Difference between revisions of "Norway Occupations"

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| Occupations were a measure of social status. Some trades were viewed as more prestigious than others. For example, goldsmiths had more prestige than shoemakers. Many trades, such as butchers, tanners, shoemakers, tailors, and others were organized into guilds, which were in charge of training apprentices and regulating a trade's practice in an area.  
 
| Occupations were a measure of social status. Some trades were viewed as more prestigious than others. For example, goldsmiths had more prestige than shoemakers. Many trades, such as butchers, tanners, shoemakers, tailors, and others were organized into guilds, which were in charge of training apprentices and regulating a trade's practice in an area.  
 
Guilds were usually established in each city. Guild records include lists of members, information on journeymen practicing in the town, marriages of journeymen, and advancements from the rank of apprentice to journeyman and from journeyman to master craftsman. In addition, contracts between masters and parents of apprentices may be included.  
 
Guilds were usually established in each city. Guild records include lists of members, information on journeymen practicing in the town, marriages of journeymen, and advancements from the rank of apprentice to journeyman and from journeyman to master craftsman. In addition, contracts between masters and parents of apprentices may be included.  
  
<br><big>[[Portal:Norway|'''''Norway''''']] </big>''<big>Occupations</big>''  
+
There are records not often used that can be of great help and interest for the researcher, and they are:
 +
 
 +
Borgerskap (citizenship) records&nbsp;in Norway<br>A new idea, that resulted in little used record show up in Oslo during the 1300’s. <br>A man could apply for “borgerskap” in a specific city, and if granted would be given certain rights, as well as certain responsibilities. As a “borger” or citizen he would be able to set up shop in town; as a merchant, skipper, master craftsman with apprentices etc.<br>He would also be expected to pay taxes and accept different city assignments from the government.<br>The word “borgerskap” can have many different meanings. In modern times we talk about having citizenship in a country, or the word can refer to a specific social group in society; “borgerskap” versus the working class or nobility.<br>In earlier years the word “borgerskap” describes the judicial relationship a person had with the city he lived in, (“borgerskap” was not made available to women in earlier times). <br>In the 1600’s it became required that the new “borger” swore allegiance to the King and city, and paid a licensing fee. He was then recorded in the city’s “borgerbok”, and given a “borgerbrev” as a proof that he was a “borger”.<br>The eldest known “borgerbok” today is from mid 1551-1751, and is found in Bergen city. <br>The “borgerbøker” can be very helpful to the genealogist, especially during the time period before the parish registers were kept. <br>Information about a person’s name, birth place, address, and farm name if connected to a farm is given. His particular job is also listed. Used with other genealogical records it can be very helpful to researchers, adding information not usually found in church records.<br>
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
<br><big>[[Norway|'''''Norway''''']] </big>''<big>Occupations</big>''  
  
 
<br>
 
<br>
Line 26: Line 32:
 
*[[Norway Occupations:Tailoring|Tailoring]]
 
*[[Norway Occupations:Tailoring|Tailoring]]
  
{|
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| style="background: #f0f0f0" align="center" | '''Norwegian occupations:'''  
 
| style="background: #f0f0f0" align="center" | '''Norwegian occupations:'''  
Line 36: Line 42:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| A/S
+
| A/S  
 
| Abb. for aksjeselskap or share company
 
| Abb. for aksjeselskap or share company
 
|-
 
|-
| Aar
+
| Aar  
| year see “år”
+
| year
 
|-
 
|-
| Adel
+
| Adel  
 
| nobility
 
| nobility
 
|-
 
|-
| Adelsmann
+
| Adelsmann  
 
| nobleman
 
| nobleman
 
|-
 
|-
| Adjunct
+
| Adjunct  
 
| secondary school teacher
 
| secondary school teacher
 
|-
 
|-
| Advokat
+
| Advokat  
 
| lawyer, solicitor
 
| lawyer, solicitor
 
|-
 
|-
| Agent
+
| Agent  
 
| representative, commercial agent
 
| representative, commercial agent
 
|-
 
|-
| Agronom
+
| Agronom  
 
| graduate of an agricultural college
 
| graduate of an agricultural college
 
|-
 
|-
| Aksjonær
+
| Aksjonær  
 
| shareholder
 
| shareholder
 
|-
 
|-
| Almisse
+
| Almisse  
 
| charity or alms
 
| charity or alms
 
|-
 
|-
| Almisselem
+
| Almisselem  
 
| charity recipient, poor person
 
| charity recipient, poor person
 
|-
 
|-
| Almueskolen
+
| Almueskolen  
 
| public school
 
| public school
 
|-
 
|-
| Amanuens
+
| Amanuens  
 
| assistant
 
| assistant
 
|-
 
|-
| Amme
+
| Amme  
 
| nurse
 
| nurse
 
|-
 
|-
| Amt
+
| Amt  
 
| administrative district / county
 
| administrative district / county
 
|-
 
|-
| Amtmann
+
| Amtmann  
 
| county governor, county administrator
 
| county governor, county administrator
 
|-
 
|-
| Apotek
+
| Apotek  
 
| pharmacy
 
| pharmacy
 
|-
 
|-
| Apoteker
+
| Apoteker  
 
| pharmacist
 
| pharmacist
 
|-
 
|-
| Abr
+
| Abr  
 
| abb. for “arbeider” or laborer
 
| abb. for “arbeider” or laborer
 
|-
 
|-
| Arbeidskarl
+
| Arbeidskarl  
 
| laborer
 
| laborer
 
|-
 
|-
| Artillerist
+
| Artillerist  
 
| soldier
 
| soldier
 
|-
 
|-
| Assessor
+
| Assessor  
 
| assistant judge
 
| assistant judge
 
|-
 
|-
Line 113: Line 119:
 
| Abb. for “bruker” or farmer
 
| Abb. for “bruker” or farmer
 
|-
 
|-
| B.F.
+
| B.F.  
 
| abb. for “barnefader” or the child’s father
 
| abb. for “barnefader” or the child’s father
 
|-
 
|-
| Baadsmand
+
| Baadsmand  
 
| boats man
 
| boats man
 
|-
 
|-
| Bager
+
| Bager  
 
| baker
 
| baker
 
|-
 
|-
| Bager dreng
+
| Bager dreng  
 
| baker apprentice
 
| baker apprentice
 
|-
 
|-
| Bager/baker mester
+
| Bager/baker mester  
 
| master baker
 
| master baker
 
|-
 
|-
| Bagwe/baker svend
+
| Bagwe/baker svend  
 
| baker journeyman
 
| baker journeyman
 
|-
 
|-
| Bager/baker
+
| Bager/baker  
 
| baker
 
| baker
 
|-
 
|-
| Bager/baker lærling
+
| Bager/baker lærling  
 
| baker assistant
 
| baker assistant
 
|-
 
|-
| Baneformann
+
| Baneformann  
 
| foreman at the railroad
 
| foreman at the railroad
 
|-
 
|-
| Banevokter
+
| Banevokter  
 
| length man
 
| length man
 
|-
 
|-
| Bankbogholder
+
| Bankbogholder  
 
| bank accountant
 
| bank accountant
 
|-
 
|-
| Bergarbeider
+
| Bergarbeider  
 
| mine worker
 
| mine worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Bergverksarbeider
+
| Bergverksarbeider  
 
| mine worker
 
| mine worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Bestyrer
+
| Bestyrer  
 
| manager
 
| manager
 
|-
 
|-
| Besøkende
+
| Besøkende  
 
| visitor
 
| visitor
 
|-
 
|-
| Betjent
+
| Betjent  
 
| assistant, servant
 
| assistant, servant
 
|-
 
|-
| Betler
+
| Betler  
 
| beggar
 
| beggar
 
|-
 
|-
| Bibliotekar
+
| Bibliotekar  
 
| librarian
 
| librarian
 
|-
 
|-
| Biskop
+
| Biskop  
 
| bishop
 
| bishop
 
|-
 
|-
| Blikkenslager
+
| Blikkenslager  
 
| tinsmith
 
| tinsmith
 
|-
 
|-
| Bog/bok trykker
+
| Bog/bok trykker  
 
| book printer
 
| book printer
 
|-
 
|-
| Bog/bok binder
+
| Bog/bok binder  
 
| book binder
 
| book binder
 
|-
 
|-
| Bokhandler
+
| Bokhandler  
 
| book seller
 
| book seller
 
|-
 
|-
| Bokholder
+
| Bokholder  
 
| bookkeeper
 
| bookkeeper
 
|-
 
|-
| Bonde
+
| Bonde  
 
| farmer
 
| farmer
 
|-
 
|-
| Borgerkrig soldat
+
| Borgerkrig soldat  
 
| soldier in the civil war
 
| soldier in the civil war
 
|-
 
|-
| Borgemester
+
| Borgemester  
 
| mayor
 
| mayor
 
|-
 
|-
| Brannmann
+
| Brannmann  
 
| fireman
 
| fireman
 
|-
 
|-
| Brennevinsbrenner
+
| Brennevinsbrenner  
 
| distiller of spirits
 
| distiller of spirits
 
|-
 
|-
| Brendevins handler
+
| Brendevins handler  
 
| liquor dealer
 
| liquor dealer
 
|-
 
|-
| Bruger/bruker
+
| Bruger/bruker  
 
| farmer/ user of a farm
 
| farmer/ user of a farm
 
|-
 
|-
| Brygge arbeider
+
| Brygge arbeider  
 
| dock worker
 
| dock worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Brygger
+
| Brygger  
 
| brewer
 
| brewer
 
|-
 
|-
| Bryggeri arbeider
+
| Bryggeri arbeider  
 
| brewery worker
 
| brewery worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Budeie
+
| Budeie  
 
| milkmaid
 
| milkmaid
 
|-
 
|-
| Bundtmager/maker
+
| Bundtmager/maker  
 
| furrier
 
| furrier
 
|-
 
|-
| Bureiser
+
| Bureiser  
 
| settler
 
| settler
 
|-
 
|-
| Butikk dame
+
| Butikk dame  
 
| sales woman in a store
 
| sales woman in a store
 
|-
 
|-
| Butikk sjef
+
| Butikk sjef  
 
| store manager
 
| store manager
 
|-
 
|-
| Bygde folk
+
| Bygde folk  
 
| country people, villagers
 
| country people, villagers
 
|-
 
|-
| Byggmester
+
| Byggmester  
 
| master builder, contractor
 
| master builder, contractor
 
|-
 
|-
| Bygnings arbeider
+
| Bygnings arbeider  
 
| construction worker
 
| construction worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Bygsel mann
+
| Bygsel mann  
 
