Online Canadian indexes and images
Many federal census records are found at the Family History Library, Library and Archives Canada, and at other provincial and local archives. The federal censuses which have been released to the public are provided online by several entities, including links to images Canada Census provides more detailed information about the federal records.
Most available federal censuses of Canada have been indexed. Indexes and links to them are listed at the Library and Archives Canada web site.
Pre-1842. The pre-1842 censuses of Ontario were taken each year by local tax assessors and filed with the District Clerk of the Peace. Most have been lost. Those for Augusta Township, Grenville County, are on FHL film 393998. They cover the years 1796, 1806, 1813, 1823, and 1824. Other head-of-household lists made by tax assessors date from the late 1820s and 1830s for some townships. See Ontario Taxation.
1842-1850. The first census for all of Upper Canada (present southern Ontario) was a head-of-household census taken in 1842. Much of it does not survive. The 1848 and 1850 head-of-household censuses exist for only three of twenty districts then in the province: Huron, Johnstown, and Newcastle. The available 1848 and 1850 censuses are indexed in:
1851-61. Important every-name censuses were taken in southern Ontario for 1851 (actually taken in 1852) and 1861. Some sections of these censuses are lost.
Index, 1871 Census of Ontario. The Ontario Genealogical Society prepared an index for the 1871 census of the province:
The 1871 Ontario census is indexed and online at: http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/1871-ontario/index-e.html
1891 census index with images is online at Library and Archives Canada.
A list of townships for which these censuses are available is in the Ontario section of:
Census Indexes. A bibliography of available census indexes by township is:
All census records for Ontario are listed in the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog under the headings:
ONTARIO - CENSUS - [YEAR]
ONTARIO, [DISTRICT] - CENSUS - [YEAR]
ONTARIO, [COUNTY] - CENSUS - [YEAR]
ONTARIO, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - CENSUS - [YEAR]
A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:
- FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library.
- Automated Genealogy, a free online service includes links to free images found at the Library and Archives Canada.
- Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving national and many provincial census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.