Oconee County, South Carolina Genealogy
|Oconee County, South Carolina|
Location in the state of South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the U.S.
|Founded||January 29, 1868|
- 1 Quick Dates
- 2 County Courthouse
- 3 History
- 4 Places/Localities
- 5 Resources
- 5.1 Research Guides
- 5.2 African Americans
- 5.3 Cemeteries
- 5.4 Census
- 5.5 Church
- 5.6 Court
- 5.7 DNA
- 5.8 Genealogy
- 5.9 Land
- 5.10 Local Histories
- 5.11 Maps
- 5.12 Migration
- 5.13 Military
- 5.14 Native American
- 5.15 Newspapers
- 5.16 Periodicals
- 5.17 Probate
- 5.18 Taxation
- 5.19 Vital Records
- 6 Archives, Libraries, and Museums
- 7 Societies
- 8 Societies
- 9 Family History Centers
- 10 Web Sites
- 11 References
Oconee County's civil records start the following years:
Oconee County Courthouse
415 South Pine Street
Walhalla, SC 29691
Clerk of Court
P.O. Box 678
Walhalla, SC 29691
Register of Deeds
415 South Pine Street
Walhalla, SC 29691
P.O. Box 471
Walhalla, SC 29691
Probate and marriage records
Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. Monday - Friday
The county is named after the Oconee tribe of Native Americans.
"Rotating Formation South Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1682-1987) may be viewed for free at the My South Carolina Genealogy website. The maps rely on AniMap 3.0 software.
- Lost census: 1890
|Battle Creek||Cross Roads||Johns Mill||Retreat|
|Boones Creek||Dixon Crossroads||Keowee||Return|
|Bounty Land||Earles Grove||Kulsetsiyi (hist.)||Richland|
|Brasstown||Ebenezer||Long Bottom Ford||Russell (hist.)|
|Burns Mill||Fair Play||Madison||Seneca|
|Camp Oak||Fairview||Moody Cove||Shiloh|
|Chagee (hist.)||Five Points||Newry||South Union|
|Chauga Heights||Flat Shoals||Oakway||Tamassee|
|Cheohee||Harbin (hist.)||Oconee (hist.)||Utica|
|Clearmont||Hicks Store||Old Madison||Walhalla|
|Clemson||Holly Springs||Old Pickens||West Union|
|Conneross(hist.)||Horse Shoe (hist.)||Percival Crossroads||Westminster|
- Franklin County, Georgia
- Habersham County, Georgia
- Hart County, Georgia
- Jackson County, North Carolina
- Macon County, North Carolina
- Rabun County, Georgia
- Stephens County, Georgia
- Transylvania County, North Carolina
- South Carolina Archives Summary Guide: Oconee County, available online, courtesy: South Carolina Department of Archives and History.
- Megginson, W.J. Black Soldiers in World War I: Anderson, Pickens and Oconee Counties, South Carolina; with a Discussion of Pensions for Civil War Slave Labor. Seneca, S.C.: Oconee County Historical Society, 1994. FHL 975.72 M2m
CemeteriesThere are more than # burial grounds in the county. To view a list, see Oconee County, South Carolina Cemeteries.
|Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.|
1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Oconee County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see South Carolina Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.
See South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
LDS Ward and Branch Records
- The Old Stone Church, Oconee County, South Carolina. Columbia, S.C.?: Old Stone Church and Cemetery Association with cooperation of the Andrew Pickens and Cateechee Chapters, D.A.R., 1905. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
More than 10 genealogies have been published about Oconee County families. To view a list, visit Oconee County, South Carolina Genealogy.
Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868
This series consists of recorded copies of plats for state land grants for the Charleston and the Columbia Series with their certificates of admeasurement or certification. All personal names and geographic features on these plats are included in the repository's On-line Index to Plats for State Land Grants
The South Carolina Constitution of 1790 required the surveyor general to maintain offices in both the new capital at Columbia and in Charleston. The surveyor general began to use separate volumes for recording plats in his Columbia office in 1796. Before that, all plats were recorded in the set of volumes begun in Charleston in 1784. After 1796, most plats for land grants in the Upper Division of the state were recorded and filed in Columbia. The surveyor general chose to make the Columbia volumes a continuation of the state plat volumes begun in Charleston and gave the initial Columbia volume the number thirty-six to correspond with the number of the volume that had then been reached in the Charleston series. As a result, there are volumes numbered thirty-six through forty-three from each office, but the records in them are not duplicative.