| leaseholder
 
| leaseholder
 
|-
 
|-
| Bødkemester
+
| Bødkemester  
 
| master cooper, barrel maker
 
| master cooper, barrel maker
 
|-
 
|-
| Bønder
+
| Bøksel mand
 +
| lease holder
 +
|-
 +
| Bønder  
 
| farmers
 
| farmers
 
|-
 
|-
| Bøksel mand
+
| Børsemager/maker
| lease holder
+
| gunsmith
 
|-
 
|-
| Båd/båtbygger
+
| Båd/båtbygger  
 
| ship builder
 
| ship builder
 
|-
 
|-
Line 262: Line 271:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Cammerrrad
+
| Cammerrrad  
 
| chamber councilor
 
| chamber councilor
 
|-
 
|-
| Cancelliraad
+
| Cancelliraad  
 
| same as above
 
| same as above
 
|-
 
|-
| Cand. Juris
+
| Cand. Juris  
 
| Bachelor of Laws
 
| Bachelor of Laws
 
|-
 
|-
| Cautionister
+
| Cautionister  
 
| witnesses, sponsors
 
| witnesses, sponsors
 
|-
 
|-
| Contorist
+
| Contorist  
 
| secretary, office worker
 
| secretary, office worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Copist
+
| Copist  
 
| transcriber
 
| transcriber
 
|-
 
|-
Line 288: Line 297:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Dagsarbeider
+
| Dagsarbeider  
 
| day laborer
 
| day laborer
 
|-
 
|-
| Danne kvinde
+
| Danne kvinde  
 
| gentlewoman
 
| gentlewoman
 
|-
 
|-
| Dannemann
+
| Dannemann  
 
| gentleman
 
| gentleman
 
|-
 
|-
| Degn
+
| Degn  
 
| pariah clerk
 
| pariah clerk
 
|-
 
|-
| Diakon
+
| Diakon  
 
| deacon, male nurse
 
| deacon, male nurse
 
|-
 
|-
| Dosent
+
| Dosent  
 
| associate professor
 
| associate professor
 
|-
 
|-
| Dommer
+
| Dommer  
 
| judge
 
| judge
 
|-
 
|-
| Domprost
+
| Domprost  
 
| cathedral dean
 
| cathedral dean
 
|-
 
|-
| Dragon
+
| Dragon  
 
| light cavalryman
 
| light cavalryman
 
|-
 
|-
| Dreng
+
| Dreng  
 
| boy, farm hand
 
| boy, farm hand
 
|-
 
|-
| Dug/duk mager/maker
+
| Dug/duk mager/maker  
 
| sail maker
 
| sail maker
 
|-
 
|-
| Dyrlege
+
| Dyrlege  
 
| veterinarian
 
| veterinarian
 
|-
 
|-
Line 332: Line 341:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Enroullert
+
| Enroullert  
 
| enrolled
 
| enrolled
 
|-
 
|-
| Eier
+
| Eier  
 
| owner
 
| owner
 
|-
 
|-
| Ekspeditør
+
| Ekspeditør  
 
| shopkeeper
 
| shopkeeper
 
|-
 
|-
| Elektriker
+
| Elektriker  
 
| electrician
 
| electrician
 
|-
 
|-
| Embedsmand
+
| Embedsmand  
 
| civil servant
 
| civil servant
 
|-
 
|-
| Emigrant
+
| Emigrant  
 
| emigrant
 
| emigrant
 
|-
 
|-
| Emissær
+
| Emissær  
 
| travelling lay preacher
 
| travelling lay preacher
 
|-
 
|-
Line 356: Line 365:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| F
+
|  
 +
=== F ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Faarehyrde
+
| Faarehyrde  
 
| shepherd
 
| shepherd
 
|-
 
|-
| Fabrikk arbeider
+
| Fabrikk arbeider  
 
| factory worker
 
| factory worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Farger
+
| Farger  
 
| dyer
 
| dyer
 
|-
 
|-
| Fattig folk
+
| Fattig folk  
 
| poor folk
 
| poor folk
 
|-
 
|-
| Fattiglem
+
| Fattiglem  
 
| pauper
 
| pauper
 
|-
 
|-
| Fehandler
+
| Fehandler  
 
| person in the cattle business
 
| person in the cattle business
 
|-
 
|-
| Felemaker
+
| Felemaker  
 
| fiddle maker
 
| fiddle maker
 
|-
 
|-
| Felespiller
+
| Felespiller  
 
| fiddle player
 
| fiddle player
 
|-
 
|-
| Fell maker
+
| Fell maker  
 
| rug maker
 
| rug maker
 
|-
 
|-
| Fenrik
+
| Fenrik  
 
| ensign, second lieutenant
 
| ensign, second lieutenant
 
|-
 
|-
| Fergemann
+
| Fergemann  
 
| ferryman
 
| ferryman
 
|-
 
|-
| Fisker
+
| Fisker  
 
| fisherman
 
| fisherman
 
|-
 
|-
| Fiskehandler
+
| Fiskehandler  
 
| fish merchant
 
| fish merchant
 
|-
 
|-
| Fjøsstell
+
| Fjøsstell  
 
| dairy management
 
| dairy management
 
|-
 
|-
| Flaademand
+
| Flaademand  
 
| log driver
 
| log driver
 
|-
 
|-
| Flaadmand
+
| Flaadmand  
 
| ferry man
 
| ferry man
 
|-
 
|-
| Flødnings arbeider
+
| Flødnings arbeider  
 
| log floating worker
 
| log floating worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Fmd.
+
| Fmd.  
 
| “føderaadsmand” or pensioner
 
| “føderaadsmand” or pensioner
 
|-
 
|-
| Fogd
+
| Fogd  
 
| bailiff, sheriff
 
| bailiff, sheriff
 
|-
 
|-
| Forbryter
+
| Forbryter  
 
| criminal
 
| criminal
 
|-
 
|-
| Forettningsmand
+
| Forettningsmand  
 
| businessman
 
| businessman
 
|-
 
|-
| Forfatter
+
| Forfatter  
 
| writer, author
 
| writer, author
 
|-
 
|-
| Forhen.
+
| Forhen.  
 
| previous
 
| previous
 
|-
 
|-
| Forhenværende
+
| Forhenværende  
 
| previous
 
| previous
 
|-
 
|-
| Forlover
+
| Forlover  
 
| best man, sponsor
 
| best man, sponsor
 
|-
 
|-
| Forlovede
+
| Forlovede  
 
| fiancé
 
| fiancé
 
|-
 
|-
| Forløftningsmænd
+
| Forløftningsmænd  
 
| guarantors
 
| guarantors
 
|-
 
|-
| Forman
+
| Forman  
 
| foreman, supervisor
 
| foreman, supervisor
 
|-
 
|-
| Formynder
+
| Formynder  
 
| guardian
 
| guardian
 
|-
 
|-
| Forpakter
+
| Forpakter  
 
| leaseholder
 
| leaseholder
 
|-
 
|-
| Forvalter
+
| Forvalter  
 
| manager
 
| manager
 
|-
 
|-
| Fotograf
+
| Fotograf  
 
| photographer
 
| photographer
 
|-
 
|-
| Fraktmand
+
| Fraktmand  
 
| cargo handler, transporter
 
| cargo handler, transporter
 
|-
 
|-
| Frisør dame
+
| Frisør dame  
 
| hairdresser
 
| hairdresser
 
|-
 
|-
| Fullmektig
+
| Fullmektig  
 
| head clerk, agent
 
| head clerk, agent
 
|-
 
|-
| Fylkesmand
+
| Fylkesmand  
 
| county governor
 
| county governor
 
|-
 
|-
| Fylkesrådmand
+
| Fylkesrådmand  
 
| county commissioner
 
| county commissioner
 
|-
 
|-
| Fyrbøter
+
| Fyrbøter  
 
| stoker, lighthouse keeper
 
| stoker, lighthouse keeper
 
|-
 
|-
| Fyrmester
+
| Fyrmester  
 
| lighthouse boss
 
| lighthouse boss
 
|-
 
|-
| Færdesmand
+
| Færdesmand  
 
| traveler
 
| traveler
 
|-
 
|-
| Føderaad
+
| Føderaad  
 
| pensioner
 
| pensioner
 
|-
 
|-
| Føderaadsmand, føderaadskone
+
| Føderaadsmand, føderaadskone  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Førnemde
+
| Førnemde  
 
| the former, previously mentioned
 
| the former, previously mentioned
 
|-
 
|-
| Fører
+
| Fører  
 
| pilot, guide, operator
 
| pilot, guide, operator
 
|-
 
|-
| Fårehyrde
+
| Fårehyrde  
 
| shepherd
 
| shepherd
 
|-
 
|-
Line 497: Line 508:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| G
+
|  
 +
=== G ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Grdbr., selveier
+
| Grdbr., selveier  
 
| farmer, owner
 
| farmer, owner
 
|-
 
|-
| Gaar i dagleie
+
| Gaar i dagleie  
 
| working as a daylaborer
 
| working as a daylaborer
 
|-
 
|-
| Gaar paa skole
+
| Gaar paa skole  
 
| in school
 
| in school
 
|-
 
|-
| Gaardbruger/bruker
+
| Gaardbruger/bruker  
 
| farmer
 
| farmer
 
|-
 
|-
| Gaard far
+
| Gaard far  
 
| head of household
 
| head of household
 
|-
 
|-
| Gardsfolk
+
| Gardsfolk  
 
| farmers
 
| farmers
 
|-
 
|-
| Gartner
+
| Gartner  
 
| gardener
 
| gardener
 
|-
 
|-
| Garver
+
| Garver  
 
| tanner
 
| tanner
 
|-
 
|-
| Garver svend
+
| Garver svend  
 
| tanner apprentice
 
| tanner apprentice
 
|-
 
|-
| General løyntnant
+
| General løyntnant  
 
| lieutenant general
 
| lieutenant general
 
|-
 
|-
| Gevorben
+
| Gevorben  
 
| enlisted
 
| enlisted
 
|-
 
|-
| Gjestgiver
+
| Gjestgiver  
 
| innkeeper
 
| innkeeper
 
|-
 
|-
| Gjeter
+
| Gjeter  
 
| shepherd
 
| shepherd
 
|-
 
|-
| Gjetergutt
+
| Gjetergutt  
 
| shepherd boy
 
| shepherd boy
 
|-
 
|-
| Gjørtler
+
| Gjørtler  
 
| brazier, brass smith
 
| brazier, brass smith
 
|-
 
|-
Line 548: Line 561:
 
