Ohio, Stark County Court Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Ohio,Stark County Court Records,1809-1917 .

Record Description

These records are from the Court of Common Pleas located at the Stark County Record's Center. The records include Land Records and Naturalization Witnesses and Depositions.

The earlier records are generally handwritten. From the late 1800s printed forms were used.

The county began keeping records as soon as it was organized. 

For a list of records by event and date currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.

This collection includes records for the years 1809 to 1917. 

Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. Ohio’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship.

Land records were made to provide legal proof of ownership and to transfer titles.

Information that was current at the time of the event was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"Ohio, Stark County Court Records, 1809-1917." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Court of Common Pleas. County Record Center, Canton.

Digital images of original housed at various municipal archives throughout Ohio.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

Ohio Stark County Court of Common Pleas (10-0815) DGS 4744571 22.jpg

Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:

  • Name of the immigrant
  • Country of birth
  • Date and place of arrival
  • Date of Declaration of Intent or Naturalization
  • Date and place of birth
  • Age and race
  • Last foreign residence
  • Current residence
  • Marital status
  • Name of spouse, if married
  • Maiden name of wife
  • Birth date of spouse
  • Residence of spouse
  • Names of witnesses
  • Signature of judge or court official

Land records usually contain the following:

  • Names of persons involved in transaction
  • Date of transaction
  • Amount of money exchanged
  • Legal description of land
  • Witnesses

How to Use this Record

To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "County" category
⇒Select the "Record Type, Date Range and Volume" category
which takes you to the images

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

To begin your search you will need to know the following:

  • The full name of your ancestor
  • The event date
  • The ancestor’s residence

If you are looking for an immigration and do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.

For example, you can use naturalization records to:

  • Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
  • Confirm their date of arrival
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Find records in his or her country of origin, such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.

You may also find these tips helpful:

  • Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
  • An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
  • If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
  • Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
  • The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
  • You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.

If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:

  • Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
  • Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
  • Search the indexes of nearby counties.

Known Issues with This Collection

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See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

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Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"Ohio, Stark County Court Records, 1809-1917." images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org&nbsp: accessed 26 March 2012.) entry for Joshua D. Atwater; citing Court Records, Stark, Common Pleas records, 1840, v. Q, Image 44; Stark County Court of Common Pleas, Canton, Ohio.