Difference between revisions of "Ontario Census 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Updated "How to Use")
 
(56 intermediate revisions by 28 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{FamilySearch_Collection
+
''[[Canada Genealogy|Canada]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Ontario Genealogy|Ontario]]''
|CID=CID1460164
+
 
|title=Ontario Census 1861
+
{{Canada HR Infobox
|location=Canada}}  
+
| CID = CID1460164
 +
| title = Ontario Census, 1861
 +
| location = Canada
 +
| LOC_01 = Ontario
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| loc_map = Ontario_map.png
 +
| record_type = Census
 +
| start_year = 1861
 +
| end_year = 1861
 +
| language = English
 +
| title_language = Ontario Census 1861
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[Canada]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&query=%2Bkeywords%3AOntario Online FamilySearch Catalog Keyword]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[Ontario Genealogy|Ontario]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [[Ontario Vital Records]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 = [[Canada History Links]]
 +
| FS_URL_06 = [[Canada Historic Maps]]
 +
| FS_URL_07 = [[Library and Archives Canada]]
 +
| FS_URL_08 = [[Canada Census|Canada Census]]
 +
| FS_URL_09 = [[Ontario Genealogy|Ontario]]
 +
| FS_URL_10 = [[Ontario Census|Ontario Census]]
 +
| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.ontariogenealogy.com/ Ontario Genealogy Overview]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [https://www.ogs.on.ca/ Ontario Genealogical Society]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.geneofun.on.ca/db.php?database=ogwcensus&template=ogwcensus-coONT.html&search=YRCODE&find=ONT1861&sort=TWP Ontario Genweb Census Project]
 +
| RW_URL_04 = [http://archive.org/search.php?query=creator%3A%22Canada.%20Board%20of%20registration%20and%20statistics%22 Canada census on archive.org]
 +
| RW_URL_05 =
 +
| custodian = [http://www1.toronto.ca/wps/portal/contentonly?vgnextoid=7cb4ba2ae8b1e310VgnVCM10000071d60f89RCRD Public Archives, Toronto]
 +
}}
  
== Record Description  ==
+
== What is in this Collection? ==
  
 
This census was taken on January 14, 1861 and applied to the residents as of the previous night (January 13, 1861).  
 
This census was taken on January 14, 1861 and applied to the residents as of the previous night (January 13, 1861).  
  
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. They are bound into volumes, arranged by county, then by township and enumeration district.  
+
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with pre-printed rows and columns. They are bound into volumes, arranged by county, then by township and enumeration district. The Census contains the 1861 census for the province of Ontario. At this time Ontario was not yet part of the Dominion of Canada but was called Canada West. The census taker took the information on the census day starting January 14, 1861. Census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day.  
  
The Census contains the 1861 census for the province of Ontario. At this time Ontario was not yet part of the Dominion of Canada, but was called Canada West. The census taker took the information on the census day starting January 14, 1861. Census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and sub districts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same and there were many variations from location to location.  
+
Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and sub districts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same and there were many variations from location to location. Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.  
  
Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.
+
== What Can these Records Tell Me? ==
  
The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the enumerator. Realize that the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or even by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
+
Census records may contain the following information:
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
+
*Name of resident
 
+
*Gender
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
+
*Age
 
 
{{Collection citation
 
|text = Board of Registration and Statistics. Ontario census, 1861. Public Archives of Canada.}}
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
 
 
These census records may contain the following information:
 
 
 
*Full name of family members
 
*Occupation
 
*Place of birth
 
 
*Marital status  
 
*Marital status  
 
*Religion  
 
*Religion  
*Age
 
*Gender
 
*Births in 1860
 
*Deaths in 1860
 
*Type of house
 
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
 
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
 
 
*Ancestor's name
 
 
*Place of birth  
 
*Place of birth  
*Approximate year of birth
+
*Approximate year of birth  
 +
*Place of residence
  
==== Search the Collection ====
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 +
. To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of your ancestor
 +
*The name of a relative or date of the event
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
+
=== Search the Index ===
 +
Search by name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1460164 Collection Page].  
 +
#Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
 +
#Click '''Search''' to show possible matches
  
==== Using the Information  ====
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
  
When you have located the record of your ancestor, the following can help you further your research:
 
  
*Use the approximate birth year and birthplace to search for a birth record.
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
==== General Information About These Records  ====
+
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1460164 Ontario Census, 1861]. Click on camera icon to see images.}}
  
This census records the birthplace for each person, along with his or her age, and other personal information.  
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 +
Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.
  
Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records simply do not exist.  
+
=== I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*Use the information to find the family in additional censuses.
 +
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date to find other records such as birth, baptism, marriage, land and death records.
 +
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
 +
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
 +
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 +
*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
 +
*Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
 +
*Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
 +
*[[Ontario Church Records| Church Records]] often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
  
== Related Websites ==
+
=== I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now? ===
  
[http://www.geneofun.on.ca/db.php?database=ogwcensus&template=ogwcensus-coONT.html&search=YRCODE&find=ONT1861&sort=TWP Ontario Genweb Census Project]  
+
*Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc.  Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*Collect entries for every person who has the same surname.  This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
 +
*If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search. 
 +
*Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images. 
 +
*Remember that sometimes individuals went by [http://usgenweb.org/research/nicknames.shtml nicknames] or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for [http://genealogy.about.com/od/first_names/fl/nickname-given-name-equivalents.htm these names] as well. 
 +
*Search the indexes and records of [[Ontario, Canada Genealogy]].
 +
*Search in the [[Ontario Archives and Libraries]].
 +
*Search in the [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=304&query=%2Bplace%3A%22Canada%2C%20Ontario%22%20%2Bkeywords%3Acensus FamilySearch Library Catalog]
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
+
== Known Issues with This Collection ==
  
*[[Canada Census|Canada Census]]
+
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection, see the attached [[Ontario Census 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.<br>
*[[Ontario|Ontario]]  
 
*[[Ontario Census|Ontario Census]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
==Citing This Collection==
 
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  <br>
{{Contributor_invite}}  
+
<br>
 
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br>
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
{{Collection citation | text= "Ontario Census, 1861." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Board of Registration and Statistics. Public Archives, Toronto.}}<br><br>
 +
<br>
 +
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br>
 +
{{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1460164
 +
|title=Ontario Census 1861
 +
}}
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
'''[[Ontario_Census_1861_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)#top|Top of Page]]'''
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
[[Category:Ontario|Census]] [[Category:Canada_census]]
+
{{Contributor_invite}}
 +
[[Category:Ontario FamilySearch Historical Records]]

Latest revision as of 19:04, 9 May 2017

Canada Gotoarrow.png Ontario

Access the Records
Ontario Census, 1861 .
CID1460164
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Ontario,  Canada
Canada flag.png
Flag of Canada
Ontario map.png
Location of Ontario, Canada
Canada.png
Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years 1861-1861
Languages English
Title in the Language Ontario Census 1861
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Public Archives, Toronto


What is in this Collection?

This census was taken on January 14, 1861 and applied to the residents as of the previous night (January 13, 1861).

Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with pre-printed rows and columns. They are bound into volumes, arranged by county, then by township and enumeration district. The Census contains the 1861 census for the province of Ontario. At this time Ontario was not yet part of the Dominion of Canada but was called Canada West. The census taker took the information on the census day starting January 14, 1861. Census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day.

Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and sub districts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same and there were many variations from location to location. Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.

What Can these Records Tell Me?

Census records may contain the following information:

  • Name of resident
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Marital status
  • Religion
  • Place of birth
  • Approximate year of birth
  • Place of residence

How Do I Search the Collection?

. To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • The name of a relative or date of the event

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.

  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.


For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the information to find the family in additional censuses.
  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date to find other records such as birth, baptism, marriage, land and death records.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
  • Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search the indexes and records of Ontario, Canada Genealogy.
  • Search in the Ontario Archives and Libraries.
  • Search in the FamilySearch Library Catalog

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection, see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Citing This Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  

Collection Citation:

"Ontario Census, 1861." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Board of Registration and Statistics. Public Archives, Toronto.


Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Ontario Census 1861.


Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.