| estate owner
 
| estate owner
 
|-
 
|-
| Guldsmed
+
| Guldsmed  
 
| Goldsmith
 
| Goldsmith
 
|-
 
|-
| Graver
+
| Graver  
 
| sexton, grave digger
 
| sexton, grave digger
 
|-
 
|-
| Grenader
+
| Grenader  
 
| grenadier, infantryman
 
| grenadier, infantryman
 
|-
 
|-
| Grenselos
+
| Grenselos  
 
| border pilot
 
| border pilot
 
|-
 
|-
| Grossist
+
| Grossist  
 
| wholesaler
 
| wholesaler
 
|-
 
|-
| Grovsmed
+
| Grovsmed  
 
| blacksmith
 
| blacksmith
 
|-
 
|-
| Grube arbeider
+
| Grube arbeider  
 
| miner
 
| miner
 
|-
 
|-
| Grunnlegger
+
| Grunnlegger  
 
| founder
 
| founder
 
|-
 
|-
| Gråsten arbeider
+
| Gråsten arbeider  
 
| stonecutter
 
| stonecutter
 
|-
 
|-
| Gårdsarbeider
+
| Gårdsarbeider  
 
| farmer, field hand
 
| farmer, field hand
 
|-
 
|-
| Gårdsbestyrer
+
| Gårdsbestyrer  
 
| farm manager
 
| farm manager
 
|-
 
|-
| Gårdsfolk
+
| Gårdsfolk  
 
| farm people, owners or tenants
 
| farm people, owners or tenants
 
|-
 
|-
| Gårds gutt
+
| Gårds gutt  
 
| farm boy
 
| farm boy
 
|-
 
|-
| Gårdsbruker
+
| Gårdsbruker  
 
| farmer
 
| farmer
 
|-
 
|-
| Gårdmann
+
| Gårdmann  
 
| farm owner
 
| farm owner
 
|-
 
|-
Line 596: Line 609:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| H  
+
|  
 +
=== H ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Haandværker
+
| Haandværker  
 
| tradesman
 
| tradesman
 
|-
 
|-
| Hammersmed
+
| Hammersmed  
 
| hammer smith
 
| hammer smith
 
|-
 
|-
| Handelsbestyrer
+
| Handelsbestyrer  
 
| shop manager
 
| shop manager
 
|-
 
|-
| Handelsbetjent
+
| Handelsbetjent  
 
| salesman, shop assistant
 
| salesman, shop assistant
 
|-
 
|-
| Handelsfuldmægtig
+
| Handelsfuldmægtig  
 
| business agent
 
| business agent
 
|-
 
|-
| Handelsmand
+
| Handelsmand  
 
| merchant, trader
 
| merchant, trader
 
|-
 
|-
| Hanskemaker
+
| Hanskemaker  
 
| glove maker
 
| glove maker
 
|-
 
|-
| Hattemaker
+
| Hattemaker  
 
| hat maker
 
| hat maker
 
|-
 
|-
| Heradsskriver
+
| Heradsskriver  
 
| district taxation registrar
 
| district taxation registrar
 
|-
 
|-
| Hjelpepleier
+
| Hjelpepleier  
 
| enrolled nurse
 
| enrolled nurse
 
|-
 
|-
| Hjulmaker
+
| Hjulmaker  
 
| wheelwright
 
| wheelwright
 
|-
 
|-
| Husbestyrinde
+
| Husbestyrinde  
 
| housekeeper
 
| housekeeper
 
|-
 
|-
| Huseier
+
| Huseier  
 
| homeowner
 
| homeowner
 
|-
 
|-
| Hushjelp
+
| Hushjelp  
 
| housemaid
 
| housemaid
 
|-
 
|-
| Husholderske
+
| Husholderske  
 
| housekeeper
 
| housekeeper
 
|-
 
|-
| Husmand
+
| Husmand  
 
| cottager, tenant farmer, crofter
 
| cottager, tenant farmer, crofter
 
|-
 
|-
| Husmand med jord
+
| Husmand med jord  
 
| cottager who rented a small plot of land
 
| cottager who rented a small plot of land
 
|-
 
|-
| Husfader
+
| Husfader  
 
| head of household
 
| head of household
 
|-
 
|-
| Husmoder
+
| Husmoder  
 
| house wife
 
| house wife
 
|-
 
|-
| Høker
+
| Høker  
 
| small grocer/ shopkeeper, huckster
 
| small grocer/ shopkeeper, huckster
 
|-
 
|-
| Høvedsmand
+
| Høvedsmand  
 
| fishing boat master, shack master
 
| fishing boat master, shack master
 
|-
 
|-
| Håndlanger
+
| Håndlanger  
 
| assistant, hodman
 
| assistant, hodman
 
|-
 
|-
| Håndverker
+
| Håndverker  
 
| tradesman
 
| tradesman
 
|-
 
|-
| Håndsverksvend
+
| Håndsverksvend  
 
| journeyman
 
| journeyman
 
|-
 
|-
Line 674: Line 689:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| I
+
|  
 +
=== I ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Inderst
+
| Inderst  
 
| renter, lodger on a farm
 
| renter, lodger on a farm
 
|-
 
|-
| Indehaver
+
| Indehaver  
 
| owner
 
| owner
 
|-
 
|-
| Indsitter
+
| Indsitter  
 
| renter, lodger
 
| renter, lodger
 
|-
 
|-
| Ingeniør
+
| Ingeniør  
 
| engineer
 
| engineer
 
|-
 
|-
| Innvandrer
+
| Innvandrer  
 
| immigrant
 
| immigrant
 
|-
 
|-
| Isskjauer
+
| Isskjauer  
 
| dockhand
 
| dockhand
 
|-
 
|-
| Isskjærer
+
| Isskjærer  
 
| ice cutter
 
| ice cutter
 
|-
 
|-
Line 701: Line 718:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| J
+
|  
 +
=== J ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Jaegere
+
| Jaegere  
 
| elite troops of the army
 
| elite troops of the army
 
|-
 
|-
| Jeger
+
| Jeger  
 
| hunter, trapper
 
| hunter, trapper
 
|-
 
|-
| Jeger
+
| Jeger  
 
| light infantry soldier
 
| light infantry soldier
 
|-
 
|-
| Jernbane arbeider
+
| Jernbane arbeider  
 
| railroad worker
 
| railroad worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Jernbane fuldmektig
+
| Jernbane fuldmektig  
 
| managing clerk at the railroad
 
| managing clerk at the railroad
 
|-
 
|-
| Jernverks arbeider
+
| Jernverks arbeider  
 
| mine worker
 
| mine worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Jord arbeider
+
| Jord arbeider  
 
| farm worker, field worker
 
| farm worker, field worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Jordbruker
+
| Jordbruker  
 
| farmer
 
| farmer
 
|-
 
|-
| Jordbruksarbeider
+
| Jordbruksarbeider  
 
| farm hand, farm worker
 
| farm hand, farm worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Jordeier
+
| Jordeier  
 
| landowner, landed proprietor
 
| landowner, landed proprietor
 
|-
 
|-
| Jordløs husmand
+
| Jordløs husmand  
 
| cottager without land
 
| cottager without land
 
|-
 
|-
| Jordmor
+
| Jordmor  
 
| midwife
 
| midwife
 
|-
 
|-
| Jordrotten
+
| Jordrotten  
 
| landowner
 
| landowner
 
|-
 
|-
| Journalist
+
| Journalist  
 
| journalist
 
| journalist
 
|-
 
|-
| Jungmand
+
| Jungmand  
 
| ordinary seaman
 
| ordinary seaman
 
|-
 
|-
Line 755: Line 774:
 
| justice, administration of justice
 
| justice, administration of justice
 
|-
 
|-
| Jæger
+
| Jæger  
 
| hunter
 
| hunter
 
|-
 
|-
| Jætergut
+
| Jætergut  
 
| shepherd boy
 
| shepherd boy
 
|-
 
|-
| Jøkel
+
| Jøkel  
 
| glacier
 
| glacier
 
|-
 
|-
Line 767: Line 786:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| K
+
|  
 +
=== K ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Kaarmand
+
| Kaarmand  
 
| retired man living on his own farm with accommodations and support
 
| retired man living on his own farm with accommodations and support
 
|-
 
|-
| Kadet
+
| Kadet  
 
| cadet (army)
 
| cadet (army)
 
|-
 
|-
| Kapelan
+
| Kapelan  
 
| curate, cleric who assists the priest, deacon
 
| curate, cleric who assists the priest, deacon
 
|-
 
|-
| Kaptein
+
| Kaptein  
 
| captain
 
| captain
 
|-
 
|-
| Karetmaker
+
| Karetmaker  
 
| coach builder
 
| coach builder
 
|-
 
|-
| Kasserer
+
| Kasserer  
 
| treasurer
 
| treasurer
 
|-
 
|-
| Kaveringsmand
+
| Kaveringsmand  
 
| best man
 
| best man
 
|-
 
|-
| Kemner
+
| Kemner  
 
| town treasurer
 
| town treasurer
 
|-
 
|-
| Kgl. Fuldmægtig
+
| Kgl. Fuldmægtig  
 
| royal attorney
 
| royal attorney
 
|-
 
|-
| Kongelig fuldmægtig
+
| Kongelig fuldmægtig  
 
| royal attorney
 
| royal attorney
 
|-
 
|-
| Kirkesanger
+
| Kirkesanger  
 
| church singer
 
| church singer
 
|-
 
|-
| Kirkeverge
+
| Kirkeverge  
 
| church warden
 
| church warden
 
|-
 
|-
| Kirurg
+
| Kirurg  
 
| surgeon
 
| surgeon
 
|-
 
|-
| Kjelearbeider
+
| Kjelearbeider  
 
| boiler worker
 
| boiler worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Kjæreste
+
| Kjæreste  
 
