Panama Canal Zone

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United States > Former Territories > Panama Canal Zone

From 1903 to 1979 the Panama Canal Zone was controlled by the U.S. government under the Hay-Bunau-Varilla treaty. The 1936 Hull-Alfaro Treaty, ratified by the US Senate, indicated the Canal Zone was the "territory of the Republic of Panama under the jurisdiction of the United States of America."[1] From 1979-1999, after the Carter-Torrijos treaty was signed, it was jointly administered by the United States and Panama.[2]

At least two United States federal censuses were taken in this territory.[3]

For more in-depth research in Panama, see the Panama article.

Related Content


  1. "Controlling the Canal," PBS Online NewsHour ( accessed 2 May 2010).
  2. "Panama Canal Zone," Wikipedia ( accessed 18 August 2008).
  3. "Panama Canal Zone Records," FamilySearch Wiki ( : accessed 18 August 2008).