New Orleans, Louisiana
See also Orleans Parish, Louisiana.
- 1 History
- 2 Resources
- 3 Societies and Libraries
New Orleans was founded about 1718 by Jean-Baptiste LeMoyne, Sieur de Bienville, then governor of the French Louisiana colony, who named the settlement for Philippe II, Duc d'Orléans, then regent of France. In 1722 the town was made the capital of the colony. Following the partition of Louisiana between England and Spain in 1762-1763, New Orleans (called Nouvelle-Orléans) became the capital of Spanish Louisiana. The French citizens revolted against Spain and expelled the Spanish governor in 1768. The revolt was short-lived, however, and a show of force in 1769 reestablished Spanish rule. New Orleans was ceded secretly to France in 1800, and in the space of only twenty days (November 30-December 20, 1803) it was formally ceded first to France and then, by the terms of the Louisana Purchase, to the United States. Under American enterprise, development of the city was rapid.
The city was incorporated in 1805 and became the State capital in 1812. In 1815, at the close of the War of 1812, the city was attacked by a British force. General Andrew Jackson commanded an American army that decisively defeated the invaders in the Battle of New Orleans, on January 8, 1815.
During the following four decades New Orleans enjoyed great prosperity. Trade was tremendously increased by the advent of the steamboat and railroads, and by 1852 the city was the third largest in the United States.
During the Civil War, New Orleans, as the chief Confederate port and a military center, was a focal objective of Union troops. Admiral David Glasgow Farragut, commanding a Union fleet, captured the city in April 1862, and the port was held by the Union until the end of the war.
From 1865 to 1877 the history of New Orleans was characterized by racial and political strife incited by so-called carpetbaggers, who encouraged the freed slaves to persecute their former masters. Riots became so frequent that the Federal government declared maritial law in 1874. The government forces were withdrawn in 1877.
During the period of Reconstruction the city slowly recovered. The capital was transferred to Baton Rouge in 1880, and civic enterprise devoted itself to commercial development and public works.
- Slave and Free People of Color Baptismal Records in the Archives 1777-1801, available online, courtesy: Office of Archives: Archdiocese of New Orleans.
- African American Resource Center - a reference division of the New Orleans Public Library
- Lafayette Cemetery Number 1, New Orleans BillionGraves
- NewOrleansChurches.com - an historical photo album of historic places of worship in the New Orleans area.
- German Churches of New Orleans - an inventory of records
- The Sacramental Records of the Roman Catholic Church of the Archdiocese of New Orleans, edited by Earl C. Woods and Charles E. Nolan are invaluable. They contain birth, baptism, marriage, and death information. Currently there are 19 volumes covering 1718 to 1831.
Felicity Street German Methodist Episcopal Church, New Orleans
- 1869-1875 - Felicity Street German Methodist Episcopal Church, New Orleans, Baptism Index 1869-1875. Batch C534671 at FamilySearch - free.
- 1870-1885 - Felicity Street German Methodist Episcopal Church, New Orleans, Baptism Index 1870-1885. Batch M534671 at FamilySearch - free.
Lafayette Presbyterian Church, New Orleans
- 1842-1853 - Lafayette Presbyterian Church, New Orleans, Baptism Index 1842-1853. Batch C530162 at FamilySearch - free.
- 1852-1885 - Lafayette Presbyterian Church, New Orleans, Baptism Index 1852-1885. Batch C530161 at FamilySearch - free.
- 1841-1855 - Lafayette Presbyterian Church, New Orleans, Marriage Index 1841-1855. Batch M530162 at FamilySearch - free.
- 1859-1892 - Lafayette Presbyterian Church, New Orleans, Marriage Index 1859-1892. Batch M530161 at FamilySearch - free.
- Fold3.com ($) has New Orleans City Directories 1861 and 1866-1923 (3 yrs. missing) available online.
Laws and Legislation
- The following site nutrias.org/~nopl/inv/neh/nehab.htm#ab22 contains short descriptions of various city government charters for the City of New Orleans and provides an inventory of minutes, ordinances, and resolutions.
- A good online history of New Orleans is located at www.madere.com/history.html. The authors are Donald McNabb and Louis E. Madere. The timeframe covered is founding of New Orleans to the Civil War.
- 1804-1871 - The New Orleans Bee (New Orleans, La.) at Google News - free.
- 1810-1851 - Courrier de la Louisiane (New Orleans, La.) at Google News - free.
- 1816-1819 - L'Amis de Lois & Journal du Soir (New Orleans, La.) at Google News - free.
- 1867-1870 - New Orleans Republican (New Orleans, La.) at Google News - free.
- 1876-1906 - New Orleanser Deutsche Zeitung (New Orleans, La.) at Google News - free.
- Times Picayune Orleans Parish Obit Index - a project of USGenWeb Archives
- Indexes to birth, marriage, and death records for New Orleans are online at The USGenWeb Archives Project for Orleans Parish, Louisiana. The indexes provide the volume and page numbers from which the FHL Catalog can be used to locate the microfilm containing the vital record of interest. Indexes for Orleans parish birth records 1790-1907 can be found online at http://www.sos.louisiana.gov/Home/Archives/ResearchLibrary/VitalRecords/OrleansParishBirths/tabid/641/Default.aspx and marriages at http://www.sos.louisiana.gov/Home/Archives/ResearchLibrary/VitalRecords/OrleansParishMarriages/tabid/633/Default.aspx Actual certificates are not available for many of these older records.
- New Orleans Marriage Records
- USGenWeb Archives Project Yellow Fever Death Records - Lists of Interments in New Orleans cemeteries, 1828-1878
Societies and Libraries
- Genealogical Research Society of New Orleans - The organization was established in 1960 to foster an interest in family research and to encourage preservation of genealogical records in New Orleans, in Louisiana and the Gulf Coast.
- The Jewish Genealogical Society (JGS) of New Orleans - The JGS is a non-profit organization for those who desire to research their Jewish roots in Louisiana and worldwide.
- Louisiana Historical Society - Founded in 1835, the Louisiana Historical Society is the oldest historical organization in the state.
- La Creole Research Association - a New Orleans based non-profit family research organization dedicated to the study of the history and culture of the Creoles of Color of Louisiana through ancestral research, education, and celebration.
- The Public Library of New Orleans has a wealth of online information at nutrias.org/~nopl/spec/speclist.htm including
- Louisiana Biography/Obituary Index
- Guide to Genealogical Materials
- Digging Up Roots in the Mud Files
- NOVA Transcriptions of City Archives Records
- Index to Deaths in the Daily Picayune, 1837-1857
- Index to the Justices of the Peace Marriage Records, 1846-1880
- New Orleans Newspaper Marriage Index, 1837-1857
- Passenger Arrivals at the Port of New Orleans
- Naturalization Records in New Orleans
- Birth Records for New Orleans
- Hints on Using the 1850 Census
- Hints on Using the 1860-1920 Censuses
- New Orleans City Directories
- African-American Genealogical Sources
- Dick Eastman, "New Orleans Archdiocese Publishes Online Baptism, Marriage Records of Slaves," Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter, 1 February 2011.
- Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/c/c2/Igilouisiana.pdf.