| lover, sweetheart, friend
 
| lover, sweetheart, friend
 
|-
 
|-
| Kjøpmand
+
| Kjøpmand  
 
| merchant
 
| merchant
 
|-
 
|-
| Kjørekarl
+
| Kjørekarl  
 
| driver of a horse
 
| driver of a horse
 
|-
 
|-
| Klokker
+
| Klokker  
 
| bell ringer, parish clerk, sexton
 
| bell ringer, parish clerk, sexton
 
|-
 
|-
| Kommune arbeider
+
| Kommune arbeider  
 
| local government worker
 
| local government worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Konditor
+
| Konditor  
 
| confectioner
 
| confectioner
 
|-
 
|-
| Konduktør
+
| Konduktør  
 
| railway conductor
 
| railway conductor
 
|-
 
|-
| Konsulent
+
| Konsulent  
 
| consultant
 
| consultant
 
|-
 
|-
| Kontor betjent
+
| Kontor betjent  
 
| office clerk
 
| office clerk
 
|-
 
|-
| Kontorfuldmægtig
+
| Kontorfuldmægtig  
 
| head clerk
 
| head clerk
 
|-
 
|-
| Kontormand
+
| Kontormand  
 
| office clerk
 
| office clerk
 
|-
 
|-
| Kontrollør
+
| Kontrollør  
 
| inspector, supervisor
 
| inspector, supervisor
 
|-
 
|-
| Kranfører
+
| Kranfører  
 
| crane operator
 
| crane operator
 
|-
 
|-
| Krigsfange
+
| Krigsfange  
 
| prisoner of war
 
| prisoner of war
 
|-
 
|-
| Krigsminister
+
| Krigsminister  
 
| minister of war
 
| minister of war
 
|-
 
|-
| Kræmmer
+
| Kræmmer  
 
| shopkeeper
 
| shopkeeper
 
|-
 
|-
| Krøpling
+
| Krøpling  
 
| cripple
 
| cripple
 
|-
 
|-
| Kuldbrenner
+
| Kuldbrenner  
 
| charcoal burner
 
| charcoal burner
 
|-
 
|-
| Kuldhugger
+
| Kuldhugger  
 
| coal miner
 
| coal miner
 
|-
 
|-
| Kuldhandler
+
| Kuldhandler  
 
| coal dealer
 
| coal dealer
 
|-
 
|-
| Kurvmaker
+
| Kurvmaker  
 
| basket maker
 
| basket maker
 
|-
 
|-
| Kusk
+
| Kusk  
 
| coachman, teamster
 
| coachman, teamster
 
|-
 
|-
| Kvartermester
+
| Kvartermester  
 
| chief petty officer
 
| chief petty officer
 
|-
 
|-
| Kystvakt
+
| Kystvakt  
 
| coastguard
 
| coastguard
 
|-
 
|-
| Kæmner
+
| Kæmner  
 
| town treasurer
 
| town treasurer
 
|-
 
|-
| Kårfolk
+
| Kårfolk  
 
| retired, elderly couple living on their farm and receiving support
 
| retired, elderly couple living on their farm and receiving support
 
|-
 
|-
Line 893: Line 914:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| L  
+
|  
 +
=== L ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Lagerarbeider
+
| Lagerarbeider  
 
| warehouse laborer
 
| warehouse laborer
 
|-
 
|-
| Lagrettsmand
+
| Lagrettsmand  
 
| court member
 
| court member
 
|-
 
|-
| Landhandler
+
| Landhandler  
 
| rural store owner
 
| rural store owner
 
|-
 
|-
| Landsfogd
+
| Landsfogd  
 
| county police commissioner
 
| county police commissioner
 
|-
 
|-
| Lasaron
+
| Lasaron  
 
| tramp, bum
 
| tramp, bum
 
|-
 
|-
| Laugverge
+
| Laugverge  
 
| widow’s guardian
 
| widow’s guardian
 
|-
 
|-
| Legdekjerring
+
| Legdekjerring  
 
| woman on welfare
 
| woman on welfare
 
|-
 
|-
| Legdekall
+
| Legdekall  
 
| man on welfare
 
| man on welfare
 
|-
 
|-
| Legdslem
+
| Legdslem  
 
| welfare recipient
 
| welfare recipient
 
|-
 
|-
| Leieboer
+
| Leieboer  
 
| tenant
 
| tenant
 
|-
 
|-
| Leilending
+
| Leilending  
 
| leaseholder, tenant farmer
 
| leaseholder, tenant farmer
 
|-
 
|-
| Lekmand
+
| Lekmand  
 
| lay preacher
 
| lay preacher
 
|-
 
|-
| Lensmand
+
| Lensmand  
 
| sheriff
 
| sheriff
 
|-
 
|-
| Likrøver
+
| Likrøver  
 
| grave robber
 
| grave robber
 
|-
 
|-
| Livsarving
+
| Livsarving  
 
| heir, issue
 
| heir, issue
 
|-
 
|-
| Livsfange
+
| Livsfange  
 
| life prisoner
 
| life prisoner
 
|-
 
|-
| Logerende
+
| Logerende  
 
| lodger
 
| lodger
 
|-
 
|-
| Losoldermand
+
| Losoldermand  
 
| pilot master (ship)
 
| pilot master (ship)
 
|-
 
|-
| Lutbrukar
+
| Lutbrukar  
 
| using a part of a farm
 
| using a part of a farm
 
|-
 
|-
| Læregutt
+
| Læregutt  
 
| apprentice
 
| apprentice
 
|-
 
|-
| Lærer
+
| Lærer  
 
| teacher
 
| teacher
 
|-
 
|-
| Lærerinde
+
| Lærerinde  
 
| female teacher
 
| female teacher
 
|-
 
|-
| Lærling
+
| Lærling  
 
| apprentice, assistant
 
| apprentice, assistant
 
|-
 
|-
| Løitnant
+
| Løitnant  
 
| lieutenant
 
| lieutenant
 
|-
 
|-
| Løsarbeider
+
| Løsarbeider  
 
| day laborer
 
| day laborer
 
|-
 
|-
| Løskarl
+
| Løskarl  
 
| free hand, takes any job that comes along
 
| free hand, takes any job that comes along
 
|-
 
|-
| Låsesmed
+
| Låsesmed  
 
| locksmith
 
| locksmith
 
|-
 
|-
Line 980: Line 1,003:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| M
+
|  
 +
=== M ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Magistrate
+
| Magistrate  
 
| town administrator, magistrate
 
| town administrator, magistrate
 
|-
 
|-
| Major
+
| Major  
 
| major, squadron leader
 
| major, squadron leader
 
|-
 
|-
| Maler
+
| Maler  
 
| painter
 
| painter
 
|-
 
|-
| Malersvend
+
| Malersvend  
 
| painter apprentice
 
| painter apprentice
 
|-
 
|-
| Malmlaster
+
| Malmlaster  
 
| ore loader
 
| ore loader
 
|-
 
|-
| Mandskap
+
| Mandskap  
 
| crew
 
| crew
 
|-
 
|-
| Marine
+
| Marine  
 
| navy
 
| navy
 
|-
 
|-
| Maskinist
+
| Maskinist  
 
| engineer
 
| engineer
 
|-
 
|-
| Masovn arbeider
+
| Masovn arbeider  
 
| blast furnace worker
 
| blast furnace worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Matros
+
| Matros  
 
| sailor
 
| sailor
 
|-
 
|-
| Medeier
+
| Medeier  
 
| part owner
 
| part owner
 
|-
 
|-
| Medhjelper
+
| Medhjelper  
 
| assistant, helper
 
| assistant, helper
 
|-
 
|-
| Megler
+
| Megler  
 
| mediator, negotiator
 
| mediator, negotiator
 
|-
 
|-
| Mekaniker
+
| Mekaniker  
 
| mechanic
 
| mechanic
 
|-
 
|-
| Menig
+
| Menig  
 
| soldier with rank of private
 
| soldier with rank of private
 
|-
 
|-
| Messing smed
+
| Messing smed  
 
| brazier, brass smith
 
| brazier, brass smith
 
|-
 
|-
| Mester
+
| Mester  
 
| master of a trade
 
| master of a trade
 
|-
 
|-
| Mestermand
+
| Mestermand  
 
| executioner
 
| executioner
 
|-
 
|-
Line 1,040: Line 1,065:
 
| military
 
| military
 
|-
 
|-
| Mine arbeider
+
| Mine arbeider  
 
| mine worker
 
| mine worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Minister
+
| Minister  
 
| priest
 
| priest
 
|-
 
|-
| Misjonær
+
| Misjonær  
 
| missionary
 
| missionary
 
|-
 
|-
| Montør
+
| Montør  
 
| fitter
 
| fitter
 
|-
 
|-
| Murarbeider
+
| Murarbeider  
 
| brick layer
 
| brick layer
 
|-
 
|-
| Murer
+
| Murer  
 
| brick layer
 
| brick layer
 
|-
 
|-
| Musiker
+
| Musiker  
 
| musician
 
| musician
 
|-
 
|-
| Mægler
+
| Mægler  
 
| mediator, negotiator
 
| mediator, negotiator
 
|-
 
|-
| Møbel snekker
+
| Møbel snekker  
 
| furniture maker/carpenter
 
| furniture maker/carpenter
 
|-
 
|-
| Møller
+
| Møller  
 
| miller
 
| miller
 
|-
 
|-
| Møllearbeider
+
| Møllearbeider  
 
| worker at a mill
 
| worker at a mill
 
|-
 
|-
Line 1,076: Line 1,101:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| N
+
|  
 +
=== N ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Nabo
+
| Nabo  
 
