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  • Ancient parish - districts in England formed by the 13th century each with its own priest and often with boundaries the same as the local manor; given increasing civil administrative functions, their civil importance declined with the abolition of Church Rates in 1868.
  • Civil parish - in England, the smallest local government division, during the 19th century, took over the civil administrative activities of the ancient parishes and other areas. In Wales, the term used is community.
  • Ecclesiastical parish - a geographic subdivision of a diocese; the term is used in England to distinguish it from the corresponding civil parish.
  • Parish Administration in England and Wales - how English and Welsh parishes were managed from the 16th century and the sort of records which resulted
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