Difference between revisions of "North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
+
''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[North Carolina, United States Genealogy|North Carolina]]''
|CID=CID2143119
+
{{US NARA HR Infobox
|title=North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872  
+
| CID=CID2143119
|location=United States
+
| title=North Carolina , Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872
|scheduled=}}<br>
+
| CID2=CID1803698
 +
| title2=North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Assistant Commissioner Records, 1862-1870
 +
| location= North Carolina
 +
| LOC_01 = North Carolina 
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type = Freedmen and Refugees Records 
 +
| record_group_nr = 105
 +
| record_group_title =[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/105.html Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands]
 +
| start_year = 1865
 +
| end_year = 1872
 +
| micro_pub_nr = M1909
 +
| micro_pub_title =[http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1909.pdf Records of the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina,  Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872]
 +
| micro_pub_rolls = 78
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement = 
 +
| NAID =[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/434 434]
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2431126?collectionNameFilter=false Records of the Commissioner]
 +
| FS_URL_02 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2427901?collectionNameFilter=false Records of the Assistant Commissioner]
 +
| FS_URL_03 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2427894?collectionNameFilter=false Superintendent of Education and the Division of Education Records]
 +
| FS_URL_04 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1417695?collectionNameFilter=true Freedmen’s Bank]
 +
| FS_URL_05 =[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1438024?collectionNameFilter=false 1870 Census] 
 +
| FS_URL_06 =[[African American Freedmen's Bureau Records]] 
 +
| FS_URL_07 =[[Quick Guide to African American Records]] 
 +
| FS_URL_08 =[[African American Research]] 
 +
| FS_URL_09 =[[North Carolina Cohabitation Records]]
 +
| FS_URL_10 =[https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/178140?availability=Family%20History%20Library The North Carolina Gazetteer]
 +
| RW_URL_01 =[http://mappingthefreedmensbureau.com/maps/ Mapping the Freedmen's Bureau]
 +
| RW_URL_02 =[http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/summer/freedmens-bureau-records.html  NARA Freedmen's Bureau Records: An Overview]
 +
| RW_URL_03 =[http://www.archives.gov/atlanta/finding-aids/freedmens-bureau.pdf NARA Genealogical Finding Aid]
 +
| RW_URL_04 =[http://www.roanokefreedmenscolony.com/ Roanoke Island Freedmen's Colony]
 +
| RW_URL_05 =[http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/freedmens-bureau/highlights.html NARA Select Images from Freedmen's Bureau Records]
 +
| RW_URL_06 =[http://freedmensbureau.com/ The Freedmen's Bureau Online]. Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands
 +
| RW_URL_07 =[https://library.uncg.edu/slavery/ Digital Library on American Slavery University of North Carolina Greensboro]
 +
| RW_URL_08 =[http://www.history.umd.edu/Freedmen/fssppubs.htm Publications of the Freedmen and Southern Society Project]
 +
| RW_URL_09 =[http://suffolk.libguides.com/content.php?pid=117960&sid=1828859 Suffolk University,Boston]
 +
| RW_URL_10 =[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_plantations_in_North_Carolina List of North Carolina Plantations]
 +
}}
  
== Record Description  ==
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
 +
This collection consists of scanned images of records from National Archives microfilm publication [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1909.pdf M1909] Records of the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands which is part of Record Group 105 Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands.
 +
The images are generally arranged in the order the records were microfilmed with the records of the Assistant Commissioner who oversaw Bureau operations in the state and state level staff officers; Superintendent of Education, Inspector, Chief Quartermaster and Disbursing Officer, Surgeon, first then the local field office records are arranged alphabetically by location and by NARA roll number.
  
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments and pensions. These records include letters and endorsements sent and received, account books, applications for rations, applications for relief, court records, labor contracts, registers of bounty claimants, registers of complaints, registers of contracts, registers of disbursements, registers of freedmen issued rations, registers of patients, reports, rosters of officers and employees, special and general orders and circulars received, special orders and circulars issued, records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads. This collection corresponds with NARA microfilm publication M1909, Records of the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872.
+
*[[Freedmen's Bureau Record Types]]         
  
For a list of records by dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//familysearch.org/records/collection/2143119/waypoints Browse].  
+
'''Hospitals''' were established by the Freedmen’s Bureau in Raleigh, Newberne, Beaufort, Roanoke Island, Kinston, Wilmington, Salisbury and Charlotte. Smallpox hospitals were also established in Beaufort, Newberne, Raleigh, Greensboro and Wilmington.
  
