Orangeburgh District, South Carolina
- Not to be confused with the smaller Orangeburg County 1800-present. From 1800 to 1868 that Orangeburg County was also known by the alias of Orangeburg District.
Tradition has been that the "h" was used when referring to Orangeburgh District and it was dropped when referring to Orangeburg County. 
In 1768 South Carolina replaced all of her previous counties with seven court districts including the new Orangeburgh District northwest of the previous Berkeley, Colleton, and Granville counties. See the 1770 South Carolina map.
The four subordinate counties were never surveyed or properly laid out. Their boundaries were ambiguous. Their county governments never became functional. Most records were kept at the parish level; none were kept at the county level. There were no county seats. There were no political connotations to the counties' existences. In this case the term "county" had no meaning other than to describe an approximate geographical area. They were a counties in name only.
The four subordinate counties were abolished in 1791. Only the overarching Orangeburgh District remained for the next nine years.
In 1800 Barnwell District was created from part of Orangeburgh District. Lexington District was created from part of Orangeburgh District in 1804 and carried the same name as the old territory formed in 1785. The remaining area of Orangeburgh District became Orangeburg County in 1868. archives.sc.gov/sccountymaps/Pages/default.aspx
For documents of people who lived in this area from 1768 to 1800, look in:
"Rotating Formation South Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1682-1987) may be viewed for free at the My South Carolina Genealogy website. The maps rely on AniMap 3.0 software.
- Orangeburgh District, South Carolina, courtesy: Carolana.com. Includes history.
- Daniel Marchant Culler, Orangeburgh District History and Records, 1768-1868, (Spartanburg: The Reprint Company, 1995), page ix.
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- "South Carolina Districts and Parishes 1760" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1760.html (accessed 7 May 2011).