| neighbor
 
| neighbor
 
|-
 
|-
| Nyder almisse
+
| Nyder almisse  
 
| receives charity
 
| receives charity
 
|-
 
|-
| Nyder vildkaar
+
| Nyder vildkaar  
 
| person receiving pension paid by new owner of the farm
 
| person receiving pension paid by new owner of the farm
 
|-
 
|-
| O
+
|  
 +
=== O ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Odelsberettiget
+
| Odelsberettiget  
 
| freehold right
 
| freehold right
 
|-
 
|-
| Odelsbonde
+
| Odelsbonde  
 
| freeholder, allodialist
 
| freeholder, allodialist
 
|-
 
|-
| Odelsgutt
+
| Odelsgutt  
 
| oldest son with right to inherit the farm
 
| oldest son with right to inherit the farm
 
|-
 
|-
| Odelsjente
+
| Odelsjente  
 
| oldest daughter with inheritance right
 
| oldest daughter with inheritance right
 
|-
 
|-
| Ombudsmand
+
| Ombudsmand  
 
| trade-union representative
 
| trade-union representative
 
|-
 
|-
| Omflakkende handelsmand
+
| Omflakkende handelsmand  
 
| traveling salesman
 
| traveling salesman
 
|-
 
|-
| Omgangs skolelærer
+
| Omgangs skolelærer  
 
| circuit teacher
 
| circuit teacher
 
|-
 
|-
| Omreisende handelskarl
+
| Omreisende handelskarl  
 
| traveling salesman
 
| traveling salesman
 
|-
 
|-
| Omvandrende
+
| Omvandrende  
 
| persons moving from place to place
 
| persons moving from place to place
 
|-
 
|-
| Oppsitter
+
| Oppsitter  
 
| leaseholder, tenant farmer, occupant
 
| leaseholder, tenant farmer, occupant
 
|-
 
|-
| Oppsynsmand
+
| Oppsynsmand  
 
| supervisor, inspector, warden
 
| supervisor, inspector, warden
 
|-
 
|-
| Optiker
+
| Optiker  
 
| optician
 
| optician
 
|-
 
|-
| Ordfører
+
| Ordfører  
 
| mayor
 
| mayor
 
|-
 
|-
Line 1,133: Line 1,162:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| P
+
|  
 +
=== P ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Pakkhus arbeider
+
| Pakkhus arbeider  
 
| ware house worker
 
| ware house worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Parykk maker
+
| Parykk maker  
 
| wig maker
 
| wig maker
 
|-
 
|-
| Pastor
+
| Pastor  
 
| vicar, minister
 
| vicar, minister
 
|-
 
|-
| Pensjonær
+
| Pensjonær  
 
| boarder
 
| boarder
 
|-
 
|-
| Pensionist
+
| Pensionist  
 
| retired person
 
| retired person
 
|-
 
|-
| Permitert
+
| Permitert  
 
| be on leave
 
| be on leave
 
|-
 
|-
| Pige/Pike
+
| Pige/Pike  
 
| girl, maid, unmarried female
 
| girl, maid, unmarried female
 
|-
 
|-
| Plate arbeider
+
| Plate arbeider  
 
| sheet metal worker
 
| sheet metal worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Pleieassistant
+
| Pleieassistant  
 
| nursing assistant
 
| nursing assistant
 
|-
 
|-
| Politiker
+
| Politiker  
 
| politician
 
| politician
 
|-
 
|-
| Postbud
+
| Postbud  
 
| postman, mail carrier
 
| postman, mail carrier
 
|-
 
|-
| Pottemaker
+
| Pottemaker  
 
| potter
 
| potter
 
|-
 
|-
| Praest
+
| Praest  
 
| priest
 
| priest
 
|-
 
|-
| Preses
+
| Preses  
 
| president, chairman
 
| president, chairman
 
|-
 
|-
| Privat lærer
+
| Privat lærer  
 
| private teacher
 
| private teacher
 
|-
 
|-
| Prost/provst
+
| Prost/provst  
 
| senior rector, dean
 
| senior rector, dean
 
|-
 
|-
| Pølsemaker
+
| Pølsemaker  
 
| sausage maker
 
| sausage maker
 
|-
 
|-
Line 1,190: Line 1,221:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Q
+
|  
 +
=== Q ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Quinde
+
| Quinde  
 
| female person
 
| female person
 
|-
 
|-
| Quindemenneske
+
| Quindemenneske  
 
| female person
 
| female person
 
|-
 
|-
Line 1,202: Line 1,235:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| R
+
|  
 +
=== R ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Radiorelegrafist
+
| Radiorelegrafist  
 
| radio operator
 
| radio operator
 
|-
 
|-
| Redactør
+
| Redactør  
 
| chief editor
 
| chief editor
 
|-
 
|-
| Rector
+
| Rector  
 
| head teacher
 
| head teacher
 
|-
 
|-
| Reparatør
+
| Reparatør  
 
| repairman, mender
 
| repairman, mender
 
|-
 
|-
| Representant
+
| Representant  
 
| representative
 
| representative
 
|-
 
|-
| Repslager
+
| Repslager  
 
| ropemaker
 
| ropemaker
 
|-
 
|-
| Revisor
+
| Revisor  
 
| auditor
 
| auditor
 
|-
 
|-
| Ridder
+
| Ridder  
 
| knight
 
| knight
 
|-
 
|-
| Ritmester
+
| Ritmester  
 
| cavalry captain
 
| cavalry captain
 
|-
 
|-
| Roarskarl
+
| Roarskarl  
 
| oarsman
 
| oarsman
 
|-
 
|-
| Rydningsmand
+
| Rydningsmand  
 
| pioneer, original clearer of land
 
| pioneer, original clearer of land
 
|-
 
|-
| Rytter
+
| Rytter  
 
| cavalryman
 
| cavalryman
 
|-
 
|-
| Rørlegger
+
| Rørlegger  
 
| plummer
 
| plummer
 
|-
 
|-
| Rådmand
+
| Rådmand  
 
| councilman
 
| councilman
 
|-
 
|-
Line 1,250: Line 1,285:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| S
+
|  
 +
=== S ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Sadelmagerlærling
+
| Sadelmagerlærling  
 
| saddle maker’s apprentice
 
| saddle maker’s apprentice
 
|-
 
|-
| Sagarbeider
+
| Sagarbeider  
 
| miller
 
| miller
 
|-
 
|-
| Sagbruksarbeider
+
| Sagbruksarbeider  
 
| sawmills worker
 
| sawmills worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Sagmester
+
| Sagmester  
 
| master saw miller
 
| master saw miller
 
|-
 
|-
| Sakfører
+
| Sakfører  
 
| attorney
 
| attorney
 
|-
 
|-
| Salmaker
+
| Salmaker  
 
| saddle maker
 
| saddle maker
 
|-
 
|-
| Seildukmaker
+
| Seildukmaker  
 
| canvas maker
 
| canvas maker
 
|-
 
|-
| Seilmaker
+
| Seilmaker  
 
| sail maker
 
| sail maker
 
|-
 
|-
| Sekretær
+
| Sekretær  
 
| secretary
 
| secretary
 
|-
 
|-
| Selveier
+
| Selveier  
 
| owner, freeholder
 
| owner, freeholder
 
|-
 
|-
| Sersjant
+
| Sersjant  
 
| sergeant
 
| sergeant
 
|-
 
|-
| Sildearbeider
+
| Sildearbeider  
 
| herring processing
 
| herring processing
 
|-
 
|-
| Sjauer
+
| Sjauer  
 
| dockhand, long shore man
 
| dockhand, long shore man
 
|-
 
|-
| Sjef
+
| Sjef  
 
| chief, manager
 
| chief, manager
 
|-
 
|-
| Sjøfarende
+
| Sjøfarende  
 
| seafaring, sailor
 
| seafaring, sailor
 
|-
 
|-
| Sjøfolk
+
| Sjøfolk  
 
| seaman
 
| seaman
 
|-
 
|-
| Sjøkadett
+
| Sjøkadett  
 
| naval cadet
 
| naval cadet
 
|-
 
|-
| Sjøkaptein
+
| Sjøkaptein  
 
| captain on a vessel
 
| captain on a vessel
 
|-
 
|-
| Sjåfør
+
| Sjåfør  
 
| chauffer, driver
 
| chauffer, driver
 
|-
 
|-
| Skarpretter
+
| Skarpretter  
 
| hangman, executioner
 
| hangman, executioner
 
|-
 
|-
| Skarpskytter
+
| Skarpskytter  
 
| sharpshooter
 
| sharpshooter
 
|-
 
|-
| Skattefut
+
| Skattefut  
 
| tax collector
 
| tax collector
 
|-
 
|-
| Skipsfører
+
| Skipsfører  
 
| ship’s captain
 
| ship’s captain
 
|-
 
|-
| Skieløber
+
| Skieløber  
 
| skier, infantry soldier on skies
 
| skier, infantry soldier on skies
 
|-
 
|-
| Skifterettsdommer
+
| Skifterettsdommer  
 
| probate judge
 
| probate judge
 
|-
 
|-
| Skipper
+
| Skipper  
 
| skipper
 
| skipper
 
|-
 
|-
| Skipsbygger
+
| Skipsbygger  
 
| shipbuilder
 
| shipbuilder
 
|-
 
|-
| Skipstømmermand
+
| Skipstømmermand  
 
| carpenter onboard a ship, carpenter building ship
 
| carpenter onboard a ship, carpenter building ship
 
|-
 
|-
| Skoemager
+
| Skoemager  
 
| shoemaker
 
| shoemaker
 
|-
 
|-
| Skogsarbeider
+
| Skogsarbeider  
 
| lumberjack, logger, forest worker
 
| lumberjack, logger, forest worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Skogfut
+
| Skogfut  
 