== Citation for This Collection ==
+
===To Browse these Collections===
 +
   
 +
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID=CID2143119
 +
|title=North Carolina, Freedmen’s Bureau Field Office Records, 1863-1872}}
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
+
===To Browse this Collection===
  
{{Collection citation | text= "North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1909. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}}  
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID=CID1803698
 +
|title=North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Assistant Commissioner Records, 1862-1870}}
  
[[North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
== Collection Content ==
  
== Record Content  ==
+
For details about the contents of these records, their history, and help using them, see the wiki article: [[United States Freedmen’s Bureau Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
The following important genealogical information is often found in Bureau records:  
+
=== Sample Images ===
 +
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px" caption="North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records">
 +
Image:North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1289) Hospital Record DGS 7497919_180.jpg|Hospital Record
 +
Image:North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1289) Register of Destitute Freemen DGS 7497910_723.jpg|Register of Destitute Freedmen
 +
Image:North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1289) Register of Destitute Freemen Clothing Sales DGS 7497910_718.jpg|Register of Destitute Freedmen Clothing Sales
 +
Image:North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1289) Land Restoration DGS 7497910_575.jpg|Land Restoration
 +
Image:North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1289) Appointment Revocation DGS 7497910_709.jpg|Appointment Revocation
 +
Image:North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1289) Employment and Transportation Contract (page 1) DGS 7497910_985.jpg|Employment and Transportation Contract (page 1)
 +
Image:North Carolina Freedmen's Bureau Index (09-0472) DGS 4567385 43.jpg|Index Freedmen's Bureau Letters
 +
Image:North Carolina Freedmen's Bureau Letter (09-0472) DGS 4567385 351.jpg |Freedmen's Bureau Letter
 +
</gallery>
  
*Name of the freedman
+
[https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/North_Carolina_Freedmen%27s_Bureau_Field_Office_Records_with_Freedmen_and_Refugee_Names '''Records with Freedmen and Refugee Names''']
*Name of the freedman’s former owner
 
*Date of the record
 
*Birthplace
 
*Residence
 
*Age
 
*Bride
 
*Groom
 
*Marriage date
 
*Marriage place
 
  
== How to Use the Records ==
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/freedmens-bureau/highlights.html NARA Select Images from Freedmen's Bureau Records]
  
The Freedmen’s Bureau records are a major source of genealogical information about post Civil War African Americans. To begin your search it is helpful to know the name and some other identifying information such as age, residence or former owner.
+
==What Can this Collection Tell Me?==
  
==== Search the Collection  ====
+
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments and pensions. These records include letters and endorsements sent and received, account books, applications for rations, applications for relief, court records, labor contracts, registers of bounty claimants, registers of complaints, registers of contracts, registers of disbursements, registers of freedmen issued rations, registers of patients, reports, rosters of officers and employees, special and general orders and circulars received, special orders and circulars issued, records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads.
  
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the "_____________" category<br> ⇒Select the "_____________" category<br> ⇒Select the "_____________" category which takes you to the images.
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
+
The Freedmen’s Bureau records are a major source of genealogical information about post Civil War African Americans.
 +
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of your ancestor.
 +
*The approximate age of your ancestor.
 +
*The place where your ancestor lived.
 +
*The name of the former slave owner.  
  
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
+
'''View images in this collection by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/2143119/waypoints Browse Page]:'''<br>To search the collection you will need to follow these steps:<br> ⇒ Select the appropriate “Freedmen's Bureau Office or Subordinate Field Location  "  <br> ⇒ Select the appropriate "NARA Roll Number - Contents " which will take you to the images.  
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.  
 
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 
  
==== Using the Information ====
+
'''View images in this collection by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/2143119/waypoints Browse Page]:'''<br>To search the collection you will need to follow these steps:<br> ⇒ Select the appropriate “Freedmen's Bureau Office or Subordinate Field Location  " <br> ⇒ Select the appropriate "NARA Roll Number - Contents " which will take you to the images.
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details such as a title, an occupation, or land ownership. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors. For example use the place of residence, age, and other information for each person to search for the individuals in census records and other types of records.  
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
+
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2143119 North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1863-1872]. Click on camera icon to see images.}}
  
*The records are a good source to quickly identify a family group and residence.  
+
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1803698 North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Assistant Commissioner Records, 1862-1870]. Click on camera icon to see images.}}
*Former slaves may have had used multiple names or changed their names until they decided upon one particular name. Search all possible names along with variations or spellings of their known names.
 
*If you cannot find your ancestor search the indexes and records of neighboring localities.
 
