Difference between revisions of "New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
+
[[New Zealand Genealogy|New Zealand]]
|CID=CID1609792
 
|title=New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1855-1973
 
|location=Australia and New Zealand}}<br>
 
 
 
== Record Description  ==
 
 
 
These lists cover the period from 1855 to 1973.
 
 
 
The records are written on printed forms in tabular format in bound volumes. Most registers are legible; however some are faded or bleed through, and therefore are a bit difficult to read.
 
 
 
The passenger lists include immigrants arriving mostly from the British Isles, and also from Western Europe, Asia, and the Polynesia. Many people immigrated to New Zealand to form colonies and settle for a better life. From 1840 until the 1970s, Britain was the main source for immigrants; all ships carrying passengers in or out of any British port were required by law to present their passenger lists to the relevant port authorities. Other immigrants came from Western Europe, some from Polynesia, and Asia. Prior to 1900 there were various classes of immigrants; the largest groups were the assisted immigrants and paying passengers.&nbsp;
 
 
 
Because of the multi-cultural nature of the immigrants, New Zealand became a multi-cultural community from the outset. Beginning in 1871 the New Zealand Government began to offer assisted passages to selected immigrants and those people nominated by relatives. The migration of the 1870s was the most significant in New Zealand history.
 
 
 
In the year 1874 thousands of assisted immigrants arrived in New Zealand, forming the greatest level of migration ever. Almost half of the new immigrants came with government assistance. Three-quarters of these sailed directly from the United Kingdom. Because of economic difficulties in the later 19th century, assistance was finally terminated.
 
 
 
In the year 1891 New Zealand received the last small group of assisted migrants. However, assisted migration was restored in 1904 when the economy of the country returned to prosperity, making it once more an attractive country to new immigrants. During the early 20th century one-third of the immigrants came from Australia, and two-thirds from the United Kingdom.&nbsp;
 
 
 
At the port of embarkation, all passengers were listed in a book. At the port of destination this registry was verified and kept by the authorities of the destination country. These registers were later used for immigration and population statistics.
 
 
 
A form of identification was required to embark on the ship, so the records should be accurate. However, since they were generally handwritten by an officer, there may be some errors.
 
  
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1609792/waypoints Browse].  
+
{{New Zealand HR Infobox
 +
| CID = CID1609792
 +
| title =New Zealand, Archives New Zealand, Passenger Lists, 1839-1973
 +
| CID2 = CID1609792
 +
| title2 = New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1871-1915
 +
| location = New Zealand
 +
| LOC_01 =
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| loc_map =
 +
| record_type =Immigration Passenger Lists
 +
| start_year =1839
 +
| end_year =1973
 +
| FS_URL_01 =[[New Zealand Emigration and Immigration]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 =[[New Zealand History]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 =[[New Zealand Genealogy]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 =
 +
| FS_URL_05 =
 +
| FS_URL_06 =
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 =[http://christchurchcitylibraries.com/resources/History/FamilyHistory/NewZealand/ShippingLists/index.asp New Zealand Shipping Lists]
 +
| RW_URL_02 =[http://archives.govt.nz New Zealand Archives]
 +
| RW_URL_03 =[http://www.ngaiopress.com/drhocken.htm Passenger arrivals at Port Chalmers, New Zealand, March 1848 - January 1851]
 +
| RW_URL_04 =[http://members.iinet.net.au/~perthdps//shipping/index.html Western Australian Shipping: a directory of ships bringing passengers to Western Australia]  
 +
| RW_URL_05 =
 +
| custodian =[http://archives.govt.nz/ Archives - New Zealand]
 +
}}
  
=== Citations for This Collection ===
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
 +
This collection contains immigrant registers from New Zealand, covering the period 1839 to 1973.
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
+
Upon leaving a home country for New Zealand, all passengers in a ship were listed in a register book, and were then checked against that register upon entry into their port of destination. As a form of identification was required to embark on the ship, these immigration records are generally accurate. However, since they were normally handwritten by an officer, slight errors are not uncommon. The records are written or printed on prepared forms, tabular format, in bound volumes. Most registers are legible; however, some are faded or have some bleed-through, and so are a bit difficult to read.
  
{{Collection citation
+
== Collection Content ==
| text=<!--bibdescbegin-->Ships involved in New Zealand immigration. New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1855-1915. Archives New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.<!--bibdescend-->}}
+
This collection contains primarily New Zealand immigration passenger lists, although crew lists make up a significant portion as well. Approximately ten percent of the collection is a mixture of other travel-related documents, including goods manifests.
 
 
Digital images of originals housed at various municipal archives throughout New Zealand.
 
