Otero County, Colorado Genealogy
Guide to Otero County Colorado genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
|Otero County, Colorado|
Location in the state of Colorado
Location of Colorado in the U.S.
|Founded||January 9, 1852|
|County Seat||La Junta|
|Address|| Otero County Courthouse|
13 W 3rd St
La Junta, CO 81050-0000
Otero County Website
- 1 County Courthouse
- 2 Quick Facts
- 3 Historical Facts
- 4 Resources
- 5 Census
- 5.1 Church Records
- 5.2 Court Records
- 5.3 Directories
- 5.4 Emigration and Immigration
- 5.5 Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups
- 5.6 Gazetteers
- 5.7 Genealogy
- 5.8 History
- 5.9 Land and Property
- 5.10 Maps
- 5.11 Military
- 5.12 Naturalization and Citizenship
- 5.13 Newspapers
- 5.14 Obituaries
- 5.15 Periodicals
- 5.16 Probate
- 5.17 Public Records
- 5.18 Repositories
- 5.19 Taxation
- 5.20 Vital Records
- 6 Places
- 7 Websites
- 8 References
County Clerk has marriage records from 1892 and land records 1889
Clerk County Court has divorce and probate recors; Clerk District Court
has court records
|Beginning dates for major county records|
|*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries|
- Before 1861 the southern 2/3rds of this modern Colorado county were in New Mexico.
- 9 January 1852 it was created part of Taos County in New Mexico Territory. 
- 1 February 1860 it became part of Mora County.
- 28 February 1861 it was transferred to Colorado  (1 Nov 1861 Huerfano County).
- Look for pre-1861 records in New Mexico. For further explanation see Taos County.
25 March 1889: Otero County was created from Bent County.
Business Records and Commerce
- Otero County Cemeteries - Otero County Genealogy and History
- Otero County Cemeteries - USGenWeb Archives
- Otero County Cemeteries - List, Findagrave
- Otero County Cemeteries - Map, Findagrave
For tips on accessing Otero County, Colorado Genealogy census records online, see: Colorado Census.
Emigration and Immigration
Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups
Local histories are available for Otero County, Colorado Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Colorado Local Histories.
Land and Property
Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.
See Colorado Land and Property for additional information about early Colorado land grants.
After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where current records are also housed.
Family Maps of Otero County, Colorado Genealogy (land patent maps) at HistoryGeo.com ($). Free surname search.
Naturalization and Citizenship
Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Otero County, Colorado Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:
Probate records have been kept by the county courts. Colorado probate records include bonds, affidavits, letters, claims, appraisals, fee accounts, minutes, judgments, dockets, calendars, case files, and wills. The Family History Library does not have copies of probate records from Colorado.
You may obtain copies of documents from the clerk's office in the county courthouse.
Family History Centers
Colorado tax records complement land records and can be used as supplements to censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records. To find tax records in the FamilySearch Catalog, do a Place Search for the county.
Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Vital Records Section Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.
For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Colorado.
- Otero County CO Trails to the Past
- Orero County CO GenWeb
- Otero County CO GenWeb Archives
- Orero County CO Rootsweb
- Otero County CO Linkpendium
- Otero County CO Genealogy and History
- Family History Library Catalog
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 100, Otero County, Colorado. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
- William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1987), 52. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
- Brief County Histories (New Mexico) in RootsWeb (accessed 21 June 2012).
- Wikipedia contributors, "Colorado Territory" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopeida at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorado_Territory (accessed 19 June 2012).
- Adrian B. Ettlinger, AniMap 3.0 : with SiteFinder U.S. place name database (Alamo, Calif.: Gold Bug, 2008), Colorado 1861 map. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL CD-ROM no. 4903.
- Handybook, 99, Huerfano County, Colorado.