 1776]. This book lists the name, town and county of residence, whether they were for or against the Revolutionary War, and the page number from the New Hampshire provincial and state papers, vol. 30 [FHL Book 974.2 N2nhp v. 30; Film 983567].