Difference between revisions of "Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy|Pennsylvania]]''
|location=United States
 
|CID=CID1937344
 
|title=Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952}} <br>
 
  
<br>
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{{US NARA HR Infobox
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|CID=CID1937344
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|title=Pennsylvania, Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952
 +
|location=Pennsylvania
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| LOC_01 = Pennsylvania
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| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type = Naturalization Indexes
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| record_group_nr =21
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| record_group_title =[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/021.html Records of the District Courts of the United States]
 +
| start_year = 1795
 +
| end_year = 1952
 +
| micro_pub_nr =M1249
 +
| micro_pub_title =Indexes to Naturalization Petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania,1795-1931 
 +
| micro_pub_rolls =60
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
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| micro_pub_title_02 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
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| micro_pub_nr_03 =
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| micro_pub_title_03 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
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| micro_pub_nr_04 =
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| micro_pub_title_04 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
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| coll_series =
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| arrangement =
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| NAID = 350
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| language =
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| FS_URL_01 = [[Pennsylvania Genealogy ]]
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| FS_URL_02 = [[Pennsylvania Naturalization and Citizenship]]
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| FS_URL_03 = [[United States Naturalization and Citizenship]]
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| FS_URL_04 = [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1913395?collectionNameFilter=false Eastern District Naturalization]
 +
| FS_URL_05 =  [[Pennsylvania Archives and Libraries]]
 +
| FS_URL_06 =  [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=345&query=%2Bplace%3A%22United%20States%2C%20Pennsylvania%22%20%2Bkeywords%3Anaturalization FamilySearch Library Catalog]
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization/naturalization.html NARA Naturalization Records]
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| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization/420-major-immigration-laws.pdf NARA U.S. Laws Relating to Immigration and Naturalization]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.naturalizationrecords.com/usa Naturalization Records in the USA]
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| RW_URL_04 = [http://www.naturalizationrecords.com/usa/pennsylvania.shtml Pennsylvania Naturalization Records]
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| RW_URL_06 =
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| RW_URL_07 =
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| RW_URL_08 =
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| RW_URL_09 =
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| RW_URL_10 =
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}}
  
== Record Description ==
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
  
The collection consists of Soundex card indexes to naturalization petitions and declarations of intention from the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. The information typically includes the name of the individual, petition number, declaration number, birthdate, date of petition or declaration, and occasionally other pieces of information: name variations, marriage information, etc. This collection corresponds to NARA M1248: Indexes to Naturalization Petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 1795-1951.  
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Three soundex card indexes to naturalization petitions and declarations of intention from the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. The information typically includes the name of the individual, petition number, declaration number, birth date, date of petition or declaration, and occasionally other pieces of information: name variations, marriage information, etc. This collection corresponds to NARA M1248: Indexes to Naturalization Petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 1795-1952 and is part of Record Group 21 Records of the District Courts of the United States.
  
Naturalization is&nbsp;a voluntary process by which immigrants can become American citizens&nbsp;and receive the rights granted with citizenship.&nbsp;Before 1790, British immigrants were automatically considered citizens.&nbsp;Some Protestant immigrants from other counties swore allegience and requested citizenship from civil authorities. The process by which foreign immigrants could become citizens&nbsp;of the British empire colony, and later American citizens, varied between states until 1906, when the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization standardized&nbsp;immigration&nbsp;laws and procedures. The general requirements for citizenship include residency in one&nbsp;U.S. state&nbsp;for one year and in the United States for five years.&nbsp;
+
* 1795-1906, Rolls 1-8
 +
* 1906-1926, Rolls 9-36
 +
* 1926-1952, Rolls 37-60
  
For a list of records by date and name currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1937344/waypoints Browse].  
+
The soundex index is a phonetic index that groups together names that sound alike but are spelled differently, for example, Stewart and Stuart. The index cards are filed according to the soundex number associated with each family name and then by given names. For more information on soundex indexes and help with coding names and using the index, see the [[Soundex|Soundexwiki]] article.  
 
 
The records cover the years 1795 to 1952.&nbsp;
 
  
 +
“’Naturalization’” is a voluntary process through which immigrants can become American citizens. By becoming naturalized citizens, immigrants are granted the same rights, privileges and protections as natural born citizens.
 +
Before 1790, British immigrants were considered citizens of the British colonies in America, and later American citizens. Some Protestant immigrants from other European countries requested citizenship from civil authorities.  After swearing allegiance, immigrants were generally granted citizenship.
 +
The process by which other immigrants could become citizens of the British Empire or the American colonies, and later American citizens, was handled by the individual colonies then states until 1906, when the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization standardized immigration laws and procedures. The general requirements for citizenship include residency in one U.S. state for one year and in the United States for five years.
 
