New Mexico Directories
A directory is defined as a “book containing names, addresses, and occupations of inhabitants.” It may also be “any list or compilation, usually in book or pamphlet form, of persons, professional organizations, firms or corporations.” Several types of directories have been published in the United States over the last two hundred years including: city directories, telephone directories, county and regional business directories, professional, organizational, and religious directories, post office directories, and street directories. Directories have tremendous value to genealogists as both an original record and as a reference aid.
The sections below provide information about New Mexico directories. For further information about directories in general, see United States Directories.
- 1882. A Complete Business Directory of New Mexico and Gazetteer of the Territory for 1882. Santa Fe, New Mexico: New Mexican Printing and Publishing Company, 1882. Digital version at Google Books.
- 1883-84. McKenney, L.M. Pacific Coast Directory, for 1883-84. Giving name, business, and address of business and professional men of California, Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, Alaska, Nevada, Utah, Idaho, Montana, Arizona, and New Mexico. Together with sketches of the different towns, giving location, population, Etc. San Francisco: L.M. McKenney & Co., 1882. Digital version at Internet Archive.
- 1884-85. Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, Wyoming and Arizona Gazetteer and Business Directory 1884-5. Volume 1. R.L. Polk & Co. and A.C. Danser, 1884. Digital versin at Google Books.
- 1938. New Mexico State Business Directory, 1938: Including El Paso, Texas Department and Denver, and Western Cities Classification. Denver: Gazetteer Pub. and Printing Co., 1938. FHL film 1000221.
Typically, city directories are published on a local level, hence the name "city" directory. There are no statewide “city” directories for New Mexico. To find local New Mexico city directories, check the appropriate New Mexico city Wiki page. Researchers may also find the following resources helpful:
- Ancestry.com ($) has New Mexico directories available online in their U.S. City Directories, 1821-1989 collection. The following cities are currently included: Albuquerque, Artesia, Carlsbad, Gallup, Hobbs, Roswell, and Santa Fe.
- US City Directories identifies printed, microfilmed, and online directories and their repositories.
The Family History Library (FHL)
The Family History Library has an excellent collection of New Mexico city directories on microfilm up through 1935. The cities of Albuquerque, Roswell, and Santa Fe are well represented. The Library also has printed directories for some select New Mexico cities that range from the 1950s to the 1990s.
To find out what records are available at the Library, do a "Place-names" seach in the Family History Library Catalog. Search for:
- New Mexico - Directories
- New Mexico, [County] - Directories
- New Mexico, [County], [City] - Directories
Libraries, Archives and Societies
"Most libraries, historical societies, and archives at the state level have fairly extensive collections of in-state directories and may also have directories from major out-of-state cities." The New Mexico History Museum's Fray Angelico Chavez History Library has a good collection of city directories.
- Henry Campbell Black, Black’s Law Dictionary: Definitions of the Terms and Phrases of American and English Jurisprudence, Ancient and Modern, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 415, “directory.”
- Remington, Gordon L., "Directories," in Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, editors, The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy, 3rd ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2006), chap. 8, p. 327.