| forest bailiff
 
| forest bailiff
 
|-
 
|-
| Skogridder
+
| Skogridder  
 
| forest manager
 
| forest manager
 
|-
 
|-
| Skogvokter
+
| Skogvokter  
 
| forester
 
| forester
 
|-
 
|-
| Skoleholder
+
| Skoleholder  
 
| schoolmaster, teacher
 
| schoolmaster, teacher
 
|-
 
|-
| Skolemester
+
| Skolemester  
 
| schoolmaster
 
| schoolmaster
 
|-
 
|-
| Skomager
+
| Skomager  
 
| shoemaker
 
| shoemaker
 
|-
 
|-
| Skomagerdreng
+
| Skomagerdreng  
 
| shoemaker apprentice
 
| shoemaker apprentice
 
|-
 
|-
| Skomagersvend
+
| Skomagersvend  
 
| shoemaker journeyman
 
| shoemaker journeyman
 
|-
 
|-
| Skrabhandler
+
| Skrabhandler  
 
| scrap dealer
 
| scrap dealer
 
|-
 
|-
| Skraeder
+
| Skraeder  
 
| tailor
 
| tailor
 
|-
 
|-
| Skreppekar
+
| Skreppekar  
 
| peddler
 
| peddler
 
|-
 
|-
| Skriver
+
| Skriver  
 
| writer, scribe
 
| writer, scribe
 
|-
 
|-
| Skrædder
+
| Skrædder  
 
| tailor
 
| tailor
 
|-
 
|-
| Skræddermester
+
| Skræddermester  
 
| master tailor
 
| master tailor
 
|-
 
|-
| Skurekone
+
| Skurekone  
 
| cleaning lady
 
| cleaning lady
 
|-
 
|-
| Slagter
+
| Slagter  
 
| butcher
 
| butcher
 
|-
 
|-
| Slakter
+
| Slakter  
 
| butcher
 
| butcher
 
|-
 
|-
| Smedlærling
+
| Smedlærling  
 
| blacksmith apprentice
 
| blacksmith apprentice
 
|-
 
|-
| Smedmester
+
| Smedmester  
 
| master blacksmith
 
| master blacksmith
 
|-
 
|-
| Småbruker
+
| Småbruker  
 
| a farmer of a small farm
 
| a farmer of a small farm
 
|-
 
|-
| Snedker
+
| Snedker  
 
| carpenter
 
| carpenter
 
|-
 
|-
| Sogneprest
+
| Sogneprest  
 
| parish priest
 
| parish priest
 
|-
 
|-
| Soldat
+
| Soldat  
 
| soldier, usually an infantryman
 
| soldier, usually an infantryman
 
|-
 
|-
| Sorenskriver
+
| Sorenskriver  
 
| magistrate, probate judge
 
| magistrate, probate judge
 
|-
 
|-
| Spillemand
+
| Spillemand  
 
| fiddler, musician
 
| fiddler, musician
 
|-
 
|-
| Spinderi arbeider
+
| Spinderi arbeider  
 
| spinning mill worker
 
| spinning mill worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Spinderske
+
| Spinderske  
 
| female spinner
 
| female spinner
 
|-
 
|-
| Staldkarl
+
| Staldkarl  
 
| stall groom
 
| stall groom
 
|-
 
|-
| Stamfar
+
| Stamfar  
 
| progenitor
 
| progenitor
 
|-
 
|-
| Stasjonsmester
+
| Stasjonsmester  
 
| station master at the railroad
 
| station master at the railroad
 
|-
 
|-
| Statsminister
+
| Statsminister  
 
| prime minister
 
| prime minister
 
|-
 
|-
| Stattholder
+
| Stattholder  
 
| governor, vice regent
 
| governor, vice regent
 
|-
 
|-
| Sten arbeider
+
| Sten arbeider  
 
| stone worker
 
| stone worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Stenhugger
+
| Stenhugger  
 
| stone cutter
 
| stone cutter
 
|-
 
|-
| Straffange
+
| Straffange  
 
| prisoner
 
| prisoner
 
|-
 
|-
| Strandsitjar
+
| Strandsitjar  
 
| person renting a cottage near or at the coastline
 
| person renting a cottage near or at the coastline
 
|-
 
|-
| Strandsitter
+
| Strandsitter  
| ditto
+
| person renting a cottage near or at the coastline
 
|-
 
|-
| Strikkerske
+
| Strikkerske  
 
| knitter
 
| knitter
 
|-
 
|-
| Strygerske
+
| Strygerske  
 
| ironer, laundry maid
 
| ironer, laundry maid
 
|-
 
|-
| Stubbebryter
+
| Stubbebryter  
 
| stump puller
 
| stump puller
 
|-
 
|-
| Student
+
| Student  
 
| student
 
| student
 
|-
 
|-
| Stuepige
+
| Stuepige  
 
| chambermaid
 
| chambermaid
 
|-
 
|-
| Stuert
+
| Stuert  
 
| steward
 
| steward
 
|-
 
|-
| Styrer
+
| Styrer  
 
| ruler, director
 
| ruler, director
 
|-
 
|-
| Styrmand
+
| Styrmand  
 
| ships mate
 
| ships mate
 
|-
 
|-
| Støber/støper
+
| Støber/støper  
 
| foundry worker
 
| foundry worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Svend/svenn
+
| Svend/svenn  
 
| journeyman
 
| journeyman
 
|-
 
|-
| Svensk
+
| Svensk  
 
| Swedish
 
| Swedish
 
|-
 
|-
| Sygepleierske
+
| Sygepleierske  
 
| nurse
 
| nurse
 
|-
 
|-
| Sykepleier
+
| Sykepleier  
 
| nurse
 
| nurse
 
|-
 
|-
| Sypige/sypike
+
| Sypige/sypike  
 
| seamstress
 
| seamstress
 
|-
 
|-
| Søfarende
+
| Søfarende  
 
| sailor
 
| sailor
 
|-
 
|-
| Sølvverksarbeider
+
| Sølvverksarbeider  
 
| silver smelter worker
 
| silver smelter worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Sømand
+
| Sømand  
| ditto
+
| seaman
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| T
+
|  
 +
=== T ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Tambur
+
| Tambur  
 
| drummer (soldier)
 
| drummer (soldier)
 
|-
 
|-
| Tannlege
+
| Tannlege  
 
| dentist
 
| dentist
 
|-
 
|-
| Tegelbrænder
+
| Tegelbrænder  
 
| brick/tile burner
 
| brick/tile burner
 
|-
 
|-
| Tekstil arbeider
+
| Tekstil arbeider  
 
| textile worker
 
| textile worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Telegrafist
+
| Telegrafist  
 
| telegraph operator
 
| telegraph operator
 
|-
 
|-
| Tiener
+
| Tiener  
 
| servant
 
| servant
 
|-
 
|-
| Tieneste dreng
+
| Tieneste dreng  
 
| servant boy, farm hand
 
| servant boy, farm hand
 
|-
 
|-
| Tieneste pige
+
| Tieneste pige  
 
| servant girl
 
| servant girl
 
|-
 
|-
| Tigger
+
| Tigger  
 
| beggar
 
| beggar
 
|-
 
|-
| Tilsynsmand
+
| Tilsynsmand  
 
| supervisor
 
| supervisor
 
|-
 
|-
| Timmermand
+
| Timmermand  
 
| lumberman
 
| lumberman
 
|-
 
|-
| Tjener
+
| Tjener  
 
| servant, farm hand
 
| servant, farm hand
 
|-
 
|-
| Tjeneste dreng
+
| Tjeneste dreng  
 
| servant boy, farm hand
 
| servant boy, farm hand
 
|-
 
|-
| Tjeneste folk
+
| Tjeneste folk  
 
| servants, domestic or hired hands
 
| servants, domestic or hired hands
 
|-
 
|-
| Tjeneste gutt
+
| Tjeneste gutt  
 
| servant boy, farm hand
 
| servant boy, farm hand
 
|-
 
|-
| Tjeneste karl
+
| Tjeneste karl  
 
| male employee
 
| male employee
 
|-
 
|-
| Tjeneste kone
+
| Tjeneste kone  
 
| female servant
 
| female servant
 
|-
 
|-
| Tjeneste jente
+
| Tjeneste jente  
 
| servant girl
 
| servant girl
 
|-
 
|-
| Tjeneste pige
+
| Tjeneste pige  
| ditto
+
| servant girl
 
|-
 
|-
| Tjeneste quinde
+
| Tjeneste quinde  
 
| female servant
 
| female servant
 
|-
 
|-
| Tollbetjent
+
| Tollbetjent  
 
| costums officer
 
| costums officer
 
|-
 
|-
| Tomte arbeider
+
| Tomte arbeider  
 
| working at a building site
 
| working at a building site
 
|-
 
|-
| Trædreier
+
| Trædreier  
 
| wood turner
 
| wood turner
 
|-
 
|-
| Træsliper
+
| Træsliper  
 
| worker at a pulp mill
 
| worker at a pulp mill
 
|-
 
|-
| Tuskhandel
+
| Tuskhandel  
 
| barter
 
| barter
 
|-
 
|-
| Tvangsfange
+
| Tvangsfange  
 
| prisoner at hard labor
 
| prisoner at hard labor
 
|-
 
|-
| Typograf
+
| Typograf  
 
| typographer
 
| typographer
 
|-
 
|-
| Tyskertøs
+
| Tyskertøs  
 
| German tart
 
| German tart
 
|-
 
|-
| Tyv
+
| Tyv  
 
| thief
 
| thief
 
|-
 
|-
| Tømmer arbeider
+
| Tømmer arbeider  
 
| lumber jack, lumber man
 
| lumber jack, lumber man
 
|-
 
|-
| Tømmerflaader
+
| Tømmerflaader  
 
| log driver (down the river)
 
| log driver (down the river)
 
|-
 
|-
| Tømmerfløter
+
| Tømmerfløter  
| ditto
+
| log driver (down the river)
 
|-
 
|-
| Tømmerhugger
+
| Tømmerhugger  
 
| logger
 
| logger
 
|-
 
|-
| Tømmerfut
+
| Tømmerfut  
 
| saw mill owner
 
| saw mill owner
 
|-
 
|-
Line 1,616: Line 1,655:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| U
+
|  
 +
=== U ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Ufør
+
| Ufør  
 