Naturalization papers are an important source of information about an immigrant's nation of origin, his foreign and “Americanized” names, residence, and date of arrival. Naturalization records were created to process naturalizations and keep track of immigrants in the United States.  
 
Naturalization papers are an important source of information about an immigrant's nation of origin, his foreign and “Americanized” names, residence, and date of arrival. Naturalization records were created to process naturalizations and keep track of immigrants in the United States.  
 +
Naturalization records are generally reliable, but may occasionally be subject to error or falsification. Be sure to search all possible spellings for the surname of the person for whom you are looking. Think about how the surname was pronounced, and how it sounded in the immigrant’s probable accent. The surname may be spelled differently in records that were closer to your ancestor's immigration date.
  
Naturalization records are generally reliable, but may occasionally be subject to error or falsification. Be sure to search all possible&nbsp;spellings of your ancestor's surname. Think about how the surname was pronounced, and how it sounded in your ancestor's probable accent. The surname may be spelled differently in earlier records that were closer to your ancestor's immigration date.
+
===To Browse this Collection===
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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{{Collection_Browse_Link
 
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|CID=CID1937344
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
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|title=Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952
 
+
}}
{{Collection citation
 
| text=District and Circuit Courts. Pennsylvania Eastern District naturalization indexes. Office of the Naturalization Clerk of the U.S. District Court, Philadelphia.}}  
 
  
[[Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
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== What Can these Records Tell Me? ==
  
== Record Content  ==
+
Soundex index cards usually include the following:  
 
 
The soundex index is a phonetic index that groups together names that sound alike but are spelled differently, for example, Stewart and Stuart. The index cards are filed according to the soundex number associated with each family name and then by given names. For more information on soundex indexes and help with coding names and using the index, see the [[Soundex|Soundexwiki]] article.
 
 
 
The soundex index cards for the years generally include the following information:
 
 
 
[[Image:Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes DGS 4110542 293.jpg|thumb|right|Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes DGS 4110542 293.jpg]]
 
  
 
*Name  
 
*Name  
Line 48: Line 89:
 
*Volume, page number
 
*Volume, page number
  
== How to Use the Record ==
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== Collection Content ==
 +
=== Sample Image ===
  
Immigrants could naturalize in any court that performed naturalizations. That included city, county, state and federal courts. Begin by looking for naturalization records in the courts of the county or city where the immigrant lived. Look first for the petition (second papers), because they are usually easier to find in courts near where the immigant eventually settled. After 1906, the declaration can be filed with the petition as the immigrant was required to submit a copy when he submitted the petition.  
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<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
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Image:Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes DGS 4110542 293.jpg|Naturalization Soundex Card
 +
</gallery>
  
Because immigrants were allowed to naturalize in any court, they often selected the most convenient court. If they lived in the Eastern District but worked elsewhere, they may have gone to a court closer to work.&nbsp;
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== How Do I Search the Collection?  ==
 +
You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of your ancestor
 +
*At least one other piece of information
  
You can use naturalization records to:
+
=== Search the Index ===
 +
Search by name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1937344 Collection Page].
 +
#Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
 +
#Click '''Search''' to show possible matches
  
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
+
=== View the Images ===
*Confirm their date of arrival
+
View images in this collection by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/1937344/waypoints Browse Page].
*Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
+
# Select '''Date Range'''
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests
+
# Select '''Name Range'''
  
You may also find these tips helpful:
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
  
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
 
*An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
 
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
 
*Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
 
*The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
 
*You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
 
  
If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:
+
For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
+
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1937344 Pennsylvania, Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952]. Click on camera icon to see images.}}
*Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
 
*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
 
  
<br>
+
==What Do I Do Next?==
 +
Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members. 
  
== Related Websites  ==
 
  
*[http://www.naturalizationrecords.com/usa Naturalization Records in the USA]
+
=== I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now? ===
*[http://www.naturalizationrecords.com/usa/pennsylvania.shtml Pennsylvania Naturalization Records]
+
*Use the information to find other records such as emigrations, port records, ship’s manifests, birth, christening, census, and land records.  
 +
*Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
 +
*Use the information to find additional family members.
 +
*Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
 +
*[[Pennsylvania Church Records|Church Records]] often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
+
=== I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now? === 
 +
*Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc.  Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*Collect entries for every person who has the same surname.  This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
 +
*If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search. 
 +
*Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images. 
 +
*Remember that sometimes individuals went by [http://usgenweb.org/research/nicknames.shtml nicknames] or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for [http://genealogy.about.com/od/first_names/fl/nickname-given-name-equivalents.htm these names] as well.  
 +
*Search the indexes and records of [[Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy]].
 +
*Search in the [[Pennsylvania Archives and Libraries]].
 +
*Search in the [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=345&query=%2Bplace%3A%22United%20States%2C%20Pennsylvania%22%20%2Bkeywords%3Anaturalization FamilySearch Library Catalog]
  
*[[Pennsylvania Naturalization and Citizenship]]
+
== Citing this Collection  ==
*[[United States Naturalization and Citizenship|United States Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.
  