  
==== General Information About Freedmen's Bureau Records  ====
+
==What Do I Do Next?==
 +
When you have located your ancestor in the Freedmen's Bureau records, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details such as a title, an occupation, or land ownership. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors.
 +
===I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?===
 +
*Use the place of residence, age, and other information for each person to search for the individuals in census records.
 +
*Use the information found to search for the family in church records.
 +
*Use the information found to search for the family in land records.
 +
*Use the information found to search for the family in probate records.
 +
*Use the information found to search for the family in additional state and county records.
  
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was established in the War Department in March of 1865. It was commonly called the Freedman’s Bureau and was responsible for the management and supervision of matters relating to refuges, freedmen, and abandoned lands. The Bureau assisted disenfranchised Americans, primarily African Americans, with temporal, legal and financial matters, with the intent of helping people to become self-sufficient. Matters handled included the distributing of food and clothing; operating temporary medical facilities; acquiring back pay, bounty payments, and pensions; facilitating the creation of schools, including the founding of Howard University; reuniting family members; handling marriages; and providing banking services. Banking services were provided by the establishment of the Freedman’s Saving and Trust Company, or Freedman’s Bank.  
+
=== I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
 +
*Look for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.  
 +
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.  
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
 +
*Former slaves may have had used multiple names or changed their names until they decided upon one particular name. Search all possible names along with variations or spellings of their known names.
  
The Bureau functioned as an agency of the War Department from approximately June 1865 until December 1868. In 1872, the functions of the Bureau were transferred to the Freedmen’s Branch of the Adjutant General’s Office.<br>
+
== General Information About Freedmen's Bureau Records  ==
 
 
The Bureau assisted over one million African Americans, including many of the nearly four million emancipated slaves, which was over 25% of the population of former slaves in America.
 
  
 +
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was established in the War Department in March of 1865. It was commonly called the Freedman’s Bureau and was responsible for the management and supervision of matters relating to refuges, freedmen, and abandoned lands. The Bureau assisted disenfranchised Americans, primarily African Americans, with temporal, legal and financial matters, with the intent of helping people to become self-sufficient. Matters handled included the distributing of food and clothing; operating temporary medical facilities; acquiring back pay, bounty payments, and pensions; facilitating the creation of schools, including the founding of Howard University; reuniting family members; handling marriages; and providing banking services. Banking services were provided by the establishment of the Freedman’s Saving and Trust Company, or Freedman’s Bank. <br><br>
 +
The Bureau functioned as an agency of the War Department from approximately June 1865 until December 1868. In 1872, the functions of the Bureau were transferred to the Freedmen’s Branch of the Adjutant General’s Office.<br> <br>
 +
The Bureau assisted over one million African Americans, including many of the nearly four million emancipated slaves, which was over 25% of the population of former slaves in America. <br><br>
 
The records identify those who sought help from the Bureau at the end of the Civil War. Most supplicants were freed slaves, some of which were military veterans. In addition, a few veterans who were not African Americans also sought help from the Bureau. Freedmen’s Bureau records are usually reliable, because the records were supplied through first-person correspondence or the recording of a marriage.  
 
The records identify those who sought help from the Bureau at the end of the Civil War. Most supplicants were freed slaves, some of which were military veterans. In addition, a few veterans who were not African Americans also sought help from the Bureau. Freedmen’s Bureau records are usually reliable, because the records were supplied through first-person correspondence or the recording of a marriage.  
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
== Citing This Collection ==
 
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/genealogy/index.html National Archives Resources for Genealogists]
 
*[http://www.history.umd.edu/Freedmen/fssppubs.htm Publications of the Freedmen and Southern Society Project]
 
*[http://freedmensbureau.com/ The Freedmen's Bureau Online]. Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands.
 
*[http://www.history.umd.edu/Freedmen/fssppubs.htm Publications of the Freedmen and Southern Society Project]
 
*[http://suffolk.libguides.com/content.php?pid=117960&sid=1828859 Suffolk University]
 
 
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
 
 
*[[United States Freedmen’s Bureau Letters (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States Freedmen’s Bureau Letters (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[African American Freedmen's Bureau Records|African American Freedmen’s Bureau Records]]
 
*[[Quick Guide to African American Records|Quick Guide to African American Records]]
 
*[[African American Research|African American Research]]
 
 
 
== Citing Family Search Historical Collections  ==
 
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1863-1872."Database with Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1909. National Archives and Records Administration. College Park, Maryland.}} <br><br>
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
'''Image Citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1803698
 +
|title=North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1863-1872
 +
}}<br>
  
{{Incomplete Section}}  
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
 +
{{Contributor invite}}
  