 
 
[[New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
  
 +
=== Sample Images ===
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
 
Image:New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists DGS 4415900 20 Example 1.jpg|Passenger List
 
Image:New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists DGS 4415900 20 Example 1.jpg|Passenger List
 
Image:New Zealand Immigration Passenger Lists DGS 4415900 22 Example 2.jpg|Master list
 
Image:New Zealand Immigration Passenger Lists DGS 4415900 22 Example 2.jpg|Master list
 
Image:New Zealand Immigration Passenger Lists DGS 4415900 27 Example 3.jpg|Crew List
 
Image:New Zealand Immigration Passenger Lists DGS 4415900 27 Example 3.jpg|Crew List
</gallery>  
+
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
== What Can This Collection Tell Me? ==
 +
The following lists indicate potential information given in passenger lists, but it must be remembered that every record may not provide all of the listed information. The amount of information found in the registers depends on the type of passenger list; assisted immigration registers are the most common and tend to have the most information.
  
'''Key genealogical facts found in this collection may contain the following information:'''
+
'''Passenger lists''' may contain:  
  
 
*Full name of each passenger  
 
*Full name of each passenger  
Line 49: Line 56:
 
*Male or female  
 
*Male or female  
 
*Country of emigration  
 
*Country of emigration  
*Age
+
*Port of Entry and date of arrival
 +
*Estimated age
 
*Occupation  
 
*Occupation  
 
*Total cost of passage and how paid  
 
*Total cost of passage and how paid  
 
*Name of ship and port of embarkation  
 
*Name of ship and port of embarkation  
*Port of destination and date of arrival
 
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
 
==== Beginning Your Search  ====
 
 
To find ancestors on the passenger lists, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
 
  
*Ancestors name  
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
*An approximate date and port of arrival.  
+
Before beginning a search in these records, it is best to know the full name of the individual in question, as well as an approximate time range for the desired record. When entered into the search engine on the Collection Page, this information provides the quickest, most reliable path to finding the correct person. Of course, other information can be substituted as necessary.
*Name of ship
 
*Name of parents
 
  
==== Searching the Index  ====
+
'''Search by name by visiting the Collection Page:'''<br>
 +
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page to return a list of possible matches. Compare the individuals on the list with what is already known to find the correct family or person. This step may require examining multiple individuals before a match is located.
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
+
'''To browse by image:'''<br> To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the "Arrival port or destination" category<br> ⇒Select the "Arrival Year" category<br> ⇒Select the “Ship's name" category which takes you to the images<br>
  
==== Searching the Images  ====
+
Compare the information found on the images with what is already known determine if a particular record relates to the correct person. This process may require examining multiple records before the correct person is located.
  
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br>⇒ Select the "Arrival port or destination" category<br>⇒ Select the "Arrival date - year" category<br>⇒ Select the "Ship's name" category which takes you to the images.  
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 +
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*Make sure to fully transcribe and cite the record for future reference. See below for assistance in citing this collection. Save or print a copy of the image if possible.
 +
*Use the information which has been discovered to find more. For instance, use the estimated age to calculate an approximate year of birth, if that is yet undetermined.
 +
*Remember that the family structure reported in these passenger lists are a snapshot of the family at one moment in their lives. Other relations may have not traveled with the family, died previously, or were born afterwards.
 +
*Continue to search the index to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives. Remember that individuals might not be listed with their immediate families, as they often migrated with neighbors, distant relatives, or other associates.
 +
*Use the information which has been discovered to find the individual in civil or religious records.  
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
+
=== I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*When looking for a person with a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which individual is correct. Use other information, such as place of birth, age, occupation, or names of parents, to determine which candidate is the correct person. If listed, a personal title may be a clue to property ownership or occupation, either of which might be noted in other records.
 +
*Check for variants of given names, surnames, and place names. Remember that it was not uncommon for an individual be listed under a nickname or an abbreviation of their name in a church record. See [[Abbreviations Found in Genealogy Records]] for some common examples of abbreviations. Note that some women reverted to their maiden name when their husband died, and therefore could possibly have traveled under their maiden name.
 +
*Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name or surname to return broader list of possible candidates which can then be examined for matches.
 +
*It is estimated that the majority of the British immigrants after arrival settled in provinces near their port of entry. Thus, a wider search in the provinces of Auckland, Canterbury, Hawke’s Bay, Marlborough, Nelson, Taranaki, Wellington, or Westland may prove fruitful, depending on which port the individual landed in.
  
==== Unable to Find Information?  ====
+
== General Notes about the Collection ==
 +
Many people immigrated to New Zealand to form colonies and settle for a better life. From the 1840s until the 1970s, Britain was the main source for immigrants, and all ships carrying passengers in or out of any British port were required by law to present their passenger lists to the relevant port authorities. Other immigrants came from Western Europe, Polynesia, and Asia. Prior to 1900 there were various classes of immigrants, with the largest groups being the assisted immigrants and paying passengers.
  
