For a brief discussion of the many minorities who immigrated to Ohio, see the Ohio Emigration and Immigration page.
African Americans make up a rich part of Ohio's History. The Ohio Constitution of 1803, outlawed slavery, this was in accordance to the Northwest Ordinance of 1787. Run away slaves would hide among the friendly Native American tribes, many in a village of Wyandot Indians in the Upper Sandusky.
Records can be found at:
- Special Enumeration of Blacks Immigrating to Ohio, 1861-1863  Contains indexes by immigrants' names, previous residences, counties in which the lived, and questionable names. It also includes original returns by county.
- Ohio African American Genealogy has sources to assist you in your search for your ancestors.
- African American Cemeteries online.
- Early Nineteenth-Century German Settlers in Ohio (Mainly Cincinnati and Environs), Kentucky, and Other States Indexes and abstracts membership records, obituaries, and articles published in Der Deutsche Pioniere . . ., a monthly magazine published by the Deutsche Pioniereverien (Union of German Pioneers).
- Ohio Valley German Biographical Index  Includes information on individuals from Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky.
The Ohio Historical Society, the Western Reserve Historical Society, and many university libraries maintain collections of records for ethnic, racial, and religious groups in Ohio. See Ohio Archives and Libraries for more information.
Fabela Lozano Solis Villanueva
7747 Wildwood Road
Findlay, OH 45840-9538
Telephone: (419) 424-1199
Afro-American Genealogical Society, Cleveland
P.O. Box 201476
Cleveland, OH 44120-9998
Internet: Afro-American Genealogical Society, Cleveland
Afro-American Family History Association
8716 Harkness Road
Cleveland, OH 44106
Family History Library
Other records and histories of ethnic, racial, and religious groups in Ohio are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
OHIO - MINORITIES
OHIO - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION The name of the minority, such as BLACKS, AFRO-AMERICANS, JEWS, AMERICAN LOYALISTS, ITALIANS - OHIO, or QUAKERS. Handbooks on how to research specific groups (such as Czech, German, Hispanic, Indian, Irish, Polish, etc.). For example under the heading “POLES - UNITED STATES,” you can find a book called Polish Genealogy & Heraldry.
- Ohio. Auditor of State. Special Enumeration of Blacks Immigrating to Ohio, 1861-1863. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio Historical Society, 198-. (Family History Library film 1688779.)
- Smith, Clifford Neal. Early Nineteenth-Century German Settlers in Ohio (Mainly Cincinnati and Environs), Kentucky, and Other States. McNeal, Arizona: Westland Publications, 1984. (Family History Library book 973 W2smn no. 20.) >
- Tolzmann, Don Heinrich. Ohio Valley German Biographical Index. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1992. (Family History Library book 977.1 D42t.)