{{Contributor_invite}}  
+
'''Collection citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Pennsylvania, Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952." Database with Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1248. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}}<br><br>
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
'''Record citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1937344
 +
|title=Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952
 +
}}
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
'''Image citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1937344
 +
|title=Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952
 +
}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
+
[[Pennsylvania_Eastern_District_Naturalization_Indexes_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)#top|Top of Page]]
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
{{Incomplete Citations}}  
+
{{Contributor_invite}}  
 
 
*“Delaware Marriage Records,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 4 March 2011), entry for William Anderson and Elizabeth Baynard Henry, married 23 November 1913; citing marriage certificate no. 859; FHL microfilm 2,025,063; Delaware Bureau of Archives and Records Management, Dover.
 
 
 
*“El Salvador Civil Registration,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 21 March 2011), entry for Jose Maria Antonio del Carmen, born 9 April 1880; citing La Libertad, San Juan Opico, Nacimientos 1879-1893, image 50; Ministerio Archivo Civil de la Alcaldia Municipal de San Salvador.
 
 
 
When the citation has been replaced with a citation specific to the collection described, please change the heading to "Citation Example for Records Found in This Collection".
 
  
[[Category:Pennsylvania|Naturalization and Citizenship]]
+
[[Category:NARA_Naturalization_and_Citizenship_Records]]

Latest revision as of 16:59, 20 April 2017

United States Gotoarrow.png Pennsylvania

Access the Records
Pennsylvania, Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952 .
CID1937344
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Pennsylvania, United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Naturalization Indexes
Record Group RG 21: Records of the District Courts of the United States
Collection years 1795-1952
Microfilm Publication M1249. Indexes to Naturalization Petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania,1795-1931. 60 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 350
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

Three soundex card indexes to naturalization petitions and declarations of intention from the U.S. Circuit and District Courts for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. The information typically includes the name of the individual, petition number, declaration number, birth date, date of petition or declaration, and occasionally other pieces of information: name variations, marriage information, etc. This collection corresponds to NARA M1248: Indexes to Naturalization Petitions to the U.S. Circuit and District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 1795-1952 and is part of Record Group 21 Records of the District Courts of the United States.

  • 1795-1906, Rolls 1-8
  • 1906-1926, Rolls 9-36
  • 1926-1952, Rolls 37-60

The soundex index is a phonetic index that groups together names that sound alike but are spelled differently, for example, Stewart and Stuart. The index cards are filed according to the soundex number associated with each family name and then by given names. For more information on soundex indexes and help with coding names and using the index, see the Soundexwiki article.

“’Naturalization’” is a voluntary process through which immigrants can become American citizens. By becoming naturalized citizens, immigrants are granted the same rights, privileges and protections as natural born citizens. Before 1790, British immigrants were considered citizens of the British colonies in America, and later American citizens. Some Protestant immigrants from other European countries requested citizenship from civil authorities. After swearing allegiance, immigrants were generally granted citizenship. The process by which other immigrants could become citizens of the British Empire or the American colonies, and later American citizens, was handled by the individual colonies then states until 1906, when the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization standardized immigration laws and procedures. The general requirements for citizenship include residency in one U.S. state for one year and in the United States for five years. Naturalization papers are an important source of information about an immigrant's nation of origin, his foreign and “Americanized” names, residence, and date of arrival. Naturalization records were created to process naturalizations and keep track of immigrants in the United States. Naturalization records are generally reliable, but may occasionally be subject to error or falsification. Be sure to search all possible spellings for the surname of the person for whom you are looking. Think about how the surname was pronounced, and how it sounded in the immigrant’s probable accent. The surname may be spelled differently in records that were closer to your ancestor's immigration date.

To Browse this Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952.

What Can these Records Tell Me?

Soundex index cards usually include the following:

  • Name
  • Birth place
  • Age, Gender, Occupation and Nationality
  • Last permanent residence
  • Final destination
  • Name and address of relative or friend
  • Arrival date and port of entry
  • Name of ship
  • Line number on passenger list
  • Volume, page number

Collection Content

Sample Image

How Do I Search the Collection?

You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • At least one other piece of information

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.

  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page.

  1. Select Date Range
  2. Select Name Range

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.


For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.


I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the information to find other records such as emigrations, port records, ship’s manifests, birth, christening, census, and land records.
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Use the information to find additional family members.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search the indexes and records of Pennsylvania, United States Genealogy.
  • Search in the Pennsylvania Archives and Libraries.
  • Search in the FamilySearch Library Catalog

Citing this Collection

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.

Collection citation:

"Pennsylvania, Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1248. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

Record citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952.


Image citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Pennsylvania Eastern District Naturalization Indexes, 1795-1952.


Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.