| crippled
 
| crippled
 
|-
 
|-
| Uhrmager/urmaker
+
| Uhrmager/urmaker  
 
| watchmaker
 
| watchmaker
 
|-
 
|-
| Underskrevne
+
| Underskrevne  
 
| the undersigned
 
| the undersigned
 
|-
 
|-
| Ungkarl
+
| Ungkarl  
 
| bachelor
 
| bachelor
 
|-
 
|-
| Utkommandert
+
| Utkommandert  
 
| called, mobilized
 
| called, mobilized
 
|-
 
|-
| Utvandrer
+
| Utvandrer  
 
| emigrant
 
| emigrant
 
|-
 
|-
| Utyske
+
| Utyske  
 
| monster
 
| monster
 
|-
 
|-
Line 1,643: Line 1,684:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| V
+
|  
 +
=== V ===
 +
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Vaegter
+
| Vaegter  
 
| public watcher
 
| public watcher
 
|-
 
|-
| Vanfør
+
| Vanfør  
 
| crippled, disabled
 
| crippled, disabled
 
|-
 
|-
| Vanskapt
+
| Vanskapt  
 
| deformed, handicapped
 
| deformed, handicapped
 
|-
 
|-
| Vaskekone
+
| Vaskekone  
 
| cleaning woman
 
| cleaning woman
 
|-
 
|-
| Vegarbeider
+
| Vegarbeider  
 
| road worker
 
| road worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Veiarbeider
+
| Veiarbeider  
| ditto
+
| road worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Vejarbeider
+
| Vejarbeider  
| ditto
+
| road worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Vekter
+
| Vekter  
 
| public watchman
 
| public watchman
 
|-
 
|-
| Verge
+
| Verge  
 
| guardian
 
| guardian
 
|-
 
|-
| Verksarbeider
+
| Verksarbeider  
 
| factory worker
 
| factory worker
 
|-
 
|-
| Verkseier
+
| Verkseier  
 
| factory owner
 
| factory owner
 
|-
 
|-
| Veterinær
+
| Veterinær  
 
| veterinarian
 
| veterinarian
 
|-
 
|-
| Vever
+
| Vever  
 
| weaver
 
| weaver
 
|-
 
|-
| Veveriarbeider
+
| Veveriarbeider  
 
| worker in a weaving factory
 
| worker in a weaving factory
 
|-
 
|-
| Vesjemaker
+
| Vesjemaker  
 
| weave spool maker
 
| weave spool maker
 
|-
 
|-
| Vikar
+
| Vikar  
 
| substitute
 
| substitute
 
|-
 
|-
| Visegutt
+
| Visegutt  
 
| errand boy
 
| errand boy
 
|-
 
|-
| Vitne
+
| Vitne  
 
| witness
 
| witness
 
|-
 
|-
| Vognmaker
+
| Vognmaker  
 
| wagon maker
 
| wagon maker
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
Return to [[Norway|Norway Page]]
 +
 +
[[Category:Norway]]

Revision as of 03:42, 7 October 2011

Occupations were a measure of social status. Some trades were viewed as more prestigious than others. For example, goldsmiths had more prestige than shoemakers. Many trades, such as butchers, tanners, shoemakers, tailors, and others were organized into guilds, which were in charge of training apprentices and regulating a trade's practice in an area.

Guilds were usually established in each city. Guild records include lists of members, information on journeymen practicing in the town, marriages of journeymen, and advancements from the rank of apprentice to journeyman and from journeyman to master craftsman. In addition, contracts between masters and parents of apprentices may be included.

There are records not often used that can be of great help and interest for the researcher, and they are:

Borgerskap (citizenship) records in Norway
A new idea, that resulted in little used record show up in Oslo during the 1300’s.
A man could apply for “borgerskap” in a specific city, and if granted would be given certain rights, as well as certain responsibilities. As a “borger” or citizen he would be able to set up shop in town; as a merchant, skipper, master craftsman with apprentices etc.
He would also be expected to pay taxes and accept different city assignments from the government.
The word “borgerskap” can have many different meanings. In modern times we talk about having citizenship in a country, or the word can refer to a specific social group in society; “borgerskap” versus the working class or nobility.
In earlier years the word “borgerskap” describes the judicial relationship a person had with the city he lived in, (“borgerskap” was not made available to women in earlier times).
In the 1600’s it became required that the new “borger” swore allegiance to the King and city, and paid a licensing fee. He was then recorded in the city’s “borgerbok”, and given a “borgerbrev” as a proof that he was a “borger”.
The eldest known “borgerbok” today is from mid 1551-1751, and is found in Bergen city.
The “borgerbøker” can be very helpful to the genealogist, especially during the time period before the parish registers were kept.
Information about a person’s name, birth place, address, and farm name if connected to a farm is given. His particular job is also listed. Used with other genealogical records it can be very helpful to researchers, adding information not usually found in church records.



Norway Occupations


Norwegian occupations: '

A

A/S Abb. for aksjeselskap or share company
Aar year
Adel nobility
Adelsmann nobleman
Adjunct secondary school teacher
Advokat lawyer, solicitor
Agent representative, commercial agent
Agronom graduate of an agricultural college
Aksjonær shareholder
Almisse charity or alms
Almisselem charity recipient, poor person
Almueskolen public school
Amanuens assistant
Amme nurse
Amt administrative district / county
Amtmann county governor, county administrator
Apotek pharmacy
Apoteker pharmacist
Abr abb. for “arbeider” or laborer
Arbeidskarl laborer
Artillerist soldier
Assessor assistant judge

B

Br. Abb. for “bruker” or farmer
B.F. abb. for “barnefader” or the child’s father
Baadsmand boats man
Bager baker
Bager dreng baker apprentice
Bager/baker mester master baker
Bagwe/baker svend baker journeyman
Bager/baker baker
Bager/baker lærling baker assistant
Baneformann foreman at the railroad
Banevokter length man
Bankbogholder bank accountant
Bergarbeider mine worker
Bergverksarbeider mine worker
Bestyrer manager
Besøkende visitor
Betjent assistant, servant
Betler beggar
Bibliotekar librarian
Biskop bishop
Blikkenslager tinsmith
Bog/bok trykker book printer
Bog/bok binder book binder
Bokhandler book seller
Bokholder bookkeeper
Bonde farmer
Borgerkrig soldat soldier in the civil war
Borgemester mayor
Brannmann fireman
Brennevinsbrenner distiller of spirits
Brendevins handler liquor dealer
Bruger/bruker farmer/ user of a farm
Brygge arbeider dock worker
Brygger brewer
Bryggeri arbeider brewery worker
Budeie milkmaid
Bundtmager/maker furrier
Bureiser settler
Butikk dame sales woman in a store
Butikk sjef store manager
Bygde folk country people, villagers
Byggmester master builder, contractor
Bygnings arbeider construction worker
Bygsel mann leaseholder
Bødkemester master cooper, barrel maker
Bøksel mand lease holder
Bønder farmers
Børsemager/maker gunsmith
Båd/båtbygger ship builder

C

Cammerrrad chamber councilor
Cancelliraad same as above
Cand. Juris Bachelor of Laws
Cautionister witnesses, sponsors
Contorist secretary, office worker
Copist transcriber

D

Dagsarbeider day laborer
Danne kvinde gentlewoman
Dannemann gentleman
Degn pariah clerk
Diakon deacon, male nurse
Dosent associate professor
Dommer judge
Domprost cathedral dean
Dragon light cavalryman
Dreng boy, farm hand
Dug/duk mager/maker sail maker
Dyrlege veterinarian

E

Enroullert enrolled
Eier owner
Ekspeditør shopkeeper
Elektriker electrician
Embedsmand civil servant
Emigrant emigrant
Emissær travelling lay preacher

F

Faarehyrde shepherd
Fabrikk arbeider factory worker
Farger dyer
Fattig folk poor folk
Fattiglem pauper
Fehandler person in the cattle business
Felemaker fiddle maker
Felespiller fiddle player
Fell maker rug maker
Fenrik ensign, second lieutenant
Fergemann ferryman
Fisker fisherman
Fiskehandler fish merchant
Fjøsstell dairy management
Flaademand log driver
Flaadmand ferry man
Flødnings arbeider log floating worker
Fmd. “føderaadsmand” or pensioner
Fogd bailiff, sheriff
Forbryter criminal
Forettningsmand businessman
Forfatter writer, author
Forhen. previous
Forhenværende previous
Forlover best man, sponsor
Forlovede fiancé
Forløftningsmænd guarantors
Forman foreman, supervisor
Formynder guardian
Forpakter leaseholder
Forvalter manager
Fotograf photographer
Fraktmand cargo handler, transporter
Frisør dame hairdresser
Fullmektig head clerk, agent
Fylkesmand county governor
Fylkesrådmand county commissioner
Fyrbøter stoker, lighthouse keeper
Fyrmester lighthouse boss
Færdesmand traveler
Føderaad pensioner
Føderaadsmand, føderaadskone
Førnemde the former, previously mentioned
Fører pilot, guide, operator
Fårehyrde shepherd

G

Grdbr., selveier farmer, owner
Gaar i dagleie working as a daylaborer
Gaar paa skole in school
Gaardbruger/bruker farmer
Gaard far head of household
Gardsfolk farmers
Gartner gardener
Garver tanner
Garver svend tanner apprentice
General løyntnant lieutenant general
Gevorben enlisted
Gjestgiver innkeeper
Gjeter shepherd
Gjetergutt shepherd boy
Gjørtler brazier, brass smith
Godseier estate owner
Guldsmed Goldsmith
Graver sexton, grave digger
Grenader grenadier, infantryman
Grenselos border pilot
Grossist wholesaler
Grovsmed blacksmith
Grube arbeider miner
Grunnlegger founder
Gråsten arbeider stonecutter
Gårdsarbeider farmer, field hand
Gårdsbestyrer farm manager
Gårdsfolk farm people, owners or tenants
Gårds gutt farm boy
Gårdsbruker farmer
Gårdmann farm owner