If unable to find your immigrant ancestors in the vital records of New Zealand, you may find them in the passenger lists.  
+
New Zealand became multicultural due to the number of immigrations coming from other countries. Beginning in 1871 the New Zealand Government began to offer assisted passages to selected immigrants and others nominated by relatives. The migration of the 1870s was the most significant in New Zealand history.  
  
The amount of information found in the registers depends on the type of immigrant—the assisted immigration registers are the most common and tend to have more information. Many eighteenth and nineteenth century immigration sources have been published. Indexes to passenger lists have also been published. It is estimated that the majority of the British immigrants after arrival settled in the provinces of Auckland, Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay, Wellington, Nelson, Marlborough, Canterbury, and Westland.  
+
In 1874 thousands of assisted immigrants arrived in New Zealand, forming the greatest level of migration ever. Almost half of the new immigrants came with government assistance. Three-quarters of these sailed directly from the United Kingdom. Because of economic difficulties in the later 19th century, assistance was finally terminated.  
  
The majority of Scottish immigrants settled in the provinces of Otago and Southland. An average of 22% of Irish settled in each province but mostly in Westland. Less than 2% of the population per province was Welsh. Most of the English immigrants between 1870 and the late 1880s came from the southern Midlands of England or from Cornwall and Devon. The Scots came mostly from the Lowlands and some from the Shetland Islands. The Irish were typically from the south-west or Ulster.  
+
In 1891 New Zealand received the last small group of assisted migrants. However, assisted migration was restored in 1904 when the country's economy returned to prosperity, making it once more an attractive country to new immigrants. During the early 20th century one-third of the immigrants came from Australia and two-thirds from the United Kingdom.  
 
 
== Known Issues with This Collecton  ==
 
  
 +
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
 
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
== Citing this Collection ==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nzbound/bibliography.htm Bibliography for New Zealand Bound Shipping]
+
'''Collection Citation''' {{Collection citation | text= " New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1839-1973." Database with Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://familysearch.org: accessed 2016. Citing Archives New Zealand, Wellington.}}
  
'''The links to these documents are located in the Archway Public Archives New Zealand on-line finding aid:<br>'''
+
'''Record Citation''' {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1609792
 +
|title=New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1839-1973
 +
}}
  
*[http://archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewEntity.do?code=ACFS http://archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewEntity.do?code=ACFS]
+
'''Image Citation''' {{Image Citation Link
*[http://archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewEntity.do?code=ACFQ http://archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewEntity.do?code=ACFQ]
+
|CID=CID1609792
*[http://archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewEntity.do?code=ADBO http://archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewEntity.do?code=ADBO]
+
|title=New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists,1839-1973
*[http://archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewEntity.do?code=16135http://archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewEntity.do?code=ACFQS http://archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewEntity.do?code=16135]
+
}}
*[http://archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewEntity.do?code=16135http://archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewEntity.do?code=ACFQS http://archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewEntity.do?&nbsp;&nbsp; code=ACFQS&nbsp;]
 
 
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
 
 
*[[New Zealand|New Zealand]]
 
*[[New Zealand Archives and Libraries|New Zealand Archives and Libraries]]
 
*[[New Zealand Emigration and Immigration]]
 
 
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
 
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
 
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
 
 
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
 
 
 
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
 
 
 
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
 
  
"New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists 1855-1973," index and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FSY8-6P8: accessed14 June 2012), Edd S Phillips, carpenter, ship Adamant, departure date: 14 July 1875; citing Wellington, Passenger Lists, digital folder 4,412,767 image 0009; Archway Public Archives, Wellington, New Zealand.
+
== How You Can Contribute  ==
 +
{{Contributor invite}}
 +
{{H-langs|en=New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Nova Zelândia, Listas de Passageiros Imigrantes (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}

Latest revision as of 18:09, 13 January 2017

New Zealand

Access the Records
New Zealand, Archives New Zealand, Passenger Lists, 1839-1973  and New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1871-1915.
CID1609792
CID1609792
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
New Zealand
New Zealand Flag.jpg
Flag of New Zealand
NZ Locator Map New Zealand.png
Record Description
Record Type Immigration Passenger Lists
Collection years 1839-1973
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Archives - New Zealand


What is in the Collection?

This collection contains immigrant registers from New Zealand, covering the period 1839 to 1973.