“Argentina, Buenos Aires, Catholic Church Records, 1635-1981,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 28 February, 2012), La Plata &gt; San Ponciano &gt; Matrimonios 1884-1886 &gt; image 71 of 389 images, Artemio Avendano and Clementina Peralta, 1884; citing Parroquia de San Ponciano en la Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Matrimonios. San Ponciano, La Plata, Buenos Aires.
+
[[Category:NARA_Freedmen's_Bureau]]

Latest revision as of 20:33, 12 May 2017

United States Gotoarrow.png North Carolina

Access the Records
North Carolina , Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872  and North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Assistant Commissioner Records, 1862-1870.
CID2143119
CID1803698
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
North Carolina, United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Freedmen and Refugees Records
Record Group RG 105: Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands
Collection years 1865-1872
Microfilm Publication M1909. Records of the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872. 78 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 434
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

This collection consists of scanned images of records from National Archives microfilm publication M1909 Records of the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands which is part of Record Group 105 Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands. The images are generally arranged in the order the records were microfilmed with the records of the Assistant Commissioner who oversaw Bureau operations in the state and state level staff officers; Superintendent of Education, Inspector, Chief Quartermaster and Disbursing Officer, Surgeon, first then the local field office records are arranged alphabetically by location and by NARA roll number.

Hospitals were established by the Freedmen’s Bureau in Raleigh, Newberne, Beaufort, Roanoke Island, Kinston, Wilmington, Salisbury and Charlotte. Smallpox hospitals were also established in Beaufort, Newberne, Raleigh, Greensboro and Wilmington.

To Browse these Collections

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for North Carolina, Freedmen’s Bureau Field Office Records, 1863-1872.

To Browse this Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Assistant Commissioner Records, 1862-1870.

Collection Content

For details about the contents of these records, their history, and help using them, see the wiki article: United States Freedmen’s Bureau Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Sample Images

Records with Freedmen and Refugee Names

What Can this Collection Tell Me?

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments and pensions. These records include letters and endorsements sent and received, account books, applications for rations, applications for relief, court records, labor contracts, registers of bounty claimants, registers of complaints, registers of contracts, registers of disbursements, registers of freedmen issued rations, registers of patients, reports, rosters of officers and employees, special and general orders and circulars received, special orders and circulars issued, records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads.

How Do I Search the Collection?

The Freedmen’s Bureau records are a major source of genealogical information about post Civil War African Americans. To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor.
  • The approximate age of your ancestor.
  • The place where your ancestor lived.
  • The name of the former slave owner.

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
To search the collection you will need to follow these steps:
⇒ Select the appropriate “Freedmen's Bureau Office or Subordinate Field Location "
⇒ Select the appropriate "NARA Roll Number - Contents " which will take you to the images.

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
To search the collection you will need to follow these steps:
⇒ Select the appropriate “Freedmen's Bureau Office or Subordinate Field Location "
⇒ Select the appropriate "NARA Roll Number - Contents " which will take you to the images.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor in the Freedmen's Bureau records, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details such as a title, an occupation, or land ownership. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the place of residence, age, and other information for each person to search for the individuals in census records.
  • Use the information found to search for the family in church records.
  • Use the information found to search for the family in land records.
  • Use the information found to search for the family in probate records.
  • Use the information found to search for the family in additional state and county records.

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Look for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  • Former slaves may have had used multiple names or changed their names until they decided upon one particular name. Search all possible names along with variations or spellings of their known names.

General Information About Freedmen's Bureau Records

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was established in the War Department in March of 1865. It was commonly called the Freedman’s Bureau and was responsible for the management and supervision of matters relating to refuges, freedmen, and abandoned lands. The Bureau assisted disenfranchised Americans, primarily African Americans, with temporal, legal and financial matters, with the intent of helping people to become self-sufficient. Matters handled included the distributing of food and clothing; operating temporary medical facilities; acquiring back pay, bounty payments, and pensions; facilitating the creation of schools, including the founding of Howard University; reuniting family members; handling marriages; and providing banking services. Banking services were provided by the establishment of the Freedman’s Saving and Trust Company, or Freedman’s Bank.

The Bureau functioned as an agency of the War Department from approximately June 1865 until December 1868. In 1872, the functions of the Bureau were transferred to the Freedmen’s Branch of the Adjutant General’s Office.

The Bureau assisted over one million African Americans, including many of the nearly four million emancipated slaves, which was over 25% of the population of former slaves in America.

The records identify those who sought help from the Bureau at the end of the Civil War. Most supplicants were freed slaves, some of which were military veterans. In addition, a few veterans who were not African Americans also sought help from the Bureau. Freedmen’s Bureau records are usually reliable, because the records were supplied through first-person correspondence or the recording of a marriage.

Citing This Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1863-1872."Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1909. National Archives and Records Administration. College Park, Maryland.

Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1863-1872.


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