H

Haandværker tradesman
Hammersmed hammer smith
Handelsbestyrer shop manager
Handelsbetjent salesman, shop assistant
Handelsfuldmægtig business agent
Handelsmand merchant, trader
Hanskemaker glove maker
Hattemaker hat maker
Heradsskriver district taxation registrar
Hjelpepleier enrolled nurse
Hjulmaker wheelwright
Husbestyrinde housekeeper
Huseier homeowner
Hushjelp housemaid
Husholderske housekeeper
Husmand cottager, tenant farmer, crofter
Husmand med jord cottager who rented a small plot of land
Husfader head of household
Husmoder house wife
Høker small grocer/ shopkeeper, huckster
Høvedsmand fishing boat master, shack master
Håndlanger assistant, hodman
Håndverker tradesman
Håndsverksvend journeyman

I

Inderst renter, lodger on a farm
Indehaver owner
Indsitter renter, lodger
Ingeniør engineer
Innvandrer immigrant
Isskjauer dockhand
Isskjærer ice cutter

J

Jaegere elite troops of the army
Jeger hunter, trapper
Jeger light infantry soldier
Jernbane arbeider railroad worker
Jernbane fuldmektig managing clerk at the railroad
Jernverks arbeider mine worker
Jord arbeider farm worker, field worker
Jordbruker farmer
Jordbruksarbeider farm hand, farm worker
Jordeier landowner, landed proprietor
Jordløs husmand cottager without land
Jordmor midwife
Jordrotten landowner
Journalist journalist
Jungmand ordinary seaman
Jurist lawyer
Justis justice, administration of justice
Jæger hunter
Jætergut shepherd boy
Jøkel glacier

K

Kaarmand retired man living on his own farm with accommodations and support
Kadet cadet (army)
Kapelan curate, cleric who assists the priest, deacon
Kaptein captain
Karetmaker coach builder
Kasserer treasurer
Kaveringsmand best man
Kemner town treasurer
Kgl. Fuldmægtig royal attorney
Kongelig fuldmægtig royal attorney
Kirkesanger church singer
Kirkeverge church warden
Kirurg surgeon
Kjelearbeider boiler worker
Kjæreste lover, sweetheart, friend
Kjøpmand merchant
Kjørekarl driver of a horse
Klokker bell ringer, parish clerk, sexton
Kommune arbeider local government worker
Konditor confectioner
Konduktør railway conductor
Konsulent consultant
Kontor betjent office clerk
Kontorfuldmægtig head clerk
Kontormand office clerk
Kontrollør inspector, supervisor
Kranfører crane operator
Krigsfange prisoner of war
Krigsminister minister of war
Kræmmer shopkeeper
Krøpling cripple
Kuldbrenner charcoal burner
Kuldhugger coal miner
Kuldhandler coal dealer
Kurvmaker basket maker
Kusk coachman, teamster
Kvartermester chief petty officer
Kystvakt coastguard
Kæmner town treasurer
Kårfolk retired, elderly couple living on their farm and receiving support

L

Lagerarbeider warehouse laborer
Lagrettsmand court member
Landhandler rural store owner
Landsfogd county police commissioner
Lasaron tramp, bum
Laugverge widow’s guardian
Legdekjerring woman on welfare
Legdekall man on welfare
Legdslem welfare recipient
Leieboer tenant
Leilending leaseholder, tenant farmer
Lekmand lay preacher
Lensmand sheriff
Likrøver grave robber
Livsarving heir, issue
Livsfange life prisoner
Logerende lodger
Losoldermand pilot master (ship)
Lutbrukar using a part of a farm
Læregutt apprentice
Lærer teacher
Lærerinde female teacher
Lærling apprentice, assistant
Løitnant lieutenant
Løsarbeider day laborer
Løskarl free hand, takes any job that comes along
Låsesmed locksmith

M

Magistrate town administrator, magistrate
Major major, squadron leader
Maler painter
Malersvend painter apprentice
Malmlaster ore loader
Mandskap crew
Marine navy
Maskinist engineer
Masovn arbeider blast furnace worker
Matros sailor
Medeier part owner
Medhjelper assistant, helper
Megler mediator, negotiator
Mekaniker mechanic
Menig soldier with rank of private
Messing smed brazier, brass smith
Mester master of a trade
Mestermand executioner
Militær military
Mine arbeider mine worker
Minister priest
Misjonær missionary
Montør fitter
Murarbeider brick layer
Murer brick layer
Musiker musician
Mægler mediator, negotiator
Møbel snekker furniture maker/carpenter
Møller miller
Møllearbeider worker at a mill

N

Nabo neighbor
Nyder almisse receives charity
Nyder vildkaar person receiving pension paid by new owner of the farm

O

Odelsberettiget freehold right
Odelsbonde freeholder, allodialist
Odelsgutt oldest son with right to inherit the farm
Odelsjente oldest daughter with inheritance right
Ombudsmand trade-union representative
Omflakkende handelsmand traveling salesman
Omgangs skolelærer circuit teacher
Omreisende handelskarl traveling salesman
Omvandrende persons moving from place to place
Oppsitter leaseholder, tenant farmer, occupant
Oppsynsmand supervisor, inspector, warden
Optiker optician
Ordfører mayor

P

Pakkhus arbeider ware house worker
Parykk maker wig maker
Pastor vicar, minister
Pensjonær boarder
Pensionist retired person
Permitert be on leave
Pige/Pike girl, maid, unmarried female
Plate arbeider sheet metal worker
Pleieassistant nursing assistant
Politiker politician
Postbud postman, mail carrier
Pottemaker potter
Praest priest
Preses president, chairman
Privat lærer private teacher
Prost/provst senior rector, dean
Pølsemaker sausage maker

Q

Quinde female person
Quindemenneske female person

R

Radiorelegrafist radio operator
Redactør chief editor
Rector head teacher
Reparatør repairman, mender
Representant representative
Repslager ropemaker
Revisor auditor
Ridder knight
Ritmester cavalry captain
Roarskarl oarsman
Rydningsmand pioneer, original clearer of land
Rytter cavalryman
Rørlegger plummer
Rådmand councilman

S

Sadelmagerlærling saddle maker’s apprentice
Sagarbeider miller
Sagbruksarbeider sawmills worker
Sagmester master saw miller
Sakfører attorney
Salmaker saddle maker
Seildukmaker canvas maker
Seilmaker sail maker
Sekretær secretary
Selveier owner, freeholder
Sersjant sergeant
Sildearbeider herring processing
Sjauer dockhand, long shore man
Sjef chief, manager
Sjøfarende seafaring, sailor
Sjøfolk seaman
Sjøkadett naval cadet
Sjøkaptein captain on a vessel
Sjåfør chauffer, driver
Skarpretter hangman, executioner
Skarpskytter sharpshooter
Skattefut tax collector
Skipsfører ship’s captain
Skieløber skier, infantry soldier on skies
Skifterettsdommer probate judge
Skipper skipper
Skipsbygger shipbuilder
Skipstømmermand carpenter onboard a ship, carpenter building ship
Skoemager shoemaker
Skogsarbeider lumberjack, logger, forest worker
Skogfut forest bailiff
Skogridder forest manager
Skogvokter forester
Skoleholder schoolmaster, teacher
Skolemester schoolmaster
Skomager shoemaker
Skomagerdreng shoemaker apprentice
Skomagersvend shoemaker journeyman
Skrabhandler scrap dealer
Skraeder tailor
Skreppekar peddler
Skriver writer, scribe
Skrædder tailor
Skræddermester master tailor
Skurekone cleaning lady
Slagter butcher
Slakter butcher
Smedlærling blacksmith apprentice
Smedmester master blacksmith
Småbruker a farmer of a small farm
Snedker carpenter
Sogneprest parish priest
Soldat soldier, usually an infantryman
Sorenskriver magistrate, probate judge
Spillemand fiddler, musician
Spinderi arbeider spinning mill worker
Spinderske female spinner
Staldkarl stall groom
Stamfar progenitor
Stasjonsmester station master at the railroad
Statsminister prime minister
Stattholder governor, vice regent
Sten arbeider stone worker
Stenhugger stone cutter
Straffange prisoner
Strandsitjar person renting a cottage near or at the coastline
Strandsitter person renting a cottage near or at the coastline
Strikkerske knitter
Strygerske ironer, laundry maid
Stubbebryter stump puller
Student student
Stuepige chambermaid
Stuert steward
Styrer ruler, director
Styrmand ships mate
Støber/støper foundry worker
Svend/svenn journeyman
Svensk Swedish
Sygepleierske nurse
Sykepleier nurse
Sypige/sypike seamstress
Søfarende sailor
Sølvverksarbeider silver smelter worker
Sømand seaman

T

Tambur drummer (soldier)
Tannlege dentist
Tegelbrænder brick/tile burner
Tekstil arbeider textile worker
Telegrafist telegraph operator
Tiener servant
Tieneste dreng servant boy, farm hand
Tieneste pige servant girl
Tigger beggar
Tilsynsmand supervisor
Timmermand lumberman
Tjener servant, farm hand
Tjeneste dreng servant boy, farm hand
Tjeneste folk servants, domestic or hired hands
Tjeneste gutt servant boy, farm hand
Tjeneste karl male employee
Tjeneste kone female servant
Tjeneste jente servant girl
Tjeneste pige servant girl
Tjeneste quinde female servant
Tollbetjent costums officer
Tomte arbeider working at a building site
Trædreier wood turner
Træsliper worker at a pulp mill
Tuskhandel barter
Tvangsfange prisoner at hard labor
Typograf typographer
Tyskertøs German tart
Tyv thief
Tømmer arbeider lumber jack, lumber man
Tømmerflaader log driver (down the river)
Tømmerfløter log driver (down the river)
Tømmerhugger logger
Tømmerfut saw mill owner

U

Ufør crippled
Uhrmager/urmaker watchmaker
Underskrevne the undersigned
Ungkarl bachelor
Utkommandert called, mobilized
Utvandrer emigrant
Utyske monster

V

Vaegter public watcher
Vanfør crippled, disabled
Vanskapt deformed, handicapped
Vaskekone cleaning woman
Vegarbeider road worker
Veiarbeider road worker
Vejarbeider road worker
Vekter public watchman
Verge guardian
Verksarbeider factory worker
Verkseier factory owner
Veterinær veterinarian
Vever weaver
Veveriarbeider worker in a weaving factory
Vesjemaker weave spool maker
Vikar substitute
Visegutt errand boy
Vitne witness
Vognmaker wagon maker

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