Many records of New Spain can be found at the Archivo General de Indias in Seville, Spain, or at archives in Mexico.The holdings of the Archivo General de Indias or AGI can be found through the site PARES - Portal de Archivos Españoles. Many documents from the Archivo General de Indias can be found digitized online through the PARES portal. Some of the better AGI collections for records of New Spain include the following categories:
- Casa de la Contratación, 1492-1795. This collection includes Pasajeros a Indias and Libros de asiento de pasajeros which are records of the arrivals and departures of passengers.
- Catalogos de Pasajeros a Indias, 1509-1701 is an index of these records. A portion of these indexes can be found in book and microfilm form at the Family History Library. Use a keyword search with the terms “Pasajeros a Indias” to locate these records. The entire collection can be found only at the Archivo General de Indias in Seville, Spain.
- Contaduria, 1514-1782 is mostly documents of a financial nature but does also include information from the Consejos de las Indias, 1514-1760, the ruling council in Spanish America and Asientos de Negros, 1541-1739, which deals with the transportation of slaves.
- Patronato Real, 1480-1801 includes much information regarding the early years of exploration and conquest. Records may be found for the years 1520-1638 for Nueva España and 1595-1658 for California.
Documentary Relations of the Southwest sponsored by the University of Arizona has several large collections of documents for New Spain. Among these are the following:
- Biofile Southwest – a biographical listing of nearly 20,000 persons living in northern New Spain. The following are sub-collections of the Biofile Southwest
- Biofile Relatives and Household Members Index – an alphabetical index to other names found with the biographical sketches of persons found in the Biofile Southwest. This might include other family and/or household members.
- Biofile Occupations and Titles Index – a listing of all titles and occupations found within the Biofile Southwest documents.
- Master Index – contains a guide to many archival collections of colonial documents for northern New Spain.
For more information on any of their holdings or to search the collections visit their website.
National Archive of Mexico or Archivo General de la Nación
The Archivo General de la Nacion of Mexico also has many holdings for New Spain. Many of these are duplicates of documents found in the Archivo General de Indias. You may search their catalog online. If you find something you wish to view keep in mind that many important documents from the archive have been filmed and are available through FamilySearch. Try keyword searches to determine if the material is available through the FamilySearch catalog. Two valuable collections you might consider are:
Ramo de historia – a collection of documents regarding the early colonial years of Mexico. Many volumes have indexes.
Ramo de tierras – a collection of legal documents from the Mexican colonial period. An index is available.
Several universities in the United States also have some valuable collections for New Spain. Among these are the following:
- New Mexico State University, Border & Latin America Information
- Tulane University, New Orleans, Latin American Library
- University of California, Berkeley, Latin Americana Collection
- University of Texas, Austin
- University of Texas, El Paso
- Yale University, Latin American Collection
For further reading
Barnes, Thomas C., Thomas H. Naylor, and Charles W. Polzer. Northern New Spain: A Research Guide. Tucson, Arizona: University of Arizona Press, 1981.
“Casa de Contratación.” Online: Britannica.com, 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/135411/Casa-de-Contratacion>, accessed July 2013.
Chapman, Charles Edward. Catalogue of materials in the Archivo General de Indias for the history of the Pacific coast and the American Southwest. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1919.
Ryskamp, George R.,Finding your Hispanic Roots. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1997.
Ryskamp, George R., and Peggy H. Ryskamp. Finding Your Mexican Ancestors: A Beginner’s Guide. Provo, Utah: Ancestry Pub., 2007.
- Appendix D Archives of the States of Mexico
- Appendix E Researching in the Archivo General de la Nación from the United States
Índice de documentos de Nueva España: existentes en el Archivo de Indias de Sevilla. México, D.F.: Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores, 1925-1931.
- Wikipedia contributors, "Viceroyalty of New Spain," in Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Spain (accessed May 2, 2009).