Upon leaving a home country for New Zealand, all passengers in a ship were listed in a register book, and were then checked against that register upon entry into their port of destination. As a form of identification was required to embark on the ship, these immigration records are generally accurate. However, since they were normally handwritten by an officer, slight errors are not uncommon. The records are written or printed on prepared forms, tabular format, in bound volumes. Most registers are legible; however, some are faded or have some bleed-through, and so are a bit difficult to read.

Collection Content

This collection contains primarily New Zealand immigration passenger lists, although crew lists make up a significant portion as well. Approximately ten percent of the collection is a mixture of other travel-related documents, including goods manifests.

Sample Images

What Can This Collection Tell Me?

The following lists indicate potential information given in passenger lists, but it must be remembered that every record may not provide all of the listed information. The amount of information found in the registers depends on the type of passenger list; assisted immigration registers are the most common and tend to have the most information.

Passenger lists may contain:

  • Full name of each passenger
  • Adult or child
  • Male or female
  • Country of emigration
  • Port of Entry and date of arrival
  • Estimated age
  • Occupation
  • Total cost of passage and how paid
  • Name of ship and port of embarkation

How Do I Search the Collection?

Before beginning a search in these records, it is best to know the full name of the individual in question, as well as an approximate time range for the desired record. When entered into the search engine on the Collection Page, this information provides the quickest, most reliable path to finding the correct person. Of course, other information can be substituted as necessary.

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page to return a list of possible matches. Compare the individuals on the list with what is already known to find the correct family or person. This step may require examining multiple individuals before a match is located.

To browse by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the "Arrival port or destination" category
⇒Select the "Arrival Year" category
⇒Select the “Ship's name" category which takes you to the images

Compare the information found on the images with what is already known determine if a particular record relates to the correct person. This process may require examining multiple records before the correct person is located.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking for, What Now?

  • Make sure to fully transcribe and cite the record for future reference. See below for assistance in citing this collection. Save or print a copy of the image if possible.
  • Use the information which has been discovered to find more. For instance, use the estimated age to calculate an approximate year of birth, if that is yet undetermined.
  • Remember that the family structure reported in these passenger lists are a snapshot of the family at one moment in their lives. Other relations may have not traveled with the family, died previously, or were born afterwards.
  • Continue to search the index to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives. Remember that individuals might not be listed with their immediate families, as they often migrated with neighbors, distant relatives, or other associates.
  • Use the information which has been discovered to find the individual in civil or religious records.

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • When looking for a person with a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which individual is correct. Use other information, such as place of birth, age, occupation, or names of parents, to determine which candidate is the correct person. If listed, a personal title may be a clue to property ownership or occupation, either of which might be noted in other records.
  • Check for variants of given names, surnames, and place names. Remember that it was not uncommon for an individual be listed under a nickname or an abbreviation of their name in a church record. See Abbreviations Found in Genealogy Records for some common examples of abbreviations. Note that some women reverted to their maiden name when their husband died, and therefore could possibly have traveled under their maiden name.
  • Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name or surname to return broader list of possible candidates which can then be examined for matches.
  • It is estimated that the majority of the British immigrants after arrival settled in provinces near their port of entry. Thus, a wider search in the provinces of Auckland, Canterbury, Hawke’s Bay, Marlborough, Nelson, Taranaki, Wellington, or Westland may prove fruitful, depending on which port the individual landed in.

General Notes about the Collection

Many people immigrated to New Zealand to form colonies and settle for a better life. From the 1840s until the 1970s, Britain was the main source for immigrants, and all ships carrying passengers in or out of any British port were required by law to present their passenger lists to the relevant port authorities. Other immigrants came from Western Europe, Polynesia, and Asia. Prior to 1900 there were various classes of immigrants, with the largest groups being the assisted immigrants and paying passengers.

New Zealand became multicultural due to the number of immigrations coming from other countries. Beginning in 1871 the New Zealand Government began to offer assisted passages to selected immigrants and others nominated by relatives. The migration of the 1870s was the most significant in New Zealand history.

In 1874 thousands of assisted immigrants arrived in New Zealand, forming the greatest level of migration ever. Almost half of the new immigrants came with government assistance. Three-quarters of these sailed directly from the United Kingdom. Because of economic difficulties in the later 19th century, assistance was finally terminated.

In 1891 New Zealand received the last small group of assisted migrants. However, assisted migration was restored in 1904 when the country's economy returned to prosperity, making it once more an attractive country to new immigrants. During the early 20th century one-third of the immigrants came from Australia and two-thirds from the United Kingdom.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation

" New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1839-1973." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://familysearch.org: accessed 2016. Citing Archives New Zealand, Wellington.

Record Citation

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1839-1973.

Image Citation

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists,1839-1973.

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.