Also included are the Plan Books containing Plats and Plans.
Early migration routes to Oconee County for European settlers included:
- Savannah River pre-historic
- Old Cherokee Path pre-historic
- Lower Cherokee Traders' Path pre-historic
- Coosa-Tualoo Indian Warpath
- Tugaloo-Apalachie Bay Trail
- Augusta and Cherokee Trail in Georgia 1740s
- Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail about 1765
- Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path about 1777
- Upper Road about 1783
- Unicoi Trail or Turnpike 1813
French and Indian War
- "Garrison at Ft. Prince George, 1756, Keowee," Tulsa Annals, January 1973, Volume 8, Issue 1. Tulsa Genealogical Society : Tulsa, OK. FHL 40544
War of 1812
- List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, South Carolina, Oconee County, p. 187. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Oconee County was created in 1868, three years after the Civil War ended. During the Civil War, the area of Oconee County was part of Pickens District (later Pickens County). Men living in the area of what is now Oconee County may have served in regiments from Pickens District/County.
- Bell, Louise Matheson. Rebels in Grey : Soldiers from Pickens District, 1861-1865 ( Seneca, S.C. : Greys of Oconee Chapter No. 1783, United Daughters of the Confederacy, ©1984), 172 pages. Concerns Pickens and Oconee Counties. Book atWorldCat.
- Holder, Frederick C.; South Carolina (State) Militia, 2nd Regiment; South Carolina (State) Militia, 5th Regiment; Oconee County Historical Society (Oconee County, South Carolina). The Bailey A. Barton Muster Roll Book of Pickens District, South Carolina . Seneca, S.C.: Oconee County Historical Society, 1990. FHL Collection Book 975.723 M2b; Film 1697757 item 12. Reviewed in The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 91, No. 4 (Oct. 1990):280-281. Digital version of review at JSTOR ($). [Covers present Pickens and Oconee counties.]
- Seaborn, Margaret Mills. From 1730 through 1776, Cherokee Indian Towns of Oconee County, South Carolina: With Principal Paths. n.p.: n.p., 1974. Map. FHL 975.721 E7sm
The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Oconee County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.
- Farm and Factory (Seneca, S.C.) 1903-1929.
- Keowee Courier (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current.
- The Journal and Tribune (Seneca, S.C.) 1952-1985.
- The Journal/Tribune (Seneca, S.C.) 1985-current.
- The Messenger (Seneca, S.C.) 1954-current.
- The New Carolinian (Seneca, S.C.) 1897-1898.
- The Oconee News (Walhalla, S.C.) 1901-1911.
- The Seneca Journal (Seneca, S.C.) 1930-1952.
- The Westminster News (Westminster, S.C.) 1953-current.
- Tugaloo Tribune (Westminster, S.C.) 1909-1952.
- Walhalla Banner (Walhalla, S.C.) 185?-1???.
Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers new to their area may not encounter. Periodicals at various levels (county, region, and state) may carry articles useful to research in this area. For this county, see:
- Old Pendleton District Newsletter
-  Internal Revenue Assessment, 1864, Old Pendleton District Newsletter, Vol. 23, No. 3 (Mar. 2009).
To see how the Civil War financially impacted residents of Oconee County, South Carolina, compare values of real and personal estates on the 1860 Census, with 1866-1867 tax records:
- [1866-1867] Rich, Peggy Burton and Margarette Gibbs Ogle. Pickens District, South Carolina 1866 Tax List, January 1, 1866- January 1, 1867. n.p.: South Carolina Genealogical Society. Old Pendleton Chapter, 1991. FHL Book 975.72 R4r
Archives, Libraries, and Museums
Oconee County Genealogical Society
247 Cross Hill Road
Easley SC 29640
source: Society Hill
Family History Centers
Seneca South Carolina
5003 Wells Highway
Seneca, Oconee, South Carolina, United States
Hours: T,Th 10 a.m to 5 p.m Wed. 6;30 p.m. to 8;30 p.m.
Closed: Closed Major Holidays
- Oconee County, SCGenWeb
- Family History Library Catalog
- Oconee County, South Carolina Genealogy and Family History (Linkpendium)
- "List of counties in South Carolina," Wikipedia.
- The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
- Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), especially the book's pocket map by W.E. Myer, "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923) and pages 12-14. (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
- William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.