New Mexico Military Records

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United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png New Mexico Gotoarrow.png Military Records

See also New Mexico Colonial Patriots,1779-1783

Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives.  See United States Military Records for more information about the federal military records and search strategies. For New Mexico the following sources are helpful:


Headquarters Records for 1863-1873 and for 1880-1884 have been microfilmed on 8 rolls and are part of National Archives Microcopy M1081. FHL Film: 1580039 (first film of 8)
  • Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890. By Gregory F. Michno. Mountain Press Publishing Co., Missoula, Montana C. 2003 ISBN 0-87842-468-7.

Spanish Service Records

Valuable records of those who served in the military in New Spain from 1786 to 1800 are at the General Archives in Simancas, Spain, and on microfilm at the Family History Library (Family History Library films 1156334-42, for index see Family History Library Europe book 946 M23e). You will also find military information in the Spanish Archives of New Mexico and the Mexican Archives of New Mexico (see New Mexico Genealogy).

The Simancas Archives is a dissapointment for researching the military records for Colonial New Mexico.  They only cover a short period of time and offer maybe up to 20 service records.  The Spanish Archives of New Mexico (aka SANM, series II) have over 435 military enlistment records available and are available at the Family History Library.  "Military Records of Colonial New Mexico Notas y 'Revistas (Notes & Musters)" is available at Family History Library and for purchase from Hispanic Genealogical Research Center of New Mexico.  "The Santa Fe Presidio Soldiers - Their Donation to the American Revolution" is available at the Family History Library and for purchase at the New Mexico Genealogy Society.

Civil War (1861 to 1865)

Arizona and New Mexico Territories 1863
See New Mexico in the Civil War for information about New Mexico Civil War records, websites, etc. with links to articles about the New Mexico regiments involved in the Civil War.

The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

A wiki article describing an online FamilySearch collection is found at:

New Mexico, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)

Many soldiers from throughout the United States served in the western states during the Indian Wars. Enlistment registers, pension records, and service records for this war are described in United States Military Records. The Family History Library has miscellaneous records and some muster rolls from the Adjutant Generals' Office in New Mexico for 1862 to 1898. (see FHL films 016612-13).

Spanish-American War (1898)

Names of soldiers who served in Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders from New Mexico are listed in History of New Mexico: Its Resources and People, Volume 1 (Los Angeles, California: Pacific States Publishing Company, 1907. FHL book 978.9 H2h; FHL film 844902, Volume 1)

World War I (1917-1918)

  • A published roster of soldiers who died in the war is W. M. Haulsee, F. C. Howe, and A. C. Doyle, Soldiers of the Great War, Three Volumes. (Washington, D.C.: Soldiers Record Publishing Association, 1920. FHL book 973 M23s; FHL fiche 6051244.
Volume 2 contains the New Mexico returns.

  • United States. Selective Service System. New Mexico, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987-1988. FHL film 1711857 (first of 16).
These cards have been digitized and are searchable online. See WWI Draft Records for more information.

World War II (1941-1945)


The New Mexico Records Center and Archives has an excellent collection of military records, including:

  • Muster rolls
  • Cemetery records
  • Files of the Adjutant General's office from 1848 to 1945



  • New Mexico Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001. (NOTE: All of the information from the original research outline has been imported into this Wiki site and is being updated as time permits.)